CN104489080B - Paddy machine - Google Patents

Paddy machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104489080B
CN104489080B CN201410773066.4A CN201410773066A CN104489080B CN 104489080 B CN104489080 B CN 104489080B CN 201410773066 A CN201410773066 A CN 201410773066A CN 104489080 B CN104489080 B CN 104489080B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
paddy
separator
plate
wind turbine
discrepancy
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Application number
CN201410773066.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104489080A (en
Inventor
陈桂粦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nantong Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
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NANTONG CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Application filed by NANTONG CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING Co Ltd filed Critical NANTONG CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410773066.4A priority Critical patent/CN104489080B/en
Priority to CN201711339876.9A priority patent/CN107963463B/en
Publication of CN104489080A publication Critical patent/CN104489080A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104489080B publication Critical patent/CN104489080B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/04Conveying materials in bulk pneumatically through pipes or tubes; Air slides
    • B65G53/16Gas pressure systems operating with fluidisation of the materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B9/00Preservation of edible seeds, e.g. cereals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/04Bulk
    • B65G2201/042Granular material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Storage Of Harvested Produce (AREA)
  • Adjustment And Processing Of Grains (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of paddy machine, including frame body and the wheel that is arranged on the frame body, further include the wind turbine being arranged on the frame body, shine paddy funnel, come in and go out paddy plate, separator Ji Shougu areas, the Shou Gu areas are used to collect the paddy from the separator;The separator is connected with the wind turbine, the discrepancy paddy plate respectively, and the wind turbine is used to carry out air draught to the separator so that paddy enters the separator from the discrepancy paddy plate;The wind turbine also connects the solarization paddy funnel by the separator, and for blowing to the separator, the paddy paving of the solarization paddy funnel is shone to ground.Above-mentioned paddy machine, pass through the effect of wind turbine and separator, on the one hand the paddy on quick recycling paddy can be realized, on the other hand it can realize and the paddy paving after recycling is quickly shone into back paddy, it is particularly suitable for the sun rainy day gas in southern summer, mitigate peasant and receive the burden for shining paddy, make its not heatstroke because of the frequent outdoor work in extremely hot weather.

Description

Paddy machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to farming device, more particularly to paddy machine.
Background technology
At present, country greatly develops novel agricultural.In order to improve farmer concepts, increase grain yield, country encourages to build Found family small scale-farm.Particularly hilly country, it is limited by landform, is adapted to family small range Rice Cropping, and unsuitable Carry out extensive Rice Cropping, the paddy amount of every household can't be very big during the harvest season.Traditional method for drying paddy It is that the uniform shakedown of one bag one bag of paddy that will gather in is shone on clean water mud paddy Ground, when recycling paddy again Paddy of the solarization in Gu Chang cement floorings will be spread with instrument to collect.
However, the sun rain in hilly country summer i.e. gather and rainfall at any time at any time by black clouds, pole is brought to paddy solarization paddy Big inconvenience, peasants will pay close attention to weather in case robbing harvesting rice at any time at any time, and it is also possible to because get the harvest in quickly causes not in time Paddy seeps water.
On the other hand, the process that the sun rains is very short, particularly, rain the sun when more distributions at noon before Afterwards, paddy temperature up to more than 45 degree, shines back paddy Ground however, must spread the paddy accepted again after peasants' rain at this time With anti-metamorphic.
Moreover, sun rain may descend 2 to 3 times in one day, in this way, one have a try in high temperature harvesting rice with shine rice Paddy, it is easy to cause peasant's heatstroke.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to for how rapidly being withdrawn the paddy of paddy, how paddy rapidly and uniformly to be spread to solarization A kind of the problems such as to paddy Ground, how to separate ghost agranular paddy, there is provided new paddy machine.The present invention its Its technical solution also solves other technical problems:How to set and control come in and go out paddy plate with paddy is faster withdrawn with by paddy Uniform paving shines, how paddy withdrawal is shone with paving by Shou Gu areas, how control wind turbine to realize recycling with spreading paddy etc..
A kind of paddy machine, including frame body and the wheel that is arranged on the frame body, further include:It is arranged at described Wind turbine, solarization paddy funnel on frame body, discrepancy paddy plate, separator Ji Shougu areas, the Shou Gu areas are used to collect described in The paddy of separator;
The separator respectively with the wind turbine, it is described discrepancy paddy plate connect, the wind turbine for the separator into Row air draught so that paddy enters the separator from the discrepancy paddy plate;
The wind turbine also connects the solarization paddy funnel by the separator, will for blowing to the separator The paddy paving for shining paddy funnel is shone to ground.
In one of the embodiments, the separator is cyclone separator.
In one of the embodiments, the paddy machine further includes some communicating pipes, the discrepancy paddy plate, the solarization paddy leakage Bucket, the Shou Gu areas and the wind turbine connect the separator one by one by different communicating pipe respectively.
In one of the embodiments, the communicating pipe includes an air hose and three support tubes, and the separator passes through respectively Corresponding support tube is connected with discrepancy paddy plate, the solarization paddy funnel and the Shou Gu areas, and the separator passes through the wind Pipe is connected with the wind turbine.
In one of the embodiments, wherein two support tubes are wholely set passes through for threeway metal tube, the separator The threeway metal tube is connected with the discrepancy paddy plate, the solarization paddy funnel respectively.
In one of the embodiments, the discrepancy paddy plate is equipped with adjusting mechanism, for adjusting the discrepancy paddy plate phase To the height of the wheel.
In one of the embodiments, the adjusting mechanism includes cylinder, the both ends of the cylinder connect respectively it is described go out Enter paddy plate and the frame body.
In one of the embodiments, the adjusting mechanism further includes cylinder adjusting switch, and the frame body extension is set Handrail is put, the cylinder adjusting switch is installed on the handrail.
In one of the embodiments, the wind turbine is high pressure suction and conveying wind turbine.
In one of the embodiments, fixed frame is set on the frame body, and the high pressure suction and conveying assembling is in institute State fixed frame.
Above-mentioned paddy machine, by the effect of wind turbine and separator, on the one hand can realize the paddy on quick recycling paddy, On the other hand it can realize and the paddy paving after recycling is quickly shone into back paddy, be particularly suitable for the sun rainy day gas in southern summer, Mitigate peasant and receive the burden for shining paddy, make its not heatstroke because of the frequent outdoor work in extremely hot weather.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of one embodiment of paddy machine of the present invention;
The schematic diagram for the solarization paddy funnel structure that Fig. 2 is Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the discrepancy paddy plate structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of recycling besom;
The schematic diagram for the receipts paddy plot structure that Fig. 5 is Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of another embodiment of paddy machine of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structure diagram of another embodiment of paddy machine of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of another embodiment of paddy machine of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Embodiment be described in detail.Many details are elaborated in the following description in order to fully understand this hair It is bright.But the invention can be embodied in many other ways as described herein, those skilled in the art can be not Similar improvement is done in the case of running counter to intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is from the limitation of following public specific embodiment.
It should be noted that when element is referred to as " being fixed on " another element, it can be directly on another element Or there may also be element placed in the middle.When an element is considered as " connection " another element, it can be directly connected to To another element or it may be simultaneously present centering elements.Term as used herein " vertical ", " horizontal ", " left side ", For illustrative purposes only, it is unique embodiment to be not offered as " right side " and similar statement.
Referring to Fig. 1, the structure diagram of a preferred embodiment of paddy machine 10 of the present invention, paddy machine 10 includes frame sheet Body 100 and the wheel 110 being arranged on the frame body 100, further include:The wind turbine being arranged on the frame body 100 120th, paddy funnel 130, discrepancy paddy plate 140,150 Ji Shougu areas 160 of separator are shone, the Shou Gu areas 160, which are used to collect, comes from institute State the paddy of separator 150;The separator 150 is connected with the wind turbine 120, the discrepancy paddy plate 140 respectively, the wind turbine 120 are used to carry out air draught to the separator 150 so that paddy enters the separator 150 from the discrepancy paddy plate 140;Institute State wind turbine 120 and the solarization paddy funnel 130 is also connected by the separator 150, for blowing to the separator 150, The paddy paving of the solarization paddy funnel 130 is shone to ground.
For example, paddy machine 10 further includes some communicating pipes, for example, including the first communicating pipe, the second communicating pipe, the communicating pipe Tee joint pipe and the 4th communicating pipe, the discrepancy paddy plate are led to by connecting the separator, the solarization paddy funnel the first communicating pipe The separator is connected after the second communicating pipe, the Shou Gu areas lead to by connecting separator described in third connecting pipe, the wind turbine Cross and the 4th communicating pipe connected the separator.
Paddy machine 10 further includes some communicating pipes, for example, communicating pipe includes the first communicating pipe 1701, the second communicating pipe 1702nd, 1703 and the 4th communicating pipe 1704 of third connecting pipe, the discrepancy paddy plate 140, first communicating pipe 1701, described the Two communicating pipes 1702 and the separator 150 sequential communication;For example, second communicating pipe 1702 is three-way pipe, described second Also connect the solarization paddy funnel 130 communicating pipe 1702, i.e. the separator 150 connects the solarization by the second communicating pipe 1702 Paddy funnel 130;The separator 150 also connects the Shou Gu areas 160 by third connecting pipe 1073, passes through for the 4th communicating pipe The 1704 connection wind turbines 120.And for example, the solarization paddy funnel 130, the discrepancy paddy plate 140, Shou Gu areas 160 and described Wind turbine 120 respectively by connecting the separator 150 different communicating pipe one by one.And for example, the separator 150 passes through each institute respectively State and connect the discrepancy paddy plate 140, the solarization paddy funnel 130, the Shou Gu areas 160, the wind turbine 120 communicating pipe one by one.
In order to enable paddy machine 10 can possess enough physical strengths, and wind turbine 120 is loaded, paddy funnel 130 is shone, comes in and goes out Paddy plate 140,150 Ji Shougu areas 160 of separator etc., by wind turbine 120, shine paddy funnel 130, the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, separator 150 and Shou Gu areas 160 etc. are connected to become the entirety for being capable of normal operation between each other, and frame body 100 is made of metal material.
Some mounting holes are further opened with frame body 100, be respectively used to install fixed wind turbine 120, shine paddy funnel 130, Come in and go out paddy plate 140 and separator 150 etc. so that wind turbine 120, shine paddy funnel 130, come in and go out paddy plate 140 and separator 150 etc. steady Work in fixed environment.
100 bottom of frame body is additionally provided with bottom plate 180, and bottom plate 180 is this scutum or metallic plate.For example, frame sheet 100 bottom of body includes a square iron frame and iron frame integrally formed four mounting holes and four sets of screws and nut, bottom plate 180 It is corresponding to open up four perforation.For example, by four sets of screws and nut, bottom plate 180 is installed on 100 bottom of frame body.Bottom Plate 180 can be used for placing paddy, the sack for filling paddy and other agricultural tools.
In order to enable paddy machine 10 can neatly advance towards different directions, paddy machine 10 includes four wheels 110, each wheel Son 110 is separately positioned on the distinct locations of the lower section of frame body 100.For example, frame body 100 is the metal framework of square body, Each wheel 110 is fixedly welded on the corner below metal framework so that the weight of frame body 100 is evenly distributed in four wheels On 110.
In the present embodiment, wheel 110 includes one group of movable castor and one group of rigid castors, movable castor and rigid castors point It is not coaxially disposed, also, movable castor is mounted on the lower section of frame body 100 close to the side of the wind turbine 120, and it is fixed Castor is mounted on the lower section of frame body 100 close to the side of the discrepancy paddy plate 140.
Since when recycling paddy or paving shines paddy, the amplitude of fluctuation of the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out is small, and when working its Direction is remained essentially on straight line;When needing significantly to turn, use the discrepancy paddy plate 140 with a certain wheel The mode for making circular-rotation for the center of circle is turned.In this way, rigid castors are fixed on close to the side of the discrepancy paddy plate 140, will Movable castor is fixed on close to the side of the wind turbine 120 so that amplitude of fluctuation is small at work for the discrepancy paddy plate 140, protects Hold and paddy continuous contact.Tested through trial-production, if movable castor is fixed on 140 side of discrepancy paddy plate, it will cause Discrepancy paddy 140 amplitudes of fluctuation of plate are excessive, uneven when recycling or spreading solarization paddy.
Meanwhile when operating paddy machine 10, human body generally stands at the side operation paddy machine 10 of the wind turbine 120, at this time, Movable castor is fixed on close to the side of the wind turbine 120, from rotational kinematics and dynamics, human body can also be rotated by less power Shine paddy machine 10, i.e. when needing to turn or correcting the route of travel of paddy machine 10, dynamic frame can be pushed by less Body 100 is easily realized, can be understood that, when 10 weight of paddy machine is larger, can be mitigated peasants and be operated paddy machine 10 Working strength, and then improve work efficiency.
Paddy leakage is being shone in order to realize to spread paddy of the solarization in paddy Ground and be recycled to the Shou Gu areas 160 and realize to pour into The paddy paving of bucket 130 is shone to paddy Ground, sets fixed frame on the frame body 100, the high pressure suction and conveying wind turbine 120 is installed It is fixed on the fixed frame.The specific location that wind turbine 120 is installed on frame body 100 can be according to actual service condition Installed.
Wind turbine 120 is high pressure suction and conveying wind turbine 120.High pressure suction and conveying wind turbine is called high pressure positive blower, Cyclone wind motor, vortex pump Deng being a kind of blade fluid machinery that not only can be used to intake-gas but also can be used to force feed gas.Since wind turbine 120 is using existing Technology, function of the explanation wind turbine 120 for other structures is intended in the present embodiment, and the structure for not being related to wind turbine 120 is improved.
When wind turbine 120 is operated in air draught state, wind turbine 120 continues the separator 150 air draught decompression, meanwhile, close The disconnected connection for shining paddy funnel 130, the Shou Gu areas 160 and the separator 150, only connects the discrepancy paddy plate 140, institute State separator 150 and the wind turbine 120 so that pressure difference is produced between the discrepancy paddy plate 140 and the separator 150, into And cause to produce pressure difference between the discrepancy paddy plate 140 and paddy contact surface so that paddy due to pressure action from it is described go out Enter paddy plate 140 and enter the separator 150, and the Shou Gu areas 160 are carried out by the separator 150.
When wind turbine 120 is operated in ventilation state, wind turbine 120 to the separator 150, persistently pressurize by air-supply, described in shut-off Shou Gu areas 160 and the connection of the separator 150, only connect discrepancy paddy plate 140, the separator 150 and the wind turbine 120 so that pressure difference is produced between the discrepancy paddy plate 140 and the separator 150, when paddy shines paddy funnel 130 from described Into fashionable, due to the effect of pressure difference, the paddy entered from the solarization paddy funnel 130 will be sent to the discrepancy paddy plate 140, and Solarization is spread to paddy Ground by the discrepancy paddy plate 140.
Referring to Fig. 2, its structure diagram for shining paddy funnel 130 for Fig. 1, shining paddy funnel 130 includes shining paddy funnel sheet Body 131, temporary room 132 and solid flow control valve 133.Shine the outlet temporary room 132 of paddy funnel body 131, temporary room 132 connect second communicating pipe 1702 by solid flow control valve 133 so that shine paddy on paddy funnel body 131 from Shine paddy funnel body 131 and enter temporary room 132, then enter under the control of solid flow control valve 133 from temporary room 132 described the Two communicating pipes 1702.
For example, the wind turbine 120 connects the solarization paddy funnel 130, will for blowing to the solarization paddy funnel 130 The paddy paving for shining paddy funnel 130 is shone to ground;The solarization paddy funnel 130 includes shining paddy funnel body 131, temporary room 132 With solid flow control valve 133;Temporary room 132 described in the outlet for shining paddy funnel body 131, the temporary room 132 It is interior that the solid flow control valve 133 is set;Also, the temporary room 132 is connected with the wind turbine 120, for example, described temporary 132 order of room is connected by the second communicating pipe 1702, separator 150, the 4th communicating pipe 1704 with the wind turbine 120.
For example, it is both ends open and hollow metal frustum to shine paddy funnel body 131, the less one end of its sectional area connects Temporary room 132.For example, temporary room 132 is a hollow circuit cylinder, hollow-cylindrical interior has a cavity.And for example, hollow cylindrical is temporary 132 both ends section of room is deposited as circle, the center location per one end sets fixed part, and the wherein center location of one end On open up the control valve perforation connected with fixed part.And for example, the section of temporary room 132 is rectangle, its side wall opens up two connections Perforation, for example, two communication bores include the first communication bores and the second communication bores, the first communication bores connect with temporary room 132 Logical, the second communication bores are connected with the second communicating pipe 1702.
For example, solid flow control valve 133 includes control valve body and control valve handle.It is a square gold to control valve body Belong to plate, its length is equal to the height of cylinder temporary room 132, its width is equal to the diameter of cylinder temporary room 132.Valve body is controlled to hold It is placed in 132 cavity of temporary room, controls the both ends of valve body to be connected and fixed on the fixed part, control valve handle wears temporary Connection control valve body after the control valve perforation of room 132.
Also referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, when shining the work of paddy funnel 130, paddy funnel sheet is shone in the control of solid flow control valve 133 The connection and shut-off of 131 and second communicating pipe 1702 of body, i.e. that valve body will be controlled to go to is relatively perpendicular by rotating control valve handle Straight plane, shines paddy funnel body 131 and the connection of the second communicating pipe 1702 so that positioned at the paddy shone in paddy funnel body 131 The second communicating pipe of entrance 1702 of energy maximum stream flow;By rotating control valve handle valve body will be controlled to go to horizontal plane, shone The shut-off of 131 and second communicating pipe 1702 of paddy funnel body so that cannot enter the positioned at the paddy shone in paddy funnel body 131 Two communicating pipes 1702;Valve body will be controlled to go to different angles by rotating control valve handle, so as to control positioned at solarization paddy leakage The paddy to struggle against in body 131 enters the uninterrupted of the second communicating pipe 1702.
Temporary room 132 divides paddy for emporary transient storage department.For example, temporary room 132 coordinates solid flow control valve 133, can The flow for the paddy that second communicating pipe 1702 is poured into from solarization paddy funnel 130 is controlled, and it is by the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out that paddy is fast Fast uniform paving is shone to paddy Ground.For example, when paddy scene product is little, the thickness for spreading and shining paddy to paddy Ground is can control, Paddy is shone thickness with larger paving, all paddy Ground is arrived in uniform paving solarization.And for example, when paddy scene product is too big, can control Paving shines paddy to the thickness of paddy Ground, and paddy all is uniformly spread to shine with less thickness and arrives paddy Ground.Improve It is traditional to shine paddy because of uneven paving and cause part paddy because Long Term Contact is less than sunlight and the drawbacks of moldy metamorphism so that paddy The paddy of different area size is adapted to, paddy fully is dried dehydration ensures its quality.
Also referring to Fig. 3, the structure diagram of its paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out for being Fig. 1, the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out includes the paddy that comes in and goes out Plate body 141, connector portions 142, guiding region 143 and Tong Gu holes 144.For example, connector portions 142 are set outside the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out, Come in and go out the 141 hollow setting of paddy plate body, and guiding region 143 and the Tong Gu holes 144 connected with guiding region 143 are arranged at the paddy plate sheet that comes in and goes out In body 141,142 one end of connector portions is connected by hose 131 with the first communicating pipe 1701, other end connection guiding region 143.
The paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out is a hollow cuboid, it is with inner cavity, and the side of inner cavity sets opening portion, with opening The opposite opposite side in portion sets the perforation of paddy plate, in this way, paddy enters connector portions 142 from the hose 131, then by connector portions 142 Into guiding region 143, then enter Tong Gu holes 144 from guiding region 143, finally come out from Tong Gu holes 144, so that paddy is uniform Paving is shone to paddy Ground.For example, the hollow cuboid is made of metal material or wood materials.For example, the paddy plate that comes in and goes out 141 length of body is 15~30cm, and width is 10~20cm, is highly 5~15cm.And for example, paddy plate body 141 is come in and gone out as iron gold The hollow cuboid of a side opening made of category, the length of 20cm, width 15cm, are highly 10cm.In other embodiment In, come in and go out the hollow cuboid that paddy plate body 141 is a side opening made of wood materials, the length of 30cm, and width is 20cm, is highly 15cm.
The paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out can be improved using the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out made of metal material or wood materials Toughness and rigidity, beneficial to the shape size for the paddy plate body 141 that keeps coming in and going out, prevent since ground out-of-flatness causes the paddy plate that comes in and goes out Body 141 deforms.Cross section can expand the active area to paddy for rectangular discrepancy paddy plate body 141, be conducive to big The recycling of area or paving shine paddy, meanwhile, 141 length of paddy plate body that comes in and goes out can be to avoid due to coming in and going out between 15~30cm Paddy plate 141 length of body are too small to be caused to recycle or to spread work efficiency when shining paddy low.Because when 141 length of paddy plate body that comes in and goes out It is too small, it is necessary to which paddy could be recycled or spread completely by more operation shines;Also avoid due to 141 length of paddy plate body that comes in and goes out It is excessive to cause to recycle or spread insufficient contact with paddy when shining paddy, it is impossible to paddy is recycled or spread completely and is shone.
Connector portions 142 are arranged on outside the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out, and are connected with the paddy plate perforation for the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out, Its two openend sets joint connection respectively.Connector portions 142 are to be opened using both ends made of metal material or wood materials The hollow circuit cylinder of mouth or the hollow square body of both ends open.For example, joint connection is the spiral shell being extended along opening periphery Hole.
With reference to Fig. 1, for example, connector portions 142 are the hollow circuit cylinder of both ends open made of metal material, the connection of the first connector Portion is welded in the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out along the paddy plate perforation periphery for the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out so that connector portions 142 and the paddy that comes in and goes out Plate body 141 connects;Second joint connection connects the hose 131.And for example, connector portions 142 are made of wood materials, and first Joint connection opens up the first connecting socket, corresponding, and paddy plate perforation periphery opens up second to be connected with the first connecting socket Connecting socket, joint connection, which is spirally connected, is fixed on paddy plate perforation periphery so that connector portions 142 are connected with the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out; Second joint connection connects the hose 131.
Due to coming in and going out, paddy plate 140 is contacted with paddy for a long time, and ground can be inevitably touched when recycling or spreading and shine paddy.Come in and go out Paddy plate body 141 is lost or damages with the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out caused by the phase mutual friction of ground because for a long time.Come in and go out paddy plate body 141 connect hose 131 by connector portions 142, are connected by hose 131 with first communicating pipe 1701 so that in the paddy that comes in and goes out When plate body 141 damages, will conveniently can come in and go out 141 dismounting and change of paddy plate body, so that cost-effective and energy conservation and environmental protection, is easy to Promote.Meanwhile connected using hose 131 with the first communicating pipe 1701, it is to coordinate adjusting mechanism 190 so that adjusting mechanism 190 be free to control discrepancy paddy 140 height from the ground of plate.In other embodiments, telescoping tube and the can also be used A connecting pipe 1701 connects.
Guiding region 143 is arranged in the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out close to paddy plate perforation side.For example, guiding region 143 Highly account for the 1/2 of 141 height of discrepancy paddy plate body.For example, the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out is more close to paddy plate perforation side setting A space separating board, each space separating board are obliquely installed, its both sides connection discrepancy paddy plate body 141 so that come in and go out paddy plate body 141 Multiple guiding regions 143 are formed, corresponding, the one end of space separating board is connected to the two-end-point of the string of the paddy plate perforation, by institute State the perforation of paddy plate and be divided into multiple paddy plate perforation, and each guiding region 143 is connected with the perforation of each paddy plate;The other end of space separating board Portion is arranged far from the side of the paddy plate perforation at equal intervals.For example, perforate in the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out close to the paddy plate Side opens up five guiding regions 143, and each guiding region 143 is irregular shape region, and each guiding region 143 is worn with the paddy plate Hole connects.
It is appreciated that when recycling paddy, traditional come in and go out paddy plate 140 and the pressure differential size of the contact surface formation of paddy Skewness, since the pressure differential in the intermediate region pressure differential relative tip region of rectangular discrepancy paddy plate 140 is big, causes The paddy contacted with the intermediate region for the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out all recycles, and the paddy contacted with the peripheral edge margin for the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out It is only partially recycled.Using guiding region 143, the pressure differential that contact surface of the paddy plate 140 with paddy that come in and go out is formed uniformly is divided again Match somebody with somebody so that paddy all recycles after being contacted with the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out enters the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out.
If being not provided with guiding region 143, paddy wears the paddy plate perforation from connector portions 142 and enters the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, Since paddy plate perforation is most of after the paddy plate perforates out positioned at the middle part of rectangular discrepancy paddy plate 140, paddy Paving is shone to close to the ground of paddy plate perforation, it is impossible to is evenly distributed to the remote paddy plate of rectangular discrepancy paddy plate 140 The ground of perforation.Using guiding region 143, it is equal into the paddy for the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out to wear the paddy plate perforation from connector portions 142 Even distribution is to guiding region 143, since the other end of the space separating board of guiding region 143 is arranged far from the paddy plate at equal intervals The side of perforation so that paddy behind guiding region 143 by distributing to each position of rectangular discrepancy paddy plate 140, so that Paddy paving is shone to ground evenly.
Shone to realize that quickly and evenly paddy is recycled or spread, Tong Gu holes 144, which are arranged at, to come in and go out in paddy plate body 141 Side away from paddy plate perforation, the height in Tong Gu holes 144 account for come in and go out the 1/2 of 141 height of paddy plate body, and Tong Gu holes 144 Connected with guiding region 143.For example, the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out sets multiple paddy holes partition plate 146, each paddy hole partition plate 146 is away from described The evenly distributed setting in side of paddy plate perforation, 146 both sides of paddy hole partition plate are connected with discrepancy paddy plate body 141 two side, paddy hole every 146 one end of plate is open close to the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out, is formed two-by-two between paddy hole partition plate 146 close to guiding region 143, the other end Tong Gu holes 144.For example, the paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out sets 4 paddy hole partition plates 146, each paddy hole partition plate 146 is worn away from the paddy plate The side in hole is evenly distributed, and partition plate 146 both sides in each paddy hole are welded to connect with 141 two side of paddy plate body that comes in and goes out, each paddy hole Partition plate 146 is with 141 side wall of paddy plate body that comes in and goes out into 90 degree of angles, and close to guiding region 143, the other end leans on 146 one end of paddy hole partition plate The nearly paddy plate body 141 that comes in and goes out is open equidistant arrangement.
It is appreciated that when recycling paddy, Tong Gu holes 144 connect connecing come in and go out paddy plate 140 and paddy behind guiding region 143 The pressure differential that contacting surface is formed further evenly distributes again so that paddy is complete by Tong Gu holes 144 after being contacted with the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out Portion's recycling enters the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out.When paving shines paddy, wear the paddy plate perforation from connector portions 142 and enter the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out Paddy be divided evenly to guiding region 143 after further distributed by Tong Gu holes 144 again so that after paddy is by Tong Gu holes 144 Further evenly distribute to each position of rectangular discrepancy paddy plate 140, so as to equably shine paddy paving to ground.
Referring to Fig. 4, its structure diagram for recycling besom 145, in order to which paddy is more completely recycled, for example, The two side of the opening of discrepancy paddy plate 140 respectively sets a recycling besom 145.Recycling besom 145 is included body 1451, roller 1452 and some silk 1453, it is cylinder body 1451, its both ends is connected with roller 1452, and while being rotated with roller 1452 revolves Turn;The two side of the opening of discrepancy paddy plate 140 opens up roller installation position, and roller 1452 is rotatably mounted to roller installation position On, also, the diameter of roller 1452 is less than the opening width for the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out;It is elastic soft-plastic material silk 1453, it is surrounded Cylinder is arranged at body 1451 on 1451 outer surface of a body.Silk 1453 with body 1451 is connected after its formed rotating diameter The equal or slightly larger than diameter of roller 1452.
It is appreciated that when mobile discrepancy paddy plate 140, it is under the drive of roller 1452 that silk 1453 is synchronous with body 1451 Rotation.There is active force to paddy after silk 1453 is contacted paddy, promote paddy to be moved toward 1453 rotating tangential direction of silk, from And paddy is sent into the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out.When set it is more silk 1453 when, due to the active force 1453 pairs of paddy of silk, ground Paddy whole are entered into the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, prevent because loose contact cause part paddy it is scattered be trapped in paddy Ground. So as to improve the work quality of recycling paddy, further, recycling besom 145 sets said structure, also accelerates recycling rice The speed of paddy, improves the work efficiency of the recycling paddy of paddy machine 10.
In order to which paddy is carried out classification processing, paddy machine 10 sets a separator 150.Preferably, the separator 150 is Cyclone separator 150.Cyclone separator 150 is separated a kind of equipment for gas-solid system or liquid-solid system.Work is former Rotary motion caused by be introduced tangentially into by air-flow is managed, makes that there is the solid particle of larger centrifugal inertial force or drop to get rid of to outer wall Face separates.Cyclone separator 150 is industrial using a kind of very wide separation equipment., can will be from by cyclone separator 150 The paddy that paddy plate 140 sucks that comes in and goes out is separated into the paddy and the agranular paddy of ghost of saturation particle, and respectively by saturation particle Paddy be drained to different devices from the agranular paddy of ghost and be collected processing.Wherein, separator 150 also has work Principle rotary motion caused by be introduced tangentially into by air-flow, makes that there is the solid particle of larger centrifugal inertial force or drop to get rid of outwards Wall, which separates etc., belongs to the principle and structure of the prior art, is not belonging to scope of the present invention, people in the art Member known its specific setting, connection and application, therefore not to repeat here.
Please refer to fig. 5, it is the structure diagram in Tu1Shou Gu areas 160, Shou Gu areas 160 are the side of a side opening Body, it is arranged in frame body 100.For example, frame body 100 is provided with the installation of paddy area close to described 180 one end of bottom plate Position, 160 bottom of Shou Gu areas are welded or are connected in the installation position.And for example, Shou Gu areas 160 be located at 100 lower part of frame body and It is integrally formed with frame body 100.Referring to Fig. 1, for example, Shou Gu areas 160 are two, it is respectively that saturation particle receives paddy Area, without particle Shou Gu areas, is separately recovered from the saturation particle paddy that separator 150 shunts with ghost without particle with ghost Paddy.
Classify to be recycled paddy using Shou Gu areas 160, conduit through bore, working area 161 and dress are set in Shou Gu areas 160 Paddy bucket 162.Working area 161 is connected with conduit through bore, and dress paddy bucket 162 is positioned at the lower section of working area 161, also, working area 161 passes through Third connecting pipe 1703 is connected with separator 150.
In the present embodiment, conduit through bore and working area 161 are set away from described 180 one end of bottom plate in Shou Gu areas 160.Pipeline Through hole is opened in the side wall away from the bottom plate 180 in Shou Gu areas 160, it is circular, square or quincunx.Working area 161 For the hollow tubaeform stage body of both-side opening, the less opening diameter in its cross section is more than conduit through bore diameter, also, temporary The less openend in cross section in area 161 is welded in the peripheral edge margin close to conduit through bore.Two side opens up out in working area 161 Perforation is closed, area's switch valve 163 is deposited for installing, deposits the structure and function and the solid flow control valve 133 of area's switch valve 163 26S Proteasome Structure and Function it is similar, be not described in detail herein.
Fill paddy bucket 162 be used for accept the paddy from working area 161, because it is with mobility, thus can easily by Paddy is shifted and is fitted into and is exclusively used in the snakeskin bag or gunnysack of packaging paddy.Working area 161 sets working area switch valve 163, For controlling working area 161 and extraneous connection or shut-off.In this way, working area 161 is in paddy 10 continuous operation of machine, in the middle When way needs replacing dress paddy bucket 162 or needs to shift the dress paddy bucket 162 for being already filled with paddy halfway, pass through working area switch valve 163 shut-off working areas 161 so that paddy it is of short duration deposit in working area 161 so that having time replace or transfer dress paddy bucket 162。
Referring to Fig. 1, in order to by the wind turbine 120, the solarization paddy funnel 130, the discrepancy paddy plate 140, described Separator 150 and the Shou Gu areas 160 connect, and paddy machine 10 sets some communicating pipes, for example, communicating pipe included for the first communicating pipe 1701st, the second communicating pipe 1702,1703 and the 4th communicating pipe 1704 of third connecting pipe.According to practical use, communicating pipe can be Stereoplasm tube made of metal or support tube, or soft pipe is made in plastics.It is appreciated that stereoplasm tube made of metal or Person's support tube has rigidity, can bear the object of constant weight;And soft pipe is made in plastics has flexible motion, can arbitrarily change Its relative position.
In one embodiment, communicating pipe includes an air hose and three support tubes, and separator 150 passes through corresponding support respectively Pipe is connected with the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, 130 Ji Shougu areas 160 of solarization paddy funnel, and separator 150 is connected by air hose with wind turbine 120.Example Such as, set bolt hole and pipe clamp, pipe clamp to include lower half of pipe clamp body, upper half of pipe clamp body and cover board outside frame body 100, install During air hose, by lower half of pipe clamp body inserted num, after putting air hose, then half of pipe clamp body and cover board are put, be screwed Bolt hole is inserted screws into again after lower half of pipe clamp body, upper half of pipe clamp body, nut and cover board to fix.For example, frame body 100 Some supports of pipelines are set, and each support tube passes through support of pipelines and corresponding discrepancy paddy plate 140,130 Ji Shougu areas of solarization paddy funnel 160 connections.
It is appreciated that using the instrument of the fixed connection pipeline such as pipe clamp and support of pipelines, each company can effectively prevent Siphunculus comes off because shaking, shaking and jolt at work, ensures communicating pipe and the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, solarization paddy funnel 130 and receipts paddy Area 160 normally connects.
In another embodiment, communicating pipe includes some support tubes, wherein two support tubes are wholely set as threeway gold Belong to pipe, separator 150 is connected with the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out, solarization paddy funnel 130 respectively by threeway metal tube.For example, to realize separation Device 150 is connected with discrepancy paddy plate 140 and solarization paddy funnel 130 respectively, and two support tubes are wholely set as threeway metal tube, i.e. There is the pipe fitting of the metal of three openings.Each opening of threeway metal tube is respectively communicated with separator 150, come in and go out paddy plate 140 And shine paddy funnel 130, its threeway metal tube and separator 150, come in and go out paddy plate 140 and shine the connection mode of paddy funnel 130 can be with To be spirally connected, grafting or welding.Wherein, the corner that crosses for the opening that threeway metal tube is connected with shining paddy funnel 130 sets Put valve 103, circular valve block be set on valve, its one side be used to controlling the connection of shining paddy funnel 130 and metallic conduit 102 or Person turns off, on the other hand controllable from the flow for shining the paddy that paddy funnel 130 pours into, more uniformly to shine paddy paving to paddy Field surface.
Discrepancy paddy 140 height from the ground of plate during in order to control recycling or paving to shine paddy, for example, the discrepancy paddy Plate 140 is equipped with adjusting mechanism 190, for adjusting the height of the 140 relatively described wheel 110 of discrepancy paddy plate.For example, adjust Mechanism 190 includes cylinder, and the both ends of the cylinder connect the discrepancy paddy plate 140 and the frame body 100 respectively, and cylinder exists Straight reciprocating motion can be carried out under piston guide in cylinder so that the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out adjusts itself and wheel under the drive of cylinder Son or the height on ground.
When recycling paddy, the distance of the opposite paddy of the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out is adjusted, control discrepancy paddy plate 140 connects with paddy Contacting surface so that the pressure that the contact surface region of discrepancy paddy plate 140 and paddy is formed is enough completely to suck out paddy Enter paddy plate 140;When paving shines paddy, the distance of the opposite paddy Ground of the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out is adjusted, coordinates the traveling speed of paddy machine 10 Degree, so as to control paddy paving to shine to the thickness of paddy so that paddy can be uniformly shone to paddy place from the paving of paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out Face, beneficial to drying paddy.
And for example, adjusting mechanism 190 further includes cylinder adjusting switch 105, for adjusting the flexible of cylinder, so as to reach control The height on the opposite ground of the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out.Meanwhile the frame body 100 is extended handrail 106, cylinder adjusting switch 105 It is installed on handrail 106.It so can easily manipulate cylinder adjusting switch 105 and the parameter of cylinder adjusting switch 105 is set, So as to just can easily control the height on the opposite ground of the paddy plate 140 that comes in and goes out in handrail 106.Simultaneously as the universal wheel is permitted Perhaps 360 degree of rotations, handrail 106 coordinates the universal wheel, can flexibly control 10 direct of travel of paddy machine, to realize paddy machine 10 Rapidly received comprehensively on paddy and shine paddy.
Referring to Fig. 6, it is the structure diagram of 10 another embodiment of paddy machine of the present invention, paddy machine 10 includes frame sheet Body 100 and the wheel 110 being arranged on the frame body 100, further include:The wind turbine being arranged on the frame body 100 If the 120th, shine the discrepancy paddy of paddy funnel 130, first the 1401, second discrepancy paddy of plate plate 1402, separator 150, Shou Gu areas 160 and involvement Siphunculus.For example, communicating pipe includes the first communicating pipe 1701, the second communicating pipe 1702, third connecting pipe 1703, the 4th communicating pipe 1704th, the 5th communicating pipe 1705 and the 6th communicating pipe 1706.The Shou Gu areas 160 are used to collect from the separator 150 Paddy;For example, the separator 150 is by connecting the second communicating pipe 1072 and the first communicating pipe 1,701 the first discrepancy paddy plate 1401, the wind turbine 120 is connected by third connecting pipe 1703;The separator 150 is also connected by the 4th communicating pipe 1704 The wind turbine 120;The wind turbine 120 is by connecting the solarization paddy funnel 130 and the 6th communicating pipe 1706 the 5th communicating pipe;6th Connect the second discrepancy paddy plate 1402 communicating pipe 1706.In this way, paddy machine 10 sets two discrepancy paddy plates, one of them is utilized Come in and go out paddy plate recycling paddy, and another paving shines paddy so that paddy machine 10 may be simultaneously operated in recycling paddy and shine paddy with paving State, improves the utilization rate of paddy machine 10, easy to spread.
In order to improve work efficiency so that paddy machine 10 can realize that synchronous recycling paddy shines paddy with paving when working, For example, wind turbine 120 includes a fan connector 121, fan connector 121 includes inlet scoop and exhaust outlet, and inlet scoop is connected with the 4th Pipe 1704 connects;Exhaust outlet is connected with the 5th communicating pipe 1705.That is, wind turbine 120 connects separator 150 by inlet scoop, passes through Paddy funnel 130 is shone in exhaust outlet connection.
Wind turbine 120 work produce it is distinguished and admirable, its flow to be from inlet scoop enter, sent out by exhaust outlet.Wind turbine 120 passes through suction Air port and the 4th communicating pipe 1704 carry out air draught decompression to separator 150 so that the discrepancy paddy plate 140 and the separator Pressure difference is produced between 150, and then causes production and pressure difference between the first discrepancy paddy plate 1401 and paddy contact surface so that Paddy since pressure action from the described first paddy plate 1401 that comes in and goes out enters the separator 150, and by the separator 150 into The row Shou Gu areas 160.Meanwhile wind turbine 120 is blown by exhaust outlet and the 5th communicating pipe 1705 to shining paddy funnel 130, So that pressure difference is produced between the second discrepancy paddy plate 1402 and the solarization paddy funnel 130, when paddy shines paddy funnel from described 130 into fashionable, and due to the effect of pressure difference, the paddy entered from the solarization paddy funnel 130 will be sent to described second and come in and go out paddy Plate 1402, and solarization is spread to paddy Ground by the discrepancy paddy plate 140.
In this way, recycling paddy is synchronously completed under a load for wind turbine 120 and paving shines the work of paddy, energy conservation and environmental protection simultaneously carries High workload efficiency.Meanwhile it also avoid after the paddy dried is recycled under hot weather due to peasants, and will just harvest back The accident of heatstroke morbidity, liberates the both hands of peasants and prevents peasants in high-temperature operation causes when the paddy paving come is shone The accident of heat morbidity.
Since ghost mixes without particle paddy, the paving for influencing saturation particle paddy is shone, it is traditional by ghost without particle paddy Maneuver side separated with saturation particle paddy is will to utilize the distinctive wooden manual separation machine in rural area after paddy all recycling Separation of the ghost without particle paddy Yu saturation particle paddy is carried out, since manual separation engine efficiency is low, and ghost is without particle paddy Mix paving with saturation particle paddy and shine certain time, substantially have impact on the moisture evaporation of saturation particle paddy, no Beneficial to the work efficiency for improving peasants.
In order to which ghost is separated without particle paddy with saturation particle paddy, referring to Fig. 7, it is paddy machine 10 of the present invention The structure diagram of another embodiment, paddy machine 10 set transmission mechanism 600, for being recycled some dress paddy buckets 162;Example Such as, 600 one end of transmission mechanism is arranged in the Shou Gu areas 160;For example, the saturation particle for being arranged at the Shou Gu areas 160 is received In paddy area, the other end is disposed in proximity to the solarization paddy funnel 130 and is open and positioned at 130 top of solarization paddy funnel, transmission mechanism Some dress paddy buckets 162 are set on 600, and dress paddy bucket 162 is fixedly connected with transmission mechanism 600, i.e. with the biography of transmission mechanism 600 Send part mobile and move.
For example, also referring to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the separator 150 comes in and goes out paddy with the wind turbine 120, described first respectively Plate 1401 connects, the wind turbine 120 be used for the separator 150 carry out air draught so that paddy from described first come in and go out paddy plate 1401 enter the separator 150;The wind turbine 120 also connects the second discrepancy paddy plate 1402 by the solarization paddy funnel 130, uses Blow in the solarization paddy funnel 130, the paddy paving of the solarization paddy funnel 130 is shone to ground;The transmission mechanism 600 Including mechanism body and the transport unit being arranged in the mechanism body;Described mechanism body one end is arranged at the Shou Gu areas In 160, the other end is disposed in proximity to 130 side of solarization paddy funnel;Some dress paddy buckets 162 are provided with the transport unit.
Also referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, paddy machine 10 is operated in ghost without particle paddy and saturation particle paddy point From when, wind turbine 120 is operated in air draught state, and at this time, the discrepancy paddy plate 140 connected with separator 150 will mix ghost without particle The paddy of paddy and saturation particle paddy all recycles, paddy be separated into after separator 150 ghost without particle paddy with Saturation particle paddy, and the ghost in Shou Gu areas 160 is respectively enterd without particle Shou Gu areas and saturation particle Shou Gu areas.Into Shou Gu areas The saturation particle paddy in 160 saturation particle Shou Gu areas is accepted by filling paddy bucket 162, and dress paddy bucket 162 fills Hou Cun areas switch valve 163 Close, saturation particle paddy is temporarily stored into working area 161, waits arrival and the repetitive cycling of next dress paddy bucket 162.Fill paddy bucket 162 fill and are open as transmission mechanism 600 is moved to close to the solarization paddy funnel 130 and by saturation particle after saturation particle paddy Paddy, which pours into, shines paddy funnel 130.Shone into the saturation particle paddy for shining paddy funnel 130 by another discrepancy paddy plate 140 again paving To paddy Ground.
Paddy leakage is shone for example, the dress paddy for having saturation particle bucket to be transmitted to saturation particle Shou Gu areas by transmission mechanism 600 On bucket 130, realize and ghost is separated without particle paddy with saturation particle paddy and synchronously shines saturation particle paddy paving extremely Paddy Ground, the dehydration for not only improving saturation particle paddy are dried, and are also beneficial to improve the work production efficiency of peasants, and And, it is thus also avoided that peasants' operation under hot weather causes the generation of the accident of heatstroke.
In order to realize that mechanization teds paddy using paddy machine 10, substitute manual operation instrument and ted paddy, please join in the lump Fig. 8 is read, it is the structure diagram of another embodiment of paddy machine 10 of the present invention, and paddy machine 10 includes tedding paddy rake 700, teds Paddy rake 700 is made for metal material or wood materials are made, and is made in the present embodiment of metal material.
Preferably, tedding paddy rake 700 includes rake aody 701, drag head 702, rake socket part 703 and rake hole 704.Wherein, rake aody 701 For the hollow square body of both-side opening;Drag head 702 is trapezoidal shape iron plate, its two trapezoidal waist portions does not set a plate washer 7021, shelves The height of plate 7021 is equal with the open height of rake aody 701, the shorter one side of its trapezoidal iron plate and 701 opening width phase of rake aody Deng the latter same peripheral edge margin for being welded in the opening of rake aody 701 1 of its connection plate washer 7021.Preferably, trapezoidal shape iron plate is right angle Trapezoidal shape iron plate, the length of its short side is the 1/2 of the length of long side;Rake socket part 703 is arranged on outside rake aody 701, with 701 spiral shell of rake aody Connect, grafting or be welded and fixed.Ted paddy rake 700 be spirally connected by harrowing socket part 703 and the frame body 100, grafting or weldering Connect fixation.
Preferably, ted paddy rake 700 and be arranged at the lower section of frame body 100 close to ground side.For example, paddy machine 10 Paddy rake 700 is tedded including two, the width for tedding paddy rake 700 accounts for the 1/2 of 100 lower width of frame body, respectively teds paddy rake 700 are separately positioned on the lower section at 100 both ends of frame body close to ground side, and respectively ted 702 court of drag head of paddy rake 700 To consistent, also, respectively ted paddy and harrow 700 stagger settings, and respectively account for the position of 1/2 width of the lower section of frame body 100.
It is appreciated that when paddy machine 10 is operated in and teds paddy state, ted paddy and harrow 700 ground proximities, paving is shone The paddy of paddy Ground scoops up.Paddy enters rake aody 701 after drag head 702, is then open away from rake aody 701 is another.By Be trapezoidal shape in drag head 702, and the length of its short side is the 1/2 of the length of long side so that paddy after tedding paddy rake 700 its Paving shines width for original 1/2.When needing to ted paddy again, repeated the above process from other direction.In this way, ted paddy rake Paddy is spread to shine into former spread and shines the 1/2 of width by 700 again so that positioned at bottom and the part paddy that is blocked by other paddy Turn to top layer so that it comes into full contact with sunlight.Meanwhile the paddy in top layer is tedded to bottom originally, since its temperature is high, By altitude temperature difference effect after tedding to bottom so that the long moisture evaporation for rising, driving bottom paddy in near-bottom temperature.In this way, by more Secondary that paddy is tedded, the dehydration evaporation for accelerating the paddy of paddy Ground is dried.
In order to further make the paddy positioned at bottom of paddy Ground come into full contact with sunlight, drag head 702 is opened away from rake aody 701 One end of mouth is extended a limiting plate.For example, the height of limiting plate is 0.5-1.5cm.If dry harrowing hole is opened up on limiting plate 704, rake 704 diameter of hole is equal to the height of limiting plate.For example, rake hole 704 is circular, square or quincunx.Each rake hole 704 into Matrix proper alignment.
It is appreciated that when paddy machine 10 is operated in and teds paddy state, due to limiting plate and rake hole 704 so that ted For paddy rake 700 when ground proximity will spread solarization and be scooped up in the paddy of paddy Ground, the paddy positioned at top layer enters rake by drag head 702 Body 701 leaves former surface location, and wearing rake hole 704 positioned at the paddy of bottom is left in place putting bottom position.In this way, it is located at originally The paddy exposure of bottom, fully contacts with sunlight, accelerates its moisture evaporation.After repeatedly being tedded to paddy, paddy In moisture by rapid evaporation so that accelerate shine paddy speed, improve farming efficiency.
In order to improve the flexibility ratio for tedding paddy rake 700, prevent from damaging drag head 702 after contacting with ground rigidity, for example, rake connects Portion 703 is also connected by an elastic component with the frame body 100.It is appreciated that when the ground out-of-flatness of the contact of drag head 702 When, by elastic component can drag head 702 stretch with respect to ground, avoid drag head 702 because of the out-of-flatness on ground friction damage.
Each technical characteristic of above example can be combined arbitrarily, to make description succinct, not to above-described embodiment In each technical characteristic it is all possible combination be all described, as long as however, lance is not present in the combination of these technical characteristics Shield, is all considered to be the scope of this specification record.
Above example only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, its description is more specific and detailed, but can not Therefore it is construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, On the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of paddy machine, including frame body and the wheel that is arranged on the frame body, it is characterised in that further include: Be arranged at wind turbine on the frame body, shine paddy funnel, come in and go out paddy plate, separator Ji Shougu areas, the Shou Gu areas are used to receive Collect the paddy from the separator;
The separator is connected with the wind turbine, the discrepancy paddy plate respectively, and the wind turbine is used to inhale the separator Wind so that paddy enters the separator from the discrepancy paddy plate;
The wind turbine also connects the solarization paddy funnel by the separator, for blowing to the separator, by described in The paddy paving for shining paddy funnel is shone to ground;
The paddy plate that comes in and goes out includes come in and go out paddy plate body, connector portions, guiding region and Tong Gu holes, and connector portions are set outside the paddy plate body that comes in and goes out, Come in and go out the hollow setting of paddy plate body, and guiding region and Tong Gu holes connect with guiding region are arranged in discrepancy paddy plate body, it is described go out Enter the hollow cuboid that paddy plate body is a side opening, with inner cavity, the side of inner cavity sets opening portion, opposite with opening portion for it Opposite side the perforation of paddy plate is set, the paddy plate perforation connects the connector portions;
The discrepancy paddy plate body sets multiple space separating boards close to paddy plate perforation side, and each space separating board tilts Set, its both sides connection discrepancy paddy plate body, one end is connected to the two-end-point of the string of the paddy plate perforation, the paddy plate is worn Hole is divided into multiple paddy plate perforation, and each guiding region is connected with the perforation of each paddy plate;The other end is arranged far from equal intervals The side of the paddy plate perforation so that the discrepancy paddy plate body forms multiple guiding regions, each guiding region and the paddy Plate perforation connection;
Paddy machine further includes the first communicating pipe, the second communicating pipe, third connecting pipe and the 4th communicating pipe, and the paddy plate that comes in and goes out connects Head one end connects the separator with the first communicating pipe by hose, and the solarization paddy funnel passes through described in the connection of the second communicating pipe Separator, the Shou Gu areas are passed through described in the connection of the 4th communicating pipe by connecting separator described in third connecting pipe, the wind turbine Separator.
2. paddy machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the separator is cyclone separator.
3. paddy machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the discrepancy paddy plate is equipped with adjusting mechanism, for adjusting Save the height of the discrepancy relatively described wheel of paddy plate.
4. paddy machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the adjusting mechanism includes cylinder, and the two of the cylinder End connects the discrepancy paddy plate and the frame body respectively.
5. paddy machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the adjusting mechanism further includes cylinder adjusting switch, institute State frame body and be extended handrail, the cylinder adjusting switch is installed on the handrail.
6. paddy machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the wind turbine is high pressure suction and conveying wind turbine.
7. paddy machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that fixed frame, the high pressure are set on the frame body Suction and conveying assembling is in the fixed frame.
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CN112189707A (en) * 2020-08-13 2021-01-08 五邑大学 Agricultural paddy spreading and drying machine

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