CN210399766U - Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210399766U
CN210399766U CN201921314055.4U CN201921314055U CN210399766U CN 210399766 U CN210399766 U CN 210399766U CN 201921314055 U CN201921314055 U CN 201921314055U CN 210399766 U CN210399766 U CN 210399766U
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Prior art keywords
drying
organic fertilizer
box
bio
stoving
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CN201921314055.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨俊伟
庄洪举
丁松改
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Henan Huafutian Tech Co Ltd
Henan Huafutian Technology Co Ltd
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Henan Huafutian Tech Co Ltd
Henan Huafutian Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a drying device for bio-organic fertilizer, including the stoving case, stoving roof portion and bottom are provided with charge-in pipeline and ejection of compact pipeline respectively, charge-in pipeline passes through mount and stoving case fixed connection, stoving roof portion rotates and is connected with the bulk cargo case, charge-in pipeline stretches into the bulk cargo incasement and rotates with the bulk cargo case to be connected, a plurality of distribution openings have been seted up to the even array of bulk cargo bottom of the case portion, be provided with on the mount and be used for driving the rotatory actuating mechanism of bulk cargo case, stoving incasement portion is provided with hot air drying mechanism and is located the cold air drying mechanism of hot air drying. The utility model discloses the bio-organic fertilizer that will treat to dry passes through bulk cargo case homodisperse to the drying plate on, prevents that the fertilizer from piling up to adopt high temperature hot air drying in earlier stage, later stage cold wind drying's method can effectively improve drying efficiency, shortens drying time.

Description

Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of bio-organic fertilizer processing equipment, especially, relate to a drying device for bio-organic fertilizer.
Background
The biological organic fertilizer is prepared by taking organic fertilizer obtained by fermenting fermented livestock and poultry manure, animal and plant wastes, straws, kitchen residues and the like singly or in a mixed way as a carrier and assisting with live microbial bacteria with disease prevention and growth promotion functions, and has the advantages of comprehensive nutrition, easiness in crop absorption and capability of improving soil fertility, so that the biological organic fertilizer is widely used.
In the bio-organic fertilizer production process, need just can pack into the bag after drying and finalizing the design to it, at present, bio-organic fertilizer adopts traditional high temperature drying device, because a large amount of bio-organic fertilizer are piled up inside drying device, can't realize evenly drying to bio-organic fertilizer, and because contain moisture in the bio-organic fertilizer, easy caking, hardly carry out effectual stoving, the quality of drying has been influenced, and simultaneously, because bio-organic fertilizer temperature after the stoving is higher, still need cool off the back and just can pack into the bag, bio-organic fertilizer's production efficiency has been reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve the weak point among the prior art, provide a simple structure, job stabilization, drying device for bio-organic fertilizer that drying efficiency is high.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: a drying device for bio-organic fertilizer comprises a drying box, wherein the top and the bottom of the drying box are respectively provided with a feeding pipeline and a discharging pipeline, the feeding pipeline is fixedly connected with the drying box through a fixing frame, the top of the drying box is rotatably connected with a bulk material box, the feeding pipeline extends into the bulk material box and is rotatably connected with the bulk material box, the bottom of the bulk material box is uniformly provided with a plurality of material distributing ports in an array manner, the fixing frame is provided with a first driving mechanism for driving the bulk material box to rotate, the inside of the drying box is provided with a hot air drying mechanism and a cold air drying mechanism positioned below the hot air drying mechanism, the hot air drying mechanism comprises a drying plate rotatably connected with the inside of the drying box, the inside of the drying plate is provided with a cavity, the upper surface of the drying plate is uniformly provided with a plurality of hot air holes, the left, first pivot passes the drying cabinet and is connected with step motor's output shaft transmission, the second pivot sets up to hollow and is linked together with the inside cavity of stoving board, second pivot tip rotates and is connected with the guide duct, stoving case right side is provided with the air heater, the guide duct is linked together with the air outlet of air heater, stoving case both sides are provided with the locking mechanism who is used for fixed stoving board, first exhaust port has been seted up to stoving case upper portion lateral wall, cold wind drying mechanism is including rotating the rotation axis of connecting in stoving incasement portion, fixedly connected with puddler on the rotation axis, rotation axis and puddler all set up to hollow and be linked together, evenly seted up a plurality of cold-blast holes on rotation axis and the puddler, the rotation axis left end is worn out the drying cabinet and is connected with the air-cooler, stoving case left side is provided with and is used for driving rotation axis pivoted second actuating mechanism, the second.
The first driving mechanism comprises a driving motor, a transmission gear is installed on an output shaft of the driving motor, and a transmission gear ring in meshing transmission connection with the transmission gear is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the top of the bulk cargo box.
The locking mechanism comprises four limiting cylinders arranged on two sides of the drying box, limiting grooves corresponding to the limiting cylinders are formed in two sides of the drying plate respectively, and piston rods of the four limiting cylinders penetrate through the drying box and are fixedly connected with limiting blocks corresponding to the limiting grooves respectively.
The second driving mechanism comprises a rotating motor arranged on the left side of the drying box, a driving gear is mounted on an output shaft of the rotating motor, and the left end of the rotating shaft penetrates out of the drying box and is provided with a driven gear in meshing transmission connection with the driving gear.
The aperture of the hot air hole is smaller than the particle size of the biological organic fertilizer.
And the left side and the right side of the bottom of the drying box are respectively provided with a material guide plate.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, the utility model has the advantages of as follows:
1. the drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer is good in drying effect, the driving gear is driven to rotate by controlling the driving motor, the driving gear is meshed to drive the driving gear ring to rotate, so that the bulk material box is driven to rotate, the bio-organic fertilizer is uniformly dispersed onto the drying plate in the hot air drying mechanism through the discharge hole at the bottom of the bulk material box, a proper feeding amount is controlled manually, and the accumulated bio-organic fertilizer is dispersed through the bulk material box, so that the heating area of the material is effectively increased, and the phenomenon that the material cannot be dried due to accumulation is reduced;
2. the drying plate is fixed by inserting a limiting block at the end part of a piston rod of a limiting cylinder in a locking mechanism into a corresponding limiting groove, after materials are uniformly distributed on the drying plate, hot air is conveyed into a cavity of the drying plate by an air guide pipe and is diffused out through a hot air hole, the materials tiled on the drying plate are quickly heated and uniformly dried, and water vapor is discharged from a first exhaust port;
3. controlling a piston rod of the limiting cylinder to drive a limiting block to move out of the limiting groove, and controlling a stepping motor to drive a drying plate to rotate so as to put the bio-organic fertilizer into a cold air drying mechanism; the rotary motor is controlled to rotate, the rotary motor drives the driving gear to rotate, the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear to drive the rotating shaft and the stirring rod to rotate, the stirring rod breaks up caked materials in the rotating process, meanwhile, the air cooler conveys cold air to the cold air drying mechanism through cold air holes formed in the rotating shaft and the stirring rod, and the cold air drying mechanism can be used for cooling the dried materials and drying the materials for the second time, so that the production efficiency of the bio-organic fertilizer is improved;
4. the bio-organic fertilizer that this device was treated to dry passes through bulk cargo case homodisperse to the drying plate on, prevents that the fertilizer from piling up to adopt high temperature hot air drying in earlier stage, later stage cold air drying's method can effectively improve drying efficiency, shortens drying time.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the medium hot air drying mechanism of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in the figures 1-2, the drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer comprises a drying box 1, wherein the top and the bottom of the drying box 1 are respectively provided with a feeding pipeline 2 and a discharging pipeline 3, the feeding pipeline 2 is fixedly connected with the drying box 1 through a fixing frame 4, the top of the drying box 1 is rotatably connected with a bulk material box 5, the feeding pipeline 2 extends into the bulk material box 5 and is rotatably connected with the bulk material box 5, the bottom of the bulk material box 5 is uniformly provided with a plurality of material distributing openings 6 in an array manner, the fixing frame 4 is provided with a first driving mechanism for driving the bulk material box 5 to rotate, a hot air drying mechanism and a cold air drying mechanism positioned below the hot air drying mechanism are arranged in the drying box 1, the hot air drying mechanism comprises a drying plate 7 rotatably connected in the drying box 1, the drying plate 7 is internally provided with a cavity, and a plurality of hot air holes, the left side and the right side of a drying plate 7 are respectively fixedly connected with a first rotating shaft 9 and a second rotating shaft 10, the left side of a drying box 1 is provided with a stepping motor 11, the first rotating shaft 9 penetrates through the drying box 1 and is in transmission connection with an output shaft of the stepping motor 11, the second rotating shaft 10 is hollow and is communicated with a cavity inside the drying plate 7, the end part of the second rotating shaft 10 is rotatably connected with an air guide pipe 12, a sealing ring is arranged at the joint of the second rotating shaft 10 and the air guide pipe 12, the second rotating shaft 10 rotates relative to the sealing ring, the right side of the drying box 1 is provided with a hot air blower 13, the air guide pipe 12 is communicated with an air outlet of the hot air blower 13, two sides of the drying box 1 are provided with locking mechanisms for fixing the drying plate 7, the side wall of the upper part of the drying box 1 is provided with a first air outlet 14, the cold air drying mechanism comprises a rotating, a plurality of cold air holes 17 are uniformly formed in the rotating shaft 15 and the stirring rod 16, the left end of the rotating shaft 15 penetrates through the drying box 1 and is connected with an air outlet of an air cooler 28, a second driving mechanism used for driving the rotating shaft 15 to rotate is arranged on the left side of the drying box 1, and a second air outlet 18 located below the drying plate 7 is formed in the side wall of the middle of the drying box 1.
The first driving mechanism comprises a driving motor 19, a transmission gear 20 is installed on an output shaft of the driving motor 19, and a transmission gear ring 21 in meshing transmission connection with the transmission gear 20 is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the top of the bulk material box 5.
The locking mechanism comprises four limiting cylinders 22 arranged on two sides of the drying box 1, limiting grooves 23 corresponding to the limiting cylinders 22 are formed in two sides of the drying plate 7 respectively, and piston rods of the four limiting cylinders 22 penetrate through the drying box 1 and are fixedly connected with limiting blocks 24 corresponding to the limiting grooves 23 respectively.
The second driving mechanism comprises a rotating motor 25 arranged on the left side of the drying box 1, a driving gear 26 is installed on an output shaft of the rotating motor 25, and the left end of the rotating shaft 15 penetrates out of the drying box 1 and is provided with a driven gear 27 in meshing transmission connection with the driving gear 26.
The aperture of the hot air hole 8 is smaller than the grain size of the biological organic fertilizer.
The left side and the right side of the bottom of the drying box 1 are respectively provided with a material guide plate 29.
When the utility model is used, the bio-organic fertilizer enters the bulk material box 5 through the feeding pipeline 2, the transmission gear 20 is driven to rotate by controlling the driving motor 19, the transmission gear 20 is meshed to drive the transmission gear ring 21 to rotate, so as to drive the bulk material box 5 to rotate, the bio-organic fertilizer is uniformly dispersed to the drying plate 7 in the hot air drying mechanism through the discharge hole at the bottom of the bulk material box 5, the proper feeding amount is controlled manually, and the piled bio-organic fertilizer is dispersed through the bulk material box 5, the heating area of the material is effectively increased, and the phenomenon that the drying cannot be carried out due to the accumulation of the material is reduced; the limiting blocks 24 at the end parts of the piston rods of the limiting cylinders 22 in the locking mechanisms are inserted into the corresponding limiting grooves 23, the drying plate 7 is fixed, materials are uniformly distributed on the drying plate 7, the air guide pipes 12 convey hot air into the cavity of the drying plate 7 through the hollow second rotating shafts 10 and are diffused through the hot air holes 8, the materials tiled on the drying plate 7 are quickly heated and uniformly dried, water vapor is discharged from the first exhaust ports 14, the hot air blower 13 is turned off after the materials are uniformly dried by the hot air, the limiting cylinders 22 are controlled to drive the limiting blocks 24 to move out of the limiting grooves 23, and the stepping motors 11 are controlled to drive the drying plate 7 to rotate, so that the bio-organic fertilizer is put into the cold air drying mechanism; back in bio-organic fertilizer gets into cold air drying mechanism, control rotating electrical machines 25 rotates, rotating electrical machines 25 drives driving gear 26 and rotates, driving gear 26 meshes and drives driven gear 27 and rotate, thereby drive rotation axis 15 and puddler 16 and rotate, puddler 16 is at the rotation in-process material of breaking up the caking, cold wind hole 17 that air-cooler 28 offered through rotation axis 15 and puddler 16 carries cold wind to cold air drying mechanism in simultaneously, not only can cool down the material after the stoving through setting up cold air drying mechanism, also can carry out the secondary drying to the material, improve bio-organic fertilizer's production efficiency, bio-organic fertilizer after the stoving passes through ejection of compact pipeline 3 and discharges, this device adopts high temperature hot air drying in earlier stage, the dry method of later stage cold air, can effectively improve drying efficiency, shorten drying time.
The present embodiment is not intended to limit the shape, material, structure, etc. of the present invention in any form, and all of the technical matters of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention to any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made by the above embodiments.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a drying device for bio-organic fertilizer, includes stoving case, its characterized in that: the top and the bottom of the drying box are respectively provided with a feeding pipeline and a discharging pipeline, the feeding pipeline is fixedly connected with the drying box through a fixing frame, the top of the drying box is rotatably connected with a bulk material box, the feeding pipeline extends into the bulk material box and is rotatably connected with the bulk material box, the bottom of the bulk material box is uniformly provided with a plurality of material distributing openings in an array manner, the fixing frame is provided with a first driving mechanism for driving the bulk material box to rotate, the inside of the drying box is provided with a hot air drying mechanism and a cold air drying mechanism positioned below the hot air drying mechanism, the hot air drying mechanism comprises a drying plate rotatably connected with the inside of the drying box, the inside of the drying plate is provided with a cavity, the upper surface of the drying plate is uniformly provided with a plurality of hot air holes, the left side and the right side of the drying plate are respectively and fixedly connected with a first rotating shaft, the second pivot sets up to hollow and is linked together with the inside cavity of stoving board, second pivot tip rotates and is connected with the guide duct, stoving case right side is provided with the air heater, the air outlet of guide duct and air heater is linked together, stoving case both sides are provided with the locking mechanism who is used for fixed stoving board, first exhaust port has been seted up to stoving case upper portion lateral wall, cold air drying mechanism is including rotating the rotation axis of connecting in stoving incasement portion, fixedly connected with puddler on the rotation axis, rotation axis and puddler all set up to hollow and be linked together, evenly seted up a plurality of cold-blast holes on rotation axis and the puddler, the rotation axis left end is worn out the stoving case and is connected with the air-cooler, stoving case left side is provided with and is used for driving rotation axis pivoted second actuating mechanism, the second gas vent.
2. The drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first driving mechanism comprises a driving motor, a transmission gear is installed on an output shaft of the driving motor, and a transmission gear ring in meshing transmission connection with the transmission gear is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the top of the bulk cargo box.
3. The drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the locking mechanism comprises four limiting cylinders arranged on two sides of the drying box, limiting grooves corresponding to the limiting cylinders are formed in two sides of the drying plate respectively, and piston rods of the four limiting cylinders penetrate through the drying box and are fixedly connected with limiting blocks corresponding to the limiting grooves respectively.
4. The drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the second driving mechanism comprises a rotating motor arranged on the left side of the drying box, a driving gear is mounted on an output shaft of the rotating motor, and the left end of the rotating shaft penetrates out of the drying box and is provided with a driven gear in meshing transmission connection with the driving gear.
5. The drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the aperture of the hot air hole is smaller than the particle size of the biological organic fertilizer.
6. The drying device for the bio-organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 5, wherein: and the left side and the right side of the bottom of the drying box are respectively provided with a material guide plate.
CN201921314055.4U 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer Active CN210399766U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921314055.4U CN210399766U (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921314055.4U CN210399766U (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210399766U true CN210399766U (en) 2020-04-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921314055.4U Active CN210399766U (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Drying device for bio-organic fertilizer

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111854329A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-30 李超 Pig is predrying equipment for feed production
CN114018018A (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-02-08 怀宁县洪东生态农业发展有限公司 Portable hot air drying device is used in rice processing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111854329A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-30 李超 Pig is predrying equipment for feed production
CN114018018A (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-02-08 怀宁县洪东生态农业发展有限公司 Portable hot air drying device is used in rice processing

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