CN211185126U - Roof greening system of building - Google Patents

Roof greening system of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211185126U
CN211185126U CN201921987858.6U CN201921987858U CN211185126U CN 211185126 U CN211185126 U CN 211185126U CN 201921987858 U CN201921987858 U CN 201921987858U CN 211185126 U CN211185126 U CN 211185126U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
storage tank
water storage
liquid level
catch basin
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Application number
CN201921987858.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴江
王晶晶
黄望春子
曹佳楣
李奇
杨媛
杨志磊
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State Grid Comprehensive Energy Service Group Co ltd
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State Grid Comprehensive Energy Service Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921987858.6U priority Critical patent/CN211185126U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of roof greening's technique and specifically relates to a roof greening system of building is related to. A roof greening system for buildings has the advantage that the whole planting layer can be continuously irrigated. The utility model provides a roof greening system of building, includes the waterproof layer, is located the planting layer of waterproof layer top slope and provides the water supply installation who irrigates water for the plant, water supply installation is including being located the first catch basin of planting the highest side in layer, and the position intercommunication that first catch basin side is close to the bottom has many raceway, and the raceway is buried underground in planting the in situ, and a plurality of apopores have been seted up on the surface of raceway. Store irrigation water through setting up first catch basin, store irrigation water in first catch basin and pass through the raceway and outwards carry, then enter into through the apopore and plant the in situ and provide irrigation water for the plant. The planting layer can be continuously irrigated, partial waterlogging can not appear, and the water resource is effectively utilized to the condition of other regional droughts.

Description

Roof greening system of building
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the water conservation and energy saving's technique and specifically relates to a roof greening system of building is related to.
Background
Roof greening has important significance for increasing urban green land area, improving urban heat island effect formed by excessively cutting down natural forests and various waste gas pollution, improving living conditions of people, improving life quality, beautifying urban environment, improving ecological effect and the like.
The prior utility model with the publication number of CN104860251U discloses an inclined plane greening water supply system and a roof greening system. The range of roof greening is enlarged by arranging the inclined roof in the scheme, water resources are supplied by adopting an inclined water supply surface, and meanwhile, a water discharge groove is arranged to store partial redundant water, so that the stability of water supply is improved.
The above prior art solution has the following drawbacks: rainwater entering the cache in the drainage tank can be stored at a lower point of the drainage tank, so that when the lower side of the planting layer is submerged by the rainwater, the higher side of the planting layer is in a water shortage state.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a roof greening system of building, its advantage lies in can letting whole planting layer all obtain continuously irrigating.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme: the utility model provides a roof greening system of building, includes the waterproof layer, is located the planting layer of waterproof layer top slope and provides the water supply installation who irrigates water for the plant, water supply installation is including being located the first catch basin of planting the highest side in layer, and the position intercommunication that first catch basin side is close to the bottom has many raceway, and the raceway is buried underground in planting the in situ, and a plurality of apopores have been seted up on the surface of raceway.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, store irrigation water through setting up first catch basin, the irrigation water of storage in first catch basin is outwards carried through the raceway, then enters into through the apopore and plants the in situ and provide irrigation water for the plant. Because the water is slowly supplied to the planting layer through the water outlet holes, the planting layer can be continuously irrigated, and the conditions of waterlogging in partial areas and drought in other areas can not occur.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the diameter of apopore is between 0.5mm to 0.9mm, and is close to first catch basin more, and the diameter of apopore is bigger.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, because the one end water pressure that is close to first catch basin more is less, consequently sets the apopore to the great structure of diameter for can last to irrigate with comparatively even speed on the whole raceway.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the water supply device is characterized by further comprising a second water storage tank located on the lowest side of the planting layer, a plurality of water filtering holes are formed in the second water storage tank towards the bottom of one side of the first water storage tank, a water suction pump is installed on the side face of the second water storage tank, the water suction pump stretches into the second water storage tank, and a water outlet pipe of the water suction pump stretches into the first water storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, set up the second catch basin and collect when the rainfall excessive rainwater in planting the district, then carry the water of collecting in the second catch basin in the first catch basin through the suction pump, supply water for first catch basin.
The utility model discloses further set up to: one end of the water delivery pipe, which is far away from the first water storage tank, is welded with the second water storage tank, and the welding end of the water delivery pipe and the second water storage tank is sealed.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, set up raceway and second catch basin and weld and even make the second catch basin play the supporting role to the raceway, keep the position of raceway when the layer is planted in the installation fill-up formation.
The utility model discloses further set up to: and a water replenishing pipe capable of being opened and closed is arranged at the position, close to the upper end port, of the first water storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, set up the moisturizing pipe and make daily rainfall can't satisfy the water supply demand when, for moisturizing in the first catch basin through the moisturizing pipe.
The utility model discloses further set up to: a first floating ball liquid level sensor is arranged in the first water storage tank, a high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor is close to a port of the first water storage tank, and a low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor is positioned close to the stainless steel filter screen; a second floating ball liquid level sensor is installed in the second water storage tank, a high liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor is located at a position close to a port of the second water storage tank, and a low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor is located at a position close to the bottom of the second water storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the liquid level in the first catch basin is less than first floater level sensor's low liquid level response point, and the liquid level in the second catch basin is higher than second floater level sensor's low liquid level response point, the suction pump starts, carries the water in the second catch basin to in the first catch basin. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank is lower than the low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor and the liquid level in the second water storage tank is lower than the low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor, the water supplementing pipe is opened to supply water for the first water storage tank. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank is lower than the high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor and the liquid level in the second water storage tank is higher than the high liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor, the water suction pump is started to convey the water in the second water storage tank to the first water storage tank. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank is higher than the high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor, the water suction pump and the water replenishing pipe are closed. When the liquid level in the second water storage tank is lower than the low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor, the water suction pump is turned off, so that the liquid level in the first water storage tank is always maintained in a state higher than the low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor, and the water delivery pipe has enough water pressure to supply water to the planting layer.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the lower end of the first water storage tank is embedded into the planting layer, the upper end of the first water storage tank exceeds the surface of the planting layer, and a horizontal stainless steel filter screen is arranged in the first water storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, set up the stainless steel filter screen and filter the water in the first catch basin, avoid impurity to get into and block up the raceway in the raceway.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the position welding that lies in stainless steel filter screen below has many stainless steel support bars that support the stainless steel filter screen in the first catch basin, and many stainless steel support bars are equidistant equipartition setting.
By adopting the technical scheme, the stainless steel filter screen is transversely paved on the front surface, so that the stainless steel filter screen is easy to deform and damage due to no support when the middle part of the stainless steel filter screen is subjected to acting force. The stainless steel filter screen is supported by the stainless steel support rod, so that the stainless steel filter screen is protected from being damaged easily.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a beneficial technological effect does:
water is slowly supplied to the planting layer through the water outlet holes, so that the planting layer can be continuously irrigated without waterlogging in partial areas and drought in other areas;
the second water storage tank is arranged to collect excessive moisture in the planting area when rainfall occurs, and then water collected in the second water storage tank is conveyed into the first water storage tank through the water suction pump to supply water for the first water storage tank, so that rainwater falling on a roof can be fully recycled.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an embodiment;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view at B in fig. 2.
Reference numerals: 1. a waterproof layer; 2. planting a layer; 3. a water supply device; 4. a first water storage tank; 5. a second water storage tank; 6. a stainless steel filter screen; 7. a stainless steel support rod; 8. water filtering holes; 9. a water delivery pipe; 10. a water replenishing pipe; 11. a first float ball liquid level sensor; 12. a second float ball liquid level sensor; 13. a water pump; 14. a water inlet pipe; 15. and (5) discharging a water pipe.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a roof greening system for a building includes a waterproof layer 1, a planting layer 2 above the waterproof layer 1, and a water supply device 3 for supplying irrigation water to plants. The planting layer 2 is obliquely arranged, and the vertical height difference between the higher side and the lower side of the planting layer 2 is less than 2 m.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the water supply means 3 comprises a first reservoir 4 located at the upper side of the growth layer 2 and a second reservoir 5 located at the lower side of the growth layer 2. The first water storage tank 4 is a stainless steel water tank, the lower end of the first water storage tank 4 is embedded into the planting layer 2 for 30cm, and the upper end of the first water storage tank 4 exceeds the surface 1m of the planting layer 2. The stainless steel filter screen 6 that the level set up is welded to the inside position apart from the accumulator port 1m of first catch basin 4, and the rivers that get into in the first catch basin 4 reachs first catch basin 4 bottom after 6 filtration of stainless steel filter screen, and the position every interval welding that is located 6 belows of stainless steel filter screen has a stainless steel bracing piece 7 to play the support reinforcing effect to stainless steel filter screen 6 in the first catch basin 4. As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the second water storage tank 5 is also a stainless steel water tank, the lower end of the second water storage tank 5 is embedded in the planting layer 2 by 40cm, and the upper end opening of the second water storage tank 5 is flush with the upper surface of the planting layer 2. A plurality of water filtering holes 8 are formed in the bottom, facing one side of the first water storage tank 4, of the second water storage tank 5, soil in the planting layer 2 cannot pass through the water filtering holes 8, and water in the planting layer 2 can enter the second water storage tank 5 through the water filtering holes 8.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, a water pipe 9 is communicated with a position on the side surface of the first water storage tank 4 close to the bottom, and the water pipe 9 is buried in the planting layer 2. One end of the water delivery pipe 9, which is far away from the first water storage tank 4, is welded with the second water storage tank 5, and the welding end of the water delivery pipe 9 and the second water storage tank 5 is sealed. The surface of raceway 9 is provided with a plurality of diameters and is 0.5mm ~0.9 mm's apopore along the length direction equipartition of raceway 9, and the apopore begins to reduce to being close to 5 one end diameters of second catch basin from being close to 4 one ends of first catch basin. The water in the first water storage tank 4 is conveyed into the planting layer 2 through the water conveying pipe 9 to supply water for plants, the water pressure at one end close to the first water storage tank 4 is small, the aperture of the water outlet hole is large, and therefore the planting layer 2 can be integrally irrigated by a uniform water amount.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, a water replenishing pipe 10 which can be opened and closed is installed at a position of the first water storage tank 4 close to the upper end port. A first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 is installed in the first water storage tank 4, a high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 is close to a port of the first water storage tank 4, and a low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 is located at a position close to the stainless steel filter screen 6. A second floating ball liquid level sensor 12 is installed in the second water storage tank 5, a high liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12 is located at a position close to a port of the second water storage tank 5, and a low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12 is located at a position close to the bottom of the second water storage tank 5. As shown in fig. 3 and 4, a water suction pump 13 is installed above the planting layer 2 and near the second water storage tank 5, a water inlet pipe 14 of the water suction pump 13 extends into the second water storage tank 5, and a water outlet pipe 15 of the water suction pump 13 extends into the first water storage tank 4.
When the liquid level in the first water storage tank 4 is lower than the low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 and the liquid level in the second water storage tank 5 is higher than the low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12, the water suction pump 13 is started to convey the water in the second water storage tank 5 into the first water storage tank 4. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank 4 is lower than the low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 and the liquid level in the second water storage tank 5 is lower than the low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12, the water supplementing pipe 10 is opened to supply water for the first water storage tank 4. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank 4 is lower than the high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11 and the liquid level in the second water storage tank 5 is higher than the high liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12, the water suction pump 13 is started to convey the water in the second water storage tank 5 into the first water storage tank 4. When the liquid level in the first water storage tank 4 is higher than the high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor 11, the water suction pump 13 and the water replenishing pipe 10 are closed. When the liquid level in the second water storage tank 5 is lower than the low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor 12, the water suction pump 13 is closed.
The specific using process is as follows:
when the rainwater falls on the roof, the first water storage tank 4, the second water storage tank 5 and the planting layer 2 store the rainwater, and the rainwater in the planting layer 2 enters the first water storage tank 4 from the water filtering holes 8. Since the second water storage tank 5 directly stores water and supplies rainwater to the planting layer 2, rainwater in the second water storage tank 5 can be quickly stored to a high liquid level. The water pump 13 is used for conveying the rainwater in the second water storage tank 5 into the first water storage tank 4, so that a large amount of rainwater is finally accumulated in the first water storage tank 4, and the water is slowly supplied to the planting layer 2 through the water conveying pipe 9 when the rain does not fall for a long time.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a roof greening system of building, includes waterproof layer (1), is located planting layer (2) of waterproof layer (1) top slope and provides water supply installation (3) of irrigation water for the plant, characterized by: the water supply device (3) comprises a first water storage tank (4) located on the highest side of the planting layer (2), the position, close to the bottom, of the side face of the first water storage tank (4) is communicated with a plurality of water conveying pipes (9), the water conveying pipes (9) are buried in the planting layer (2), and a plurality of water outlets are formed in the surface of each water conveying pipe (9).
2. The roof greening system for buildings as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the diameter of apopore is between 0.5mm to 0.9mm, and is close to first basin (4) more, and the diameter of apopore is bigger.
3. The roof greening system for buildings as claimed in claim 1, wherein: water supply installation (3) are still including second catch basin (5) that are located planting layer (2) least significant side, a plurality of drainage holes (8) have been seted up towards the bottom of first catch basin (4) one side in second catch basin (5), the side-mounting of second catch basin (5) has suction pump (13), and in inlet tube (14) of suction pump (13) stretched into second catch basin (5), outlet pipe (15) of suction pump (13) stretched into in first catch basin (4).
4. A roof greening system for a building as claimed in claim 3, wherein: one end of the water delivery pipe (9), which is far away from the first water storage tank (4), is welded with the second water storage tank (5), and the welding end of the water delivery pipe (9) and the second water storage tank (5) is sealed.
5. A roof greening system for a building as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and a water replenishing pipe (10) which can be opened and closed is arranged at the position, close to the upper end port, of the first water storage tank (4).
6. The roof greening system for buildings as claimed in claim 5, wherein: a first floating ball liquid level sensor (11) is installed in the first water storage tank (4), a high liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor (11) is close to a port of the first water storage tank (4), and a low liquid level response point of the first floating ball liquid level sensor (11) is located at a position close to the stainless steel filter screen (6); and a second floating ball liquid level sensor (12) is installed in the second water storage tank (5), a high liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor (12) is positioned at a position close to the port of the second water storage tank (5), and a low liquid level response point of the second floating ball liquid level sensor (12) is positioned at a position close to the bottom of the second water storage tank (5).
7. The roof greening system for buildings as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the first water storage tank (4) is embedded into the planting layer (2), the upper end of the first water storage tank (4) exceeds the surface of the planting layer (2), and a horizontal stainless steel filter screen (6) is arranged in the first water storage tank (4).
8. The roof greening system for buildings as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the stainless steel support rods (7) for supporting the stainless steel filter screen (6) are welded at the position below the stainless steel filter screen (6) in the first water storage tank (4), and the stainless steel support rods (7) are uniformly distributed at equal intervals.
CN201921987858.6U 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Roof greening system of building Active CN211185126U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921987858.6U CN211185126U (en) 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Roof greening system of building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921987858.6U CN211185126U (en) 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Roof greening system of building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211185126U true CN211185126U (en) 2020-08-07

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ID=71847179

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921987858.6U Active CN211185126U (en) 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 Roof greening system of building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211185126U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113475376A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-10-08 无锡鑫惠建设工程有限公司 Flower bed rainwater is concentrated and is collected system of recycling

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113475376A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-10-08 无锡鑫惠建设工程有限公司 Flower bed rainwater is concentrated and is collected system of recycling

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