CN211587920U - Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste - Google Patents

Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211587920U
CN211587920U CN201922163660.2U CN201922163660U CN211587920U CN 211587920 U CN211587920 U CN 211587920U CN 201922163660 U CN201922163660 U CN 201922163660U CN 211587920 U CN211587920 U CN 211587920U
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China
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oil
plate
water
kettle
gas
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CN201922163660.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
巫世财
陈超
周东海
胡影
杨俊强
鞠率
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Nanjing Xipu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Nanjing Xipu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a comprehensive treatment device for food waste, which comprises a frame, and a reaction kettle, a gas collecting bin, a deodorizer and an oil-water separator which are arranged on the frame; the gas collection bin is communicated with the inner cavity of the kettle body and is used for collecting gas in the kettle body; a first exhaust pipe is arranged on the gas collecting bin; a discharge port is also formed on the kettle body, and a discharge door is arranged on the discharge port; the first exhaust pipe is communicated with the deodorizer through a fan, and the fan is used for feeding the gas in the gas collection bin into the deodorizer; the oil-water separator is arranged below the reaction kettle, a kettle body drain pipe is arranged on the kettle body and communicated with the oil-water separator, and an oil fishing device is arranged in the oil-water separator and used for fishing out oil in the oil-water separator; a feeding frame is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack and used for conveying the garbage into the reaction kettle. The method and the device can ferment, decompose and classify the food waste, improve the additional value of the food waste and reduce the pollution of the food waste to the environment.

Description

Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste
Technical Field
The utility model discloses a belong to meal waste comprehensive treatment equipment, concretely relates to device of meal waste is handled to method of fermentation decomposition, belong to the environmental protection field.
Background
With the rapid development of the economy of China, the improvement of the living standard of people and the acceleration of the urbanization process, the garbage yield of urban life is also rapidly increased. The daily output of domestic garbage in large-scale cities is more than 4000t, wherein the amount of the food garbage accounts for 50 percent, and as a key point in the field of waste treatment in China, how to effectively treat the perishable food garbage with rich organic matter content and high water content is always a focus in the industry.
In recent years, under the drive of rapid development of the catering industry, the yield of kitchen waste rapidly rises, the national kitchen waste yield is from 7828 ten thousand tons in 2010 to 10800 ten thousand tons in 2018, the investment scale of national kitchen waste treatment in 2018 reaches 34.34 million yuan, along with the perfection and soundness of all links, the market space is further enlarged, and final products produced by the treatment of the waste of meals comprise feeds, biodiesel, fertilizers and the like. At present, the scale degree of final treatment products of the food waste in China is not high, the yield is low, the application is limited, and the development potential is large. The utilization rate of the food waste is still not high, the national yield is only 100 ten thousand tons at present, the total diesel oil accounts for less than 1 percent, a plurality of states in the United states use the biomass diesel oil, the annual yield exceeds 300 ten thousand tons, countries such as France Brazil and the like require that the diesel oil must be mixed with 5 percent of the biodiesel, and the biodiesel in China can be rapidly developed along with the release of future markets.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses aim at the remaining rubbish of effective processing meal, the utility model provides an adopt the method of the remaining rubbish of integrated processing meal, ferment, decompose, classify the remaining rubbish of meal. The added value of the food waste is improved, and the pollution of the food waste to the environment is reduced. The specific technical scheme is as follows:
a comprehensive treatment device for food waste comprises a frame, and a reaction kettle, a gas collecting bin, a deodorizer and an oil-water separator which are arranged on the frame;
the reaction kettle comprises a kettle body and a kettle cover, wherein a feed inlet is arranged at the top of the kettle body, the kettle cover covers the feed inlet in an openable and closable manner, a gas collection bin is arranged at the top of the kettle body, and the gas collection bin is communicated with an inner cavity of the kettle body and is used for collecting gas in the kettle body; a first exhaust pipe is arranged on the gas collecting bin; a discharge port is also formed on the kettle body, and a discharge door is arranged on the discharge port;
the first exhaust pipe is communicated with the deodorizer through a fan, the fan is used for sending the gas in the gas collection bin into the deodorizer, and the fan is fixedly arranged on the rack;
the oil-water separator is arranged below the reaction kettle, a kettle body drain pipe is arranged on the kettle body and communicated with the oil-water separator, and an oil fishing device is arranged in the oil-water separator and used for fishing out oil in sewage in the oil-water separator;
a feeding frame is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack and used for conveying the garbage into the reaction kettle. Preferably, the loading frame is a rail chain type lifter, and a position limiter is installed at the top of the loading frame.
Utilize this application, utilize reation kettle to make the surplus rubbish of meal rot, decompose under the effect of biological fungus, the high oil content high moisture in the surplus rubbish of meal separates from the meal sediment, and the peculiar smell gas that produces in the reaction carries out the gaseous processing of peculiar smell through the deodorizer, prevents that the peculiar smell gas from directly discharging in the atmosphere. And (4) carrying out oil-water separation on the liquid discharged from the reaction kettle through an oil-water separator. In this application, equipment structure is compact, simple, and area is little, and the practicality is strong, effective utilization is high, environmental protection effect is showing.
Specifically, the kettle body of the reaction kettle is horizontal, and comprises a groove body extending along the horizontal direction, and a first end plate and a second end plate which are hermetically arranged at two ends of the groove body; a stirring paddle is arranged in the reaction kettle, a stirring shaft of the stirring paddle is rotationally arranged on the first end plate and the second end plate, one end of the stirring shaft extends out of the first end plate to form a driving end, a stirring motor is arranged on the frame, and an output shaft of the stirring motor is connected with the driving end so as to drive the stirring shaft to rotate;
a drain hole and a water bucket are arranged on the second end plate, the drain hole is communicated with the inner cavity of the water bucket, and a kettle body drain pipe is connected to the lower part of the water bucket; install a wash port switching device in the outside of this cauldron body, this wash port switching device includes a first electric putter, a connecting plate and a switch board, and this switch board is platelike and sets up in the bucket, and this first electric putter fixed mounting is on the lateral surface of cell body, and this switch board is connected to first electric putter's push rod through this connecting plate on, under this electric putter's drive, this switch board can be sealed or open the wash port.
The drain hole opening and closing device can ensure the smoothness of the drain hole, avoid the problem that foreign matters in the drain water block the valve when other conventional valves are adopted, and effectively avoid the blocking phenomenon because the switch board is plate-shaped.
Further, a filtering component is arranged in the inner cavity of the kettle body, and the filtering component comprises a mesh plate and a wear-resistant plate which are attached together; the mesh plate comprises a plate-shaped first body, wherein the first body is provided with filtering holes, the filtering holes penetrate through two sides of the first body in the thickness direction, and the central part of the first body is provided with a first mounting hole; the wear-resistant pore plate comprises a plate-shaped second body, at least two water through holes are formed in the second body, the water through holes penetrate through two sides of the second body in the thickness direction, and a second mounting hole is formed in the center of the second body; the first mounting hole and the second mounting hole are formed into a filtering mounting hole together, the filtering assembly is fixedly mounted on a stirring shaft of the stirring paddle through the filtering mounting hole, the wear-resistant pore plate is attached to the inner side surface of the second end plate, the filtering pore plate is attached to one side of the wear-resistant pore plate, which is far away from the second end plate, and each water passing hole is at least communicated with one filtering hole; the at least two water holes are annularly arranged around the second mounting hole, the filter assembly can rotate along with the stirring shaft, and when the filter assembly rotates along with the stirring shaft, the at least two water holes can be sequentially communicated with the drain hole. The wear-resistant orifice plate is made of polytetrafluoroethylene materials.
Liquid in the reaction kettle is filtered through the mesh plate to enter the water passing hole of the wear-resistant mesh plate, the water passing hole can form a small water storage cavity due to the blocking of the second end plate, and when the water passing hole rotates to be communicated with the drain hole, the liquid in the water storage cavity is discharged from the drain hole. Due to the friction between the wear-resistant hole plate and the second end plate, the blockage of the drainage hole caused by the accumulation of solid wastes at the drainage hole is avoided. The problem of uneven water outlet can be solved by utilizing the water storage cavity formed by the water holes.
Further, this gas collection storehouse includes the bottom plate of fixed connection at the top of the cauldron body and fixes the roof on the bottom plate, forms a gas collecting cavity between this roof and bottom plate, sets up the gas gathering hole of intercommunication cauldron internal chamber and gas collecting cavity on this bottom plate, and one side of this bottom plate outwards surpasss and forms into the discharge portion behind the cauldron body, set up on this discharge portion the outage with first blast pipe, the top of this first blast pipe is higher than the top of outage, and the bottom surface of discharge portion is all run through downwards to this first blast pipe and outage, and this outage intercommunication oil water separator.
The bottom plate of the gas collection cavity is directly fixed at the top of the kettle body and becomes a part of the top cover of the kettle body, so that the whole volume of the equipment is reduced. Simultaneously, the first exhaust pipe and the liquid discharge pipe are both discharged downwards, so that the liquid and the gas in the gas collection bin can be both smoothly discharged, and the generation of accumulated liquid in the gas collection bin is avoided.
Further, in order to ensure the treatment effect on the waste gas, the deodorizer comprises a washing tank and an adsorption tank, the tops of which are mutually communicated, wherein the adsorption tank is filled with activated carbon, and the bottom of the adsorption tank is provided with a clean gas outlet; the bottom of the water washing box is provided with a washing water inlet pipe, the side wall of the water washing box is provided with a washing water drain pipe, the bottom of the inner cavity of the water washing box is provided with an exhaust gas pipe, and the exhaust gas pipe is communicated with an outlet of the fan.
In order to improve the treatment effect on the waste gas, an ultraviolet lamp is arranged in the adsorption box and is positioned above the active carbon.
Further, the oil-water separator comprises a liquid storage bin and an oil fishing box arranged at the top of the liquid storage bin; the oil fishing box is internally provided with an oil fishing device which comprises an oil fishing disc rotationally arranged in the oil fishing box, the oil fishing disc is arranged along the vertical direction, one side of the oil fishing disc is provided with an oil scraping plate, the oil scraping plate is used for hanging waste oil adhered on the oil fishing disc, the oil fishing box is provided with an oil scraping motor used for driving the oil fishing disc to rotate, and an output shaft of the oil scraping motor is connected with a rotating shaft of the oil fishing disc; and the oil fishing box is provided with an oil discharge pipe, and the oil discharge pipe is used for receiving the waste oil on the oil scraping plate and discharging the waste oil.
In order to avoid that the waste oil is bonded on the oil fishing plate and other equipment and is not easy to flow when the temperature is too low, and the oil fishing effect is influenced, a warm air blower is arranged on the oil fishing box, and the air outlet of the warm air blower blows to the oil scraping plate; a heater is arranged in the liquid storage bin. The waste oil in the sewage in the liquid storage bin can be further ensured to be in a liquid state by the arrangement of the heater, and the solidification and caking are avoided.
In order to facilitate the opening and closing of the kettle cover, one side of the kettle cover is formed into a mounting side, an opening and closing rod is mounted on the mounting side, the opening and closing rod extends towards the direction departing from the kettle cover, the mounting side is rotatably mounted on the kettle body through a hinge shaft, a second electric push rod is mounted on the machine frame, a push rod of the second electric push rod is connected to the opening and closing rod, and the second electric push rod is used for opening or closing the kettle cover on the kettle body.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a view from direction a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a top view of fig. 2.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a reaction vessel with the vessel lid removed.
Fig. 5 is a view from direction B in fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a view in the direction of C in fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is a top view of fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a left side view of fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the drain hole opening and closing means.
Fig. 10 is a view from direction D in fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a top view of fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a right side view of fig. 10.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the filter assembly.
Fig. 14 is a radial view of the filter assembly.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the structure of a mesh plate.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of a wear-resistant orifice plate.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view of the structure of the deodorizer.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of fig. 17 with the top cover removed.
Fig. 19 is a view E of fig. 17 with portions of the side panels removed to reveal internal construction.
Fig. 20 is a top view of fig. 19.
Fig. 21 is a left side view of fig. 19.
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of the structure of the oil-water separator.
Fig. 23 is a plan view of the oil-water separator.
Fig. 24 is a view in the direction H-H in fig. 23.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of embodiments of the invention refers to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a comprehensive treatment device for food waste comprises a frame 1, and a reaction kettle 2, a gas collection bin 5, a deodorizer 4 and an oil-water separator 3 mounted on the frame.
Referring to fig. 4-8, the reaction vessel includes a vessel body 21 and a vessel cover 27 covering the vessel body in an openable manner, and a gas collecting chamber 5 is disposed at the top of the vessel body and connected to the inner cavity of the vessel body for collecting gas in the vessel body.
In this embodiment, the kettle body 21 of the reaction kettle is horizontal, and the kettle body comprises a tank body 211 extending along the horizontal direction, and a first end plate 212 and a second end plate 213 hermetically installed at two ends of the tank body 211; a stirring paddle 22 is arranged in the reaction kettle, the stirring paddle 22 comprises a stirring shaft 221 and a stirring blade 222 fixed on the stirring shaft 221, the stirring shaft 221 is rotatably mounted on the first end plate 212 and the second end plate 213 through a bearing, one end of the stirring shaft extends out of the first end plate to form a driving end 224, a chain wheel 223 is mounted on the driving end 224, a stirring motor 50 is mounted on the frame 1, and an output shaft of the stirring motor 50 is connected to the chain wheel 223 of the driving end 224 through a chain 29 to drive the stirring shaft to rotate.
A discharge port is arranged at one side of the groove body, and a discharge door 28 is arranged on the discharge port. And silica gel heating sheets 25 are bonded on two sides of the tank body and used for heating materials of the reaction kettle.
A drain hole and a water bucket 23 are arranged on the second end plate 213, the drain hole is communicated with the inner cavity of the water bucket, and a kettle body drain pipe 231 is connected below the water bucket 23.
A drainage hole opening and closing device 24 is installed on the outer side of the tank body, and referring to fig. 9-12, the drainage hole opening and closing device 24 includes a first electric push rod 242, a connection plate 243 and a switch plate 244.
The switch plate 244 is plate-shaped and is arranged in the water bucket, the first electric push rod 242 is fixedly arranged on the outer side surface of the trough body, the switch plate 244 is connected to the push rod 2422 of the first electric push rod through the connecting plate 243, and the switch plate can close or open the water drainage hole under the driving of the first electric push rod. For convenience of installation, in this embodiment, an electric rod support 241 is installed obliquely below the tank body, and the first electric push rod 242 is fixed to the electric rod support 241.
A filter assembly 80 is arranged in the inner cavity of the kettle body, and referring to fig. 13-16, the filter assembly comprises a mesh plate 81 and a wear-resistant hole plate 82 which are attached together; the mesh plate 81 includes a first body 811 having a circular plate shape, a filter hole 812 penetrating both sides of the first body in a thickness direction is formed in the first body 811, and a first mounting hole 813 is formed in a central portion of the first body 811.
The wear-resistant hole plate 82 includes a second body 821 in a circular plate shape, a plurality of water passing holes 822 are opened on the second body 821, the water passing holes 822 penetrate through both sides of the second body in the thickness direction, and a second mounting hole 823 is opened at the center portion of the second body.
This first mounting hole and second installation form jointly to filter the mounting hole, and this filtering component filters mounting hole fixed mounting through this on the (mixing) shaft of stirring rake, and the wearing plate laminating is at the medial surface of second end plate, and this filtering plate laminating is in the one side that deviates from the second end plate of this wearing plate, and each crosses at least intercommunication one in water hole and crosses the filtration hole. The water holes are evenly distributed around the second mounting hole in an annular mode, the filtering assembly can rotate along with the stirring shaft, and when the filtering assembly rotates along with the stirring shaft, the water holes can be sequentially communicated with the drain holes. In this embodiment, the wear-resistant orifice plate is made of polytetrafluoroethylene.
With continued reference to FIGS. 1 and 3, the top of the vessel body is divided into two regions, one region for directly mounting the gas collecting chamber 5 and the other region forming the inlet 20 of the reaction vessel on which the vessel lid 27 is mounted. In order to open the kettle cover 27 conveniently, a second electric push rod 62 is arranged on the kettle cover, and the kettle cover 27 is opened and closed by the second electric push rod. One side of the kettle cover 27 is formed as a mounting side 271 on which a opening and closing lever 61 is mounted, the opening and closing lever 61 extending in a direction away from the kettle cover, the mounting side being rotatably mounted on the kettle body via a hinge shaft. The second electric push rod 62 is installed on the frame and is located under the opening and closing rod 61, the push rod of the second electric push rod is connected to the opening and closing rod 61, and the kettle cover is opened or closed on the kettle body by the second electric push rod.
In order to clean the reaction kettle, a cleaning water pipe 26 is installed in the reaction kettle, a water heater 7 and a booster pump 8 are installed on a rack, the booster pump 8 pumps cleaning water into the heater 7 for heating, and then the inside of the reaction kettle is cleaned after passing through a pipeline 71 and the cleaning water pipe 26.
A feeding frame is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack 1, the feeding frame is a guide rail chain type elevator, and the feeding frame is used for conveying garbage into the reaction kettle. The feeding frame comprises a guide rail 11 fixedly installed on one side of the frame, a feeding motor 12 fixed on the frame and a lifting frame 13 installed on the guide rail, wherein the guide rail 11 extends in the up-and-down direction, the feeding motor 12 drives the lifting frame 13 to move up and down along the guide rail 11 through a chain, a position limiter 131 is installed at the top of the guide rail 11 and used for limiting the lifting height of the lifting frame. The guide rail 11 is arranged adjacent to the reaction kettle and is close to the feeding hole 20 of the reaction kettle, the garbage can 100 is placed on the lifting frame 13, the lifting frame is lifted, the garbage can is lifted upwards, and the garbage in the garbage can is poured into the reaction kettle. The last work or material rest in this application adopts guide tracked chain hoisting device among the prior art, no longer gives unnecessary details.
The gas collecting bin 5 comprises a bottom plate 52 fixedly connected to the top of the kettle body and a top plate 51 fixed on the bottom plate, and a gas collecting cavity is formed between the top plate and the bottom plate. Set up the gas collecting hole 53 that communicates cauldron body inner chamber and gas collecting chamber on this bottom plate 52, one side of this bottom plate outwards surpasss and forms exhaust portion 521 behind the cauldron body, has seted up first exhaust pipe 54 and outage 55 on this exhaust portion 521, and the top of this first exhaust pipe 54 is higher than the top of outage 55, and the bottom surface of exhaust portion is all run through downwards to this first exhaust pipe and outage, and this first exhaust pipe communicates the deodorizer through fan 6. The fan is used for sending the gas in the gas collection bin into the deodorizer and is fixedly arranged on the frame. The drain hole 55 communicates with the oil-water separator 3.
Referring to fig. 17 to 21, the deodorizer 6 includes a water washing tank 44 and an adsorption tank 45 whose tops are communicated with each other, and in this embodiment, the water washing tank 44 and the adsorption tank 45 are divided by a tank 41 having a top cover 42 attached thereto by a partition 43. The top of the partition is lower than the top of the tank body, a gap is provided between the partition and the top cover, and the water washing tank 44 and the adsorption tank 45 are communicated through the gap.
The adsorption tank 45 is filled with activated carbon, and a purified gas exhaust port 453 and an adsorption tank drain pipe 454 are provided at the bottom of the adsorption tank. An activated carbon outlet 451 is provided at one side of the adsorption tank, and a side door 452 is attached to the activated carbon outlet, so that the activated carbon in the adsorption tank can be discharged through the activated carbon outlet to replace the activated carbon.
A washing water inlet pipe 441 and a washing tank drain pipe 442 are arranged at the bottom of the washing tank 44, a washing drain pipe 443 is arranged on the side wall of the washing tank, an exhaust gas pipe 444 is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the washing tank, the exhaust gas pipe 444 is communicated with an exhaust gas inlet 4441 arranged on the side wall of the washing tank, and the exhaust gas inlet 4441 is communicated with the outlet of the fan 6.
In this embodiment, an ultraviolet lamp 46 is provided in the adsorption tank, and the ultraviolet lamp is located above the activated carbon.
The oil-water separator 3 is installed below the reaction kettle, please refer to fig. 22-24, and the oil-water separator 3 includes a liquid storage tank 31 and an oil bailing box 32 disposed on the top of the liquid storage tank. An oil fishing device 34 is installed in the oil fishing box 32, the oil fishing device 34 comprises an oil fishing disc 341 rotatably installed in the oil fishing box, the oil fishing disc is installed along the vertical direction, an oil scraping plate 343 is arranged on one side of the oil fishing disc, the oil scraping plate 343 is used for hanging down the waste oil adhered on the oil fishing disc 341, an oil scraping motor 342 for driving the oil fishing disc to rotate is installed on the oil fishing box 32, and an output shaft of the oil scraping motor is connected with a rotating shaft of the oil fishing disc; an oil discharge pipe 344 is installed on the oil scooping box, and the oil discharge pipe 344 receives the waste oil on the oil scraping plate and discharges the waste oil. In this embodiment, the oil scraping plate is groove-shaped and is clamped at one side of the oil scoop plate in the radial direction, and the oil discharge pipe 344 penetrates through the oil scraping plate upwards. The oil in the sewage is fished out by the oil fishing device.
In order to avoid the waste oil from caking at low temperature and affecting the production, a fan heater 33 is arranged on the oil fishing box, and the air outlet of the fan heater blows to the oil scraping plate. A heater 318 is installed in the reservoir, and in this embodiment, the heater 318 is an electric heating rod.
The top of the liquid storage bin 31 is provided with a first liquid inlet 315 and a second liquid inlet 310, wherein the first liquid inlet 315 is communicated with the kettle body drain pipe 231, and the second liquid inlet 310 is communicated with the liquid outlet 55 of the gas collecting bin.
A sewage pipe 313 is installed at the bottom of the side wall of the storage tank 31, and an electric butterfly valve 311 is installed on the sewage pipe 313 to control the opening and closing of the sewage pipe, and a flushing pipe 312 is installed on a pipe section of the sewage pipe 313 between the electric butterfly valve 311 and the storage tank 31 in order to facilitate the cleaning of the storage tank 31.
In order to avoid the liquid in the liquid storage bin from overflowing outwards disorderly, an overflow baffle 381 is arranged in the liquid storage bin 31 along the vertical direction, the top of the overflow baffle is hermetically connected to the top of the liquid storage bin 31, and a gap 383 for liquid to pass through is arranged between the bottom of the overflow baffle and the bottom of the liquid storage bin. An overflow chamber 384 is formed between the overflow baffle 381 and the side wall of the reservoir, in which overflow pipe 314 is mounted, the overflow pipe 314 extending outwardly from the reservoir. To reduce plumbing interfaces, the outlet of the sewer 313 is connected to the overflow 314, sharing a common outlet with the overflow.
To monitor the liquid level in the reservoir, a high level gauge 316 and a low level gauge 317, and a temperature measuring instrument 319 are mounted on the side walls of the reservoir. The high level gauge, the low level gauge and the temperature gauge transmit the detected data to the control center, which controls the electric butterfly valve 311 and the heater 318 according to the data.
An electric cabinet 14 is mounted on the rack to facilitate centralized control of the electrical components on the equipment.
When the embodiment works, biological bacteria are added into a reaction kettle, and the food waste is processed by drying, reacting and decomposing; the deodorizer is used for sterilizing, disinfecting and deodorizing peculiar smell gas generated in the drying and fermenting process in the reaction kettle; the oil-water separator is used for separating oil from water of the oil-water mixed liquid discharged from the reaction kettle and the waste liquid discharged by the deodorizer in the deodorization process.
The specific working process is as follows: the material loading motor is started, the lifting frame is driven to ascend, the garbage can is clamped on the lifting frame, under the action of the position limiter, the garbage can is lifted to a specified position, garbage is guided into the reaction kettle, the second electric push rod pushes the kettle cover to seal a feed inlet of the reaction kettle, the stirring motor drives the stirring shaft to rotate, meanwhile, the silica gel heating plate heats the garbage in the reaction kettle, in the stirring process, the stirring shaft rotates in a positive and negative alternate mode, and liquid in the garbage is discharged after the water discharging hole, the water bucket and the kettle body water discharging pipe. The opening and closing of the drain hole and the opening degree are controlled by the drain hole opening and closing device so as to control the flow rate of the discharged liquid.
The liquid discharged from the reaction kettle enters the oil-water separator, and the peculiar smell gas generated in the reaction kettle firstly enters the gas collecting bin and then is blown into the deodorizer by the fan for treatment. The condensate generated in the gas collection bin is discharged from the liquid discharge hole and then enters the oil-water separator.
The odor gas is firstly washed by water, then irradiated by ultraviolet rays, and finally adsorbed by activated carbon and discharged in the deodorizer.
In the oil-water separator, waste oil separated from waste water is separated out through the oil fishing device, and the waste water after the waste oil is separated out is discharged out of the oil-water separator and enters the waste water treatment system for continuous treatment.
When the reaction kettle is in a non-working state, the inner cavity of the reaction kettle is cleaned by utilizing the cleaning water pipe.

Claims (10)

1. The comprehensive treatment equipment for the food waste is characterized by comprising a rack, and a reaction kettle, a gas collecting bin, a deodorizer and an oil-water separator which are arranged on the rack;
the reaction kettle comprises a kettle body and a kettle cover, wherein a feed inlet is arranged at the top of the kettle body, the kettle cover covers the feed inlet in an openable and closable manner, a gas collection bin is arranged at the top of the kettle body, and the gas collection bin is communicated with an inner cavity of the kettle body and is used for collecting gas in the kettle body; a first exhaust pipe is arranged on the gas collecting bin; a discharge port is also formed on the kettle body, and a discharge door is arranged on the discharge port;
the first exhaust pipe is communicated with the deodorizer through a fan, the fan is used for sending the gas in the gas collection bin into the deodorizer, and the fan is fixedly arranged on the rack;
the oil-water separator is arranged below the reaction kettle, a kettle body drain pipe is arranged on the kettle body and communicated with the oil-water separator, and an oil fishing device is arranged in the oil-water separator and used for fishing out oil in sewage in the oil-water separator;
a feeding frame is fixedly arranged on one side of the rack and used for conveying the garbage into the reaction kettle.
2. The comprehensive treatment equipment for the food waste according to claim 1, wherein the reaction kettle has a horizontal kettle body, and the kettle body comprises a tank body extending along the horizontal direction and a first end plate and a second end plate which are hermetically arranged at two ends of the tank body; a stirring paddle is arranged in the reaction kettle, a stirring shaft of the stirring paddle is rotationally arranged on the first end plate and the second end plate, one end of the stirring shaft extends out of the first end plate to form a driving end, a stirring motor is arranged on the frame, and an output shaft of the stirring motor is connected with the driving end so as to drive the stirring shaft to rotate;
a drain hole and a water bucket are arranged on the second end plate, the drain hole is communicated with the inner cavity of the water bucket, and a kettle body drain pipe is connected to the lower part of the water bucket; install a wash port switching device in the outside of this cauldron body, this wash port switching device includes a first electric putter, a connecting plate and a switch board, and this switch board is platelike and sets up in the bucket, and this first electric putter fixed mounting is on the lateral surface of cell body, and this switch board is connected to first electric putter's push rod through this connecting plate on, under this electric putter's drive, this switch board can be sealed or open the wash port.
3. The comprehensive treatment equipment for the food waste according to claim 2, wherein a filter assembly is arranged in the inner cavity of the kettle body, and the filter assembly comprises a mesh plate and a wear-resistant mesh plate which are attached together; the mesh plate comprises a plate-shaped first body, wherein the first body is provided with filtering holes, the filtering holes penetrate through two sides of the first body in the thickness direction, and the central part of the first body is provided with a first mounting hole; the wear-resistant pore plate comprises a plate-shaped second body, at least two water through holes are formed in the second body, the water through holes penetrate through two sides of the second body in the thickness direction, and a second mounting hole is formed in the center of the second body; the first mounting hole and the second mounting hole are formed into a filtering mounting hole together, the filtering assembly is fixedly mounted on a stirring shaft of the stirring paddle through the filtering mounting hole, the wear-resistant pore plate is attached to the inner side surface of the second end plate, the filtering pore plate is attached to one side of the wear-resistant pore plate, which is far away from the second end plate, and each water passing hole is at least communicated with one filtering hole; the at least two water holes are annularly arranged around the second mounting hole, the filter assembly can rotate along with the stirring shaft, and when the filter assembly rotates along with the stirring shaft, the at least two water holes can be sequentially communicated with the drain hole.
4. The waste comprehensive disposal apparatus of claim 1,
the feeding frame is a guide rail chain type lifter, and a position limiter is installed at the top of the feeding frame.
5. The waste comprehensive disposal apparatus of claim 1,
this gas collection storehouse includes the bottom plate of fixed connection at the top of the cauldron body and fixes the roof on the bottom plate, forms a gas collecting cavity between this roof and bottom plate, sets up the gas gathering hole of intercommunication cauldron internal chamber and gas collecting cavity on this bottom plate, and one side of this bottom plate outwards surpasss and forms into the discharge portion behind the cauldron body, set up on this discharge portion the outage with first exhaust pipe, the top of this first exhaust pipe is higher than the top of outage, and the bottom surface of discharge portion is all run through downwards to this first exhaust pipe and outage, and this outage intercommunication oil water separator.
6. The waste comprehensive disposal apparatus of claim 1,
the deodorizer comprises a water washing tank and an adsorption tank, the tops of which are mutually communicated, wherein the adsorption tank is filled with active carbon, and the bottom of the adsorption tank is provided with a purified air outlet; the bottom of the water washing box is provided with a washing water inlet pipe, the side wall of the water washing box is provided with a washing water drain pipe, the bottom of the inner cavity of the water washing box is provided with an exhaust gas pipe, and the exhaust gas pipe is communicated with an outlet of the fan.
7. The comprehensive treatment equipment for the food waste according to claim 6, wherein an ultraviolet lamp is arranged in the adsorption tank and is positioned above the activated carbon.
8. The comprehensive treatment equipment for the leftover garbage according to claim 1, wherein the oil-water separator comprises a liquid storage bin and an oil fishing box arranged at the top of the liquid storage bin;
the oil fishing box is internally provided with an oil fishing device which comprises an oil fishing disc rotationally arranged in the oil fishing box, the oil fishing disc is arranged along the vertical direction, one side of the oil fishing disc is provided with an oil scraping plate, the oil scraping plate is used for hanging waste oil adhered on the oil fishing disc, the oil fishing box is provided with an oil scraping motor used for driving the oil fishing disc to rotate, and an output shaft of the oil scraping motor is connected with a rotating shaft of the oil fishing disc; and the oil fishing box is provided with an oil discharge pipe, and the oil discharge pipe is used for receiving the waste oil on the oil scraping plate and discharging the waste oil.
9. The waste comprehensive disposal apparatus of claim 8,
a warm air blower is arranged on the oil fishing box, and the air outlet of the warm air blower blows to the oil scraping plate; a heater is arranged in the liquid storage bin.
10. The waste comprehensive disposal apparatus of claim 8,
one side of the kettle cover is formed into a mounting side, an opening and closing rod is mounted on the mounting side, the opening and closing rod extends towards the direction departing from the kettle cover, the mounting side is rotatably mounted on the kettle body through a hinge shaft, a second electric push rod is mounted on the frame, a push rod of the second electric push rod is connected to the opening and closing rod, and the second electric push rod is used for opening or closing the kettle cover on the kettle body.
CN201922163660.2U 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste Active CN211587920U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922163660.2U CN211587920U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922163660.2U CN211587920U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211587920U true CN211587920U (en) 2020-09-29

Family

ID=72590854

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922163660.2U Active CN211587920U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Comprehensive treatment equipment for food waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211587920U (en)

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