CN209742063U - house earthquake-resistant structure - Google Patents

house earthquake-resistant structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209742063U
CN209742063U CN201920098831.5U CN201920098831U CN209742063U CN 209742063 U CN209742063 U CN 209742063U CN 201920098831 U CN201920098831 U CN 201920098831U CN 209742063 U CN209742063 U CN 209742063U
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China
Prior art keywords
earthquake
base layer
resistant structure
shock
hydraulic damper
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CN201920098831.5U
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王志坤
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TIANXIA ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN (XIAMEN) CO Ltd
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TIANXIA ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN (XIAMEN) CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a house earthquake-resistant structure belongs to construction safety technical field. Its technical essential includes the ground body, the ground body includes upper base layer and lower basic unit, upper base layer's upper end is provided with a plurality of recesses, building body's lower extreme extends has a plurality of archs with the recess one-to-one, the arch sets up in the recess, the bottom of recess through the shock attenuation part with lower basic unit connects, the utility model discloses can slow down the vibrations that the earthquake produced, prevent that the building from appearing warping or collapsing.

Description

House earthquake-resistant structure
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the building, more specifically says, it relates to a house earthquake-resistant structure.
Background
When an earthquake occurs, the wave length conducted to the ground by the seismic source is divided into two types: shear waves and longitudinal waves. In case of earthquake disaster, the surface buildings, especially high-rise buildings, are damaged.
in the prior art, the foundation and the house of the building are basically fixedly connected, namely the foundation is built on the ground and then the house is built on the foundation, so that the stability and the integrity of the building are ensured, the building can be stabilized under the general condition, however, when an earthquake occurs, the earth crust vibrates, the ground building also vibrates along with the vibration of the earth crust, when the deformation of the foundation exceeds a deformation allowable value, the building and the building can collapse and have irreversible destructive disasters such as cracks, and the life safety of people and the normal use of the building are seriously influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a house earthquake-resistant structure, its advantage lies in can effectively slowing down the vibrations that the earthquake produced, prevents that deformation or collapse from appearing in the building.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
The utility model provides a house earthquake-resistant structure, includes the ground body, the ground body includes upper base layer and lower basic unit, the upper end of upper base layer is provided with a plurality of recesses, the lower extreme of building body extends has a plurality of archs with the recess one-to-one, the arch sets up in the recess, the bottom of recess pass through damping part with lower basic unit connects.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the earthquake takes place, because the cooperation of arch and recess, can separate building body and ground body, play the effect of shock insulation. In addition, the energy brought by the earthquake can be absorbed through the damping component, and the damage brought by the earthquake is reduced to the maximum extent, so that the vibration generated by the earthquake is effectively slowed down, and the deformation or the collapse of the building is prevented.
Furthermore, a rubber shock absorption layer is arranged on one side, in contact with the building body, of the upper base layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the elasticity that can utilize rubber reduces the vibrations of ground body through the setting of rubber shock-absorbing layer to reduce the destruction that the earthquake brought.
Furthermore, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the groove in the rubber shock absorption layer, a hemisphere arranged in the arc-shaped groove extends from the lower end face of the protrusion, and the cross sectional area of the arc-shaped groove is larger than that of the hemisphere.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the earthquake takes place, the building body takes place to rock, and the hemisphere can reciprocate to slide in the arc wall to can give the rubber shock absorber layer with vibrations energy transfer, reduce rocking that the earthquake brought.
Furthermore, the upper end face of the lower base layer is provided with first hydraulic dampers and second hydraulic dampers in an alternating symmetry manner between the adjacent grooves, an included angle exists between the first hydraulic dampers and the second hydraulic dampers, and the upper ends and the lower ends of the first hydraulic dampers and the second hydraulic dampers are correspondingly hinged with the upper base layer and the lower base layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of first hydraulic damper and second hydraulic damper can utilize the principle that the attenuator produced the resistance to consume the kinetic energy that the earthquake brought, and when upper strata layer and building body produced lateral motion, first hydraulic damper and second hydraulic damper produced the resistance through extension and shrink, can reduce building body at the ascending amplitude of swing of horizontal direction to can make building body and upper strata layer resume to horizontal position after the earthquake.
further, the damping part is a damping spring.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, damping spring has good shock attenuation performance, and the energy that the accessible flexible absorption earthquake brought to play absorbing effect.
Furthermore, a bearing ball which is abutted against the inner side of the damping spring is arranged in the damping spring.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the weight of superstructure body can be shared with damping spring in the setting of bearing ball, and can absorb the energy that the earthquake brought through the good atress structure of self, further slows down vibrations.
Further, the shock absorption part is a rubber shock insulation pad.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rubber shock insulation pad has high elasticity and high stickness, mainly uses the shearing atress as the owner, can effectively absorb seismic energy when the earthquake takes place, reduces the destruction that the earthquake brought.
Further, a rubber damping layer is arranged between the building body and the upper base layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the elasticity that rubber shock attenuation layer can utilize rubber reduces the vibrations of ground body to reduce the destruction that the earthquake brought.
Furthermore, the lower extreme of lower basic unit is provided with the rubble layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of rubble layer can utilize the clearance between the rubble to consume seismic energy, can play the effect of drainage simultaneously.
through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, hydraulic damper's setting can utilize the principle that the attenuator produced the resistance to consume the kinetic energy that the earthquake brought, and when upper base course and building body transversely took place the motion, hydraulic damper produced the resistance through extension and shrink, reduced building body at the ascending amplitude of swing of horizontal direction to can make building body and upper base course resume to horizontal position after the earthquake.
Furthermore, the lower end of the lower base layer is provided with a crushed stone layer.
through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of rubble layer can utilize the clearance between the rubble to consume seismic energy, can play the effect of drainage simultaneously.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
(1) By arranging the damping spring, energy caused by an earthquake can be absorbed, and the effects of effectively slowing down the vibration and preventing the deformation or collapse of a building are achieved;
(2) Through the arrangement of the rubber shock-absorbing layer, the vibration of the foundation body can be reduced by utilizing the elasticity of rubber, so that the damage caused by an earthquake is reduced;
(3) Through setting up first hydraulic damper and second hydraulic damper, can consume the kinetic energy that the earthquake brought, and can make building body and upper substrate resume to horizontal position after the earthquake.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram according to a first embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the first embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a shock absorbing member according to a second embodiment.
Reference numerals: 1. a foundation body; 2. a building body; 3. a shock-absorbing member; 4. a rubber shock-absorbing layer; 5. a first hydraulic damper; 51. a second hydraulic damper; 6. a crushed stone layer; 11. an upper base layer; 111. a groove; 12. a lower base layer; 121. a bearing table; 21. a protrusion; 211. a hemisphere; 31. a load bearing ball; 41. an arc-shaped groove.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
First embodiment, a house earthquake-resistant structure, as shown in fig. 1, includes a foundation body 1 and a building body 2 built on the foundation body 1.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the foundation body 1 includes an upper base layer 11 and a lower base layer 12, a plurality of grooves 111 are provided at the upper end of the upper base layer 11, a plurality of protrusions 21 corresponding to the grooves 111 one to one are provided at the lower end of the building body 2, a plurality of bearing tables 121 corresponding to the grooves 111 are fixed at the upper end of the lower base layer 12, the upper end surfaces of the bearing tables 121 and the lower end surfaces of the grooves 111 are connected through a damping member 3, energy generated by an earthquake can be absorbed through the damping member 3, vibration of the building body 2 is slowed down, and deformation or collapse of a building is effectively prevented.
As shown in fig. 2, the damping member 3 is a damping spring, and upper and lower ends of the damping spring are fixed to an upper end surface of the bearing table 121 and a lower end surface of the groove 111, respectively. The damping spring has good damping performance, and can absorb energy brought by an earthquake through stretching, so that the damping effect is achieved.
Further, in order to enhance the bearing capacity of the damper spring, in the present embodiment, a bearing ball 31 is disposed in the damper spring to abut against the inner side of the damper spring, and the upper and lower ends of the bearing ball 31 abut against the lower end surface of the groove 111 and the upper end surface of the bearing table 121 respectively when the damper spring is compressed.
As shown in fig. 2, a rubber shock-absorbing layer 4 is fixed on one side of the upper base layer 11, which is in contact with the building body 2, so that the vibration of the foundation body 1 can be further reduced through the rubber shock-absorbing layer 4, and the damage caused by an earthquake can be reduced.
As shown in fig. 2, an arc-shaped groove 41 is formed in the groove 111 on the rubber shock-absorbing layer 4, a hemisphere 211 arranged in the arc-shaped groove 41 extends from the lower end surface of the protrusion 21, and the cross-sectional area of the arc-shaped groove 41 is larger than that of the hemisphere 211. When the earthquake takes place, building body 2 takes place to rock, and the arc wall slides along the horizontal reciprocating of arc wall 41 to give rubber shock-absorbing layer 4 vibration energy transfer, thereby reduce rocking that the earthquake brought.
As shown in fig. 2, the first hydraulic dampers 5 and the second hydraulic dampers 51 are alternately and symmetrically installed on the upper end surface of the lower base layer 12 and between the adjacent grooves 111, an included angle exists between the first hydraulic dampers 5 and the second hydraulic dampers 51, and the upper ends and the lower ends of the first hydraulic dampers 5 and the second hydraulic dampers 51 are correspondingly hinged to the upper base layer 11 and the lower base layer 12. The first hydraulic damper 5 and the second hydraulic damper 51 can consume motion energy caused by an earthquake by using a principle of generating resistance by themselves, and when the upper base layer 11 and the building body 2 generate transverse motion, the first hydraulic damper 5 and the second hydraulic damper 51 generate resistance by extension and contraction, so that the swing amplitude of the building body 2 in the horizontal direction is reduced, and the building body 2 and the upper base layer 11 can be restored to the horizontal position after an earthquake.
As shown in fig. 2, the lower end of the lower base layer 12 is provided with a crushed stone layer 6, and the inside of the crushed stone layer 6 is provided with a gap, so that the gap between the crushed stones can be used for consuming earthquake energy, and can play a role of draining water.
The utility model discloses a working process and beneficial effect as follows: when an earthquake occurs, the shock absorption component 3 can absorb earthquake energy, and damage caused by the earthquake is reduced; meanwhile, the hemispheroid 211 on the bulge 21 can slide along the transverse direction of the arc-shaped groove 41 in a reciprocating mode so as to transmit vibration to the rubber shock absorption layer 4, and damage caused by earthquake is further reduced.
In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 3, the difference between the first embodiment and the second embodiment is that the shock absorbing member 3 is a rubber shock-absorbing pad, which has high elasticity and high viscosity, mainly focuses on shear stress, and can effectively absorb earthquake energy when an earthquake occurs, thereby reducing damage caused by the earthquake.
It is above only the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment, the utility model discloses a scope of protection does not only confine above-mentioned embodiment, the all belongs to the utility model discloses a technical scheme under the thinking all belongs to the utility model discloses a scope of protection. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a house antidetonation structure, is in including ground body (1) and building body (2) on the ground body, a serial communication port, ground body (1) includes upper basic unit (11) and lower basic unit (12), the upper end of upper basic unit (11) is provided with a plurality of recesses (111), the lower extreme of building body (2) extends has a plurality of archs (21) with recess (111) one-to-one, arch (21) set up in recess (111), the bottom of recess (111) pass through shock attenuation part (3) with lower basic unit (12) are connected.
2. Earthquake-resistant structure for houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the rubber shock-absorbing layer (4) is arranged on the side of the upper base layer (11) contacting the building body (2).
3. The earthquake-resistant structure of the house according to claim 2, wherein an arc-shaped groove (41) is formed in the groove (111) on the rubber shock-absorbing layer (4), a hemisphere (211) arranged in the arc-shaped groove (41) extends from the lower end surface of the bulge (21), and the cross-sectional area of the arc-shaped groove (41) is larger than that of the hemisphere (211).
4. Earthquake-resistant structure for houses according to claim 1, wherein the upper surface of the lower base layer (12) is provided with a first hydraulic damper (5) and a second hydraulic damper (51) alternately and symmetrically between the adjacent grooves (111), an included angle exists between the first hydraulic damper (5) and the second hydraulic damper (51), and the upper end and the lower end of the first hydraulic damper (5) and the second hydraulic damper (51) are hinged with the upper base layer (11) and the lower base layer (12) correspondingly.
5. Earthquake-resistant structure for houses according to claim 1, characterised in that said shock-absorbing means (3) are shock-absorbing springs.
6. Earthquake-resistant structure for houses according to claim 5, characterised in that said shock-absorbing springs are provided with bearing balls (31) in abutment with the inside thereof.
7. Earthquake-resistant structure for houses according to claim 1, characterised in that said shock-absorbing means (3) are rubber shock-absorbing pads.
8. Earthquake-resistant structure for buildings according to claim 1, characterised in that the lower end of said lower base layer (12) is provided with a gravel layer (6).
CN201920098831.5U 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 house earthquake-resistant structure Active CN209742063U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920098831.5U CN209742063U (en) 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 house earthquake-resistant structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920098831.5U CN209742063U (en) 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 house earthquake-resistant structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209742063U true CN209742063U (en) 2019-12-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920098831.5U Active CN209742063U (en) 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 house earthquake-resistant structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209742063U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113863710A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-31 河北工程大学 Energy-consuming swing substructure and method for reinforcing existing building
CN114482319A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-05-13 郑州信息科技职业学院 Civil engineering antidetonation structure

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113863710A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-31 河北工程大学 Energy-consuming swing substructure and method for reinforcing existing building
CN113863710B (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-07-29 河北工程大学 Energy-consuming swing substructure and method for reinforcing existing building
CN114482319A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-05-13 郑州信息科技职业学院 Civil engineering antidetonation structure
CN114482319B (en) * 2022-03-17 2023-08-18 郑州信息科技职业学院 Civil engineering shock-resistant structure

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