CN102189018B - Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving - Google Patents

Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102189018B
CN102189018B CN 201110056190 CN201110056190A CN102189018B CN 102189018 B CN102189018 B CN 102189018B CN 201110056190 CN201110056190 CN 201110056190 CN 201110056190 A CN201110056190 A CN 201110056190A CN 102189018 B CN102189018 B CN 102189018B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sieve
crushing
screening
level
breaker
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CN 201110056190
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102189018A (en
Inventor
周杨
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周杨
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Priority to CN 201110056190 priority Critical patent/CN102189018B/en
Publication of CN102189018A publication Critical patent/CN102189018A/en
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Publication of CN102189018B publication Critical patent/CN102189018B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses integrated equipment for crushing and sieving which comprises a frame. A first step crushing device, a sieving device and a second step crushing device are arranged in the frame. The first step crushing device comprises a first step crushing rotor and a sieve for sieving crushed materials, and the first step crushing rotor and the sieve form a first step crushing cavity. The sieving device comprises a plurality of sieve rollers for material conveying arranged side by side, a plurality of sieve roller surfaces form sieve surfaces for sieving the materials, a gap betweeneach two rollers forms a sieve mesh, and a conveying inlet of the sieving device is connected with the sieve. According to the present invention, crushed materials can smoothly pass sieve strips and enter the sieving device when the materials are roughly crushed, the materials pass the sieving device with no jam when the materials are sieved, the sieving rate is high, and the sieving device has aburden distribution effect. Oversize materials enter a fine crusher and are crushed step by step until particle sizes satisfy a requirement, which guarantees a required granularity of the crushed materials.

Description

A kind of crushing and screening integral device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of in ature of coal, the coke etc., that the soft material carries out coarse crushing, screening and fine crushing is multi-functional in a kind of crushing and screening integral device of one.
Background technology
Existing disintegrating machine has respectively the various ways such as discaling roll, arc screening plate or counterattack dental lamina in its crusher chamber.When work material directly enter on the feeding mouth of crusher chamber, material not of uniform size falls together, is broken together, by after the fragmentation step by step, material is discharged from discharging opening.But the problem that existing disintegrating machine exists is:
1, material is all-in and all-out, causes the disintegrating machine load to increase, the wearing and tearing aggravation, and it is serious that material is crossed Fragmentation Phenomena.
Even 2 are provided with screening plant, but in the prior art, normally screening plant and disintegrating apparatus are separately positioned on different places, cause capital expenditure large, system layout is loaded down with trivial details.
3, be mingled with in the larger situation of tiny material and continuous flow when bulk materials, tiny material can not in time be discharged and can be produced jam by crusher chamber, and when the humidity of material was larger, a large amount of wet stocks can stick in the crusher chamber, also can produce jam.
Number be CN201168637Y such as Granted publication, Granted publication day is the Chinese patent file in December 24 in 2008, a kind of primary screen apparatus of disintegrating machine is disclosed, comprise frame, described frame is provided with the primary dcreening operation chamber, primary dcreening operation chamber top and bottom ends has respectively into, discharging opening, in the feeding mouth of primary dcreening operation chamber, be provided with side by side a plurality of rotating throughput directions towards the delivery sieve roller at the edge of primary dcreening operation chamber one side, be provided with the gap that can supply the qualified material piece of volume to pass through between each adjacent conveyor sieve roller, each delivery sieve roller is driven by the driving mechanism that is fixed on the frame by transmission mechanism.This invention is when supporting the use with disintegrating machine, most of satisfactory material piece can directly leak down from the gap between the adjacent conveyor sieve roller and fall into discharging opening, the material that remaining volume is larger is admitted to crushing chamber soon and carries out fragmentation under the drive of the delivery sieve roller that rotates, because material has carried out elementary screening in the primary dcreening operation chamber and with material diversion, can effectively reduce the jam that existing disintegrating machine exists, improve the breaking capacity of disintegrating machine complete machine.
But technique scheme is when broken material, and when once large material crushing being arrived satisfactory tiny material particular diameter, the ratio of reduction is too large, and disintegrating machine is difficult to large material primary fragmentation to satisfactory tiny material.Thereby cause material particular diameter to exceed standard, do not reach instructions for use.And the crushing teeth plate structure is complicated, overhauls difficult expense high.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention proposes a kind of in ature of coal, the coke etc., the soft material carries out coarse crushing, screening and with a kind of crushing and screening integral device of fine crushing function, adopt the present invention, when coarse crushing, after being broken, material can enter screening plant by grating smoothly, when screening materials carrying, material can not produce jam by screening plant, screening percentage is high, and the cloth effect arranged, oversize enters fine crusher and is crushed to step by step satisfactory particle diameter, has guaranteed the granularity requirements behind the material crushing.
The present invention is by adopting following technical proposals to realize:
A kind of crushing and screening integral device, comprise frame, it is characterized in that: in frame, be respectively arranged with first order breaker, screening plant and second level breaker, described first order breaker comprises first order broken rotor and is used for the sieve of the broken rear material of screening, first order broken rotor and sieve form first order crusher chamber, described screening plant comprises a plurality of sieve rollers for delivery of material that are arranged side by side, the surface of a plurality of sieve rollers forms the compass screen surface that material is sieved, gap between any two rollers forms sieve aperture, the conveying arrival end of screening plant connects described sieve, and the conveying port of export of screening plant connects described second level breaker.
Described second level breaker comprises second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller and counterpunch board, described counterpunch board is positioned at the top of second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller is installed in a side of second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller is more than 2, intermeshing between each crushing toothed roller, second level broken rotor, counterpunch board and crushing toothed roller form second level crusher chamber.
Described first order breaker is thick breaking device, and second level breaker is the thin broken device.
Annular surface at described sieve roller is provided with the sieve tooth, and the sieve backlash between any two sieve rollers forms sieve aperture.
That end that described compass screen surface is close to the first order breaker outlet is high, the low inclined ramp shape of that end close to the breaker entrance of the second level.
Described sieve is comprised of a plurality of gratings that are arranged in parallel, and the gap between the grating forms the sieve aperture of material.
Described sieve is sieve-plate structure, is provided with sieve aperture on the sieve plate.
Described sieve roller is sieve ring roller or screen drum roller.
Be provided with the tup that impacts material at described first order broken rotor and second level broken rotor.
Described counterpunch board is fixed on the frame through spring.
Described sieve is fixed on the frame through support.
Described crushing toothed roller is replaced with grating.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention shows:
1, because the present invention adopts below first order breaker, be provided with screening plant, a plurality of sieve rollers rotating in same direction under the drive of rotating machinery, material is carried out forced conveyance, force screening, and has certain fragmentation, thereby can not produce jam, more excellent, be provided with the sieve tooth at the sieve roller, any two gaps of sieve between the teeth form sieve aperture, and the material that meets granularity requirements is sifted out from sieve aperture, make to be sized material more unobstructed operation on compass screen surface, fall by mesh screen smoothly, utilize first order crusher chamber that material is carried out broken in advance, make follow-up equipment when work, more even materials that does not have bulk can be arranged, can play again good cloth effect simultaneously.
2, the present invention adopts in screening and carries discharge port end that second level breaker is set, crushing toothed roller is more than 2, conveniently the oversize that does not meet granularity requirements is carried out broken step by step, and, the material that meets granularity requirements sifts out from sieve aperture, alleviate the live load of second level breaker, prolonged the service life of second level breaker, reduced the Fragmentation Phenomena of crossing of material.
3, the present invention adopts a plurality of sieve rollers to drive rotating Vortex through tumbler, can alleviate the jam of material, and is especially all the more so when humidity of materials is larger.
4, the present invention adopts " crushing toothed roller of the sieve roller of sieve, delivery sieve material distribution, broken counterpunch board and conveying broken material " such system schema, can improve the Integral-crushing ratio of equipment, by step by step fragmentation, prescreening, can effectively reduce the Fragmentation Phenomena of crossing of material, alleviate the live load of disintegrating apparatus, the crushing toothed roller of active rotation can prevent the sticking stifled phenomenon in fine crushing chamber, adopt a kind of crushing and screening integral device, simple in structure, equipment volume is little, installation and repairing is convenient, and capital expenditure is little.
5, first order breaker is thick breaking device, second level breaker thin broken device, such set-up mode is more excellent, through thick broken, carry first by again screening for material, satisfactory material sieves away from sieve aperture, undesirable continuation is washed brokenly, thereby makes material be crushed to step by step satisfactory particle diameter, has guaranteed the granularity requirements behind the material crushing.
6, the counterpunch board of setting of the present invention is fixed on the frame through spring, and more excellent, counterpunch board is obliquely installed, like this, when second level broken rotor impacts material on the counterpunch board, because the effect of spring and the Gravitative Loads of material, the spring shake makes material be difficult for being bonded on the counterpunch board, thereby can not cause sticking blocking up, when material falls between crushing toothed roller and the second level broken rotor, because the rotation of crushing toothed roller, make material be forced to carry, and force screening, crushing toothed roller is set to a plurality of, has so just increased the number of times that material is broken, reached the step by step purpose of fragmentation, and material is transferred in fragmentation and sieves, thereby makes the more unobstructed operation of material, can not glue stifled.
Description of drawings
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments, wherein:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment 3
Mark among the figure:
1, the tup on the first order broken rotor, 2, first order broken rotor, 3, support, 4, grating, 5, the sieve roller, 6, frame, 7, the tup on the broken rotor of the second level, 8, second level broken rotor, 9, counterpunch board, 10, spring, 11, crushing toothed roller.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, the invention discloses a kind of crushing and screening integral device, comprise frame, in frame, be respectively arranged with first order breaker, screening plant and second level breaker, described first order breaker comprises first order broken rotor and is used for the sieve of the broken rear material of screening, first order broken rotor and sieve form first order crusher chamber, described screening plant comprises a plurality of sieve rollers for delivery of material that are arranged side by side, the surface of a plurality of sieve rollers forms the compass screen surface that material is sieved, gap between any two rollers forms sieve aperture, the conveying arrival end of screening plant connects described sieve, and the conveying port of export of screening plant connects described second level breaker.
Embodiment 2
As the present invention's one better embodiment, the invention discloses a kind of crushing and screening integral device, comprise frame, be arranged on the thick broken rotor in the frame, below thick broken rotor, be provided with screening plant, one end of screening plant is communicated with the exit of thick broken rotor, the other end of screening plant discaling roll sieve is communicated with chamber in small, broken bits, described screening plant comprises a plurality of sieve rollers that are arranged side by side, the compass screen surface that the paired material of a plurality of sieve roll formings sieves is provided with the sieve tooth on the sieve roller, and the sieve backlash between any two sieve rollers forms sieve aperture, and that end that compass screen surface is close to the coarse crushing rotor outlet is high, the inclined ramp shape that end close to rotor in small, broken bits is low.
Embodiment 3
As preferred forms of the present invention, with reference to Figure of description 1 and 2, the present invention is provided with rotor in small, broken bits below discaling roll sieve discharging opening, and the thin broken device comprises rotor in small, broken bits, counterpunch board, and a plurality of crushing toothed roller (can replace crushing toothed roller by grating).Crushing toothed roller is intermeshing.The two ends of described sieve roll screen are provided with the power set by transmission.A plurality of sieve roll screens are through driving rotating Vortex.Described sieve tooth is evenly distributed on the sieve roller.Described thick breaking device comprises the coarse crushing rotor, and the face relative with the coarse crushing rotor is provided with grating and the grating support in the installation frame, and described coarse crushing rotor and grating form the material crusher chamber.All the other are with embodiment 2.

Claims (9)

1. crushing and screening integral device, comprise frame, it is characterized in that: in frame, be respectively arranged with first order breaker, screening plant and second level breaker, described first order breaker comprises first order broken rotor and is used for the sieve of the broken rear material of screening, first order broken rotor and sieve form first order crusher chamber, described screening plant comprises a plurality of sieve rollers for delivery of material that are arranged side by side, the surface of a plurality of sieve rollers forms the compass screen surface that material is sieved, gap between any two rollers forms sieve aperture, the conveying arrival end of screening plant connects described sieve, the conveying port of export of screening plant connects described second level breaker, described second level breaker comprises second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller and counterpunch board, described counterpunch board is positioned at the top of second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller is installed in a side of second level broken rotor, crushing toothed roller is more than 2, intermeshing between each crushing toothed roller, second level broken rotor, counterpunch board and crushing toothed roller form second level crusher chamber.
2. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described counterpunch board is fixed on the frame through spring.
3. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first order breaker is thick breaking device, second level breaker is the thin broken device.
4. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the annular surface at described sieve roller is provided with the sieve tooth, and the sieve backlashes between any two sieve rollers form sieve aperture.
5. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: that end that described compass screen surface is close to the outlet of first order breaker is high, the low inclined ramp shape of that end close to the breaker entrance of the second level.
6. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sieve is comprised of a plurality of gratings that are arranged in parallel, and the gap between the grating forms the sieve aperture of material.
7. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sieve is sieve-plate structure, is provided with sieve aperture on the sieve plate.
8. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described sieve roller is sieve ring roller or screen drum roller.
9. a kind of crushing and screening integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described crushing toothed roller is replaced with grating.
CN 201110056190 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving CN102189018B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110056190 CN102189018B (en) 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110056190 CN102189018B (en) 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Integrated equipment for crushing and sieving

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CN102189018B true CN102189018B (en) 2013-09-18

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102896019B (en) * 2012-10-15 2015-03-04 马琳 Sieving and crushing integrated machine
CN103464246B (en) * 2013-09-22 2016-03-30 中国科学院广州能源研究所 A kind of long fibre biomass material pulverizer
CN104014389B (en) * 2014-06-17 2016-06-08 四川皇龙智能破碎技术股份有限公司 Self-selecting type disintegrating machine that can the hard thing of automatic sorting
CN105149072A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-16 成都万基电力设备制造有限公司 Integrated intelligent treatment system for sieving and crushing coal raw materials applied to power stations and implementation method thereof
CN105170238B (en) * 2015-10-09 2017-12-08 陕西金禾农业科技有限公司 Pulverizer and the power production line for including it
CN205850985U (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-01-04 成都万基电力设备制造有限公司 A kind of reversible disintegrating machine
CN108607667A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-10-02 来安县塔鑫建材有限公司 A kind of stone classification crushing plant
CN108396719B (en) * 2018-04-08 2020-02-14 云南迈润环保科技有限公司 River water surface cleaning device and method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201168637Y (en) * 2007-12-13 2008-12-24 郑州长城冶金设备有限公司 Primary screen apparatus of crusher
CN201295624Y (en) * 2008-10-30 2009-08-26 武汉大学 Rotary bastard coal smash separator
CN101632953A (en) * 2009-08-19 2010-01-27 陈章华 Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher
CN201423292Y (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-03-17 周杨 Toothed roll crushing, screening and distributing screen of material
CN202028430U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-11-09 周杨 Integral device of crushing and screening

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201168637Y (en) * 2007-12-13 2008-12-24 郑州长城冶金设备有限公司 Primary screen apparatus of crusher
CN201295624Y (en) * 2008-10-30 2009-08-26 武汉大学 Rotary bastard coal smash separator
CN201423292Y (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-03-17 周杨 Toothed roll crushing, screening and distributing screen of material
CN101632953A (en) * 2009-08-19 2010-01-27 陈章华 Dual-roller dual-cavity three-impact crusher
CN202028430U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-11-09 周杨 Integral device of crushing and screening

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