CN208113361U - Pineapple picker - Google Patents

Pineapple picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208113361U
CN208113361U CN201820592771.8U CN201820592771U CN208113361U CN 208113361 U CN208113361 U CN 208113361U CN 201820592771 U CN201820592771 U CN 201820592771U CN 208113361 U CN208113361 U CN 208113361U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rack
pineapple
conveyer belt
moving device
self
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820592771.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱花
闫小鹏
何海雨
孙玉彬
丁龙威
王峥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangxi University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Jiangxi University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangxi University of Science and Technology filed Critical Jiangxi University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201820592771.8U priority Critical patent/CN208113361U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208113361U publication Critical patent/CN208113361U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of fruit picker, specifically a kind of pineapple picker.The utility model includes the rack with front and back wheel, is mounted on the moving device at rack rear portion, is installed on the self-adapting float device of central rack;Guide plate is fixed at left and right sides of the front of rack, guide plate is located at the front end of self-adapting float device;Conveyer belt is disposed between self-adapting float device rear portion and moving device, the direction of transfer of conveyer belt and the direction of travel of moving device are vertical, collect basket and are arranged in the output end of conveyer belt and are mounted on the rack.The cutting saw chain of the utility model floats up and down with floating slider, automatically confirms that suitable cutting position, greatly improves pineapple harvest efficiency, has saved labour.Structure is simple, easy to operate, reduces the labor intensity and injured probability of worker.

Description

Pineapple picker
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fruit picker, specifically a kind of pineapple picker.
Background technique
Pineapple is perennial tropical fruit (tree), it is noted that the normal growth of pineapple plant cannot be influenced when picking pineapple.For The picking work of pineapple is broadly divided into artificial picking and machine picking.Currently, China falls behind relatively on pineapple picking mechanical, Most still rely on manually is picked, and orchard worker cuts off carpopodium or a holding fruit with pocket knife, is held carpopodium on the other hand, is then rolled over It is disconnected or twist into two parts pineapple.Because with sharp sharp mouth in pineapple leaves, pericarp is very hard, and has the protrusion with prickle, people Work picking be easy to cause orchard worker injured, and along with picking operation is complicated, labour heavy workload largely reduces pineapple Picking efficiency;When artificial picking, it is also easy to damage some fruits in picking process, and pineapple Seasonal Harvest is strong, if not Harvesting in time will cause pineapple is excessively mature even to rot, and directly result in economic loss.
The existing machinery that pineapple harvesting is carried out using cutting disc cutting pineapple bar, since pineapple plant connects pineapple fruit That section of carpopodium is very crisp, cut off carpopodium before, fruit can because cutting disc cutting when excessive vibration and fall, damage fruit, It is easy to damage pineapple plant, picking effect is poor, low efficiency.Also have and picked using manipulator, the picking that manipulator imitates orchard worker is dynamic Make, after two pieces of intermediate plates clamp pineapple, rotating machine arm twists into two parts pineapple handle, when which picks, is not easy to clamp pineapple, picks Success rate is low, is easy to damage pineapple plant and fruit.
It is simple and convenient to operate quick, high-efficient therefore, it is necessary to a kind of delicate structure of utility model, does not damage pineapple plant With the pineapple picking mechanical of fruit.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of pineapple picker, make not damaging pineapple plant and fruit when its picking It is real, improve pineapple harvest efficiency.
The technical solution of the utility model:A kind of pineapple picker, including the rack with front and back wheel, after being mounted on rack The moving device in portion is installed on the self-adapting float device of central rack;It is fixed with guide plate at left and right sides of the front of rack, Guide plate is located at the front end of self-adapting float device;Transmission is disposed between self-adapting float device rear portion and moving device Band, the direction of transfer of conveyer belt and the direction of travel of moving device are vertical, collect output end and installation that basket is arranged in conveyer belt On the rack;
The self-adapting float device is made of symmetrical two part, and wherein each section includes vertical fixation In being cased with reset spring on the guide rod in rack, guide rod, floating slider, floating slider and guiding are disposed on reset spring Bar is slidably matched, and the front end of floating slider is provided with guiding block, and rear end is equipped with cutting motor, the axial line of cutting motor with lead To bar axis parallel, drive sprocket is installed on the axis of cutting motor;Match on drive sprocket on two part cutting motor axis There is cutting saw chain, the floating slider of two parts links into an integrated entity;
The distance between guide plate is gradually reduced from front to back at left and right sides of frame front.
The moving device includes transmission shaft, and transmission shaft is supported in rack by bearing, and transmission shaft is by driving motor It is driven and is rotated by bevel-gear sett, be disposed with differential mechanism on transmission shaft, be fixed with drive sprocket, rear car at the both ends of transmission shaft Driven sprocket is fixed on wheel shaft, drive sprocket is rotated by chain-driving driven sprocket, so that rear wheel be driven to rotate.
The conveyer belt includes roller, belt and decelerating motor, and roller, decelerating motor are mounted on the rack.
The two sides of conveyer belt are disposed with baffle, prevent pineapple from falling.
The guide plate is arc.The distance between left and right sides arc guide plate is gradually reduced from front to back, convenient Pineapple, which gathers to guiding block, to be cut.
The cutting saw chain of the utility model floats up and down with floating slider, automatically confirms that suitable cutting position, is greatly improved Pineapple harvest efficiency, has saved labour.Structure is simple, easy to operate, reduces the labor intensity and injured probability of worker.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the moving device structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the self-adapting float apparatus structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
In figure:1, basket is collected;
2, rack;
3, moving device;31, bearing;32, chain;33, rear wheel;34, drive sprocket;35, driven sprocket;36, it is driven Axis;37, driving motor;38, bevel gear;39, differential mechanism;
4, conveyer belt;
5, self-adapting float device;51, floating slider;52, guide rod;53, cutting saw chain;54, guiding block;55, it is driven Sprocket wheel;56, reset spring;57, cutting motor;
6, gather plate (guide plate).
Specific embodiment
It is described further with reference to embodiments with attached drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is by the collection basket 1, moving device 3, conveyer belt 4, adaptive that is mounted in rack 2 Floating installation 5 gathers the composition of plate 6, and moving device 3 is mounted on the rear portion of rack 2, the middle part installation self-adapting float dress of rack 2 Set 5;The front of self-adapting float device 5, which is disposed with, gathers plate 6, and conveyer belt 4 is disposed between rear portion and moving device 3, transmission Direction of transfer with 4 is vertical with the direction of travel of moving device 3, collects the output end that basket 1 is arranged in conveyer belt 4;The bottom of rack 2 Portion is installed by front and back wheel.
Conveyer belt 4 includes roller, belt and decelerating motor, and roller, decelerating motor are mounted in rack 2 (prior art). The two sides of conveyer belt 4 are disposed with baffle, prevent pineapple from falling.
Guide plate 6 is arc, and the distance between left and right sides arc guide plate 6 is gradually reduced from front to back, facilitates pineapple Gather to guiding block 54 and is cut.
As shown in Fig. 2, the bolt of driving motor 37 and rack 2 are fixed in the moving device 3, driving motor 37 is driven Bevel-gear sett 38 is to drive transmission shaft 36 to rotate, and transmission shaft 36 is mounted in rack 2 by bearing 31,36 interposition of transmission shaft It sets equipped with differential mechanism 39;The drive sprocket 34 at 36 both ends of transmission shaft is fixed on transmission shaft 36 by flat key, and drive sprocket 34 is logical Crossing chain 32 drives driven sprocket 35 to rotate, and driven sprocket 35 is fixed on the axis of rear wheel 33, and rear wheel 33 is installed by bearing At 2 rear portion of rack, 2 front of rack is also equipped with front vehicle wheel.
As shown in figure 3, self-adapting float device 5 is made of two symmetrical parts, the floating in each section is sliding Block 51 is fixed together by the junction steel plate at rear portion, and cutting motor 57 is bolted on 51 back lower place of floating slider, is cut It cuts and drive sprocket 55 is installed on the axis (being parallel to guide rod 52) of motor 57;Drive sprocket on two part cutting motors, 57 axis It is furnished with cutting saw chain 53 on 55.52 upper and lower ends of guide rod fixed (vertical) are cased with reset bullet in rack 2 on guide rod 52 Spring 56 is disposed with floating slider 51 on reset spring 56, and floating slider 51 is slidably matched with guide rod 52, before floating slider 51 End is provided with guiding block 54.When floating slider 51 pushes, cutting saw chain 53, which synchronizes, to be moved down, and compression reseting spring 56 works as pressure It withdraws, reset spring 56 drives floating slider 51 to increase.
The utility model gathers plate 6 and pineapple plant gathers together during advance, thus pineapple enters adaptively In floating installation 5 between two guiding blocks 54, when continuing to move ahead, the shorter pineapple of rhizome generates downward pressure to floating slider 51 Power pushes floating slider 51, and floating slider 51 glides along guide rod 52 and compression reseting spring 56, when pineapple is moved to cast-cutting saw When at chain 53, the locating height of cutting saw chain 53 is placed exactly at the rhizome position of pineapple, and it is complete that cutting saw chain 53 cuts pineapple rhizome At harvesting;After cutting, floating slider 51, which is pressurized, to be released, and the effect of reset spring 56 resets self-adapting float device 5.Pineapple at this time It falls on rear conveyer belt 4, is transferred into and collects in basket 1, complete the not damaged picking of the pineapple for rhizome arbitrary height.
Wherein the differential mechanism 39 in moving device 3 ensures there is high adaptability to complicated ground during traveling, Guarantee fluency when turning.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of pineapple picker, it is characterized in that:Including the rack with front and back wheel, it is mounted on the moving device at rack rear portion, It is installed on the self-adapting float device of central rack;Guide plate is fixed at left and right sides of the front of rack, guide plate is located at certainly Adapt to the front end of floating installation;Conveyer belt, the biography of conveyer belt are disposed between self-adapting float device rear portion and moving device It send direction vertical with the direction of travel of moving device, collects basket and be arranged in the output end of conveyer belt and be mounted on the rack;
The self-adapting float device is made of symmetrical two part, and wherein each section includes being perpendicularly fixed at machine Guide rod on frame is cased with reset spring on guide rod, and floating slider is disposed on reset spring, and floating slider and guide rod are sliding Dynamic cooperation, the front end of floating slider are provided with guiding block, and rear end is equipped with cutting motor, the axial line and guide rod of cutting motor Axis parallel is equipped with drive sprocket on the axis of cutting motor;It is furnished on drive sprocket on two part cutting motor axis and cuts The floating slider of sawing chain, two parts links into an integrated entity;
The distance between guide plate is gradually reduced from front to back at left and right sides of frame front.
2. a kind of pineapple picker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The moving device includes transmission shaft, Transmission shaft is supported in rack by bearing, and transmission shaft, which is driven by driving motor by bevel-gear sett, to be rotated, cloth on transmission shaft It is equipped with differential mechanism, drive sprocket is fixed at the both ends of transmission shaft, driven sprocket is fixed on rear vehicle shaft, drive sprocket passes through Chain-driving driven sprocket rotation, so that rear wheel be driven to rotate.
3. a kind of pineapple picker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The conveyer belt includes roller, belt And decelerating motor, roller, decelerating motor are mounted on the rack.
4. a kind of pineapple picker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The two sides of conveyer belt are disposed with baffle.
5. a kind of pineapple picker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The guide plate is arc.
CN201820592771.8U 2018-04-25 2018-04-25 Pineapple picker Expired - Fee Related CN208113361U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820592771.8U CN208113361U (en) 2018-04-25 2018-04-25 Pineapple picker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820592771.8U CN208113361U (en) 2018-04-25 2018-04-25 Pineapple picker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208113361U true CN208113361U (en) 2018-11-20

Family

ID=64186313

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820592771.8U Expired - Fee Related CN208113361U (en) 2018-04-25 2018-04-25 Pineapple picker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208113361U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109716920A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-05-07 滨州学院 A kind of pineapple collection picker
CN110024557A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-19 江苏大学 A kind of pineapple picker

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109716920A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-05-07 滨州学院 A kind of pineapple collection picker
CN110024557A (en) * 2019-04-29 2019-07-19 江苏大学 A kind of pineapple picker
CN110024557B (en) * 2019-04-29 2021-06-22 江苏大学 Pineapple picking device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181120

Termination date: 20200425