CN208685545U - A kind of bank protection structure improving land and water domain ecological environment - Google Patents

A kind of bank protection structure improving land and water domain ecological environment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208685545U
CN208685545U CN201821390520.8U CN201821390520U CN208685545U CN 208685545 U CN208685545 U CN 208685545U CN 201821390520 U CN201821390520 U CN 201821390520U CN 208685545 U CN208685545 U CN 208685545U
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slope
shore protection
bank
protection
platform
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沈达怡
张才俊
周鹏
陈天枢
刘少丞
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CCCC Shanghai Dredging Co Ltd.
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CCCC Shanghai Dredging Co Ltd.
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of bank protection structures for improving land and water domain ecological environment, including ramp type bank protection structure section, vertical type barricade to add slope bank protection structure section and solid matter timber bank protection structure section.The ramp type bank protection structure section includes the first inner slope shore protection, the first shore protection platform and the first side slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank;The vertical type barricade adds slope bank protection structure section to include the second inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, the second shore protection platform, vertical type barricade and the second side slope shore protection;The solid matter timber bank protection structure section includes the third inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, third shore protection platform, solid matter timber and third side slope shore protection.The bank protection structure of the utility model can effectively realize that the ecological vegetation of slope surface restores and protects, not only have the function of conserving water and soil, prevent erosion and come down, can also improve environment and landscape.

Description

A kind of bank protection structure improving land and water domain ecological environment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of bank protection structures for improving land and water domain ecological environment.
Background technique
At present rural area in order to flood control water logging control, irrigate generally excavate a plurality of river.Since river is mostly slight slope, line style has some setbacks Directly, inflection point is more, and river bank slope is irregular, severe water and soil erosion, and there are the dam foundations for river many places, and intermittently, riverbank is met year by year By current scour, riverbank can be made constantly to collapse, the landscape tree of plantation is more mixed and disorderly, and building waste is more on bank slope, effect It is poor.Therefore need to reinforce Riparian buffers, with resist water flow wash away and scour, and build the fine ring of light green blending Border.
Utility model content
There is provided the purpose of the utility model is to overcome the defect of the prior art a kind of improves land and water domain ecological environment Bank protection structure, it can effectively realize that the ecological vegetation of slope surface restores and protects, not only have the function of conserving water and soil, prevent water and soil It is lost and comes down, environment and landscape can also be improved.
Purpose of the utility model is realized as follows: a kind of bank protection structure for improving land and water domain ecological environment, including it is oblique Slope formula bank protection structure section, vertical type barricade add slope bank protection structure section and solid matter timber bank protection structure section, wherein
The ramp type bank protection structure section includes that the first inner slope shore protection, the first shore protection set gradually from river to bank is put down Platform and the first side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the first inner slope shore protection is 1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the first shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.25m, on the first shore protection platform Planting aquatic plants;
The elevation of the first side slope shore protection than design ordinary water level it is 0.3m high to than design high-water it is 0.3m high between, slope Than for 1:2.0, the longitudinally disposed greening concrete lattice stalk at the slope foot of the first side slope shore protection, greening concrete lattice stalk side end to than design Cast-in-place concrete revetment on the first side slope shore protection between the high 0.4~0.6m of ordinary water level, and the plantation of laying planting soil is green on concrete revetment Change, the Turf Culture slope protection on the first side slope shore protection 0.4~0.6m or more higher than design ordinary water level;
The vertical type barricade add slope bank protection structure section include the second inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, Second shore protection platform and the second side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the second inner slope shore protection is 1:3.0 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the second shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.35m, on the second shore protection platform Planting aquatic plants;
The second side slope shore protection and the second shore protection platform are ladder connection, the diversion side of the second side slope shore protection and the Vertical type barricade is set on the facade of the land side of two shore protection platforms, and the elevation of top surface of the vertical type barricade is higher than design ordinary water level 0.4~0.6m, the vertical type barricade include the imitation wood decoration stake of solid matter square pile with the upstream face for overlaying on solid matter square pile;Second side slope For the elevation of shore protection 0.4~0.6m higher than design ordinary water level between 0.3m higher than design high-water, slope ratio is 1:2.5, and is planted Plant grassed slope;
The solid matter timber bank protection structure section includes third inner slope shore protection, the third shore protection set gradually from river to bank Platform and third side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the third inner slope shore protection is 1:2.0~1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the third shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.0m, on the third shore protection platform Planting aquatic plants;
The third side slope shore protection and third shore protection platform are ladder connection, the diversion side of the third side slope shore protection and the Solid matter timber is set on the facade of the land side of three shore protection platforms, and the elevation of top surface of the solid matter timber is higher by 0.4 than design ordinary water level ~0.6m;The elevation of third side slope shore protection than design ordinary water level it is 0.4~0.6m high to than design high-water it is 0.3m high between, it is wide Degree is 900~1200mm, and slope ratio is 1:2.0, and Turf Culture slope protection.
The bank protection structure of above-mentioned improvement land and water domain ecological environment, wherein the width of the greening concrete lattice stalk is 300mm, Depth is 400mm.
The bank protection structure of above-mentioned improvement land and water domain ecological environment, wherein the concrete revetment with a thickness of 100mm, it is described Planting soil with a thickness of 50mm.
The bank protection structure of above-mentioned improvement land and water domain ecological environment, wherein the solid matter square pile uses C30 Prefabricated reinforced concrete Stake, length × width × height are 150 × 200 × 4000mm;The diameter of the imitation wood decoration stake is 200mm, and a height of 1000mm squeezes into institute The depth for stating the second shore protection platform is 100mm.
The bank protection structure of above-mentioned improvement land and water domain ecological environment, wherein the solid matter timber use diameter for 150mm, The top of the China fir of a height of 4000mm, the back side of the solid matter timber is consolidated by the semicircle wooden horizontal cleat that iron nail and diameter are 150mm It is fixed.
The bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model, bank protection structure are stablized, and shore protection effect is prominent, can Effectively to resist and cut down washing away for wave current, erosion of the wave current to bank slope is avoided, there is good protection effect;And In shore protection platform planting aquatic plants, it can disappear Lang Baotan, and increases the hydrophily and landscape of shore protection;Using inner slope and The second level flexibility shore protection of side slope forms flexible ecological structure, forms the ecosystem of water plant and terrestrial plant, realize Shore protection is ecological and landscape.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the section of ramp type bank protection structure section in the bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model Figure;
Fig. 2 is that the vertical type barricade in the bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model adds slope shore protection The cross-section diagram of structural sections;
Fig. 3 is the solid matter timber bank protection structure section in the bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model Cross-section diagram.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
It please refers to Fig.1 to Fig.3, the bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model, including ramp type shield Bank structural sections, vertical type barricade add slope bank protection structure section and solid matter timber bank protection structure section.
Ramp type bank protection structure section is open suitable for river periphery place and needs protection against erosion or the frequent river of SEA LEVEL VARIATION Section.
The first inner slope shore protection 1a, the first shore protection platform that ramp type bank protection structure section is set gradually from river 10 to bank 50 2a and the first side slope shore protection 4a;Wherein,
The width of first inner slope shore protection 1a is 5.75m, and slope ratio is 1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of first shore protection platform 2a is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, is 2.3m, width 1.25m, first shore protection Planting aquatic plants on platform 2a;
The width of first side slope shore protection 4a is 4.0m, and slope ratio is 1:2.0, is longitudinally set at the slope foot of the first side slope shore protection 4a Greening concrete lattice stalk 41 is set, the width of greening concrete lattice stalk 41 is 300mm, depth 400mm, is afforesting the side end of concrete lattice stalk 41 extremely Cast-in-place concrete revetment 43 on the first side slope shore protection 4a between 0.4~0.6m higher than design ordinary water level, the lower section element of concrete revetment 43 It is cast-in-place again after 44 compacting of soil, concrete revetment 43 with a thickness of 100mm, and be laid with 42 kinds of plant of planting soil on concrete revetment 43 and afforest, Turf Culture slope protection is (see figure after the first side slope shore protection 4a 0.4~0.6m or more higher than design ordinary water level is laid with one layer of geotextiles 1)。
Vertical type barricade adds bank protection structure section land occupation in slope smaller, abuts status road, workshop, residential house suitable for rear And there are the trees of growth many years on narrow space bank section and riverbank.
Vertical type barricade adds slope bank protection structure section to include the second inner slope shore protection set gradually from river 10 to bank 50 1b, the second shore protection platform 2b and the second side slope shore protection 4b;Wherein,
The width of second inner slope shore protection 1b is 6.9m, and slope ratio is 1:3.0 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of second shore protection platform 2b is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, is 2.3m, width 1.35m, the shore protection platform The upper planting aquatic plants of 2b;
Second side slope shore protection 4b and the second shore protection platform 2b be ladder connection, the diversion side of the second side slope shore protection 4b with Vertical type barricade is set on the facade of the land side of the second shore protection platform 2b, and the elevation of top surface of the vertical type barricade is than design ordinary water High 0.4~the 0.6m in position, the vertical type barricade include the imitation wood decoration stake of solid matter square pile 31 with the upstream face for overlaying on solid matter square pile 31 32;Solid matter square pile 31 uses C30 reinforced concret precast pile, and length × width × height is 150 × 200 × 4000mm;Imitation wood decorates stake 32 Diameter is 200mm, a height of 1000mm, and the depth for squeezing into the second shore protection platform 2b is 100mm;The elevation of second side slope shore protection 4b exists 0.4~0.6m higher than design ordinary water level is 3.2~4.3m between 0.3m higher than design high-water, the second side slope shore protection 4b's Width is 2.7m, and slope ratio is 1:2.5, and the Turf Culture slope protection after being laid with one layer of geotextiles 40 (see Fig. 2).
Solid matter timber bank protection structure section is suitable for the relatively narrow riverbank of river mouth, and easy for construction, more economical.
Solid matter timber bank protection structure section includes the third inner slope shore protection 1c set gradually from river 10 to bank 50, third shield Bank platform 2c and third side slope shore protection 4c;Wherein,
The slope ratio of third inner slope shore protection 1c is 1:2.0~1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of third shore protection platform 2c is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, is 2.3m, width 1.0m, shore protection platform 2c Upper planting aquatic plants;
Third side slope shore protection 4c and third shore protection platform 2c are ladder connection, the diversion side of third side slope shore protection 4c with Solid matter timber 3 is set on the facade of the land side of third shore protection platform 2c, and the elevation of top surface of the solid matter timber 3 is than design ordinary water level High 0.4~0.6m is 3.2m, which uses diameter for the China fir of 150mm, a height of 4000mm, the solid matter timber 3 The top of back side is fixed by the semicircle wooden horizontal cleat 30 that iron nail and diameter are 150mm;The elevation of third side slope shore protection 4c than High 0.4~the 0.6m of ordinary water level is designed between 0.3m higher than design high-water, being 3.2~4.3m, the width of third side slope shore protection 4c Degree is 900~1200mm, and slope ratio is 1:2.0, and the Turf Culture slope protection after being laid with one layer of geotextiles 40 (see Fig. 3).
The bank protection structure of the improvement land and water domain ecological environment of the utility model, can effectively resist and cut down wave current It washes away, avoids erosion of the wave current to bank slope, there is good protection effect;And in shore protection platform planting aquatic plants, i.e., Can disappear Lang Baotan, and increase the hydrophily and landscape of shore protection;Using the second level flexibility shore protection of inner slope and side slope, formed soft Property ecologic structure, form the ecosystem of water plant and terrestrial plant, realize that shore protection is ecological and landscape.
Above embodiments are only for illustration of the utility model, rather than limitations of the present invention, related technical field Technical staff can also make various transformation or modification in the case where not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, because This all equivalent technical solution also should belong to the scope of the utility model, should be limited by each claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of bank protection structure for improving land and water domain ecological environment, including ramp type bank protection structure section, vertical type barricade add slope Bank protection structure section and solid matter timber bank protection structure section, which is characterized in that
The ramp type bank protection structure section include the first inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, the first shore protection platform and First side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the first inner slope shore protection is 1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the first shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.25m, plants on the first shore protection platform Water plant;
The elevation of the first side slope shore protection than design ordinary water level it is 0.3m high to than design high-water it is 0.3m high between, slope ratio is 1:2.0, the longitudinally disposed greening concrete lattice stalk at the slope foot of the first side slope shore protection, in the side end that greening concrete lattice obstruct to than designing ordinary water Cast-in-place concrete revetment on the first side slope shore protection between the high 0.4~0.6m in position, and planting soil plantation greening is laid on concrete revetment, Turf Culture slope protection on the first side slope shore protection 0.4~0.6m or more higher than design ordinary water level;
The vertical type barricade adds slope bank protection structure section to include the second inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, second Shore protection platform and the second side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the second inner slope shore protection is 1:3.0 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the second shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.35m, plants on the second shore protection platform Water plant;
The second side slope shore protection and the second shore protection platform are ladder connection, the diversion side of the second side slope shore protection and the second shield Vertical type barricade is set on the facade of the land side of bank platform, and the elevation of top surface of the vertical type barricade is higher by 0.4 than design ordinary water level ~0.6m, the vertical type barricade include the imitation wood decoration stake of solid matter square pile with the upstream face for overlaying on solid matter square pile;Second side slope shield For the elevation of bank 0.4~0.6m higher than design ordinary water level between 0.3m higher than design high-water, slope ratio is 1:2.5, and is planted Grassed slope;
The solid matter timber bank protection structure section includes the third inner slope shore protection set gradually from river to bank, third shore protection platform With third side slope shore protection;
The slope ratio of the third inner slope shore protection is 1:2.0~1:2.5 and is nature slight slope;
The elevation of the third shore protection platform is 0.3m higher than design lowest stage, width 1.0m, plants on the third shore protection platform Water plant;
The third side slope shore protection and third shore protection platform are ladder connection, and the diversion side of the third side slope shore protection and third are protected Solid matter timber is set on the facade of the land side of bank platform, the elevation of top surface of the solid matter timber than design ordinary water level it is high by 0.4~ 0.6m;The elevation of third side slope shore protection than design ordinary water level it is 0.4~0.6m high to than design high-water it is 0.3m high between, width For 900~1200mm, slope ratio is 1:2.0, and Turf Culture slope protection.
2. the bank protection structure according to claim 1 for improving land and water domain ecological environment, which is characterized in that the greening concrete lattice The width of stalk is 300mm, depth 400mm.
3. the bank protection structure according to claim 1 for improving land and water domain ecological environment, which is characterized in that the concrete revetment With a thickness of 100mm, the planting soil with a thickness of 50mm.
4. the bank protection structure according to claim 1 for improving land and water domain ecological environment, which is characterized in that the solid matter square pile Using C30 reinforced concret precast pile, length × width × height is 150 × 200 × 4000mm;The diameter of the imitation wood decoration stake is 200mm, A height of 1000mm, the depth for squeezing into the second shore protection platform is 100mm.
5. the bank protection structure according to claim 1 for improving land and water domain ecological environment, which is characterized in that the solid matter timber Use diameter for the China fir of 150mm, a height of 4000mm, the top of the back side of the solid matter timber is by iron nail and diameter The semicircle wooden horizontal cleat of 150mm is fixed.
CN201821390520.8U 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 A kind of bank protection structure improving land and water domain ecological environment Active CN208685545U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110616666A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-12-27 中国建筑一局(集团)有限公司 Combined ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN110804990A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-18 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 Boundless scenic spot river course structure
CN111608138A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-09-01 中电建十一局工程有限公司 Construction method for slope protection of ecological landscape of urban internal lake

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110616666A (en) * 2019-08-27 2019-12-27 中国建筑一局(集团)有限公司 Combined ecological revetment and construction method thereof
CN110804990A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-18 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 Boundless scenic spot river course structure
CN111608138A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-09-01 中电建十一局工程有限公司 Construction method for slope protection of ecological landscape of urban internal lake

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