CN211024993U - Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement - Google Patents

Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211024993U
CN211024993U CN201921582284.4U CN201921582284U CN211024993U CN 211024993 U CN211024993 U CN 211024993U CN 201921582284 U CN201921582284 U CN 201921582284U CN 211024993 U CN211024993 U CN 211024993U
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China
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leg
fixing frame
frame
ring fixing
circular ring
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201921582284.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭丽敏
刘静
杨思源
贾媛
孟繁洁
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Individual
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Abstract

A leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement comprises a circular ring fixing frame, wherein a clamping base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame, a rotating shaft is coaxially and rotatably arranged on an inner circle in the middle of the circular ring fixing frame, and an arc-shaped guide groove is formed in the side wall of the outer circle of the circular ring fixing frame; one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a leg positioning frame in an adjustable way, and one side of the leg positioning frame is connected with a sliding block which is matched and slides in the arc-shaped guide groove in an adjustable way. The device can carry out spacing restraint to patient's shank activity, can effectively restrict the interior, the external rotation of patient's shank and interior, abduction action, makes patient's shank only can drive the activity of buckling in same vertical plane with its upper part of the body, has effectively avoided the patient to lead to the problem that hip joint secondary dislocates because of the motion is not standard.

Description

Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, a leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement is related to.
Background
With the increasing of the number of the population with the aggravation of aging and the increase of the number of the vulnerable groups such as limb disabilities, more and more people can not walk independently due to hip joint necrosis or fracture caused by joint aging abrasion or external force injury. Surgical approaches are often adopted in the prior art, and for unstable femoral neck fracture, femoral head necrosis, old patients or patient guidelines with weak fracture healing capacity recommend replacement of necrotic tissue of patients with artificial hip joints, which is the most common approach in clinical posterior surgery at present. As is known, a patient should perform local light-weight activities after hip replacement to improve symptoms of numbness of limbs and dyskinesia and gradually recover leg functions, the activity training needs to perform leg lifting and knee bending training according to medical advice, the leg lifting and knee bending training needs to gradually increase the leg lifting or knee bending angle of the patient according to the postoperative interval time, but the leg lifting and knee bending actions and upper body expelling of the patient need to be strictly required to keep the same vertical plane in the early stage of the postoperative training, and the internal rotation, adduction or excessive hip bending activities of the affected limb cannot be performed in the early stage of the postoperative. However, when the leg of the current patient moves, the action is not standard, so that the hip joint implanted by the current patient is dislocated, and the treatment effect is seriously influenced.
However, the existing lower limb exercise rehabilitation device cannot be used by patients who are bedridden or have inconvenient movement, and has complex structure, heavy equipment and high price.
Through searching the published patents, the following patent documents most relevant to the technical scheme are found:
an above-knee amputation hip joint function rehabilitation training device (CN101623549B) discloses an above-knee amputation hip joint function rehabilitation training device which belongs to the technical field of rehabilitation medical instruments. The magnetic powder torquer is used as a damping source, and the training resistance (torque) can be adjusted in a large range in multiple stages. The adjusting mechanism has adjusting functions in vertical and horizontal directions, and can adjust the position of the magnetic powder torquer within a certain range in the vertical and horizontal directions. The stump support mechanism is matched with the body position adjusting system, and can adapt to the body positions of patients with different orientations when the hip joint is trained on a sagittal plane and a horizontal plane. The whole trainer greatly simplifies the mechanical structure and effectively reduces the production cost on the premise of fully adapting to different patients and different training requirements.
A horizontal lower limb rehabilitation robot training mechanism and system (CN109875848A) discloses a horizontal lower limb rehabilitation robot training mechanism and system, which comprises a first driving device, a second driving device, a first pedal and a second pedal; the first driving device comprises a first driving motor, a transmission device, a first rotating shaft and a second rotating shaft, the driving motor drives the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft to rotate through the transmission device, and a first synchronous belt and a second synchronous belt are mounted on the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft; the first pedal is arranged on the first synchronous belt, and the second pedal is arranged on the second synchronous belt; the second driving device comprises a second driving motor, a tooth column, a first turbine turntable mechanism and a second turbine turntable mechanism; the second driving motor drives the tooth column to rotate; the first turbine turntable mechanism and the second turbine turntable mechanism are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the tooth column, and the first turbine turntable mechanism and the second turbine turntable mechanism are arranged on the first synchronous belt and the second synchronous belt; the first pedal and the second pedal are driven to swing by a certain angle.
Through comparative analysis of the above published patent documents, the applicant believes that the leg-raising training device in the present application is more suitable for wide clinical use, and the structure and function thereof are also greatly different from those of the prior art, and the patent does not affect the novelty of the present patent application through analysis.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome prior art's weak point, provide a leg lifting training device for early recovery after hip joint replacement, the device can carry out spacing restraint to patient's shank activity to the leg lifting angle of accessible machinery spacing regulation patient has effectively avoided the hip joint secondary dislocation condition that the patient leads to because of the motion action is irregular.
A leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement comprises a circular ring fixing frame, wherein a clamping base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame, a rotating shaft is coaxially and rotatably arranged on an inner circle in the middle of the circular ring fixing frame, and an arc-shaped guide groove is formed in the side wall of the outer circle of the circular ring fixing frame; one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a leg positioning frame in an adjustable way, and one side of the leg positioning frame is connected with a sliding block which is matched and slides in the arc-shaped guide groove in an adjustable way.
The clamping base is fixedly arranged on two sides of the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame and comprises a fixing upper plate, a fixing lower plate and fastening bolts; and a fixed lower plate is arranged under the fixed upper plate at intervals, and the fixed upper plate is penetrated and connected with a fastening bolt through threads.
And two telescopic loop bars are fixedly arranged on the side wall of the leg fixing frame, the other end of one telescopic loop bar is coaxially and fixedly arranged with the rotating shaft, and the other end of the other telescopic loop bar is fixedly connected with the sliding block.
The arc-shaped guide groove is a through groove, and a sliding block is arranged in the arc-shaped guide groove in a sliding mode in the circumferential direction; the top of the excircle of the ring fixing frame is provided with a graduated scale and a plurality of limiting bolt holes communicated with the arc-shaped guide groove; the limiting bolt hole is internally threaded with a limiting bolt which extends into the arc-shaped guide groove to limit the maximum sliding angle of the sliding block.
The leg positioning frame comprises a square frame and a sliding hanging frame, wherein one side wall of the square frame is fixedly connected with one end of the telescopic sleeve rod, and the hanging frame is slidably mounted at the bottom of the square frame; the square frame is provided with a guide rail, and the bottom of the guide rail is connected with a hanging bracket in a sliding way; the bottom bonding of gallows is fixed with the fixed gasbag of shank, and the bottom hoist and mount of gallows has the bandage of a plurality of ligature shank fixed gasbags.
The utility model has the advantages and the technical effect be:
the utility model discloses a leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip joint replacement, which fixes a ring fixing frame at the edge of a sickbed of a patient through a clamping base, drives a leg positioning frame to rotate through a rotating shaft at the center of the inner circle of the ring fixing frame, and limits the sliding displacement of a sliding block by an arc guide groove on the excircle of the ring fixing frame, thereby realizing the steering support of the leg positioning frame, on one hand, improving the structural strength of the leg positioning frame, on the other hand, limiting the maximum steering angle of the sliding block and the leg positioning frame connected with the sliding block by inserting a limiting bolt on the excircle of the ring fixing frame; in addition, the leg fixing frame is respectively connected with the rotating shaft and the sliding block through two telescopic sleeve rods, so that a doctor can conveniently adjust the horizontal distance between the leg positioning frame and the circular ring fixing frame according to the width of a sickbed and the position of a patient; in addition, when the legs of the patient are lifted, the rotating shafts (hip joints) of the legs of the patient are not coaxial with the rotating shafts in the inner circle of the circular ring fixing frame, so that the legs of the patient and the leg fixing frame are necessarily positioned and slide.
The leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip joint replacement of the utility model is used for determining the maximum angle of lifting legs or bending knees of a patient according to the postoperative recovery time according to the medical advice so as to avoid the secondary dislocation of the hip joint caused by improper movement; the leg fixing frame of the device can limit and restrict the leg movement of a patient, can effectively limit the internal rotation, the internal contraction or the excessive hip bending movement of the leg of the patient, enables the leg of the patient to be driven to bend and move in the same vertical plane with the upper body of the patient, and effectively avoids the problem that the hip joint of the patient is dislocated for the second time due to the non-standard movement of the patient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the leg lift training device for recovery after hip replacement of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a view of the leg lift training device for recovery after hip replacement;
FIG. 1-ring mount; 2-a limit bolt; 3-arc guide groove; 4-square frame; 5-a hanging bracket; 6-binding band; 7-fixing the upper plate; 8-fixing the lower plate; 9-fastening bolts; 10-telescopic loop bar; 11-a guide rail; 12-a limit bolt hole; 13-a graduated scale; 14-a slide block; 15-leg fixation balloon.
Detailed Description
For further understanding of the contents, features and effects of the present invention, the following embodiments will be exemplified in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the present embodiment is illustrative, not restrictive, and the scope of the invention should not be limited thereby.
A leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement comprises a circular ring fixing frame 1, wherein a clamping base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame, a rotating shaft is coaxially and rotatably arranged on an inner circle in the middle of the circular ring fixing frame, and an arc-shaped guide groove 3 is formed in the outer circular side wall of the circular ring fixing frame; one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a leg positioning frame in an adjustable way, and one side of the leg positioning frame is connected with a sliding block 14 which is matched and slides in the arc-shaped guide groove in an adjustable way.
Moreover, the clamping base is fixedly arranged at two sides of the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame and comprises a fixed upper plate 7, a fixed lower plate 8 and a fastening bolt 9; and a fixed lower plate is arranged under the fixed upper plate at intervals, and the fixed upper plate is penetrated and connected with a fastening bolt through threads.
And two telescopic loop bars 10 are fixedly arranged on the side wall of the leg fixing frame, the other end of one telescopic loop bar is coaxially and fixedly arranged with the rotating shaft, and the other end of the other telescopic loop bar is fixedly connected with the sliding block.
The arc-shaped guide groove is a through groove, and a sliding block is arranged in the arc-shaped guide groove in a sliding mode in the circumferential direction; the top of the excircle of the ring fixing frame is provided with a graduated scale 13 and a plurality of limiting bolt holes 12 communicated with the arc-shaped guide groove; the limiting bolt hole is internally threaded with a limiting bolt 2 which extends into the arc-shaped guide groove to limit the maximum sliding angle of the sliding block.
The leg positioning frame comprises a square frame 4 and a sliding hanger 5, wherein one side wall of the square frame is fixedly connected with one end of the telescopic loop bar, and the hanger is slidably mounted at the bottom of the square frame; the square frame is provided with a guide rail 11, and the bottom of the guide rail is connected with a hanging bracket in a sliding way; the bottom of the hanger is fixedly bonded with a leg fixing air bag 15, and the bottom of the hanger is hung with a plurality of binding bands 6 for binding the leg fixing air bags.
In addition, the utility model discloses preferentially, the pivot is the through shaft to pivot, and pivot, slider and square frame and flexible loop bar are detachable fixed connection, and both ends, both sides of slider and both sides of square frame of pivot can connect flexible loop bar, and its connected mode adopts the mature means in the prior art; when a patient lifts the left leg, the connection mode of the device is as shown in fig. 3, and the device is clamped and fixed on the left side of the sickbed; when a patient lifts the right leg, the device is clamped and fixed on the right side of the sickbed, and at the moment, the telescopic loop bar and the square frame need to be detached and are arranged on the back of the device.
Additionally, the utility model discloses it is preferred, for the patient's of minimizing resistance of lifting the leg to reduce whole trainer's dead weight and be convenient for clinical use, ring mount, gallows and square frame all adopt the light plastics material to make.
Additionally, the utility model discloses preferred, the fixed gasbag of shank adopts the ripe product among the prior art for the flexible of patient's shank is fixed, and the shank carries out nonstandard actions such as internal rotation when avoiding trading the certificate and lifting the leg motion.
For a more clear description of the embodiments of the present invention, the following provides an example:
the utility model discloses preferred hip joint replacement postoperative resumes with lifting leg trainer should follow medical advice and decide the biggest leg lifting angle according to postoperative recovery time:
day 1 after surgery:
the exercise is raised to straight leg, and the knee joint is stretched as far as possible during the exercise, raises to heel and apart from 20cm department of bed surface, insists on and begins the exercise next time after having a rest for 5 seconds behind the exhausted. 5-10 times per group, 1-2 groups per day.
The hip joint flexion and extension exercise is carried out under the strict guidance of doctors, the knee joint position should not exceed the hip joint, and the leg lifting angle should be controlled to be less than 15 degrees, 3-4 times per group and 1-2 groups per day. At the moment, an appropriate limiting bolt hole is selected according to a graduated scale on an outer ring of the ring fixing frame, the limiting bolt is inserted to limit the maximum rotating angle of the sliding block in the arc-shaped guide groove, the leg of the patient is fixed in the horizontal direction by the leg fixing frame, the leg of the patient is pressed in the vertical direction and is driven by the leg of the patient to rotate on the rotating shaft, and finally the limitation on the maximum angle of leg lifting and the limitation on outward rotation/outward expansion action of the patient are achieved.
And (2) postoperative day to 3 day:
the exercise content on the 1 st day is strengthened, and the exercises of sitting beside the bed, standing and leaning on the crutch can be performed under the guidance of medical staff. The rehabilitation teacher gives instructions to hold the side knee joint with both hands, so that the hip knee joint keeps the flexion position, and the pressing bed is pressed downwards by stretching forcefully, so that the affected side hip joint is fully stretched to prevent contracture of the joint capsule.
Use the utility model discloses a raise the leg trainer, raise the leg training, raise the leg angle and follow 15 ~ 45 and slowly adapt to, then increase gradually to 60.
4-7 days after operation:
strengthen the 2 nd ~ 3 day exercise content, use the utility model discloses a leg lifting trainer carries out the activity of sick side hip, knee joint, starts from 0 ~ 60, increases 5 ~ 10 one by one day, until 90, the angle is bigger even, 15 ~ 30 min/time, 2 times/day.
After the exercise of joint activity, the joint can be iced for 15-20 minutes each time for several times a day if the joint is hot and painful.
1 st to 2 weeks after operation:
the angle of hip joint flexion is strengthened under the guidance of medical staff, the flexion can reach 70-90 degrees, abduction can reach 15 degrees and external rotation can reach 10 degrees. Bending and stretching exercises: extending the lower limbs backward to extend the anterior joint capsule and the hip flexor group; bending the lower limbs forward to allow the hip joint to bend; abduction exercise: the adductor muscle group of the hip joint is stronger than the abductor muscle group, and most patients have adductor deformity, so that the abductor angle of the hip joint is gradually increased by planning after the operation; gluteus medius exercise: the gluteus medius is the main muscle of hip abduction, and weakness of the gluteus medius can lead to walking swing, which should be strengthened for practice.
It will be understood that modifications and variations can be made by persons skilled in the art in light of the above teachings and all such modifications and variations are considered to be within the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement, which is characterized in that: the clamping device comprises a circular ring fixing frame, wherein a clamping base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame, a rotating shaft is coaxially and rotatably arranged on an inner circle in the middle of the circular ring fixing frame, and an arc-shaped guide groove is formed in the side wall of the outer circle of the circular ring fixing frame; one end of the rotating shaft is connected with a leg positioning frame in an adjustable mode, and one side of the leg positioning frame is connected with a sliding block which is matched with the arc-shaped guide groove to slide in an adjustable mode.
2. The leg raising training device for the early rehabilitation after hip replacement according to claim 1, characterized in that: the clamping base is fixedly arranged on two sides of the bottom of the circular ring fixing frame and comprises a fixing upper plate, a fixing lower plate and fastening bolts; and a fixed lower plate is arranged under the fixed upper plate at intervals, and the fixed upper plate is penetrated and connected with a fastening bolt through threads.
3. The leg raising training device for the early rehabilitation after hip replacement according to claim 1, characterized in that: two telescopic sleeve rods are fixedly mounted on the side wall of the leg fixing frame, the other end of one telescopic sleeve rod is coaxially and fixedly mounted with the rotating shaft, and the other end of the other telescopic sleeve rod is fixedly connected with the sliding block.
4. The leg raising training device for the early rehabilitation after hip replacement according to claim 1, characterized in that: the arc-shaped guide groove is a through groove, and a sliding block is arranged in the arc-shaped guide groove in a sliding mode in the circumferential direction; the top of the excircle of the ring fixing frame is provided with a graduated scale and a plurality of limiting bolt holes communicated with the arc-shaped guide groove; and the limiting bolt hole is internally threaded with a limiting bolt which extends into the arc-shaped guide groove to limit the maximum sliding angle of the sliding block.
5. The leg raising training device for the early rehabilitation after hip replacement according to claim 1, characterized in that: the leg positioning frame comprises a square frame and a sliding hanging frame, wherein one side wall of the square frame is fixedly connected with one end of the telescopic sleeve rod, and the hanging frame is slidably mounted at the bottom of the square frame; the square frame is provided with a guide rail, and the bottom of the guide rail is connected with a hanging bracket in a sliding way; the bottom of gallows bonds and is fixed with the fixed gasbag of shank, and the bottom hoist and mount of gallows has the bandage of a plurality of ligature shank fixed gasbags.
CN201921582284.4U 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement Expired - Fee Related CN211024993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921582284.4U CN211024993U (en) 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921582284.4U CN211024993U (en) 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 Leg lifting training device for early rehabilitation after hip replacement

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CN211024993U true CN211024993U (en) 2020-07-17

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112190876A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-08 孙政尧 Training device for orthopedic rehabilitation
CN112755447A (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-05-07 河南省洛阳正骨医院(河南省骨科医院) Postoperative rehabilitation training device for total hip replacement patient
CN113521656A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-10-22 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Stretching apparatus before motion
CN113546374A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-10-26 温州医科大学 Seat formula sports training is with supplementary leg pressing stretching device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112190876A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-08 孙政尧 Training device for orthopedic rehabilitation
CN112190876B (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-10-01 孙政尧 Training device for orthopedic rehabilitation
CN112755447A (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-05-07 河南省洛阳正骨医院(河南省骨科医院) Postoperative rehabilitation training device for total hip replacement patient
CN113521656A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-10-22 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Stretching apparatus before motion
CN113521656B (en) * 2021-07-13 2022-05-03 江苏经贸职业技术学院 Stretching apparatus before motion
CN113546374A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-10-26 温州医科大学 Seat formula sports training is with supplementary leg pressing stretching device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200717

Termination date: 20210923

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee