Underground mining drilling machine
The invention relates to the technical field of underground mining and drilling, in particular to an underground mining drilling machine.
The underground mining is an underground mining mode relative to an open-pit mining mode in the mine mining industry, namely, a footrill exploitation mode is used for entering the position of an underground ore body for mining, and underground mining also has exploitation modes such as a vertical shaft and an inclined shaft, and is mainly applied to the process of mining ores such as marble at present.
The rig is adopted in current common cave when mining operation, and the angle, the direction of rig and the adjustment of drilling position are comparatively difficult, are unfavorable for constructor's nimble operation, have reduced the efficiency of mining, and secondly, the operation of operating on the computer is all the manual work mostly to current device, has increased the potential safety hazard of job site.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
In order to overcome the prior art not enough, the present drilling machine is adopted in cave is provided, solve present common drilling machine is adopted in cave when mining operation, the adjustment of the angle, the direction and the drilling position of rig is comparatively difficult, is unfavorable for constructor's nimble operation, has reduced the efficiency of mining, secondly, current device is mostly the manual operation of operating on the computer, has increased the problem of job site's potential safety hazard.
(II) technical scheme
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the invention provides an underground mining drilling machine which comprises a drilling machine frame and two rotary mechanisms, wherein a machine frame protective shell is fixed on the periphery of the drilling machine frame through bolts, the rotary mechanisms are rotatably connected to two side walls of the outer portion of the machine frame protective shell through bearings, a rotary angle scale is formed on the peripheral wall of each rotary mechanism, an angle device is inserted into one side wall of the inner portion of each rotary mechanism, and a telescopic arm is welded to one side wall of the outer portion of each rotary mechanism and is provided with two telescopic arms.
By adopting the technical scheme, the angle gauge is used for intelligently measuring the rotation angle of the telescopic arm and transmitting the rotation angle into the monitoring equipment and the remote control end, so that the operation of a user is facilitated.
Furthermore, a cross chain is fixed to one end of the telescopic arm through a bolt, a main slide way is fixed to one end of the cross chain through a clamping groove, a laser positioning plate is welded to one side wall of the main slide way, and a laser positioning hole is formed in the laser positioning plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, but laser positioning plate pinpoints when needs location, prevents to punch the position error.
Furthermore, a power head assembly is fixed on the other side wall of the main slideway through a clamping groove, a drill rod is connected inside the power head assembly in a rolling mode, and one end of the drill rod is rotatably connected with a drill rod guide seat.
By adopting the technical scheme, the power head assembly is internally provided with a rotating structure, and the power head assembly is connected with and driven by the driving equipment inside the rack.
Further, main slide one side welding has vice slide, it is connected with the core pipe to rotate through the axle piece on the vice slide, the core pipe with the drilling rod passes through the key-type connection.
By adopting the technical scheme, the main slideway is used for sliding the drill rod, and the auxiliary slideway is used for sliding the core barrel.
Furthermore, a small motor is fixed at the bottom in the drill frame through a bolt, a large motor is fixed on one side of the small motor through a bolt, and an electric box is fixed on one side wall in the drill frame through a bolt.
By adopting the technical scheme, the control circuit system is integrated in the electrical box and used for controlling the operation of the device and receiving the signal of the remote control equipment.
Furthermore, the back of the frame protection shell is connected with a remote controller through a hook, the four corners of the bottom of the frame protection shell are spliced with telescopic support legs, and the middle of the bottom end of the drill frame is rotatably connected with a crawler chassis assembly.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. in order to solve the problems that the angle, the direction and the drilling position of the conventional common underground mining drilling machine are difficult to adjust during mining operation, flexible operation of constructors is not facilitated, and the mining efficiency is reduced, the underground mining drilling machine is provided with the crawler chassis assembly, the telescopic supporting legs and the drilling machine frame, drilling in a horizontal or certain inclination angle range can be performed, surrounding rotation and multi-angle drilling can be performed relative to the central shaft of the drilling machine, the underground mining stone material or other materials can be conveniently subjected to better auxiliary drilling, and the working efficiency is improved;
2. in order to solve the problem that most of devices of the existing common underground mining drilling machine are operated manually during mining operation, and the potential safety hazard of a construction site is increased, the invention effectively reduces the potential safety hazard of the construction site by arranging the electric box and the remote controller, increases the convenience and controllability of operation, improves the working efficiency, and greatly increases the stability and the safety of the system by the hydraulic system.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an underground mining drilling machine according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a drill rig frame in the underground mining drilling machine;
fig. 3 is a front view of a swing mechanism in a drilling machine for underground mining according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a top view of a remote controller in a drilling machine for underground mining according to the present invention.
The reference numerals are explained below:
1. a core barrel; 2. an auxiliary chute; 3. a drill rod guide seat; 4. a drill stem; 5. a power head assembly; 6. a main slideway; 7. laser positioning holes; 8. a cross chain; 9. a telescopic arm; 10. a swing mechanism; 11. a telescopic leg; 12. a crawler chassis assembly; 13. a frame protective housing; 14. a small motor; 15. a drill rig frame; 16. an electric box; 17. an angle device; 18. a rotation angle scale; 19. a large motor; 20. laser positioning plate; 21. and a remote controller.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the underground mining drilling machine in the embodiment includes a drilling machine frame 15 and a rotation mechanism 10, a frame protection shell 13 is fixed to the periphery of the drilling machine frame 15 through bolts, the rotation mechanism 10 is rotatably connected to two side walls of the outer portion of the frame protection shell 13 through bearings, a rotation angle scale 18 is formed on the outer peripheral wall of the rotation mechanism 10, an angle device 17 is inserted into one side wall of the inner portion of the rotation mechanism 10, a telescopic arm 9 is welded to one side wall of the outer portion of the rotation mechanism 10, the number of the telescopic arms 9 is two, and the angle device 17 is used for intelligently determining the rotation angle of the telescopic arm 9 and transmitting the rotation angle to a monitoring device and a remote control end, so that the.
The telescopic arm 9 one end is fixed with cross chain 8 through the bolt, and 8 one ends of cross chain are fixed with main slide 6 through the draw-in groove, and the welding has laser locating plate 20 on the 6 lateral walls of main slide, and the shaping has laser locating hole 7 on the laser locating plate 20, and laser locating plate 20 can pinpoint when needs location, prevents that the position of punching error from appearing.
A power head assembly 5 is fixed on the other side wall of the main slideway 6 through a clamping groove, a drill rod 4 is connected in the power head assembly 5 in a rolling mode, one end of the drill rod 4 is rotatably connected with a drill rod guide seat 3, and the power head assembly 5 is internally of a rotating structure and is connected and driven by a driving device in the rack.
The welding of 6 one side of main slide has vice slide 2, rotates through the axle piece on the vice slide 2 to be connected with core barrel 1, and core barrel 1 passes through the key-type connection with drilling rod 4, and main slide 6 is used for sliding drilling rod 4, and vice slide 2 is used for sliding core barrel 1.
The inner bottom of the drill frame 15 is fixed with a small motor 14 through a bolt, one side of the small motor 14 is fixed with a large motor 19 through a bolt, one side wall of the inner side of the drill frame 15 is fixed with an electric box 16 through a bolt, and a control circuit system is integrated in the electric box 16 and used for controlling the operation of the device and receiving signals of remote control equipment.
The back of the frame protective shell 13 is connected with a remote controller 21 through a hook, the four corners of the bottom of the frame protective shell 13 are inserted with telescopic supporting legs 11, and the middle of the bottom end of the drill frame 15 is rotatably connected with a crawler chassis assembly 12.
The specific implementation process of this embodiment is as follows: the equipment adopts a 380V motor to provide power, then transmits and outputs power through a hydraulic system, adopts an electric control and remote controller 21 for dual control, a rotary mechanism 10 drives a closed pump by a large motor 19, outputs a hydraulic power output value to a power head hydraulic motor, then outputs the hydraulic power to a drill rod 4 through a power head assembly 5 for rotation, the drill rod 4 can directly drive a drill bit to drill, and can also drive a core barrel 1 to perform processes such as drilling and coring, and the like, adopts the closed hydraulic system to effectively provide stable and reliable power and reduce power loss, can control the rotation speed of the drill rod 4 in a stepless speed change manner, can select proper speed according to requirements, and can realize the actions of walking, integral rotation, telescopic vertical rotation arm, vertical rotation, telescopic of four groups of supporting legs, auxiliary carriage displacement, power head propulsion and the like of a drilling machine frame 15, and the actions such as small motor 14 provides power and, hydraulic power is transmitted to each required component to ensure the operation of actions, required water pipes and cables are connected, then the drilling machine is operated to the position required to work by a remote controller 21, the angle of the drill rod 4 or the core tube 1 is adjusted to the position required by the work by changing the action function through functions of horizontal rotation, vertical rotation, telescopic arm 9 stretching and the like, if a hole position needs laser to be determined on site, the hole position can be calibrated through a laser calibration hole, the calibrated hole position is the required hole position, then the drilling operation can be carried out, the drilling speed, the rotation speed, the propelling pressure and the like are adjusted according to experience and requirements, the drilling machine can carry out extension rod drilling, and the drilling depth is controlled according to requirements. The equipment can drill holes horizontally or within a certain inclination angle range, can perform surrounding rotation and multi-angle drilling relative to the central shaft of the drilling machine, and can change the aperture size according to the working requirement, so that the equipment can quickly and conveniently perform better auxiliary drilling on the quarrying materials or other materials so as to cut and take materials more quickly; the mining process can be used for drilling holes in large areas for the exploitation of tunnels, then the splitting oil cylinder is used or stretches into the holes to expand and break rock, the excavation is convenient, the risk of explosive blasting and other violent blasting is avoided, the environment cannot be polluted, the remote controller 21 is adopted for operation and control, the potential safety hazard of a construction site is effectively reduced, the convenience and the controllability of operation are improved, the working efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the stability and the safety of the system are greatly improved through a hydraulic system.
The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and do not limit the spirit and scope of the present invention. Various modifications and improvements of the technical solutions of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the design concept of the present invention, and the technical contents of the present invention are all described in the claims.