CN210218571U - Road energy collecting mechanism - Google Patents

Road energy collecting mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210218571U
CN210218571U CN201921117175.5U CN201921117175U CN210218571U CN 210218571 U CN210218571 U CN 210218571U CN 201921117175 U CN201921117175 U CN 201921117175U CN 210218571 U CN210218571 U CN 210218571U
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gear
ball bearing
driving shaft
main driving
shaft
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CN201921117175.5U
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Inventor
Mengdie Sun
孙梦蝶
Wei Wang
王伟
Tianming Zhang
张天明
Zutao Zhang
张祖涛
Dabing Luo
罗大兵
Yajia Pan
潘亚嘉
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The utility model provides a road energy collecting mechanism relates to transducing mechanism design technical field. The inner walls of the two ends of the split type horizontal roller are respectively provided with a left inner gear and a right inner gear; the left end of the main driving shaft is fixed with a vertical plate on the left side of the split type box body through a left small angular contact ball bearing; the right small angular contact ball bearing inner ring is in interference fit with a main driving shaft, and the right end of the main driving shaft is connected with a generator input shaft through a coupler; a main driving shaft at the inner side of the left small angular contact ball bearing is provided with a left straight gear meshed with a first small planetary gear, the first small planetary gear is meshed with a second small planetary gear with a half shaft, and a shaft of the second small planetary gear is fixed with a vertical plate at the left side of the box body through a second small deep groove ball bearing; the second pinion planet gear is meshed with the left internal gear; a main driving shaft at the inner side of the left straight gear is provided with a left large-angle contact ball bearing, and an outer ring is fixed with the inner wall of the left side of the horizontal roller; the transmission structure on the right side of the horizontal roller is similar to that on the left side. The method is used for road energy collection.

Description

Road energy collecting mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an transduction mechanism designs technical field.
Background
In recent years, energy shortage and environmental pollution have attracted much attention. The development and utilization of clean energy sources such as solar energy and wind energy are increasingly paid attention by many countries. The road energy collection is a novel clean energy technology with development potential, and can collect partial kinetic energy when a vehicle passes through and convert the partial kinetic energy into electric energy under the condition that the normal running of the vehicle is not influenced. The road energy collection technology can be used for power supply of road side equipment such as monitoring and sensors, so that electric energy is effectively saved, and power loss and construction cost of long-distance power transmission are avoided.
According to the search, there is a related road energy collecting device, such as the chinese utility model patent with patent number CN106194622A entitled "a mechanical deceleration strip power generation device", which is composed of a motion form transformation part, a timing part and an energy storage and power generation part, and the device has the following disadvantages: firstly, the deceleration strip part protrudes out of the ground, so that jolt can be generated when a vehicle passes by, and the riding comfort of passengers on the vehicle is influenced; secondly, the device has a complex internal structure, is easy to generate faults, is not easy to maintain and has low reliability.
As also called a chinese utility model patent with patent No. CN208455514U entitled "a road deceleration strip and energy recovery device thereof", the device generates electricity through a deceleration strip plate, a fixed support plate, a support rod, a damper and a generator, and has two problems, firstly, due to the existence of the damper, a part of energy of a vehicle passing by can be dissipated in the form of heat energy, and the energy collection efficiency is too low; secondly, when the vehicle passes through in the forward direction, the speed reduction belt plate rotates around the end pin of the fixed support rod, so that cyclic stress is generated between the damper movable rod and the damper cylinder barrel, fatigue loss is easy to generate, and the service life is short
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a road energy collecting mechanism, it can solve the car effectively and produce the problem of jolting through traditional road energy acquisition mechanism.
The purpose of the utility model is realized like this: a road energy collecting mechanism comprises a split type box body consisting of an upper box body and a lower box body, wherein a vertical plate is arranged on the right side inside the split type box body, a split type horizontal roller is arranged in a left box body, the split type horizontal roller comprises an upper part and a lower part, the upper part and the lower part are fixed through bolts, and a left inner gear and a right inner gear are respectively arranged on the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the split type horizontal roller; the top of the horizontal roller is positioned in the rectangular hole and is flush with the upper surface of the upper box body; the left end of the main driving shaft is fixed with a vertical plate on the left side of the split type box body through a left small angular contact ball bearing; the right small angular contact ball bearing inner ring is in interference fit with the main driving shaft, the right small angular contact ball bearing outer ring is fixed with the vertical plate, and the right end of the main driving shaft is connected with the input shaft of the generator through a coupler; a main driving shaft at the inner side of the left small angular contact ball bearing is provided with a left straight gear meshed with a small planetary gear I with a half shaft, and the left straight gear is in interference fit with the main driving shaft through an inner ring of a left one-way bearing; the first small planetary gear with the half shaft is fixed with the left vertical plate of the box body through a first small deep groove ball bearing, the first small planetary gear with the half shaft is meshed with a second small planetary gear with the half shaft, and a shaft of the second small planetary gear with the half shaft is fixed with the left vertical plate of the box body through a second small deep groove ball bearing; the second pinion planet gear is meshed with the left internal gear; a main driving shaft at the inner side of the left straight gear is provided with a left large-angle contact ball bearing, the inner ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing is in interference fit with the main driving shaft, and the outer ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing is fixed with the inner wall of the left side of the horizontal roller; the outer ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing is fixed with the inner wall of the right side of the horizontal roller, the inner ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing is in interference fit with the main driving shaft, the main driving shaft on the right side of the right large-angle contact ball bearing is provided with a right straight gear meshed with the large planetary gear, and the right straight gear is in interference fit with the main driving shaft through the inner ring of the right one-way bearing; the big planetary gear is meshed with the right internal gear; the large planetary gear is in interference fit with the gear shaft, and the gear shaft is fixed with the vertical plate through the large deep groove ball bearing.
The generator is fixed with the platform on the right side of the lower box body.
The left one-way bearing and the right one-way bearing are arranged in a reverse direction.
The utility model discloses a working process and principle: this device sets up in two-way lane, inlays in the whole box below the road surface, the upper surface and the road surface parallel and level of box upper cover.
When the vehicle tire comes into contact with the main roller, the main roller rotates by being pushed by the vehicle tire. And when viewed from the side of the vertical plate at the left side of the box body, the main roller can rotate clockwise or anticlockwise around the main driving shaft.
The motion conditions of the internal parts of the main roller when the main roller rotates clockwise and anticlockwise are described as follows:
when the main roller wheel rotates clockwise, the left inner gear fixed at the left end of the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller wheel and drives the second small planetary gear to rotate anticlockwise, the second small planetary gear drives the first small planetary gear to rotate clockwise, and the first small planetary gear further drives the left straight gear to rotate anticlockwise. Because the left one-way bearing is arranged in the left straight gear, the left one-way bearing is in a meshed state and can transmit anticlockwise torque to the main driving shaft, so that the main driving shaft is driven to rotate anticlockwise; meanwhile, a right inner gear fixed at the right end of the main roller rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller and drives the large planetary gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the large planetary gear further drives the right straight gear to rotate clockwise. Because the right straight gear is internally provided with the right one-way bearing, and the action directions of the right one-way bearing and the left one-way bearing are opposite, at the moment, the right one-way bearing is in a non-meshing state, the right straight gear cannot transmit clockwise torque to the main driving shaft, and the main driving shaft rotates clockwise; the main driving shaft drives the generator shaft to rotate clockwise through the coupler and generate electric energy.
When the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise, the left inner gear fixed at the left end of the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller wheel and drives the second small planetary gear to rotate anticlockwise, the second small planetary gear drives the first small planetary gear to rotate clockwise, and the first small planetary gear further drives the left straight gear to rotate anticlockwise. Because the left one-way bearing is arranged in the left straight gear, the left one-way bearing is in a non-meshed state and cannot transmit anticlockwise torque to the main driving shaft, and therefore the main driving shaft cannot be driven to rotate anticlockwise; meanwhile, a right inner gear fixed at the right end of the main roller rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller and drives the large planetary gear to rotate anticlockwise, and the large planetary gear further drives the right straight gear to rotate clockwise. Because the right one-way bearing is arranged in the right straight gear, and the acting directions of the right one-way bearing and the left one-way bearing are opposite, at the moment, the right one-way bearing is in a meshed state, the right straight gear can transmit clockwise torque to the main driving shaft, and the main driving shaft is driven to rotate clockwise; the main driving shaft drives the generator shaft to rotate clockwise through the coupler and generate electric energy. Therefore, the generator shaft always rotates clockwise no matter which direction the vehicle passes through the device.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model can effectively solve the problem that the automobile jolts through the traditional road collecting mechanism; the device basically does not protrude out of the road surface, does not cause discomfort of passengers and has higher efficiency. No matter which direction the vehicle passes through the device, the clockwise rotation and the anticlockwise rotation of the main roller are converted into the unidirectional rotation of the generator through a series of mechanical structures, so that power generation is carried out, and power is supplied to maintenance equipment, monitoring devices, sensors and the like beside a road.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall appearance diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an internal structure view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a first internal structure diagram of the integral main roller of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a second internal structure diagram of the whole main roller of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the road energy collecting mechanism comprises a split type box body consisting of an upper box body 2 and a lower box body 1, wherein a vertical plate 25 is arranged on the right side inside the split type box body, a split type horizontal roller is arranged in the box body on the left side, the split type horizontal roller comprises a roller upper part 3 and a roller lower part 4, and the split type horizontal roller is fixed through a bolt 26, and the road energy collecting mechanism is characterized in that: the inner walls of the left and right ends of the split horizontal roller are respectively provided with a left inner gear 5 and a right inner gear 13; the upper surface of the upper box body 2 is provided with a rectangular hole, and the top of the horizontal roller is positioned in the rectangular hole and is flush with the upper surface of the upper box body 2; the left end of the main driving shaft 8 is fixed with a left vertical plate of the split type box body through a left small angular contact ball bearing 7; the inner ring of the right small angular contact ball bearing 18 is in interference fit with the main driving shaft 8, the outer ring of the right small angular contact ball bearing 18 is fixed with the vertical plate 25, and the right end of the main driving shaft 8 is connected with the input shaft of the generator 15 through a coupler 17; a main driving shaft 8 at the inner side of the left small angular contact ball bearing 7 is provided with a left straight gear 6 meshed with a small planetary gear I9 with a half shaft, and the left straight gear 6 is in interference fit with the main driving shaft 8 through an inner ring of a left one-way bearing 21; the small planetary gear I9 with the half shaft is fixed with the vertical plate at the left side of the box body through a small deep groove ball bearing I11, the small planetary gear I9 with the half shaft is meshed with a small planetary gear II 10 with the half shaft, and the shaft of the small planetary gear II 10 with the half shaft is fixed with the vertical plate at the left side of the box body through a small deep groove ball bearing II 12; the second pinion 10 is meshed with the left internal gear 5; the main driving shaft 8 at the inner side of the left straight gear 6 is provided with a left large-angle contact ball bearing 22, the inner ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing 22 is in interference fit with the main driving shaft 8, and the outer ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing is fixed with the left inner wall of the horizontal roller; the outer ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing 23 is fixed with the inner wall of the right side of the horizontal roller, the inner ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing 23 is in interference fit with the main driving shaft 8, the main driving shaft 8 on the right side of the right large-angle contact ball bearing 23 is provided with a right straight gear 14 meshed with the large planetary gear 16, and the right straight gear 14 is in interference fit with the main driving shaft 8 through the inner ring of the right one-way bearing 24; the large planetary gear 16 is meshed with the right internal gear 13; the large planetary gear 16 is in interference fit with the gear shaft 20, and the gear shaft 20 is fixed with the vertical plate 25 through the large deep groove ball bearing 19.
The generator 15 is fixed with a platform on the right side of the lower box body 1; the left one-way bearing 21 and the right one-way bearing 24 are arranged in opposite directions.
The utility model discloses a roll formula road energy acquisition mechanism, including box, main gyro wheel, motion conversion mechanism and generator 15. The box body consists of an upper box body 2 and a lower box body 1, and the main roller consists of an upper roller 3 and a lower roller 4. The motion conversion mechanism includes a main drive shaft 8, left and right internal gears 13, left and right spur gears 6, 14, and a large planetary gear 16.
Through the action of a left wheel system consisting of a left internal gear 5, a small planetary gear II 10, a small planetary gear I9 and a left straight gear 6, a right wheel system consisting of a right internal gear 13, a large planetary gear 16 and a right straight gear 14, and two left one-way bearings 21 and right one-way bearings 24 which are opposite in direction, the generator 15 always rotates towards one direction no matter the main roller rotates in the positive direction or in the reverse direction, the energy loss generated when the generator 15 changes the direction is avoided, and the service life of the generator 15 is prolonged.
The utility model discloses a working process and principle: this device sets up in two-way lane, inlays in the whole box below the road surface, goes up the upper surface and the road surface parallel and level of box 2. When the vehicle tire comes into contact with the main roller, the main roller rotates by being pushed by the vehicle tire. The main roller rotates clockwise or counterclockwise around the main driving shaft 8 when seen from the side of the vertical plate at the left side of the box body.
The motion conditions of the internal parts of the main roller when the main roller rotates clockwise and anticlockwise are described as follows:
when the main roller wheel rotates clockwise, the left inner gear 5 fixed at the left end of the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller wheel and drives the second pinion 10 to rotate anticlockwise, the second pinion 10 drives the first pinion 9 to rotate clockwise, and the first pinion 9 further drives the left spur gear 6 to rotate anticlockwise. Because the left one-way bearing 21 is arranged in the left straight gear 6, the left one-way bearing 21 is in a meshed state and can transmit anticlockwise torque to the main driving shaft 8, so that the main driving shaft 8 is driven to rotate anticlockwise; meanwhile, the right internal gear 13 fixed at the right end of the main roller rotates counterclockwise along with the main roller and drives the large planetary gear 16 to rotate counterclockwise, and the large planetary gear 16 further drives the right spur gear 14 to rotate clockwise. Because the right straight gear 14 is internally provided with the right one-way bearing 24, and the acting directions of the right one-way bearing 24 and the left one-way bearing 21 are opposite, at the moment, the right one-way bearing 24 is in a non-meshing state, the right straight gear 14 cannot transmit clockwise torque to the main driving shaft 8, and the main driving shaft 8 rotates clockwise; the main driving shaft 8 drives the generator 15 shaft to rotate clockwise through the coupling 17 and generate electric energy.
When the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise, the left inner gear 5 fixed at the left end of the main roller wheel rotates anticlockwise along with the main roller wheel and drives the second pinion 10 to rotate anticlockwise, the second pinion 10 drives the first pinion 9 to rotate clockwise, and the first pinion 9 further drives the left spur gear 6 to rotate anticlockwise. Because the left one-way bearing 21 is arranged in the left straight gear 6, the left one-way bearing 21 is in a non-meshing state and cannot transmit anticlockwise torque to the main driving shaft 8, and therefore the main driving shaft 8 cannot be driven to rotate anticlockwise; meanwhile, the right internal gear 13 fixed at the right end of the main roller rotates counterclockwise along with the main roller and drives the large planetary gear 16 to rotate counterclockwise, and the large planetary gear 16 further drives the right spur gear 14 to rotate clockwise. Because the right straight gear 14 is internally provided with the right one-way bearing 24, and the acting directions of the right one-way bearing 24 and the left one-way bearing 21 are opposite, at the moment, the right one-way bearing 24 is in a meshing state, the right straight gear 14 can transmit clockwise torque to the main driving shaft 8, so that the main driving shaft 8 is driven to rotate clockwise; the main driving shaft 8 drives the generator 15 shaft to rotate clockwise through the coupling 17 and generate electric energy. Therefore, the generator 15 shaft always rotates clockwise no matter which direction the vehicle passes through the device.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model can effectively solve the problem that the automobile jolts through the traditional road collecting mechanism; the device basically does not protrude out of the road surface, does not cause discomfort of passengers and has higher efficiency. Regardless of the direction from which the vehicle passes through the device, the clockwise rotation and the counterclockwise rotation of the main roller are converted into unidirectional rotation of the generator 15 through a series of mechanical structures, so that power generation is performed, and power is supplied to maintenance equipment, monitoring devices, sensors and the like beside the road.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a road energy collects mechanism, includes the split type box that comprises last box (2) and lower box (1), split type box inside is equipped with riser (25) on the right side, is equipped with split type horizontal drum in the box of left side, split type horizontal drum includes cylinder upper portion (3) and cylinder lower part (4), and they are fixed its characterized in that through bolt (26): the inner walls of the left end and the right end of the split horizontal roller are respectively provided with a left inner gear (5) and a right inner gear (13); the upper surface of the upper box body (2) is provided with a rectangular hole, and the top of the horizontal roller is positioned in the rectangular hole and is flush with the upper surface of the upper box body (2); the left end of the main driving shaft (8) is fixed with a left vertical plate of the split type box body through a left small angular contact ball bearing (7); the inner ring of the right small angular contact ball bearing (18) is in interference fit with the main driving shaft (8), the outer ring of the right small angular contact ball bearing (18) is fixed with the vertical plate (25), and the right end of the main driving shaft (8) is connected with an input shaft of the generator (15) through a coupler (17); a main driving shaft (8) at the inner side of the left small angular contact ball bearing (7) is provided with a left straight gear (6) which is meshed with a first small planetary gear (9) with a half shaft, and the left straight gear (6) is in interference fit with the main driving shaft (8) through an inner ring of a left one-way bearing (21); the small planetary gear I (9) with the half shaft is fixed with the left vertical plate of the box body through a small deep groove ball bearing I (11), the small planetary gear I (9) with the half shaft is meshed with a small planetary gear II (10) with the half shaft, and the shaft of the small planetary gear II (10) with the half shaft is fixed with the left vertical plate of the box body through a small deep groove ball bearing II (12); the second pinion (10) is meshed with the left internal gear (5); a main driving shaft (8) at the inner side of the left straight gear (6) is provided with a left large-angle contact ball bearing (22), the inner ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing (22) is in interference fit with the main driving shaft (8), and the outer ring of the left large-angle contact ball bearing is fixed with the inner wall of the left side of the horizontal roller; the outer ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing (23) is fixed with the inner wall of the right side of the horizontal roller, the inner ring of the right large-angle contact ball bearing is in interference fit with the main driving shaft (8), the main driving shaft (8) on the right side of the right large-angle contact ball bearing (23) is provided with a right straight gear (14) meshed with the large planetary gear (16), and the right straight gear (14) is in interference fit with the main driving shaft (8) through the inner ring of the right one-way bearing (24); the large planetary gear (16) is meshed with the right internal gear (13); the large planetary gear (16) is in interference fit with the gear shaft (20), and the gear shaft (20) is fixed with the vertical plate (25) through a large deep groove ball bearing (19).
2. A roadway energy harvesting mechanism as recited in claim 1, wherein: the generator (15) is fixed with a platform on the right side of the lower box body (1).
3. A roadway energy harvesting mechanism as recited in claim 1, wherein: the left one-way bearing (21) and the right one-way bearing (24) are arranged in opposite directions.
CN201921117175.5U 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 Road energy collecting mechanism Active CN210218571U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921117175.5U CN210218571U (en) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 Road energy collecting mechanism

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921117175.5U CN210218571U (en) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 Road energy collecting mechanism

Publications (1)

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CN210218571U true CN210218571U (en) 2020-03-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921117175.5U Active CN210218571U (en) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 Road energy collecting mechanism

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110230666A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-13 西南交通大学 A kind of road energy collecting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110230666A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-13 西南交通大学 A kind of road energy collecting device

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