CN209248518U - A kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server - Google Patents

A kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209248518U
CN209248518U CN201920271714.4U CN201920271714U CN209248518U CN 209248518 U CN209248518 U CN 209248518U CN 201920271714 U CN201920271714 U CN 201920271714U CN 209248518 U CN209248518 U CN 209248518U
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pcie
ssd
hard disk
expansion board
road
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CN201920271714.4U
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姚鹏飞
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Inspur Power Commercial Systems Co Ltd
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Inspur Power Commercial Systems Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and servers, comprising: the golden finger comprising 4*N conductive contact blade is connect for the PCIE channel reserved with N number of solid-state hard disk SSD is aimed in the CPU on server master board;Wherein, N is positive integer;The PCIE expansion module that the conductive contact blade of uplink port and golden finger connects one by one, for the road the 4*N PCIE signal of input to be extended to the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;Input interface connect one by one with the downlink port of PCIE expansion module, the connector of output interface and M SSD connection, for will establish communication link between M SSD and CPU.As it can be seen that the application adds SSD expansion board clamping between CPU and SSD, compared to the quantity of the SSD direct-connected with CPU, SSD expansion board clamping can increase the SSD quantity communicated with CPU, to improve the storage performance of server.

Description

A kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server
Technical field
The utility model relates to solid state hard disks to extend field, more particularly to a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and service Device.
Background technique
With the development of cloud computing, requirement of the user to storage equipment is higher and higher.In storage equipment, SSD (Solid State Disk, solid state hard disk) it is used widely in the server due to small in size, high reliablity, mainly pass through PCIE (peripheral component interconnect express, high speed serialization computer expansion bus standard) is total Line is connect with the CPU on server master board, so that CPU stores data to SSD.Currently, in order to improve the performance of SSD, specially NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory express, Nonvolatile memory host controller interface specification) is designed for SSD to connect Mouthful, effectively improve the transmission speed and stability between SSD and CPU.
In the prior art, SSD and CPU is carried out direct-connected with the point-to-point connection type of single channel, and standard individually has The SSD of NVMe interface needs to occupy 4 PCIE channels and communicates with CPU, but the PCIE channel limited amount of CPU, needs to connect in CPU In the case that network interface card etc. occupies the peripheral equipment of PCIE channel, the SSD that can be connected is less, to reduce depositing for server Store up performance.
Therefore, how to provide a kind of scheme of solution above-mentioned technical problem is that those skilled in the art needs to solve at present The problem of.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server, it can increase and be communicated with CPU The quantity of SSD, to improve the storage performance of server.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping, comprising:
Golden finger comprising 4*N conductive contact blade, for aim at N number of solid-state hard disk SSD in the CPU on server master board Reserved PCIE channel connection;Wherein, N is positive integer;
The PCIE expansion module that uplink port is connect one by one with the conductive contact blade of the golden finger, the 4*N for will input Road PCIE signal is extended to the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;
Input interface connect one by one with the downlink port of the PCIE expansion module, the company of output interface and M SSD connection Device is connect, for communication link will to be established between the M SSD and CPU.
Preferably, the PCIE expansion module includes:
Multiple PCIE switch chips, each PCIE switch chip are used to the PCIE distributed according to itself Extension task extends PCIE signal, is completed jointly with remaining described PCIE switch chip by the road the 4*N PCIE of input with realizing Signal extension extends task at total PCIE that the road 4*M PCIE signal exports.
Preferably, the number of the PCIE switch chip is 2;
Correspondingly, a PCIE switch chip is used to the road the 4*N1 PCIE signal of input being extended to the road 4*M1 PCIE signal output;Wherein, N1, M1 are positive integer and N1 < M1;
Another described PCIE switch chip is used to for the road the 4*N2 PCIE signal of input to be extended to the road 4*M2 PCIE letter Number output;Wherein, N2, M2 are positive integer and N2 < M2, N1+N2=N, M1+M2=M.
Preferably, M1=2*N1, M2=2*N2.
Preferably, the connector includes the M sub-connectors with 4 road PCIE transmission channels, in which:
The input interface of all sub-connectors is connect one by one with the downlink port of all PCIE switch chips, every height The output interface of connector is connect with 1 SSD.
Preferably, the sub-connector is specially ocuLink connector.
Preferably, the PCIE switch chip is uniformly distributed on SSD expansion board clamping, and the sub-connector is in institute It states and is uniformly distributed on SSD expansion board clamping.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model additionally provides a kind of server, including any of the above-described kind of solid-state is hard Disk expansion board clamping.
The utility model provides a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping, comprising: the golden finger comprising 4*N conductive contact blade, It is connect for the PCIE channel reserved with N number of solid-state hard disk SSD is aimed in the CPU on server master board;Wherein, N is positive integer; The PCIE expansion module that the conductive contact blade of uplink port and golden finger connects one by one, the road the 4*N PCIE signal for that will input expand Transform into the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;The downlink port one of input interface and PCIE expansion module One connection, output interface and M SSD connection connector, for communication link will to be established between M SSD and CPU.
As it can be seen that the application adds SSD expansion board clamping between CPU and SSD, compared to the quantity of the SSD direct-connected with CPU, SSD expansion board clamping can increase the quantity of the SSD communicated with CPU, to improve the storage performance of server.
The utility model additionally provides a kind of server, having the same beneficial to effect with above-mentioned solid state hard disk expansion board clamping Fruit.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to the prior art and embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only the utility model Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be according to this A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram in kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic illustration of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The core of the utility model is to provide a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server, can increase and communicate with CPU The quantity of SSD, to improve the storage performance of server.
It is practical new below in conjunction with this to keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer Attached drawing in type embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, it is clear that is retouched The embodiment stated is the utility model a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the utility model Example, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to The range of the utility model protection.
Fig. 1 is please referred to, Fig. 1 is a kind of signal in kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping provided by the embodiment of the utility model Figure.
The solid state hard disk expansion board clamping includes:
Golden finger 1 comprising 4*N conductive contact blade, for aim at N number of solid state hard disk in the CPU on server master board SSD reserved PCIE channel connection;Wherein, N is positive integer;
The PCIE expansion module that uplink port is connect one by one with the conductive contact blade of golden finger 1, the road 4*N for that will input PCIE signal is extended to the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;
Input interface connect one by one with the downlink port of PCIE expansion module, the connection of output interface and M SSD connection Device, for communication link will to be established between M SSD and CPU.
Specifically, the solid state hard disk expansion board clamping of the application includes golden finger 1, PCIE expansion module and connector, work Make principle are as follows:
CPU on server master board not only needs external GPU (Graphics Processing Unit, graphics processor) And/or the peripheries such as network interface card and/or RAID (Redundant Arrays of Independent Drives, disk array) card are set It is standby, and need the external this kind of memory of SSD with NVMe interface.Due to the PCIE channel limited amount of CPU, so It should be that each device distributes PCIE channel according to the application demand of CPU before the external each device of CPU.If CPU is meeting peripheral equipment In the case where connection requirement can only direct-connected N number of SSD, be unable to satisfy the demand of CPU mass data storage, then need to company, CPU institute The quantity of the SSD connect is extended.
The single SSD with NVMe interface of known standard needs to occupy 4 PCIE channels and communicates with CPU, so CPU is N number of SSD distributes 4*N PCIE channel.So the golden hand comprising 4*N conductive contact blade is arranged in the application on SSD expansion board clamping Refer to 1, it is therefore an objective to it connect 4*N conductive contact blade of golden finger 1 one by one with 4*N PCIE channel in CPU being SSD distribution, from And the PCIE signal transmitted between script CPU and SSD is made to access SSD expansion board clamping through golden finger 1.
PCIE expansion module is arranged in the application also on SSD expansion board clamping, it should be noted that sets in PCIE expansion module Before SSD expansion board clamping, the port function of PCIE expansion module is set according to extension demand, i.e. PCIE expansion module Uplink port (for inputting PCIE signal) and downlink port (for exporting PCIE signal) have determined that.For example, the application Extension demand be that the road the 4*N PCIE signal of input is extended to the road 4*M PCIE signal output (M > N), then PCIE expansion module It need to include 4*N uplink port and 4*M downlink port.
4*N uplink port of PCIE expansion module is connect one by one with 4*N conductive contact blade of golden finger 1, it is therefore an objective to will The PCIE signal transmitted between script CPU and SSD inputs PCIE expansion module through golden finger 1, and then PCIE expansion module can be defeated The road 4*M PCIE signal out, to realize the extension of PCIE channel.
The connector comprising 4*M PCIE transmission channel, the input of connector is arranged in the application also on SSD expansion board clamping Interface is connect one by one with the downlink port of PCIE expansion module, it is therefore an objective to the road the 4*M PCIE signal for exporting PCIE expansion module It is input to 4*M PCIE transmission channel of connector one by one.Known SSD needs to occupy 4 PCIE channels, so connector is defeated Outgoing interface can external M SSD to realize that M SSD is communicated with CPU improve the storage performance of server.
The utility model provides a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping, comprising: the golden finger comprising 4*N conductive contact blade, It is connect for the PCIE channel reserved with N number of solid-state hard disk SSD is aimed in the CPU on server master board;Wherein, N is positive integer; The PCIE expansion module that the conductive contact blade of uplink port and golden finger connects one by one, the road the 4*N PCIE signal for that will input expand Transform into the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;The downlink port one of input interface and PCIE expansion module One connection, output interface and M SSD connection connector, for communication link will to be established between M SSD and CPU.
As it can be seen that the application adds SSD expansion board clamping between CPU and SSD, compared to the quantity of the SSD direct-connected with CPU, SSD expansion board clamping can increase the quantity of the SSD communicated with CPU, to improve the storage performance of server.
On the basis of the above embodiments:
As one kind, optionally embodiment, PCIE expansion module include:
Multiple PCIE switch chips 2, each PCIE switch chip 2 are used to the PCIE distributed according to itself expansion Exhibition task extends PCIE signal, is completed jointly with remaining PCIE switch chip 2 by the road the 4*N PCIE signal of input with realizing It is extended to total PCIE extension task of the road 4*M PCIE signal output.
Specifically, the PCIE expansion module of the application includes multiple PCIE switch chips 2, this is because when one When the excessive PCIE transmission channel of PCIE switch 2 external connectors of chip, need to add driving circuit, so the application is set Set multiple PCIE switch chips 2, it is therefore an objective to total PCIE extension task is divided into multiple subtasks, and distribute to PCIE one by one Switch chip 2 is completed.Namely the PCIE extension task extension that each PCIE switch chip 2 is distributed all in accordance with itself PCIE signal, to complete total PCIE extension that the road the 4*N PCIE signal of input is extended to the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal jointly Task.
As a kind of optionally embodiment, the number of PCIE switch chip 2 is 2;
Correspondingly, a PCIE switch chip 2 is used to the road the 4*N1 PCIE signal of input being extended to the road 4*M1 PCIE Signal output;Wherein, N1, M1 are positive integer and N1 < M1;
Another PCIE switch chip 2 is used to the road the 4*N2 PCIE signal of input being extended to the road 4*M2 PCIE signal Output;Wherein, N2, M2 are positive integer and N2 < M2, N1+N2=N, M1+M2=M.
Further, it is known that the port number of PCIE switch chip 2 is more, and two PCIE switch cores are generally arranged Piece 2 is just able to satisfy extension demand.So total PCIE extension task is divided into two subtasks: the first subtask by the application, it will be defeated The road the 4*N1 PCIE signal entered is extended to the output of the road 4*M1 PCIE signal;Second subtask, by the road the 4*N2 PCIE signal of input It is extended to the output of the road 4*M2 PCIE signal.Then one of PCIE switch is arranged according to the extension demand of the first subtask The port function of another PCIE switch chip 2 is arranged according to the extension demand of the second subtask for the port function of chip 2, Two PCIE switch chips 2 are finally set to SSD expansion board clamping and correspond to line.
As a kind of optionally embodiment, M1=2*N1, M2=2*N2.
Further, PCIE channel can be in double extension, specifically each PCIE by the PCIE expansion module of the application PCIE channel is in double extension by switch chip 2.
As a kind of optionally embodiment, connector includes the M sub-connectors 3 with 4 road PCIE transmission channels, In:
The input interface of all sub-connectors 3 is connect one by one with the downlink port of all PCIE switch chips 2, each The output interface of sub-connector 3 is connect with 1 SSD.
Specifically, the connector of the application may include the M sub-connector 3 connecting one by one with M SSD, since SSD needs 4 PCIE channels are occupied, so each sub-connector 3 of the application all has 4 road PCIE transmission channels.
As a kind of optionally embodiment, sub-connector 3 is specially ocuLink connector.
Specifically, ocuLink connector can be selected but be not limited only to the sub-connector 3 of the application, and the application is herein not It is particularly limited, as long as supporting 4 road PCIE transmission channels.
It is uniformly distributed on SSD expansion board clamping as a kind of optionally embodiment, PCIE switch chip 2, and son connection Device 3 is uniformly distributed on SSD expansion board clamping.
Specifically, the application makes PCIE switch when PCIE switch chip 2 is arranged on SSD expansion board clamping as far as possible Chip 2 is uniformly distributed on SSD expansion board clamping, in order to the track laying of SSD expansion board clamping.Similarly, on SSD expansion board clamping When sub-connector 3 is set, it is uniformly distributed sub-connector 3 on SSD expansion board clamping.
Next, being illustrated with a specific embodiment to the extension effect of SSD expansion board clamping in conjunction with Fig. 2:
SSD expansion board clamping includes 1 X24 golden finger (24 conductive contact blades), 2 PCIE switch chips, 12 OcuLink connector.Wherein, X24 golden finger is connect one by one with the PCIE channel in CPU being SSD distribution, i.e. SSD expansion board clamping 24 PCIE channels of CPU need to be occupied, the remaining PCIE channel of CPU can be used for connecting the peripheral equipments such as GPU, network interface card, RAID card. The PCIE signal that X24 golden finger is accessed is connected to the uplink port of 2 PCIE switch chips, 2 PCIE through cabling Switch chip expands 8 channels X4 (4 PCIE channels) and 4 channels X4 respectively, and then 1 channel X4 accesses 1 OcuLink connector, each ocuLink connector pass through corresponding cable and connect 1 NVMe SSD.
As it can be seen that 24 PCIE channels of script CPU can only direct-connected 6 NVMe SSD, in the SSD expansion board for adding the application After card, CPU can be communicated with 12 NVMe SSD, to expand the memory capacity of server, improve whole deposit Store up performance.
The utility model additionally provides a kind of server, including any of the above-described kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping.
The introduction of server provided by the utility model please refers to the embodiment of above-mentioned solid state hard disk expansion board clamping, this is practical It is novel that details are not described herein.
It should also be noted that, in the present specification, relational terms such as first and second and the like be used merely to by One entity or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, without necessarily requiring or implying these entities or operation Between there are any actual relationship or orders.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant meaning Covering non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment for including a series of elements not only includes that A little elements, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or The intrinsic element of equipment.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", is not arranged Except there is also other identical elements in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments can be realized professional and technical personnel in the field or using originally practical new Type.Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and determine herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present utility model.Cause This, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The widest scope consistent with features of novelty.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping characterized by comprising
Golden finger comprising 4*N conductive contact blade, for that N number of solid-state hard disk SSD is aimed in the CPU on server master board is reserved PCIE channel connection;Wherein, N is positive integer;
The PCIE expansion module that uplink port is connect one by one with the conductive contact blade of the golden finger, the road 4*N for that will input PCIE signal is extended to the output of the road 4*M PCIE signal;Wherein, M is positive integer and M > N;
Input interface connect one by one with the downlink port of the PCIE expansion module, the connection of output interface and M SSD connection Device, for communication link will to be established between the M SSD and CPU.
2. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the PCIE expansion module includes:
Multiple PCIE switch chips, each PCIE switch chip are used to the PCIE distributed according to itself extension Task extends PCIE signal, is completed jointly with remaining described PCIE switch chip by the road the 4*N PCIE signal of input with realizing It is extended to total PCIE extension task of the road 4*M PCIE signal output.
3. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the number of the PCIE switch chip It is 2;
Correspondingly, a PCIE switch chip is used to the road the 4*N1 PCIE signal of input being extended to the road 4*M1 PCIE Signal output;Wherein, N1, M1 are positive integer and N1 < M1;
Another described PCIE switch chip is used to the road the 4*N2 PCIE signal of input being extended to the road 4*M2 PCIE signal defeated Out;Wherein, N2, M2 are positive integer and N2 < M2, N1+N2=N, M1+M2=M.
4. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that M1=2*N1, M2=2*N2.
5. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the connector, which includes M, has 4 tunnels The sub-connector of PCIE transmission channel, in which:
The input interface of all sub-connectors is connect one by one with the downlink port of all PCIE switch chips, every height connection The output interface of device is connect with 1 SSD.
6. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the sub-connector is specially ocuLink Connector.
7. solid state hard disk expansion board clamping as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the PCIE switch chip expands in SSD It is uniformly distributed on panel card, and the sub-connector is uniformly distributed on the SSD expansion board clamping.
8. a kind of server, which is characterized in that including the described in any item solid state hard disk expansion board clampings of such as claim 1-7.
CN201920271714.4U 2019-03-01 2019-03-01 A kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server Active CN209248518U (en)

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CN201920271714.4U CN209248518U (en) 2019-03-01 2019-03-01 A kind of solid state hard disk expansion board clamping and server

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116991488A (en) * 2023-09-25 2023-11-03 苏州元脑智能科技有限公司 Chip board card and server

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116991488A (en) * 2023-09-25 2023-11-03 苏州元脑智能科技有限公司 Chip board card and server
CN116991488B (en) * 2023-09-25 2024-01-26 苏州元脑智能科技有限公司 Chip board card and server

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