CN210676022U - Automatic sorting device for metal samples - Google Patents

Automatic sorting device for metal samples Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210676022U
CN210676022U CN201921651989.7U CN201921651989U CN210676022U CN 210676022 U CN210676022 U CN 210676022U CN 201921651989 U CN201921651989 U CN 201921651989U CN 210676022 U CN210676022 U CN 210676022U
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China
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claw
guide rail
metal
automatic sorting
metal sample
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CN201921651989.7U
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孙茂杰
孙敬忠
徐海宁
刘广旭
徐坤
黄晓宾
王广来
姜鑫
张华伟
李梓齐
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Jiangsu Jinheng Information Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Jinheng Information Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The application provides an automatic sorting device for metal samples, which comprises a feeding table, a three-axis movement mechanism, a grabbing mechanism, a detection mechanism and a batching table; the feeding platform and the batching platform are arranged side by side; the three-axis movement mechanism is arranged on the batching platform, the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism is connected with the grabbing mechanism, and the grabbing mechanism comprises a material taking claw and a box taking claw; the detection mechanism is arranged on the three-axis movement mechanism. The feeding table is used for providing a material box filled with a metal sample, the three-axis movement mechanism is driven by the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism to grab the mechanism, the metal sample in the material box is grabbed by the grabbing claw, the material box is placed in a sagger on the batching table in a classified mode after being detected by the detection device, the material box which is arranged on the feeding table in an empty mode is moved away by the grabbing claw, the sagger which is arranged on the batching table and is provided with the metal sample is grabbed to the rotary conveying line, and the sagger which is arranged on the rotary conveying line in the empty mode can be grabbed to the batching table. The application provides a metal sample automatic sorting device can realize the high-efficient letter sorting to metal sample when carrying out metal sample capability test.

Description

Automatic sorting device for metal samples
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of steel, especially, relate to a metal sample automatic sorting device.
Background
In the technical field of steel manufacturing, performance tests such as impact tests, corrosion tests, mechanical property tests and the like need to be performed on produced steel, so that metal samples need to be sorted, and the metal samples are classified according to certain rules to perform tests, namely a common controlled variable method, so that the metal samples with the same test conditions are grouped into one group.
The sorting mode commonly used among the prior art is manual sorting, and among the manual sorting process, the staff discernment metal specimen temperature information is comparatively difficult, and the metal specimen that can only require to provide arranges according to certain order and practises, sorts according to fixed order by constructor again, adopts this kind of sorting mode, sorts inefficiency, fault rate height.
Still adopt assembly line letter sorting mode among the prior art, assembly line letter sorting mode is transported metal sample through the assembly line, set up a plurality of detection device and a plurality of manipulator in assembly line one side, detection device detects behind the metal sample that corresponds, grab branch assembly line with this metal sample through the manipulator, with transport preset position, this kind of mode need set up great scope transportation assembly line, and the metal sample supply is unstable, letter sorting efficiency is low, can't adapt to big batch sample letter sorting work, especially under the more condition of temperature point of metal sample, the efficiency of assembly line letter sorting mode will sharply reduce.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The application provides a metal sample automatic sorting device to solve when carrying out metal sample capability test, to the lower problem of metal sample letter sorting efficiency.
The application provides an automatic sorting device for metal samples, which comprises a feeding table, a three-axis movement mechanism, a grabbing mechanism, a detection mechanism and a batching table;
the feeding table and the batching table are arranged side by side, and the three-axis movement mechanism is arranged on the batching table and extends above the feeding table and the rotary conveying line;
the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism is connected with the grabbing mechanism, the grabbing mechanism comprises a material taking claw and a box taking claw, and the material taking claw and the box taking claw are connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism; the material taking claw is used for grabbing a metal sample, and the box taking claw is used for grabbing a material box or a saggar;
the detection mechanism is arranged on the three-axis movement mechanism to detect the sample information of the metal sample.
Optionally, a rotary tray is arranged on the upper plane of the feeding table, and a rotary motor is arranged in the feeding table;
the rotary motor is connected with the rotary material tray to drive the rotary material tray to rotate, the upper plane of the rotary material tray is divided into a feeding area and a material box area, the feeding area is used for placing a material box filled with a metal sample, and the material box area is used for placing an empty material box.
Optionally, the three-axis movement mechanism includes a first axis assembly, a second axis assembly and a third axis assembly;
the first shaft assembly comprises a first guide rail, a strut and a first motor, and the first guide rail is arranged on the batching table; the strut is connected with the first guide rail through a sliding block, and the first motor is connected with the strut and drives the strut to move along the track direction of the first guide rail;
the second shaft assembly is connected with the strut and comprises a second guide rail and a second motor, the second guide rail is perpendicular to the first guide rail and is in a different plane with the first guide rail, and the second motor is connected with the second guide rail through a sliding block and can translate relative to the second guide rail;
the third axle subassembly includes third guide rail and lift electric jar, and connects the second motor, the third guide rail is the perpendicular to simultaneously first guide rail with the second guide rail, the third guide rail passes through the slider and connects snatch the mechanism, the expansion end of lift electric jar is connected snatch the mechanism, by lift electric jar passes through drive mechanism and drives it carries out elevating movement to snatch the mechanism.
Optionally, the material taking claw comprises a claw plate cylinder, a lower claw plate and an upper claw plate; the lower claw plate and the claw plate cylinder are fixedly connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism; the movable end of the claw plate cylinder is connected with the upper claw plate so as to drive the upper claw plate to be close to or far away from the lower claw plate.
Optionally, the material taking claw is further provided with a clamping column and a clamping column; the clamping column is connected with the upper claw plate; the clamping column is connected with the upper claw plate to clamp the metal sample.
Optionally, the upper plane of the lower jaw plate is provided with a limiting table, and the distance from the side edge of the limiting table to the side edge of the lower jaw plate is three times the width of the metal sample.
Optionally, the box taking claw comprises a claw hook cylinder and two claw hooks, and the claw hook cylinder is connected with the two claw hooks to control the opening and closing of the two claw hooks;
and the two claw hooks are provided with bolts to be inserted into the bolt holes of the material box or the saggar.
Optionally, a material claw sensor is further disposed on the material taking claw to detect a position of the material taking claw.
Optionally, the detection mechanism is located between the feeding table and the batching table, and includes a detection light source and a detection camera;
the detection light source and the detection camera are positioned on the same straight line, the detection light source irradiates light for the metal sample, and the detection camera is used for detecting sample information on the metal sample.
Optionally, the upper plane of the batching platform is divided into a plurality of placing areas, saggers are placed on the plurality of placing areas, and each placing area is used for placing a metal sample with the same sample information.
The application provides an automatic sorting device for metal samples, which comprises a feeding table, a three-axis movement mechanism, a grabbing mechanism, a detection mechanism and a batching table; the feeding table and the batching table are arranged side by side, and the three-axis movement mechanism is arranged on the batching table and extends above the feeding table and the rotary conveying line; the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism is connected with the grabbing mechanism, the grabbing mechanism comprises a material taking claw and a box taking claw, and the material taking claw and the box taking claw are connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism; the material taking claw is used for grabbing a metal sample, and the box taking claw is used for grabbing a material box or a saggar; the detection mechanism is arranged on the three-axis movement mechanism to detect the sample information of the metal sample.
Through the material loading platform provides the magazine that is equipped with the metal sample, is in by setting up batch bench the free end of triaxial moving mechanism drives snatch the mechanism material loading platform batch platform and rotary conveyor's top operation, through the claw of fetching material of snatching the mechanism will metal sample in the material loading platform material loading box snatchs the back, process detection device detects the back, and categorised the placing in the casket-like bowl on the batch bench, by the claw of fetching box of snatching the mechanism will empty magazine on the material loading platform moves away, and will the casket-like bowl that is equipped with the metal sample on the batch platform is grabbed and is got on the rotary conveyor line, also can grab empty casket-like bowl on the rotary conveyor line and get on the batch bench. The application provides a metal sample automatic sorting device can realize the high-efficient letter sorting to metal sample when carrying out metal sample capability test.
Drawings
In order to more clearly explain the technical solution of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious to those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a rotary tray of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a top view of a rotary tray of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a three-axis movement mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a third shaft assembly of the automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a gripping mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a material-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a material-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a sample gripping claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples, which finishes sample gripping;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a sample grabbed by a material-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a gripper for automatically sorting metallic samples;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a magazine grabbed by a magazine grabbing claw of the automatic sorting device for metal samples;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of a detecting mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples;
illustration of the drawings:
wherein, 1-a feeding table, 11-a rotating tray, 111-a feeding area, 112-a material box area, 12-a rotating motor, 2-a three-axis movement mechanism, 21-a first axis component, 211-a first guide rail, 212-a support column, 213-a first motor, 22-a second axis component, 221-a second guide rail, 222-a second motor, 23-a third axis component, 231-a third guide rail, 232-a lifting electric cylinder, 3-a grabbing mechanism, 31-a material-fetching claw, 311-a claw plate cylinder, 312-a lower claw plate, 313-an upper claw plate, 314-a pressing column, 315-a clamping column, 316-a limiting table, 317-a material claw sensor, 32-a box-fetching claw, 321-a claw hook cylinder, 322-a claw hook, 323-a bolt, 4-a detection mechanism, 41-detection light source, 42-detection camera, 5-batching table, 51-placing area, 6-rotary conveying line, 7-metal sample, 8-material box and 9-sagger.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, a schematic diagram of an overall structure of an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 2, a schematic diagram of a top view structure of an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 3, a schematic diagram of a rotary tray structure of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 4, a schematic view of a top view structure of a rotating tray of an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
In order to solve the problem of lower efficiency of sorting metal samples when carrying out the test of metal sample performance, the automatic sorting device of metal samples that this application embodiment provided includes material loading platform 1, triaxial moving mechanism 2, snatchs mechanism 3, detection mechanism 4 and group batch platform 5. The feeding table 1 is arranged side by side with the batching table 5, so that the three-axis movement mechanism 2 arranged on the batching table 5 extends above the feeding table 1 and above the rotary conveyor line 6. It should be noted that, here, the extension of the three-axis moving mechanism 2 above the feeding table 1 and the rotary conveyor line 6 means that a part of the extension of the three-axis moving mechanism 2 extends to the feeding table 1, so that the free end of the three-axis moving mechanism 2 can move to the position where the three-axis moving mechanism 2 extends above the feeding table 1. The free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is connected with the grabbing mechanism 3, so that the operation can be carried out above the feeding table 1 and the rotary conveying line 6.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is disposed on the batching platform 5, but is not limited to be disposed on the batching platform 5, and may also be disposed on the feeding platform 1; or a separate support frame is provided for mounting the three-axis movement mechanism 2. The arrangement on the batching platform 5 has the advantages that on one hand, compared with the structure of arranging the supporting frame independently, the structure is simpler, and the size of the whole automatic sorting device is favorably reduced; on the other hand, the batching platform 5 is arranged between the feeding platform 1 and the rotary conveying line 6, and the batching platform 5 is favorable for reducing the structural complexity of the automatic sorting device, so that the movement process of the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is simpler.
Further, a material box 8 filled with a metal sample 7 is placed on the feeding table 1, an empty sagger 9 is placed on the batching table 5, the sagger 9 is used for placing the metal samples 7 in a classified mode, sample information consisting of numbers and letters is printed on the metal samples 7, and the sample information comprises basic information of the metal samples 7 used for tests, such as heat treatment temperature and time, materials of technical samples and the like.
Further, the rotary conveyor line 6 is a double-layered or endless conveyor belt for transporting the sagger 9 containing the metal specimen 7 or the empty sagger 9. The empty magazine 8 or empty magazine 9 referred to herein means an empty magazine or empty magazine in which the metal sample 7 is not placed.
Further, in order to respectively realize the grabbing of the metal sample 7, the magazine 8 or the sagger 9, so as to grab the metal sample 7 on the feeding table 1 into the sagger 9 on the batching table 5 according to the category, the automatic sorting device for the metal sample provided by the application has the advantages that the grabbing mechanism 3 is arranged at the free end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2, the grabbing mechanism 3 comprises a fetching claw 31 and a fetching claw 32, and the fetching claw 31 and the fetching claw 32 are both connected with the free end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2; the material taking claw 31 is used for grabbing the metal sample 7, and the box taking claw 32 is used for grabbing the material box 8 or the saggar 9.
Further, in order to classify the metal sample 7, the present application provides an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples, wherein the detection mechanism 4 is disposed on the three-axis movement mechanism 2 to detect sample information of the metal sample 7. After grabbing the metal sample 7 from the magazine, the material-taking claw 31 moves to the position of the detection mechanism 4, and the detection device 4 detects the sample information of the metal sample 7, so that the metal samples 7 of the same type are placed in the same sagger 9 on the batching platform 5 in a classified manner.
It should be noted that the metal sample 7 described in the present application is long and is often used in the charpy impact test, and the automatic sorting apparatus in the embodiment is mainly used in the charpy impact test of the metal sample 7, but is not limited to be used in the charpy impact test of the metal sample 7, and the automatic sorting apparatus described in the present application can be similarly applied in the performance test scenario of performing similar sorting on the metal sample 7 in other applications.
The automatic sorting device for the metal samples comprises a feeding table 1, a three-axis movement mechanism 2, a grabbing mechanism 3, a detection mechanism 4 and a batching table 5; the feeding table 1 and the batching table 5 are arranged side by side, and the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is arranged on the batching table 5 and extends above the feeding table 1 and the rotary conveying line 6; the grabbing mechanism 3 is arranged at the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2, the grabbing mechanism 3 comprises a material taking claw 31 and a box taking claw 32, and the material taking claw 31 and the box taking claw 32 are connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2; the material taking claw 31 is used for grabbing a metal sample 7, and the box taking claw 32 is used for grabbing a material box 8 or a sagger 9; the detection mechanism 4 is provided on the three-axis movement mechanism 2 to detect sample information of the metal sample 7.
Through the material loading platform 1 provides the magazine 8 that is equipped with metal sample 7, by setting up on the platform 5 of batching 2 free end drives snatch mechanism 3 material loading platform 1 the operation is snatched in the top of batching platform 5 and slewing conveying line 6, through the claw 31 of fetching of snatching mechanism 3, with after the metal sample 7 in the magazine 8 on material loading platform 1 snatchs, through detection device 4 detects the back, the categorised placement is to in the casket-like bowl 8 on the platform 5 of batching, by the claw 32 of fetching of grabbing mechanism 3 will empty magazine 8 on material loading platform 1 moves away, and will the casket-like bowl 9 that is equipped with metal sample 7 on the platform 5 of batching grabs on slewing conveying line 6, also can grab empty casket-like bowl 9 on slewing conveying line 6 and get on the platform 5 of batching. The application provides a metal sample automatic sorting device can realize the high-efficient letter sorting to metal sample when carrying out metal sample capability test.
Referring to fig. 3, a schematic diagram of a rotary tray structure of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 4, a schematic view of a top view structure of a rotating tray of an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
In order to realize the uninterrupted sorting work of the automatic metal sample sorting device, as shown in fig. 3 and 4, in some embodiments of the present application, a rotary tray 11 is disposed on an upper plane of the feeding table 1, and a rotary motor 12 is disposed inside the feeding table 1; the rotary motor 12 is connected with the rotary tray 11 to drive the rotary tray 11 to rotate, the upper plane of the rotary tray 11 is divided into a feeding area 111 and a material box area 112, the feeding area 111 is used for placing a material box 8 filled with a metal sample 7, and the material box area 112 is used for placing an empty material box 8.
The rotating electrical machines 12 are arranged in the feeding table 1, the output end of the rotating electrical machines is connected with the lower plane of the rotating material tray 11 to drive the rotating material tray 11 to rotate, and in order to ensure that the rotating material tray 11 rotates smoothly, an annular slide rail is arranged between the bottom of the rotating material tray 11 and the shell of the feeding table 1, so that the rotating material tray 11 is ensured to rotate smoothly, and meanwhile, certain supporting force is provided for the rotating material tray 11.
The upper plane of rotatory charging tray 11 is divided into material loading district 111 and magazine district 112 when putting metal sample 7 on the charging tray 1, place the range upon range of formula of magazine 8 that is equipped with metal sample 7 on the material loading district 112, work as after the metal sample 7 of the magazine 8 superiors that the claw 11 will range upon range of the placing snatchs, by it snatchs the empty magazine 8 of superiors to get by getting box claw 32 on the magazine district 112 rotatory charging tray 11 is last, material loading district 111 and magazine district 112 exist in groups, including the multiunit material loading district 111 and magazine district 112, as a set of metal sample 7 in material loading district 111 and magazine district 112 snatchs after finishing, through rotating electrical machines 12 drives rotatory charging tray 12 rotates, by it is next a set of to snatch mechanism 3 material loading district 111 and magazine district 112 carry out the operation.
Referring to fig. 5, a schematic structural view of a three-axis movement mechanism of an automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 6, a schematic structural view of a third shaft assembly of the automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples is shown.
Further, in order to ensure that the gripping mechanism 3 has three degrees of freedom, as shown in fig. 5 and 6, in some embodiments of the present application, the three-axis movement mechanism 2 includes a first axis assembly 21, a second axis assembly 22, and a third axis assembly 23; the first shaft assembly 21 is arranged on the workbench 1, and the second shaft assembly 22 is connected with the first shaft assembly 21, is perpendicular to the first shaft assembly 21, and can move longitudinally in a horizontal plane relative to the workbench 1; the third shaft assembly 23 is connected with the second shaft assembly 22, is perpendicular to the first shaft assembly 21 and the second shaft assembly 22, and can move transversely in a horizontal plane relative to the workbench 1; providing a first degree of freedom for the gripping means 3 by means of a first shaft assembly 21; providing a second degree of freedom for the gripping mechanism 3 via a second shaft assembly 22; a third degree of freedom is provided for the gripping mechanism 3 by means of a third shaft assembly 23.
The first degree of freedom here refers to a longitudinal degree of freedom in a horizontal plane, that is, a Y-axis degree of freedom in a generally default spatial coordinate system; the second degree of freedom refers to the horizontal degree of freedom in the horizontal plane, namely the X-axis degree of freedom in a general default space coordinate system; the third degree of freedom refers to a degree of freedom in a vertical direction in space, namely, a Z-axis degree of freedom in a generally default spatial coordinate system.
Further, in order to provide the first degree of freedom to the gripping mechanism 3, as shown in fig. 3, in some embodiments of the present application, the first shaft assembly 21 includes a first guide rail 211, a pillar 212, and a first motor 213, and the first guide rail 211 is disposed on the work table 1; the pillar 212 is connected to the first guide rail 211 through a slider, and the first motor 213 is connected to the pillar 212 to drive the pillar 212 to move along the track direction of the first guide rail 211.
The number of the supporting columns 212 is equal to or greater than two, and is used for supporting the second shaft assembly 22 and is driven by the first motor 213 to realize the movement of the supporting columns 212 along the track direction of the first guide rail 211, that is, to provide a first degree of freedom for the grabbing mechanism 3.
In order to enable the pillar 212 to run smoothly on the first guide rail 211, the first shaft assembly 21 further includes a rack gear, which is disposed at the batching platform 5 and has a guiding direction parallel to the guiding direction of the first guide rail 211; the first shaft assembly 21 engages the rack via a gear. The transmission is carried out by adopting a gear and rack meshing mode, so that the fixed transmission ratio can be ensured, the slipping condition of belt transmission can not occur, and larger transmission force can be met, so that the transmission process is more stable.
Further, in order to provide a second degree of freedom for the gripping mechanism 3, in some embodiments of the present application, the second shaft assembly 22 is connected to the pillar 212, the second shaft assembly 22 includes a second guide rail 221 and a second motor 222, the second guide rail 221 is perpendicular to the first guide rail 211 and is in a different plane from the first guide rail 211, and the second motor 222 is connected to the second guide rail 221 through a slider and can translate relative to the second guide rail 221.
The second shaft assembly 22 further comprises a necessary connecting member, such as a steel bar with an elongated plate-like structure or a plate-like structure with other materials, to connect the pillar 212, and a second guiding rail 221 is disposed thereon, and the second motor 222 is connected to the second guiding rail 221 through a sliding block, so as to control the sliding block to move on the second guiding rail 221, i.e. to provide a second degree of freedom for the grabbing mechanism 3.
In order to realize that the second motor 222 drives the slider to drive the motor to move on the second guide rail 221, the second shaft assembly 22 also needs to include a rack, and the guiding direction of the rack is parallel to the guiding direction of the second guide rail 221; the second motor 222 engages the rack through a gear. The transmission is carried out by adopting a gear and rack meshing mode, so that the fixed transmission ratio can be ensured, the slipping condition of belt transmission can not occur, and larger transmission force can be met, so that the transmission process is more stable.
Further, in order to provide a third degree of freedom for the grabbing mechanism 3, in some embodiments of the present application, the third shaft assembly 23 includes a third guide rail 231 and an electric lifting cylinder 232, and is connected to the second motor 222, the third guide rail 231 is perpendicular to the first guide rail 211 and the second guide rail 221 at the same time, the third guide rail 231 is connected to the grabbing mechanism 3 through a slider, a movable end of the electric lifting cylinder 232 is connected to the grabbing mechanism 3, and the electric lifting cylinder 232 drives the grabbing mechanism 3 to perform lifting motion through a transmission mechanism.
The third shaft assembly 23 further includes a connection plate necessary for connecting the second motor 222, and may also be connected to the slider of the second guide rail 221, and the third guide rail 231 and the lifting electric cylinder 232 are connected through the connection plate. It should be noted that, here, the movable end of the electric lift cylinder 232 is the free end of the entire three-axis moving mechanism 2. The electric cylinder is adopted for driving, so that the grabbing mechanism 3 can be ensured to stably lift and can be stopped at any height position on the third guide rail 231 at any time.
In order to control the material taking claw 31 or the box taking claw 32 to perform lifting movement independently and avoid unnecessary work caused by simultaneous control, the third guide rail 231 comprises a material claw slide rail and a box claw slide rail, and the lifting electric cylinder 232 comprises a material claw electric cylinder and a box claw electric cylinder; the material taking claw 31 is connected with a material claw slide rail through a slide block, the free end of a claw plate cylinder is connected with the material taking claw 31, and the claw plate cylinder drives the material taking claw 31 to move up and down; the box taking claw 32 is connected with the box claw slide rail through a slide block, the free end of the claw hook cylinder is connected with the box taking claw 32, and the claw hook cylinder drives the box taking claw 32 to perform lifting motion.
The material taking claw 31 is independently lifted through a material claw slide rail and a material claw electric cylinder, and a third degree of freedom is provided; the box taking claw 32 is independently lifted through the box claw slide rail and the box claw slide rail, and a third degree of freedom is provided, so that the material taking claw 31 or the box taking claw 32 is independently controlled, and an unnecessary work doing process is avoided.
Referring to fig. 7, a schematic structural diagram of a grabbing mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 8, a schematic view of an overall structure of a material-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 9, a partial structure schematic diagram of a material-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
In order to realize automatic gripping of the metal specimen 7 and ensure stable gripping process, as shown in fig. 7, 8 and 9, in some embodiments of the present application, the material taking claw 31 includes a claw plate cylinder 311, a lower claw plate 312 and an upper claw plate 313; the lower claw plate 312 and the claw plate cylinder 311 are fixedly connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2; the movable end of the claw plate cylinder 311 is connected with the upper claw plate 313 to drive the upper claw plate 313 to approach or separate from the lower claw plate 312.
The material taking claw 31 further comprises a necessary claw body, the claw plate cylinder 311 and the lower claw plate 312 are both arranged on the claw body, and the claw body is connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2; the lower jaw plate 312 is fixedly connected to the rotary handle body, and can be connected through bolts or directly connected in a welding manner, when the metal sample 7 is grabbed, the lower jaw plate 312 is inserted into the bottom of the metal sample 7 in the material box 8 to support the metal sample 7, that is, when the metal sample 7 is grabbed, the metal sample 7 is placed on the lower jaw plate 312; the claw plate cylinder 311 is installed on the claw body, the movable end of the claw plate cylinder 311 is connected with the upper claw plate 313, and the claw plate cylinder 311 can control the amount of gas filled in the cylinder through an air pump and an electromagnetic valve, so that the position of a piston in the cylinder is changed, the upper claw plate 313 is driven to move up and down, namely, to be close to or far away from the lower claw plate 312, and the metal sample 7 is grabbed through the lower claw plate 312 and the upper claw plate 313.
The gripper body is a plate-like structure, and the free end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is connected to the gripper body, and necessary members for gripping the metal sample 7 are attached to the gripper body.
Referring to fig. 10, a schematic diagram of a sample grabbing process performed by a material grabbing claw of an automatic metal sample sorting device is shown.
Referring to fig. 11, a schematic diagram of a sample grabbing claw of an automatic metal sample sorting device is shown.
In order to ensure that the material taking claw 31 stably grips the metal sample 7 from the magazine 8 or prevents the metal sample 7 from being influenced when the metal sample 7 is placed in the sagger 9, as shown in fig. 7, 8 and 9, in some embodiments of the present application, the material taking claw 31 is further provided with a pressing column 314 and a clamping column 315; the pressing column 314 is connected with the upper claw plate 313; the gripping column 315 is connected to the upper jaw plate 313 to grip the metal sample 7. The number of rows of the clamping columns 315 is at least three, the lower end planes of each row of the clamping columns 315 belong to the same horizontal plane so as to synchronously clamp the metal sample 7, the clamping columns 315 adopt spring plungers with certain elasticity, and the metal sample 7 can be prevented from being damaged by the material taking claws 31. The pressing column 315 is connected with the upper jaw plate 313, and when the metal sample 7 is clamped in the material box 8, the previous row of unclamped metal samples 7 is pressed, so that the clamped metal sample 7 is affected, if the edge metal sample 7 is clamped and no metal sample 7 is clamped in front, the pressing column 314 does not affect the clamping operation; in the process of placing the metal sample 7 in the sagger 9, if the metal sample 7 is already placed in front of the placing position, the pressing column 314 presses the metal sample 7 in front, so that the position of the metal sample 7 which is placed before is prevented from being damaged when the metal sample 7 is placed. The pressing column 314 is further provided with a spring, so that the pressing column 314 can be compressed to a certain degree, when grabbing, the grabbing action is completed through the compression of the pressing column 314, and after the material taking claw 31 leaves the material box 5, the length of the pressing column 7 is recovered through the spring structure.
In order to ensure that the metal sample 7 is stably transferred by the material-taking claw 31 after being grabbed, i.e. the process of transferring the metal sample 7 from the magazine 8 to the sagger 9. As shown in fig. 9 and 10, in some embodiments of the present application, a limiting table 316 is disposed on an upper plane of the lower jaw plate 312, and a distance from a side edge of the limiting table 316 to a side edge of the lower jaw plate 312 is three times a width of the metal specimen 7. The limiting table 316 is used for enabling the lower claw plate 312 to penetrate into the material box 8 when the material taking claw 31 grabs the metal sample 7 until the limiting table 316 contacts the side face of the metal sample 7, which indicates that the lower claw plate 312 reaches a preset depth; in the process of transferring the metal sample 7, the two sides of the metal sample 7 are respectively blocked by the limiting table 316 and the pressing column 314, so that the metal sample 7 cannot accidentally slide down. The distance from the side edge of the limiting table 316 to the side edge of the lower jaw plate 312 is three times the width of the metal sample 7, because the material taking claw 31 of the automatic sorting device provided by the embodiment of the application grabs 3 metal samples at each time, the sample information of three metal samples grabbed at each time is the same, but the automatic sorting device is not limited to rotating 3 metal samples at each time, and the size of the material taking claw 31 can be changed according to actual production requirements so as to realize grabbing other numbers of metal samples 7 at one time.
Referring to fig. 12, a general schematic view of a box-taking claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
Referring to fig. 13, a schematic diagram of a magazine grabbing claw of an automatic sorting device for metal samples is shown.
In order to transfer the empty magazine at the uppermost layer of the stacked magazine 8 on the feeding table 1 and to transfer the sagger 9 on the batching table 5, as shown in fig. 12 and 13, in some embodiments of the present application, the magazine taking claw 32 includes a claw hook cylinder 321 and two claw hooks 322, and the claw hook cylinder 321 connects the two claw hooks 322 to control the opening and closing of the two claw hooks 322; two claws 322 are provided with a latch 323 to be inserted into a pin hole of the magazine 8 or the saggar 9.
Further, the claw hook cylinder 321 is a thin cylinder, and the thin cylinder is a cylindrical metal member that guides the piston to perform a linear reciprocating motion. The working medium converts heat energy into mechanical energy through expansion in an engine cylinder; the gas is compressed by a piston in a compressor cylinder to increase pressure. The thin cylinder occupies less space, has light structure and beautiful appearance, can bear larger transverse load, and can be directly arranged on various clamps and special equipment without mounting accessories. The two claw hooks 322 are driven by the free end of the thin cylinder, the two claw hooks 322 are opened and closed by controlling the movement of the two claw hooks 322, and when the two claw hooks 322 are closed, the bolt 323 arranged on the claw hooks 322 is inserted into the pin hole of the magazine 8 or the sagger 9 so as to grab the magazine 8 or the sagger 9.
Further, in order to ensure stable grabbing of the magazine 8 or the saggar 9, the number of the pins 323 arranged on the claw hook 322 is greater than or equal to 2, so as to ensure that the claw hook 322 can smoothly transfer the magazine 8 or the saggar 9 after grabbing the magazine 8 or the saggar 9.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of a detection mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples.
In order to feed back the position of the gripping mechanism 2, as shown in fig. 14, in some embodiments of the present application, a material claw sensor 317 is further disposed on the material taking claw 31 to detect the position of the material taking claw 31. The claw sensor 317 is a photoelectric sensor or an infrared sensor, and determines the action to be performed by the grabbing mechanism 2 by detecting the position of the material box 8.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of a detection mechanism of an automatic sorting device for metal samples.
In order to ensure that the detection mechanism 4 can more accurately detect the sample information on the metal sample 7, as shown in fig. 1 and 14, in some embodiments of the present application, the detection mechanism 4 is located between the feeding table 1 and the batching table 5, and includes a detection light source 41 and a detection camera 42; the detection light source 41 and the detection camera 42 are in the same straight line, the detection light source 41 irradiates light to the metal sample 7, and the detection camera 42 detects sample information on the metal sample 7.
It should be noted that, the fact that the detection light source 41 and the detection camera 42 are on the same straight line means that the detection light source 41 and the detection camera 42 are approximately on the same straight line, and for example, the light source irradiation range of the detection light source 41 covers the detection point of the detection camera 42. Due to the three-dimensional structure and the volume of the detection light source 41 and the detection camera 42, it is impossible to ensure that the two devices are in a straight line
In order to sort and place the metal samples 7 having different sample information, as shown in fig. 2, in some embodiments of the present application, the upper plane of the batching table 5 is divided into a plurality of placing areas 51, saggers 9 are placed on the plurality of placing areas 51, and each of the placing areas 51 places the metal sample 7 having the same sample information. The specific type of metal sample 7 to be placed in each placing area 51 is not determined, and the placing area is set according to the specific situation of the product to be sorted at the current time before the sorting work is started, so that each type of metal sample 7 is ensured to have at least one placing area 51 so as to place the sagger 9 for containing the metal sample 7.
The automatic sorting device for the metal samples comprises a feeding table 1, a three-axis movement mechanism 2, a grabbing mechanism 3, a detection mechanism 4 and a batching table 5; the feeding table 1 and the batching table 5 are arranged side by side, and the three-axis movement mechanism 2 is arranged on the batching table 5 and extends above the feeding table 1 and the rotary conveying line 6; the grabbing mechanism 3 is arranged at the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2, the grabbing mechanism 3 comprises a material taking claw 31 and a box taking claw 32, and the material taking claw 31 and the box taking claw 32 are connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism 2; the material taking claw 31 is used for grabbing a metal sample 7, and the box taking claw 32 is used for grabbing a material box 8 or a sagger 9; the detection mechanism 4 is provided on the three-axis movement mechanism 2 to detect sample information of the metal sample 7.
Through the material loading platform 1 provides the magazine 8 that is equipped with metal sample 7, by setting up on the batching platform 5 the free end of triaxial moving mechanism 2 drives snatch mechanism 3 material loading platform 1 the top operation of batching platform 5 and slewing conveying line 6, through the claw 31 of snatching mechanism 3, with metal sample 7 in the magazine 8 on material loading platform 1 snatchs the back, through detection device 4 detects the back, and the categorised placing is in the casket bowl 8 on batching platform 5, by the claw 32 of snatching mechanism 3, with the empty magazine 8 of material loading platform 1 removes, and will the casket 9 that is equipped with metal sample 7 on batching platform 5 is grabbed on slewing conveying line 6, also can grab the empty casket 9 of slewing conveying line 6 on batching platform 5. The application provides a metal sample automatic sorting device can realize the high-efficient letter sorting to metal sample when carrying out metal sample capability test.
The embodiments provided in the present application are only a few examples of the general concept of the present application, and do not limit the scope of the present application. Any other embodiments extended according to the scheme of the present application without inventive efforts will be within the scope of protection of the present application for a person skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic sorting device for metal samples is characterized by comprising a feeding table (1), a three-axis movement mechanism (2), a grabbing mechanism (3), a detection mechanism (4) and a batching table (5);
the feeding table (1) and the batching table (5) are arranged side by side, and the three-axis movement mechanism (2) is arranged on the batching table (5) and extends above the feeding table (1) and the rotary conveying line (6);
the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism (2) is connected with the grabbing mechanism (3), the grabbing mechanism (3) comprises a material taking claw (31) and a box taking claw (32), and the material taking claw (31) and the box taking claw (32) are connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism (2); the material taking claw (31) is used for grabbing a metal sample (7), and the box taking claw (32) is used for grabbing a material box (8) or a saggar (9);
the detection mechanism (4) is arranged on the three-axis movement mechanism (2) to detect the sample information of the metal sample (7).
2. The automatic sorting device for the metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that a rotary tray (11) is arranged on the upper plane of the feeding table (1), and a rotary motor (12) is arranged inside the feeding table (1);
the rotary motor (12) is connected rotatory charging tray (11), in order to drive rotatory charging tray (11) are rotatory, the last plane of rotatory charging tray (11) is divided into feeding region (111) and magazine district (112), feeding region (111) are used for placing magazine (8) that are equipped with metal specimen (7), magazine district (112) are used for placing empty magazine (8).
3. The automatic sorting device of metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that the three-axis movement mechanism (2) comprises a first axis assembly (21), a second axis assembly (22) and a third axis assembly (23);
the first shaft assembly (21) comprises a first guide rail (211), a strut (212) and a first motor (213), the first guide rail (211) being arranged on the batching table (5); the strut (212) is connected with the first guide rail (211) through a sliding block, the first motor (213) is connected with the strut (212) and drives the strut (212) to move along the track direction of the first guide rail (211);
the second shaft assembly (22) is connected with the strut (212), the second shaft assembly (22) comprises a second guide rail (221) and a second motor (222), the second guide rail (221) is perpendicular to the first guide rail (211) and is in a different plane with the first guide rail (211), and the second motor (222) is connected with the second guide rail (221) through a sliding block and can translate relative to the second guide rail (221);
third axle subassembly (23) include third guide rail (231) and lift electric cylinder (232), and connect second motor (222), third guide rail (231) perpendicular to simultaneously first guide rail (211) with second guide rail (221), third guide rail (231) are connected through the slider snatch mechanism (3), the expansion end of lift electric cylinder (232) is connected snatch mechanism (3), by lift electric cylinder (232) pass through drive mechanism and drive it carries out elevating movement to snatch mechanism (3).
4. The automatic sorting device for the metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that the material taking claw (31) comprises a claw plate cylinder (311), a lower claw plate (312) and an upper claw plate (313);
the lower claw plate (312) and the claw plate cylinder (311) are fixedly connected with the free tail end of the three-axis movement mechanism (2); the movable end of the claw plate cylinder (311) is connected with the upper claw plate (313) to drive the upper claw plate (313) to approach or separate from the lower claw plate (312).
5. The automatic sorting device for the metal samples according to claim 4, characterized in that the material taking claw (31) is further provided with a pressing column (314) and a clamping column (315);
the pressing column (314) is connected with the upper claw plate (313); the clamping column (315) is connected with the upper claw plate (313) to clamp the metal sample (7).
6. The automatic sorting device for metal samples according to claim 4, characterized in that the upper plane of the lower jaw plate (312) is provided with a limit table (316), and the distance from the side edge of the limit table (316) to the side edge of the lower jaw plate (312) is three times the width of the metal sample (7).
7. The automatic sorting device for the metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that the box taking claw (32) comprises a claw hook cylinder (321) and two claw hooks (322), wherein the claw hook cylinder (321) is connected with the two claw hooks (322) to control the opening and closing of the two claw hooks (322);
the two claw hooks (322) are provided with a bolt (323) to be inserted into pin holes of the material box (8) or the saggar (9).
8. The automatic sorting device for the metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that a material claw sensor (317) is further arranged on the material taking claw (31) to detect the position of the material taking claw (31).
9. The automatic sorting device of metal samples according to claim 1, characterized in that the detection mechanism (4) is located between the loading station (1) and the batching station (5) and comprises a detection light source (41) and a detection camera (42);
the detection light source (41) and the detection camera (42) are positioned on the same straight line, the detection light source (41) irradiates light for the metal sample (7), and the detection camera (42) is used for detecting sample information on the metal sample (7).
10. The automatic sorting apparatus for metal samples according to claim 1, wherein the upper plane of the batching table (5) is divided into a plurality of placing areas (51), saggers (9) are placed on the plurality of placing areas (51), and each placing area (51) places metal samples (7) having the same sample information.
CN201921651989.7U 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 Automatic sorting device for metal samples Active CN210676022U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560388A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-13 江苏金恒信息科技股份有限公司 Automatic sorting device for metal samples

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560388A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-13 江苏金恒信息科技股份有限公司 Automatic sorting device for metal samples

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