CN211322185U - Greening device for roof - Google Patents

Greening device for roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211322185U
CN211322185U CN201921874744.0U CN201921874744U CN211322185U CN 211322185 U CN211322185 U CN 211322185U CN 201921874744 U CN201921874744 U CN 201921874744U CN 211322185 U CN211322185 U CN 211322185U
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China
Prior art keywords
greening
water storage
water
roof
frame
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CN201921874744.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱少军
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Shenzhen Zhongding Green Technology Co ltd
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Shenzhen Zhongding Green Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of roof greening, and discloses a greening device for an indoor roof, which comprises an indoor roof, wherein a greening frame is fixed at the top of the indoor roof, a water storage box is arranged at the top of the indoor roof and positioned at the bottom of the greening frame, a partition board is clamped inside the greening frame and divides the interior of the greening frame into a planting cavity and a water storage cavity, a filter screen, a nutrition soil layer and a gravel layer are sequentially paved inside the planting cavity and positioned at the top end of the partition board from bottom to top, the utility model is provided with a sprinkler head, and the pole part and the root part of a plant can be moistened by adopting a sprinkling mode, thereby effectively improving the watering efficiency of greening, facilitating greening to fully absorb moisture, simultaneously, the device has high automation degree, can realize automatic watering of the device, does not need manual control, saves time and labor, enables the device to be more intelligent, and avoids forgetting to water shortage of greening, is beneficial to the healthy growth of greening.

Description

Greening device for roof
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the roof greening, concretely relates to afforestation equipment that roof was used.
Background
With the increasing popularity of high-density residential areas and high-rise residences, the land available for planting plants in cities is increasingly scarce, and meanwhile, the requirements of people on living environments are also increasingly high, and under the background, roof greening is more and more commonly adopted as an auxiliary greening measure. At present, roof greening engineering is mainly divided into three types, namely a lawn type, a combined type and a garden type, wherein the lawn type adopts herbaceous vegetation with strong stress resistance to be tiled and planted on a roof greening structure layer, has the advantages of light weight, wide application range, low maintenance investment and the like, and is widely applied to greening engineering of urban roofs.
But the afforestation equipment that the roof was used in the existing market still has certain defect in the use, for example, the device degree of automation is low, needs manual control to irrigate the afforestation, and is consuming time and power, and leads to afforestation lack of water easily and can not irrigate in time, influences the normal growth of afforestation, and in addition, traditional device rainwater collection scope is little, and inefficiency leads to the rainwater to run off and cause the waste.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a afforestation equipment that roof was used to the degree of automation that the device that provides in solving above-mentioned background art is low, needs manual control to irrigate the afforestation, and consuming time is hard, and leads to afforestation lack of water easily and can not in time irrigate, and in addition, traditional device rainwater collection scope is little, and inefficiency, leads to the problem of rainwater loss.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a greening device for an indoor roof comprises an indoor roof, wherein a greening frame is fixed at the top of the indoor roof, a water storage tank is arranged at the top of the indoor roof and positioned at the bottom of the greening frame, a partition board is clamped inside the greening frame and divides the interior of the greening frame into a planting cavity and a water storage cavity, a filter screen, a nutrient soil layer and a gravel layer are sequentially paved inside the planting cavity and positioned at the top end of the partition board from bottom to top, plants growing above the gravel layer are planted on the nutrient soil layer, a water delivery pipe is buried inside the nutrient soil layer, a sprinkler head communicated with the water delivery pipe is installed at the top of the gravel layer and positioned between two adjacent plants, one end of the water delivery pipe extends to the exterior of the greening frame and is connected with a three-way valve, a water outlet communicated with the planting cavity is installed at the bottom of the partition board, and a first water pump and a second water pump are respectively installed at the bottoms inside the water storage tank and the, simultaneously level sensor is all installed to the inside bottom in water storage box and water storage chamber in one side of first water pump and second water pump, top one side in water storage chamber is connected with the warning pipe that is linked together with the water storage box, one side of water storage box is connected with the drain pipe, the play water end of first water pump and second water pump all is connected with the three-way valve through the pipeline, soil moisture detector is installed to top one side of afforestation frame, the front surface fixed of afforestation frame has the controller.
Preferably, the top both sides of afforesting the frame all are fixed with the bracing piece through the fixed block, and the top of two bracing pieces all is connected with through the damping pivot rotation and gathers together the board.
Preferably, one side of the top of the water storage tank is connected with a water adding valve through a pipeline and used for adding water into the water storage tank in time.
Preferably, the rotation angle of the two gathering plates is 0-180 degrees, so that the two gathering plates can rotate oppositely to a horizontal state to shade plants, and meanwhile, the two gathering plates can also rotate reversely to form a funnel shape at the top of the greening frame to gather rainwater.
Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the bottom of the water outlet is gradually reduced, so that the water outlet is formed in a funnel shape, and redundant water in the planting cavity is conveniently discharged into the water storage cavity for storage.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
(1) the utility model discloses set up the sprinkler head, adopted the mode of sprinkling irrigation, can realize that the pole portion and the root of plant all can receive moistening, the effectual efficiency of watering that improves the afforestation, the afforestation of being convenient for can fully absorb moisture, the device degree of automation is high simultaneously, can realize device automatic watering, need not manual control, labour saving and time saving for the device is more intelligent, and has avoided the manual work to forget and water and lead to the problem of afforestation lack of water, is favorable to the healthy growth of afforestation.
(2) The utility model discloses set up bracing piece, damping pivot and the setting of gathering together the board, can realize gathering together, collecting of device top rainwater on a large scale, the effectual scope that increases rainwater and collect has improved the collection efficiency of rainwater widely, avoids the rainwater to run off, helps the utilization rainwater resource of bigger degree.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an external view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the gathering plate of the present invention when opened;
in the figure: 1-roof, 2-first water pump, 3-water storage tank, 4-greening frame, 5-water delivery pipe, 6-three-way valve, 7-planting cavity, 8-second water pump, 9-liquid level sensor, 10-sprinkler head, 11-clapboard, 12-water outlet, 13-filter screen, 14-gathering plate, 15-damping rotating shaft, 16-support rod, 17-gravel layer, 18-soil moisture detector, 19-nutrition soil layer, 20-overflow pipe, 21-water adding valve, 22-water outlet pipe and 23-controller.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: a greening device for an indoor roof comprises an indoor roof 1, a greening frame 4 is fixed at the top of the indoor roof 1, a water storage tank 3 is installed at the top of the indoor roof 1 and at the bottom of the greening frame 4, a partition plate 11 is clamped inside the greening frame 4 and divides the interior of the greening frame 4 into a planting cavity 7 and a water storage cavity by the partition plate 11, a filter screen 13, a nutrient soil layer 19 and a gravel layer 17 are sequentially paved inside the planting cavity 7 and at the top end of the partition plate 11 from bottom to top, plants growing above the gravel layer 17 are planted on the nutrient soil layer 19, a water pipe 5 is buried inside the nutrient soil layer 19, sprinkler heads 10 communicated with the water pipe 5 are installed at the top of the gravel layer 17 and between two adjacent plants, one end of the water pipe 5 extends to the exterior of the greening frame 4 and is connected with a three-way valve 6, a water outlet 12 communicated with the planting cavity 7 is installed at the bottom of the partition plate 11, a first water pump 2 and a second water pump 8 are respectively arranged at the inner bottoms of the water storage tank 3 and the water storage cavity, meanwhile, liquid level sensors 9 are respectively arranged at one sides of the first water pump 2 and the second water pump 8 at the inner bottoms of the water storage tank 3 and the water storage cavity, an overflow pipe 20 communicated with the water storage tank 3 is connected at one side of the top of the water storage cavity, a drain pipe 22 is connected at one side of the water storage tank 3, the water outlet ends of the first water pump 2 and the second water pump 8 are both connected with a three-way valve 6 through pipelines, a soil moisture detector 18 is arranged at one side of the top of the greening frame 4, a controller 23 is fixed on the front surface of the greening frame 4, the soil moisture detector 18 can detect a nutrient soil layer 19 in the planting cavity 7 and feed moisture detection data back to the controller 23, if the moisture is lower than a set value, the controller 23 controls the first water pump 2 to work, the first water pump 2 conveys water in the water storage, the water is conveyed to the sprinkler head 10 through the water conveying pipe 5, the sprinkler head 10 sprays water to spray the plants, if the soil moisture detector 18 detects that moisture data in the nutrient soil layer 19 is higher than a set value, a signal is fed back to the controller 23, and the controller 23 controls the first water pump 2 to stop working, so that the sprinkling irrigation can be stopped, and the purposes of automation and intellectualization of the device are achieved.
In order to improve the rainwater collection efficiency, in this embodiment, preferably, the two sides of the top of the greening frame 4 are both fixed with supporting rods 16 through fixing blocks, the top ends of the two supporting rods 16 are both rotatably connected with gathering plates 14 through damping rotating shafts 15, and the rotating angles of the two gathering plates 14 are 0-180 degrees, so that the two gathering plates 14 can rotate in opposite directions to a horizontal state to shade plants, and meanwhile, the two gathering plates 14 can also rotate in opposite directions to form a funnel shape at the top of the greening frame 4 to gather rainwater.
In order to facilitate timely water adding, in this embodiment, preferably, one side of the top of the water storage tank 3 is further connected with a water adding valve 21 through a pipeline, and the water adding valve is used for timely adding water into the water storage tank 3.
In order to drain the planting cavity 7, in the embodiment, the cross-sectional area of the bottom of the water outlet 12 is preferably gradually reduced, so that the water outlet 12 forms a funnel shape, so that the excessive water in the planting cavity 7 can be drained into the water storage cavity for storage.
In summary, the electrical connections of the electrical components mentioned in the above structure are as follows: the first water pump 2, the second water pump 8, the liquid level sensor 9, the soil moisture detector 18 and the controller 23 are electrically connected;
wherein: the first water pump 2 and the second water pump 8 both adopt 50CQ-25 water pumps, the voltage of the water pumps is 380V, the rotating speed is 2900r/min, the flow rate is 14.4m3/h, power is provided for water delivery, and watering is facilitated; the model of the liquid level sensor 9 is XC2JC105 so as to monitor the water quantity in the water storage tank 3 and the water storage cavity in real time; the controller 23 is a PLC programmable controller, which is of a PLC ccu 226 type, has a rated power of 11w, has an operating voltage of 24V, and is configured to control the respective electric elements in a unified manner.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation and use flow: when the utility model is used, when in rainy days, a user can reversely rotate the two gathering plates 14 through the damping rotating shaft 15 respectively to enable the two gathering plates 14 and the greening frame 4 to form a funnel shape, rainwater can flow into the planting cavity 7 along the inner wall of the gathering plates 14 when dropping on the gathering plates 14, and the rainwater passes through the gravel layer 17, the nutrition soil layer 19 and the filter screen 13 and is discharged into the water storage cavity through the water outlet 12, if the water amount in the water storage cavity is too much, the water level is higher than the inlet of the overflow pipe 20, so that the rainwater can flow into the water storage box 3 through the overflow pipe 20 for secondary storage, if the water level in the water storage box 3 is higher than the inlet of the drain pipe 22, the rainwater is discharged through the drain pipe 22 until the water level in the water storage box 3 is lower than the inlet of the drain pipe 22, therefore, the rainwater at the top of the greening frame 4 can be gathered together and collected on a large scale through the two gathering plates 14, and is stored by matching with the, therefore, the rainwater collection rate is effectively improved, when the rainwater is collected on a sunny day, a user can open the soil moisture detector 18 through the controller 23, the soil moisture detector 18 detects the nutrient soil layer 19 in the planting cavity 7 and feeds back moisture detection data to the controller 23, if the moisture is lower than a set value, the controller 23 controls the first water pump 2 to work, the first water pump 2 conveys water in the water storage cavity into the water conveying pipe 5 through the three-way valve 6 through a pipeline, the water conveying pipe 5 conveys the water to the sprinkler head 10, the sprinkler head 10 sprays the water to realize plant sprinkling irrigation, when the soil moisture detector 18 detects that the moisture data in the nutrient soil layer 19 is higher than the set value, a signal is fed back to the controller 23, the controller 23 controls the first water pump 2 to stop working, and then the excess water in the planting cavity 7 passes through the gravel layer 17, the nutrient soil layer 19 and the filter screen 13 again, the water is discharged into the water storage cavity through the water outlet 12 and is circulated and reciprocated, the recycling of water resources is realized, in addition, in the process of pumping water by the first water pump 2, if the liquid level sensor 9 in the water storage cavity detects that the water quantity in the water storage cavity is insufficient, a signal is fed back to the controller 23, the controller 23 controls the first water pump 2 to stop working, the second water pump 8 is started, the second water pump 8 pumps out the water in the water storage box 3 through a pipeline and conveys the water into the water conveying pipe 5 through the three-way valve 6, and finally the water is sprayed out by the spraying head 10, so that the sprinkling irrigation of plants is ensured, if the liquid level sensor 9 in the water storage box 3 detects that the water quantity in the water storage box 3 is insufficient, a user can open the water adding valve 21, so that the external water is conveyed into the water storage box.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The greening device for the roof comprises the roof, wherein a greening frame is fixed on the top of the roof, and is characterized in that: the top of roof just is located the bottom of afforestation frame and installs the water storage box, the inside joint of afforestation frame has the baffle, and the baffle cuts apart into the inside of afforestation frame and plants chamber and water storage chamber, the inside of planting the chamber just is located the top of baffle and has laid filter screen, nutrition soil layer and gravel layer by supreme down in proper order, plant the plant that grows to the gravel layer top on the nutrition soil layer, and the inside of nutrition soil layer has buried the raceway underground, the top of gravel layer just is located and all installs the sprinkler head that is linked together with the raceway between two adjacent plants, the one end of raceway extends to the outside of afforestation frame and is connected with the three-way valve, the bottom of baffle is installed the outlet that is linked together with planting the chamber, first water pump and second water pump are installed respectively to the inside bottom in water storage box and water storage chamber, simultaneously level sensor is all installed to the inside bottom in water storage box and water storage chamber one side that is located first water pump and, the device comprises a water storage cavity, a water storage tank, a three-way valve, a soil moisture detector, a controller and a water storage tank, wherein one side of the top of the water storage cavity is connected with an overflow pipe communicated with the water storage tank, one side of the water storage tank is connected with a drain pipe, the water outlet ends of a first water pump and a second water pump are connected with the three-way valve through pipelines, the soil moisture detector is installed on one side of the top of a greening frame, and the.
2. A greening arrangement for a roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the top both sides of afforestation frame all are fixed with the bracing piece through the fixed block, and the top of two bracing pieces all is connected with through the damping pivot rotation and gathers together the board.
3. A greening arrangement for a roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: one side of the top of the water storage tank is connected with a water adding valve through a pipeline and used for adding water into the water storage tank in time.
4. A greening arrangement for a roof as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the rotation angle of the two gathering plates is 0-180 degrees, so that the two gathering plates can rotate oppositely to a horizontal state to shade plants, and the two gathering plates can also rotate reversely to form a funnel shape at the top of the greening frame to gather rainwater.
5. A greening arrangement for a roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the sectional area of outlet bottom diminishes for the outlet forms to leak hopper-shaped, so that with plant unnecessary water in the chamber and arrange into the water storage chamber and save.
CN201921874744.0U 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Greening device for roof Active CN211322185U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921874744.0U CN211322185U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Greening device for roof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921874744.0U CN211322185U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Greening device for roof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211322185U true CN211322185U (en) 2020-08-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921874744.0U Active CN211322185U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Greening device for roof

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CN (1) CN211322185U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113575366A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-11-02 新疆禹拓物联科技有限公司 Regional ecological greening and water resource value-added system adopting neural network
CN113924956A (en) * 2021-07-13 2022-01-14 塔里木大学 Water-saving automatic infiltrating irrigation device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113924956A (en) * 2021-07-13 2022-01-14 塔里木大学 Water-saving automatic infiltrating irrigation device
CN113575366A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-11-02 新疆禹拓物联科技有限公司 Regional ecological greening and water resource value-added system adopting neural network

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