CN211026445U - Sorghum unshelling and screening device - Google Patents

Sorghum unshelling and screening device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN211026445U
CN211026445U CN201921883572.3U CN201921883572U CN211026445U CN 211026445 U CN211026445 U CN 211026445U CN 201921883572 U CN201921883572 U CN 201921883572U CN 211026445 U CN211026445 U CN 211026445U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
screen
screening
box body
box
sorghum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201921883572.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石晓瑛
柳金良
王勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pingliang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Pingliang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Pingliang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Pingliang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201921883572.3U priority Critical patent/CN211026445U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211026445U publication Critical patent/CN211026445U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The utility model discloses a chinese sorghum shelling sieving mechanism, include box, first screening plant, second screening plant, stock guide, connect hopper and thresher, the box is inside from top to bottom is equipped with first screening plant and second screening plant respectively, is equipped with the stock guide between first screening plant and the second screening plant, and second screening plant below is equipped with connects the hopper, and the box passes through the external thresher of inlet pipe. The utility model discloses a set up dual screening plant for the separation of chinese sorghum seed grain and casing is more thorough, has improved the chinese sorghum shelling quality.

Description

Sorghum unshelling and screening device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a chinese sorghum shelling equipment technical field, concretely relates to chinese sorghum shelling sieving mechanism.
Background
At present, sorghum grains are processed into sorghum rice, which is used as food in China, Korea, original Soviet Union, India, Africa and the like. The eating method is mainly cooking rice or grinding into powder and then making into other various foods, such as noodles, flour fish, flour rolls, battercake, steamed cake, sticky cake and the like. Besides eating, the sorghum can be used for preparing starch, sugar, wine, alcohol and the like.
In grain processing operations, particularly sorghum processing, it is necessary to first strip the hull covering the outer surface of the sorghum. At present, after husking is completed, the sorghum husking machine on the market separates seeds from shells incompletely, so that husking quality is poor, and even secondary processing is needed, which is very inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a husking and screening device for sorghum, which comprises a box body, a first screening device, a second screening device, a material guide plate, a material receiving hopper and a threshing machine, wherein the box body is internally provided with the first screening device and the second screening device from top to bottom respectively; the box body is cylindrical, an annular chute is arranged on the inner wall of the box body, and supporting legs are arranged at the bottom of the box body; the first screening device comprises a screening box, a rotating shaft and a motor, wherein two ends of the rotating shaft are slidably connected with the box body through sliding chutes, the screening box is fixedly connected below the rotating shaft, through holes are uniformly formed in the side wall of the screening box, a plurality of stirring rods are arranged at the bottom of the screening box, the motor is arranged at the top of the box body, and one end of an output shaft of the motor is connected with the rotating shaft; the second screening device comprises a screen, a connecting rod, a connecting plate and a cam, the screen is arranged below the screening box, two ends of the screen penetrate through the inner wall of the box body through the connecting rod respectively to be connected with the connecting plate, the connecting rod is provided with a spring, the cam is arranged on one side of the connecting plate at one end, and the cam is connected with an output shaft of the driving motor; the guide plate is in a ring shape with a large upper end and a small lower end, the upper end of the guide plate is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the box body, the lower end of the guide plate is arranged above the screen, and a plurality of connecting rods are arranged between the guide plate and the box body.
Further, a box door is hinged to the box body.
Furthermore, a circular small door is arranged at the bottom of the screening box, the size of a through hole in the side wall of the screening box is the same as that of sorghum grains, a supporting rod is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the screening box, and the supporting rod is connected with the box body in a sliding mode through a sliding groove.
Furthermore, the screen cloth includes first screen cloth and second screen cloth, and first screen cloth and second screen cloth size are the same, and the second screen cloth passes through the buckle with first screen cloth and is connected, and the through-hole on the first screen cloth is less than the through-hole on the screening case lateral wall, and the through-hole on the first screen cloth is greater than the through-hole on the second screen cloth.
Furthermore, the bottom of the second screen is provided with an outlet.
Furthermore, the material guide plate is 45 degrees, and an opening below the material guide plate is smaller than the size of the screen.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model has the advantages that the separation of the sorghum grains and the shell is more thorough by arranging the double screening device, and the hulling quality of the sorghum is improved; the screening box is driven by the motor to do circular motion, and the stirring rod in the screening box plays a role in isolation, so that sorghum grains are fully separated from sorghum shells, and a better separation effect is achieved; inside making the sorghum grain landing after the separation to the screen cloth through the stock guide, moving about through cam drive connecting rod and screen cloth to further separation to the sorghum grain, waste such as the disintegrating slag of crossing filters passes through the landing of second screen cloth to the hopper inside, and the sorghum grain that screens is stored inside first screen cloth, has improved the quality of sorghum grain.
In addition to the above-described objects, features and advantages, the present invention has other objects, features and advantages. The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a second screening device according to the present invention.
Reference numerals:
The screening machine comprises a box body 1, a first screening device 2, a second screening device 3, a material guide plate 4, a material receiving hopper 5, a chute 11, a screening box 21, a rotating shaft 22, a motor 23, a screen 31, a connecting rod 32, a connecting plate 33, a cam 34, a first screen 35 and a second screen 36.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, a sorghum shelling and screening device comprises a box body 1, a first screening device 2, a second screening device 3, a material guide plate 4, a material receiving hopper 5 and a threshing machine, wherein the first screening device 2 and the second screening device 3 are respectively arranged inside the box body 1 from top to bottom, the material guide plate 4 is arranged between the first screening device 2 and the second screening device 3, the material receiving hopper 5 is arranged below the second screening device 3, and the box body 1 is externally connected with the threshing machine through a feeding pipe; the box body 1 is cylindrical, an annular chute 11 is arranged on the inner wall of the box body 1, supporting legs are arranged at the bottom of the box body 1, and a box door is hinged on the box body 1; the first screening device 2 comprises a screening box 21, a rotating shaft 22 and a motor 23, two ends of the rotating shaft 22 are connected with the box body 1 in a sliding mode through chutes 11, the screening box 21 is fixedly connected below the rotating shaft 22, through holes are evenly formed in the side wall of the screening box 21, a plurality of stirring rods are arranged at the bottom of the screening box 21, a circular small door is arranged at the bottom of the screening box 21, the through holes in the side wall of the screening box 21 are the same as sorghum grains in size, supporting rods are fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the screening box 21 and are connected with the box body 1 in a sliding mode through chutes 11, the motor 23 is arranged at the top of the box body 1; the second screening device 3 comprises a screen 31, a connecting rod 32, a connecting plate 33 and a cam 34, the screen 31 is arranged below the screening box 21, two ends of the screen 31 penetrate through the inner wall of the box body 1 through the connecting rod 32 to be connected with the connecting plate 33, a spring is arranged on the connecting rod 32, the cam 34 is arranged on one side of the connecting plate 33 at one end, the cam 34 is connected with an output shaft of a driving motor, and the connecting rod 32 extends out of one end of the box body 1 by the length of the end, so that the connecting plate 33 is; the screen 31 comprises a first screen 35 and a second screen 36, the first screen 35 and the second screen 36 are the same in size, the second screen 36 is connected with the first screen 35 through a buckle, a through hole in the first screen 35 is smaller than a through hole in the side wall of the screening box 21, the through hole in the first screen 35 is larger than the through hole in the second screen 36, and an outlet is formed in the bottom of the second screen 36; the material guide plate 4 is in a ring shape with a large upper part and a small lower part, the upper end of the material guide plate 4 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the box body 1, the lower end of the material guide plate 4 is arranged above the screen 31, a plurality of connecting rods are arranged between the material guide plate 4 and the box body 1, the material guide plate 4 is in a 45-degree shape, and an opening below the material guide plate 4 is smaller than the screen 31, so that the screen 31 cannot collide with the lower part of the material guide plate 4 when moving left and right; the motor 23 and the driving motor are both commercially available motors.
The utility model discloses a working method:
When the sorghum grain separator is used, sorghum is firstly separated by the thresher, and separated sorghum grains and sorghum shells enter the screening box 21 through the feeding pipe; starting a motor 23 and a driving motor, wherein the motor 23 drives a rotating shaft 22 to rotate, the rotating shaft 22 drives the screening box 21 to do circular motion, sorghum grains are separated from the sorghum shell under the action of centrifugal force, the sorghum grains collide with the inner wall of the screening box 21 and are discharged through holes in the inner wall, and the discharged sorghum grains slide to the inside of the screen 31 along the inner wall of the material guide plate 4; the driving motor drives the cam 34 to rotate, the cam 34 pushes the connecting plate 33 and the connecting rod 32 to move through rotation, the spring on the connecting rod 32 on one side is extruded to be compressed, the spring on the connecting rod 32 on the other side rebounds, the screen 31 is moved left and right under the action of the cam 34, sorghum grains are further screened, unqualified sorghum grains such as crushed slag enter the second screen 36 through the first screen 35 and fall into the receiving hopper 5 from an outlet, and qualified sorghum grains are left in the first screen 35; after the husking and screening are finished, the box door is opened, the second screen 35 is taken out, separated sorghum grains can be obtained, meanwhile, the small door is opened, and the sorghum shell can be collected through the pipeline connection small door opening.
The utility model has the advantages that the separation of the sorghum grains and the shell is more thorough by arranging the double screening device, and the hulling quality of the sorghum is improved; the motor 23 drives the screening box 21 to do circular motion, and a stirring rod in the screening box 21 plays a role in isolation, so that sorghum grains are fully separated from sorghum shells, and a better separation effect is achieved; make the sorghum grain landing after the separation to screen cloth 31 inside through stock guide 4, remove about driving connecting rod 32 and screen cloth 31 through cam 34 to further separate the sorghum grain, filter waste such as disintegrating slag and pass through the landing of second screen cloth 36 to connect hopper 5 inside, the sorghum grain storage that screens is inside first screen cloth 35, has improved the quality of sorghum grain.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A sorghum shelling and screening device is characterized by comprising a box body (1), a first screening device (2), a second screening device (3), a material guide plate (4), a material receiving hopper (5) and a threshing machine, wherein the first screening device (2) and the second screening device (3) are respectively arranged in the box body (1) from top to bottom, the material guide plate (4) is arranged between the first screening device (2) and the second screening device (3), the material receiving hopper (5) is arranged below the second screening device (3), and the box body (1) is externally connected with the threshing machine through a feeding pipe; the box body (1) is cylindrical, an annular sliding groove (11) is formed in the inner wall of the box body (1), and supporting legs are arranged at the bottom of the box body (1); the first screening device (2) comprises a screening box (21), a rotating shaft (22) and a motor (23), two ends of the rotating shaft (22) are slidably connected with the box body (1) through a sliding chute (11), the screening box (21) is fixedly connected below the rotating shaft (22), through holes are uniformly formed in the side wall of the screening box (21), a plurality of stirring rods are arranged at the bottom of the screening box (21), the motor (23) is arranged at the top of the box body (1), and one end of an output shaft of the motor (23) is connected with the rotating shaft (22); the second screening device (3) comprises a screen (31), a connecting rod (32), a connecting plate (33) and a cam (34), the screen (31) is arranged below the screening box (21), two ends of the screen (31) penetrate through the inner wall of the box body (1) through the connecting rod (32) to be connected with the connecting plate (33), the connecting rod (32) is provided with a spring, the cam (34) is arranged on one side of the connecting plate (33) at one end, and the cam (34) is connected with an output shaft of a driving motor; the material guide plate (4) is in the shape of a ring with a large upper part and a small lower part, the upper end of the material guide plate (4) is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the box body (1), the lower end of the material guide plate (4) is arranged above the screen (31), and a plurality of connecting rods are arranged between the material guide plate (4) and the inner wall of the box body (1).
2. Sorghum shelling and screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein a box door is hinged on the box body (1).
3. The sorghum shelling and screening device according to claim 1, wherein a round small door is arranged at the bottom of the screening box (21), through holes in the side wall of the screening box (21) are the same as sorghum grains in size, a support rod is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the lower end of the screening box (21), and the support rod is slidably connected with the box body (1) through a chute (11).
4. The sorghum shelling screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the screen (31) comprises a first screen (35) and a second screen (36), the first screen (35) and the second screen (36) are of the same size, the second screen (36) is connected with the first screen (35) by a snap fit, the through holes of the first screen (35) are smaller than the through holes of the side wall of the screening box (21), and the through holes of the first screen (35) are larger than the through holes of the second screen (36).
5. A husking and screening apparatus for sorghum according to claim 4 wherein the bottom of the second screen (36) is provided with an outlet.
6. The sorghum shelling and screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the material guiding plate (4) is at an angle of 45 degrees, and the opening below the material guiding plate (4) is smaller than the size of the screen (31).
CN201921883572.3U 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Sorghum unshelling and screening device Expired - Fee Related CN211026445U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921883572.3U CN211026445U (en) 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Sorghum unshelling and screening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921883572.3U CN211026445U (en) 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Sorghum unshelling and screening device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211026445U true CN211026445U (en) 2020-07-17

Family

ID=71562700

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921883572.3U Expired - Fee Related CN211026445U (en) 2019-11-04 2019-11-04 Sorghum unshelling and screening device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211026445U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107348526A (en) A kind of food processing hull cracking screening plant
CN107930769B (en) Lifting type circulating crushing processing device for corn grains
CN215964040U (en) Food material grinds whitewashed device
CN111841745A (en) Agricultural production is threshed and is ground into powder equipment with maize
CN112844525A (en) Rice mill is used in rice production and processing
CN106983117B (en) Automatic processing robot for castanopsis sclerophylla seeds
CN211026445U (en) Sorghum unshelling and screening device
CN112620106B (en) Method and equipment for shelling and screening camellia oleifera fruits
CN203897226U (en) Immature and mature coffee fruit separating machine
CN112930882A (en) Agricultural corn seed thresher with screening function
CN205443221U (en) Oil tea fruit seed skin intelligence treatment combination unit
CN214917930U (en) Shrimp meat size classifying screen device is used in production
CN111001555A (en) Camellia seed takes off preserved fruit cleaning equipment
CN207187822U (en) A kind of selection by winnowing device for peeling for grain-production processing
CN205071722U (en) Corn thresher with roller screen
CN220496532U (en) Broken grinder is used in cereal processing
CN213486800U (en) Camellia seed huller
CN218831365U (en) Threshing device for corn processing
CN217747266U (en) Peanut huller for grain and oil production and processing
CN210994434U (en) Winnowing peeling device for grain production and processing
CN205180295U (en) Beating machine that can unpick and wash
CN210137795U (en) Tea seed peeling device
CN219816555U (en) Corn flour mill
CN211359062U (en) Grain smashing device
CN215836024U (en) Environment-friendly agricultural maize disengaging device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200717

Termination date: 20211104