CN210438602U - Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement - Google Patents

Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210438602U
CN210438602U CN201920893783.9U CN201920893783U CN210438602U CN 210438602 U CN210438602 U CN 210438602U CN 201920893783 U CN201920893783 U CN 201920893783U CN 210438602 U CN210438602 U CN 210438602U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
excrement
storage cavity
solid
water storage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920893783.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴飞龙
叶美锋
林代炎
吴晓梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Agricultural Engineering Technology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Agricultural Engineering Technology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Institute of Agricultural Engineering Technology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Agricultural Engineering Technology of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201920893783.9U priority Critical patent/CN210438602U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210438602U publication Critical patent/CN210438602U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement relates to dirty excrement treatment technical field, the utility model overcomes solid moisture content that solid-liquid separation machine separates the back to dirty excrement among the prior art is too high, and the problem of the heavy inconvenient removal of solid-liquid separation machine, now proposes following scheme: the excrement collecting device comprises a cylinder assembly, a second cavity, a third cavity, a water storage cavity and an excrement storage cavity. The filter layer of first cavity external connection, the water guide layer of filter layer external connection, the motor of auger hub connection installation on drum assembly outer wall, the extrusion panel is connected through the second pneumatic cylinder to the second hydraulic pump, and a connecting rod is respectively connected to second pneumatic cylinder both sides, and first baffle is connected to the other end of left connecting rod, and the second baffle is connected to the other end of the connecting rod on right side. The utility model discloses carry out twice solid-liquid separation to dirty excrement, promote the separation effect, reduce the moisture content of solid. The wheel is arranged below the water storage cavity and the excrement storage cavity, so that the movement is more labor-saving.

Description

Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a dirty excrement treatment technical field especially relates to a dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement.
Background
In a farm, since feces and urine of livestock and poultry are mixed into water on a daily basis, the generated sewage is mostly composed of both. The treatment of manure in farms becomes an important problem. At present, the livestock manure cleaning mode in the breeding industry is generally adopted, a large amount of water resources are consumed, and a large amount of livestock manure sewage is discharged. Under the prior art, a more advanced treatment mode is to separate excrement from liquid by using a solid-liquid separator, but the moisture content of solid products of excrement solid-liquid separation of the existing solid-liquid separator is over 60 percent, the moisture content of the solid is too high, the subsequent reutilization of the excrement is influenced, and the solid-liquid separator is heavy and inconvenient to move.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problems that the solid water content of the separated excrement is too high by the solid-liquid separator in the prior art, which affects the subsequent reutilization of the excrement, and the solid-liquid separator is heavy and inconvenient to move;
the cylinder assembly comprises a feeding hole at the upper right of the shell, an auger shaft in the first cavity, a filter layer connected outside the first cavity, and a water guide layer connected outside the filter layer, the auger shaft is connected with a motor arranged on the outer wall of the cylinder assembly, a first baffle is arranged at the bottom of the first cavity, the first baffle is connected with one end of a rotating rod, and the other end of the rotating rod is connected with an axis in the outer wall of the cylinder assembly;
the second cavity is arranged below the first cavity and comprises a first hydraulic pump and a cleaning device, the first hydraulic pump is arranged on the outer wall of the left part of the second cavity, the cleaning device is connected with the first hydraulic pump through a first hydraulic cylinder, and the cleaning device comprises a dung pushing panel;
the third cavity is arranged on the right side of the second cavity, a second hydraulic pump is mounted on the outer wall of the upper portion of the third cavity, the second hydraulic pump is connected with the extrusion panel through a second hydraulic cylinder, two sides of the second hydraulic cylinder are respectively connected with a connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod on the left side is connected with a first baffle, the other end of the connecting rod on the right side is connected with a second baffle, and the second baffle is slightly longer than the first baffle;
the water storage cavity is arranged below the second cavity and the third cavity, a filter screen is fixedly mounted at the intersection of the water storage cavity and the second cavity as well as the third cavity, one side of the filter screen is fixed on the left wall of the water storage cavity, the other side of the filter screen is fixed on the partition plate, and a water outlet is formed in the lower left corner of the water storage cavity;
the excrement storage cavity is arranged on the right side of the water storage cavity and is separated by a partition plate, and a discharge hole is formed in the lower right corner of the excrement storage cavity.
Preferably, the auger shaft is provided with auger blades, and the diameter and the pitch of the auger blades are gradually reduced from one end connected with the motor to the other end.
Preferably, push away excrement panel below and be equipped with cleaning brush, cleaning brush's brush hair point portion position and filter screen fully contact.
Preferably, the wheels are arranged below the water storage cavity and the excrement storage cavity, and the wheels are universal wheels.
Preferably, the feed opening is designed in a funnel shape.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model discloses carry out twice solid-liquid separation to dirty excrement, increaseed the separation dynamics, promote the separation effect, reduce the moisture content of solid to can clean the filter screen and prevent to block up. Can automatically separate and store excrement and liquid, and the movable solid-liquid separation device saves more labor.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the initial state of the second hydraulic cylinder in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the middle cylinder assembly of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1 cylinder assembly, 2 second cavity, 3 third cavity, 4 water storage cavity, 5 excrement storage cavity, 6 wheels, 10 motors, 11 feed inlets, 12 auger shafts, 13 filter layers, 14 water guide layers, 15 water guide pipes, 16 first cavity, 21 first hydraulic cylinder, 22 cleaning device, 31 second hydraulic cylinder, 32 extrusion panel, 33 first baffle, 34 filter screen, 35 second baffle, 36 connecting rod, 41 water outlet, 51 discharge outlet, 52 baffle, 121 auger blade, 221 excrement pushing panel and 222 cleaning brush.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "vertical", "horizontal", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are merely for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a mobile fecal solid-liquid separation treatment device includes a cylinder assembly 1, a second cavity 2, a third cavity 3, a water storage cavity 4, and a fecal storage cavity 5;
the cylinder assembly 1 comprises a feeding hole 11 at the upper right of the shell, an auger shaft 12 in the first cavity 16, a filter layer 13 connected outside the first cavity 16, a water guide layer 14 connected outside the filter layer 13, the auger shaft 12 is connected with a motor 10 arranged on the outer wall of the cylinder assembly 1, a first baffle 15 is arranged at the bottom of the first cavity 16, the first baffle 15 is connected with one end of a rotating rod 152, and the other end of the rotating rod 152 is connected with an axle center 151 arranged in the outer wall of the cylinder assembly 1;
the second cavity 2 is arranged below the first cavity 16 and comprises a first hydraulic pump 20 and a cleaning device 22, the first hydraulic pump 20 is arranged on the outer wall of the left part of the second cavity 2, the cleaning device 22 is connected with the first hydraulic pump 20 through a first hydraulic cylinder 21, and the cleaning device 22 comprises a dung pushing panel 221;
the third cavity 3 is arranged on the right side of the second cavity, a second hydraulic pump 30 is mounted on the outer wall of the upper portion of the third cavity 3, the second hydraulic pump 30 is connected with an extrusion panel 32 through a second hydraulic cylinder 31, two sides of the second hydraulic cylinder 32 are respectively connected with a connecting rod 36, the other end of the connecting rod 36 on the left side is connected with a first baffle 33, the other end of the connecting rod 36 on the right side is connected with a second baffle 35, and the second baffle 35 is slightly longer than the first baffle 33;
the water storage cavity 4 is arranged below the second cavity 2 and the third cavity 3, a filter screen 34 is fixedly installed at the intersection of the water storage cavity 4 and the second cavity 2 as well as the third cavity 3, one side of the filter screen 34 is fixed on the left wall of the water storage cavity 4, the other side of the filter screen is fixed on a partition plate 52, and a water outlet 41 is arranged at the lower left corner of the water storage cavity 4;
the excrement storage cavity 5 is arranged on the right side of the water storage cavity 4 and is separated by a partition plate 52, and a discharge hole 51 is formed in the lower right corner of the excrement storage cavity 5.
For the better separation dynamics that has increaseed, promote the separation effect, reduce the moisture content of solid, the utility model discloses still include be equipped with auger blade 121 on the auger shaft 12, auger blade 121 diameter and pitch diminish to the other end from the one end of connecting motor 10 gradually. A cleaning brush 222 is arranged below the dung pushing panel 221, and the bristle tip position of the cleaning brush 22 is fully contacted with the filter screen 34. The wheel 6 is arranged below the water storage cavity 4 and the excrement storage cavity 5, and the wheel 6 is a universal wheel. The feed opening 11 is designed in the shape of a funnel.
The working principle is as follows: the utility model discloses a to dirty excrement from feed inlet 11 transport into first cavity 16 in, because feed inlet 11 is hourglass hopper-shaped, so dirty excrement can not spill from feed inlet 11. The starter motor 10 carries out auger shaft 12 and rotates, and auger blade 121 extrudes solid-liquid separation to dirty excrement, and auger blade 12 diameter and pitch diminish from the one end of connecting motor 10 to the other end gradually, realize the extrusion pressure grow to dirty excrement, and be close to first cavity 16 end more, pressure is stronger more, through auger shaft 12 and auger blade 121's transportation, excrement and urine is at the terminal gathering of first cavity 16. The filter layer 13 filters the extruded excrement, the liquid reaches the water guide layer 14 through the filter layer 13, and the liquid in the water guide layer 14 is collected at the leftmost end of the water guide layer 14 under the action of gravity and flows to the water storage cavity 4 through the water guide pipe 15. Flows to the water storage cavity 4 through the second cavity 2 and the filter screen 34. The axle center 151 is rotated, the axle center 151 drives the rotating rod 152, the rotating rod 152 drives the first baffle 15 to rotate to the vertical direction, and the feces collected at the tail end of the first cavity 16 after the preliminary solid-liquid separation fall into the second cavity 2 under the action of gravity. The first hydraulic pump 20 is started to perform the telescopic motion of the first hydraulic cylinder 21, and the feces pushing panel 221 pushes the feces into the third cavity 3. The connecting rods 36 on the two sides of the second hydraulic cylinder 31 are respectively connected with the first baffle 33 and the second baffle 35, when the second hydraulic cylinder 31 extends to the limit distance, the squeezing panel 32 just squeezes the feces fully, the first baffle 33 just touches the upper end of the filter screen 34, the second baffle 35 just touches the lower end of the filter screen 34, the first baffle 33 and the second baffle 35 simultaneously seal the third cavity 3, and the feces are squeezed in the third cavity 3. The second hydraulic pump 30 is opened to perform the telescopic motion of the second hydraulic cylinder 31, the extrusion panel 32 extrudes the excrement, the filter screen 34 filters the extruded excrement, and the liquid reaches the water storage cavity 4 through the filter screen 34. After the repeated extrusion, the second hydraulic cylinder 31 is reset to the initial position, the first hydraulic pump 20 is started to perform the telescopic motion of the first hydraulic cylinder 21, and the feces pushing panel 221 pushes the feces into the feces storage cavity 5. Finally, the cleaning device 22 is started, the first hydraulic cylinder 21 performs telescopic motion, and the cleaning brush 222 performs repeated cleaning on the filter screen 34 to prevent the filter screen 34 from being blocked.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments, and it should be noted that it is obvious to those skilled in the art. Without departing from the spirit of the present invention, any improvement is within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement which characterized in that: comprises a cylinder assembly (1), a second cavity (2), a third cavity (3), a water storage cavity (4) and a dung storage cavity (5);
the cylinder assembly (1) comprises a feeding hole (11) at the upper right of a shell, the left end of the cylinder assembly (1) is inclined downwards, a first cavity (16) is arranged inside the cylinder assembly (1), an auger shaft (12) is arranged in the first cavity (16), a filter layer (13) is arranged on the outer layer of the first cavity (16), a water guide layer (14) is arranged on the outer layer of the filter layer (13), the bottom of the left side of the water guide layer (14) is connected with a water guide pipe (15), the water guide pipe (15) is connected with a water storage cavity (4), and the auger shaft (12) is connected with a motor (10) on the outer wall of the cylinder assembly (1);
the second cavity (2) comprises a first hydraulic cylinder (21) and a cleaning device (22), the first hydraulic cylinder (21) is installed on the outer wall of the second cavity (2), the cleaning device (22) is connected with a piston rod of the first hydraulic cylinder (21), and the cleaning device (22) comprises a dung pushing panel (221);
a second hydraulic cylinder (31) is installed on the outer wall of the third cavity (3), a piston rod of the second hydraulic cylinder (31) is connected with an extrusion panel (32), two sides of the second hydraulic cylinder (31) are respectively connected with a connecting rod (36), the connecting rod (36) on the left side is connected with a first baffle (33), the connecting rod (36) on the right side is connected with a second baffle (35), and the second baffle (35) is slightly longer than the first baffle (33);
the water storage cavity (4) is arranged below the second cavity (2) and the third cavity (3), a filter screen (34) is fixedly installed at the intersection of the water storage cavity (4) and the second cavity (2) and the third cavity (3), one side of the filter screen (34) is fixed to the left wall of the water storage cavity (4), the other side of the filter screen (34) is fixed to a partition plate (52), the partition plate (52) is welded to the inner wall of the water storage cavity (4), and a water outlet (41) is formed in the lower left corner of the water storage cavity (4);
store up excrement cavity (5) and locate the right side of water storage cavity (4), separate with baffle (52), store up excrement cavity (5) lower right corner and be equipped with discharge gate (51).
2. The mobile fecal sewage solid-liquid separation treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the packing auger shaft (12) is provided with a packing auger blade (121), and the diameter and the pitch of the packing auger blade (121) are gradually reduced from one end connected with the motor (10) to the other end.
3. The mobile fecal sewage solid-liquid separation treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: a cleaning brush (222) is arranged below the dung pushing panel (221), and the brush tip position of the cleaning brush (222) is fully contacted with the filter screen (34).
4. The mobile fecal sewage solid-liquid separation treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lower of water storage cavity (4) and excrement storage cavity (5) is equipped with wheel (6), wheel (6) are the universal wheel.
5. The mobile fecal sewage solid-liquid separation treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feed inlet (11) is designed to be funnel-shaped.
CN201920893783.9U 2019-06-14 2019-06-14 Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement Expired - Fee Related CN210438602U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920893783.9U CN210438602U (en) 2019-06-14 2019-06-14 Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920893783.9U CN210438602U (en) 2019-06-14 2019-06-14 Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210438602U true CN210438602U (en) 2020-05-01

Family

ID=70403184

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920893783.9U Expired - Fee Related CN210438602U (en) 2019-06-14 2019-06-14 Dirty solid-liquid separation processing apparatus of portable excrement

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210438602U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200501

Termination date: 20210614

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee