CN210523370U - Kitchen waste treatment system - Google Patents

Kitchen waste treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210523370U
CN210523370U CN201921172923.XU CN201921172923U CN210523370U CN 210523370 U CN210523370 U CN 210523370U CN 201921172923 U CN201921172923 U CN 201921172923U CN 210523370 U CN210523370 U CN 210523370U
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China
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oil
heating
liquid
solid
kitchen
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CN201921172923.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢伟雪
刘孝敏
万家秀
刘玉英
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Lanzhou Resources and Environment Voc Tech College
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Lanzhou Resources and Environment Voc Tech College
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kitchen garbage processing system belongs to the kitchen garbage field of handling, has solved the not thorough problem of northwest district kitchen garbage water oil separating. The utility model discloses a solid-liquid separation equipment and oil-water separator link to each other through the liquid conveying pipe between solid-liquid separation equipment and the oil-water separator, still include the heating cabinet, are equipped with the heating bath in the heating cabinet, are equipped with the heater strip in the heating bath, and the heating cabinet lateral part is equipped with the air outlet, and the air outlet is linked together with oil-water separator, and the heating cabinet top is equipped with radiator fan, and the heating cabinet bottom is equipped with axial fan, and the solid-liquid separation equipment lower extreme is equipped with the material conveyer, and material conveyer lower extreme. The utility model discloses oil-water separation is effectual, and heating methods safe and reliable avoids the material burnt to stick with paste.

Description

Kitchen waste treatment system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to kitchen garbage handles the field, concretely relates to kitchen garbage processing system.
Background
Kitchen waste has the characteristics of high organic matter content, high moisture content, high oil, high salinity, and the direct broken pressure that discharges into the sewer can increase the pipeline blocks up or even corrodes the sewer, also can make sewage treatment plant's pressure increase. The kitchen waste is a main component of an organic phase in the municipal solid waste, and therefore, the kitchen waste is an extremely precious organic resource. The kitchen waste is easy to decay, ferment, smell and the like, and can cause environmental pollution due to improper disposal, thereby bringing harm to the life of people. The kitchen waste contains high organic matters and high grease, and belongs to higher resource type waste. The effective treatment of the kitchen waste can avoid returning the illegal cooking oil to the dining table, ensure the food sanitation and safety and the health of people, simultaneously utilize the grease and other organic matters of the kitchen waste, reduce the pollution of the kitchen waste to the environment, change the kitchen waste into valuables and realize the aims of recycling, harmlessness and reduction of the kitchen waste.
As for the kitchen waste in northwest China, due to the characteristics of high starch content, high flour content, high chili powder content and the like, if the kitchen waste is not effectively separated and treated, environmental pollution is easily caused, and a large amount of malodorous substances are generated. For the kitchen waste, due to the embedding of starch and the like on grease, the conventional kitchen waste treatment device has the defects of incomplete separation and low separation efficiency when oil and water are separated, and if the grease is not effectively removed and separated, a series of problems such as food sanitation potential safety hazards and the like are easily caused in the process of collection, transportation and disposal.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a kitchen garbage processing system to solve the not thorough problem of northwest district kitchen garbage water oil separating.
The technical scheme of the utility model is that: the utility model provides a kitchen garbage processing system, includes solid-liquid separation equipment and oil-water separation equipment, links to each other through the liquid conveyer pipe between solid-liquid separation equipment and the oil-water separation equipment, still includes the heating cabinet, is equipped with the heating bath in the heating cabinet, is equipped with the heater strip in the heating bath, and the heating cabinet lateral part is equipped with the air outlet, and the air outlet is linked together with oil-water separation equipment, and the heating cabinet top is equipped with radiator fan, and the heating cabinet bottom is equipped with axial fan, and the solid-liquid separation equipment lower extreme is equipped with the material conveyer.
As the utility model discloses a further improvement still includes solar panel and battery, and solar panel's output links to each other with the battery, and the battery links to each other respectively with the power end of radiator fan, axial fan and heating bath. The clean solar energy that adopts solar panel to provide supplies the electric power of heating cabinet, realizes energy saving, green.
As a further improvement, the heating box is provided with a temperature controller on the outer wall of the heating box, so as to control the temperature in the heating box. The temperature controller is provided with a temperature probe for measuring the temperature of the heating box, the probe is connected with the temperature controller, and when the temperature reaches the required temperature, the temperature of the temperature controller does not change any more.
As the utility model discloses a further improvement still includes preceding processing apparatus and PLC, and preceding processing apparatus includes filter screen, breaker and conveyer pipe, and the pan feeding mouth at the breaker is established to the filter screen, and the conveyer pipe is located the breaker lower extreme and links to each other with solid-liquid separation equipment, is equipped with the bleeder valve on the conveyer pipe, and breaker outer wall upper end is equipped with infrared detector, and bleeder valve and infrared detector all link to each other with PLC.
As a further improvement of the utility model, oil-water separator includes liquid container, the agitator, meal kitchen oil collecting box, wastewater collection box, frizing board and reciprocating motion mechanism, the liquid container lateral wall is equipped with the oil-out, the oil-out links to each other with meal kitchen oil collecting box, the liquid container bottom is equipped with the delivery port, the delivery port links to each other with wastewater collection box, be equipped with waste water outlet valve on the delivery port, the agitator is located liquid container, frizing board upper end links to each other with reciprocating motion mechanism, the frizing board lower extreme stretches into inside and flushes mutually with the oil-out lower extreme of liquid container, the air outlet is connected in liquid container upper end.
As a further improvement, the reciprocating mechanism comprises a sliding groove, a sliding block and a crank connecting rod mechanism, the sliding block is positioned in the sliding groove, the sliding block is connected with the crank connecting rod mechanism, the crank connecting rod mechanism is connected with the driving motor, and the upper end of the oil scraping plate is connected with the sliding block.
As a further improvement, the liquid container inner wall is provided with a liquid level sensor, and the driving motor of the liquid level sensor and the crank link mechanism is connected with the PLC.
As a further improvement of the utility model, a solenoid valve is arranged on the liquid conveying pipe and is connected with the PLC.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of it is following:
1. the utility model discloses a to high starch kitchen garbage, to the equipment that grease among them effectively separates and get rid of and handle, produce high temperature through heating the groove, axial fan blows hot-air to the inside of oil water separator's liquid container, heats the liquid among them, advances liquid while heating, the heating is even and efficient, starch dissolves through the heating, releases the grease embedded among them, rises to above the surface of water after the grease is released, is favorable to oil water separation, can promote the oil water separation effect by a wide margin; in addition, convection is enhanced through the cooling fan, and on one hand, hot air is favorably blown to the interior of the liquid container; on the other hand, the ventilation and the heat dissipation of the heating box are facilitated, and the function of protecting the heating box is achieved;
2. the heating box is introduced into the oil-water separation device for regulating the temperature of oil-water separation for the first time, and the temperature controller is adopted, so that the temperature can be controlled easily, and the oil-water separation efficiency can be improved; the utility model adopts a hot air heating mode, is safer and more reliable, and can not lead to the scorching of materials;
3. the utility model designs an oil-water separation device with simple structure, which utilizes the matching of the stirrer and the heating box, and heats while stirring, thereby being beneficial to the dissolution of starch, promoting the rising of grease, further improving the oil-water separation efficiency and leading the separation to be more thorough; the oil scraping plate continuously scrapes the oil to the oil outlet through reciprocating motion, so that the oil is separated from the water surface;
4. the utility model discloses can realize intelligent control, when the infrared ray detector detects the kitchen garbage in the breaker more, send a signal to PLC, PLC control discharge valve action discharges the waste material to solid-liquid separation equipment, has improved the utilization ratio and the work efficiency of equipment greatly; when the liquid level sensor detects that the liquid level in the liquid container reaches a specified height, a signal is sent to the PLC, the PLC controls a driving motor of the crank connecting rod mechanism to be started and controls liquid to be fed, and the oil scraping plate starts to work; the energy-saving effect can be achieved through intelligent control, so that energy is effectively utilized;
5. the utility model discloses degree of automation is high, convenient to use, and the operation is maintained simply, and the practicality is strong.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-crusher; 2-filtering the screen; 3-an infrared detector; 4-PLC; 5-a discharge valve; 6-conveying pipe; 7-a solid-liquid separation device; 8-heating a tank; 9-a solid collection box; 10-liquid delivery pipe; 11-a liquid container; 12-a stirrer; 13-a scraper plate; 14-kitchen oil collecting box; 15-a wastewater collection tank; 16-a heating box; 17-a solar panel; 18-a battery; 19-a radiator fan; 20-an axial flow fan; 21-a temperature controller; 22-a material conveyor; 23-air outlet; 24-an oil outlet; 25-a water outlet; 26-a waste water outlet valve; 27-a chute; 28-a slide block; 29-crank linkage; 30-a liquid level sensor; 31-a solenoid valve; 32-driving the motor.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, a kitchen waste treatment system, including solid-liquid separation device 7 and oil-water separation device, connect through liquid conveyer pipe 10 between solid-liquid separation device 7 and the oil-water separation device, still include heating cabinet 16, be equipped with heating tank 8 in the heating cabinet 16, be equipped with the heater strip in the heating tank 8, the heating cabinet 16 lateral part is equipped with air outlet 23, air outlet 23 is linked together with the oil-water separation device, heating cabinet 16 top is equipped with radiator fan 19, heating cabinet 16 bottom is equipped with axial fan 20, solid-liquid separation device 7 lower extreme is equipped with material conveyer 22, material conveyer 22 lower extreme is equipped with solid collecting box 9.
The solar energy water heater further comprises a solar panel 17 and a storage battery 18, wherein the output end of the solar panel 17 is connected with the storage battery 18, and the storage battery 18 is respectively connected with the heat dissipation fan 19, the axial flow fan 20 and the power ends of the heating tank 8.
A temperature controller 21 is provided on the outer wall of the heating chamber 16.
Still include preceding processing apparatus and PLC (4), preceding processing apparatus includes filter screen 2, breaker 1 and conveyer pipe 6, and filter screen 2 is established at the pan feeding mouth of breaker 1, and conveyer pipe 6 is located 1 lower extreme of breaker and links to each other with solid-liquid separation device 7, is equipped with bleeder valve 5 on the conveyer pipe 6, and 1 outer wall upper end of breaker is equipped with infrared detector 3, and bleeder valve 5 and infrared detector 3 all link to each other with PLC (4).
The oil-water separation device comprises a liquid container 11, a stirrer 12, a kitchen oil collecting box 14, a wastewater collecting box 15, an oil scraping plate 13 and a reciprocating motion mechanism, an oil outlet 24 is formed in the side wall of the liquid container 11, the oil outlet 24 is connected with the kitchen oil collecting box 14, a water outlet 25 is formed in the bottom of the liquid container 11, the water outlet 25 is connected with the wastewater collecting box 15, a wastewater outlet valve 26 is arranged on the water outlet 25, the stirrer 12 is located in the liquid container 11, the upper end of the oil scraping plate 13 is connected with the reciprocating motion mechanism, the lower end of the oil scraping plate 13 extends into the interior of the liquid container 11 and is flush with the lower end of the oil outlet 24, and an.
The reciprocating mechanism comprises a sliding chute 27, a sliding block 28 and a crank connecting rod mechanism 29, wherein the sliding block 28 is positioned in the sliding chute 27, the sliding block 28 is connected with the crank connecting rod mechanism 29, the crank connecting rod mechanism 29 is connected with a driving motor 32, and the upper end of the oil scraping plate 13 is connected with the sliding block 28.
The inner wall of the liquid container 11 is provided with a liquid level sensor 30, and the liquid level sensor 30 and a driving motor 32 of the crank connecting rod mechanism 29 are both connected with the PLC (4).
The liquid conveying pipe 10 is provided with an electromagnetic valve 31, and the electromagnetic valve 31 is connected with the PLC (4).
The material conveyor 22 adopts a pneumatic conveyor produced by Shenzhen Jixin science and technology Limited and is used for conveying solid materials.
After the kitchen waste is removed through filter screen 2 with the bold rubbish, obtain suitable granularity through breaker 1, after rubbish in breaker 1 reaches a certain amount, infrared detector 3 signals to PLC (4), and PLC (4) control bleeder valve 5 action discharges the waste material through conveyer pipe 6 to solid-liquid separation device 7, and later PLC (4) control bleeder valve 5 closes. The solid-liquid separation device 7 separates solid from liquid in the kitchen waste by a gravity separation method, and the separated kitchen solid waste enters the solid collection box through the material conveyor 22. The separated liquid is conveyed into a liquid container 11 of an oil-water separation device through a liquid conveying pipe 10, heat generated by a heating groove 8 in a heating box 16 is blown into the liquid container 11 through an air outlet 23 by an axial flow fan 20 to heat oil-water waste liquid, a stirrer 12 stirs the oil while feeding the liquid and stirring the liquid, uniform heating is realized to dissolve starch, oil embedded in the starch is released and rises above the water surface, when the liquid level in the liquid container 11 reaches an oil outlet 24, a liquid level sensor 30 sends a signal to a PLC (4), the PLC (4) controls a solenoid valve 31 to be closed to stop feeding the liquid, controls a driving motor 32 of a crank link mechanism 29 to be opened, a slide block 28 is driven by the crank link mechanism 29 to reciprocate in a chute 27, an oil scraping plate 13 reciprocates along with the slide block 28 to continuously scrape the oil to the oil outlet 24, and the oil flows into a kitchen oil collecting box 14, when the liquid level drops below the oil outlet 24, the PLC (4) receives a signal from the liquid level sensor 30, controls the driving motor 32 of the crank connecting rod mechanism 29 to be closed, stops the oil scraping of the oil scraping plate 13 and controls the electromagnetic valve 31 to be opened. After the liquid in the liquid container 11 is subjected to oil-water separation, the waste water outlet valve 26 is opened, and the waste water is put into the waste water collection tank 15.
The temperature in the heating box 16 can be controlled by the temperature controller 21, and the temperature is generally controlled to be between 40 ℃ and 80 ℃, so that the starch is rapidly dissolved, and the heating box 16 is protected from being damaged.
The utility model relates to a kitchen garbage detection processing and deoiling system that intellectuality, deoiling separation efficiency are high, realize resource utilization can carry out high-efficient ground water oil separating to the kitchen garbage of northwest district high starch, has realized getting rid of rubbish such as kitchen oil and starch among the kitchen garbage. Meanwhile, green clean energy such as solar energy is fully utilized to maintain operation, the automation degree is high, the operation and maintenance are simple, and the practicability is high.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a kitchen garbage processing system, includes solid-liquid separation equipment and oil-water separator, link to each other its characterized in that through the liquid conveyer pipe between solid-liquid separation equipment and the oil-water separator: the heating device is characterized by further comprising a heating box (16), wherein a heating groove (8) is formed in the heating box (16), heating wires are arranged in the heating groove (8), an air outlet (23) is formed in the side portion of the heating box (16), the air outlet (23) is communicated with the oil-water separation device, a cooling fan (19) is arranged at the top of the heating box (16), an axial flow fan (20) is arranged at the bottom of the heating box (16), a material conveyor (22) is arranged at the lower end of the solid-liquid separation device (7), and a solid collecting box (9) is arranged at the lower end.
2. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the solar energy water heater is characterized by further comprising a solar panel (17) and a storage battery (18), wherein the output end of the solar panel (17) is connected with the storage battery (18), and the storage battery (18) is connected with power ends of a cooling fan (19), an axial flow fan (20) and a heating groove (8) respectively.
3. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 2, characterized in that: the outer wall of the heating box (16) is provided with a temperature controller (21).
4. A kitchen waste treatment system according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that: still include preceding processing apparatus and PLC, preceding processing apparatus includes filter screen (2), breaker (1) and conveyer pipe (6), the pan feeding mouth at breaker (1) is established in filter screen (2), conveyer pipe (6) are located breaker (1) lower extreme and link to each other with solid-liquid separation equipment (7), are equipped with bleeder valve (5) on conveyer pipe (6), and breaker (1) outer wall upper end is equipped with infrared detector (3), bleeder valve (5) and infrared detector (3) all link to each other with PLC.
5. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 4, characterized in that: oil-water separator includes liquid container (11), agitator (12), meal kitchen oil collecting box (14), waste water collecting box (15), frizing board (13) and reciprocating motion mechanism, liquid container (11) lateral wall is equipped with oil-out (24), and oil-out (24) link to each other with meal kitchen oil collecting box (14), and liquid container (11) bottom is equipped with delivery port (25), and delivery port (25) link to each other with waste water collecting box (15), are equipped with waste water outlet valve (26) on delivery port (25), agitator (12) are located liquid container (11), frizing board (13) upper end links to each other with reciprocating motion mechanism, and frizing board (13) lower extreme stretches into liquid container (11) inside and flushes mutually with oil-out (24) lower extreme, air outlet (23) are connected in liquid container (11) upper end.
6. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 5, characterized in that: the reciprocating mechanism comprises a sliding groove (27), a sliding block (28) and a crank connecting rod mechanism (29), the sliding block (28) is located in the sliding groove (27), the sliding block (28) is connected with the crank connecting rod mechanism (29), the crank connecting rod mechanism (29) is connected with a driving motor (32), and the upper end of the oil scraping plate (13) is connected with the sliding block (28).
7. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 6, characterized in that: and a liquid level sensor (30) is arranged on the inner wall of the liquid container (11), and the liquid level sensor (30) and a driving motor (32) of the crank connecting rod mechanism (29) are connected with the PLC.
8. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 7, characterized in that: an electromagnetic valve (31) is arranged on the liquid conveying pipe (10), and the electromagnetic valve (31) is connected with the PLC.
CN201921172923.XU 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Kitchen waste treatment system Active CN210523370U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921172923.XU CN210523370U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Kitchen waste treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921172923.XU CN210523370U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Kitchen waste treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210523370U true CN210523370U (en) 2020-05-15

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CN201921172923.XU Active CN210523370U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Kitchen waste treatment system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112047765A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-08 广州仁麦生物科技有限公司 Bio-feritlizer preparation facilities
CN112058848A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-12-11 黄山学院 Kitchen waste resource utilization and treatment device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112058848A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-12-11 黄山学院 Kitchen waste resource utilization and treatment device
CN112058848B (en) * 2020-07-08 2021-08-27 黄山学院 Kitchen waste resource utilization and treatment device
CN112047765A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-08 广州仁麦生物科技有限公司 Bio-feritlizer preparation facilities

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