CN210840686U - Automatic garlic harvester - Google Patents

Automatic garlic harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210840686U
CN210840686U CN201921723888.6U CN201921723888U CN210840686U CN 210840686 U CN210840686 U CN 210840686U CN 201921723888 U CN201921723888 U CN 201921723888U CN 210840686 U CN210840686 U CN 210840686U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
unit
clamping
cutting
harvesting
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Application number
CN201921723888.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨添
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Shandong Dilong Machinery Co ltd
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Shandong Dilong Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921723888.6U priority Critical patent/CN210840686U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a garlic harvesting apparatus, in particular to garlic automatic harvester, include: the garlic harvesting unit is obliquely arranged at the front end of the garlic harvesting unit and comprises at least two clamping units arranged side by side, each clamping unit comprises a clamping chain for clamping garlic seedlings and a cutting unit for cutting the garlic seedlings, a depth limiting wheel is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit and hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, an adjusting rod is connected between the depth limiting wheel and the garlic harvesting unit, and a removing knife is arranged below the garlic harvesting unit; the standing grain pulling unit is arranged in front of the device, and can rightly hold the fallen garlic seedlings, so that the clamping unit can conveniently clamp the garlic seedlings, the normal work of the harvesting device is ensured, and the garlic is not easy to fall. Due to the arrangement of the depth limiting wheels, the garlic clamping and pulling device can move up and down according to the fluctuation of the land, so that the positions of the garlic harvesting units for clamping and pulling the garlic stalks are basically the same, the lengths of the garlic seedlings left on the garlic are basically the same, and secondary treatment is not needed.

Description

Automatic garlic harvester
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a garlic harvesting apparatus, in particular to automatic garlic harvester, which belongs to the field of agricultural instruments.
Background
China is a big country for garlic export, the garlic market in many countries has a high share, the garlic planting area in China is extremely large, but the collection efficiency of the garlic in China is still at a low level when the garlic is harvested at present. The comparatively common collection mode has artifical the collection, and collection efficiency is extremely low, and a large amount of extravagant manpowers have increased the results cost. However, some harvesting machines exist in the prior art, but due to the unreasonable structure, when in harvesting, the soil entering position is not easy to control, so that the garlic is easily damaged, meanwhile, the stem cutting effect is not ideal, the stems on the garlic are cut to different lengths, the garlic needs to be re-sorted manually and subjected to secondary treatment, and even serious people can cut the garlic, so that the garlic is damaged, and the yield of the garlic is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides an automatic garlic harvester for solving the problems existing in the prior art, which solves the technical problem at present.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is:
the utility model provides an automatic garlic harvester, include: the garlic harvesting machine comprises a machine body, wherein a garlic harvesting unit is obliquely arranged at the front end of the machine body and comprises at least two clamping units arranged side by side, each clamping unit comprises a clamping chain and a cutting unit, the clamping chains are used for clamping garlic seedlings, the cutting units are used for cutting the garlic seedlings, a depth limiting wheel is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit and hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, an adjusting rod is connected between the depth limiting wheel and the garlic harvesting unit, and a removing knife is arranged below the garlic harvesting unit.
Preferably, the clamping unit includes the casing, pivot and centre gripping chain, every the clamping unit includes two centre gripping chains, and the turning to of two centre gripping chains is opposite, the pivot sets up in the both ends of casing, every the centre gripping chain cover is in two pivots.
Preferably, a seedling pulling unit is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit and comprises a motor, a main shaft and pulling pieces, the pulling pieces are arranged on the main shaft and comprise a plurality of groups, the pulling pieces of the groups are uniformly distributed on the main shaft, and each group comprises at least two pulling pieces which are uniformly distributed on two sides of a gap between two adjacent clamping chains.
Preferably, the cutting unit comprises a motor and a cutter, the cutter is arranged on the motor, and the cutter is located under a gap between two adjacent clamping units.
Preferably, the garlic harvesting unit further comprises a frame, the frame is arranged below the clamping unit, a telescopic rod is hinged to the frame, and the other end of the telescopic rod is hinged to the vehicle body.
Preferably, a conveying belt is arranged below the garlic harvesting unit and is arranged under the cutting unit, and an upward inclined lifting machine conveying belt is arranged on one side of the conveying belt.
Preferably, the different clamping units are connected through a connecting rod.
Preferably, the depth wheel is arranged on a depth wheel support, the depth wheel support is hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, and V-shaped guide rods used for preventing the depth wheel from pressing garlic are arranged on two sides of the depth wheel.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the standing grain pulling unit is arranged in front of the device, and can rightly hold the fallen garlic seedlings, so that the clamping unit can conveniently clamp the garlic seedlings, the normal work of the harvester is ensured, and the garlic is not easy to fall.
(2) Due to the arrangement of the depth limiting wheels, the garlic clamping and pulling device can move up and down according to the fluctuation of the land, so that the positions of the garlic harvesting units for clamping and pulling the garlic stalks are basically the same, the garlic seedlings left on the garlic can be ensured to be basically consistent in length when the cutting device cuts off the garlic seedlings of the garlic, and secondary operation treatment is not needed.
(3) The garlic harvesting device can automatically harvest garlic, saves labor force, can quickly collect and pack the garlic, greatly improves production efficiency and saves time.
Drawings
The foregoing aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automatic garlic harvester according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic front view of an automatic garlic harvester according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a rear view schematic diagram of a garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic front view of a garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic top view of a garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a left side view schematically illustrating the garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic top view of a garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic bottom view of a garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a left side view schematically illustrating the garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic top view of the garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the garlic harvesting unit of the automatic garlic harvester according to the embodiment of the present invention
Description of reference numerals:
in fig. 1 to 11, a vehicle body 1; a telescopic rod 2; a conveyor belt 3; a frame 4; a clamping unit 5; a depth wheel 6; a V-shaped guide rod 7; a reel unit 8; a plectrum 9; a main shaft 10; a motor 11; an adjustment lever 12; a connecting rod 13; a hoist belt 14; a cutter removing 15; a clamping chain 16; a cutting unit 17; a cutting knife 18; a rotating shaft 19; a housing 20.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides an automatic garlic harvester, include: the garlic harvesting machine comprises a machine body 1, a garlic harvesting unit is obliquely arranged at the front end of the machine body 1, the garlic harvesting unit comprises at least two clamping units 5 arranged side by side, each clamping unit 5 comprises a clamping chain 16 used for clamping garlic seedlings and a cutting unit 17 used for cutting the garlic seedlings, a depth limiting wheel 6 is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit, the depth limiting wheel 6 is hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, an adjusting rod 12 is further connected between the depth limiting wheel 6 and the garlic harvesting unit, and a cutter 15 is arranged below the garlic harvesting unit.
The vehicle body 1 is composed of a vehicle chassis, a driving control system, an oil tank, an engine, a crawler belt and the like, and the vehicle body 1 adopts the mature technology of the existing agricultural machinery and can also be replaced by the existing agricultural machinery to ensure the walking and the control of equipment. The number of the clamping units 5 is 7, and the working principle of the clamping units 5 is as follows: the 7 clamping units 5 are arranged side by side, two side edges of each clamping unit 5 are respectively provided with a chain, the adjacent chains on the adjacent clamping units 5 are mutually contacted, and the moving directions and the speeds of the two chains at the contact positions are the same, so when the device walks forwards, garlic seedlings can be clamped by the two adjacent chains, then the garlic seedlings can be driven to the position of the cutting unit 17 due to the movement of the chains, and the garlic can be cut off by the cutting unit 17 due to the fact that garlic is arranged below the garlic seedlings at the moment. The depth wheel 6 is a plastic wheel and is used for adjusting the height between the lowest end of the clamping unit 5 and the ground. The adjustment lever 12 is a turnbuckle, both ends of which are connected to the device by hinges. The removing knife 15 is connected on the frame 4, the front end of the removing knife 15 can adopt the shape of the blade part of the plow, the removing knife 15 is used for turning the garlic buried underground, and the front end of the removing knife 15 is lower than the bottommost part of the depth wheel 6 by a few centimeters when in use.
The clamping unit 5 comprises a shell 20, rotating shafts 19 and clamping chains 16, each clamping unit 5 comprises two clamping chains 16, the steering directions of the two clamping chains 16 are opposite, the rotating shafts 19 are arranged at two ends of the shell 20 and are arranged every, the clamping chains 16 are sleeved on the two rotating shafts 19, the chains are connected with the shafts through chain wheels, one of the two rotating shafts 19 sleeved by each clamping chain 16 is a driving shaft, the other one of the two rotating shafts is a driven shaft, the driving shaft is a shaft with a higher position, the shaft is connected with a motor through a universal coupling, the motor is arranged on the frame 4, the shell 20 is a metal shell, and the structure is shown in the attached drawing.
A reel unit 8 is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit, the reel unit 8 comprises a motor 11, a main shaft 10 and a plurality of reels 9, the reels 9 are arranged on the main shaft 10, the reels 9 comprise a plurality of groups, the reels 9 are uniformly distributed on the main shaft 10, each group comprises at least two reels 9 uniformly distributed on two sides of a gap between two adjacent clamping chains 16, each reel 9 comprises two halves, one half close to the main shaft 10 is metal, the other half far away from the main shaft 10 is rubber, rigid contact between the reel 9 and the ground or garlic seedlings is prevented, and the motor 11 can use a hydraulic motor 11 or an electric motor.
The cutting unit 17 comprises a motor and a cutter 18, the cutter 18 is arranged on the motor, the cutter 18 is positioned right below a gap between two adjacent clamping units 5, and the cutter 18 is a stainless steel blade.
The garlic results unit still includes frame 4, and frame 4 sets up in the below of centre gripping unit 5, and frame 4 is a trapezoidal metal frame for support garlic results unit, and it has telescopic link 2 to hinge on the frame 4, and the 2 other ends of telescopic link articulate on automobile body 1, and telescopic link 2 is total 4, for the hydraulic stem, can adjust the difference in height between garlic results unit and the ground through the length of adjusting the hydraulic stem.
Garlic results unit below is provided with conveyer belt 3, and conveyer belt 3 sets up under cutting unit 17, and one side of conveyer belt 3 is provided with the lifting machine conveyer belt 14 of tilt up, can carry the upper end to the garlic, conveniently collects.
The different clamping units 5 are connected through a connecting rod 13, and the connecting rod 13 is a metal rod. Depth wheel 6 sets up on depth wheel 6 supports, and depth wheel 6 supports includes a metal pole and a U type support, and in depth wheel 6 relative pivoted was fixed in U type support, metal pole one end was connected on U type support, and the other end articulates on garlic results unit, and the both sides of depth wheel 6 are provided with the V type guide bar 7 that is used for preventing depth wheel 6 to press the garlic, and V type guide bar 7 is the metal pole of V type.
When the garlic harvester is used, firstly, the height of the depth limiting wheel 6 is adjusted according to the planting depth of garlic, the garlic can be turned out by the depth limiting wheel 15, the garlic cannot be cut, then the machine is started, gaps between two adjacent clamping units 5 are opposite to garlic seedlings, the garlic seedlings can enter the gaps between the two clamping units 5 in the forward walking process of the machine, the depth limiting wheel 15 can move to the position of the garlic to turn out the garlic, then the garlic and the garlic seedlings can be brought to the position of the cutting unit 17 along with the movement of the clamping chains 16 on the clamping units 5, at the moment, the cutting knife 18 can cut off the garlic seedlings as the motor drives the cutting knife 18 to rotate, the garlic heads can fall onto the conveying belt 3 below the cutting knife 18, then the garlic heads can move onto the lifting machine conveying belt 14 along with the conveying belt 3, and move to a higher position along with the lifting machine conveying belt 14 to be collected.
When the garlic sprouts fall down, the seedling shifting unit 8 in front of the device can be opened, and along with the rotation of the seedling shifting unit 8, the garlic sprouts can be shifted to the position parallel to the movement direction of the machine, so that the garlic sprouts can be conveniently clamped by the clamping chains 16 and are not easy to fall.
The standing grain pulling unit 8 is arranged in front of the device, and can right the fallen garlic seedlings, so that the clamping unit 5 can conveniently clamp the garlic seedlings, the normal work of the harvester is ensured, and the garlic is not easy to fall. Due to the arrangement of the depth limiting wheels 6, the garlic clamping and pulling device can move up and down according to the fluctuation of the land, so that the positions of the garlic harvesting units for clamping and pulling the garlic stalks are basically the same, the garlic seedlings left on the garlic can be ensured to be basically consistent in length when the cutting device cuts off the garlic seedlings of the garlic, and secondary operation treatment is not needed. The garlic harvesting device can automatically harvest garlic, saves labor force, can quickly collect and pack the garlic, greatly improves production efficiency and saves time.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. An automatic garlic harvester comprising: the automobile body, its characterized in that: the garlic harvesting unit is obliquely arranged at the front end of the vehicle body and comprises at least two clamping units arranged side by side, each clamping unit comprises a clamping chain and a cutting unit, the clamping chains are used for clamping garlic seedlings, the cutting units are used for cutting the garlic seedlings, a depth limiting wheel is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit and hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, an adjusting rod is connected between the depth limiting wheel and the garlic harvesting unit, and a removing knife is arranged below the garlic harvesting unit.
2. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the clamping unit comprises a shell, a rotating shaft and clamping chains, each clamping unit comprises two clamping chains, the rotating shaft is arranged at two ends of the shell, and each clamping chain is sleeved on the two rotating shafts.
3. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the garlic harvesting unit is characterized in that a seedling pulling unit is arranged in front of the garlic harvesting unit and comprises a motor, a main shaft and a plurality of groups of pulling sheets, and the plurality of groups of pulling sheets are uniformly distributed on the main shaft.
4. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the cutting unit comprises a motor and a cutting knife, the cutting knife is arranged on the motor, and the cutting knife is located under a gap between two adjacent clamping units.
5. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the garlic harvesting unit further comprises a frame, the frame is arranged below the clamping unit, a telescopic rod is hinged to the frame, and the other end of the telescopic rod is hinged to the vehicle body.
6. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the garlic results unit below is provided with the conveyer belt, the conveyer belt sets up under the cutting unit, one side of conveyer belt is provided with the ascending lifting machine conveyer belt that inclines.
7. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the different clamping units are connected through a connecting rod.
8. The automatic garlic harvester of claim 1, wherein: the depth wheel is arranged on the depth wheel support, the depth wheel support is hinged to the garlic harvesting unit, and V-shaped guide rods used for preventing the depth wheel from pressing garlic are arranged on two sides of the depth wheel.
CN201921723888.6U 2019-10-15 2019-10-15 Automatic garlic harvester Active CN210840686U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921723888.6U CN210840686U (en) 2019-10-15 2019-10-15 Automatic garlic harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921723888.6U CN210840686U (en) 2019-10-15 2019-10-15 Automatic garlic harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210840686U true CN210840686U (en) 2020-06-26

Family

ID=71295225

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921723888.6U Active CN210840686U (en) 2019-10-15 2019-10-15 Automatic garlic harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210840686U (en)

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