CN211622587U - Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building - Google Patents

Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211622587U
CN211622587U CN201922266638.0U CN201922266638U CN211622587U CN 211622587 U CN211622587 U CN 211622587U CN 201922266638 U CN201922266638 U CN 201922266638U CN 211622587 U CN211622587 U CN 211622587U
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aluminum alloy
alloy template
square timber
template
connecting plate
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吕建峰
郭彦冬
张郁
张爱玲
解丽兰
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China Shanxi Sijian Group Co Ltd
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China Shanxi Sijian Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a template bearing structure specifically is a high-rise building nonstandard layer aluminum alloy template square timber integrated configuration. The technical problem that the non-standard layer of the building cannot be matched due to the fact that the customized standardized aluminum alloy template is used is solved. Including side aluminum alloy template, top aluminum alloy template is equipped with the support square timber at side aluminum alloy template top, supports square timber top and is equipped with turning aluminum alloy template, turning aluminum alloy template include upper plate and vertical fixation's curb plate, the upper plate outer end is equipped with the top connecting plate, the top connecting plate passes through the bolt and is connected with top aluminum alloy template, the curb plate lower extreme is equipped with the bottom connecting plate, be the square timber between bottom connecting plate and the side aluminum alloy template, and the face and the side aluminum alloy template parallel and level of square timber orientation concrete one side, bottom connecting plate and side aluminum alloy template through split bolt connection. The construction cost is reduced, the disassembly and the assembly are convenient, and the construction efficiency is improved.

Description

Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a template bearing structure specifically is a high-rise building nonstandard layer aluminum alloy template square timber integrated configuration.
Background
At present, more and more construction enterprises select to adopt an aluminum alloy formwork support system when constructing a main structure of a high-rise residence, and the high-rise residence has the main advantages of good appearance of poured and formed concrete, high quality, short construction period, convenience in mounting and dismounting, high bearing capacity, difficulty in mold explosion, energy conservation, environmental friendliness and no site pollution. However, the unit price per square meter of the aluminum template is relatively high and the specification is relatively fixed, so the aluminum template is generally only adopted on a standard floor, and for the topmost floor of a high-rise residence, the floor height is generally higher than the standard floor by about 10cm, and the standard floor aluminum mold cannot be directly adopted for construction. The turnover frequency of the aluminum alloy formwork support system with the normal standard size is more than 200 times, the problem of formwork cost is considered, most of aluminum alloy formworks adopted in the construction site at present are leased by manufacturers, the aluminum alloy formwork is relatively economical when the turnover frequency of the aluminum alloy formwork used in the site exceeds 18 times through conventional cost measurement, the turnover frequency of the formwork is increased, the construction cost can be saved, and the construction cost of the aluminum alloy formwork is reduced. If a leasing party is required to specially manufacture a set of aluminum alloy templates on a nonstandard floor, only the top floor is used for the last time in a high-rise building, which obviously wastes rent, influences the construction period and improves the construction cost.
Therefore, in order to solve the problems, technicians consider that the gap between the aluminum alloy formwork and the top formwork with the standard height is supplemented by the square timber, and perform integral casting of the non-standard layer by adopting a mode of combining the aluminum alloy formwork and the square timber, so that the construction cost is saved, and the construction period is shortened.
CN 206928651U discloses a wall body aluminum mould board and crossing department's template connection structure of roof plank sheathing, has disclosed using wall body aluminum mould board, roof plank sheathing as the support system in the scheme, is equipped with vertical plank sheathing in the space between wall body aluminum mould board, roof plank sheathing, and vertical plank sheathing openly sets up the flitch, through split bolt fastening connection between flitch and the wall body aluminum mould board, fixes through the spike between vertical plank sheathing and roof plank sheathing, the flitch respectively. This scheme roof uses the design of plank sheathing, and split bolt subassembly only is fixed with square timber and aluminum alloy template, fixes through the spike between square timber and the vertical plank sheathing, fixes through the spike between vertical plank sheathing and the roof plank sheathing, that is to say that roof plank sheathing and aluminum alloy template are indirect connection, and the atress is out of shape easily. And this kind of fixed mode operation is complicated, needs a large amount of manpowers to follow closely one nail to the square timber in operation, still need extract the nail after using up, just can realize the turnover, and it is inconvenient to use, and is inefficient.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model discloses a solve the technical problem that the non-standard layer of building uses the unable matching that the standardized aluminum alloy template of customization brought, provide a high-rise building non-standard layer aluminum alloy template square timber integrated configuration.
Realize the technical scheme of the utility model is, a high-rise building nonstandard layer aluminum alloy template square timber combination structure, including side aluminum alloy template, top aluminum alloy template is equipped with the support square timber at side aluminum alloy template top, supports square timber top and is equipped with turning aluminum alloy template, turning aluminum alloy template include upper plate and vertical fixation's curb plate, the upper plate outer end is equipped with the top connecting plate, the top connecting plate passes through the bolt and is connected with top aluminum alloy template, the curb plate lower extreme is equipped with the bottom connecting plate, be the square timber between bottom connecting plate and the side aluminum alloy template, and the face of square timber orientation concrete one side and side aluminum alloy template and curb plate parallel and level, bottom connecting plate and side aluminum alloy template through drawing bolted connection.
A supporting rod is arranged below the top aluminum alloy template, a sleeve pipe with the same height as the square wood is arranged at the upper part of the supporting rod, and the top of the sleeve pipe is connected with the top aluminum alloy template.
Compared with the prior art, top layer nonstandard layer adopt aluminum alloy template and square timber combination to support the structure, directly assemble the aluminum mould board on standard layer according to the design drawing, consolidate, the square timber that adopts 30 x 100mm is higher than the standard layer and is established, later carry out the establishing of roof template, carry out reinforcement and concrete placement according to the standard layer at last, saved the formwork time of joining in marriage and the die carrier of adopting the wooden template and set up the time like this, construction progress has been accelerated, construction period has been practiced thrift. The wholeness is good after the reinforcement is accomplished, and no construction joint is stayed after concrete placement is accomplished, avoids the emergence of later stage seepage hidden danger.
The top nonstandard layer adopts aluminum alloy template + square timber support system construction, the wall, the roof, components such as outer wall molding except that the local wall body position of standard layer, most template contact surface still are the aluminum alloy template, the template surface is smooth, overall rigidity is big, the whole precision control of template is high, after concrete placement is accomplished, the surface is smooth, no wrong platform phenomenon takes place, the component size, the position all accords with the designing requirement, in addition, partial outer wall molding component adopts the construction completion of aluminum alloy template support system once, the wholeness has both been guaranteed, simultaneously than later stage secondary structure construction impression effect is better.
The top layer non-standard layer adopts aluminum alloy template and square timber combination support system, can avoid the input of top layer non-standard layer plank sheathing, square timber and support frame body to and the manual work of template processing and die carrier setting are thrown, only need consider to increase about 3m square timber of cultivating in a year and can satisfy the site operation requirement, and easy dismounting has improved the efficiency of construction simultaneously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention
In the figure: the steel plate comprises 1-side aluminum alloy templates, 2-supporting square timbers, 3-bottom connecting plates, 4-reinforcing plates, 5-side plates, 6-upper plates, 7-top connecting plates, 8-top aluminum alloy templates, 9-reinforcing rib plates, 10-sleeves, 11-supporting rods and 12-split bolts.
Detailed Description
As shown in figure 1, the high-rise building non-standard layer aluminum alloy formwork square wood combined structure comprises a side aluminum alloy formwork 1 and a top aluminum alloy formwork 8, wherein a supporting square wood 2 is arranged at the top of the side aluminum alloy formwork 1, a corner aluminum alloy formwork is arranged above the supporting square wood 2 and comprises an upper plate 6 and a side plate 5 which is vertically fixed, a top connecting plate 7 is arranged at the outer end of the upper plate 6, the top connecting plate 7 is connected with the top aluminum alloy formwork 8 through bolts, a bottom connecting plate 3 is arranged at the lower end of the side plate 5, the supporting square wood 2 is arranged between the bottom connecting plate 3 and the side aluminum alloy formwork 1, the surface, facing one side of concrete, of the supporting square wood 2 is flush with the side aluminum alloy formwork and the side plate, and the bottom connecting plate 3 and the side aluminum alloy formwork 1 are connected through split.
A supporting rod 11 is arranged below the top aluminum alloy template 8, a sleeve 10 with the same height as the square timber is arranged on the upper portion of the supporting rod 11, and the top of the sleeve 10 is connected with the top aluminum alloy template 8.
By adding the sleeve 10, a fixed distance is added on the standard supporting rod 11 to adapt to the height of the supporting square timber, and the balance of the supporting force is ensured.
An L-shaped reinforcing plate 4 is vertically arranged in the corner aluminum alloy template. Through the gusset plate 4 of L shape can make the anti bending ability of turning aluminum alloy template obtain strengthening, prevent that the corner from warping, influencing concrete structure.
When the concrete site operation is carried out, adopt standard layer aluminum alloy template earlier to carry out the template of wall body and roof beam position and prop up and establish, the difference in height of layer between nonstandard layer and the standard layer adopts and increases the square timber that corresponds cross-sectional height and width between K board (wall body position) or C groove (roof beam position) and lower part template and supply, the square timber surface is fixed through drawing the screw rod every 600mm interval, it is firm to guarantee that square timber and aluminum alloy template are fixed, prevent to take place to rise the mould phenomenon because of concrete lateral pressure in concrete placement process.
When concrete placement is carried out, adopt the vibrator fully to vibrate, wall body and roof are once pour, have both guaranteed concrete structure's wholeness, have improved structural security, do not produce the construction joint simultaneously, have avoided the top floor room to take place the seepage problem in the owner's use of later stage, influence service function.
Comprehensive benefits
1. The non-standard top floor of the high-rise dwelling house adopts the aluminum alloy formwork and the square timber combination system for construction, the wood formwork is adopted for construction in comparison with the traditional method, the formwork usage amount of one floor is saved, meanwhile, the aluminum alloy formwork support system is adopted, the steel pipes, fasteners and other formwork support materials are not required to enter the building again, and the lease expense and the formwork usage amount are saved
2. The method is characterized in that an aluminum alloy formwork is adopted to construct a standard floor of a high-rise residence, when a non-standard floor of a top floor is constructed, a wood formwork is required to be adopted for construction according to a traditional construction method, if workers constructing an aluminum formwork are not skilled in the construction of the wood formwork, long time is probably spent to know and familiarize drawings and construction processes, the wood formwork is adopted for construction, formwork expansion and slurry leakage are easy to occur due to poor reinforcement and abutted seam, the appearance and the component size of concrete after formwork removal are poorer than those of the aluminum formwork, and special polishing and repairing are required to be carried out in the later stage
3. The aluminum alloy formwork is adopted for construction, the characteristics of high rigidity and convenience in mounting and dismounting of the aluminum alloy formwork can be utilized to bring out part of the modeling column, the reverse ridge, the constructional column and the secondary structure outer wall at one time in the construction stage of the main structure, the labor of the secondary structure is reduced, the leakage problem of the outer wall is effectively solved, the maintenance cost is greatly reduced, the appearance quality of the cast concrete structure after the formwork is dismounted is good, the section size and the position of the structural member meet the design requirements, and meanwhile, the time for erecting the formwork and processing and assembling the formwork during the construction of the wood formwork is saved.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a high-rise building non-standard layer aluminum alloy template side wood integrated configuration which characterized in that: including side aluminum alloy template (1), top aluminum alloy template (8), be equipped with support square timber (2) at side aluminum alloy template (1) top, support square timber (2) top and be equipped with turning aluminum alloy template, turning aluminum alloy template include upper plate (6) and vertical fixation curb plate (5), upper plate (6) outer end is equipped with top connecting plate (7), top connecting plate (7) are connected through bolt and top aluminum alloy template (8), curb plate (5) lower extreme is equipped with end connecting plate (3), be support square timber (2) between end connecting plate (3) and side aluminum alloy template (1), and support square timber (2) face and side aluminum alloy template and curb plate parallel and level towards concrete one side, end connecting plate (3) and side aluminum alloy template (1) connect through split bolt (12).
2. The high-rise building non-standard layer aluminum alloy template square timber composite structure of claim 1, characterized in that: a supporting rod (11) is arranged below the top aluminum alloy template (8), a sleeve (10) with the same height as the square timber is arranged on the upper portion of the supporting rod (11), and the top of the sleeve (10) is connected with the top aluminum alloy template (8).
3. The high-rise building non-standard layer aluminum alloy template square timber composite structure of claim 1, characterized in that: an L-shaped reinforcing plate (4) is vertically arranged in the corner aluminum alloy template.
CN201922266638.0U 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building Active CN211622587U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922266638.0U CN211622587U (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113482322A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-08 河南省第二建设集团有限公司 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure
CN113503016A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-10-15 中建二局第三建筑工程有限公司 Plug-in type thin formwork assembly capable of being turned over and construction method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113503016A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-10-15 中建二局第三建筑工程有限公司 Plug-in type thin formwork assembly capable of being turned over and construction method thereof
CN113482322A (en) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-08 河南省第二建设集团有限公司 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure

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