CN211211022U - Partitioned aquaculture pond - Google Patents

Partitioned aquaculture pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211211022U
CN211211022U CN201922207949.XU CN201922207949U CN211211022U CN 211211022 U CN211211022 U CN 211211022U CN 201922207949 U CN201922207949 U CN 201922207949U CN 211211022 U CN211211022 U CN 211211022U
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
water
breed
sedimentation tank
aquaculture
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CN201922207949.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴明林
李海洋
蒋阳阳
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Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Fisheries Research Institute of Anhui AAS
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Abstract

The utility model provides a subregion breed pond, be equipped with the outer pond of formula of growing roughly in the pond, intensive culture formula breed pond and be used for filtering the sedimentation tank of sediment, breed pond locates pond right narrow limit, breed pond keeps away from pond right narrow limit one side and is equipped with the dam that blocks parallel with pond long limit, it is equipped with rivers passageway to block between dam and the pond left narrow limit, the both sides and the rivers passageway department that block the dam are equipped with the waterwheel aerator, breed pond bottom is for leaking hopper-shaped and be equipped with the blow off pipe in the intermediate position, the blow off pipe inserts sewage channel, sewage channel delivery port and sedimentation tank water inlet intercommunication, sedimentation tank delivery port and outer pond intercommunication are equipped with the suction pump in outer pond and go into inhalant canal with the water pump, send water into breed pond by inhalant canal again in order to reach the purpose of water circulation. The scheme is that the sedimentation tank is used for settling and purifying the aquaculture water, the aquaculture water is discharged into the outer pond again to be self-purified, the water is recycled, the discharge is reduced, the potential of the water body is optimally exerted, the environment is green and efficient, and the pollution of the aquaculture to the external environment can be reduced to the maximum extent.

Description

Partitioned aquaculture pond
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an aquaculture technical field, in particular to subregion breed pond.
Background
The traditional pond culture is high-density, open and extensive stocking on the whole water surface, and is still the main production mode of Chinese aquaculture at present. The national aquaculture area is 7189.5 kilo hectares, with the freshwater aquaculture area 5146.5 kilo hectares. The fresh water pond culture area is 2666.8 kilo hectares, which accounts for 51.8 percent of the total area of the fresh water culture; the fresh water pond culture yield is 2211.0 ten thousand tons, which accounts for 74.7 percent of the total fresh water culture yield. Therefore, fresh water pond culture still dominates the future culture mode. The traditional pond culture mode has the defects of high density of cultured animals, poor water body self-purification capacity, easy eutrophication, over-standard water quality and other environments which are not beneficial to the survival of aquatic animals, slow growth of the aquatic animals, reduced yield, reduced quality and incapability of meeting the development requirements of green healthy agriculture. While farmers continuously pursue high yield, the problems of water pollution, ecological environment pollution, food quality safety and the like caused by residual baits, excrement, metabolites, drug residues and the like in the production are increasingly highlighted. High-density, high-investment, open and extensive pond culture aggravates the deterioration of the ecological environment and seriously restricts the sustainable development of the pond culture industry.
With the increasing of the environment treatment force of the country, the continuous attention of all the society to the ecological environment, a partitioned cultivation pond is needed to be designed to push forward an ecological healthy cultivation mode and reduce the environmental pollution.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the utility model aims to provide a partitioned cultivation pond.
In order to achieve the above objects and other related objects, the present invention provides a technical solution: a subregion breed aquatics pond which characterized in that: be equipped with the formula of raising more in the pond outer pond, a plurality of intensive culture formula breed pond and be used for filtering the sedimentation tank of sediment, breed the pond and locate the right narrow limit of pond, breed the pond and keep away from one side of pond right narrow limit be equipped with one with the parallel retaining dam in pond long limit, the retaining dam with be equipped with a rivers passageway between the left narrow limit in pond, the both sides of retaining dam and rivers passageway department is equipped with the waterwheel oxygen-increasing machine, breed the bottom of the pool portion for leaking hopper-shaped and be equipped with a blow off pipe at the intermediate position, the delivery port of blow off pipe inserts sewage pipes, sewage pipes's delivery port with the water inlet intercommunication of sedimentation tank, the delivery port of sedimentation tank with outer pond intercommunication, be equipped with the suction pump in the outer pond in with water suction intake channel, water intake channel sends into water in the breed pond.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: the culture pond is circular, and 3-5 culture ponds are arranged on the right narrow side of the pond.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: be equipped with the filter layer in the sedimentation tank, the filter layer includes at least three-layer filter screen, the filter screen is followed down the filtration aperture and is diminished in proper order, fill the filter media between the filter screen, the filter layer top is equipped with the water inlet, the filter layer below is equipped with the delivery port.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: the drain pipe is provided with a stainless steel escape-proof net.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: a plurality of plastic floating plates for planting aquatic vegetables are arranged in the outer pond.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: the breeding pond and the water inlet and outlet of the sedimentation pond are both provided with opening and closing devices.
The preferable technical scheme is as follows: and anti-escape facilities are arranged around the pond and are plastic films or plastic plates.
Because of the application of the technical scheme, the utility model discloses the beneficial effect who has is:
the utility model eliminates the defects of the traditional pond culture mode, and realizes the refined operations of accurate feeding, accurate medicine application, accurate fishing and the like by performing functional division on the pond and intensively confining cultured animals in the culture pond, thereby improving the quality of the cultured animals; the culture water is precipitated and purified through the sedimentation tank and then discharged into the outer pond to realize self-purification and cyclic utilization of the culture water, reduce discharge and bring the potential of the water body into full play. The culture method is green and efficient, and can reduce pollution of culture to the external environment to the maximum extent.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a top view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the culture pond of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the sedimentation tank of the present invention.
In the above figures, 1, pond; 2. an outer pond; 3. a culture pond; 4. a sedimentation tank; 5. a water retaining dam; 6. a water flow channel; 7. a waterwheel aerator; 8. a plastic floating plate; 9. a stainless steel escape-proof net; 10. a filter layer; 11. a water pump; 12. a water inlet channel; 13. a trapway.
Detailed Description
The following description is provided for illustrative purposes, and other advantages and features of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description.
As shown in figures 1-3, a partitioned cultivation pond comprises a pond 1, wherein an outer pond 2, a cultivation pond 3 and a sedimentation pond 4 are arranged in the pond 1. Wherein, 3-5 circular culture ponds 3 are arranged at the right narrow side of the pond 1, and waterproof paint is coated on the periphery and the bottom inside the culture ponds 3 (anti-seepage treatment). On the breed pond 3, keep away from one side of 1 right narrow limit in pond and be equipped with one and the parallel retaining dam 5 in 1 long limit in pond, be equipped with rivers passageway 6 between the left narrow limit of retaining dam 5 and pond 1, all be equipped with waterwheel type oxygen-increasing machine 7 in the both sides of retaining dam 5 and rivers passageway 6's position, waterwheel type oxygen-increasing machine 7 stirs according to the rivers direction simultaneously, when increasing dissolved oxygen, promotes the flow and the exchange of water to temperature, quality of water are unanimous in maintaining the pond.
The bottom of the culture pond 3 is funnel-shaped so as to discharge excrement, residual bait and other pollutants of fish, a drain pipe is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the culture pond, a stainless steel escape-proof net 9 is arranged on the drain pipe, the diameter of the drain pipe is larger than or equal to 10cm, the aperture of the stainless steel escape-proof net is 4-10mm, and the diameter of the wire is larger than or equal to 0.5mm so as to prevent cultured animals from escaping.
The water outlet of the sewage discharge pipe is connected with a sewage discharge channel 13, the water outlet of the sewage discharge channel 13 is communicated with the water inlet of the sedimentation tank 4, a filter layer 10 is arranged in the sedimentation tank 4, the filter layer 10 comprises at least three layers of filter screens, the filter apertures of the filter screens are sequentially reduced from top to bottom, the aperture of the filter screen at the uppermost layer is 1-2mm, and the aperture of the filter screen at the lowermost layer is less than 1mm, so that large granular substances can be separated and removed layer by layer; filter materials such as nitrobacteria room, ceramic glass ring, ceramic hexagonal ring, biochemical ball, medical stone, etc. are filled between the filter screens; when in use, the filter screen and the filter material are cleaned once every 2 to 3 days; the cleaned residual bait, excrement, metabolites and the like can be used as manure after fermentation and sterilization, and the substances are recycled, so that the method is green and environment-friendly.
A water outlet is arranged below the filter layer 10 and is communicated with the outer pond 2 through a pipeline.
A plurality of plastic floating plates 8 for planting aquatic vegetables are also arranged in the outer pond 2, the plastic floating plates 8 are hollow splicing and inserting structures, the hollow diameter of the plastic floating plates is more than or equal to 8cm, and the thickness of the plastic floating plates is more than or equal to 5 cm; plastic flowerpots with corresponding sizes are placed in the hollow-out positions, and aquatic vegetables or rice and the like which can be harvested in a stubble-separating mode are planted in the flowerpots.
It should be noted that the plastic floating plates 8 are scattered in the outer pond 2, and the total area of the plastic floating plates accounts for 10-15% of the total area of the pond 1; the diameter of the culture pond 3 is more than or equal to 5m, the culture pond is made of plastic steel glass or cement materials, and the total area of the culture pond is not more than 20 percent of the total area of the pond 1; the maximum water injection depth of the culture pond 3 is at least 50cm greater than that of the outer pond 2; a water pump 11 is arranged in the outer pond 2 to pump pond water into the culture pond 3, and the water inlet and outlet flow of the culture pond 3 is controlled at 1-3m during the year of carrying out the year; the water inlet and outlet of the culture pond 3 and the sedimentation pond 4 are respectively provided with an opening and closing device so as to be convenient for use when the filter layer 10 is cleaned; anti-escape facilities are arranged around the pond 1, the anti-escape facilities are made of plastic films or plastic plates, and the depth of the anti-escape facilities is more than or equal to 15cm when the anti-escape facilities are vertically buried underground, and the height of the anti-escape facilities is more than or equal to 30cm when the anti-escape facilities are above ground.
The culture pond 3 adopts a fine culture mode and mainly cultivates economic fishes with higher lattices, such as mandarin fish, pelteobagrus fulvidraco, weever, grass carp and megalobrama amblycephala; the outer pond 2 adopts a rough culture mode, and a small amount of filter-feeding chubs, bighead carps, omnivorous crucians, crabs and other aquatic animals are put in culture, so that the water quality is adjusted, and the economic benefit is increased; aquatic vegetables or rice are also planted in the outer pond 2, and herbivorous and omnivorous fishes such as grass carps, megalobrama amblycephala and the like can be fed while selling the aquatic vegetables or rice so as to promote the growth of the fishes in the outer pond.
Recycling of culture water:
water in the outer pond 2 is pumped into a water inlet channel 12 through a water pump 11, then purified water is sent into the culture pond 3 through the water inlet channel 12, culture water in the culture pond 3 flows into a sewage discharge channel 13 through a sewage discharge pipe, then flows into the sedimentation tank 4 from the sewage discharge channel 13, flows into the outer pond 2 after being filtered by the sedimentation tank 4, and is pumped into the culture pond 3 again after being self-purified in the outer pond 2 for recycling.
Therefore, the utility model has the advantages of it is following:
1. the utility model discloses eliminated the drawback of traditional pond culture mode, through carrying out the functional partition to the pond, concentrated the captive breeding to the breed animal in breeding the pond, realized accurate throwing something and feeding, accurate use medicine, accurate operations that become more meticulous such as catching, improved the quality of breed animal.
2. The utility model discloses a sedimentation tank deposits the purification to breeding the water, discharges into again and realizes breeding water self-purification in the outer pond, cyclic utilization reduces the emission, exerts the water potentiality to the best. The utility model discloses green, high-efficient, but the pollution of furthest reduction breed to external environment.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and effects of the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Modifications and variations can be made to the above-described embodiments by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications or changes which may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical spirit of the present invention be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A subregion breed aquatics pond which characterized in that: be equipped with the formula of raising more in the pond outer pond, a plurality of intensive culture formula breed pond and be used for filtering the sedimentation tank of sediment, breed the pond and locate the right narrow limit of pond, breed the pond and keep away from one side of pond right narrow limit be equipped with one with the parallel retaining dam in pond long limit, the retaining dam with be equipped with a rivers passageway between the left narrow limit in pond, the both sides of retaining dam and rivers passageway department is equipped with the waterwheel oxygen-increasing machine, breed the bottom of the pool portion for leaking hopper-shaped and be equipped with a blow off pipe at the intermediate position, the delivery port of blow off pipe inserts sewage pipes, sewage pipes's delivery port with the water inlet intercommunication of sedimentation tank, the delivery port of sedimentation tank with outer pond intercommunication, be equipped with the suction pump in the outer pond in with water suction intake channel, water intake channel sends into water in the breed pond.
2. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: the culture pond is circular, and 3-5 culture ponds are arranged on the right narrow side of the pond.
3. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: be equipped with the filter layer in the sedimentation tank, the filter layer includes at least three-layer filter screen, the filter screen is followed down the filtration aperture and is diminished in proper order, fill the filter media between the filter screen, the filter layer top is equipped with the water inlet, the filter layer below is equipped with the delivery port.
4. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: the drain pipe is provided with a stainless steel escape-proof net.
5. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: a plurality of plastic floating plates for planting aquatic vegetables are arranged in the outer pond.
6. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: the breeding pond and the water inlet and outlet of the sedimentation pond are both provided with opening and closing devices.
7. A zoned aquaculture pond according to claim 1 wherein: and anti-escape facilities are arranged around the pond and are plastic films or plastic plates.
CN201922207949.XU 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Partitioned aquaculture pond Active CN211211022U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922207949.XU CN211211022U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Partitioned aquaculture pond

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922207949.XU CN211211022U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Partitioned aquaculture pond

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211211022U true CN211211022U (en) 2020-08-11

Family

ID=71929611

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922207949.XU Active CN211211022U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Partitioned aquaculture pond

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211211022U (en)

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