CN208724695U - A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula - Google Patents

A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208724695U
CN208724695U CN201821297643.7U CN201821297643U CN208724695U CN 208724695 U CN208724695 U CN 208724695U CN 201821297643 U CN201821297643 U CN 201821297643U CN 208724695 U CN208724695 U CN 208724695U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
area
culture
crab
water body
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201821297643.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈雷雷
胡庆松
杜舟
李俊
曹佳瑞
郑波
包宁
冉胡泽
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Shanghai Maritime University
Shanghai Ocean University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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Abstract

The crab pool for pushing away the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula the utility model discloses a kind of air lift cultivates self-cleaning system, including culture of Chinese mitten crab area and water body purification area;The water body purification area includes filtering ponds, sterilization pool and cooling tank, and the outlet end of the cooling tank and culture of Chinese mitten crab area intersection are provided with divider wall;Air-lift device is equipped at the divider wall, air-lift device includes compressor, air inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and air-lift device after the water mixing air handled through water body purification area for will be delivered in culture of Chinese mitten crab area.Culture of Chinese mitten crab area is discharged into water body purification area with water by the utility model, by filtering, is sterilized, and after the multi-layer purified treatment of cooling, then by purified water air-lift device push-in culture of Chinese mitten crab area, is realized recycling for water, is reduced the waste of water resource.

Description

A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula
Technical field
The utility model relates to culture of Chinese mitten crab fields, specifically, being related specifically to a kind of air lift pushes away the full pool of water fold-back formula The crab pool of flowing cultivates self-cleaning system.
Background technique
River crab is the most important fresh water crab of China, fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, vegetal pole horn of plenty, with very high Economic value, river crab pond culture is one of major way of crabs production.Currently, river crab cultivation pond cultivation is mainly with quiet The pond pool is planted water plant and is carried out culture of Chinese mitten crab (planting careless crab farming), this kind of mode, which passes through kind of grass and refresh the water periodically, ensures dwelling for river crab Breath, growing environment, achieve certain success, but there is also some significant problems: (1) during changing water, waste water was discharged to week Side water body pollutes, and water resource utilization efficiency is low.(2) water purification cultivation is so that the dissolved oxygen situation of pond waters is undesirable, especially Its night oxygen content of water is told somebody what one's real intentions are.(3) it is the culture of Chinese mitten crab busy season in summer, is the critical stage of river crab growth, but summer high temperature So that cultivating pool water temperature is high, river crab growth even existence is on the hazard.(4) cultivation of pond hydrostatic and river crab are in nature There were significant differences for survival condition under living environment, hinders the further promotion of culture of Chinese mitten crab quality, need realize that flowing water is supported Crab.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that aiming at the shortcomings in the prior art, a kind of air lift is provided and pushes away the full pool stream of water fold-back formula The dynamic crab pool cultivates self-cleaning system, in the case where not changing water, realizes recycling for water resource, the self-purification of water and flowing water are supported Grow river crab.In addition, pointedly solving the problems, such as that still-water pond cultivating river crab exists, such as because pond waters dissolved oxygen is out of condition The problem of causing river crab slow growth and summer water temperature height that river crab growing environment is caused to be deteriorated.
The technical issues of the utility model is solved can be realized using following technical scheme:
A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, including pond, the pond have river Crab culture zone and water body purification area;
Drain bar is equipped between the culture of Chinese mitten crab area and water body purification area, the water body in culture of Chinese mitten crab area is via draining Plate flow to water body purification area;
The water body purification area includes the filtering ponds being connected to culture of Chinese mitten crab area, filtering ponds for removing by culture of Chinese mitten crab area The impurity in the water body come is flowed through, the outlet of filtering ponds is connected to sterilization pool, and bactericidal lamp is equipped in sterilization pool, and bactericidal lamp is used for To in water body virus and bacterium inactivate, the outlet of sterilization pool is connected to cooling tank, the cooling tank top cover There is shading net, shading net is supported for avoiding sunlight from irradiating to reduce the temperature of water body in the outlet end of the cooling tank and river crab It grows area's intersection and is provided with divider wall;
Air-lift device is equipped at the divider wall, air-lift device includes compressor, air inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the compressor It is mounted on divider wall, the compressed gas gas outlet of compressor is communicated with air inlet pipe, and air inlet pipe extends to cooling tank outlet end Bottom, and be connected to outlet pipe, the bore of the outlet pipe is greater than the bore of air inlet pipe, and one end of outlet pipe and air inlet pipe connect Logical, the other end of outlet pipe extends to culture of Chinese mitten crab area, and air-lift device will be for will be empty through water mixing that water body purification area is handled It is delivered to after gas in culture of Chinese mitten crab area.
Further, several soft enclosures are equipped in the culture of Chinese mitten crab area, culture of Chinese mitten crab is partitioned by the soft enclosure The water channel of fold-back formula, the starting point of water channel close on the cooling tank in water body purification area, and the terminal of water channel closes on the filtering in water body purification area Pond.
Further, it is equipped with the several groups discharge outlet that is distributed up and down on the drain bar, a length of the 40 to 50 of discharge outlet Centimetre, width is 30 to 40 centimetres, and sliding slot is offered on the inner wall of discharge outlet, is equipped in sliding slot for switching beating for discharge outlet The moving stop of opening/closing.
Further, it being equipped with anti-return plate in the other end of the outlet pipe, the side of anti-return plate is culture of Chinese mitten crab area, The other side of anti-return plate is water body purification area, is additionally provided with deflector in the other side of anti-return plate.
Further, the depth in the outlet end of the cooling tank and culture of Chinese mitten crab area has 80 to 120 centimetres of drop.
Further, kind being implanted with water plant in the water body of filtering ponds and cultivate has aquatic animal.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
Water body in culture of Chinese mitten crab area is imported into water body purification area, passes through filtering, sterilization, the multi-layer purified treatment of cooling Afterwards, then by purified water air-lift device it is pushed into aquaculture pond, realizes recycling for water, reduces the waste of water resource. Aquaculture pond and clarifier-tank have the design of vertical drop, the water of clarifier-tank deep layer can be pushed into aquaculture pond, both maintain to cultivate The temperature of water body, while increasing the dissolved oxygen amount in water.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is showing for the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system that a kind of air lift described in the utility model pushes away the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula It is intended to.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of air-lift device described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of drain bar described in the utility model.
Specific embodiment
To be easy to understand the technical means, creative features, achievement of purpose, and effectiveness of the utility model, below In conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is further described.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of air lift described in the utility model pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula System, including pond (1), the pond (1) have culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) and water body purification area (3);
Drain bar (18) are equipped between the culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) and water body purification area (3), in culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) Water body flow to water body purification area (3) via drain bar (18);
The water body purification area (3) includes the filtering ponds (11) being connected to culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), filtering ponds (11) for going Except by culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) flow through Lai water body in impurity, the outlet of filtering ponds (11) is connected to sterilization pool (12), is sterilizing Bactericidal lamp (14) are equipped in pond (12), bactericidal lamp (14) be used for in water body virus and bacterium inactivate, sterilization pool (12) Outlet be connected to cooling tank (13), be covered at the top of the cooling tank (13) shading net (15), shading net (15) is used for It avoids sunlight from irradiating to reduce the temperature of water body, is set in the outlet end of the cooling tank (13) and culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) intersection It is equipped with divider wall (4);
Air-lift device (5) are equipped at the divider wall (4), air-lift device (5) includes compressor (9), air inlet pipe (8) and goes out Water pipe (10), the compressor (9) are mounted on divider wall (4), and the compressed gas gas outlet of compressor (9) is communicated with air inlet pipe (8), air inlet pipe (8) extends to the bottom of cooling tank (13) outlet end, and is connected to outlet pipe (10), the outlet pipe (10) Bore is greater than the bore of air inlet pipe (8), and one end of outlet pipe (10) is connected to air inlet pipe (8), and the other end of outlet pipe (10) prolongs It extends to culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), air-lift device (5) after the water mixing air handled through water body purification area (3) for will be delivered to In culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2).
Water body in culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) is sterilized by filtering, after the multi-layer purified treatment of cooling, then will be after purification Water be pushed into again with air-lift device culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), compressor (9) work when, gas is compressed, and air inlet pipe (8) are passed through Bottom after, it is aqueous vapor in pipe, because of aqueous vapor solution that bubble, which is full of entire outlet pipe (10) since buoyancy can rise, Density be less than water, in outlet pipe (10), the water of cooling tank (13) bottom can enter outlet pipe (10), and constantly be elevated Until being pushed into culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2).
In addition, be equipped with several soft enclosures (17) in the culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), the soft enclosure (17) is by culture of Chinese mitten crab Area (2) is divided into the water channel of fold-back formula, and the starting point of water channel closes on the cooling tank (13) of water body purification area (3), and the terminal of water channel closes on The filtering ponds (11) in water body purification area (3).
It should be pointed out that being equipped with the several groups discharge outlet (16) being distributed up and down on the drain bar (18), draining Sliding slot is offered on the inner wall of mouth (16), a length of 40 to 50 centimetres of discharge outlet (16), width is 30 to 40 centimetres, is equipped in sliding slot For switching the moving stop (19) of discharge outlet (16) opened/closed.It is designed by using this kind of structure, it can be according to different The demand of period opens the discharge outlet (16) of top or lower part.
Anti-return plate (7) are equipped in the other end of the outlet pipe (10), the side of anti-return plate (7) is culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), the other side of anti-return plate (7) is water body purification area (3), is additionally provided with deflector (6) in the other side of anti-return plate (7).
The outlet end of the cooling tank (13) and the depth of culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) have 80 to 120 centimetres of drop.This kind The water of water body purification area (3) deep layer can be imported culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) by structure, both maintain the temperature of culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) water body Degree, also increases the dissolved oxygen amount in water.
In addition, interior kind of the water body of the filtering ponds (11) is implanted with water plant and cultivates and have aquatic animal.Water plant Suspended matter in water can be absorbed, purify water.Aquatic animal can be food with excreta of river crab etc., reduce pollution, realize Ecologic breeding.
The basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.Current row The technical staff of industry is described in above embodiments and description it should be appreciated that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments Only illustrate the principles of the present invention, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, the utility model is also It will have various changes and improvements, these various changes and improvements fall within the scope of the claimed invention.The utility model Claimed range is defined by the appending claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (6)

1. the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system that a kind of air lift pushes away the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, it is characterised in that: including pond (1), institute Pond (1) is stated with culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) and water body purification area (3);
Drain bar (18) are equipped between the culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) and water body purification area (3), the water in culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) Body flow to water body purification area (3) via drain bar (18);
The water body purification area (3) include the filtering ponds (11) being connected to culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), filtering ponds (11) for remove by The impurity in the water body come is flowed through in culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), and the outlet of filtering ponds (11) is connected to sterilization pool (12), in sterilization pool (12) in be equipped with bactericidal lamp (14), bactericidal lamp (14) be used for in water body virus and bacterium inactivate, sterilization pool (12) Outlet is connected to cooling tank (13), is covered at the top of the cooling tank (13) shading net (15), and shading net (15) is for keeping away Exempt from sunlight irradiation to reduce the temperature of water body, is arranged in the outlet end of the cooling tank (13) and culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) intersection There are divider wall (4);
Air-lift device (5) are equipped at the divider wall (4), air-lift device (5) includes compressor (9), air inlet pipe (8) and outlet pipe (10), the compressor (9) is mounted on divider wall (4), and the compressed gas gas outlet of compressor (9) is communicated with air inlet pipe (8), Air inlet pipe (8) extends to the bottom of cooling tank (13) outlet end, and is connected to outlet pipe (10), the bore of the outlet pipe (10) Greater than the bore of air inlet pipe (8), one end of outlet pipe (10) is connected to air inlet pipe (8), and the other end of outlet pipe (10) extends to Culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), air-lift device (5) is for will be delivered to river crab after the water mixing air handled through water body purification area (3) In culture zone (2).
2. a kind of air lift according to claim 1 pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, feature Be: being equipped with several soft enclosures (17) in the culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), the soft enclosure (17) by culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2) every At the water channel of fold-back formula, the starting point of water channel closes on the cooling tank (13) of water body purification area (3), and the terminal of water channel closes on water body purification The filtering ponds (11) in area (3).
3. a kind of air lift according to claim 1 pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, feature It is: is equipped with the several groups discharge outlet (16) that is distributed up and down on the drain bar (18), a length of 40 to 50 centimetres of discharge outlet, Width is 30 to 40 centimetres, and sliding slot is offered on the inner wall of discharge outlet (16), is equipped in sliding slot for switching discharge outlet (16) The moving stop (19) opened/closed.
4. a kind of air lift according to claim 1 pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, feature It is: is equipped with anti-return plate (7) in the other end of the outlet pipe (10), the side of anti-return plate (7) is culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2), the other side of anti-return plate (7) is water body purification area (3), is additionally provided with deflector (6) in the other side of anti-return plate (7).
5. a kind of air lift according to claim 1 pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, feature Be: the outlet end of the cooling tank (13) has 80 to 120 centimetres of drop with the depth of culture of Chinese mitten crab area (2).
6. a kind of air lift according to claim 1 pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula, feature Be: interior kind of the water body of the filtering ponds (11) is implanted with water plant, and cultivation has aquatic dynamic in the water body of the filtering ponds (11) Object.
CN201821297643.7U 2018-08-13 2018-08-13 A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula Expired - Fee Related CN208724695U (en)

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CN201821297643.7U CN208724695U (en) 2018-08-13 2018-08-13 A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834978A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-20 上海海洋大学 A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula
CN113068650A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-06 西北农林科技大学 Semi-circulating aquaculture system with self-purification function for cold water fish in mountainous area and utilization method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834978A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-20 上海海洋大学 A kind of air lift pushes away the crab pool cultivation self-cleaning system of the full pool flowing of water fold-back formula
CN113068650A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-06 西北农林科技大学 Semi-circulating aquaculture system with self-purification function for cold water fish in mountainous area and utilization method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190412

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