CN211217993U - Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211217993U
CN211217993U CN201922316436.2U CN201922316436U CN211217993U CN 211217993 U CN211217993 U CN 211217993U CN 201922316436 U CN201922316436 U CN 201922316436U CN 211217993 U CN211217993 U CN 211217993U
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worm
solid
liquid separation
box
chamber
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CN201922316436.2U
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许港婷
刘吉粤
杨金河
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Central South University
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Central South University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an environmental protection solid-liquid separation equipment for kitchen garbage, including handling case and collecting box, open the inside of collecting box has fermentation chamber and ponding chamber, handles one side fixedly connected with blanking case of case, and the inside of handling the case is opened there is crushing chamber, and the inside of collecting box is equipped with solid-liquid separation equipment, and solid-liquid separation equipment includes the transmission pipe, drainage hole and first worm, the utility model discloses a rotate first worm and make solid waste remove left, and the waste water in the rubbish can follow the drainage hole and flow out, and final solid waste is collected the inside in fermentation chamber, and waste water is collected the inside in ponding chamber, makes solid-liquid separation's efficiency higher, makes the device have higher practicality then.

Description

Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a kitchen refuse treatment technical field specifically is a kitchen garbage is with environmental protection solid-liquid separation equipment.
Background
The kitchen waste mainly refers to waste generated in a kitchen, generally is a mixture of solid food waste and liquid, is easy to rot after being stored for a long time, breeds bacteria and attracts mosquitoes, environmental pollution can be caused due to untimely treatment, solid food residues or solid deteriorated waste food are poured out in the traditional method, then the food waste is transported to a garbage landfill site for landfill through a waste transfer station by a garbage transport vehicle, and the solid food waste can be mixed with oil stain soup, if solid-liquid separation treatment is not carried out, the phenomenon of sewage cross flow easily occurs in the transportation process of the kitchen waste, the environment along the way is polluted, and the kitchen waste is extremely insanitary, so that the environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for the kitchen waste is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an environmental protection solid-liquid separation equipment for kitchen rubbish to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: an environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage comprises a treatment box and a collection box, wherein the treatment box is fixedly connected to the upper side of the collection box, the inside of the collecting box is provided with a fermentation cavity and a water accumulation cavity, the treatment box is communicated with the water accumulation cavity, one side of the treatment box is fixedly connected with a blanking box, a blanking port at the lower end of the blanking box is communicated with a feeding port of the fermentation cavity, a crushing cavity is arranged inside the treatment box, a crushing wheel for crushing the kitchen garbage is rotatably connected inside the crushing cavity, the inside of the treatment box is provided with a solid-liquid separation device which comprises a transmission pipe, one end of the conveying pipe extends to the interior of the blanking box, a feeding port of the conveying pipe is communicated with a discharging port of the crushing cavity, and a water filtering hole for filtering wastewater is formed in the lower side wall of the transmission pipe, and a first worm for driving solid garbage to move towards the inside of the blanking box is rotatably connected to the inside of the transmission pipe.
Preferably, the inner cavity of the transmission pipe is gradually reduced from right to left, the spiral distance of the first worm is also gradually reduced from right to left, and the left end of the first worm is slidably sleeved with a block for sealing the left end of the transmission pipe through a spring.
Preferably, the inside fixed mounting who handles the case has first motor, first motor drive crushing wheel is rotatory, the one end of crushing wheel is connected with first worm through reduction gear set.
Preferably, the interior of the blanking box is fixedly connected with a deodorizing device above the conveying pipe, and the upper side surface of the blanking box is connected with an exhaust pipe.
Preferably, the side wall of the blanking box is fixedly connected with a fungus box for containing microorganisms, the bottom side of the interior of the fungus box is rotatably connected with a second worm, and a rotating shaft of the second worm extends to the interior of the blanking box and is fixedly connected with a plurality of baffles.
Preferably, the bottom side of the fermentation cavity is rotatably connected with a third worm, the third worm is driven to rotate by a second motor, and a discharge port is formed in one end of the third worm and positioned on the side wall of the fermentation cavity.
Preferably, the inside fixedly connected with controller of handling the case, just be equipped with on the controller and control the panel.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model makes the solid garbage move leftwards by rotating the first worm, and the waste water in the garbage flows out from the water filtering hole, finally the solid garbage is collected in the fermentation cavity, and the waste water is collected in the water accumulation cavity, so that the device has higher practicability, and the phenomena of sewage cross flow and one path of pollution side of a transport vehicle for transporting the kitchen garbage are avoided; the inner cavity of the conveying pipe is gradually reduced from right to left, and the screw pitch of the first worm is also gradually reduced from right to left, so that the garbage moves towards the left end of the conveying pipe, the space where the garbage is located is smaller, the garbage is gradually extruded at the moment, and liquid contained in the garbage is slowly extruded, so that the solid-liquid separation efficiency is higher; and the second worm is driven to rotate when the solid garbage falls into the fermentation cavity, and the microorganisms in the bacteria box are rolled out when the second worm rotates, so that the fermentation and decomposition of the solid garbage are accelerated.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the point a of fig. 2 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the second worm, baffle and transfer tube of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the crushing wheel, the reduction gear set and the first worm according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the transmission pipe, the water filtering hole and the first worm of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the crushing chamber, crushing wheel and reduction gear set of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a sectional view of the collecting box, the fermentation chamber, the water collecting chamber and the third worm of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a treatment box, 2, a collection box, 201, a fermentation cavity, 202, a water accumulation cavity, 3, a crushing cavity, 4, a crushing wheel, 5, a solid-liquid separation device, 501, a transmission pipe, 502, a water filtering hole, 503, a first worm, 6, a blanking box, 7, a spring, 8, a blocking block, 9, a first motor, 10, a reduction gear set, 11, a deodorization device, 12, an exhaust pipe, 13, a bacteria box, 14, a second worm, 15, a baffle, 16, a third worm, 17, a second motor, 18, an exhaust port, 19, a controller, 20 and a control panel.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides an environmental protection solid-liquid separation equipment for kitchen rubbish, is including handling case 1 and collecting box 2, it is at the upside of collecting box 2 to handle case 1 fixed connection, open the inside of collecting box 2 has fermentation chamber 201 and ponding chamber 202, and fermentation chamber 201 is the device of collecting solid rubbish, and solid rubbish collects the inside back in fermentation chamber 201, utilizes the effect of microorganism, decomposes solid rubbish, and ponding chamber 202 is the effect of collecting waste water, and the bottom in ponding chamber 202 is equipped with the outlet, is convenient for discharge the waste water of ponding chamber 202 inside, it communicates each other with ponding chamber 202 to handle case 1, one side fixedly connected with blanking case 6 of handling case 1, as shown in figure 1, blanking case 6 fixed connection is in the left side of handling case 1, the lower extreme blanking mouth of blanking case 6 communicates with the pan feeding mouth in fermentation chamber 201 each other, it has crushing chamber 3 to handle the inside of case 1, the upper end of the crushing cavity 3 is provided with a cover plate for preventing garbage from splashing to the outside when being crushed, the inside of the crushing cavity 3 is rotatably connected with a crushing wheel 4 for crushing kitchen garbage, the kitchen garbage is poured into the inside of the crushing cavity 3, the crushing wheel 4 can crush the garbage when rotating, the inside of the treatment tank 1 is provided with a solid-liquid separation device 5, the solid-liquid separation device 5 comprises a transmission pipe 501, one end of the transmission pipe 501 extends to the inside of a blanking box 6, the solid garbage can fall into the inside of a fermentation cavity 201 from the inside of the blanking box 6 after being separated from waste water, a feeding port of the transmission pipe 501 is communicated with a discharging port of the crushing cavity 3, the garbage crushed by the crushing wheel 4 in the crushing cavity 3 can directly fall into the transmission pipe 501 and is subjected to solid-liquid separation in the transmission pipe 501, and a water filtering hole 502 for filtering the waste water is formed in the lower side wall of the transmission pipe 501, the first worm 503 for driving the solid waste to move towards the inside of the blanking box 6 is rotatably connected to the inside of the transmission pipe 501, the waste water doped in the waste can flow into the water accumulation cavity 202 from the water filtering hole 502, and the solid waste can move leftwards in the transmission pipe 501 by the rotation of the first worm 503, and finally the solid waste can fall into the blanking box 6 from the left end of the transmission pipe 501.
In order to improve the solid-liquid separation efficiency, specifically, the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 501 is gradually reduced from right to left, and the spiral pitch of the first worm 503 is also gradually reduced from right to left, because the inner cavity of the conveying pipe 501 is gradually reduced from right to left and the screw pitch of the first worm 503 is also gradually reduced from right to left, the garbage moves towards the left end of the conveying pipe 501, the space occupied by the garbage is smaller, the garbage is gradually squeezed at the moment, the waste water contained in the garbage is slowly squeezed out, so that the solid-liquid separation efficiency is higher, the left end of the first worm 503 is slidably sleeved with a blocking block 8 for closing the left end of the conveying pipe 501 through a spring 7, the spring 7 has a certain jacking force on the blocking block 8, so that the blocking block 8 blocks the left end of the conveying pipe 501, when the solid garbage moves to the left end of the conveying pipe 501, the solid garbage needs a certain jacking force to enable the blocking block 8 to overcome the elastic force of the spring 7 to slide so that the left port of the conveying pipe 501 is opened, then the blocking block 8 can provide reverse pressing force to the solid garbage, so the pressing force can also play a role in extruding the waste water in the solid garbage, and the waste water in the solid garbage is ensured to be completely separated.
Specifically, a first motor 9 is fixedly arranged inside the processing box 1, the first motor 9 drives the crushing wheel 4 to rotate, one end of the crushing wheel 4 is connected with a first worm 503 through a reduction gear set 10, and a first motor 9 is a power device for rotating the crushing wheel 4 and the first worm 503, as shown in figure 2, when the first motor 9 is started, the crushing wheel 4 and the first worm 503 rotate simultaneously, and the speed reduction gear set 10 enables the rotation speed of the crushing wheel 4 to be far larger than that of the first worm 503, so that the high rotation speed of the crushing wheel 4 is convenient for effective crushing of the garbage, meanwhile, due to the low-speed rotation of the first worm 503, not only can the solid waste be ensured to move leftwards along with the rotation of the first worm 503, but also when the solid waste slides leftwards at a low speed, the waste water doped in the solid waste can have sufficient time to completely flow out from the inside of the water filtering holes 502, and then the solid-liquid separation efficiency is improved.
In order to make fermentation chamber 201 communicate with the external world so that provide the required oxygen of microorganism at the inside fermentation rubbish of fermentation chamber 201, specifically speaking, the top fixedly connected with deodorizing device 11 that the inside of blanking case 6 just is located transmission pipe 501, just the side is connected with blast pipe 12 on blanking case 6, and blast pipe 12 plays the effect of intercommunication fermentation chamber 201 and outside air, and deodorizing device 11 filters the deodorization to the gas of fermentation chamber 201 combustion gas to avoid the inside foul smell of fermentation chamber 201 to give off in the air.
Specifically, a fungus box 13 for containing microorganisms is fixedly connected to the side wall of the fungus box 6, a cover plate is arranged on the upper side of the fungus box 13, so that the fungus box 13 is conveniently sealed, a second worm 14 is rotatably connected to the bottom side of the interior of the fungus box 13, a rotating shaft of the second worm 14 extends to the interior of the fungus box 6 and is fixedly connected with a plurality of baffles 15, the baffles 15 are fixed on the rotating shaft of the second worm 14 in a circumferential array manner, when solid waste falls into the interior of the fungus box 6 from the interior of the conveying pipe 501, in the falling process, the solid waste falls on the baffles 15 to enable the baffles 15 to drive the second worm 14 to rotate, at the moment, the second worm 14 rolls the microorganisms in the fungus box 13 to the interior of the fungus box 6 and falls into the interior of the fermentation chamber 201 along with the solid waste, and the feeding amount of the microorganisms and the amount of the solid waste falling into the fermentation chamber 201 are in a certain proportion, the fermentation speed of the solid garbage is convenient to accelerate.
In order to discharge the garbage in the fermentation cavity 201 conveniently, specifically, a third worm 16 is rotatably connected to the bottom side of the fermentation cavity 201, the third worm 16 is driven to rotate by a second motor 17, the second motor 17 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the collection box 2, a discharge port 18 is formed in one end of the third worm 16 and located on the side wall of the fermentation cavity 201, when the second motor 17 is started, the second motor 17 drives the third worm 16 to rotate, at this time, the third worm 16 rolls the garbage in the fermentation cavity 201 out of the discharge port 18, so that the speed of discharging the garbage in the fermentation cavity 201 is increased, and when the garbage is fermented in the fermentation cavity 201, the discharge port 18 can be covered by a cover to be closed, so that the gas in the fermentation cavity 201 is prevented from being discharged from the discharge port 18 to pollute the air.
Particularly, handle the inside fixedly connected with controller 19 of case 1, just be equipped with on the controller 19 and control panel 20, controller 19 is connected with first motor 9, second motor 17 electricity, control and be equipped with the first motor 9 of control, the button of second motor 17 on the panel 20, when pressing corresponding button, first motor 9, the second motor 17 that controller 19 can control and the button corresponds start or stop to make the device normal operating, controller 19 and control panel 20 all have the technical scheme of open use at present, and its structure and principle also do not the utility model discloses a technical feature place, the event is not repeated, for example, controller 19 adopts the STM32 model.
The working principle is as follows: during the use, place the device at rubbish deposit points such as district rubbish recovery website or dining room rubbish deposit site, then regularly handle the kitchen rubbish of rubbish recovery point by sanitationman or staff every day, for example, 6 pm every day, sanitationman or staff carry out discharge treatment to the kitchen rubbish that drops into the device inside yesterday (the inside kitchen rubbish of the device is the solid-liquid separation back and collects at the inside solid refuse of fermentation chamber 201 and the inside waste water of ponding chamber 202), treat the inside rubbish discharge treatment back of the device, drop into the device with the kitchen rubbish of newly placing at rubbish deposit point again in to this circulation, the process of putting in the kitchen rubbish as the device is: the device is controlled to work through the control panel 20 after being electrified, kitchen waste is poured into the crushing cavity 3, the first motor 9 is started at the moment, the first motor 9 drives the crushing wheel 4 and the first worm 503 to rotate at the moment, then the crushing wheel 4 can crush the waste, the crushed waste directly falls into the transmission pipe 501, waste water doped in the waste is enabled to flow into the accumulated water cavity 202 from the water filtering hole 502, the waste water in the kitchen waste can be uniformly treated, the solid waste falling into the transmission pipe 501 is enabled to move leftwards through rotation of the first worm 503, finally the solid waste falls into the blanking box 6 from the left end of the transmission pipe 501 and directly falls into the fermentation cavity 201, in the falling process, the solid waste falls onto the baffle 15 to enable the baffle 15 to drive the second worm 14 to rotate, at the moment, the second worm 14 enables microorganisms in the bacteria box 13 to be rolled into the blanking box 6 and fall into the fermentation box 6 together with the solid waste Inside the cavity 201, thereby accelerate the fermentation speed of solid waste, after solid waste ferments for a certain time (fermentation time can be for one day, from yesterday 6 pm to present day 6 pm), control panel 20 through control and control that second motor 17 starts, second motor 17 drives third worm 16 and rotates the back and make third worm 16 discharge the rubbish in fermentation cavity 201 from discharge port 18, the kitchen rubbish after the solid-liquid separation is convenient for the later stage transportation and is handled.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a kitchen is environmental protection solid-liquid separation equipment for rubbish, is including handling case (1) and collecting box (2), handle the upside of case (1) fixed connection at collecting box (2), its characterized in that: the inside of collecting box (2) is opened there are fermentation chamber (201) and ponding chamber (202), it communicates each other with ponding chamber (202) to handle case (1), one side fixedly connected with blanking box (6) of handling case (1), the lower extreme blanking mouth of blanking box (6) communicates each other with the pan feeding mouth of fermentation chamber (201), the inside of handling case (1) is opened there is crushing chamber (3), the inside rotation of crushing chamber (3) is connected with crushing wheel (4) that are used for smashing kitchen rubbish, the inside of handling case (1) is equipped with solid-liquid separation equipment (5), solid-liquid separation equipment (5) are including transmission pipe (501), the one end of transmission pipe (501) extends to the inside of blanking box (6), the pan feeding mouth of transmission pipe (501) communicates each other with the discharge gate of crushing chamber (3), and it has hole (502) the drainage that is used for filtering waste water to open on the lower lateral wall of transmission pipe (501), the interior of the conveying pipe (501) is rotatably connected with a first worm (503) used for driving the solid garbage to move towards the interior of the blanking box (6).
2. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner cavity of the transmission pipe (501) is gradually reduced from right to left, the spiral distance of the first worm (503) is also gradually reduced from right to left, and the left end of the first worm (503) is slidably sleeved with a block (8) for sealing the left end of the transmission pipe (501) through a spring (7).
3. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inside fixed mounting who handles case (1) has first motor (9), first motor (9) drive crushing wheel (4) are rotatory, the one end of crushing wheel (4) is passed through reduction gear group (10) and is connected with first worm (503).
4. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the interior of the blanking box (6) is fixedly connected with a deodorizing device (11) above the conveying pipe (501), and the upper side surface of the blanking box (6) is connected with an exhaust pipe (12).
5. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the side wall of the blanking box (6) is fixedly connected with a bacterium box (13) used for containing microorganisms, the bottom side of the interior of the bacterium box (13) is rotatably connected with a second worm (14), and the rotating shaft of the second worm (14) extends to the interior of the blanking box (6) and is fixedly connected with a plurality of baffles (15).
6. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom side of the fermentation cavity (201) is rotatably connected with a third worm (16), the third worm (16) is driven to rotate by a second motor (17), and a discharge port (18) is formed in one end of the third worm (16) and located on the side wall of the fermentation cavity (201).
7. The environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inside fixedly connected with controller (19) of handling case (1), just be equipped with on controller (19) and control panel (20).
CN201922316436.2U 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage Active CN211217993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922316436.2U CN211217993U (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922316436.2U CN211217993U (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211217993U true CN211217993U (en) 2020-08-11

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ID=71927889

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922316436.2U Active CN211217993U (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211217993U (en)

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