CN208763671U - Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device - Google Patents

Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208763671U
CN208763671U CN201821563420.0U CN201821563420U CN208763671U CN 208763671 U CN208763671 U CN 208763671U CN 201821563420 U CN201821563420 U CN 201821563420U CN 208763671 U CN208763671 U CN 208763671U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
inverted arch
trestle
support frame
arcuate die
integral type
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821563420.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王清江
王悦
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Chongqing Technology and Business Institute
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Chongqing Technology and Business Institute
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Priority to CN201821563420.0U priority Critical patent/CN208763671U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch devices, including inverted arch trestle and the EEF bogie being arranged in below inverted arch trestle, inverted arch arcuate die, inverted arch Side Template, ditch template, it further include the jacking apparatus for jacking inverted arch trestle, the EEF bogie includes the support frame for being used to support inverted arch trestle, support frame as described above is moveable, length direction of the inverted arch Side Template perpendicular to inverted arch trestle, it is movably attached the lower section of inverted arch trestle, one end of inverted arch arcuate die and ditch template is connected on the same end face of inverted arch Side Template, the inverted arch arcuate die is symmetrically arranged two groups, ditch template-setup is between two groups of inverted arch arcuate dies.Present apparatus simple structure, it is easy for installation, it can realize that tunnel inverted arch integral type is constructed using the present apparatus.

Description

Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device
Technical field
The utility model relates to tunnel construction device fields, and in particular to a kind of voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch dress It sets.
Background technique
At this stage, the construction of Tunnel Engineering inverted arch adopts mostly with independent inverted arch mold and separates construction with filling out to inverted arch, first construct Inverted arch, then fill concrete of constructing, when construction, the installation of inverted arch mold is inconvenient, and in addition, interval time of constructing by several times is long, causes work Phase is longer.To accelerate construction progress, also there is inverted arch and fill synchronous construction, but this method easily causes inverted arch mark different from filling Number concrete is mixed in together, causes architecture quality hidden danger.Therefore, a kind of tunnel inverted arch integral construction trolley need to be developed, It realizes voluntarily Rapid installing mould, inverted arch is rapidly completed and has been very necessary and urgent.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device, it can be quick Ground installation mold, and inverted arch is rapidly completed.
The utility model one kind voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device, including inverted arch trestle and be arranged below inverted arch trestle EEF bogie, inverted arch arcuate die, inverted arch Side Template, ditch template, further include the jacking apparatus for jacking inverted arch trestle, institute Stating EEF bogie includes the support frame for being used to support inverted arch trestle, and support frame as described above is moveable, and the inverted arch Side Template is vertical In the length direction of inverted arch trestle, it is movably attached the lower section of inverted arch trestle, the one of inverted arch arcuate die and ditch template End is connected on the same end face of inverted arch Side Template, and the inverted arch arcuate die is symmetrically arranged two groups, and ditch template is set It sets between two groups of inverted arch arcuate dies.
Further, the inverted arch Side Template includes upper mold, the lower mold being hinged below upper mold, for driving upper mold The terminal mould mobile device that tool and lower mold move horizontally and the mold lifting device for promoting lower mold fold, it is described Terminal mould mobile device is arranged on trestle by track and is connect with the top of upper mold, one end of the mold lifting device It is fixed in terminal mould mobile device, the other end is connect with the lower part of lower mold.
Further, the inverted arch arcuate die includes upper section arcuate die, lower section arcuate die, mould lifting device, under Along the arc of upper section arcuate die to being hinged below upper section arcuate die, one end of inverted arch arcuate die connects section arcuate die , can be mobile with inverted arch Side Template to the end face of inverted arch Side Template, one end of the mould lifting device and upper section arcuate die Connection, the other end is connect with the lower part of lower section arcuate die, for promoting lower section arcuate die fold inward.
Further, the EEF bogie includes that the support frame that inverted arch trestle is used to support below inverted arch trestle is arranged in, institute State and be equipped with rack boom hoisting between inverted arch trestle and support frame, the bottom of support frame as described above be equipped with travelling wheel and with it is described The track of travelling wheel cooperation, support frame as described above include left support frame, right support frame and the connection left support frame, right support frame Connecting rod, the left support frame, right support frame are separately positioned on the lower section of the left and right side girder truss of inverted arch trestle.
Further, the inverted arch trestle includes two trestle beams disposed in parallel, and two trestle beams link into an integrated entity.
Further, the trestle beam includes horizontally disposed main couple, and one end of the main couple is connected with facing upward for arc Encircle slope section, the upper end of the inverted arch slope section is connect with main couple, lower end ground connection.
Further, inverted arch slope section is with main couple by being movably hinged device with the top that the main couple connect one end Hinged, the lower part that one end is connect with the main couple is saved on inverted arch slope, is equipped with the first lip block.
Further, the second lip block is equipped between support frame as described above and inverted arch trestle.
Further, the lower end of inverted arch slope section is equipped with idler wheel.
Further, it is linked into an integrated entity between two trestle beams by connecting rod.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that present apparatus simple structure, easy for installation, tunnel inverted arch can be realized using the present apparatus Integral type construction, inverted arch, filling and intermediate ditch segmentation gradation one-piece casting molding when construction, and with the concrete completed of constructing Face pours inverted arch concrete, pushes ahead as inverted arch rack traveling basal plane, segmentation.Using present arrangement avoids existing tunnels to face upward Inverted arch, fill concrete pour the problems such as influence or mixed one-time-concreting different labels concrete of duration respectively when arch is constructed, Using sizing mould bases, it is once performed integrally inverted arch filling operation.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is the integral planar schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the whole sectional schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of trestle beam;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of EEF bogie;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of EEF bogie lower track;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of inverted arch Side Template;
Fig. 7 is the connection schematic diagram with inverted arch trestle of inverted arch Side Template;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of inverted arch arcuate die.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is the integral planar schematic diagram of the utility model, and Fig. 2 is the whole sectional schematic diagram of the utility model, and Fig. 3 is The structural schematic diagram of trestle beam, a kind of voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device, including inverted arch trestle 1, EEF bogie 2, inverted arch arc Inverted arch Side Template 4, ditch template 5, the lower section of inverted arch trestle 1 is arranged in for jacking the jacking apparatus of inverted arch trestle 1 in mold 3 6, the present embodiment jacking apparatus 6 is jack.The lower section of trestle beam 11 is set, and the top of EEF bogie 2, which is equipped with to be used to support, faces upward The support frame 21 for encircleing trestle 1, is provided with boom hoisting, inverted arch Side Template 4 is movably between trestle beam 11 and support frame 21 The lower section of inverted arch trestle 1 is set, and inverted arch arcuate die 3 is two groups, and front end face is connect with inverted arch Side Template 4, and is arranged and is being faced upward The two sides of arch abutment template 4, the front end face of ditch template 5 are connected to inverted arch Side Template 4, direction, that is, construction party of above-mentioned front end face To ditch template 5 is arranged between two groups of inverted arch arcuate dies 3.
In the present embodiment, inverted arch trestle 1 includes two trestle beams disposed in parallel, and two trestle beams are connected by connecting rod 17 It is connected into one, it is ensured that two panels truss trestle beam entirety stress increases the stability of inverted arch trestle 1.Trestle beam includes horizontally disposed Main couple 11, one end of main couple 11 be connected with arc inverted arch slope section 12, inverted arch slope section 12 upper end and main couple 11 connections, lower end ground connection.Trestle beam is both the current bridge of working truck and tunnel inverted arch Side Template 4, inverted arch arcuate die 3 And the supporting point of intermediate ditch template 5,4 top of inverted arch Side Template and the trestle beam of inverted arch trestle 1 pass through terminal mould mobile device 43 connections, walking rails of the inverted arch trestle 1 as inverted arch Side Template 4, inverted arch Side Template 4 and support are connected to inverted arch Side Template 4 On inverted arch arcuate die 3 and intermediate ditch template 5 can be moved along inverted arch trestle 1 with inverted arch Side Template 4.
In the present embodiment, main couple 11 by several standard knot units that length direction connects by successively being formed.Several standards Section unit can be detachably connected by concave convex button anchor bolt, can also be directly welded and fixed, and the length of standard knot unit is 3~5m. The length of main couple 11 is 9m or 12m or 15m, this length can guarantee the stress of trestle, specifically with construction operation organization arrangement Depending on.Inverted arch slope section 12 is hinged by being movably hinged device 13 with main couple 11 with the top that main couple 11 connect one end 's.Inverted arch slope section 12 connect the lower part of one end with main couple 11, is equipped with the first lip block 14.Support frame 21 and inverted arch stack The second lip block 15 is equipped between bridge 1.Rubber cushion blocks all can be used in first lip block 14 and the second lip block 15.Inverted arch The lower end of slope section 12 is equipped with idler wheel 16.Idler wheel 16, which is arranged, can be convenient the movement of trestle.EEF bogie include travelling wheel 18 and The track cooperated with travelling wheel 18.When travelling wheel 18 is above mentioned hanging with support frame 21, track be also one above mention it is outstanding Empty.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of EEF bogie, and Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of EEF bogie lower track;In the present embodiment, row Walk the support frame 21 that portion 2 is used to support inverted arch trestle 1 including the lower section of inverted arch trestle 1 is arranged in, the inverted arch trestle 1 and support Be equipped with rack boom hoisting 22 between frame 21, the bottom of support frame as described above 21 be equipped with travelling wheel 23 and with the travelling wheel 23 The track 24 of cooperation, support frame as described above 21 include left support frame 211, right support frame 212 and the connection left support frame 211, The connecting rod 213 of right support frame 212, the left support frame 211, right support frame 212 are separately positioned on the left and right side of inverted arch trestle The lower section of girder truss.Wherein 27 be travelling wheel 23 and support frame 21 connecting bracket, track 24 is laid on completed at the beginning Inverted arch fills surface.In short transverse in the presence of being centainly connected between travelling wheel 23 and track 24, support frame is being promoted in this way During 221, track 24 can be elevated together.The rack boom hoisting 22 is using promotion jack or hydraulic automatic lifting dress It sets.Certainly, as needed, rack boom hoisting 22 can also use other boom hoistings.The rack boom hoisting 22 is 4 It is a, it is separately positioned at 4 angles of support frame 21.Rack boom hoisting 22 is distributed in four corners, can make to be promoted more steady.
The upper end of support frame as described above 21 is equipped with the lip block 25 for being used to support inverted arch trestle.Rubber can be used in lip block 25 Glue material.The track 24 is i shaped steel, and the travelling wheel 23 is stuck between the upper lower flange of i shaped steel.Travelling wheel 23 is led Wheel is stuck on the downside of track top flange, to leading trestle and lifting track 24, when lifting by crane EEF bogie rack, track 24 while quilt Lifting, so as to the forward movement of track 24.Travelling wheel 23 two are one group, are separately positioned on the two sides of i shaped steel.The track 24 both ends are equipped with limiting device.The limiting device is the limiting card 26 that track both ends are arranged in.When preventing trestle traveling Derailing.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of inverted arch Side Template;Fig. 7 is the connection schematic diagram with inverted arch trestle of inverted arch Side Template; In the present embodiment, inverted arch Side Template 4 includes upper mold 41, the lower mold 42 for being hinged on 41 lower section of upper mold, for driving upper mold The terminal mould mobile device 43 and promote dress for promoting the mold that lower mold 42 turns down that tool 41 and lower mold 42 move horizontally 44 are set, terminal mould mobile device 43 is arranged on inverted arch trestle 1 by track and is connect with the top of upper mold 41, and mold is promoted One end of device 44 is fixed in terminal mould mobile device 43, and the other end is connect with the lower part of lower mold 42.Upper mold 41 With lower mold 42 by being movably hinged, lower mold 42 can be flipped up, mobile with sharp demoulding and mold.Terminal mould mobile device 43 with mold lifting device 44 be integral type setting.Unitary design can be convenient setting of the two on trestle, and structure is more Step up to gather, simply.
In the present embodiment, upper mold 41 and lower mold 42 include template and the support rod 46 that is fixed in template, Support rod 46 includes several vertical supporting bars being vertically arranged at intervals in template, and the vertical supporting bar and terminal mould at middle part are mobile Device 43 is fixedly connected.It is connect by vertical supporting bar with terminal mould mobile device 3, connection is more firm.The knot of support rod 46 Structure selects fashioned iron, draws materials more convenient, cost is lower.The bottom of lower mold 42 is equipped with for holding mould and inverted arch to excavate scar support Fixed fixed connection apparatus.Fixed connection apparatus uses bolt support bar 47.Bolt support bar 47 is selected to can guarantee fixed connect Connection device is particularly for optical or photographic, is fixed with facilitating end mould and inverted arch to excavate scar support.The lower part of lower mold 42, which is equipped with, to be used In the enhancing ring 48 of connecting mold lifting device 44.Mold lifting device 44 is to promote jack or hydraulic automatic lifting device.End Device used for moving moulds 43 includes bracket 431, the traveling wheel 432 cooperated on bracket 431 with track is arranged in, and traveling wheel 432 is arranged In orbit.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of inverted arch arcuate die, and in the present embodiment, inverted arch arcuate die 3 includes upper section arc mould Have 31, lower section arcuate die 32, mould lifting device 34, lower section arcuate die 32 is along the arc of upper section arcuate die 31 to hinged Below upper section arcuate die 31, the end face of inverted arch arcuate die 3 is connected to the end face of inverted arch Side Template 4, and inverted arch Side Template 4 moves Drive upper section arcuate die 31 and lower section arcuate die 32 mobile while dynamic, one end of mould lifting device 34 and upper section arc Mold 31 connects, and the other end is connect with the lower part of lower section arcuate die 32, for promoting 32 fold inward of lower section arcuate die.On Section arcuate die 31 includes the cope plate 311 of arc and the sub-truss 312 for being fixed at 311 inside of cope plate.Support The upside of truss 312 is slope, facilitates the passage of vehicle, and the top of sub-truss 312, which is equipped with, plays lifting for connecting mold The force bearing ring 313 set.Lower section arcuate die 32 includes lower template 321 and the bearing longitudinal for being fixed at 321 inside of lower template Cross beam support frame 322.Lower section arcuate die 32 is hinged by moveable hinge 35 and upper section arcuate die 31.Mould lifting device 34 Using promotion jack or hydraulic automatic lifting device.To facilitate promotion or decentralization lower section arcuate die 32, in mold traveling, under Section 32 folded lifting of arcuate die gets up.The lower end of lower section arcuate die 32 is equipped with support rod 36.Mould support is being excavated Face upward ground surface, facilitate fixing mould.
The voluntarily application method of integral type tunnel inverted arch device, inverted arch device bulk-breaking is segmented prefabricated processing, after being transported to scene Assembled integral, operational method are as follows: the first step, top lifting trestle main couple 11 are supported on one end of stack optimization design of bridge main truss 11 On rear end supporting point (i.e. support frame 21), the other end, which is supported on, not to be excavated on inverted arch scar 19;Second step, will using jack is promoted Support frame 21 lifts, and above mentions vacantly with the track of travelling wheel 18 with support frame 21 under support frame 21;Third step, moving rail Support frame 21 is fallen after in place using electric hinge moving track in road;4th step puts down jacking apparatus 6, by trestle beam 11 It puts off on support frame 21, while inverted arch slope section 12 being lifted, after the rear end of trestle beam 11 hangs counterweight, start inverted arch stack 1 mobile device of bridge, trestle is synchronous with support frame 21 to push ahead along track, after movement in place, fixed inverted arch trestle 1;5th step, Excavate inverted arch ground under trestle;6th step, after the completion of excavating operation, mobile inverted arch arcuate die 3, inverted arch Side Template 4 and centre Ditch template 5, when mobile, 3 front end of inverted arch arcuate die is connect with inverted arch Side Template 4, is supported on inverted arch Side Template 4, rear end Inverted arch section is being completed in traveling, and intermediate 5 front end of ditch template, which is also connect with inverted arch Side Template 4, to be supported on inverted arch Side Template 4, after Hold traveling excessively on the concrete surface of ditch.After trolley is in place, fixed inverted arch Side Template 4, inverted arch arcuate die 3 and centre Ditch template 5;7th step pours gradation inverted arch and fill concrete;Later, after inverted arch fill concrete reaches intensity, weight Multiple above-mentioned steps carry out next section of inverted arch construction.
Finally, it is stated that above embodiments are merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present application, but not for limiting the present application, although ginseng The utility model is described in detail according to preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art should understand that, it can be to this The technical solution of utility model is modified or replaced equivalently, without departing from the objective and model of technical solutions of the utility model It encloses, should all cover in the scope of the claims of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: including inverted arch trestle and walking below inverted arch trestle is arranged in Row portion, inverted arch arcuate die, inverted arch Side Template, ditch template further include the jacking apparatus for jacking inverted arch trestle, it is described walk Row portion includes the support frame for being used to support inverted arch trestle, and support frame as described above is moveable, and the inverted arch Side Template is perpendicular to facing upward The length direction for encircleing trestle, is movably attached the lower section of inverted arch trestle, and one end of inverted arch arcuate die and ditch template is equal It is connected on the same end face of inverted arch Side Template, the inverted arch arcuate die is symmetrically arranged two groups, and ditch template-setup exists Between two groups of inverted arch arcuate dies.
2. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 1 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the inverted arch Side Template includes The mobile dress of upper mold, the lower mold being hinged below upper mold, the terminal mould for driving upper mold and lower mold to move horizontally It sets and the mold lifting device for promoting lower mold fold, the terminal mould mobile device is arranged by track in trestle It above and with the top of upper mold connect, one end of the mold lifting device is fixed in terminal mould mobile device, another End is connect with the lower part of lower mold.
3. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 1 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the inverted arch arcuate die packet Include upper section arcuate die, lower section arcuate die, mould lifting device, lower section arcuate die is along the arc of upper section arcuate die to hinge It connects below upper section arcuate die, one end of inverted arch arcuate die is connected to the end face of inverted arch Side Template, can be with inverted arch end mould Plate is mobile, and one end of the mould lifting device is connect with upper section arcuate die, and the lower part of the other end and lower section arcuate die connects It connects, for promoting lower section arcuate die fold inward.
4. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 1 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the EEF bogie includes setting It is used to support the support frame of inverted arch trestle below inverted arch trestle, rack is equipped between the inverted arch trestle and support frame and is lifted by crane Device, the bottom of support frame as described above are equipped with travelling wheel and the track with travelling wheel cooperation, and support frame as described above includes left branch Support, right support frame and the connection left support frame, the connecting rod of right support frame, the left support frame, right support frame difference The lower section of the left and right side girder truss of inverted arch trestle is set.
5. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 1-4 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the inverted arch stack Bridge includes two trestle beams disposed in parallel, and two trestle beams link into an integrated entity.
6. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 5 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the trestle beam includes level The main couple of setting, one end of the main couple are connected with the inverted arch slope section of arc, the upper end of the inverted arch slope section and master Truss connection, lower end ground connection.
7. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 6 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: inverted arch slope section and the master It is with main couple by being movably hinged device hingedly that truss, which connects the top of one end, and inverted arch slope section is connect with the main couple The lower part of one end is equipped with the first lip block.
8. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 7 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: support frame as described above and inverted arch stack The second lip block is equipped between bridge.
9. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 8 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: the lower end of inverted arch slope section is set There is idler wheel.
10. voluntarily integral type tunnel according to claim 9 inverted arch device, it is characterised in that: lead between two trestle beams Connecting rod is crossed to link into an integrated entity.
CN201821563420.0U 2018-09-24 2018-09-24 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device Expired - Fee Related CN208763671U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821563420.0U CN208763671U (en) 2018-09-24 2018-09-24 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821563420.0U CN208763671U (en) 2018-09-24 2018-09-24 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device

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CN201821563420.0U Expired - Fee Related CN208763671U (en) 2018-09-24 2018-09-24 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109139050A (en) * 2018-09-24 2019-01-04 重庆工商职业学院 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device
CN111677528A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-09-18 中铁隧道局集团建设有限公司 Tunnel ditch construction rack

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109139050A (en) * 2018-09-24 2019-01-04 重庆工商职业学院 Voluntarily integral type tunnel inverted arch device
CN109139050B (en) * 2018-09-24 2024-01-30 重庆工商职业学院 Self-propelled integrated tunnel inverted arch device
CN111677528A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-09-18 中铁隧道局集团建设有限公司 Tunnel ditch construction rack

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Granted publication date: 20190419

Termination date: 20190924