CN209115145U - The development machine of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the application system - Google Patents

The development machine of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the application system Download PDF

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CN209115145U
CN209115145U CN201820753471.3U CN201820753471U CN209115145U CN 209115145 U CN209115145 U CN 209115145U CN 201820753471 U CN201820753471 U CN 201820753471U CN 209115145 U CN209115145 U CN 209115145U
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dust
underground engineering
pelletizing system
air duct
distributor
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CN201820753471.3U
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郭春
陈小峰
杨璐
杨鶤
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The disclosure provides a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the development machine using the system, belong to technical field of tunnel construction, system includes dust suppression device, distributor and transmission pipeline, the distributor is connected to by the transmission pipeline with the dust suppression device, the dust suppression device is set to the development machine, for generating the substance for inhibiting dust, the substance for inhibiting dust is transmitted to the distributor by the transmission pipeline, and the distributor is used to spray the substance for inhibiting dust towards face.The development machine of the underground engineering dust pelletizing system and application system inhibits dust from dust generation source head, and dust is effectively reduced in the concentration of development machine head position, ensures the health of construction personnel.

Description

The development machine of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the application system
Technical field
This disclosure relates to technical field of tunnel construction, specifically, being a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and using this being The development machine of system.
Background technique
During constructing tunnel, a large amount of dust can be generated, the dust of high concentration not only influences the health of construction personnel, And environment is influenced, and dust concentration is excessive, reduces visibility, construction personnel's working efficiency is influenced, therefore, the control to dust It is particularly important.
Utility model content
In view of this, the disclosure provides a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the development machine using the system, on improving State problem.
Disclosure preferred embodiment provides a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system, including dust suppression device, distributor and transmission pipeline;
The distributor is connected to by the transmission pipeline with the dust suppression device;The dust suppression device is set to the driving Machine, for generating the substance for inhibiting dust, the substance for inhibiting dust is transmitted to the distributor by the transmission pipeline, The distributor is used to spray the substance for inhibiting dust towards face.
Further, the underground engineering dust pelletizing system further includes blower, air hose and the first air duct, first air duct and The blower is connected to by the air hose, and the blower is set to outside tunnel, and first air duct is set at the face, The blower by the air hose to the first air duct air feed, dry to the face by first air duct, will be described The dust Control that dust suppression device does not inhibit is at the face.
Further, the side and bottom surface of first air duct are provided with air outlet, are provided with electricity in first air duct Dynamic transmission device, the electric transmission machanism is used to adjust the air outlet air quantity of first air duct, thus by the dust suppression device The dust Control not inhibited is at the face.
Further, the underground engineering dust pelletizing system further includes the second air duct and dedusting fan, second air duct one End is set at the face, the other end connects the dedusting fan, and second air duct is for sucking first air duct It is controlled in the dust of the face, and is delivered to the dedusting fan and is dusted processing.
Further, the dedusting fan is wet type vibratory string dedusting fan or wet filter dust collecting technique blower.
Further, the underground engineering dust pelletizing system further includes spray head, and the spray head is set to the head of the development machine Portion position, the spray head are connect with the distributor by transmission pipeline, and the spray head is used for described in face injection The substance of the inhibition dust of distributor transmission.
Further, the spray head is connect with the head movement of the development machine, the angle adjustable of the spray head.
Further, the underground engineering dust pelletizing system further includes comprehensively control panel, and the electric transmission machanism passes through Wired or wireless to be integrated into the comprehensively control panel, the comprehensively control panel adjusts wind for controlling electric transmission machanism Amount.
Further, the distributor is integrated into the comprehensively control panel by cable, and the comprehensively control panel is used In the injection flow and pressure that control the distributor.
A kind of development machine that the disclosure provides is applied to constructing tunnel, including above-mentioned underground engineering dust pelletizing system.
The underground engineering dust pelletizing system that the disclosure provides and the development machine using the system, generate dust suppression using dust suppression device Substance sprays dust suppression substance to face by distributor, controls from dust source dust, in view of in constructing tunnel mistake Cheng Zhong, development machine driver present position is closer apart from dust source, is handled, is effectively reduced by the dust carried out in dust source Dust concentration improves visibility, to ensure the health of construction personnel.
To enable the above objects, features, and advantages of the disclosure to be clearer and more comprehensible, preferred embodiment is cited below particularly, and cooperate Appended attached drawing, is described in detail below.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the disclosure, letter will be made to attached drawing needed in the embodiment below It singly introduces, it should be understood that the following drawings illustrates only some embodiments of the disclosure, therefore is not construed as to range It limits, it for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also be according to these attached drawings Obtain other relevant attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the underground engineering dust pelletizing system overall structure diagram that the disclosure provides.
Fig. 2 is the system block diagram of underground engineering dust pelletizing system provided by the disclosure.
Fig. 3 is underground engineering dust pelletizing system another kind system block diagram provided by the disclosure.
Fig. 4 is another system block diagram of underground engineering dust pelletizing system provided by the disclosure.
Icon: 100- dust suppression device;101- spray head;200- distributor;300- transmission pipeline;400- blower;500- air hose; The first air duct of 600-;601- electric transmission machanism;700- dedusting fan;The second air duct of 800-;900- comprehensively control panel.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing in the disclosure, the technical solution in the disclosure is clearly and completely described, it is clear that Described embodiment is only disclosure a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Usually retouched in attached drawing here The component for the disclosure stated and shown can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations.Therefore, below to mentioning in the accompanying drawings The detailed description of the embodiment of the disclosure of confession is not intended to limit claimed the scope of the present disclosure, but is merely representative of this Disclosed selected embodiment.Based on embodiment of the disclosure, those skilled in the art are in the premise for not making creative work Under every other embodiment obtained, belong to the disclosure protection range.
In the description of the disclosure, it should be noted that term " in ", "upper", "lower", " left and right ", "inner", "outside" etc. refer to The orientation or positional relationship shown is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings or when utility model use usually puts The orientation or positional relationship put is merely for convenience of the description disclosure and simplifies description, rather than the dress of indication or suggestion meaning It sets or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as the limit to the disclosure System.In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, it is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
In the description of the disclosure, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected.It can To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrically connected.It can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, it can be with It is the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, it can understand that above-mentioned term exists with concrete condition Concrete meaning in the disclosure.
With reference to the accompanying drawing, it elaborates to some embodiments of the disclosure.
During constructing tunnel, a large amount of dust can be generated, the dust of high concentration not only influences the health of construction personnel, And environment is influenced, and dust concentration is excessive, reduces visibility, construction personnel's working efficiency is influenced, therefore, the control to dust It is particularly important.It is investigated through inventor, tunnel dedusting at present is typically all to use ventilation, and dedusting on the whole, energy consumption is larger, Efficiency is lower.Based on this, it has been investigated that, if can control from dust source dust, to the powder at development machine driver Dirt is handled, and energy consumption can be effectively reduced, and efficiency is higher, can improve construction visibility quickly, it is ensured that construction personnel's body Health.
Based on the studies above, the disclosure provides a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the development machine using the system, from powder Dirt source inhibits dust, to substantially reduce dust concentration, ensures the health of construction personnel.
Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system that the disclosure provides, including dust suppression device 100, distributor 200 and transmission pipeline 300.Wherein, the distributor 200 is connected to by the transmission pipeline 300 with the dust suppression device 100, institute It states dust suppression device 100 to be set on development machine, the dust suppression device 100 is used to generate the substance for inhibiting dust, the substance of the dust suppression It is transmitted to the distributor 200 by the transmission pipeline 300, the distributor 200 sprays the dust suppression towards face Substance.The substance of the dust suppression is contacted with the dust near face, and dust is inhibited near face, is significantly dropped from source Self raising flour dust concentration.
The substance for inhibiting dust can be the substances such as foam, spraying, and correspondingly, dust suppression device can be bubble machine processed, spraying machine Deng, but dust suppression substance described in the disclosure is not limited only to this.
Further, in order to more effectively inhibit the dust at face, distributor 200 described in the disclosure can be incited somebody to action The substance of dust suppression is transmitted to face by multiplexing pipeline 300, and the distributor 200 can be according to the difference of dust concentration The number of dust suppression substance in each transmission pipeline 300 is not distributed.For example, being placed in if dust concentration is excessive immediately ahead of development machine Dust suppression substance in the transmission pipeline 300 in middle position can then distribute more, likewise, if the dust concentration of development machine right front Excessive, then the dust suppression substance being placed in the transmission pipeline 300 of right can then distribute more, likewise, the left side is also suitable.By dividing The setting of orchestration can sufficiently meet a variety of construction environments, under each construction environment, by distributing not to each transmission pipeline 300 The dust suppression substance of same amount, effectively inhibits dust from source.
In order to preferably carry out dust suppression to dust concentration from multiple directions, the distributor 200 can pass through the transmission Pipeline 300 is connected to spray head 101.For example, the distributor 200 can be by the transmission pipeline 300 by the mass transfer of dust suppression To the spray head 101, the spray head 101 is set to the head position of development machine, referring specifically to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4.
Wherein, the spray head 101 is flexibly connected with development machine, and 101 angle adjustable of spray head, for example, working as the distribution Device 200 by the transmission pipeline 300 to the 101 multiplexing dust suppression substance of spray head when, the spray head 101 can be according to pick It is adjusted the angle into machine tunneling direction, the dust suppression substance for spraying the spray head 101 wraps up the cutterhead of development machine always, is digging Into in the process, inhibit dust.The angle of the spray head 101 can also be adjusted the angle according to dust concentration difference, if tunneling direction Left dust concentration is big, then adjustable angle, make in each spray head 101 one or two or it is multiple towards left spray Dust suppression substance equally if the right dust concentration of tunneling direction is big, can make one or two in each spray head 101 Or it is multiple towards right injection dust suppression substance.
In order to more effectively reduce dust concentration, system described in the disclosure further includes blower 400, air hose 500, and first Air duct 600 and electric transmission machanism 601, it is attached in face for the dust Control raised that do not inhibit dust suppression substance or secondary Closely.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, blower 400 described in the disclosure is placed in outside tunnel, and first air duct 600 is set to the palm At sub- face, the blower 400 is connected by the air hose 500 with first air duct 600, and the blower 400 passes through the wind For pipe 500 to 600 air feed of the first air duct, first air duct 600 is provided with air outlet in side and bottom surface, and described first Electric transmission machanism 601 is provided in air duct 600, the electric transmission machanism 601 is for adjusting first air duct 600 Air outlet air quantity.
Further, it is oblique air outlet that first air duct 600, which is set to the air outlet of side, is set to going out for bottom surface Air port is axial air outlet, and the electric transmission machanism 601 is used to control the opening and closing of oblique air outlet and axial air outlet, construction In the process, dust suppression substance is not inhibited or the secondary dust raised, the swirling eddy of the oblique air outlet of the first air duct 600 is formed Air curtain dust-separation avoids dust recycling to the subsequent construction part in tunnel, while the oblique air outlet of the first air duct 600 is in a steady stream not Disconnected jet stream goes out rotary airflow, is promoted with certain power to face, and dust suppression substance is not inhibited or the secondary dust raised Control is near face.
In addition to this, underground engineering dust pelletizing system provided by the disclosure can also include dedusting fan 700, the second wind Cylinder 800 further reduces dust concentration for siphoning away and handling the dust for being controlled near face.
Wherein, second air duct 800 is arranged one end and is set at face, and the other end of second air duct connects institute State dedusting fan 700, second air duct 800, which is controlled in face dust suppression substance for sucking first air duct 600, not to be pressed down System or the secondary dust raised, also, the dust of sucking is delivered to the dedusting fan 700, dedusting by second air duct 800 Blower 700 is dusted processing to it.
The dedusting fan 700 can be wet type vibratory string dedusting fan or wet filter dust collecting technique blower, with wet type vibratory string For dedusting fan, its working principle is that after dust laden air is inhaled into blower, in spraying mixing chamber by being arranged in direction of flow Spray head it is spraying, and reach fiber screen together with water mist, fiber makes the wet weight gain of dust or coalescence, delay, simultaneously because logical The dusty gas crossed makes fiber generate vibration under gas shock, enhances the collision of dust in water mist droplet and dusty gas, The capture rate to fine solid particle is improved, vibration also improves the self-purification capacity of filter itself fiber.Due to spray head constantly to Filter is spraying, becomes the mixture containing water mist, wet powder dust particle and wet dust group, portion by the dusty gas of filter Divide grit or sludge pellet captured, thickeied with water curtain or flowed down due to being self-possessed with water flow, while self-cleaning filter dust accumulation, dirt more than powder And particle through water curtain collision becomes wet dust, sludge pellet enters dehydration device and separates, sewage is discharged from sewage draining exit, purified Air is discharged from exhaust outlet.
Further, the disclosure is for the more easy operation underground engineering dust pelletizing system, highly efficient dedusting, Underground engineering dust pelletizing system described in the disclosure further includes the comprehensively control panel 900.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, comprehensively control panel 900 described in the disclosure is set in front of development machine driver position, convenient for applying Worker person is manipulated according to development machine tunneling direction dust concentration situation.Specifically, the electronic biography in first air duct 600 Dynamic device 601 is by wired or be wirelessly integrated into the comprehensively control panel 900, with the comprehensively control panel 900 connections, construction personnel can operate the comprehensively control panel 900 according to the dust concentration of development machine tunneling direction, in turn Electric transmission machanism 601 is controlled, the electric transmission machanism 601 controls the oblique air outlet of first air duct 600 and Axial-running Out The opening and closing in air port, and then adjust the air quantity of 600 air outlet of the first air duct.
In current tunnel dedusting, control for air outlet air quantity uses manual or pneumatic side using connecting rod mostly Formula control, but obtain special messenger and adjust, it has not been convenient to.The disclosure controls air outlet air quantity by comprehensively control panel, is grasping It is more easy on work, it improves efficiency.
Further, the distributor 200 is integrated into the comprehensively control panel 900 by cable, with the comprehensive control Panel 900 processed connects, and the comprehensively control panel 900 can control injection dust suppression substance by controlling the distributor 200 Injection flow and pressure, for example, in development machine tunneling process, operating personnel is according to the dust concentration of development machine tunneling direction The comprehensively control panel 900 is operated, and then controls injection flow and pressure that the distributor 200 sprays dust suppression substance.If The dust concentration of development machine tunneling direction is excessive, then the comprehensively control panel 900 controls the injection stream of the distributor 200 Amount and pressure become larger.
Wherein, the injection flow of dust suppression substance and pressure relative size can also be controlled by the dust suppression device 100.
To sum up, underground engineering dust pelletizing system provided by the disclosure first tentatively inhibits dust from dust source, Dust suppression substance is generated using dust suppression device, by transmission pipeline by dust suppression mass transfer to distributor, by distributor by dust suppression object Matter is sprayed towards face, and dust is inhibited near face, is completed preliminary inhibition dust, is then rotated by the first air duct Air-flow forms air curtain dust-separation, and simultaneously further controls dust that dust suppression device does not inhibit or the secondary dust raised in area At face, be controlled in the dust at face finally by the sucking of the second air duct and be transmitted to dedusting fan, dedusting fan to its into Row dust removal process.The disclosure controls dust from three steps, to more fully press down to dust concentration, more effectively The dust of face is administered on ground, ensures the health of construction personnel.In addition to this, underground engineering dedusting system described in the disclosure System further includes comprehensively control panel, more convenient that driver is allowed to adjust air quantity and dust suppression according to development machine tunneling direction dust concentration Surge flow and pressure not only increase working efficiency, and ensure the health of construction personnel.
Present disclose provides a kind of development machines, are applied to tunnel dedusting, including underground engineering dust pelletizing system among the above.
Development machine provided by the disclosure, since the development machine includes the underground engineering dust pelletizing system, the pick There is technical characteristic identical with the underground engineering dust pelletizing system into machine, this is no longer going to repeat them, please refers to describedly The explanation of lower engineering dust pelletizing system.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present disclosure, are not limited to the disclosure, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the disclosure can have various modifications and variations.It is all within the spirit and principle of the disclosure, it is made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the protection scope of the disclosure.It should also be noted that similar label and letter exist Similar terms are indicated in following attached drawing, therefore, once being defined in a certain Xiang Yi attached drawing, are then not required in subsequent attached drawing It is further defined and explained.
The above, the only specific embodiment of the disclosure, but the protection scope of the disclosure is not limited thereto, it is any Those familiar with the art can easily think of the change or the replacement in the technical scope that the disclosure discloses, and should all contain It covers within the protection scope of the disclosure.Therefore, the protection scope of the disclosure shall be subject to the protection scope of the claim.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of underground engineering dust pelletizing system, applied to the development machine for carrying out constructing tunnel, which is characterized in that the underground engineering Dust pelletizing system includes dust suppression device, distributor and transmission pipeline, and the distributor is connected by the transmission pipeline and the dust suppression device It is logical;
The dust suppression device is set to the development machine, and for generating the substance for inhibiting dust, the substance for inhibiting dust passes through The transmission pipeline is transmitted to the distributor, and the distributor is used to spray the substance for inhibiting dust towards face;
The underground engineering dust pelletizing system further includes blower, air hose and the first air duct, and first air duct and the blower pass through The air hose connection, the blower are set to outside tunnel, and first air duct is set at the face, and the blower passes through The air hose dries to the face to the first air duct air feed, first air duct, the dust suppression device is not inhibited Dust Control at the face;
The side and bottom surface of first air duct are provided with air outlet, are provided with electric transmission machanism in first air duct, institute Electric transmission machanism is stated for adjusting the air outlet air quantity of first air duct, thus the dust control that the dust suppression device is not inhibited System is at the face.
2. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the underground engineering dust pelletizing system is also wrapped The second air duct and dedusting fan are included, second air duct one end is set at the face, the other end connects the dedusting wind Machine, second air duct is controlled in the dust of the face for sucking first air duct, and is delivered to the dedusting wind Machine is dusted processing.
3. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the dedusting fan is that wet type vibratory string removes Dirt blower or wet filter dust collecting technique blower.
4. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the underground engineering dust pelletizing system is also wrapped Spray head is included, the spray head is set to the head position of the development machine, and the spray head and the distributor pass through the transfer tube Road connection, the spray head are used to spray the substance for the inhibition dust that the distributor transmits to the face.
5. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the head of the spray head and the development machine Portion is flexibly connected, the angle adjustable of the spray head.
6. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the underground engineering dust pelletizing system is also wrapped Comprehensively control panel is included, the electric transmission machanism is integrated into the comprehensively control panel, the synthesis by wired or wireless Control panel adjusts air quantity for controlling electric transmission machanism.
7. underground engineering dust pelletizing system according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the distributor is integrated by cable The comprehensively control panel, the comprehensively control panel are used to control the injection flow and pressure of the distributor.
8. a kind of development machine is applied to constructing tunnel, which is characterized in that including the described in any item underground works of claim 1-7 Journey dust pelletizing system.
CN201820753471.3U 2018-05-21 2018-05-21 The development machine of underground engineering dust pelletizing system and the application system Active CN209115145U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108708761A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-26 西南交通大学 Dust pelletizing system and dust removal method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108708761A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-26 西南交通大学 Dust pelletizing system and dust removal method

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