CN201860576U - Digging-cutting machine for beets - Google Patents

Digging-cutting machine for beets Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201860576U
CN201860576U CN2010205942016U CN201020594201U CN201860576U CN 201860576 U CN201860576 U CN 201860576U CN 2010205942016 U CN2010205942016 U CN 2010205942016U CN 201020594201 U CN201020594201 U CN 201020594201U CN 201860576 U CN201860576 U CN 201860576U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
digging
wheel
beet
cutting machine
affixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010205942016U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
常财刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINJIANG WENYAN HI-TECH MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
常财刚
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 常财刚 filed Critical 常财刚
Priority to CN2010205942016U priority Critical patent/CN201860576U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201860576U publication Critical patent/CN201860576U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a digging-cutting machine for beets. A reducer is installed on a machine frame which is provided with a limiting wheel, and a digging wheel is driven by an output shaft on one side of the reducer through a chain. Digging forks which are bilaterally symmetrical, incline outwards and radically extend outwards are fixedly connected and evenly distributed on two circumferences of a digging fork fixing disk of a hub of the digging wheel. Beet separators are evenly installed on the hub of the digging wheel, and each shifting rod controlled by a torsional spring of each beet separator is respectively matched with each pair of the digging forks on the digging wheel. A shifting sheet at the tail end of the shifting rod is matched with a positioning rod installed on the machine frame, mud brushing rotary brushes which are matched with the digging forks of the digging wheel are arranged above the digging wheel and driven by an output shaft on the other side of the reducer through the chain. A green-head cutter which is driven by the reducer through the chain is installed on the machine frame in front of the digging wheel, and is matched with green heads of beets without beet leaves in the field. The digging-cutting machine for the beets utilizes machines instead of manual work to lead the green heads of the beets in the field to be cut and the beets to be dug by one step, and the dug beets are cleaner. Furthermore, the digging-cutting machine for the beets is stable and reliable in work performance, and high in work efficiency.

Description

A kind of beet digging-cutting machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the machinery of gathering in the crops beet, particularly a kind of beet digging-cutting machine.
Background technology
The operating type of tradition results beet is manually with spade or iron fork beet to be dug out in ground, then the beet that digs out is pruned the dish leaf and the root of beet head with cutter.Its labour intensity is big, and is time-consuming, inefficiency.
A kind of sugarbeet harvester is arranged, its structure is that the dial that band is grabbed spade is housed on vehicle frame, be installed on the oil pressure crane of vehicle frame front portion fixing vertical rod is housed, useful spring cutter connected vertically in vertical rod are placed at the sole of bite both sides and the colter of below and all are contained in the crane lower end.Its weak point is that service behaviour is relatively poor, and the earth that the beet that digs out adheres to is more, has influenced operating efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of beet digging-cutting machine, not only replaces manual work with machinery, the beet in the ground can be carried out peel beet green head, excavate and once finish, and the beet that digs out is cleaner, stable work in work, reliable, high efficiency.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that a kind of beet digging-cutting machine, powerdriven decelerator is installed being equipped with on the frame of position-limited wheel, the sprocket wheel that decelerator one side output shaft is installed by power transmission shaft one side of chain drive rotates by the chain drive digging wheel, the structure of digging wheel is uniform affixed a left side on the two sides circumference that digs the fork fixed disk of digging wheel wheel hub, right symmetry is outward-dipping, be radial stretch out dig fork, the uniform beet disconnector that is installed with on the digging wheel wheel hub, the driving lever of each beet disconnector torsion spring control respectively with digging wheel on every pair dig fork and match, the backstay of installing on the plectrum of driving lever afterbody and the frame matches, above digging wheel, be provided with and digging the earth that matches of fork with digging wheel and brush and change brush, the output shaft of decelerator opposite side brushes by chain drive earth changes the brush rotation, on the frame in digging wheel the place ahead, the upright shafts that sprocket wheel is equipped with in the upper end is installed by bearing, installing a blue or green resectoscope in the lower end of upright shafts, the beet green head of removing beet tops in the cutter of a blue or green resectoscope and the ground matches, and the output shaft on decelerator top is by the resectoscope rotation of chain drive green grass or young crops.
During work, the utility model is pulled in the tractor back, and the power of tractor input decelerator, three output shafts of decelerator drive a blue or green resectoscope, digging wheel and earth by chain drive respectively and brush the commentaries on classics brush.Tractor is in the ranks advanced along beet, and the cutterhead liftable of the green grass or young crops that a horizontally rotates resectoscope is adjusted height automatically according to the height of beet, and the blue or green head of beet is cut away, and the fork that digs of digging wheel rotation is transferred to beet in soil.Forward when top to when being stuck in the beet that digs in the middle of the fork, earth brushes changes brush with beet with dig the earth of sticking and brush totally, and the driving lever of beet disconnector is dialled beet get off subsequently, collects.The utility model not only replaces manual work with machinery, the beet in the ground is carried out peel beet green head, excavates and once finish, and the beet that digs out is cleaner, stable work in work, high efficiency.
According to the size of tuber crops in the results ground, the utility model can be changed the fork that digs of corresponding size, can also gather in the crops stem tuber crops such as radish, potato.
Description of drawings
The utility model will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing,
Fig. 1 is a main TV structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of beet disconnector.
Embodiment
A kind of beet digging-cutting machine, as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, powerdriven decelerator 6 is installed on the frame that position-limited wheel 2 is housed, the sprocket wheel that decelerator 6 one side output shafts are installed by power transmission shaft 11 1 sides of chain drive rotates by chain drive digging wheel 1, the structure of digging wheel 1 is uniform affixed a left side on the two sides circumference that digs the fork fixed disk of digging wheel wheel hub, right symmetry is outward-dipping, be radial stretch out dig fork, the uniform beet disconnector 14 that is installed with on the digging wheel wheel hub, the driving lever 21 of each beet disconnector 14 torsion spring control respectively with digging wheel 1 on every pair dig fork and match, the backstay of installing on the plectrum 24 of driving lever 21 afterbodys and the frame 27 matches, above digging wheel 1, be provided with and digging the earth that matches of fork with digging wheel and brush and change brush 12, the output shaft of decelerator 6 opposite sides brushes by chain drive earth changes brush 12 rotations, on the frame in digging wheel 1 the place ahead, the upright shafts that sprocket wheel is equipped with in the upper end is installed by bearing, installing a blue or green resectoscope 3 in the lower end of upright shafts, the beet green head of removing beet tops in the cutter 5 of a blue or green resectoscope 3 and the ground matches, and the output shaft on decelerator 6 tops is by 3 rotations of a chain drive green grass or young crops resectoscope.By the handle rotational lead screw, regulate the height of position-limited wheel 2.On 1 of digging wheel at least two digging wheels 1 are installed, the digging of its adjacent digging wheel 1 pitches radially that the angle of installation site staggers mutually.Can save power, reduce cost.On power transmission shaft 11, ratchet mechanism 20 is installed by frame.Guarantee that digging wheel 1 rotates towards a direction, prevent that reversing from damaging the beet disconnector.The driving lever 21 of beet disconnector 14 is L shaped bar, the stock of L shaped bar and symmetrical central lines of digging fork, its quarter butt be fixed in the sleeve 22 that excavates on the wheel hub movingly, quarter butt stretch out the end of sleeve 22 affixed plectrum 26, an end of torsion spring 24 is fixed on the sleeve 22, the other end is fixed on the quarter butt, affixed horizontal case 28 on frame, one side of backstay 27 is installed in the horizontal case 28 movingly, and by the jackscrew location, the opposite side of backstay 27 matches with plectrum 26.Backstay 27 stretches out the length of sleeve pipe 28 can be regulated, and utilizes jackscrew to position.Affixed horizon bar 23 on the stock of driving lever 21L shape bar, the arm of force 25 outer ends and the horizon bar 23 that are fixed on the L shaped bar quarter butt are affixed.Earth brushes the structure of changeing brush 12 and is affixed radial plastics bristle on the circumferential end surfaces of the wheel disc that changes brush.The structure of a blue or green resectoscope 3 is uniform affixed a upright rubber lath 4 on the back side of disk cutterhead, and affixed knife face is the cutter 5 of level, the cutting edge indention of cutter 5 in the lower end of rubber lath 4.The position of matching with the digging wheel wheel hub on 1 of digging wheel axially is being provided with guiding keyway 29, makes digging wheel 1 location by jackscrew.Can adjust digging wheel 1 in the installation site of excavating on the wheel shaft, by the jackscrew location, to adapt to the line-spacing of beet.The structure of upright shafts is that sliding axle 8 is slidingly installed in quill 7, the quill 7 that the upper end is packed in sprocket wheel is installed on the frame by bearing, the upper end is stretched out on the sliding axle 8 of quill 7 and by adjusting nut 10 compression spring 9 is installed, sliding axle 8 ends of stretching out quill 7 lower ends are installing a blue or green resectoscope 3, gathering sill 18 axially is being set on quill 7, and the jackscrew 19 that is positioned at gathering sill 18 is fixed on the sliding axle 8.Sliding axle 8 can slide up and down in quill 7, regulates the adjusting nut 10 on the sliding axle 8, controls the height of a blue or green resectoscope 3 apart from ground by compression spring 9.The beet gatherer of symmetry is being set on the frame at digging wheel 1 rear, the structure of beet gatherer is affixed respectively the sleeve pipe 15 of symmetry at the two ends at frame rear portion, both end sides is installed in sleeve pipe 15 movingly to be provided with, the rotating shaft 17 of hinged ear down, articulated screw rod 13 on hinged ear in the rotating shaft 17, the jointed shaft of hinged ear on the baffle plate 16 rear portion upstanding edges, its cross through hole and screw rod 13 are movingly, on the screw rod 13 between the jointed shaft of hinged ear in the rotating shaft 17 and baffle plate 16 hinged ears, the compression spring is installed, on the screw rod in the hinged ear jointed shaft outside on the baffle plate 16, adjusting nut is installed, the following hinged ear of baffle plate 16 rear portion upstanding edges is hinged by the following hinged ear of jointed shaft and rotating shaft 17, and cooperation is installed with dog screw and makes rotating shaft 17 location in the screw that is provided with on sleeve pipe 15.By the adjusting nut on the screw rod can controllable register 16 bases far from the upper and lower inclination angle on ground; By the dog screw on the sleeve pipe 15 can controllable register 16 left and right angles, to adapt to the needs of collecting beet.

Claims (10)

1. beet digging-cutting machine, it is characterized in that: powerdriven decelerator (6) is installed on the frame that position-limited wheel (2) are housed, the sprocket wheel that decelerator (6) one side output shafts are installed by power transmission shaft (11) one sides of chain drive rotates by chain drive digging wheel (1), the structure of digging wheel (1) is uniform affixed a left side on the two sides circumference that digs the fork fixed disk of digging wheel wheel hub, right symmetry is outward-dipping, be radial stretch out dig fork, the uniform beet disconnector (14) that is installed with on the digging wheel wheel hub, the driving lever (21) of each beet disconnector (14) torsion spring control digs fork and matches with last every pair of digging wheel (1) respectively, the backstay of installing on the plectrum (24) of driving lever (21) afterbody and the frame (27) matches, be provided with in the top of digging wheel (1) and digging earth that fork matches with digging wheel and brush and change brush (12), the output shaft of decelerator (6) opposite side brushes by chain drive earth changes brush (12) rotation, on the frame in digging wheel (1) the place ahead, the upright shafts that sprocket wheel is equipped with in the upper end is installed by bearing, installing a blue or green resectoscope (3) in the lower end of upright shafts, the beet green head of removing beet tops in the cutter (5) of a blue or green resectoscope (3) and the ground matches, and the output shaft on decelerator (6) top is by a chain drive green grass or young crops resectoscope (3) rotation.
2. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on digging wheel (1) axle at least two digging wheels (1) are installed, the digging of its adjacent digging wheel (1) pitches radially that the angle of installation site staggers mutually.
3. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: go up at power transmission shaft (11) and by frame ratchet mechanism (20) is installed.
4. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the driving lever (21) of beet disconnector (14) is L shaped bar, the stock of L shaped bar and symmetrical central lines of digging fork, its quarter butt be fixed in the sleeve (22) that excavates on the wheel hub movingly, quarter butt stretch out the end of sleeve (22) affixed plectrum (26), one end of torsion spring (24) is fixed on the sleeve (22), the other end is fixed on the quarter butt, affixed horizontal case (28) on frame, one side of backstay (27) is installed in the horizontal case (28) movingly, by the jackscrew location, the opposite side of backstay (27) matches with plectrum (26).
5. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: affixed horizon bar (23) on the stock of the L shaped bar of driving lever (21), the arm of force (25) outer end and the horizon bar (23) that are fixed on the L shaped bar quarter butt are affixed.
6. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: earth brushes the structure of changeing brush (12) and is affixed radial plastics bristle on the circumferential end surfaces of the wheel disc that changes brush.
7. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of a blue or green resectoscope (3) is uniform affixed a upright rubber lath (4) on the back side of disk cutterhead, affixed knife face is the cutter (5) of level, the cutting edge indention of cutter (5) in the lower end of rubber lath (4).
8. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the position of matching with the digging wheel wheel hub on digging wheel (1) axle axially is being provided with guiding keyway (29), makes digging wheel (1) location by jackscrew.
9. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the structure of upright shafts is that sliding axle (8) is slidingly installed in quill (7), the quill (7) that the upper end is packed in sprocket wheel is installed on the frame by bearing, the sliding axle (8) that quill (7) are stretched out in the upper end upward is installed with compression spring (9) by adjusting nut (10), sliding axle (8) end of stretching out quill (7) lower end is installing a blue or green resectoscope (3), gathering sill (18) axially is being set on quill (7), and the jackscrew (19) that is positioned at gathering sill (18) is fixed on the sliding axle (8).
10. a kind of beet digging-cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the beet gatherer that symmetry is being set on the frame at digging wheel (1) rear, the structure of beet gatherer is affixed respectively the sleeve pipe (15) of symmetry at the two ends at frame rear portion, in sleeve pipe (15) both end sides being installed movingly is provided with, the rotating shaft (17) of hinged ear down, go up articulated screw rod (13) on the hinged ear in rotating shaft (17), the jointed shaft of hinged ear on the upstanding edge of baffle plate (16) rear portion, its cross through hole and screw rod (13) are movingly, on the screw rod (13) between the jointed shaft of last hinged ear of rotating shaft (17) and the last hinged ear of baffle plate (16), the compression spring is installed, on the screw rod in the hinged ear jointed shaft of baffle plate (16) outside, adjusting nut is installed, the following hinged ear of baffle plate (16) rear portion upstanding edge is hinged by the following hinged ear of jointed shaft and rotating shaft (17), and cooperation is installed with dog screw and makes rotating shaft (17) location in the screw that sleeve pipe (15) upward is provided with.
CN2010205942016U 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Digging-cutting machine for beets Expired - Fee Related CN201860576U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205942016U CN201860576U (en) 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Digging-cutting machine for beets

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010205942016U CN201860576U (en) 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Digging-cutting machine for beets

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201860576U true CN201860576U (en) 2011-06-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010205942016U Expired - Fee Related CN201860576U (en) 2010-11-05 2010-11-05 Digging-cutting machine for beets

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201860576U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783531A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-11-21 云南省农业机械研究所 Tea pile turning machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783531A (en) * 2012-08-24 2012-11-21 云南省农业机械研究所 Tea pile turning machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20131121

Address after: 831800 8, South Lake East Road 77, Shuimogou District, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, 801

Patentee after: Xinjiang Hengtai Xingye Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 831806 the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture Qitai County half ditch town big Chuang-tzu two village

Patentee before: Chang Caigang

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: XINJIANG HENGTAI XINGYE ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: CHANG CAIGANG

Effective date: 20131121

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 831806 CHANGJI HUI AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE, XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION TO: 831800 URUMQI, XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140116

Address after: 830000, room 2, building No. 533, Hongshan Road, Shuimogou District, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, 1802

Patentee after: Xinjiang Tun FU INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED

Address before: 831800 8, South Lake East Road 77, Shuimogou District, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, 801

Patentee before: Xinjiang Hengtai Xingye Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 831800 URUMQI, XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION TO: 830000 URUMQI, XINJIANG UYGUR AUTONOMOUS REGION

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: XINJIANG TUNFU INVESTMENT CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: XINJIANG HENGTAI XINGYE ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20140116

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: XINJIANG WENYAN HI-TECH MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL

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Effective date: 20150715

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20150715

Address after: 830000, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi hi tech Industrial Development Zone (new urban area) Tianjin South Road, No. 3, building 301, room 69

Patentee after: XINJIANG WENYAN HI-TECH MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.

Address before: 830000, room 2, building No. 533, Hongshan Road, Shuimogou District, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, 1802

Patentee before: Xinjiang Tun FU INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110615

Termination date: 20161105