CN208711827U - A kind of new type crushing machine - Google Patents

A kind of new type crushing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208711827U
CN208711827U CN201821200282.XU CN201821200282U CN208711827U CN 208711827 U CN208711827 U CN 208711827U CN 201821200282 U CN201821200282 U CN 201821200282U CN 208711827 U CN208711827 U CN 208711827U
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crusher
movable housing
case
housing
locking piece
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CN201821200282.XU
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张会见
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张会见
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of new type crushing machines, the crusher includes crusher ontology and driving device, the crusher ontology includes lower case, upper housing and movable housing, movable housing has open state and closed state relative to lower case, when movable housing is in close state, lower case, upper housing and movable housing three surround a material crusher chamber, rotor assembly is set in the material crusher chamber, the inner wall of movable housing is provided with liner plate group, backplate group is provided in the two sides vertical wall surface of the adjacent inner wall, liner plate group and backplate group are able to bear the impact of splashing material;The crusher of the utility model, reasonable in design, stable, crushing efficiency is high, cleaning maintenance convenience, and manufacture use cost is low.

Description

A kind of new type crushing machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to processing equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of crusher.
Background technique
Crusher is generally used for the materials such as broken shale, gangue, and existing crusher generally comprises rack, hopper and is crushed Components, the structures such as hammer are relatively simple.Since the materials such as shale, gangue viscosity is big, crusher during operation, gangue, The high viscosity substances such as shale will gradually adhere to entire crusher chamber, be easy to cause feed inlet to store up phenomenon, entirely break through very short time Broken chamber, which will be blocked, to be filled up, and is needed to shut down at this time and is carried out the operations such as artificial clear material, stirring, equipment day operating rate it is low.Further, since The materials such as grinder hammerhead high velocity impact shale, gangue, tup abrasion is very fast, to guarantee grain epigranular out, tup mill Damage must just be replaced in time to a certain extent, and for existing crusher when replacing tup, dismounting is relatively difficult, and it is strong both to have increased machine maintenance Degree, and delay production.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of crushers, overcome above-mentioned deficiency in the prior art, existing to solve In technology the problems such as the easy putty of crusher, shell rapid wear ring, low repair and replacement difficulty and working efficiency.
The utility model adopts the following technical scheme that realize:
A kind of crusher comprising: crusher ontology and driving device, the driving device are configured to described broken Machine ontology provides operation torque;The crusher ontology includes: lower case, upper housing and movable housing, the upper housing and institute It states lower case to be fixedly connected, the movable housing is flexibly connected with the lower case, wherein the movable housing is relative to described Lower case has open state and closed state, when the movable housing is in the closed state, the lower case, upper casing Body and movable housing surround a material crusher chamber;Feed inlet, the feed inlet are set to the upper housing and break with the material Broken chamber connection;Discharge port, the discharge port are set to the lower case and are connected to the material crusher chamber;Rotor assembly, institute Rotor assembly is stated to be partially provided in the material crusher chamber and be configured to be rotate to break up material;Headstock gear, The headstock gear is configured to drive the movable housing to switch between the open state and the closed state;Its It is characterized in that, is provided with liner plate group, the movable housing on the inner wall towards the material crusher chamber of the movable housing The adjacent inner wall two sides vertical wall surface on be provided with backplate group, the liner plate group and the backplate group are able to bear splashing The impact of material.
Advantageously, the liner plate group of crusher includes having interchangeability between multiple liner plates and multiple liner plates, multiple Liner plate is removably disposed on the inner wall of movable housing, while backplate group also includes having between multiple backplates and multiple backplates There is interchangeability, multiple backplates are removably disposed in the two sides vertical wall surface of movable housing.
In crusher work, to protect movable housing, therefore liner plate group and backplate group will bear the impact of splashing material Liner plate and backplate often damage, and need timely repair and replacement, and liner plate and backplate with interchangeability can effectively improve maintenance activity Efficiency, while also can be reduced the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of components.
Compared to the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
The crusher overall construction design is reasonable, and shell mechanism folding area is big, and structural strength is high, crusher internal structure Compact, the radius of gyration of rotor assembly is big, and broken speed is fast, and fine powder rate height and epigranular, movable housing medial surface is pacified in addition Liner plate group and backplate group are filled, the self-strength height of liner plate group and backplate group, strong shock resistance is durable, can be effective Protect movable housing from destroying, and liner plate group and backplate group are muti-piece package assemblies, repair and replacement are convenient.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of crusher provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of crusher ontology provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of rotor assembly provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of movable housing provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
Appended drawing reference:
Crusher 100, crusher ontology 1, transmission belt 2, power source 3, lower case 4, upper housing 5, movable housing 6, rotor Assembly 7, feed inlet 8, opening and closing device 9, main shaft 10, terminal pad 11, belt wheel 12, weighting distribution wheel 13, connecting shaft 14, hammer handle 15, tup 16, sieve plate 17, liner plate 18, backplate 19, locking piece 20, locking piece received block 21, upper maintenance door 22, lower maintenance door 23.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and specifically Embodiment is described in further details the utility model.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is used only for solving The utility model is released, and should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1 description according to a kind of crusher of the utility model embodiment.As shown in Figure 1, practical according to this A kind of crusher 100 of new embodiment comprising crusher ontology 1, transmission belt 2 and power source 3, wherein the one of transmission belt 2 End and the torque output of power source 3 are sequentially connected, and the belt wheel 12 on the other end and crusher ontology 1 is sequentially connected, power source 3 For generating operation torque, which is transferred to transmission belt 2 through the torque output of power source 3, and transmission belt 2 is driven to revolve Turn, transmission belt 2 is rotated with movable belt pulley 12 in turn, realizes input of the operation torque to crusher ontology 1.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that power source 3 for crusher ontology 1, can be it is external, Shell can also be shared with crusher ontology 1.
Advantageously, power source 3 can generate equipment by various applicable torques in the prior art to realize, such as electronic Machine.
Fig. 2 shows the specific structures of the crusher ontology 1 of the utility model embodiment.As shown in Fig. 2, the crusher sheet Body 1 comprising lower case 4, upper housing 5, movable housing 6 and rotor assembly 7, wherein upper housing 5 is fixedly mounted on lower case 4 On, movable housing 6 is flexibly connected with lower case 4, and rotor assembly 7 is installed in rotation in lower case 4.
The crusher ontology 1 of the utility model embodiment, movable housing 6 relative to lower case 4 have open state and Closed state, when movable housing 6 is in close state, lower case 4, upper housing 5 and 6 three of movable housing surround an inner chamber Room, the work department of rotor assembly 7 are set in the internal chamber, that is to say, that the internal chamber is used as material crusher chamber.
Advantageously, when lower case 4, upper housing 5 and movable housing 6 surround above-mentioned material crusher chamber, lower case 4, upper casing Binding face between 6 three of body 5 and movable housing engages each other closely, it will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that this is close Material can not sputter material crusher chamber and be advisable when the degree of engagement is worked with crusher.
Further, 5 top of upper housing is provided with feed inlet 8, and feed inlet 8 is connected to material crusher chamber, object to be broken Material is transported in material crusher chamber from feed inlet 8;4 lower part of lower case is provided with discharge port (not shown), discharge port one End is connected to material crusher chamber, and the other end is connect with material receiver, and the material being broken enters material by discharge port and connects In receiving apparatus.It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that material receiver can be for crusher ontology 1 A kind of external device is removably connect with crusher ontology 1.
Further, the crusher ontology 1 of the utility model embodiment, movable housing 6 are flexibly connected tool with lower case 4 Body is that one end of movable housing 6 and lower case 4 are hinged, and the other end of movable housing 6 is connected with lower case 4 by opening and closing device 9 It connects, wherein the other end of movable housing 6 is connect specifically, one end of opening and closing device 9 is under by opening and closing device 9 with lower case 4 Shell 4 is hinged, and the other end of the other end and movable housing 6 of opening and closing device 9 is hinged.
It is understood that opening and closing device 9 drives the movement of movable housing 6 so that movable housing 6 is being opened relative to lower case 4 It opens and switches between state and closed state.Particularly, Fig. 1 shows closed state of the movable housing 6 relative to lower case 4, and Open state Fig. 2 shows movable housing 6 relative to lower case 4.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that opening and closing device 9 can pass through various applicable drivings in the prior art Device is realized, such as hydraulic drive cylinder or air pressure driving cylinder.
Further, when movable housing 6 is in close state relative to lower case 4, it is broken that crusher is able to carry out material Broken operation needs the binding face between movable housing 6 and lower case 4, upper housing 5 to be tightly engaged at this time, to prevent materials from spattering Out except crusher ontology 1, operation safety is ensured.Advantageously, it to keep this to be tightly engaged into, is also set up on crusher ontology 1 There is locking device, which includes locking piece 20 and locking piece received block 21, and wherein one end of locking piece 20 is pivotly It is mounted on the outer surface of 5 side of upper housing, locking piece received block 21 is fixedly mounted on the side of corresponding movable housing 6 On outer surface, which is provided with receiving slit, when movable housing 6 is in close state relative to lower case 4, The other end of locking piece 20 is pivotably in the receiving slit of locking piece received block 21, by movable housing 6 relative to lower case 4 and upper Shell 5 is locked.
Advantageously, above-mentioned locking device is provided in the two sides of crusher ontology 1.
In the crusher of the utility model embodiment, locking piece 20 can be formed as having polished rod portion and ends screw portion Locking bolt, the receiving slit of locking piece received block 21 can be formed as convenient for receive locking piece 20 polished rod portion U-type groove, lock The polished rod portion for determining locking piece 20 in state is placed in U-type groove, after ends screw portion is tightened by nut, that is, realizes lock operation. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that locking device can also be with other applicable locking structures in the prior art come real It is existing, such as button hook structure, latch structure etc..
Fig. 3 shows the specific structure of the rotor assembly 7 of the utility model embodiment.As shown in figure 3, the rotor assembly 7 Including main shaft 10, multiple terminal pads 11, multiple quartering hammers, belt wheel 12 and weighting distribution wheel 13, wherein main shaft 10 can be rotated by bearing Ground is mounted in lower case 4, and both ends are extended except lower case 4, and wherein one end and belt wheel 12 are sequentially connected, the other end with match Roller 13 is fixedly connected.
Further, multiple terminal pads 11 are fixed on main shaft 10 and can rotate with main shaft 10, each terminal pad Connecting shaft 14 is provided on 11, one end and the connecting shaft 14 of the hammer handle 15 of quartering hammer are rotatably connected, the other end of hammer handle 15 It is hinged by pin shaft and tup 16.
It is understood that multiple quartering hammers, multiple terminal pads 11 and corresponding main shaft portion constitute rotor assembly 7 Work department, the operation torque of power source 3 drives the rotation of main shaft 10 to drive the rotation of terminal pad 11 after inputting by belt wheel 12, Terminal pad 11 drives quartering hammer rotation in turn, and the quartering hammer of movement is crushed the material entered in material crusher chamber.
Advantageously, one sieve plate 17, the broken hammering that material is rotated are installed in the lower section of 4 internal rotor assembly 7 of lower case Dropped to after broken on sieve plate 17, the material that size is less than sieve plate gap falls to discharge port by sieve plate 17, by discharge port into Enter into material receiver.
Preferably, sieve plate 17 selects the sieve plates of page seven.
Advantageously, because being rotatably connected between quartering hammer and main shaft 10, rotor assembly 7 is in entire rotation process It will appear the unbalanced phenomenon of rotary inertia, the torque output that this will cause power source 3 is uneven, therefore in the opposite of main shaft 10 It is fixedly connected at least one weighting distribution wheel 13 in the other end of belt wheel 12, the rotation of rotor assembly 7 can be effectively reduced in weighting distribution wheel 13 Inertia unbalanced phenomena guarantees that the torque output of power source 3 is uniform and stable.
Fig. 4 shows the specific structure of the movable housing 6 of the utility model embodiment.As to the further of the prior art It improves, as shown in figure 4, being equipped with liner plate group on inner wall of the movable housing 6 towards material crusher chamber, which includes multiple Liner plate 18, liner plate 18 are made of High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, are able to bear the high speed impact of the material of splashing, durable, can Effective protection movable housing 6 improves its service life from damage.
Further, pacify on the two sides vertical wall surface adjacent to the above-mentioned inner wall for being equipped with liner plate group of movable housing 6 Equipped with backplate group, which includes multiple backplates 19, and backplate 19 is made of High Strength Wear-Resistance Material, is able to bear the object of splashing The high speed impact of material, it is durable, can effective protection movable housing 6 from damage, improve its service life.
Advantageously, the above-mentioned inner wall of movable housing 6 can be completely covered in liner plate group, wherein each liner plate 18 is detachable Ground is installed on inner wall, and each 18 structure size of liner plate is consistent, has interchangeability between each other, and each backplate 19 is removably pacified Loaded in the vertical wall surface of two sides, each 19 structure size of backplate is consistent, has interchangeability between each other, and such design is conveniently replaceable dimension It repairs, effectively reduces cost.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that liner plate 18 and backplate 19 can be used it is various applicable in the prior art High Strength Wear-Resistance Material manufacture, such as high-chromium alloy wear-resistant material.
In practical application, the crusher 100 of the utility model embodiment can be used for broken brick field brick-making raw material, such as Shale, gangue, culm clay, loess etc..When work, movable housing 6 is in close state relative to lower case 4 (such as Fig. 1 institute Show), locking device is locked, power source 3 drives rotor assembly 7 to rotate by transmission belt 2, and material to be broken is conveyed through feed inlet 8 Into material crusher chamber, the quartering hammer of rotation is immediately crushed material, after broken material falls to sieve plate 17, size compared with Small material is fallen into discharge port by the gap of sieve plate 17, is finally entered in material receiver.
When material crusher chamber is by the serious nothing of the component wears such as feed blocking or tup 16, sieve plate 17, liner plate 18, backplate 19 When method works on, cleaning or maintenance activity are carried out, unlocks locking device at this time, opening and closing device 9 drives movable housing 6 To the open state relative to lower case 4, cleaning or maintenance activity are carried out.Cleaning or maintenance finish, opening and closing device 9 can again by Then the driving of movable housing 6 locks locking device to the closed state relative to lower case 4.
Advantageously, upper maintenance door 22 to be opened/closed, lower case are provided on the side back to movable housing 6, upper housing 5 Lower maintenance door 23 to be opened/closed is provided on 4, for observing the inner case of crusher ontology 1 at any time and simply being cleared up With maintenance activity, the frequent opening and closing of movable housing 6 is avoided, or increases cleaning and maintenance activity when movable housing 6 is opened Convenience.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that the power source 3 of the crusher 100 of the utility model embodiment, opening and closing The equipment such as equipment 9 can be controlled by electronics and/or electrical control gear.
Although the embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is Illustratively, it should not be understood as limiting the present invention, those skilled in the art are not departing from the utility model Principle and objective in the case where above-described embodiment can be changed in the scope of the utility model, modify, replace and Modification.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of crusher comprising: crusher ontology (1) and driving device, the driving device are configured to described broken Broken machine ontology (1) provides operation torque;The crusher ontology (1) includes: lower case (4), upper housing (5) and movable housing (6), the upper housing (5) is fixedly connected with the lower case (4), and the movable housing (6) and the lower case (4) activity are even It connects, wherein the movable housing (6) has open state and closed state relative to the lower case (4), when the active shell When body (6) is in the closed state, the lower case (4), upper housing (5) and movable housing (6) surround a material crusher chamber; Feed inlet (8), the feed inlet (8) are set to the upper housing (5) and are connected to the material crusher chamber;Discharge port, it is described Discharge port is set to the lower case (4) and is connected to the material crusher chamber;Rotor assembly (7), rotor assembly (7) portion It is set in the material crusher chamber and is configured to be rotate to break up material with dividing;Headstock gear (9), the opening and closing dress (9) are set to be configured to drive the movable housing (6) to switch between the open state and the closed state;Its feature It is, is provided with liner plate group, the movable housing on the inner wall towards the material crusher chamber of the movable housing (6) (6) backplate group is provided in the two sides vertical wall surface of the adjacent inner wall, the liner plate group and the backplate group are able to bear The impact of splashing material.
2. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the liner plate group includes multiple liner plates (18), institute It states multiple liner plates (18) to be removably disposed on the inner wall of the movable housing (6), the multiple liner plate (18) tool There is interchangeability, the backplate group includes multiple backplates (19), and the multiple backplate (19) is removably disposed in the active shell In the two sides vertical wall surface of body (6), the multiple backplate (19) has interchangeability.
3. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving device and headstock gear (9) and electricity Control device connection.
4. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the movable housing (6) and the lower case (4) Be flexibly connected specifically: one end of the movable housing (6) and the lower case (4) hingedly, the movable housing (6) it is another End is hinged with one end of the headstock gear (9), and the other end of the headstock gear (9) and the lower case (4) are hingedly, described Headstock gear (9) is hydraulic drive cylinder or air pressure driving cylinder.
5. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotor assembly (7) includes main shaft (10), extremely A few terminal pad (11) and at least one quartering hammer, the main shaft (10) are rotatablely arranged at the crusher ontology (1) And it is configured to receive the input of the operation torque of the driving device and drives at least one described terminal pad (11) and at least One quartering hammer rotates in the material crusher chamber, at least one described terminal pad (11) is fixedly connected on the main shaft (10) It goes up and is configured to rotate with the main shaft (10), at least one described quartering hammer includes hammer handle (15) and tup (16), One end of the hammer handle (15) is rotatably connected at the terminal pad (11), the other end and the tup of the hammer handle (15) (16) hinged.
6. a kind of crusher according to claim 5, which is characterized in that one end of the main shaft (10) extend it is described under Except shell (4), which is provided with belt wheel (12), and the power source (3) of the driving device passes through transmission belt (2) and the band (12) transmission connection is taken turns so that operation torque to be input to the main shaft (10), the power source (3) is motor, the main shaft (10) the other end extends except the lower case (4), which is provided at least one weighting distribution wheel (13).
7. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crusher ontology (1) further includes locking dress It sets, the locking device includes locking piece (20) and locking piece received block (21), and one end of the locking piece (20) is pivotly It is installed on the outer surface of the upper housing (5), the locking piece received block (21) is fixedly mounted on the outer of the movable housing (6) Surface, the locking device are configured to the movable housing (6) being locked in the closed state, the specially described locking piece (20) the other end pivotably in the receiving slit of the locking piece received block (21) with by the movable housing (6) relative to institute It states lower case (4) and upper housing (5) is locked.
8. a kind of crusher according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the locking piece (20) is with polished rod portion and end The locking bolt in head thread portion, the receiving slit of the locking piece received block (21) are U-type groove.
9. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with sieve below the rotor assembly (7) Plate (17), the sieve plate (17) is between the material crusher chamber and the discharge port.
10. a kind of crusher according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper housing (5) deviates from the movable housing (6) side is provided with maintenance door (22), and the lower case (4) is provided with lower inspection away from the side of the movable housing (6) Repair door (23).
CN201821200282.XU 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of new type crushing machine Active CN208711827U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821200282.XU CN208711827U (en) 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of new type crushing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821200282.XU CN208711827U (en) 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of new type crushing machine

Publications (1)

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CN208711827U true CN208711827U (en) 2019-04-09

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112317069A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-02-05 徐州徐工矿业机械有限公司 Safe operating system of impact crusher
CN112452411A (en) * 2020-10-24 2021-03-09 张红宾 Smashing device capable of recycling building garbage

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112452411A (en) * 2020-10-24 2021-03-09 张红宾 Smashing device capable of recycling building garbage
CN112317069A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-02-05 徐州徐工矿业机械有限公司 Safe operating system of impact crusher

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