Spring chuck returns tooth device
The utility model relates to a machining equipment field, concretely relates to spring chuck returns tooth device.
A spring chuck (collet chuck for short) is a cylindrical fixture used for mounting on a milling machine to fasten a drill bit or a milling cutter.
In the prior art, when the spring clamp is produced and processed, the spring clamp is often deformed after heat treatment. In order to ensure the quality of the product and the uniform reference of the subsequent processing technology, the threaded hole of the chuck needs to be screwed again, and the process hole correction (namely chamfering) is carried out at the two ends of the chuck. The two processes are generally completed by manually operating the tapping machine and the lathe at present, so that the defects of low production efficiency and extremely dangerous manual operation, namely easily causing industrial accidents, exist.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a solve the above-mentioned problem that prior art exists, provide a spring chuck returns tooth device.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a spring chuck returns tooth device, including the bottom plate, and set up feed mechanism, feed mechanism on the bottom plate and return tooth processing agency, wherein:
the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding chute which is obliquely arranged;
the distributing mechanism comprises a distributing plate, a linking chute, a first telescopic cylinder and a second telescopic cylinder, wherein the first telescopic cylinder is connected with the distributing plate and used for pushing the distributing plate to horizontally slide below an outlet of the distributing chute, the number of the linking chute and the number of the second telescopic cylinder are consistent and are at least two respectively, all the linking chutes are arranged on one side of the distributing plate at intervals along the sliding direction of the distributing plate, the second telescopic cylinders are arranged on the other side of the distributing plate at intervals along the sliding direction of the distributing plate, the linking chutes and the second telescopic cylinders are in one-to-one correspondence, bearing grooves are formed in the distributing plate, and the second telescopic cylinders are used for pushing spring chucks in the bearing grooves into the corresponding linking chutes;
the tooth returning processing mechanism comprises clamps which are in one-to-one correspondence with the connecting chutes, and a clamping cylinder, a third telescopic cylinder, a fourth telescopic cylinder and a motor which are matched with each clamp, the clamp is provided with a processing hole site which penetrates up and down and is used for bearing the spring chuck which slides down from the corresponding connecting chute, the third telescopic cylinder and the fourth telescopic cylinder are respectively fixed on the side surface of the clamp, the clamping jaw of the clamping cylinder is positioned in the processing hole position to clamp the spring chuck to be processed, the front end of a piston rod of the third telescopic cylinder is provided with a baffle plate which is used for blocking or opening a lower outlet of the processing hole site, the fourth telescopic cylinder is arranged above the clamp and is used for driving the motor to lift up and down, and a screw tap for performing tooth returning processing on the spring chuck in the processing hole is connected with the rotating shaft of the motor downwards.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, feed mechanism's material loading spout is the circular arc structure, the pan feeding mouth of material loading spout is located horizontal tangential direction.
As the utility model discloses a further preferred technical scheme, feed mechanism still includes first material inductor and fifth telescopic cylinder, first material inductor install in on the lateral wall of the pan feeding mouth department of material loading spout, fifth telescopic cylinder is fixed in the pan feeding mouth front side of material loading spout, fifth telescopic cylinder's piston rod orientation material loading spout pan feeding mouth is in order to be used for the level to promote the collet chuck that is located material loading spout pan feeding mouth department.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the fixed sliding seat that is equipped with on the bottom plate, divide flitch slidable set up in the sliding seat, first telescopic cylinder is fixed in the sliding seat or the bottom plate, first telescopic cylinder's piston push rod with divide the flitch to connect.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, be equipped with the fixed bolster on the bottom plate, the fourth telescopic cylinder is vertical to be fixed in downwards on the fixed bolster, the motor pass through the motor cabinet with the piston push rod of fourth telescopic cylinder connects.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, still be equipped with movable support frame on the bottom plate, movable support frame includes rotation support post, rotor arm and digging arm, rotation support post is vertical to be fixed on the bottom plate, the rotor arm level sets up and connects rotation support post's top, the both ends of digging arm respectively with the rotor arm with the motor cabinet is articulated.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, all the fourth telescopic cylinder all sets up in same on the fixed bolster, every the motor each corresponds and connects one the movable support frame.
The utility model discloses a spring chuck returns tooth device through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can reach following beneficial effect:
1) the feeding mechanism has the advantages that the structure is simple, the design is ingenious, feeding of a plurality of clamps in the tooth returning machining mechanism can be met through material distributing operation of the material distributing mechanism, and a plurality of spring chucks can perform tooth returning machining simultaneously, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved;
2) the whole operation process adopts full-automatic feeding and discharging, so that automatic production operation is realized;
3) the labor is saved, the danger is reduced, and the benefit is improved.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an example provided by the collet chuck tooth returning device of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a partial structural schematic of fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the bottom plate, 2, the fifth telescopic cylinder, 4, first have the material inductor, 5, the material loading spout, 6, the telescopic cylinder of second, 7, first telescopic cylinder, 8, divide the flitch, 9, link up the spout, 10, the telescopic cylinder of third, 11, the second has the material inductor, 12, die clamping cylinder, 13, anchor clamps, 14, the fixed bolster, 15, the telescopic cylinder of fourth, 16, the motor, 17, the motor cabinet, 18, the digging arm, 19, the rotor arm, 20, the rotation support post, 21, the movable support frame.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved method and apparatus for operating a computer.
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description. In the preferred embodiments, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "middle" and "a" are used for the sake of clarity only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, its relative relationship between the terms and their derivatives, and the scope of the invention should be understood as being limited by the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the collet chuck tooth returning device includes a bottom plate 1, and a feeding mechanism, a material distributing mechanism and a tooth returning processing mechanism which are arranged on the bottom plate 1, wherein:
the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding chute 5 which is obliquely arranged so that a spring chuck at the feeding side slides down to the material distributing mechanism along the feeding chute 5 under the action of gravity;
feed mechanism, including dividing the flitch 8, link up spout 9, first telescopic cylinder 7 and second telescopic cylinder 6, first telescopic cylinder 7 is connected with branch flitch 8 and is used for promoting branch flitch 8 at the export below horizontal slip of material loading spout 5, link up spout 9 and 6 quantitative unanimity of second telescopic cylinder and be two at least respectively, all link up spout 9 and set up in one side of dividing flitch 8 along the slip direction interval that divides flitch 8, second telescopic cylinder 6 sets up in the opposite side of dividing flitch 8 along the slip direction interval that divides flitch 8, and link up spout 9 and 6 one-to-one of second telescopic cylinder, be equipped with on the branch flitch 8 and accept the groove, second telescopic cylinder 6 is arranged in pushing into its linking spout 9 that corresponds with the collet that accepts in the groove, this feed mechanism is at the theory of operation: when the spring chucks sliding down from the feeding chute 5 fall into the receiving chute, the first telescopic cylinder 7 extends or retracts to move the receiving chute to a specified connecting chute 9, then the second telescopic cylinder 6 corresponding to the connecting chute 9 pushes the spring chucks in the receiving chute into the connecting chute 9, then the first telescopic cylinder 7 and the second telescopic cylinder 6 return to the position respectively to complete one-time material distribution operation and wait for the next material distribution, and the material distribution receiving chute is moved to move the spring chucks to each connecting chute 9 in sequence according to a control system instruction by moving the material distribution plate 8 so as to realize material distribution and feeding according to the requirements of each clamp 13 in the tooth returning machining mechanism, thereby meeting the requirement of simultaneous machining of a plurality of clamps 13;
the tooth returning machining mechanism comprises clamps 13 which correspond to the connecting chutes 9 one by one, and clamping cylinders 12, third telescopic cylinders 10, fourth telescopic cylinders 15 and motors 16 which are matched with each clamp 13, wherein machining hole sites which penetrate through the clamps 13 up and down are arranged on the clamps, the machining hole sites are used for receiving spring chucks which slide down from the corresponding connecting chutes 9, the third telescopic cylinders 10 and the fourth telescopic cylinders 15 are respectively fixed on the side surfaces of the clamps 13, clamping jaws of the clamping cylinders 12 are positioned in the machining hole sites and used for clamping the spring chucks to be machined, a baffle is arranged at the front end of a piston rod of the third telescopic cylinder 10 and used for blocking or opening a lower outlet of the machining hole sites, the fourth telescopic cylinders 15 are arranged above the clamps 13 and used for driving the motors 16 to ascend and descend, a rotating shaft of the motors 16 faces downwards and is connected with screw taps used for performing tooth returning machining on the spring chucks in the machining hole sites, the working principle of the tooth returning processing mechanism is as follows: the third telescopic cylinder 10 extends out to enable the baffle plate to block the lower opening of the processing hole site, when the collet chuck sliding down from the linking chute 9 vertically falls into the processing hole site, the fixture 13 is further provided with a second material sensor 11 for detecting the machining hole (the second material sensor 11 can be a photoelectric sensor), when the second material sensor 11 detects that the material is fed into the processing hole, the clamping cylinder 12 clamps the spring chuck, meanwhile, the fourth telescopic cylinder 15 drives the motor 16 to descend, after the motor 16 descends in place, the screw tap is rotated to perform tooth returning processing on the spring chuck, the processing is completed, the fourth telescopic cylinder 15 drives the motor 16 to ascend and return, the third telescopic cylinder 10 retracts to open the lower opening of the processing hole site, finally, the clamping cylinder 12 is loosened, the spring chuck falls from the lower opening of the processing hole site, and in the concrete implementation, the lower opening of the processing hole site is further connected with a discharge hole and a material collecting box.
In the concrete implementation, feed mechanism's feed chute 5 is the circular arc structure, feed chute 5's pan feeding mouth is located horizontal tangential direction, feed mechanism still includes first material inductor 4 (this first material inductor 4 that has can be photoelectric sensor) and fifth telescopic cylinder 2, first material inductor 4 that has is installed on the lateral wall of feed chute 5's pan feeding mouth department, fifth telescopic cylinder 2 is fixed in the pan feeding mouth front side of feed chute 5, fifth telescopic cylinder 2's piston rod is towards 5 pan feeding mouths of feed chute for the collet chuck that the horizontal promotion is located 5 pan feeding mouths of feed chute. In the working process, when the first material sensor 4 senses the material, the piston push rod of the fifth telescopic cylinder 2 extends out, so that the spring chuck automatically slides down by gravity after the feeding chute 5 moves for a section, and then falls into the receiving groove of the material distributing plate 8.
In specific implementation, a sliding seat is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate 1, the material distribution plate 8 is slidably arranged on the sliding seat, the first telescopic cylinder 7 is fixed on the sliding seat or the bottom plate 1, and a piston push rod of the first telescopic cylinder 7 is connected with the material distribution plate 8.
In specific implementation, a fixed support frame 14 is arranged on the bottom plate 1, a fourth telescopic cylinder 15 is vertically fixed on the fixed support frame 14 downwards, and a motor 16 is connected with a piston push rod of the fourth telescopic cylinder 15 through a motor base 17. Still be equipped with movable support frame 21 on bottom plate 1, movable support frame 21 includes rotation support post 20, rotor arm 19 and digging arm 18, and rotation support post 20 is vertical to be fixed on bottom plate 1, and rotor arm 19 level sets up and connects on rotation support post 20's top, and the both ends of digging arm 18 are articulated with rotor arm 19 and motor cabinet 17 respectively. All the fourth telescopic cylinders 15 are arranged on the same fixed support frame 14, each motor 16 is correspondingly connected with one movable support frame 21, the motors 16 move up and down in the telescopic process of the fourth telescopic cylinders 15, the movable support frames 21 are located on the side surfaces of the fixed support frames 14 and move up and down along with the motors 16, and meanwhile, the stability of the motors 16 is supported.
It should be noted that the present invention also includes a control system for controlling the moving components of the feeding mechanism, the separating mechanism and the tooth returning mechanism, and the control system can be any controller capable of implementing the above functions in the prior art, so the specific structure is not specifically described here.
Although specific embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that these are merely examples and that many changes and modifications may be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.