CN208732886U - A kind of solid-liquid separation system - Google Patents

A kind of solid-liquid separation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208732886U
CN208732886U CN201820578089.3U CN201820578089U CN208732886U CN 208732886 U CN208732886 U CN 208732886U CN 201820578089 U CN201820578089 U CN 201820578089U CN 208732886 U CN208732886 U CN 208732886U
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solid
dehydration tube
connecting rod
dehydration
roller
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CN201820578089.3U
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石玉书
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Liyang Taihe Mechanical And Electrical Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Liyang Taihe Mechanical And Electrical Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of solid-liquid separation systems, belong to solid-liquid separating equipment, it is intended to provide a kind of extruded solid-liquid separation system of raising solidliquid mixture, to solve the bad disadvantage of solidliquid mixture separating effect, its technical solution is as follows, including squeezing solid-liquid separating machine and horizontal drum dewaterer, the extruding solid-liquid separating machine includes that the one end of rack, the dehydration tube being set in rack, the spiral conveyor rod being placed in dehydration tube, the driving device for being set to dehydration tube one end and spiral conveyor rod being driven to rotate, dehydration tube far from driving device is slag notch;The slag notch is provided with extruding force regulating mechanism;Cartridge filter is fixedly installed in the dehydration tube, there are gaps between the cartridge filter and the barrel of dehydration tube;The dehydration tube is provided with feed hopper on the upside of driving device one end;Liquid outlet is provided on the downside of the dehydration tube;The discharge port is connected to the feed hopper of horizontal drum dewaterer.The utility model is suitable for the separation of excrement of animals.

Description

A kind of solid-liquid separation system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solid-liquid separating equipment, in particular to a kind of solid-liquid separation system.
Background technique
With livestock and poultry cultivation scale, the continuous improvement of intensive degree, livestock and poultry cultivation produces a large amount of excrement.Processing Good farm excrement is the requirement for guaranteeing the reasonable environment of farm, and avoids pollution ambient enviroment and cause the method law of public hazards Rule require, and handle well, it is exactly fertilizer, and eliminates pollution, and processing is bad, it is exactly pollution sources, and wastes treasured Expensive organic manure resource.Feces of livestock and poultry is handled by the way of separation of solid and liquid, the argol after separation is convenient for storage, fortune It is defeated, it is the production optimal raw material of biomass organic fertilizer, the liquid excrement after separation can be directly entered methane-generating pit fermentation and produce Gas is not easy to form methane-generating pit precipitating, is good liquid organic fertilizer after everfermentation.The mode being separated by solid-liquid separation is mainly logical It crosses solid-liquid separating machine and carries out screw extrusion.
Notification number is that the Chinese patent of CN205522608U discloses a kind of screw extruding type solid-liquid separator, it includes electricity Machine, overflow port, strainer, helical blade, dewatering cavity, dispersion leaf, bearing, ash gate, discharge outlet, weight, feed inlet, emergency overflow Mouthful;Motor is connected by axis with screw extrusion axis, helical blade is welded on screw extrusion axis, screw extrusion axis is set to level In cylindrical chamber body, cylindrical cavity is provided with overflow port close to one end top of motor, and lower part is provided with feed inlet and emergency Overflow port, the cylindrical cavity of overflow port right part are dewatering cavity, are dehydrated in the gap between cavity wall and helical blade and are provided with Strainer, dewatering cavity lower part are provided with discharge outlet;Dewatering cavity right end is slag-drip opening, and ash gate is connected with link mechanism, link mechanism On be provided with the weight of counterweight;It stretches out on slag-drip opening and the extension axis of helical axis one and is provided with dispersion leaf.
Existing solid-liquid separation method is to be separated by above-mentioned screw extruding type solid-liquid separator, and work as separated Solidliquid mixture in moisture content it is larger when, directly solidliquid mixture is sent in screw extruding type solid-liquid separator and is carried out When separation, the mobility of solidliquid mixture is larger, to make the extruded effect decline of solidliquid mixture, eventually leads to solid-liquid Separating effect is bad.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of solid-liquid separation systems, have and improve the extruded effect of solidliquid mixture Fruit.
The above-mentioned technical purpose of the utility model has the technical scheme that
A kind of solid-liquid separation system, including
Solid-liquid separating machine is squeezed, including rack, the dehydration tube being set in rack, the helical feed being placed in dehydration tube Bar, the one end of driving device, dehydration tube far from driving device for being set to dehydration tube one end and driving spiral conveyor rod rotation are Slag notch;
The slag notch is provided with extruding force regulating mechanism;
Cartridge filter is fixedly installed in the dehydration tube, there are gaps between the cartridge filter and the barrel of dehydration tube;
The dehydration tube is provided with feed hopper on the upside of driving device one end;It is provided with out on the downside of the dehydration tube Liquid mouth;
Horizontal drum dewaterer, including bracket, dehydration shell and filter drum, the dehydration shell is arranged on bracket, described Both ends in dehydration shell are respectively arranged with a pair of of carrying roller, and the filter drum setting is in dehydration shell and is erected on carrying roller, institute It states filter drum position corresponding with carrying roller and is provided with ring-shaped guide rail, described dehydration shell one end is provided with the drive of driving carrying roller rotation Motivation structure;
One end of the dehydration shell is provided with feed pipe, and discharge port is provided on the downside of the other end, and the feed pipe extends To filter drum, the discharge port forms water chamber by partition towards the side of feed pipe, is provided on the water chamber Water outlet is provided with helical feed plate on the filter drum inner wall, and the bolt delivery board is spiraled by one end of filter drum To the other end;
The height of the discharge port is higher than feed hopper, and the discharge port is connected to feed hopper.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, solidliquid mixture is sent in filter drum first by feed pipe, is driven Mechanism drives carrying roller rotation, and carrying roller rotation drives filter drum rotation, and the rotation of filter drum can be such that helical feed plate pushes away on one side Dynamic solidliquid mixture is mobile to discharge port;On one side by filter drum by moisture filter a large amount of in solidliquid mixture and from water outlet Mouth discharge;To make the moisture in the solidliquid mixture of discharge port output largely reduce, dehydration then is input to from feed hopper again In cylinder, since the moisture for the solidliquid mixture being input in dehydration tube is reduced, flowing of the solidliquid mixture in dehydration tube Property reduce, driving device driving spiral conveyor rod rotation solidliquid mixture is squeezed, keep solidliquid mixture abundant Extruding and the moisture that can not independently flow out remaining squeezes out, to improve solid-liquid separation effect.
Further, the cartridge filter includes filter house and the connecting flange for being fixed on filter house both ends, the filter house Filtering rod including several strips, several filtering rod circumference array form the filter house, the adjacent filtering rod it Between formed strip filter hole;
The filter hole is provided with material toggling block close to one end of slag notch, and the material toggling block is clamped in two neighboring filtering rod Between and fix with filtering rod;
Inside and outside two sides are coplanar with inside and outside cartridge filter respectively for the material toggling block;
The material toggling block is provided with far from one end of slag notch draws material inclined-plane, the material inclined-plane that draws towards spiral conveyor rod, The outside drawn material inclined-plane and extend to material toggling block.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, material is added in dehydration tube by feed hopper, spiral shell is driven by driving device Conveying lever rotation is revolved to material be pushed toward slag notch direction, extruding of the material by spiral conveyor rod and extruding force regulating mechanism Effect squeezes out the moisture in material to be extruded, and moisture is reserved from liquid outlet through filter hole, and rest materials are from slagging tap Mouth discharge.During material is mobile to slag notch, partial material can be entered in filter hole, and filter hole is strip, Therefore the material being embedded into filter hole is mobile mobile to slag notch direction by the material in cartridge filter, and is not easy to rest on filtering Filter hole is caused quickly to be blocked in hole;Material in filter hole is by the mobile effect of material in cartridge filter and to slag notch side To when movement, the material in filter hole is moved by the guiding function for drawing material inclined-plane into cartridge filter, and then can will be filtered Material in hole is sent in cartridge filter and the discharge that is squeezed, and is not easy that material is made to rest on always in filter hole and cause filter hole Blocking.
Further, be arranged with several reinforcing rings on the cartridge filter, the reinforcing ring along cartridge filter axial direction array and with Filtering rod is fixedly connected;
The outside of the reinforcing ring is not contradicted with dehydration tube inner wall.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, during material carries out extruding water outlet in cartridge filter, material is for mistake Filter item can generate outside pressure, and reinforcing ring set is unlikely to deform filtering rod on the outside of filtering rod, thus enable cartridge filter into The normal filtration of row, to improve the service life of cartridge filter.
Further, there are three adjustment block, each adjustment blocks for circumference array respectively on the outside of the both ends of the cartridge filter On be provided with threaded hole one;
Position corresponding with threaded hole one is provided with threaded hole two on the dehydration tube;
The threaded hole one is bolted with threaded hole two.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, cartridge filter is inserted into dehydration tube, with bolt respectively by threaded hole one and spiral shell Pit two connects, to realize that cartridge filter is fixed on inside dehydration tube, the both ends of cartridge filter pass through circumference array respectively Three tie points are attached, and are easy to that cartridge filter is made to keep coaxial with dehydration tube, are improved the stability in use of cartridge filter.
Further, side of the adjustment block far from cartridge filter is contradicted in arc surface and with the inner wall of dehydration tube.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after cartridge filter is inserted into dehydration tube, due to three adjustment blocks directly with it is de- The inner wall of water drum contradicts, therefore it is coaxial with dehydration tube to can be realized as before not being fixed cartridge filter;After also facilitating simultaneously The fixation of continuous bolt, improves installation effectiveness.
Further, it is covered with feed pipe on the feed hopper, overflow pipe, the overflow pipe are connected on the feed pipe Upwardly extend the top of setting feed pipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when feeding too fast in feed hopper, by overflow pipe by extra material removal, The material in dehydration tube is set to be advanced by normal extrusion, so that the water in material efficiently be separated.It upwardly extends Overflow pipe being capable of object after feed hopper generates a small amount of overflow, when that can accommodate material again in dehydration tube, in overflow pipe Material is timely flowed into dehydration tube under the effect of gravity, improves the utilization rate of material.
Further, the pressure regulating mechanism includes upper ash gate, lower dreg discharging door, connecting rod one, connecting rod two, weight;
The upper ash gate is hinged by the upside of shaft one and dehydration tube far from driving device one end, the upper ash gate Side be fixed with connecting rod, the connecting rod is parallel with shaft one, described one one end of connecting rod it is vertical with connecting rod and with connection Bar rotation connection;
The lower dreg discharging door is hinged by the downside of shaft two and dehydration tube far from driving device one end, the connecting rod 21 End is vertical with shaft two to be fixedly connected, and the connecting rod two is located at lower dreg discharging door towards the side of driving device;
The one end of the connecting rod one far from connecting rod and the middle part of shaft two are hinged;
The weight is set on connecting rod two.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the gravity of weight is applied on connecting rod two, makes connecting rod two to lower swing, and then is driven Dynamic lower dreg discharging door, which is flipped up, plays barrier effect to the material being discharged from slag notch;Connecting rod one passes through connecting rod for upper ash gate It pulls down, to play barrier effect to the material of slag notch discharge;Pass through spiral conveyor rod and upper ash gate, lower dreg discharging door Cooperation squeezes material, so that the moisture in material be squeezed out and be discharged by liquid outlet.
Further, the connecting rod two is divided into linkage section and thread segment as separation using the position hinged with connecting rod one, leans on Nearly shaft two is linkage section, and the weight upper end is fixedly connected with nut, and the nut is threadedly coupled with the end of thread.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when needing to adjust the extruding force of upper ash gate and lower dreg discharging door to material, rotation Turn nut is adjusted position of the weight on thread segment, and for weight to far from the movement of shaft two, upper ash gate, lower dreg discharging door are right The extruding force of material becomes larger, and the moisture in material can more be separated.
Further, the lower end of the weight is provided with hook.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when the inadequate requirement of the gravity of weight, it is heavy that other can be hung on hook Object is to improve extruding force.
Further, the angle of the rack lower end four is provided with movable pulley.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting of movable pulley is convenient for squeezing the movement of solid-liquid separating machine, very convenient.
In conclusion the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. improving the separation of solid and liquid of solidliquid mixture using the combination of horizontal drum dewaterer and extruding solid-liquid separating machine Effect;
2. the setting of material toggling block has achieved the effect that dial in the material in filter hole in cartridge filter;
3. the setting of reinforcing ring strengthens the intensity of filtering rod;
4. the overflow pipe upwardly extended enables extra material to draw off and guarantee the normal work of cartridge filter;
5. the cooperation of weight top nut and thread segment realizes the adjusting of extruding force.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is to show in the present embodiment for embodying horizontal drum dewaterer and squeezing the connection relationship between solid-liquid separating machine It is intended to;
Fig. 2 is in the present embodiment for embodying bracket and being dehydrated the connection relationship diagram of shell;
Fig. 3 is in the present embodiment for embodying carrying roller, roller, the connection relationship diagram between driving motor;
Fig. 4 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram of feed pipe;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing in the portion A in Fig. 4 to embody feed pipe, connecting plate and the connection relationship diagram of baffle;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in the portion B in Fig. 4 to embody the matching relationship schematic diagram between scraper plate and water blocking ring plate;
Fig. 7 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram of roller;
Fig. 8 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram of cleaning mechanism;
Fig. 9 is in the present embodiment for embodying the positional diagram between cleaning pipe and roller;
Figure 10 is in the present embodiment for embodying driving device, dehydration tube, the connection relationship between extruding force regulating mechanism Schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram in dehydration tube;
Figure 12 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram of cartridge filter;
Figure 13 is the enlarged drawing in the portion C in Figure 11, for embodying the structural schematic diagram of material toggling block;
Figure 14 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram of extruding force regulating mechanism.
In figure, 101, horizontal drum dewaterer;1, bracket;2, it is dehydrated shell;21, carrying roller;22, driving device;23, it feeds Pipe;231, connecting plate;232, baffle;24, discharge port;25, partition;26, water chamber;261, water outlet;27, windshield wiper blade;3, it rolls Cylinder;31, screen drum;311, metal cylinder;3111, permeable hole;312, sieve;3121, helical feed plate;32, fixed ring one;321, Ring-shaped guide rail;322, water blocking ring plate;33, fixed ring two;4, cleaning mechanism;41, cleaning pipe;411, it exports;42, water pump;421, Pipeline one;4211, valve one;43, air blower;431, pipeline two;4311, valve two;501, solid-liquid separating machine is squeezed;5, machine Frame;51, movable pulley;6, dehydration tube;61, feed hopper;611, feed pipe;612, overflow pipe;62, liquid outlet;63, slag notch;64, Threaded hole two;65, gap;7, cartridge filter;71, filter house;711, filtering rod;712, filter hole;72, connecting flange;73, material toggling Block;731, draw material inclined-plane;74, reinforcing ring;75, adjustment block;751, threaded hole one;752, arc surface;8, spiral conveyor rod;81, Driving mechanism;9, extruding force regulating mechanism;91, upper ash gate;911, shaft one;912, connecting rod;92, connecting rod one;93, lower row Slag door;931, shaft two;94, connecting rod two;941, linkage section;942, thread segment;95, weight;951, it links up with;952, nut.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.
Wherein identical components are presented with like reference characters.It should be noted that word used in the following description Language "front", "rear", "left", "right", "up" and "down" refer to the direction in attached drawing, word " bottom surface " and " top surface ", "inner" and "outside" refers respectively to the direction towards or away from geometric center of specific component.
A kind of solid-liquid separation system, as shown in Figure 1, including horizontal drum dewaterer 101 interconnected and extruding solid-liquid Seperator 501 first goes out most moisture to solidliquid mixture primary dcreening operation by horizontal drum dewaterer 101, then by extruding solid-liquid Seperator 501 squeezes out the solid slag in solidliquid mixture, separates water and solid slag further.
As shown in figure 3, horizontal drum dewaterer 101(is referring to Fig. 1) it include bracket 1, the dehydration shell 2 being fixed on bracket 1 (referring to fig. 2) and it is set to the roller 3 being dehydrated in shell 2, the both ends in dehydration shell 2 are respectively arranged with a pair of of carrying roller 21;Rolling Cylinder 3 includes screen drum 31 and fixed ring 1 and fixed ring 2 33 that 31 both ends of screen drum are arranged in, fixed ring 1 and fixed ring two The ring-shaped guide rail 321 cooperated with carrying roller 21 is provided on 33, the cooperation of ring-shaped guide rail 321 and carrying roller 21 is rotating roller 3 During be not susceptible to move, dehydration shell 2 outside be fixedly connected with driving carrying roller 21 rotate driving device 22, this In embodiment, driving device 22 is driving motor.
As shown in figure 3, dehydration shell 2(is referring to fig. 2) one end of fixed ring 2 33 is provided with feed pipe 23, the other end Downside is provided with discharge port 24.Feed pipe 23 extends in fixed ring 2 33 and by connecting plate 231(referring to Fig. 5) it is connected with Baffle 232(is referring to Fig. 5), baffle 232 is vertical with the discharging direction of feed pipe 23, discharging direction and the roller 3 of feed pipe 23 It is axial parallel;The lower section that discharge port 24 is located at fixed ring 1 is provided with partition 25, partition 25 towards feed pipe 23 side with It is dehydrated shell 2(referring to fig. 2) bottom formation water chamber 26, the side of partition 25 is provided with water outlet in 26 bottom of water chamber 261。
As shown in figure 3, roller 3, in the dehydration tilted setting of shell 2, the height of fixed ring 2 33 is higher than the height of fixed ring 1 Degree, roller 3 and level are in 5 °.Make solidliquid mixture in roller 3 can because of gravity effect and to 24 direction of discharge port move It is dynamic.
As shown in fig. 7, screen drum 31 includes metal cylinder 311 and the sieve 312 for being tightly attached to 311 inner wall of metal cylinder, metal Several permeable holes 3111 are evenly distributed on cylinder 311, the aperture of permeable hole 3111 is greater than the mesh aperture of sieve 312, passes through The metal structure of metal cylinder 311 reinforces the intensity of sieve 312, and sieve 312 is made to be not susceptible to deform during the filtration process, and And the moisture that the setting of permeable hole 3111 enables sieve 312 to filter normally passes through.In order to improve solidliquid mixture in screen drum Helical feed plate 3121 is arranged in mobile efficiency in 31 on the inner wall of sieve 312, and helical feed plate 3121 is in sieve 312 It spirals and helical feed plate 3121 spirals from fixed ring 1 to fixed ring 2 33, enable the solidliquid mixture in roller 3 It is mobile to 24 direction of discharge port by the effect of helical feed plate 3121.
As shown in fig. 6, being arranged with a water blocking ring plate 322 in fixed ring 1, water blocking ring plate 322 is arranged in ring-shaped guide rail 321 towards the side of screen drum 31, and water blocking ring plate 322 is tilted to 2 33 direction of fixed ring, makes water blocking ring plate 322 and screen drum 31 Axial direction between be in 60 ° to 80 °, in the present embodiment, the axial angle of water blocking ring plate 322 and screen drum 31 is 80 °.Because of roller 3 with it is horizontal be in 5 °, the axial angle of water blocking ring plate 322 and screen drum 31 is 80 °, just makes water blocking ring plate 322 in overturning to screen drum 31 When top, water blocking ring plate 322 is still to two 33(of fixed ring referring to Fig. 3) direction inclination, it is not easy the moisture in water blocking ring plate 322 Cross and reach fixed ring 1 and from discharge port 24(referring to Fig. 3) outflow.
As shown in figure 3, dehydration shell 2(referring to fig. 2) along the two sides of 3 axial direction of roller be respectively arranged with windshield wiper blade 27 (referring to Fig. 6), windshield wiper blade 27 extend to water blocking ring plate 322 towards the side of roller 3 and with water blocking ring plate 322 towards roller 3 Side contradict.Height and position of the windshield wiper blade 27 among water blocking ring plate 322.Windshield wiper blade 27 can will be in water blocking ring plate 322 Moisture scrapes, and makes moisture be not easy to be taken to the top of roller 3 by water blocking ring plate 322, and then moisture is made to be not easy to cross water blocking ring plate 322。
As shown in figure 9, being provided with cleaning mechanism 4(referring to Fig. 8 positioned at the top of roller 3 in dehydration shell 2), cleaning mechanism 4 Including cleaning pipe 41 and water pump 42;It is axial parallel with roller 3 to clean pipe 41, the setting of water pump 42 is on dehydration shell 2, and water pump 42 output end is connected to by pipeline 1 with the one end for cleaning pipe 41, and the valve of control circulation status is provided on pipeline 1 Door 1 is provided with outlet 411 in the side of cleaning pipe 41 towards roller 3, and the outlet 411 is along the axial direction side for cleaning pipe 41 To opening up.
As shown in figure 9, being provided with air blower 43 on dehydration shell 2, the output end of air blower 43 is by pipeline 2 431 and clearly Clean pipe 41 is connected to far from one end of pipeline 1, and the valve 2 4311 of control circulation status is provided on pipeline 2 431.
As shown in Figure 10, solid-liquid separating machine 501(is squeezed referring to Fig. 1) include rack 5, be fixed in rack 5 shape as circle The dehydration tube 6 of tubular is equipped with spiral conveyor rod 8(referring to Figure 11 in dehydration tube 6), one end of dehydration tube 6 is provided with drive The driving mechanism 81 that dynamic spiral conveyor rod 8 rotates, in the present embodiment, driving mechanism 81 are driving motor.Dehydration tube 6 is far from drive One end of motivation structure 81 is slag notch 63, and the downside of dehydration tube 6 offers liquid outlet 62(referring to Figure 11), dehydration tube 6 is close to drive Motivation structure is provided with feed hopper 61 on the upside of 81 one end.Be provided in dehydration tube 6 the cartridge filter 7(concentric with dehydration tube 6 referring to Figure 11), feed hopper 61 is between driving mechanism 81 and cartridge filter 7, between cartridge filter 7 and the barrel of dehydration tube 6 setting there are Gap 65(is referring to Figure 11), so that the moisture filtered by cartridge filter 7 can be discharged by the gap 65.It is arranged in slag notch 63 There is extruding force regulating mechanism 9, so that solidliquid mixture can be squeezed and squeeze out moisture.Four angles of 5 lower end of rack point It is not provided with movable pulley 51, to facilitate the movement of whole equipment.
As shown in figure 12, cartridge filter 7 includes filter house 71 and the connecting flange 72 for being fixed on 71 both ends of filter house, filter house 71 include the filtering rod 711(of several root long bar shapeds referring to Figure 13), several filtering rods 711 are with the center of circle Circle-Array of connecting flange 72 Column form the filter house 71, and the filter hole 712 of strip is formed between two neighboring filtering rod 711.It can by filter hole 712 Moisture filter in solidliquid mixture is come out and from liquid outlet 62(referring to Figure 11) discharge.It is arranged on cartridge filter 7 several Reinforcing ring 74, reinforcing ring 74 is fixedly connected along the axial array of cartridge filter 7 and with the outside of filtering rod 711, outside reinforcing ring 74 Diameter is less than the internal diameter of dehydration tube 6, and then does not contact reinforcing ring 74 to guarantee the water energy filtered out of cartridge filter 7 with dehydration tube 6 It is enough to be smoothly discharged from liquid outlet 62.
As shown in figure 12, there are three adjustment block 75, each adjustment blocks 75 for circumference array respectively on the side wall at 7 both ends of cartridge filter It is with dehydration tube 6(referring to Figure 10 far from the side of cartridge filter 7) concentric arc surface 752, it opens up in each adjustment block 75 Have threaded hole 1, position corresponding with threaded hole 1 is provided with two 64(of threaded hole referring to Figure 10 on dehydration tube 6), when After in the installation to dehydration tube 6 of cartridge filter 7, arc surface 752 and the inner wall of dehydration tube 6 are located in, and threaded hole 1 and screw thread Hole 2 64 is corresponding and is bolted.
As shown in figure 13, material toggling block 73 is provided between two adjacent filtering rods 711, the setting of material toggling block 73 is being filtered Cylinder 7(referring to Figure 11) close to slag notch 63 one end, material toggling block 73 be clamped between two filtering rods 711 and with filtering rod 711 Fixed, the other opposite two sides of material toggling block 73 are coplanar with inside and outside cartridge filter 7 respectively.In material toggling block 73 far from slag notch 63 One end be provided with and draw material inclined-plane 731, this draws material inclined-plane 731 towards spiral conveyor rod 8(referring to Figure 11), and draw material inclined-plane 731 extend to inside by the outside of material toggling block 73.
As shown in figure 11, be covered with conveying pipeline 611 on feed hopper 61,611 upper side wall of conveying pipeline upwardly extend to be formed it is excessive Flow tube 612, overflow pipe 612 are located at the top of conveying pipeline 611.When the solidliquid mixture that conveying pipeline 611 inputs is excessive, can pass through Overflow pipe 612 discharges a part, to alleviate the pressure in dehydration tube 6, while overflow pipe 612 is upwardly extended can be There are timely filling into the solidliquid mixture overflowed in overflow pipe 612 when the space that can be filled into dehydration tube 6, reach abundant benefit With the purpose of solidliquid mixture.
As shown in figure 14, extruding force regulating mechanism 9(is referring to Figure 10) it include upper ash gate 91, lower dreg discharging door 93, connecting rod one 92, connecting rod 2 94, weight 95.Upper ash gate 91 is cut with scissors by shaft 1 and dehydration tube 6 far from the upside of 81 one end of driving mechanism It connects, upper ash gate 91 has gap between dehydration tube 6 in the state turned under normal, which is cm to cm, in this implementation In example, which is cm.A connecting rod 912 parallel with shaft 1, connecting rod one are fixedly connected on upper ash gate 91 92 one end are vertical with connecting rod 912 and are rotatablely connected, and it is vertical with shaft 1 that the swing of connecting rod 1 is formed by face.Under Ash gate 93 by shaft 2 931 with dehydration tube 6 far from driving mechanism 81(referring to Figure 11) downside of one end is hinged, lower dreg discharging door 93 are flipped up to cooperatively form with upper ash gate 91 and are fixed on the side of lower dreg discharging door 93 with a slag door, connecting rod 2 94 And it is vertical with shaft 2 931.In the present embodiment, connecting rod 2 94 includes the linkage section 9941 and thread segment 942 of integrally connected, even It connects section 9941 to be fixedly connected with lower dreg discharging door 93, the upper end of weight 95 is fixedly connected with nut 952, nut 952 and thread segment 942 It is threadedly coupled, the lower end of weight 95 is provided with hook 951, can hang remaining by hook 951 when the weight of weight 95 is inadequate Weight is to increase weight.The one end of connecting rod 1 far from upper ash gate 91 and connecting rod 2 94 are hinged, and hinge joint is located at linkage section 9941 with the junction of thread segment 942.
Specific implementation process: position of the rotating nuts 952 on thread segment 942 first, and then adjust under 2 94 pairs of connecting rod The driving force that ash gate 93 applies, and then adjust the extruding force of the solid slag of the solidliquid mixture of 93 pairs of lower dreg discharging door extrusions;Together Sample, connecting rod 1 is also pressed downward by the drive of connecting rod 2 94, and then adjust the solidliquid mixture of upper 91 pairs of extrusions of ash gate The extruding force of solid slag.
Driving motor drives carrying roller 21 to rotate, and the rotation of carrying roller 21 drives roller 3 to rotate;By solidliquid mixture from feed pipe 23 Input, by the effect of baffle 232 without directly being sprayed to 24 direction of discharge port when solidliquid mixture is exported from feed pipe 23, and It is to scatter under the action of baffle 232 along 232 place face of baffle, solidliquid mixture is enable to scatter and lead to moisture quickly The filtering of sieve 312 is crossed, in addition also makes solidliquid mixture that there is longer filter run in roller 3, so that solidliquid mixture Moisture filter is more abundant;During roller 3 rotates, the moisture in solidliquid mixture passes through sieve 312 and permeable hole 3111 filtering drops down onto water chamber 26, and is discharged by water outlet 261, and filtered solid slag in roller 3 by The effect of helical feed plate 3121 and constantly roll and mobile to 24 direction of discharge port, while inclined roller 3 can also make Solid slag is mobile to 24 direction of discharge port;Due to being obliquely installed for roller 3, the water a part filtered out understands fair current to fixed ring One 32, and since water blocking ring plate 322 blocks this part water, so that this part water be made to be not easy by 322 band of water blocking ring plate to fixation One 32 top of ring, while water blocking ring plate 322 is tilted to 2 33 direction of fixed ring, and moisture is further made to be not easy to cross water blocking ring plate 322 in fixed ring 1, and then so that moisture is not easily passed through fixed ring 1 and be flowed into discharge port 24, and the moisture after making separation is not Easily converge output again with solid slag.
The solid slag exported from discharge port 24 enters through feed pipe 11 and is input in dehydration tube 2, then driving mechanism 81 Starting driving spiral conveyor rod 8 rotates, and solidliquid mixture is added in feed hopper 61 by conveying pipeline 611, then from charging Bucket 61 is flowed into dehydration tube 6, mobile to 63 direction of slag notch under the action of spiral conveyor rod 8, solid in the process of moving Liquid mixture by spiral conveyor rod 8, upper ash gate 91 and lower dreg discharging door 93 effect and be extruded, the moisture in solidliquid mixture It is extruded out, be then discharged by the filter hole 712 on cartridge filter 7 by moisture filter and from liquid outlet 62;There is solid slag It enters in filter hole 712, since spiral conveyor rod 8 constantly pushes solidliquid mixture mobile to slag notch 63, and then solid-liquid Solid slag after mixture squeezes can stir the solid slag being trapped in filter hole 712 in the process of moving, with solid slag Mobile to 63 direction of slag notch, the solid slag in filter hole 712 also can be mobile to 63 direction of slag notch together, when solid slag is mobile During touch material toggling block 73 after, on material toggling block 73 drawing material inclined-plane 731 solid slag is guided into dehydration tube 6, Solid slag is set to be not easy to plug in filter hole 712 and can be discharged from slag notch 63.
When needing to clean screen drum 31, valve 2 4311 is closed, air blower 43 is in close state, water pump 42 It works and opens valve 1, water is input to by pipeline 1 by water pump 42 and is flowed into cleaning pipe 41, by exporting 411 ejection clean waters clean roller 3.
During the work time, when needing to blow off the solid slag being detained on sieve 312, valve 2 4311 and air blower are opened 43, valve 1 and water pump 42 are closed, is blown off the solid slag being detained on sieve 312 by the wind blasted, to make sieve 312 can efficiently filter moisture, improve solid-liquid separation effect.
This specific embodiment is only the explanation to the utility model, is not limitations of the present invention, ability Field technique personnel can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but As long as all by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solid-liquid separation system, it is characterized in that: including
It squeezes solid-liquid separating machine (501), including rack (5), the dehydration tube (6) being set on rack (5), is placed in dehydration tube (6) It is interior spiral conveyor rod (8), the driving device (22) for being set to dehydration tube (6) one end and spiral conveyor rod (8) being driven to rotate, de- The one end of water drum (6) far from driving device (22) is slag notch (63);
The slag notch (63) is provided with extruding force regulating mechanism (9);
Is fixedly installed cartridge filter (7) in the dehydration tube (6), between the cartridge filter (7) and the barrel of dehydration tube (6) there are Gap (65);
The dehydration tube (6) is provided with feed hopper (61) on the upside of driving device (22) one end;
Liquid outlet (62) are provided on the downside of the dehydration tube (6);
Horizontal drum dewaterer (101), including bracket (1), dehydration shell (2) and roller (3), dehydration shell (2) setting are being propped up On frame (1), the both ends in dehydration shell (2) are respectively arranged with a pair of of carrying roller (21), and roller (3) setting is in dehydration shell (2) it in and is erected on carrying roller (21), roller (3) includes the fixed ring one (32) of screen drum (31) and setting at screen drum (31) both ends With fixed ring two (33), screen drum (31) includes metal cylinder (311) and the sieve (312) for being tightly attached to metal cylinder (311) inner wall, It is evenly distributed on metal cylinder (311) several permeable holes (3111), the aperture of permeable hole (3111) is greater than the net of sieve (312) Hole aperture, the roller (3) position corresponding with carrying roller (21) are provided with ring-shaped guide rail (321), and described dehydration shell (2) one end is set It is equipped with the driving mechanism (81) of driving carrying roller (21) rotation;
One end of dehydration shell (2) is provided with feed pipe (23), and discharge port (24), the charging are provided on the downside of the other end Pipe (23) extends in roller (3), and the discharge port (24) forms water outlet by partition (25) towards the side of feed pipe (23) Chamber (26) is provided with water outlet (261) on the water chamber (26), is provided with helical feed plate on roller (3) inner wall (3121), the helical feed plate (3121) is spiraled by one end of roller (3) to the other end;
The height of the discharge port (24) is higher than feed hopper (61), and the discharge port (24) is connected to feed hopper (61).
2. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cartridge filter (7) includes filter house (71) and it is fixed on the connecting flange (72) at filter house (71) both ends, the filter house (71) includes the filtering rod of several strips (711), several filtering rod (711) circumference array are formed the filter house (71), shape between the adjacent filtering rod (711) The filter hole (712) of growth bar shaped;
The filter hole (712) is provided with material toggling block (73) close to the one end of slag notch (63), and the material toggling block (73) is clamped in It is between two neighboring filtering rod (711) and fixed with filtering rod (711);
Inside and outside two sides are coplanar with inside and outside cartridge filter (7) respectively for the material toggling block (73);
The material toggling block (73) is provided with far from the one end of slag notch (63) draws material inclined-plane (731), described to draw material inclined-plane (731) court To spiral conveyor rod (8), the outside drawn material inclined-plane (731) and extend to material toggling block (73).
3. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being arranged on the cartridge filter (7) several Reinforcing ring (74), the reinforcing ring (74) are fixedly connected along the axial array of cartridge filter (7) and with filtering rod (711);
The outside of the reinforcing ring (74) is not contradicted with dehydration tube (6) inner wall.
4. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: dividing on the outside of the both ends of the cartridge filter (7) There are three other circumference array adjustment block (75), is provided with threaded hole one (751) on each adjustment block (75);
Position corresponding with threaded hole one (751) is provided with threaded hole two (64) on the dehydration tube (6);
The threaded hole one (751) is bolted with threaded hole two (64).
5. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the adjustment block (75) is far from cartridge filter (7) side is contradicted in arc surface (752) and with the inner wall of dehydration tube (6).
6. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being covered with charging on the feed hopper (61) It manages (23), is connected with overflow pipe (612) on the feed pipe (23), the overflow pipe (612) upwardly extends setting feed pipe (23) top.
7. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the pressure regulating mechanism includes upper deslagging Door (91), lower dreg discharging door (93), connecting rod one (92), connecting rod two (94), weight (95);
Upside of the upper ash gate (91) by shaft one (911) with dehydration tube (6) far from driving device (22) one end is hinged, The side of the upper ash gate (91) is fixed with connecting rod (912), and the connecting rod (912) is parallel with shaft one (911), described Connecting rod one (92) one end is vertical with connecting rod (912) and is rotatablely connected with connecting rod (912);
Downside of the lower dreg discharging door (93) by shaft two (931) with dehydration tube (6) far from driving device (22) one end is hinged, Described connecting rod two (94) one end is vertical with shaft two (931) to be fixedly connected, and the connecting rod two (94) is located at lower dreg discharging door (93) court To the side of driving device (22);
The one end of the connecting rod one (92) far from connecting rod (912) and the middle part of shaft two (931) are hinged;
The weight (95) is set on connecting rod two (94).
8. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the connecting rod two (94) with connecting rod one (92) hinged position is that separation is divided into linkage section (941) and thread segment (942), is linkage section close to shaft two (931) (941), weight (95) upper end is fixedly connected with nut (952), and the nut (952) is threadedly coupled with the end of thread.
9. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the lower end of the weight (95) is provided with extension Hook (951).
10. a kind of solid-liquid separation system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the angle setting of the rack (5) lower end four There are movable pulley (51).
CN201820578089.3U 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 A kind of solid-liquid separation system Active CN208732886U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110252011A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-20 佛山市科屹五金电子有限公司 A kind of slurry separator
CN111393010A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-10 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Duck manure liquid dung supersound mechanical separation system
CN112158970A (en) * 2020-08-26 2021-01-01 南京苏环环境互联科技有限公司 Pressure filtering system and filtering method thereof
CN112169445A (en) * 2020-08-26 2021-01-05 南京苏环环境互联科技有限公司 Filter screen and sewage treatment device and method
CN113457271A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-10-01 浙江水美环保工程有限公司 Preliminary separation device for livestock and poultry manure liquid
CN114455668A (en) * 2022-02-18 2022-05-10 山东一普环境科技有限公司 Screw extrusion centrifugal solid-liquid separator
CN114712930A (en) * 2022-05-13 2022-07-08 吉林大学 Gas-liquid double-spraying-rotary filtering type low-concentration biogas slurry continuous solid-liquid separation device
CN114788963A (en) * 2022-04-06 2022-07-26 苏州傲龙环保科技有限公司 Adjustable solid-liquid separation device
US11518701B2 (en) 2021-11-05 2022-12-06 Wuxi Enbange Machinery Co., Ltd. Ultra-high temperature excrement solid-liquid separation extrusion sterilization integrated machine
WO2023077657A1 (en) * 2021-11-05 2023-05-11 无锡恩邦格机械有限公司 Integrated machine having ultra-high-temperature excrement solid-liquid separation and pressing sterilization functions

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110252011A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-20 佛山市科屹五金电子有限公司 A kind of slurry separator
CN110252011B (en) * 2019-07-17 2023-12-22 佛山市科屹五金电子有限公司 Slag-slurry separation device
CN111393010A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-10 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Duck manure liquid dung supersound mechanical separation system
CN112158970A (en) * 2020-08-26 2021-01-01 南京苏环环境互联科技有限公司 Pressure filtering system and filtering method thereof
CN112169445A (en) * 2020-08-26 2021-01-05 南京苏环环境互联科技有限公司 Filter screen and sewage treatment device and method
CN113457271A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-10-01 浙江水美环保工程有限公司 Preliminary separation device for livestock and poultry manure liquid
US11518701B2 (en) 2021-11-05 2022-12-06 Wuxi Enbange Machinery Co., Ltd. Ultra-high temperature excrement solid-liquid separation extrusion sterilization integrated machine
WO2023077657A1 (en) * 2021-11-05 2023-05-11 无锡恩邦格机械有限公司 Integrated machine having ultra-high-temperature excrement solid-liquid separation and pressing sterilization functions
CN114455668A (en) * 2022-02-18 2022-05-10 山东一普环境科技有限公司 Screw extrusion centrifugal solid-liquid separator
CN114788963B (en) * 2022-04-06 2023-11-24 苏州傲龙环保科技有限公司 Adjustable solid-liquid separation device
CN114788963A (en) * 2022-04-06 2022-07-26 苏州傲龙环保科技有限公司 Adjustable solid-liquid separation device
CN114712930A (en) * 2022-05-13 2022-07-08 吉林大学 Gas-liquid double-spraying-rotary filtering type low-concentration biogas slurry continuous solid-liquid separation device
CN114712930B (en) * 2022-05-13 2023-01-20 吉林大学 Gas-liquid double-spraying-rotary filtering type low-concentration biogas slurry continuous solid-liquid separation device

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