CN113482322A - Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure - Google Patents

Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113482322A
CN113482322A CN202110765689.7A CN202110765689A CN113482322A CN 113482322 A CN113482322 A CN 113482322A CN 202110765689 A CN202110765689 A CN 202110765689A CN 113482322 A CN113482322 A CN 113482322A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
formwork
wood
wall
template
aluminum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110765689.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔天有
马池勇
苗艳杰
刘海霞
徐卫辉
宋万平
刘玉硕
苗彦镇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan DR Construction Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan DR Construction Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan DR Construction Group Co Ltd filed Critical Henan DR Construction Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202110765689.7A priority Critical patent/CN113482322A/en
Publication of CN113482322A publication Critical patent/CN113482322A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G9/06Forming boards or similar elements the form surface being of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/08Forms, which are completely dismantled after setting of the concrete and re-built for next pouring
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/001Corner fastening or connecting means for forming or stiffening elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G9/04Forming boards or similar elements the form surface being of wood

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of construction of constructional engineering, in particular to a construction method for combining an aluminum formwork and a wood formwork for a non-standard layer structure.

Description

Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction of constructional engineering, in particular to a construction method for combining an aluminum template and a wood template for a non-standard layer structure.
Background
The building template is an important tool for concrete structure engineering construction. In the cast-in-place concrete structure engineering, the proportion of the template engineering to the concrete structure engineering is higher, and the construction period is longer. The optimized template engineering construction method has great influence on reducing the engineering construction cost and shortening the construction period.
At present, the use of aluminum mould construction process on high-rise building is more and more popularized, but because aluminum mould cost is high, a building only can design the template that one set of standard layer used, but a high-rise often has some non-standard layers, for example bottom wall length is different with the standard layer, top floor height is generally higher than the standard layer, aluminum mould can't use when non-standard layer construction, use wooden form, generally only once, wooden form is joined in marriage the mould and has been increased engineering cost and time limit for a project, and aluminum mould is idle in the construction of non-standard layer, also cause certain wasting of resources.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a construction method for combining an aluminum formwork with a wood formwork for a non-standard layer structure, which solves the problem of combination construction of the aluminum formwork with the wood formwork for the non-standard layer structure.
The technical scheme is that the construction method for combining the aluminum template and the wood template for the non-standard layer structure comprises the following steps:
s1: designing a construction scheme: based on the design of the existing standard layer aluminum template, designing a wall end template structure implementation method when the thicknesses of the shear walls are different according to at least one condition of increasing the beam, increasing the thickness of the shear wall and increasing the wall height of a non-standard layer relative to a standard layer; 2. designing a wall template heightening implementation method when the wall height is increased; 3. designing beam and plate templates when the shape of the top plate changes; 4. designing a floor slab formwork support system; determining a final non-standard layer template design scheme;
s2: preparing an aluminum alloy template, processing a matched wood template, and binding the steel bars of the wall and the column;
s3: carrying out measurement paying-off, field lofting and inspection or deviation correction on the constructed floors, and then installing the wall aluminum alloy template according to a design scheme;
s4: according to the height of the non-standard layer, heightening wall aluminum alloy templates at different layer heights by using a wood template; according to the thickness change of the local wall body of the non-standard layer, the wall end is supported by combining a wood template and an aluminum alloy template; beam slab formwork installation is carried out according to the added beams of the non-standard layer;
s5: erecting a floor slab template, and checking and accepting the template;
s6: pouring concrete;
s7: and (5) carrying out construction measurement.
Further, when performing the construction measurement, performing: 1. floor axis guiding and measuring: the building axis control adopts an internal control method, and a laser plummet apparatus and a total station are equipped; a laser plummet instrument is adopted to determine a plane control point, and a total station is used to emit a building axis control line; sequentially measuring the side line of the wall and the control lines with the two sides of 200mm by using a steel ruler according to the control lines; the composite measurement paying-off precision is within an allowable error range;
2. and (3) floor elevation guiding and measuring: hanging a steel tape at the +/-0.00 position of the building or the position of the measured elevation control point, and measuring a floor height control line according to the required elevation and the reading of the steel tape, namely the elevation guiding measurement is successful; the relative elevation of the working floor is usually raised by 500m to serve as a floor control elevation.
Furthermore, the specific steps of the aluminum template installation are as follows:
1. unloading the template of the Nth layer of standard layer: (the part below the standard layer is the first receiving part) requires stacking according to the specification and the size; the components are stacked and arranged orderly according to the numbers so as to be convenient for distinguishing and assembling according to a template design drawing; when stacking, the first template plate at the bottom is ensured to face upwards; all the pins, the wedges, the wall mold connecting pieces, the PVC pipes and the like are properly classified and stored so as to be convenient to use;
2. carrying out horizontal measurement and correction on concrete floor concrete of the (N + 1) th floor (namely the constructed floor), wherein all horizontal measurements are based on a horizontal base point of the floor: the method comprises the following steps: during measurement, a positive (+) or a negative (-) is drawn on the floor to mark a measurement result as a basis for correcting the horizontal height; the concrete higher than the reference point along the wall line is ground to a proper horizontal height; at the position lower than the reference point along the wall line, the support part of the template needs to be filled with the template or mortar; the corners and low in the walls must be fully packed; the assembled template can stride across the lower position, the concrete surface is higher than the reference point, and the concrete surface must be polished to correct levelness;
3. according to the wall form that installs earlier and be the same with standard layer position and wall thickness, the installation of wall post aluminium template is carried out to the principle of the long wall form that changes of back installation wall thickness and wall, and more specific installation step is:
1) all the formworks are installed from the corners, so that the formworks can be kept stable laterally;
2) when the corner is stable and the inner corner mold is positioned according to the lofting line, the whole wall mold is installed, and when the wall mold is connected with the inner corner mold, the pin head part is required to be arranged in the inner corner mold as much as possible, so that the wall mold is convenient to disassemble;
3) before the mold is sealed, a PVC sleeve is sleeved on the wall mold split bolt in advance;
4) when the position and the verticality of the wall form deviate, the wall form must be adjusted to a correct position.
Furthermore, the top layer of the non-standard layer is generally higher than the standard layer by about 10cm, and according to the actual height of the non-standard layer, the wooden mold is adopted to heighten the wooden molds of the wall aluminum alloy templates at different positions of the layer height, and the method specifically comprises the following steps:
1) after BIM modeling is utilized, difference node analysis is carried out, and the height change of a wall body, the plane of a floor slab and the change position of a beam are found out, so that template structure change measures are definitely taken for the change position;
2) erecting a wall aluminum formwork, and then constructing a heightened wall wood formwork; the heightening wall wood mold is made of square wood, the height is the same as the height increased by a non-standard layer, the thickness is the same as the thickness of the aluminum mold, holes are punched at the vertical position of the heightening wall wood mold corresponding to pin holes at the end part of the wall aluminum template, and the number of the pin holes is about 50 cm;
3) placing a newly-added heightening wall wood mold at the top or the bottom of a wall aluminum template, placing an aluminum mold C groove at the upper part of the wall aluminum template when the heightening wall wood mold is placed at the top of the wall aluminum template, placing an aluminum mold C groove at the lower part of the wall aluminum template when the heightening wall wood mold is placed at the bottom of the wall aluminum template, and connecting the wall aluminum template, the heightening wall wood mold and the aluminum mold C groove into a whole by using a second bolt, wherein the diameter of the second bolt is slightly smaller than that of an aluminum mold pin hole by 1-2mm so as to smoothly penetrate, screw a nut, and fasten the bolt up and down firmly to complete the heightening of the wall template structure;
4) after the wall formworks are installed, a top formwork is installed, and the formworks are connected through pins to form a whole;
5) and rechecking the elevation of the top plate and the bottom of the beam, if the elevation of the bottom of the beam changes, paving a wood template to the designed elevation at the bottom of the beam, binding the reinforcing steel bars of the top plate, and pouring concrete, so that the aim of lifting the bottom of the beam is fulfilled.
Furthermore, according to the thickness change of the local wall body of the non-standard layer, the wall end is supported by combining a wood template and an aluminum alloy template, the end part of the wall end and the side surface of the wall end are locally provided with the wood template, and the original aluminum template support system is continuously used;
the wall formwork structure at the position where the wall thickness of the nonstandard layer is different from that of the standard layer is implemented as follows:
1) the method comprises the following steps that (1) templates with the same positions and wall thicknesses as standard layer templates in wall templates are firstly installed, and then structural processing at local change positions is carried out (the installation completion can be carried out in a certain area or a certain section of wall, and not all the wall bodies can be carried out after the installation is completed);
2) after the thickness of the local wall is changed, the end template of the standard layer can not be used any more, the end wooden template is processed into the width matched with the wall thickness to replace the original designed aluminum template, and is bolted with the wall aluminum template by adopting a first bolt;
3) the length of the side mold of the standard layer aluminum mold wall body is changed due to the change of the wall thickness, the side mold is changed into a wall body wood template, and the end wood template is connected with the wall board wood template by using wood screws;
4) the end wood formwork is reinforced by matching square wood with split bolts, and the split bolts are fixed on the transverse back ridges through screwing nuts;
5) and after the end formwork of the wall with the wall thickness change is installed, transverse back edges are arranged and reinforced according to the standard layer aluminum formwork construction process.
Further, beam slab formwork installation is carried out according to the added beams of the non-standard layer: the newly added beam formwork is erected by adopting a wood formwork, the floor slab is also installed by adopting the wood formwork, and after the wall aluminum formwork is installed, the beam formwork is installed firstly, and then the wood formwork is installed;
(1) the connection mode of the wood pattern and the aluminum pattern at the beam opening is as follows:
1) the method comprises the following steps of (1) replacing an aluminum template at the interface of a beam template and a concrete wall (or a main beam) with a beam opening wood template, wherein the beam opening wood template is made of a wood board with the same thickness as the aluminum template, after the size and the position of the beam opening wood template are determined, drilling pin holes in the wood template by penetrating pin holes of the aluminum template through an electric drill, wherein the hole diameter is basically consistent with the pin holes, and the depth is about 10 mm;
2) and (3) inserting a special cylinder pin into a newly punched pin hole on a newly prepared beam opening wood template at the beam opening through a pin hole on the aluminum die frame. The pin hole is large, so that relative displacement can still be generated by directly fixing the wood die and the aluminum die by using a screw, and a sufficient positioning effect is achieved;
3) connecting the beam opening wood formwork and the wall body aluminum formwork tightly by using wood screws through special cylinder pins to complete the connection of the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork at the beam opening;
(2) the concrete method for splicing the floor plank wooden template and the aluminum template comprises the following steps:
1) firstly, performing elevation rechecking on the top surfaces of the concrete wall and the beam formwork, and then installing a wood formwork after the concrete wall and the beam formwork are error-free;
2) the top plate wood mold is connected with the aluminum mold through a square wood and an aluminum mold C groove, and then a wood template is nailed on the square wood to realize firm connection;
3) punching holes on the square timber, wherein the hole diameter is basically consistent with that of the pin holes, and the top of the square timber is reserved with the thickness of a wood template so as to ensure that the wood template is level with the top surface of the C groove of the aluminum mold;
4) a third customized bolt penetrates through pin holes in the square wood and the aluminum die frame, and a nut is fastened to connect the square wood and the aluminum die into a whole;
5) erecting a top plate formwork support, wherein the formwork support mainly comprises a wood formwork top plate vertical support, a horizontal pull rod, a height adjusting base and square wood;
6) and paving the wooden template on the support, and nailing the wooden template and the square wood together by adopting the iron nails to form a stable template structure, thereby finishing the erection of the wooden template.
The invention has the technical effects that according to different structural forms of the non-standard layer, the standard layer aluminum formwork wall body and the top plate are supported by the wood formwork, fixing measures are taken between the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork, the original design supporting system is adopted for part of the aluminum formwork which is not changed, the lower end of the newly-added top plate wood formwork is provided with the vertical supporting piece, the wall plate supporting pieces are arranged at two sides of the newly-added wall plate wood formwork, and the structure of the combination between the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork during the construction of the non-standard layer is utilized to the maximum extent, so that the workload of completely and newly allocating the wood formwork is reduced, the overall cost is greatly reduced, and the construction cost is advanced in the construction of combining the non-standard layer aluminum formwork and the wood formwork in China.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the end structure of the present invention when the wall thickness is different.
Figure 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a wall panel riser structure of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a schematic view of a structural joint of the wall panel of the present invention as it is raised.
FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of the combination structure of the aluminum wall panel and the wood roof panel according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the combination structure of the aluminum mould wall plate and the wood mould top plate.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the joint of the aluminum mould wall plate and the wood mould top plate.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the wood pattern and the aluminum pattern according to the present invention.
In the figure: 11. end wooden forms; 14. wall aluminum formwork; 15. a first bolt; 16. oppositely pulling the bolts; 17 diagonal brace rods; 18 transverse back edges; 19. wall wood formwork; 110. a wood screw; 21. a wallboard heightening node; 22. a concrete wall; 23. the (N-1) th layer of concrete floor slab; 24. an aluminum mold vertical support rod; 25. a top template; 26. top plate concrete; 211. heightening a wall wood formwork; 212. a second bolt; 213. a nut; 214. an aluminum die C groove; 401. a wood template; 402. a beam template; 51. the aluminum mould wallboard is combined with the wood mould top plate; 52. vertically supporting a top plate of the wood formwork; 53. a horizontal pull rod; 54. a height adjustment base; 55. square wood; 512. a third bolt; 71. aluminum die side ribs; 72. a pin hole; 73. a beam opening wood template; 74. a barrel pin; 75. a wood screw; 76. a pin hole.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicating the directions or positional relationships are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, which are only for convenience of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and "fourth" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Furthermore, it should be noted that, in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The first embodiment is as follows: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, a method for combining an aluminum formwork and a wood formwork for a non-standard layer structure includes the following steps:
s1: designing a construction scheme: based on the design of the existing standard layer aluminum template, designing a wall end template structure implementation method when the thicknesses of the shear walls are different according to at least one condition of increasing the beam, increasing the thickness of the shear wall and increasing the wall height of a non-standard layer relative to a standard layer; 2. designing a wall template heightening implementation method when the wall height is increased; 3. designing beam and plate templates when the shape of the top plate changes; 4. designing a floor slab formwork support system; determining a final non-standard layer template design scheme;
s2: preparing an aluminum alloy template, processing a matched wood template, and binding the steel bars of the wall and the column;
s3: carrying out measurement paying-off, field lofting and inspection or deviation correction on the constructed floors, and then installing the wall aluminum alloy template according to a design scheme;
s4: according to the height of the non-standard layer, heightening wall aluminum alloy templates at different layer heights by using a wood template; according to the thickness change of the local wall body of the non-standard layer, the wall end is supported by combining a wood template and an aluminum alloy template; beam slab formwork installation is carried out according to the added beams of the non-standard layer;
s5: erecting a floor slab template, and checking and accepting the template;
s6: pouring concrete;
s7: and (5) carrying out construction measurement.
Further, when performing the construction measurement, performing: 1. floor axis guiding and measuring: the building axis control adopts an internal control method, and a laser plummet apparatus and a total station are equipped; a laser plummet instrument is adopted to determine a plane control point, and a total station is used to emit a building axis control line; sequentially measuring the side line of the wall and the control lines with the two sides of 200mm by using a steel ruler according to the control lines; the composite measurement paying-off precision is within an allowable error range;
2. and (3) floor elevation guiding and measuring: hanging a steel tape at the +/-0.00 position of the building or the position of the measured elevation control point, and measuring a floor height control line according to the required elevation and the reading of the steel tape, namely the elevation guiding measurement is successful; the relative elevation of the working floor is usually raised by 500m to serve as a floor control elevation.
Furthermore, the specific steps of the aluminum template installation are as follows:
1. unloading the template of the Nth layer of standard layer: (the part below the standard layer is the first receiving part) requires stacking according to the specification and the size; the components are stacked and arranged orderly according to the numbers so as to be convenient for distinguishing and assembling according to a template design drawing; when stacking, the first template plate at the bottom is ensured to face upwards; all the pins, the wedges, the wall mold connecting pieces, the PVC pipes and the like are properly classified and stored so as to be convenient to use;
2. the concrete of the (N + 1) th concrete floor 23 (namely the constructed floor) is horizontally measured and corrected, and all the horizontal measurements are based on the horizontal base point of the floor: the method comprises the following steps: during measurement, a positive (+) or a negative (-) is drawn on the floor to mark a measurement result as a basis for correcting the horizontal height; the concrete higher than the reference point along the wall line is ground to a proper horizontal height; at the position lower than the reference point along the wall line, the support part of the template needs to be filled with the template or mortar; the corners and low in the walls must be fully packed; the assembled template can stride across the lower position, the concrete surface is higher than the reference point, and the concrete surface must be polished to correct levelness;
3. according to the wall form that installs earlier and be the same with standard layer position and wall thickness, the installation of wall post aluminium template is carried out to the principle of the long wall form that changes of back installation wall thickness and wall, and more specific installation step is:
1) all the formworks are installed from the corners, so that the formworks can be kept stable laterally;
2) when the corner is stable and the inner corner mold is positioned according to the lofting line, the whole wall mold is installed, and when the wall mold is connected with the inner corner mold, the pin head part is required to be arranged in the inner corner mold as much as possible, so that the wall mold is convenient to disassemble;
3) before the mold is sealed, a PVC sleeve is sleeved on the wall mold split bolt in advance;
4) when the position and the verticality of the wall form deviate, the wall form must be adjusted to a correct position.
Furthermore, the top layer of the non-standard layer is generally higher than the standard layer by about 10cm, and according to the actual height of the non-standard layer, the wooden mold is adopted to heighten the wooden molds of the wall aluminum alloy templates at different positions of the layer height, and the method specifically comprises the following steps:
1) after BIM modeling is utilized, difference node analysis is carried out, and the height change of a wall body, the plane of a floor slab and the change position of a beam are found out, so that template structure change measures are definitely taken for the change position;
2) erecting the wall aluminum formwork 14, and then constructing the heightening wall wood formwork 211; the heightening wall wood mold 211 is made of square wood, the height is the same as the height increased by a non-standard layer, the thickness is the same as the thickness of an aluminum mold, holes are punched at the vertical position of the heightening wall wood mold 211 corresponding to pin holes at the end part of the wall aluminum template 14, and the number of the pin holes is about 50 cm;
3) placing a newly added heightening wall wood pattern 211 at the top or the bottom of a wall aluminum template 14, placing an aluminum pattern C groove 214 at the upper part of the wall aluminum template 14 when the heightening wall wood pattern 211 is placed at the top of the wall aluminum template 14, placing the aluminum pattern C groove 214 at the lower part of the wall aluminum template 14 when the heightening wall wood pattern 211 is placed at the bottom of the wall aluminum template 14, connecting the wall aluminum template 14, the heightening wall wood pattern 211 and the aluminum pattern C groove 214 into a whole by using a second bolt 212, wherein the diameter of the second bolt 212 is slightly smaller than that of an aluminum pattern pin hole by 1-2mm so as to smoothly penetrate, screwing a nut 213, fastening the upper part and the lower part firmly, and heightening the wall template structure;
4) after the wall formworks are installed, the top formworks 25 are installed, and the formworks are connected by pins to form a whole;
5) and rechecking the elevation of the top plate and the bottom of the beam, if the elevation of the bottom of the beam changes, paving a wood template to the designed elevation at the bottom of the beam, binding the reinforcing steel bars of the top plate, and pouring concrete, so that the aim of lifting the bottom of the beam is fulfilled.
Furthermore, according to the thickness change of the local wall body of the non-standard layer, the wall end is supported by combining a wood template and an aluminum alloy template, the end part of the wall end and the side surface of the wall end are locally provided with the wood template, and the original aluminum template support system is continuously used;
the wall formwork structure at the position where the wall thickness of the nonstandard layer is different from that of the standard layer is implemented as follows:
1) the method comprises the following steps that (1) templates with the same positions and wall thicknesses as standard layer templates in wall templates are firstly installed, and then structural processing at local change positions is carried out (the installation completion can be carried out in a certain area or a certain section of wall, and not all the wall bodies can be carried out after the installation is completed);
2) after the thickness of the local wall is changed, the end template of the standard layer can not be used any more, the end wooden template 11 is processed into a width matched with the wall thickness to replace the original designed aluminum template, and is bolted with the wall aluminum template 14 by adopting a first bolt 15;
3) the length of the side mold of the standard layer aluminum mold wall body is changed due to the change of the wall thickness, the side mold is changed into a wall body wood template 19, and the end wood template 11 is connected with the wall board wood template 19 by using wood screws 110;
4) the end wooden template 11 is reinforced by matching square timbers 55 with split bolts 16, and the split bolts 16 are fixed on the transverse back ridges 18 through screwing nuts;
5) and after the end formwork of the wall with the wall thickness change is installed, transverse back edges are arranged and reinforced according to the standard layer aluminum formwork construction process.
Further, beam slab formwork installation is carried out according to the added beams of the non-standard layer: the newly added beam formwork 402 is erected by adopting a wood formwork, the floor slab is also installed by adopting the wood formwork 401, after the wall aluminum formwork 14 is installed, the beam formwork 402 is installed firstly, and then the wood formwork 401 is installed;
(1) the connection mode of the wood pattern and the aluminum pattern at the beam opening is as follows:
1) the aluminum template at the interface of the beam template 402 and the concrete wall 22 (or the main beam) is replaced by a beam opening wood template 73, the beam opening wood template 73 is made of a wood board with the same thickness as the aluminum template, after the size and the position of the beam opening wood template 73 are determined, an electric drill is used for penetrating through the pin holes 72 of the aluminum template to drill pin holes 76 in the wood template, the hole diameter is basically consistent with the pin holes, and the depth is about 10 mm;
2) special barrel pins 74 are inserted through pin holes 72 in the aluminum die frame 71 into newly drilled pin holes 76 in a newly prepared beam opening wood die plate 73 at the beam opening. The pin hole is large, so that relative displacement can still be generated by directly fixing the wood die and the aluminum die by using a screw, and a sufficient positioning effect is achieved;
3) the beam opening wood formwork 73 is tightly connected with the wall aluminum formwork 14 by using wood screws 75 to penetrate through the special cylinder pins 74; connecting the aluminum mould and the wood template at the beam opening;
(2) the concrete method for splicing the floor plank wooden template and the aluminum template comprises the following steps:
1) firstly, performing elevation rechecking on the top surfaces of the concrete wall 22 and the beam formwork, and then installing the wood formwork after no error exists;
2) the top plate wood pattern is connected with the aluminum pattern through square wood 55 and an aluminum pattern C groove 214, and then the wood pattern plate 401 is nailed on the square wood 55 to realize firm connection;
3) punching holes on the square timber 55, wherein the hole diameter is basically consistent with that of the pin holes 72, and the thickness of a wood template 401 is reserved at the top of the square timber to ensure that the wood template is level with the top surface of the aluminum mould C groove 214;
4) a third customized bolt 512 is adopted to penetrate through the square timber 55 and the pin hole 72 on the aluminum mould frame 71, and a nut is fastened to connect the square timber 55 and the aluminum mould frame into a whole;
5) a top plate template support is erected, and the template support mainly comprises a wood template top plate vertical support 52, a horizontal pull rod 53, a height adjusting base 54 and square wood 55;
6) and paving a wood template 401 on the support, and nailing the wood template 401 and the square wood 55 together by iron nails to form a stable template structure, thereby completing the erection of the wood template.
The invention has the technical effects that according to different structural forms of the non-standard layer, the standard layer aluminum formwork wall body and the top plate are supported by the wood formwork, fixing measures are taken between the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork, the original design supporting system is adopted for part of the aluminum formwork which is not changed, the lower end of the newly-added top plate wood formwork is provided with the vertical supporting piece, the wall plate supporting pieces are arranged at two sides of the newly-added wall plate wood formwork, and the structure of the combination between the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork during the construction of the non-standard layer is utilized to the maximum extent, so that the workload of completely and newly allocating the wood formwork is reduced, the overall cost is greatly reduced, and the construction cost is advanced in the construction of combining the non-standard layer aluminum formwork and the wood formwork in China.
The present invention has been described in detail with reference to the specific embodiments and examples, but these are not intended to limit the present invention. Many variations and modifications may be made by one of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the principles of the present invention, which should also be considered as within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A construction method for combining an aluminum formwork with a wood formwork for a non-standard layer structure is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: designing a construction scheme: determining a non-standard layer template design scheme according to at least one condition of increasing a beam, increasing the thickness of a shear wall and increasing the wall height relative to a standard layer, which is made by a non-standard layer relative to the standard layer, on the basis of the existing standard layer aluminum template design;
s2: preparing an aluminum alloy template, processing a matched wood template, and binding the steel bars of the wall and the column;
s3: carrying out measurement paying-off, field lofting and inspection or deviation correction on the constructed floors, and then installing the wall aluminum alloy template according to a design scheme;
s4: according to the height of the non-standard layer, heightening wall aluminum alloy templates at different layer heights by using a wood template; according to the thickness change of the local wall body of the non-standard layer, the wall end is supported by combining a wood template and an aluminum alloy template; beam slab formwork installation is carried out according to the added beams of the non-standard layer;
s5: erecting a floor slab template, and checking and accepting the template;
s6: pouring concrete;
s7: and (5) carrying out construction measurement.
2. The construction method for combining the aluminum formwork with the wood formwork for the non-standard layer structure according to claim 1, wherein the concrete steps of the installation of the aluminum formwork are as follows:
1) unloading the template of the Nth layer of standard layer;
2) carrying out horizontal measurement and correction on the concrete of the (N + 1) th layer of concrete floor slab, wherein all horizontal measurements take the horizontal base point of the layer as a reference;
3) and (3) installing the wall column aluminum formwork according to the principle that the wall formwork with the same position as the standard layer and the wall thickness is installed firstly and then the wall formwork with the wall thickness and the wall length changed is installed.
3. The aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for the nonstandard layer structure is characterized in that according to the height of the nonstandard layer, the wood formwork is adopted to heighten the wood formwork of the wall aluminum alloy formwork at different layer heights, and specifically the method comprises the following steps:
1) after BIM modeling is utilized, difference node analysis is carried out, and the height change of a wall body, the plane of a floor slab and the change position of a beam are found out, so that template structure change measures are definitely taken for the change position;
2) erecting a wall aluminum formwork, and then constructing a heightened wall wood formwork; the height of the heightening wall wood pattern is the same as the height of the non-standard layer, the thickness of the heightening wall wood pattern is the same as the thickness of the aluminum pattern, and holes are punched at the vertical positions of the heightening wall wood pattern, which correspond to pin holes at the end part of the wall aluminum template;
3) placing the newly added heightening wall wood formwork on the top or the bottom of the wall aluminum formwork, placing the aluminum formwork C groove at the wall aluminum formwork, connecting the wall aluminum formwork, the heightening wall wood formwork and the aluminum formwork C groove into a whole by using a second bolt, screwing a nut, and fastening firmly up and down to complete heightening of the wall formwork structure;
4) after the wall formworks are installed, installing a top formwork, and connecting the formworks by using pins to form a whole;
5) and rechecking the elevation of the top plate and the bottom of the beam, if the elevation of the bottom of the beam changes, paving a wood template at the bottom of the beam to the designed elevation, binding the reinforcing steel bars of the top plate, and pouring concrete, so that the purpose of lifting the bottom of the beam is achieved.
4. The method for combining and constructing the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork for the nonstandard layer structure according to claim 1, wherein the wall end of the wall formwork structure at the position with different wall thicknesses is erected by combining the wood formwork and the aluminum alloy formwork according to the local wall thickness change of the nonstandard layer structure, and the method is implemented as follows:
1) firstly, installing templates with the same positions and wall thicknesses as the templates of the standard layer in the wall templates, and then carrying out structural treatment on local change positions;
2) processing the end wooden template into a width matched with the wall thickness to replace an original designed aluminum template, and bolting the end wooden template with the wall aluminum template by adopting a first bolt;
3) the length of the side mold of the standard layer aluminum mold wall body is changed due to the change of the wall thickness, the side mold is changed into a wall body wood template, and the end wood template is connected with the wall board wood template by using wood screws;
4) the end wood formwork is reinforced by matching square wood with split bolts, and the split bolts are fixed on the transverse back ridges through screwing nuts;
5) and after the end formwork of the wall with the wall thickness change is installed, transverse back edges are arranged and reinforced according to the standard layer aluminum formwork construction process.
5. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the beam-slab formwork is installed by adding beams according to the nonstandard layer, the newly added beam formwork is supported by using a plank formwork, the floor slab is also installed by using a plank formwork, and after the installation of the wall aluminum formwork is completed, the beam formwork is installed first, and then the plank formwork is installed.
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the method comprises constructing the aluminum form and the wood form in combination,
(1) the connection mode of the wood pattern and the aluminum pattern at the beam opening is as follows:
1) the method comprises the following steps of (1) replacing an aluminum template at the interface of a beam template and a concrete wall (or a main beam) with a beam opening wood template, wherein the beam opening wood template is made of a wood board with the same thickness as the aluminum template, and after the size and the position of the beam opening wood template are determined, drilling pin holes in the wood template by penetrating pin holes of the aluminum template through an electric drill;
2) inserting a special cylinder pin into a newly punched pin hole on a newly prepared beam opening wood template at a beam opening through a pin hole on an aluminum mold frame;
3) connecting the beam opening wood formwork and the wall body aluminum formwork tightly by using wood screws through special cylinder pins to complete the connection of the aluminum formwork and the wood formwork at the beam opening;
(2) the concrete method for splicing the floor plank wooden template and the aluminum template comprises the following steps:
1) firstly, performing elevation rechecking on the top surfaces of the concrete wall and the beam formwork, and installing a wood formwork after no error exists;
2) the top plate wood mold is connected with the aluminum mold through a square wood and an aluminum mold C groove, and then a wood template is nailed on the square wood to realize firm connection;
3) punching holes on the square timber, wherein the hole diameter is basically consistent with that of the pin holes, and the top of the square timber is reserved with the thickness of a wood template so as to ensure that the wood template is level with the top surface of the C groove of the aluminum mold;
4) a third customized bolt penetrates through pin holes in the square wood and the aluminum die frame, and a nut is fastened to connect the square wood and the aluminum die into a whole;
5) erecting a top plate formwork support, wherein the formwork support mainly comprises a wood formwork top plate vertical support, a horizontal pull rod, a height adjusting base and square wood;
6) and paving the wooden template on the support, and nailing the wooden template and the square wood together by adopting the iron nails to form a stable template structure, thereby finishing the erection of the wooden template.
CN202110765689.7A 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure Pending CN113482322A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110765689.7A CN113482322A (en) 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110765689.7A CN113482322A (en) 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113482322A true CN113482322A (en) 2021-10-08

Family

ID=77941679

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110765689.7A Pending CN113482322A (en) 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113482322A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114856164A (en) * 2022-04-25 2022-08-05 北京崇建工程有限公司 Non-standard layer aluminum formwork construction method
CN114892960A (en) * 2022-04-25 2022-08-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Oil-immersed reinforced shear wall shaping wood formwork and construction method thereof

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110000140U (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-01-06 강석환 Structure for connection unit of aluminum foam panel
CN207377118U (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-05-18 山西一建集团有限公司 Agent structure increases a layer aluminum alloy mould plate jacking apparatus
CN109680938A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-26 中天建设集团有限公司 A kind of nonstandard layer aluminum wood steel combination template and its construction method, building
CN110005192A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-12 上海建工一建集团有限公司 Concrete floor aluminium, plank sheathing splicing construction and its installation method
CN111305550A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 北京天润建设有限公司 Aluminum-wood mixed template structure and construction method thereof
CN211622587U (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-10-02 山西四建集团有限公司 Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building
CN211873807U (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-11-06 珠海宝冶建设有限公司 Aluminum mould wood pattern connector

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110000140U (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-01-06 강석환 Structure for connection unit of aluminum foam panel
CN207377118U (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-05-18 山西一建集团有限公司 Agent structure increases a layer aluminum alloy mould plate jacking apparatus
CN109680938A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-04-26 中天建设集团有限公司 A kind of nonstandard layer aluminum wood steel combination template and its construction method, building
CN110005192A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-12 上海建工一建集团有限公司 Concrete floor aluminium, plank sheathing splicing construction and its installation method
CN211622587U (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-10-02 山西四建集团有限公司 Square-wood combined structure of aluminum alloy template of non-standard layer of high-rise building
CN211873807U (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-11-06 珠海宝冶建设有限公司 Aluminum mould wood pattern connector
CN111305550A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 北京天润建设有限公司 Aluminum-wood mixed template structure and construction method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114856164A (en) * 2022-04-25 2022-08-05 北京崇建工程有限公司 Non-standard layer aluminum formwork construction method
CN114892960A (en) * 2022-04-25 2022-08-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Oil-immersed reinforced shear wall shaping wood formwork and construction method thereof
CN114892960B (en) * 2022-04-25 2023-10-24 中国一冶集团有限公司 Oil-immersed reinforced shear wall shaping wood template and construction method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10837166B2 (en) Building structure and construction method for same
CN113482322A (en) Aluminum formwork and wood formwork combined construction method for non-standard layer structure
US20100242405A1 (en) Bookshelf building panel and method of construction
CN105863275A (en) Construction method for assembly type annular reinforcement buckling concrete shear wall system
CN112854745A (en) Construction process of assembled building aluminum alloy template
TWI698567B (en) Beam-column connection structure, method for connecting beam and column and construction structure using the beam-column connection
CN113931446B (en) Construction method of one-time pouring bay window formwork erecting structure
CN110821148B (en) Construction method of template combination system for non-standard layer
CN210685444U (en) Quick leveling, mounting and supporting device for prefabricated external wall panel
CN107165316A (en) It is a kind of be easily installed, the assembling type steel structure out-hung panel node that is molded and its construction technology
CN113266092A (en) Ultrahigh-floor wall body pouring method
CN108005381B (en) Reinforced structure of steel reinforced concrete template and construction method
US20090165408A1 (en) Construction elements and methods of construction
CN112196257A (en) Aluminum alloy formwork construction method for variable-storey-height building
CN110924678B (en) Construction method and device for large-span variable-section haunch plate template
CN114439231A (en) Construction method of fabricated building
CN112412067B (en) Accurate positioning method for prefabricated staircase
CN112942809A (en) Combined template assembling method capable of realizing mechanical construction
CN113846858A (en) Protection system for horizontal hole in building construction process and construction method
CN110397078B (en) Hole body formwork support system and installation method and dismantling method thereof
CN113969574A (en) Construction method of assembled type steel-inserted underground continuous wall
US3933962A (en) Manufacture of constructional components
CN216787893U (en) Prefabricated shear wall positioner
CN112412068B (en) Accurate positioning and assembling method for prefabricated staircase
CN211949567U (en) Wood mold height connecting structure for aluminum alloy template non-standard layer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20211008