CN211563135U - Novel crusher - Google Patents

Novel crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211563135U
CN211563135U CN201921567397.7U CN201921567397U CN211563135U CN 211563135 U CN211563135 U CN 211563135U CN 201921567397 U CN201921567397 U CN 201921567397U CN 211563135 U CN211563135 U CN 211563135U
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China
Prior art keywords
opening
shell
base
plate
frame
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Application number
CN201921567397.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺志强
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Shanghai Dingbo Heavy Industry Machinery Co ltd
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Shanghai Dingbo Heavy Industry Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921567397.7U priority Critical patent/CN211563135U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel crusher, belonging to the field of mining machinery, comprising a base and a casing, wherein a lining plate is arranged on the inner wall of the casing, and a grate is arranged at the bottom of the casing; the shell comprises a lower shell and two side-opening shells which can move relative to the lower shell, the lower shell is fixedly arranged on the base, and an opening and closing device for driving the side-opening shells to rotate is arranged on the base or the lower shell; a main shaft is arranged on the lower shell, a rotor frame is arranged on the main shaft, and a plurality of plate hammers are uniformly arranged on the rotor frame; the inner side wall of the side-opening shell is movably provided with a counterattack plate frame, the counterattack plate frame is provided with a counterattack plate, and the outer wall of the side-opening shell is provided with an adjusting rod for adjusting the counterattack plate frame; the side-opening machine shell is provided with a feeding hole, and the bottom of the feeding hole is provided with a baffle plate. The utility model relates to a rationally, simple structure, change and the maintenance time that can the inside welt of effectual reduction casing and flat hammer are favorable to improving production efficiency.

Description

Novel crusher
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a mining machinery, in particular to novel breaker.
Background
The crusher for mining industry is widely applied to various departments such as mines, smelting, building materials, highways, railways, water conservancy, chemical industry and the like. Mainly refers to a crushing machine with the particle size of more than three millimeters accounting for more than 50 percent of the total discharge amount in the discharge. At present, the main crushers in the market are impact crushers, hammer crushers and the like.
The impact crusher has the advantages of simple structure, large crushing ratio, low energy consumption, high yield, light weight, cubic finished product after crushing and the like, and is widely applied to the industries of various ore crushing, railways, highways, energy sources, cement, chemical industry, buildings and the like.
The impact crusher is a machine which utilizes the high-speed impact of a plate hammer and the rebound action of impact plates to lead materials to be repeatedly impacted and crushed, the plate hammer is fixedly arranged on a rotor rotating at high speed, and a plurality of impact plates are arranged along a crushing cavity according to different angles.
When the material enters the action zone of the plate hammer, the material is firstly impacted by the plate hammer for the first time to be crushed for the first time, and simultaneously obtains kinetic energy to impact the impact plate at a high speed. The material is collided with the impact plate and crushed again, and then rebounded to the action area of the plate hammer to be impacted by the plate hammer again. The above steps are repeated until the mixture is crushed into a desired particle size and discharged outside the machine.
The impact crusher has a larger crushing ratio than the hammer crusher, and can more fully utilize the high-speed impact energy of the entire rotor. However, the plate hammer is very easy to wear, so that the plate hammer needs to be frequently replaced in the existing impact crusher, and the shell of the existing impact crusher is a whole, so that the replacement process of the plate hammer and the replacement process of the internal parts of the shell are complex, the replacement time is long, and the production efficiency is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the inconvenient problem of changing spare part in board hammer and the casing of impact crusher that prior art exists, an object of the utility model is to provide a novel crusher.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is that:
a novel crusher comprises a base and a casing, wherein a lining plate is arranged on the inner wall of the casing, and grate bars are arranged at the bottom of the casing; the shell comprises a lower shell and two side-opening shells which are movable relative to the lower shell, the lower shell is fixedly arranged on the base, the two side-opening shells are arranged above the lower shell in a right-to-right mode, the side-opening shells are fixed on the base or the lower shell through a hinged base, and an opening and closing device for driving the side-opening shells to rotate is arranged on the base or the lower shell; a main shaft is arranged on the lower shell, a rotor frame is arranged on the main shaft, and a plurality of plate hammers are uniformly arranged on the rotor frame; the side-opening type shell is characterized in that a counterattack plate frame is movably mounted on the inner side wall of the side-opening type shell, a counterattack plate is mounted on the counterattack plate frame, and an adjusting rod for adjusting the counterattack plate frame is mounted on the outer wall of the side-opening type shell; the side-opening type shell is provided with a feeding hole, and a material baffle plate is arranged at the bottom of the feeding hole.
Preferably, one end of the impact plate frame is hinged with the inner wall of the side-opening shell, the other end of the impact plate frame is hinged with a sleeve, and the inner wall of the sleeve is provided with an internal thread; the outer wall of the adjusting rod is provided with an external thread matched with the internal thread; an adjusting frame is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the side-opening shell, and the adjusting rod is in threaded connection with the adjusting frame.
Preferably, the hinge base comprises a base body and a pin shaft, the base body is fixed on the base through bolts or welding, and pin holes matched with the pin shaft are formed in the side opening shell of the base body.
Preferably, the opening and closing device comprises an opening and closing motor, and the opening and closing motor is mechanically connected with the pin shaft.
In another preferred embodiment, the opening and closing device comprises a hydraulic cylinder, a cylinder body of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged to the lower casing, and an output end of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged to the side opening casing.
Furthermore, a power motor is installed on the base and is mechanically connected with the spindle.
Preferably, the free end of the side-opening housing is detachably connected.
Furthermore, the free ends of the two side-opening machine shells are provided with lock hook buckles.
By adopting the technical scheme, the three-part shell and the two side-opening shells which are movable relative to the lower part shell are arranged, so that the side-opening shell can be driven to rotate relative to the lower part shell through the opening and closing device, the shell is in an opening state, a worker can conveniently replace parts in the plate hammer and the shell, and the aims of reducing maintenance time and improving production efficiency are fulfilled.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
In the drawing, 1-base, 2-machine shell, 21-lower machine shell, 22-side opening machine shell, 3-power motor, 4-lining plate, 5-hinged base, 51-base body, 52-pin shaft, 6-main shaft, 7-rotor frame, 8-board hammer, 9-counterattack board, 10-counterattack board frame, 11-sleeve, 12-adjusting rod, 13-adjusting bracket, 14-feeding port, 15-material baffle plate and 16-fastening bolt.
Detailed Description
The following describes the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the description of the embodiments is provided to help understanding of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited thereto. In addition, the technical features related to the embodiments of the present invention described below may be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
As shown in fig. 1, a novel crusher comprises a base 1 and a casing 2, wherein the base 1 is used for bearing and installing the casing 2 and also used for installing a power motor 3, and generally, the base 1 is a steel frame structure and is fixed on the ground through foundation bolts;
a lining plate 4 is arranged on the inner wall of the casing 2, and a grate (not shown in the figure) for blanking is arranged at the bottom of the casing 2; the grate bars are usually arranged in a plurality of numbers, and the purpose of controlling the size of the ore crushing particle with efficiency is achieved by arranging gaps between the adjacent grate bars.
In this embodiment, the housing 2 is a non-integral structure, and includes a lower housing 21 and two side-opening housings 22 that are movable relative to the lower housing 21, specifically, in this embodiment, the side-opening housings 22 are movable relative to the lower housing 21 by installing the side-opening housings 22 on the hinge base 5 and rotating the side-opening housings to move relative to the lower housing 21;
more specifically, the lower housing 21 is fixedly mounted on the base 1, and the two side-opening housings 22 are arranged above the lower housing 21 in a face-to-face manner; while the hinge base 5 for mounting the side-opening housing 22 is fixed to the base 1 or the lower housing 21, the present embodiment is preferably mounted on the base 1; the hinged base 5 comprises a base body 51 and a pin shaft 52, the base body 51 is fixed on the base 1 through bolts or welding, and pin holes matched with the pin shaft 52 are formed in the base body 51 and the side opening machine shell 22;
in order to enable the side opening housing 22 to rotate to open and close, an opening and closing device (not shown in the figure) for driving the side opening housing 22 to rotate is installed on the base 1 or the lower housing 21, and the two opening and closing devices are respectively used for controlling the two side opening housings 22. In this embodiment, the opening and closing device includes an opening and closing motor, the opening and closing motor is installed on the base 1 through a bolt, and a motor shaft of the opening and closing motor is mechanically connected to the pin shaft 52, for example, a gear transmission mechanism or a device capable of transmitting torque and reducing speed such as a speed reducer and a coupling.
In another embodiment, the above-mentioned opening and closing device may also adopt a hydraulic cylinder, a cylinder body of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged on the lower case 21, and an output end of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged on the side opening case 22. The two ends of the hydraulic cylinder are hinged by adopting the structure the same as that of the hinged base 5.
The lower machine shell 21 is provided with a main shaft 6, the main shaft 6 is provided with a rotor frame 7, and the rotor frame 7 is uniformly provided with a plurality of plate hammers 8. Specifically, bearings are installed at two ends of the main shaft 6, and bearing seats are installed at two ends of the lower housing 21, and the main shaft 6 is rotatably connected with the lower housing 21 through the bearings. Meanwhile, the power motor 3 and the spindle 6 are mechanically connected to drive the spindle 6 to rotate, in this embodiment, the spindle 6 and the power motor 3 are connected through a belt transmission mechanism.
The utility model discloses a novel breaker still includes impact plate 9 and is used for installing impact plate 9's impact plate frame 10, and an tip of impact plate frame 10 articulates on the inside wall of side division casing 22, and another tip then articulates there is a sleeve 11, and impact plate frame 10 and side division casing 22 and with sleeve 11 between the hinge structure all be with foretell hinge base 5 the same structure. In this embodiment, the inner wall of the sleeve 11 is provided with an internal thread, and the free end thereof passes through the side opening case 22.
An adjusting rod 12 for adjusting the impact plate frame 10 is installed on the outer wall of the side-opening casing 22, in this embodiment, an adjusting support 13 is fixed on the outer wall of the side-opening casing 22 through a bolt or a welding way, the adjusting rod 12 is a threaded rod, the threaded rod is connected to the adjusting support 13 through a thread, and the lower end of the threaded rod extends into the sleeve 11 and is in thread fit with the sleeve 11. Therefore, the sleeve 11 can be driven to move in the axial direction by rotating the adjusting rod 12, so that the purpose of adjusting the angle of the impact plate frame 10 is achieved, and meanwhile, the sleeve 11 also has the function of preventing dregs such as dust and the like from being clamped into the threads. For more convenient adjustment, in this embodiment, a handle 13 is provided at the free end (upper end) of the adjustment lever 12.
In this embodiment, install feed inlet 14 on the side casing 22 of opening, the bottom of feed inlet 14 is provided with striker plate 15, and striker plate 15 is used for preventing the rubble in casing 2 from splashing.
In this embodiment, the striking plate frame 10 and the feeding opening 14 are disposed on the same side casing 22.
The two side opening housings 22 need to be tightly fitted without gaps when crushing materials, and therefore, in the embodiment, the free ends of the two side opening housings 22 are detachably connected and fixed, for example, by fastening bolts 16.
Meanwhile, in order to prevent the two side opening cases 22 from burdening the opening and closing device due to their own weight, in this embodiment, the free ends of the two side opening cases 22 are both provided with lock hooks (not shown in the figure), after the two side opening cases 22 are separated, the two side opening cases 22 are connected between the lock hooks through a lock chain, and the two side opening cases 22 are mutually limited by the tensile force of the lock chain, so that the opening and closing device does not bear static load.
When the device is used, the lining plate 4 is arranged in the shell 2, the position of the impact plate 9 is adjusted in advance by rotating the handle 13, the two side-opened shells 22 are folded by the opening and closing device, and the two side-opened shells are fixed by the fastening bolt 16; and then starting the power motor 3, and feeding materials into the shell 2 through the feeding hole 14, wherein the materials are firstly beaten by the plate hammer 8 and then impact on the counterattack plate 9, are beaten for the second time and fall back on the plate hammer 8, and the process is circulated until the size of the materials meets the requirement of discharging materials from the shell 2 through gaps of the grates.
When the board hammer 8 or the lining board 4 needs to be replaced, only the power motor 3 needs to be stopped, the fastening bolt 16 needs to be disassembled, the two side-opening machine shells 22 are rotated through the opening and closing device to be opened, and then the board hammer 8 and the lining board 4 can be replaced and maintained after the two separated side-opening machine shells 22 are connected through the chain and the lock hook buckle.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, and the scope of the invention is to be accorded the full scope of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. A novel crusher is characterized in that: the grate comprises a base and a casing, wherein a lining plate is arranged on the inner wall of the casing, and grates are arranged at the bottom of the casing; the shell comprises a lower shell and two side-opening shells which are movable relative to the lower shell, the lower shell is fixedly arranged on the base, the two side-opening shells are arranged over the lower shell in a right-facing manner, and the side-opening shells are fixed on the base or the lower shell through a hinged base; the base or the lower shell is provided with an opening and closing device for driving the side-opening shell to rotate; a main shaft is arranged on the lower shell, a rotor frame is arranged on the main shaft, and a plurality of plate hammers are uniformly arranged on the rotor frame; the side-opening type shell is characterized in that a counterattack plate frame is movably mounted on the inner side wall of the side-opening type shell, a counterattack plate is mounted on the counterattack plate frame, and an adjusting rod for adjusting the counterattack plate frame is mounted on the outer wall of the side-opening type shell; a feed inlet is arranged on the side-opening shell, and a material baffle plate is arranged at the bottom of the feed inlet;
one end of the impact plate frame is hinged with the inner wall of the side-opening shell, the other end of the impact plate frame is hinged with a sleeve, and the inner wall of the sleeve is provided with an internal thread; the outer wall of the adjusting rod is provided with an external thread matched with the internal thread; an adjusting frame is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the side-opening shell, and the adjusting rod is in threaded connection with the adjusting frame.
2. The new crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that: the hinged base comprises a base body and a pin shaft, the base body is fixed on the base through bolts or welding, and pin holes matched with the pin shaft are formed in the side opening shell of the base body.
3. The new crusher in accordance with claim 2, characterized in that: the opening and closing device comprises an opening and closing motor, and the opening and closing motor is mechanically connected with the pin shaft.
4. The new crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that: the opening and closing device comprises a hydraulic cylinder, the cylinder body of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged to the lower shell, and the output end of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged to the side-opening shell.
5. The new crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that: and the base is provided with a power motor, and the power motor is mechanically connected with the spindle.
6. The new crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that: the free end of the side-opening machine shell is detachably connected.
7. The new crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that: the free ends of the two side-opening machine shells are provided with lock hook buckles.
CN201921567397.7U 2019-09-20 2019-09-20 Novel crusher Active CN211563135U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921567397.7U CN211563135U (en) 2019-09-20 2019-09-20 Novel crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921567397.7U CN211563135U (en) 2019-09-20 2019-09-20 Novel crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211563135U true CN211563135U (en) 2020-09-25

Family

ID=72522798

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921567397.7U Active CN211563135U (en) 2019-09-20 2019-09-20 Novel crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211563135U (en)

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