CN211461063U - Active and passive lower limb training device - Google Patents

Active and passive lower limb training device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211461063U
CN211461063U CN201921019714.1U CN201921019714U CN211461063U CN 211461063 U CN211461063 U CN 211461063U CN 201921019714 U CN201921019714 U CN 201921019714U CN 211461063 U CN211461063 U CN 211461063U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
thigh
rod
shank
lower limb
training device
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201921019714.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何永正
刘向阳
樊永言
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Henan Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd
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Henan Xiangyu Medical Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201921019714.1U priority Critical patent/CN211461063U/en
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Publication of CN211461063U publication Critical patent/CN211461063U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A lower limb active and passive training device relates to medical rehabilitation equipment. The training device comprises a base, a bed plate frame, a movable bed plate, a lower limb training device and a pedal mechanism. The beneficial effects are as follows: when the patient is trained early and middle period, the upper body trunk is moved by the driving device to drive the lower limb to exercise, the affected limb can be driven by the self healthy lower limb to exercise, and the lower limb can be driven by the upper limb to do rehabilitation training. This active passive trainer of low limbs makes progress or downwards and then gives certain helping hand of low limbs training through the slope of bed frame through patient's self gravity, makes the patient obtain safer, effective and comfortable rehabilitation training. The active and passive lower limb training device is convenient to operate, stable and reliable, and is suitable for the rehabilitation requirements of patients in different treatment periods.

Description

Active and passive lower limb training device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the medical treatment is recovered, a low limbs owner is trainer passively is related to.
Background
At present, in patients with lower limb dysfunction, lower limb movement is improved through proper training until the purpose of walking or normal walking is achieved. In the conventional lower limb training device, the training device is placed on a hospital bed, and a motor drives a bracket to drive the lower limb bound on the bracket to move. However, the force provided by the motor cannot be output accurately and properly, and the quality of rehabilitation training cannot be guaranteed when the patient uses the device. Still another type of intelligent lower limb feedback rehabilitation system (patent No. 201120357818.0) is one that uses a drive mechanism fixed on an upright bed to support the lower limbs for stepping movement and is equipped with weight reduction to reduce the weight of the lower limbs of the patient. It has the following disadvantages: the weight reduction is uncomfortable, the control is complex, and the device is only suitable for patients with certain walking ability and cannot meet the requirements of patients lying in bed at early stage. Therefore, it is necessary to design a safer, more effective and more practical lower limb training device.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at providing a not only carry out conventional low limbs training, can move the lower limbs active and passive trainer that drives low limbs motion, training effect better through drive upper part of the body when early training moreover.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: a lower limb active and passive training device comprises a base, a bed plate frame, a movable bed plate, a lower limb training device and a pedal mechanism. On the articulated base of bed board frame, the inclination of bed board frame upwards inclines 90 or downward sloping 10 for horizontal base, and the position of activity bed board can remove for the bed board frame. The pedal mechanism is arranged on the bed board frame, and the position of the pedal mechanism is irrelevant to the adjustment of the human body corresponding to the movable plate. The movable bed board is connected to the base through the bed board frame instead of directly. The lower limb training device is arranged on the movable bed board and is used for restraining the lower limbs and supporting the flexion and extension activities of the lower limbs along with the sliding process of the movable bed board.
The lower limb training device is arranged at the lower part of the movable bed plate and is used for thighs and shanks to adapt to the activity of lower limbs. The lower limb training device comprises a thigh supporting rod, a thigh adjusting rod, a shank supporting tube, a thigh bracket and a shank bracket. The thigh adjusting rod is fixed in the thigh supporting rod, the length of the thigh adjusting rod and the length of the thigh supporting rod can be adjusted, and the thigh adjusting rod and the thigh supporting rod are firmly locked through the handle jackscrew. The shank adjusting rod and the thigh supporting fixed rod are firmly locked through the top thread of the handle. Leg supports are respectively arranged on the thigh supporting rod and the shank supporting rod and used for restraining the thigh and the shank of the patient. The disc end of the thigh adjusting rod is hinged with the disc end of the shank adjusting rod through a shaft.
The utility model has the advantages that: this active passive trainer of low limbs when patient's rehabilitation training is early, middle stage training, moves upper part of the body trunk through drive arrangement and drives low limbs motion training, also can drive the motion training of suffering from limb through self healthy low limbs motion, can also drive low limbs through upper limbs motion and do the rehabilitation training. This active passive trainer of low limbs makes progress or downwards and then gives certain helping hand of low limbs training through the slope of bed frame through patient's self gravity, makes the patient obtain safer, effective and comfortable rehabilitation training. The active and passive lower limb training device is convenient to operate, stable and reliable, and is suitable for the rehabilitation requirements of patients in different treatment periods.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial perspective view of the lower limb training device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial front view of the lower limb training device of the present invention;
the reference numbers: the device comprises a base 1, a bed plate frame 2, a driving mechanism 3, a movable bed plate 4, a left pedal 5, a right pedal 6, a right lower limb training device 7, a left lower limb training device 8, an electric push rod 9, a rotating shaft 10, a caster 11, a bed frame 21, a slide rod 22, a cross connecting seat 23, a handrail locking wire 24, a side handrail 25, a handrail pull rod 26, a slide block 27, a guide rail 28, a shoulder baffle plate 42, a head cushion plate 43, a shaft sleeve 52, a locking nut 53, a lower locking nut 54, an adjusting screw 55, a connecting shaft 56, a thigh supporting rod 71, a thigh adjusting rod 72, a shank adjusting rod 73, a shank supporting rod 74, a thigh bracket 75, a shank bracket 76, a thigh bandage 77, a thigh adjusting and locking jackscrew 78, a shank adjusting and locking jackscrew.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical field person understand the present invention better and make the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more obvious and understandable, the present invention is described in detail with reference to the following embodiments.
The specific embodiment is as follows: as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the active and passive lower limb training device comprises a base 1, wherein four casters 11 are mounted on the base 1. The exercise device may also be stationary without casters 11. Bed board frame 2 and base 1 articulated through axle 10, install actuating mechanism 3 on base 1, actuating mechanism 3's the other end articulates on bed board frame 2, actuating mechanism 3 support bed board frame 2 through concertina movement and reach the purpose that the bed board frame upwards perhaps inclined downwards. The driving mechanism 3 comprises a push rod motor, a hydraulic element and the like, and can also support the bed plate frame 2 to incline through manual adjustment of a screw rod through a nut.
The bed board frame 2 comprises a bed frame 21, slide bars 22 are fixed on two sides of the bed frame 21, a cross connecting seat 23 is installed on each slide bar 22, the cross connecting seat 23 is a square tube in the X direction, and is fixed at the using position of a certain patient of the slide bar 22 through a handrail locking wire 24. To adapt the side arm rests 25 to the height of the patient. The side arm rests 25 are arranged on the cross connecting seat 23 in the Y direction. An armrest pull rod 26 is arranged above the bedstead 21 and is used for being held by the hand of a patient.
The bed plate frame 2 is coupled with the movable bed plate 4, two guide rails 28 are arranged on two sides of the upper surface of the bed plate frame 2, and the two guide rails 28 are in a parallel state. Four sliding blocks 27 are arranged below the movable bed plate 4, the four sliding blocks 27 are arranged on a guide rail 28, and the position of the movable bed plate 4 can be adjusted relative to the bed plate frame 2. Electric push rod 9 is installed to bed board frame 2 below, and electric push rod 9 one end articulates in bed board frame 2 below, and the other end articulates in activity bed board 4 below, through electric push rod 9's flexible drive activity bed board 4's removal.
A shoulder baffle plate 42 and a head cushion plate 43 are arranged above the movable bed plate 4, and the shoulder baffle plate 42 and the head cushion plate 43 move together. The shoulder baffle 42 is used for preventing the shoulder of the patient from exerting force during the movement training, and a fixed seat 44 is arranged below the movable bed plate 4. The movable bed board 4, the shoulder baffle 42, the head cushion board 43 and the fixed seat 44 move together.
A left lower limb training device 8 and a right lower limb training device 7 are hinged below the movable bed board 4, and the left lower limb training device 8 and the right lower limb training device 7 are used for supporting the left leg and the right leg. The left lower limb training device 8 is provided with a thigh supporting rod 71, the thigh supporting rod 71 is a hollow pipe, a thigh bracket 75 is arranged on the thigh supporting rod 71, and the thigh bracket 75 is in a semi-circular arc shape and used for supporting a thigh. Thigh straps 77 are mounted on thigh brackets 75, and said thigh straps 77 are adjustable to accommodate the thighs of patients of different weights. The thigh supporting rod 71 is provided with a thigh locking jackscrew 78, the inner cavity of the thigh supporting rod 71 is provided with a thigh adjusting rod 72, the thigh adjusting rod 72 can move in the inner cavity of the thigh supporting rod 71, and the distance between the thigh supporting rod 71 and the thigh adjusting rod 72 is locked through the thigh locking jackscrew 78. The disc end of the thigh adjusting rod 72 is hinged with the shank adjusting rod 73 through a shaft. The shank adjusting rod 73 is connected in an inner cavity tube of the shank supporting rod 74, one end of the shank supporting rod 74 is a hollow tube, the other end of the shank supporting rod 74 is a circular disc, a shank bracket 76 is arranged on the shank supporting rod 74, a shank binding belt 70 is arranged above the shank bracket 76, and the shank binding belt 70 can also be adjusted. A shank locking jackscrew 79 is arranged on the side surface of the hollow pipe end of the shank support rod 74, the shank adjusting rod 73 can move in the hollow pipe of the shank support rod 74 to adjust the support of the whole shank length, and the shank locking jackscrew 79 is used for fixing the required length.
The structure of the right lower limb training device 7 is the same as the left lower limb training device 8 and will not be described in detail.
The bed plate frame 2 is provided with a left pedal 5 and a right pedal 6. The lower part of the left pedal 5 is hinged with the bed plate frame 2 through a connecting shaft 56. A shaft sleeve 52 is arranged on the left pedal 5, and the shaft end of the shaft sleeve 52 is hinged on the left pedal 5. The shaft sleeve 52 is coupled with an adjusting screw 55, the adjusting screw 55 is a threaded lead screw, a threaded lead screw end of the adjusting screw 55 is hinged with the bed plate frame 2, and the adjusting screw 55 is provided with an upper lock nut 53 and a lower lock nut 54. The rotation angle of the left pedal 5 is changed in angle by the adjusting screw 55, and the angle of the left pedal 5 to the lower leg support bar 74, i.e., the ankle training angle, can be changed by fastening the upper lock nut 53 and the lower lock nut 54.
The connection mode of the right pedal 6 and the bed plate frame 2 is the same as that of the left pedal 5, and the detailed description is omitted.
The disc end of the thigh supporting rod 71 on the left lower limb training device 8 is hinged with the fixed seat 44 at the lower end of the movable bed board 4. The disc end of the shank support bar 74 above the left lower limb training device 8 is hinged with the left pedal 5. When the movable bed board 4 moves, the angles of the thigh support rod 71, the shank support rod 74 and the left pedal 5 are changed, and the extension and the flexion of the hip joint, the extension and the flexion of the knee joint and the dorsiflexion and the plantarflexion of the ankle joint of the patient are driven.
The various features of the above embodiments may also be implemented on other horizontal or inclined position devices.
When in use, the bed board frame 2 of the training device is adjusted to the horizontal position. The patient lies on the movable bed plate 4, the feet of the patient are placed on the left and right pedals 5 and 6, respectively, the thighs are bound to the thigh brackets 75 of the thigh support rods 71, and the thighs are fastened by the straps 77. The lower leg is constrained to the lower leg bracket 76 of the lower leg strut 74. And the lower leg is fastened to the lower leg strut 74 by the lower leg strap 70. The side handrails 25 are adjusted according to the height of the patient to be suitable for the patient and are locked by the handrail top threads 24, and the patient can tightly grip the side handrails 25 and also can hold the handrail pull rods 26 by hands.
The patient is able to perform several rehabilitation exercises:
firstly, the movable bed board 4 is driven to slide back and forth by the extension and contraction of the push rod motor 9, so as to drive the lower limb body of the patient to do bending and stretching movement to carry out rehabilitation training.
Secondly, if one of the lower limbs of the patient is normal, for example, the patient is biased, the movable bed board 4 can be driven to slide back and forth through the flexion and extension movement of the healthy lower limbs, and then the rehabilitation training of the lower limbs of the patient is driven.
Thirdly, the two lower limbs of the patient have dysfunction, and the movable bed board 4 can be driven to slide back and forth through the stretching and the pushing of the upper limbs, so as to drive the rehabilitation training of the lower limbs of the patient.
Fourthly, the movable bed board 4 is driven to slide downwards by the upward inclination of the bed board frame 2 and the self gravity of the patient, and the lower limb of the patient is subjected to buckling training; when the bed board frame 2 inclines downwards, the movable bed board 4 is driven to slide downwards by the gravity of the patient, and the lower limbs of the patient do stretching training.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an active passive trainer of low limbs, includes base (1), bed board frame (2), activity bed board (4), low limbs trainer and pedal mechanism, its characterized in that: the bed board frame (2) is hinged on the base (1), and the inclination angle of the bed board frame (2) is inclined upwards by 90 degrees or downwards by 10 degrees relative to the horizontal base; the bed frame (2) comprises a bed frame (21), slide rods (22) are fixed on two sides of the bed frame (21), a cross connecting seat (23) is installed on each slide rod (22), each cross connecting seat (23) is a square tube in the X direction, and the cross connecting seats are fixed at the using positions of the slide rods (22) through handrail locking wires (24); the side handrail (25) is arranged on the Y direction of the cross connecting seat (23), and a handrail pull rod (26) is arranged above the bed frame (21);
the movable bed plate (4) is coupled to the bed plate frame (2), two guide rails (28) are mounted on two sides of the upper surface of the bed plate frame (2), and the two guide rails (28) are in a parallel state; four sliding blocks (27) are arranged below the movable bed plate (4), the four sliding blocks (27) are arranged on a guide rail (28), and the position of the movable bed plate (4) can be adjusted relative to the bed plate frame (2); an electric push rod (9) is arranged below the bed plate frame (2), one end of the electric push rod (9) is hinged below the bed plate frame (2), the other end of the electric push rod (9) is hinged below the movable bed plate (4), and the movable bed plate (4) is driven to move through the extension and contraction of the electric push rod (9);
a shoulder baffle plate (42) and a head cushion plate (43) are arranged above the movable bed plate (4), and the shoulder baffle plate (42) and the head cushion plate (43) move together; a fixed seat (44) is arranged below the movable bed plate (4), and the movable bed plate (4), the shoulder baffle plate (42), the head cushion plate (43) and the fixed seat (44) move together;
a left lower limb training device (8) and a right lower limb training device (7) are hinged below the movable bed plate (4), a thigh support rod (71) is arranged on the left lower limb training device (8), the thigh support rod (71) is a hollow pipe, a thigh bracket (75) is arranged on the thigh support rod (71), the thigh bracket (75) is in a semi-circular arc shape, and a thigh bandage (77) is arranged on the thigh bracket (75); a thigh locking jackscrew (78) is arranged on the thigh supporting rod (71), a thigh adjusting rod (72) is arranged in the inner cavity, the thigh adjusting rod (72) can move in the inner cavity of the thigh supporting rod (71), and the distance between the thigh supporting rod (71) and the thigh adjusting rod (72) is locked through the thigh locking jackscrew (78); the thigh adjusting rod (72) is hinged with the shank adjusting rod (73) through a shaft, the shank adjusting rod (73) is connected in an inner cavity pipe of the shank supporting rod (74), one end of the shank supporting rod (74) is a cavity pipe, the other end of the shank supporting rod is a circular disc, a shank bracket (76) is arranged on the shank supporting rod (74), a shank binding belt (70) is arranged above the shank bracket (76), a shank locking jackscrew (79) is arranged on the side face of the cavity pipe end of the shank supporting rod (74), the shank adjusting rod (73) can move in the cavity pipe of the shank supporting rod (74) and is used for adjusting the support of the whole shank length, and the shank locking jackscrew (79) is used for fixing the required;
a left pedal (5) and a right pedal (6) are mounted on the bed board frame (2), wherein the lower part of the left pedal (5) is hinged with the bed board frame (2) through a connecting shaft (56), a shaft sleeve (52) is mounted on the left pedal (5), the shaft end of the shaft sleeve (52) is hinged on the left pedal (5), the shaft sleeve (52) is coupled with an adjusting screw rod (55), the threaded rod end of the adjusting screw rod (55) is hinged and connected with the bed board frame (2), and a locking nut (53) and a lower locking nut (54) are arranged on the adjusting screw rod (55); the angle of the left pedal (5) is changed by adjusting a screw rod (55), and the angle of the left pedal (5) and a shank support rod (74) can be changed by fastening an upper lock nut (53) and a lower lock nut (54);
the disc end of a thigh supporting rod (71) on the left lower limb training device (8) is hinged with a fixed seat (44) at the lower end of the movable bed plate (4), the disc end of a shank supporting rod (74) on the left lower limb training device (8) is hinged with the left pedal (5), and the movable bed plate (4) moves to drive the thigh supporting rod (71), the shank supporting rod (74) and the left pedal (5) to change angles.
2. The active and passive lower limb training device of claim 1, wherein: the structure of the right lower limb training device (7) is the same as that of the left lower limb training device (8).
3. The active and passive lower limb training device of claim 1, wherein: the connection mode of the right pedal (6) and the bed plate frame (2) is the same as that of the left pedal (5).
4. The active and passive lower limb training device of claim 1, wherein: four corners of the base (1) are provided with four castors (11) or are not provided with the castors (11).
CN201921019714.1U 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Active and passive lower limb training device Withdrawn - After Issue CN211461063U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921019714.1U CN211461063U (en) 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Active and passive lower limb training device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921019714.1U CN211461063U (en) 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Active and passive lower limb training device

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CN211461063U true CN211461063U (en) 2020-09-11

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CN201921019714.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN211461063U (en) 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 Active and passive lower limb training device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110279558A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-27 河南翔宇医疗设备股份有限公司 A kind of main passive exercise device of lower limb
CN112472521A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-12 马小婧 Lying type lumbar vertebra function rehabilitation training device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110279558A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-09-27 河南翔宇医疗设备股份有限公司 A kind of main passive exercise device of lower limb
CN110279558B (en) * 2019-07-03 2024-03-01 河南翔宇医疗设备股份有限公司 Active and passive training device for lower limbs
CN112472521A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-03-12 马小婧 Lying type lumbar vertebra function rehabilitation training device
CN112472521B (en) * 2020-11-27 2023-04-07 马小婧 Lying type lumbar vertebra function rehabilitation training device

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