CN101632953B - Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher - Google Patents

Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101632953B
CN101632953B CN2009100603775A CN200910060377A CN101632953B CN 101632953 B CN101632953 B CN 101632953B CN 2009100603775 A CN2009100603775 A CN 2009100603775A CN 200910060377 A CN200910060377 A CN 200910060377A CN 101632953 B CN101632953 B CN 101632953B
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China
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broken
small
roll shaft
crushing
dual
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CN2009100603775A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101632953A (en
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陈章华
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陈章华
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Publication of CN101632953B publication Critical patent/CN101632953B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher, mainly composed of a feed hopper, a case shell, a crushing roller, a fine crushing roller, a crushing hammer and a fine crushing hammer. The crusher has the structure characteristics that: 'a swing tooth plate is provided to form a crushing operation cavity, an upper drag rod and a lower drag rod are provided to form a fine crushing operation cavity, and a group of impact rod and fixed tooth plate is arranged' in the case shell, thus forming three-impact crushing structure; the crushing operation cavity and the fine crushing operation cavity form natural and smooth 'material flow grade'; and 'a distributary window is provided and an assistant feed bin is arranged' at the rear end of the case for effective charging and distributary, so that the crusher not only can carry out series processing operation of rough crushing, intermediate crushing and even fine crushing on medium and high hardness block materials but also can carry out crushing processing operation on wet ore-rock material containing much mud and high moisture, improves conformability to crushing material, has the advantages of low power energy consumption, high production efficiency and being capable of effectively prolonging the service life of hammer wearing part, and has excellent market prospect.

Description

Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher

Technical field:

The present invention relates to hammer mill; Specifically a kind of dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher, it be particularly suitable for industries such as mine, electric power, chemical metallurgy and cement brick and tile building materials be used for to high rigidity materials such as cobble, ferrous waste, quartz mine, basalt, copper kolovratite and the bigger soft durometer materials such as rock of water content carry out coarse crushing, in operations broken and in small, broken bits.

Background technology:

In commercial process; In order to satisfy the specification requirement of technological procedure; Usually need and will decompose broken operations until in small, broken bitsization than the hard raw materials of big lumpiness, this production demand has objectively promoted further exploitation and the development work to the disintegrating machine product.Though the disintegrating machine launch of existing plurality of specifications model can supply the user to choose use at present, need not to dare not or would not speak up, existing disintegrating machine product is function singleness mostly, and is relatively poor to the conformability of broken raw material type scope, and significant limitation is arranged in actual use.Its main cause is that existing most of disintegrating machine product all is to develop and Development and Production to certain type of specified raw material basically.For example: for such as cobble, iron and steel, quartzite, basalt, kolovratite class high rigidity material, generally be adopt gyratory crusher carry out coarse crushing, in broken, carry out processing in small, broken bits with grinding machine again.But its production efficiency is lower, the cost of broken operations high.The existing disintegrating machine that particularly generally uses in industries such as chemical industry, cement, brickmaking at present; When centering soft or hard matter wet feed carries out operations in small, broken bits; Usually show that broken operations difficulty is big, tup consumable accessory attrition fast, operations efficient is low and the high use defective of production run expense; If the silt particle proportion that contains of middle soft or hard matter wet feed reaches at 30% o'clock than big and water content (volume ratio); Retardance in cabinet, also can occur stopping up and stick with paste the phenomenon of roller, it can't operate as normal and can only be compelled to be in end-of-life state when serious, and this will cause the production work order and have a strong impact on.

Summary of the invention:

The object of the invention is intended to the weak point to prior art, and proposes a kind of dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher, and it is to the further improvement of existing disintegrating machine and perfect.It has obviously improved the conformability to broken material, no matter is to the piece material of high, middle hardness or high and contain the more middle soft or hard matter wet feed of shale composition to water content, can both carry out normal coarse crushing, in broken until serial operations in small, broken bits.

The present invention realizes through following technical scheme: it comprises feed hopper, cabinet housing, broken roll shaft, roll shaft in small, broken bits, broken tup and tup in small, broken bits; Said broken tup, tup in small, broken bits are fitted to broken roll shaft, roll shaft in small, broken bits respectively; Lower position at broken roll shaft, roll shaft in small, broken bits is equipped with broken material screen, material screen in small, broken bits; It is characterized in that: the angle between broken roll shaft, the formed plane of roll shaft in small, broken bits two axial lines and the horizontal plane is 30 ° of 0 ∽; Be furnished with swing tooth plate in the upper position hinge of broken roll shaft and form broken working chamber; Between broken roll shaft and roll shaft in small, broken bits, be provided with resistance rod, down resistance rod forms working chamber in small, broken bits, at the upper position of roll shaft in small, broken bits fixed tooth plate and one group are installed and impact rod.Said working chamber in small, broken bits is made up of with two Delta Regions that broken roll shaft and roll shaft in small, broken bits surrounded respectively last resistance rod, following resistance rod; Be separately installed with belt pulley and flywheel and carry out drive respectively by two motors and carry out broken operations in the two axial ends of broken roll shaft and roll shaft in small, broken bits: treat brokenly shivering material by what feed hopper was sent into; At first in broken working chamber, the piece material is constantly impacted by one group that is fitted to broken roll shaft broken tup that rotates at a high speed; And the flank of tooth that the piece material strikes against swing tooth plate repeatedly carried out strong collision and break; Simultaneously; Because moving back and forth of swing tooth plate forms strong rubbing shear action, will form further fragmentation to the material that is broken by collision, can reach the breaking indices to the coarse crushing operations of piece material 60 ∽ 70% percentage of damage.When coarse particles continues to get in the working chamber in small, broken bits; To coarse particles be impacted mutually by the one group of tup in small, broken bits and the broken tup of rotation at a high speed; And coarse particles is struck against resistance rod repeatedly form for the second time strong collision and break; Can make and get into coarse particles fragmentation once more in the working chamber in small, broken bits, the breaking indices of broken operations in so far can reaching.When particle continues to fall in the some after the fragmentation of the last resistance rod secondary impact of above-mentioned process; To collide down resistance rod again and form for the third time the bump collision and break; Can make it further be crushed to disentegrated particles; Another partly in particle then continue to impact by one group of tup in small, broken bits of rotation at a high speed, and it is struck against one group of flank of tooth formation of impacting rod and fixed tooth plate clash into for the third time and break, also can make it further be crushed to disentegrated particles; Above-mentioned after the disentegrated particles that clashes into broken gained for three times sieves, can transfer out the qualified product of degree of fragmentation by discharging opening.

The present invention also has following characteristic:

Angle between said broken roll shaft, the formed clinoplain of roll shaft in small, broken bits two axial lines and the horizontal plane is 20 °; Form nature " logistics gradient " smoothly between broken working chamber that can be in the cabinet housing and the working chamber in small, broken bits; It is smooth to guarantee that material moves in broken operations process, and this all has tangible effect to being avoided the resistance of material plug, the broken operations situation of improvement and enhancing productivity.

Said swing tooth plate is fitted in the cabinet housing by bearing pin is hinged; Swing tooth plate is fitted with the adjusting device of spring, screw rod formation; Can adjust position, shift reciprocately amount and the frequency of swing tooth plate to the actual conditions of different material easily; And then regulate and control the broken aperture of broken working chamber, make swing tooth plate have the crushing effect of best bump, rubbing and shear action.

Be fitted with secondary feed bin in the rear end of cabinet housing; The cabinet housing is made the discharging shunting window that communicates with secondary feed bin; Secondary feed bin is set effectively improves the discharging situation, improve discharging flow, be specially adapted to carry out broken operations containing the more and middle soft or hard matter wet feed that water content is high of silt particle.

Be fitted with one group of removable holder bar in the bottom of broken material screen, material screen in small, broken bits, can form good supporting role, can obviously strengthen the rigidity of broken material screen, material screen in small, broken bits and can effectively prolong its service life broken material screen, material screen in small, broken bits.

The present invention has following outstanding characteristics and marked improvement:

1. the present invention has initiated three broken structures of bump of in the cabinet housing " hinge is joined swing tooth plate and formed broken working chamber, the working chamber in small, broken bits of two trigonum shapes of upper and lower resistance rod formation is set and one group of impact rod, fixed tooth plate are installed "; It can carry out once respectively by centering piece material hard, high rigidity; Or secondary; Or three bumps broken and accomplish coarse crushing, in broken until serial operations such as in small, broken bits; Improved conformability to broken material, widened greatly can broken processing materials kind and scope.

2. the present invention has proposed the optimal design of in cabinet " to broken roll shaft, roll shaft in small, broken bits employing height interlaced arrangement " first; Make and form nature between broken working chamber and the working chamber in small, broken bits along " the logistics gradient " that reach; Can effectively prevent clogged up with material, this has obvious effect to enhancing productivity, reduce unit power consumption.

3. the present invention has proposed in the cabinet rear end flow dividing structure design of " the shunting window is set and disposes secondary feed bin " first; Can effectively shunt discharging; Can obviously improve the discharging state; Be specially adapted to carry out operations to containing the many and wet feed middle soft or hard matter that water content is high of silt particle, this keeps normal operating conditions to being avoided sticking with paste in the machine roller plug and stagnating and has a significant effect.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the vertical view (partly cuing open) of Fig. 1.

The specific embodiment:

The embodiment of dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher proposed by the invention is described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:

A kind of dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher; It mainly by feed hopper 1, cabinet housing 4, swing tooth plate 25, fixed tooth plate 19, impact rod 21 and be installed on broken roll shaft 8, broken tup 5, broken flywheel 28 and the tup in small, broken bits 11 of roll shaft in small, broken bits 12, flywheel in small, broken bits 26 respectively and constitute; At the lower position of broken roll shaft 8, roll shaft in small, broken bits 12 broken material screen 7, material screen in small, broken bits 13 and one group of removable holder bar 6,14 are installed; Upper position at broken roll shaft 8 forms broken working chamber 3 by the bearing pin 2 hinged swing tooth plates 25 that are fitted with; Said swing tooth plate 25 is fitted with the adjusting device that is made up of spring 24, screw rod 23; Can adjust the position of swing tooth plate 25 easily and then regulate and control the aperture of broken working chamber 3; Make swing tooth plate 25 have best bump and break, crumple the crushing effect of shearing; Said fixed tooth plate 19 and one group impact the upper position that rod 21 is installed on roll shaft 12 in small, broken bits; And resistance rod 22, the following working chamber in small, broken bits 18 of resistance rod 10 formation trigonum shapes be set between broken roll shaft 8 and roll shaft in small, broken bits 12, said broken roll shaft 8, roll shaft in small, broken bits 12 are to be fitted in the cabinet housing 4 by from high to low installation site, and control is 20 ° by the angle between formed clinoplain of two axial lines and the horizontal plane; Make to form the best " logistics gradient " smoothly between broken working chamber 3 and the working chamber in small, broken bits 18, this all has positive effect to preventing clogged up with material, boost productivity and reduce unit power consumption.Be fitted with secondary feed bin 16 in the rear end of cabinet housing 4; Cabinet housing 4 is made the discharging shunting window 20 that communicates with secondary feed bin 16; It is equipped as follows power-actuated: the axle head at broken roll shaft 8, roll shaft in small, broken bits 12 is separately installed with belt pulley, by two motors respectively through the broken roll shaft 8 of driving belt 27,29 drive and roll shaft in small, broken bits 12 at a high speed rotation carry out broken operations.It is performed such work: when the piece material of hard in the fragmentation, high rigidity; With cover plate 17 window 20 sealings are shunted in discharging; Starter motor drives broken roll shaft 8 and all rotates at a high speed by counter clockwise direction with roll shaft 12 in small, broken bits; Send into from feed hopper 1 and to treat brokenly shivering material, when at first in broken working chamber 3, rotating 5 pairs of piece material of broken tup at a high speed and constantly impact, the flank of tooth that makes the piece material strike against swing tooth plate 25 is repeatedly formed strong collision and breaks by one group that is fitted to broken roll shaft 8; In knockout process; Because the elastic reaction of spring 24 can move back and forth up and down swing tooth plate 25, and the piece material is formed strong rubbing shearing force effect; Can form further fragmentation completion coarse crushing operations to colliding the material that breaks, show according on probation: in broken working chamber 3, can reach the breaking indices requirement of the coarse crushing operations of piece material percentage of damage more than 65%.In carrying out when broken: coarse particles continues to get in the working chamber 18 in small, broken bits again; To form the fierce effect that impacts mutually with the coarse particles that 5 pairs of broken tups get in the working chamber 18 in small, broken bits by one group of tup 11 in small, broken bits of rotation at a high speed; To make coarse particles strike against resistance rod 22 repeatedly forms collision for the second time and breaks once more; It is broken that coarse particles is continued, the breaking indices requirement of broken operations in so far can realizing.Carry out again when in small, broken bits: when particle continues to fall in the some after the last resistance rod 22 secondary impact fragmentations of above-mentioned process; To collide again to form and clash into for the third time and collide and break in following resistance rod 10; Particle further is crushed to disentegrated particles in can making; Another partly in particle then continued to impact and make it to strike against one group of flank of tooth that impacts rod 21 and fixed tooth plate 19 and form for the third time that bump continues to break, be crushed to disentegrated particles by one group of tup 11 in small, broken bits of rotation at a high speed; The above-mentioned particle that is impacted the broken gained of bump repeatedly can be by the qualified products of the required degree of fragmentation of discharging opening 9 outputs after broken material screen 7, material screen in small, broken bits 13 sieve.Soft hard block material in fragmentation; Or it is broken when containing the mineral aggregate that silt particle is more and moisture content is high; The operation device of falling para-electric switch make roll shaft 12 in small, broken bits in the direction of the clock at a high speed rotation with still by broken roll shaft 8 formation of rotation counterclockwise to rolling; One group of tup 11 in small, broken bits of at a high speed rotation is formed rolling the effect of impacting with the materials that 5 pairs of broken tups get in the working chamber 18 in small, broken bits, adopt thisly to have the high outstanding advantage of smooth and easy naturally clog-free, the broken processing efficient of discharging rolling the crumbling method that impacts.When treating that broken mineral aggregate is the wet feed that silt content is many and moisture content is very high; The cover plate 17 of can dismantling is opened discharging shunting window 20; Secondary discharging opening 15 by secondary feed bin 16 is shunted discharging, and this normally all has an obvious effect to what avoided " it is stifled to stick with paste the roller plug " phenomenon occurring and keep broken operations.

Claims (5)

1. dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher; It comprises feed hopper (1), cabinet housing (4), broken roll shaft (8), roll shaft in small, broken bits (12), broken tup (5) and tup in small, broken bits (11); Said broken tup (5), tup in small, broken bits (11) are fitted to broken roll shaft (8), roll shaft in small, broken bits (12) respectively; Lower position at broken roll shaft (8) is equipped with broken material screen (7); Lower position at roll shaft in small, broken bits (12) is equipped with material screen in small, broken bits (13); It is characterized in that: the angle between broken roll shaft (8), the roll shaft in small, broken bits formed plane of (12) two axial lines and the horizontal plane is 0-30 °; Be furnished with swing tooth plate (25) in the upper position of broken roll shaft (8) hinge and form broken working chamber (3), between broken roll shaft (8) and roll shaft in small, broken bits (12), be provided with resistance rod (22), resistance rod (10) forms working chamber in small, broken bits (18) down, fixed tooth plate (19) and one group of impact excellent (21) are installed at the upper position of roll shaft in small, broken bits (12).
2. dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the angle between said broken roll shaft (8), the roll shaft in small, broken bits formed clinoplain of (12) two axial lines and the horizontal plane is 20 °.
3. dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said swing tooth plate (25) is fitted in the cabinet housing (4) by bearing pin (2) is hinged, and swing tooth plate (25) is fitted with the adjusting device of spring (24), screw rod (23) formation.
4. dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be fitted with secondary feed bin (16) in the rear end of cabinet housing (4), cabinet housing (4) is made the discharging shunting window (20) that communicates with secondary feed bin (16).
5. dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be fitted with one group of removable holder bar (6,14) in the bottom of broken material screen (7), material screen in small, broken bits (13).
CN2009100603775A 2009-08-19 2009-08-19 Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher CN101632953B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101632953B true CN101632953B (en) 2012-05-30

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102189018B (en) * 2011-03-09 2013-09-18 周杨 Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving
CN102806116A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-05 太仓市旭冉机械有限公司 Double-case shredder
CN103100464B (en) * 2013-01-24 2015-04-22 乐山市岷江机器厂 Energy-saving and environment-friendly double-rotor crushing machine
CN103331193B (en) * 2013-07-15 2015-04-22 徐州徐工施维英机械有限公司 Adjusting device of counterattack rack and crashing machine
CN103611601A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-05 胡圣国 Dual-rotor hammer mill
AT15699U1 (en) * 2014-09-02 2018-04-15 Rudnick & Enners Maschinen Und Anlagenbau Gmbh Apparatus for comminuting round logs, rinds, splinters or other bulk materials for drying and agglomeration-capable grain size
CN104941775A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 顾广才 Movable crusher for ceramic production
CN105597874B (en) * 2016-03-16 2018-12-28 四川江油新川矿山机械有限公司 A kind of double-cavity crushing machine for sand processed

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201470425U (en) * 2009-08-19 2010-05-19 陈章华 Double-roller and double-cavity three-strike type crusher

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201470425U (en) * 2009-08-19 2010-05-19 陈章华 Double-roller and double-cavity three-strike type crusher

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Application publication date: 20100127

Assignee: Leshan Taigang Xinke Machinery Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

Assignor: Chen Zhanghua

Contract record no.: 2012510000122

Denomination of invention: Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher

Granted publication date: 20120530

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20121109

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190531

Address after: 614000 No. 1800 Xingye Road, Shizhong District, Leshan City, Sichuan Province

Patentee after: LESHAN TAIGANG SUNKO'S MACHINERY MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.

Address before: 614000 No. 321 Haitang Road, Shizhong District, Leshan City, Sichuan Province

Patentee before: Chen Zhanghua