CN106735328A - A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device - Google Patents

A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106735328A
CN106735328A CN201611188814.8A CN201611188814A CN106735328A CN 106735328 A CN106735328 A CN 106735328A CN 201611188814 A CN201611188814 A CN 201611188814A CN 106735328 A CN106735328 A CN 106735328A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straight line
line module
feeding
transmission
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611188814.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘晶晶
于国斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dalian Demaishi Precision Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Dalian Demaishi Precision Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dalian Demaishi Precision Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Dalian Demaishi Precision Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611188814.8A priority Critical patent/CN106735328A/en
Publication of CN106735328A publication Critical patent/CN106735328A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B13/00Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock
    • B23B13/02Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock for turning-machines with a single working-spindle
    • B23B13/021Feeding device having intermittent movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B13/00Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock
    • B23B13/12Accessories, e.g. stops, grippers
    • B23B13/123Grippers, pushers or guiding tubes
    • B23B13/125Feed collets

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Feeding Of Workpieces (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device, including organic frame, transfer assembly, loading assemblies and blanking component, wherein transfer assembly includes transmission straight line module, transmission cylinder and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw, loading assemblies include feeding straight line module one, feeding straight line module two, support base, oscillating cylinder, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two, the one end of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets material component, and the blanking component includes blanking box and blanking cylinder.The present invention need not change fixture with loading and unloading efficiency high compared with prior art, and safety coefficient is high, low cost and other advantages.

Description

A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device
Technical field is the present invention relates to a kind of mechanical device, more particularly to a kind of handling equipment.
Background technology lathe is high, simple to operate, wide, suitable using scope with converted products high precision, efficiency high, cost performance The field of mechanical processing industry has progressively been captured with advantages such as batch productions.In order to the continuity for improving lathe production is used entirely certainly Dynamic charging & discharging machine is even more important, and current lathe main will use artificial loading and unloading, and minority uses robot loading and unloading.It is artificial upper and lower The concrete operation method lathe of material is processed every time, is manually opened lathe door and is changed processing workpiece, is closed lathe door and is continued Processing.The drawbacks of this kind of material-uploading style is present is, because artificial origin causes positioning inaccurate, to influence machining accuracy, labour intensity Greatly, high cost, safety coefficient is low.Robot loading and unloading, replace artificial loading and unloading, and advantage is to reduce operator's work to emphasize, is pacified Overall coefficient is high, has the disadvantage high processing costs, and the workpiece of different size needs to change different fixtures.
The content of the invention is high it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of not only machining accuracy, loading and unloading efficiency high, Er Qiewu Fixture need to be changed, safety coefficient is high, the lathe automatic loading and unloading device of low cost.
Concrete technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
The invention mainly comprises organic frame, transfer assembly, loading assemblies and blanking component, wherein transfer assembly is included Transmission straight line module, transmission cylinder and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw, transmission straight line module are horizontally set in frame, and the transmission is straight Transmission cylinder upward is set on the slide unit of line module, the piston portion of the transmission cylinder sets transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw upward;Above-mentioned biography The side of straight line module is sent to set loading assemblies, the loading assemblies include feeding straight line module one, feeding straight line module two, support Seat, oscillating cylinder, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two, wherein feeding straight line module one are horizontally set on frame On, support base is set on the slide unit of the feeding straight line module one, the bottom of the support base and the slide unit phase of feeding straight line module one Connect, the side of support base sets the feeding straight line module two vertical with feeding straight line module one, the slide unit of the feeding straight line module two Connect with the side of support base, oscillating cylinder is set on the guide rail of feeding straight line module two, the oscillating cylinder and feeding straight line module Two slide unit is oppositely arranged, and the piston end of the oscillating cylinder sets installing plate, the installing plate be provided with two be oppositely arranged it is upper Material Pneumatic clamping jaw one and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two, the feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two are straight with above-mentioned transmission Line module is vertically arranged;The one end of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets material component, the blanking component include blanking box and Blanking cylinder, the blanking box is inclined at the side of above-mentioned transmission cylinder, and the feed end of blanking box is higher than discharge end, under it Portion is provided with blanking cylinder, is arranged on the piston of frame loading and unloading cylinder towards transmission cylinder, and the piston end of the blanking cylinder passes through Connecting plate connects with blanking box, and the feed end of the blanking box has two openings of bar shaped, and the two are open and transmission pneumatic clamps The clamping part of pawl is corresponding.
Used as a preferred scheme of the invention, the outlet end of the blanking box is provided with conveyer, the transmission of conveyer It is corresponding with the discharge end of blanking box with one end.
Entirety of the invention can realize the continuous sex work between each module and cylinder by PLC controls, be especially suitable for axle class Part carries out lathe process, and ordering, automation are realized in feeding, blanking.
The present invention has the following advantages that compared with prior art:
1st, automation loading and unloading are fully achieved, is taken for artificial operation, reduce labor strength, complete coefficient is high;
2nd, the orderly loading and unloading of all size part are can adapt to, without changing fixture, is not influenceed by site environment;
3rd, lathe process without waiting for, can be high with Continuous maching, machining accuracy, greatly improve processing efficiency, reduce production Cost;
4th, it is simple to operate, safeguard and easy to maintenance, with low cost, long service life.
Brief description of the drawings Fig. 1 is original state schematic front view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is original state left view schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3 is original state schematic top plan view of the invention.
Fig. 4 is feeding device schematic rear view (original state) of the invention.
Fig. 5 is feeding device operating diagram (overlook direction) of the invention.
Fig. 6 is blanking device operating diagram (overlook direction) of the invention.
Next specific embodiment just elaborates with reference to accompanying drawing to the present invention
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, the lathe automatic loading and unloading device shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, transfer assembly includes transmission straight line mould Group 101, transmission cylinder 102 and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw 103, wherein transmission straight line module 101 is horizontally set in frame 4, institute Transmission cylinder 102 upward is set on the slide unit for stating transmission straight line module, the transmission that the piston portion of the transmission cylinder sets upward is pneumatic Clamping jaw 103;The side of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets loading assemblies, the loading assemblies include feeding straight line module 1, on Material straight line module 2 202, support base 203, oscillating cylinder 204, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw 1 and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw 2 206, Wherein feeding straight line module 1 is horizontally set in frame 4, and support base 203 is set on the slide unit of the feeding straight line module one, The bottom of the support base connects with the slide unit of feeding straight line module one, and the side of support base sets vertical with feeding straight line module one Feeding straight line module 2 202, the slide unit 202-1 of the feeding straight line module two connects with the side of support base, feeding straight line module Oscillating cylinder 204 is set on two guide rail 202-2, the oscillating cylinder is oppositely arranged with the slide unit of feeding straight line module two, the pendulum The piston end of cylinder of taking offence sets installing plate 207, the installing plate be provided with two feeding Pneumatic clamping jaws 1 being oppositely arranged and on Material Pneumatic clamping jaw 2 206, the feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two are vertical with above-mentioned transmission straight line module 101 to be set Put;The one end of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets material component, the blanking component include blanking box 301, blanking cylinder 302 with And conveyer 303, the blanking box 301 is inclined at the side of above-mentioned transmission cylinder 102, and the feed end of blanking box is higher than Material end, its underpart is provided with blanking cylinder 302, is arranged on the piston direction transmission cylinder 102 of the loading and unloading cylinder of frame 4, the blanking The piston end of cylinder is connected by connecting plate 304 with blanking box, and the feed end of the blanking box has two opening 301- of bar shaped 1, the two openings are corresponding with the clamping part of transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw 103, and the outlet end of the blanking box is provided with conveyer 303, conveyer belt one end of conveyer is corresponding with the discharge end of blanking box.
The course of work of above-mentioned lathe automatic loading and unloading device approximately as:
Transmission straight line module drives transmission cylinder to reach near feeding straight line module two first, make transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw with it is upper The material correspondence of Pneumatic clamping jaw one, workpiece is clamped by transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw first, and transmission air cylinder driven transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw is moved upwards, Feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one works, clamping workpiece, and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw falls, and feeding straight line module two works, due to feeding straight line The slide unit of module two is fixed on support base, then realize the guide rail movement of feeding straight line module two, and workpiece follows feeding straight line mould The guide rail of group two is moved to the feeding end (referring to Fig. 5) of lathe, and feeding straight line module one works, and workpiece is completed feeding;Then The guide rail of feeding straight line module two returns to initial position;
Above-mentioned action is repeated, as shown in figure 5, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw 1 clamps a new workpiece 501 enters lathe 6, Lathe provides a workpiece 502 for processing, and oscillating cylinder 204 swings 180 °, and the crawl of feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two first is processed Workpiece, oscillating cylinder swings 180 ° again, and then feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one processes new workpiece feeding lathe feeding end Workpiece by feeding straight line module 2 202 guide rail send out.
The workpiece for processing is sent to the initial position of feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two, and oscillating cylinder swings 180 °, and feeding is pneumatic The clamping workpiece of clamping jaw two is then transported on straight line module and drives transmission cylinder to reach feeding pneumatic clamps to the top for transmitting straight line module The corresponding correspondence position of pawl two, transmission air cylinder driven transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw is moved upwards, and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw clamps workpiece, on Material Pneumatic clamping jaw two resets, and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw falls, and is then transported on straight line module and drives transmission cylinder to reach initial position.
As shown in fig. 6, after the transmission clamping workpiece 502 of Pneumatic clamping jaw 103 reaches initial position, blanking cylinder operation, by under Magazine 301 is released, and the opening 301-1 on blanking box is inserted the clamping part of transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw, is then transported on Pneumatic clamping jaw pine Gone into operation part, and workpiece is tumbled to conveyer 303 by blanking box, and transmission cylinder 102 resets, and completes a circulation for loading and unloading, accurate It is standby to enter next loading and unloading circulation.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device, it is characterized in that:Including organic frame, transfer assembly, loading assemblies and blanking group Part, wherein transfer assembly include transmission straight line module, transmission cylinder and transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw, and transmission straight line module level sets Put in frame, transmission cylinder upward is set on the slide unit of the transmission straight line module, the piston portion of the transmission cylinder sets upward Transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw;The side of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets loading assemblies, and the loading assemblies include feeding straight line module First, feeding straight line module two, support base, oscillating cylinder, feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two, wherein feeding are straight Line module one is horizontally set in frame, and support base is set on the slide unit of the feeding straight line module one, the bottom of the support base with The slide unit of feeding straight line module one connects, and the side of support base sets the feeding straight line module two vertical with feeding straight line module one, The slide unit of the feeding straight line module two connects with the side of support base, and oscillating cylinder is set on the guide rail of feeding straight line module two, should Oscillating cylinder is oppositely arranged with the slide unit of feeding straight line module two, and the piston end of the oscillating cylinder sets installing plate, the installing plate It is provided with the two feeding Pneumatic clamping jaws one and feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw two being oppositely arranged, the feeding Pneumatic clamping jaw one, feeding gas Dynamic clamping jaw two is vertically arranged with above-mentioned transmission straight line module;The one end of above-mentioned transmission straight line module sets material component, under this Material component includes blanking box and blanking cylinder, and the blanking box is inclined at the side of above-mentioned transmission cylinder, blanking box Feed end be higher than discharge end, its underpart is provided with blanking cylinder, is arranged on the piston of frame loading and unloading cylinder towards transmission cylinder, The piston end of the blanking cylinder is connected by connecting plate with blanking box, and the feed end of the blanking box has two openings of bar shaped, The two openings are corresponding with the clamping part of transmission Pneumatic clamping jaw.
2. lathe automatic loading and unloading device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The outlet end of the blanking box is provided with Conveyer, conveyer belt one end of conveyer is corresponding with the discharge end of blanking box.
CN201611188814.8A 2016-12-21 2016-12-21 A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device Pending CN106735328A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611188814.8A CN106735328A (en) 2016-12-21 2016-12-21 A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611188814.8A CN106735328A (en) 2016-12-21 2016-12-21 A kind of lathe automatic loading and unloading device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106735328A true CN106735328A (en) 2017-05-31

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108693197A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-10-23 杭州雷神激光技术有限公司 All-aluminium piston automatic detection device and its operating method
CN109226868A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-18 泰州驰骏智能设备有限公司 A kind of method of the short size blank materials in the tube of automatic cutting

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2048406B2 (en) * 1970-10-02 1977-03-31 Azuma Sangyo Co. Ltd., Tokio Rod material feed mechanism - has push rod with permanent connection to feed motor and disconnectable connection with continuous travel drive motor
JPS5833042B2 (en) * 1975-07-29 1983-07-16 ヒタチセイキ カブシキガイシヤ Sensaku Kosaku Kikaino Bouzai Hikidashi Souchi
CN2201200Y (en) * 1994-09-24 1995-06-21 汪文钦 Bench lathe having automatic feeding and discharging
CN101417344A (en) * 2007-10-25 2009-04-29 沈高明 Lathe automatic feeding device for axle machining
CN203281885U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-11-13 湖北广达机床有限公司 Automatic bar feeding machine
CN104470660A (en) * 2012-06-22 2015-03-25 库奇乔瓦尼公司 Apparatus for feeding bars to a machine tool
CN104741630A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-01 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading device for lathe
CN104841957A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-19 泰安海威数控机床有限公司 Automatic industrial robot feeding and discharging production line for numerically-controlled machine tools
CN204735719U (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-11-04 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of lathe
CN105397111A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-16 无锡职业技术学院 Lathe feeding and discharging auxiliary equipment

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2048406B2 (en) * 1970-10-02 1977-03-31 Azuma Sangyo Co. Ltd., Tokio Rod material feed mechanism - has push rod with permanent connection to feed motor and disconnectable connection with continuous travel drive motor
JPS5833042B2 (en) * 1975-07-29 1983-07-16 ヒタチセイキ カブシキガイシヤ Sensaku Kosaku Kikaino Bouzai Hikidashi Souchi
CN2201200Y (en) * 1994-09-24 1995-06-21 汪文钦 Bench lathe having automatic feeding and discharging
CN101417344A (en) * 2007-10-25 2009-04-29 沈高明 Lathe automatic feeding device for axle machining
CN104470660A (en) * 2012-06-22 2015-03-25 库奇乔瓦尼公司 Apparatus for feeding bars to a machine tool
CN203281885U (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-11-13 湖北广达机床有限公司 Automatic bar feeding machine
CN104741630A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-01 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading device for lathe
CN204735719U (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-11-04 满城县永红铸造机械有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of lathe
CN104841957A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-08-19 泰安海威数控机床有限公司 Automatic industrial robot feeding and discharging production line for numerically-controlled machine tools
CN105397111A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-16 无锡职业技术学院 Lathe feeding and discharging auxiliary equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108693197A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-10-23 杭州雷神激光技术有限公司 All-aluminium piston automatic detection device and its operating method
CN108693197B (en) * 2018-08-20 2024-01-05 杭州雷神激光技术有限公司 Automatic detection device for aluminum alloy piston and operation method thereof
CN109226868A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-18 泰州驰骏智能设备有限公司 A kind of method of the short size blank materials in the tube of automatic cutting

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Application publication date: 20170531