CN207858145U - intelligent fixture switching system - Google Patents

intelligent fixture switching system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207858145U
CN207858145U CN201820055621.3U CN201820055621U CN207858145U CN 207858145 U CN207858145 U CN 207858145U CN 201820055621 U CN201820055621 U CN 201820055621U CN 207858145 U CN207858145 U CN 207858145U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixture
platform
switching
warehouse compartment
turntable
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820055621.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
乐杨
詹彦
王露
刘磊
马福源
张琦伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Show Kyoel Automotive Equipment Co ltd
Shanghai Xiaoao Xiangrong Automation Equipment Co ltd
Xiaoao Industrial Intelligence Equipment Suzhou Co ltd
Original Assignee
Austrian Industrial Intelligent Equipment (suzhou) Co Ltd
SHANGHAI XIAOAO HENGRONG AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Austrian Industrial Intelligent Equipment (suzhou) Co Ltd, SHANGHAI XIAOAO HENGRONG AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY EQUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical Austrian Industrial Intelligent Equipment (suzhou) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201820055621.3U priority Critical patent/CN207858145U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207858145U publication Critical patent/CN207858145U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of intelligent fixture switching system, including warehouse compartment and turntable, which is characterized in that the warehouse compartment includes The lifting and lowering Z-direction device, X to shifting carrying platform and Y-direction warehouse compartment;The turntable includes multiple switching platforms and turntable driving;The motor driving part of the warehouse compartment point is controlled by robot system, and warehouse compartment is docked with some switching platform, remaining switching platform continue working.Compared with prior art, the utility model is used for conveying, store and switching fixture to coordinate the system of industrial robot crawl, welding and spraying based on what robot controlled, not only mechanical structure is flexible, it can realize that intelligent flexible produces in conjunction with intelligent control, meet the versatility of fixture, automation, intelligent switching requirement, and production efficiency is substantially increased, effectively reduce production cost.

Description

Intelligent fixture switching system
Technical field
The utility model is related to automobile manufacturing field more particularly to a kind of intelligent fixture switching systems.
Background technology
Weld car production field, many enterprises need to produce a variety of different vehicles on certain single production line.One Production line needs different fixtures to carry out clamping, to complete the needs of welding production according to the difference of vehicle.And due to work Part cause not of uniform size, piece uploading require the various factors such as inconsistent, and often the size and weight difference of fixture is larger.
Realize intelligent flexible multi-vehicle-type Flexible production, it is necessary to carry out the mutual switching between fixture, and existing market The fixture switching system form of upper mainstream is relatively simple, and height is big and piece uploading is difficult.And there is a problem of layout difficulty, have Limitation, the shortcomings that being primarily present, are as follows:1. productive temp is long, low production efficiency.Common fixture needs life of stopping when switching Production, could continue to produce after new fixture is loaded onto and is transported to welding post;2. pair processing and installation required precision is high, manufacture It is of high cost.Common X to the linear guide have very high installation accuracy and machining accuracy, it is ensured that fixture conveying in the past when pair Quasi- welding job position;3. space is big, X is long to track.Fixture needs to switch to welding job position, and holds in the palm the shifting for carrying fixture Carrying platform cannot enter welding job position, otherwise interfere.Existing switching system uses additional thrust devices by fixture Welding job position is imported, therefore increases length of the X to track;4. self-adaptive layout, versatility cannot be carried out according to place Difference, scheme limitation are big.
Intelligent fixture switching system is to be used for conveying, store and switch fixture to coordinate industrial machine based on what robot controlled The system of device people crawl, welding and spraying, not only mechanical structure is flexible, can realize that intelligent flexible is given birth in conjunction with intelligent control Production, meet the versatility of fixture, automation, intelligent switching requirement, and substantially increase production efficiency, effectively reduce Production cost.
Invention content
The technical issues of the utility model is solved is to provide intelligent fixture switching system, to solve to give birth in the prior art Production efficiency is low, processing installation accuracy is high, manufacturing cost is high, occupied space is big, poor universality technical matters.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model uses a kind of intelligent fixture switching system, including warehouse compartment and turntable, It is characterized in that, the warehouse compartment includes The lifting and lowering Z-direction device, X to shifting carrying platform and Y-direction warehouse compartment;The turntable includes multiple switchings Platform and turntable driving;The motor driving part of the warehouse compartment point is controlled by robot system, and warehouse compartment is docked with some switching platform, Remaining switching platform continue working.
Further, the The lifting and lowering Z-direction device is equipped with high-order and low level two states:When high-order, clamp weight fall X to It is oriented to and is detached from X to shifting carrying platform, X is moved in X to track to shifting carrying platform below fixture, and is caught on fixture and urged it into Assigned work position;When fixture switches between each warehouse compartment, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device is in low level, prevents from interfering with fixture.
Further, the warehouse compartment uses Modularized splice mode, any combinations, installation, each Y-direction library between multiple warehouse compartments Position hooks position bolt by Y-direction track, dragging trolley, Y-direction and auxiliary bridge chair forms, and the arbitrary combination in size library may be implemented, convenient Repair and installation, and versatility is stronger, does not limit excessively fixture size and load weight;And Y-direction quantity-at-location can Unlimited splicing, X to track can indefinite extension, increase versatility.
Further, the linkage of all warehouse compartments and track may be implemented in the robot system, and more warehouse compartments can be run simultaneously, Switching time can be preferably saved, improve efficiency.
Further, the fixture mounting base on the switching platform uses the structure of multigroup " idler wheel+fixed frame ", fixture By from flumping in fixture mounting base and stablizing on fixed frame, fixture is not easily shifted, and does not need other fasteners, simplifies Structure has high rigidity, and saves the trouble of dismounting/loading;The switching platform using idler wheel be oriented to, be exaggerated fixture with Gap between guiding can reduce the requirement of alignment precision, be led using multigroup fixed idler whell, fixed frame and limited roller To.
Further, the turntable adjusts the running accuracy of turntable by the way of mechanical zero alignment, and cylinder pushes zero Position bolt makes it be aligned in the adjustment tank of jig platform seat, is not take up fixture switching time and fast accurate, and both having had usually needs The fixture positioning function wanted, moreover it is possible to be adaptively adjusted running accuracy.
Compared with prior art, the utility model intelligence fixture switching system be based on robot control be used for convey, Storage and switching fixture are to coordinate the system of industrial robot crawl, welding and spraying, and not only mechanical structure is flexible, in conjunction with intelligence Control can realize that intelligent flexible produces, meet the versatility of fixture, automation, intelligent switching requirement, and significantly Production efficiency is improved, production cost is effectively reduced.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the fixture switching system schematic diagram of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the warehouse compartment overall schematic of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 be the warehouse compartment of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model without auxiliary bridge chair when side view.
Fig. 4 is the The lifting and lowering Z-direction device schematic internal view of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of the The lifting and lowering Z-direction device of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the bottom support of the welding turntable of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the switching platform front elevation of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the welding turntable side view of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Fig. 9 is the switching platform ground plan of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Figure 10 is the zero position platform of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of movements of the zero position platform of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model.
Figure 12 is that the turntable of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model switches the schematic diagram of fixture.
Figure 13 is that the turntable of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model rotates to welding post schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is fixture switching side when being designed with 1 welding post of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model Case.
Figure 15 is fixture handover scheme when being designed with 2 welding posts of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model A。
Figure 16 is fixture switching side when being designed with 2 welding posts of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model Case B.
Figure 17 is fixture switching side when being designed with 3 welding posts of intelligent fixture switching system described in the utility model Case.
Specific implementation mode
In the utility model preferred embodiment, a kind of intelligent fixture switching system is provided, refering to Figure 1, including Warehouse compartment 1 and turntable 2, which is characterized in that the warehouse compartment includes The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3, X to shifting carrying platform 4 and Y-direction warehouse compartment 5;It is described Turntable 2 includes multiple switching platforms 6 and turntable driving 7;The motor driving part of the warehouse compartment 1 point is controlled by robot system, library Position 1 is docked with some switching platform 6, remaining 7 continue working of switching platform.
Please refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, this fixture switching storage system for flexible production line include X to track 13, X is to shifting carrying platform 4, Y-direction warehouse compartment 5, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 and robot control system.Robot control system connects X to transfer The servo motor of platform 4 and Y-direction warehouse compartment 5, to control shifting carrying platform and pull the tact of motion of trolley.Wherein, Y-direction warehouse compartment 5 is by Y To track 8, bridge-type Y-direction support guide, pull trolley 9 and the auxiliary composition of bridge chair 12.For storing fixture and switching in fixture When conveying fixture.Fixture X to be respectively equipped with cooperation X in Y-direction and draw bolt 11 and Y-direction to hook to draw the jack of bolt 10 to hooking.
Refering to Figure 1, arrow indicates the position and structure of several critical components.Y-direction warehouse compartment 5 is perpendicular to X to rail Road 13 is arranged symmetrically and is located at X to the both sides of track 13.Each Y-direction warehouse compartment 5 by Y-direction track 8, bridge-type Y-direction support guide, drag It drags trolley 9 and other matching components is constituted.X respectively arranges one group of The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 to shifting carrying platform 4 or so, with reference to shown in Fig. 2. X can arbitrarily do back and forth movement in X to shifting carrying platform 4 to track 13.The front end for pulling trolley 9 is that warehouse compartment hooks drawing bolt, can be stretched Contracting, fixture is imported Y-direction warehouse compartment 5 by the jack that can be caught on fixture from X to shifting carrying platform 4, when reverse(Switch from Y-direction warehouse compartment 5 To X to shifting carrying platform 4), pull trolley 9 and move to the tail portion of fixture and catch on the jack of tail portion, led by Y-direction support guide X is to shifting carrying platform 4.Fixture is fallen on bridge-type Y-direction support guide 14 in warehouse compartment.Wherein, X to shifting carrying platform 4 be equipped with The consistent Y directional rolling body in 14 directions of bridge-type Y-direction support guide, also, the height of bridge-type Y-direction support guide 14 is consistent with Y directional rolling body. What the Y directional rolling body of bridge-type Y-direction support guide and X shifting carrying platforms 4 constituted that fixture mutually switches on warehouse compartment and shifting carrying platform cuts Change path.
Referring to Fig. 2, without auxiliary bridge chair 12 and fixture in figure, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 equipped with X to guiding, for supporting and Guide clamp along X to moving, realized in a manner of idler wheel by guiding.It notices:Fixture is mutually cut on warehouse compartment and shifting carrying platform When changing, it is located at low level to the The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 of 4 both sides of shifting carrying platform positioned at X, otherwise will causes to interfere.X is to before shifting carrying platform 4 End, which also is provided with hooking, draws bolt.Weight entirely falls within shifting carrying platform after fixture is switched to X on shifting carrying platform 4.
Referring to Fig. 3, quantity can indefinite extension to track 13 with no maximum, X in principle for Y-direction warehouse compartment 5.Fixture needs are cut When changing to welding post, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 rises to a high position, and jacking clamp disengages it from X to shifting carrying platform 4 so that X is to shifting Carrying platform 4 can be moved to the tail portion of fixture below fixture, draw bolt to catch on fixture by hook and urge it into welding post.Machine The driving quantity that device people's switch board controls in principle determines that in general a set of switch board controls a set of library according to practical type selecting Position.When increasing multiple Y-direction warehouse compartments 5 and X to track 13, the quantity of robot control cabinet accordingly increases, such splicing Warehouse compartment is flexible and changeable, and it is small to make limitation when conceptual design.It is also communication connection between difference set robot control cabinet.Moreover, can To realize the arbitrary combination in size library, facilitate repair and installation.And versatility is stronger.It is more common with traditional switching warehouse compartment Property is stronger, does not limit excessively fixture size and load weight.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 are please referred to, X is realized to the lifting for being oriented to 17 mainly by the structure of " idler wheel+wedge block ".It is specific as follows: The component that The lifting and lowering Z-direction device 3 includes has:X to cylinder 19 and is fixed on X to 17, Z-direction cylinder 18, Z-direction support wheel 20, X is oriented to To the wedge block for being oriented to 17 lower sections.Z-direction support wheel 20 is designed to be driven to move on direction in X from X to cylinder 19, and It is in rolling contact with the wedge-shaped surface of wedge block 16.Z-direction cylinder 21 is arranged in X to the both sides for being oriented to 17, is responsible for driving X to guiding 17 Movement on Z-direction direction.Moreover, the side of one of Z-direction cylinder 21 is equipped with Z-direction travel switch, it is fixed on Z-direction sensor On mounting bracket 15, for detecting X to the lifting displacement for being oriented to 17 and feeding back to robot controller.X is to the stroke pole of cylinder 19 Extreme position is switched equipped with X to stroke 17, is fixed on X on sensor mount, auxiliary for detecting the movement of Z-direction support wheel 20 Help detection X to the lifting degree for being oriented to 17.In addition to this, X to be oriented to 17 both sides be also equipped with limit, it is ensured that when lifting there is no It hits and wears.And this design environmental protection and energy saving, it is efficient.It please refers to shown in Fig. 5, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device is also equipped with protective cover 22, first, preventing dust or sundries from entering;Second is that because beautiful.
Please refer to Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, it is shown that a kind of welding turntable, including bottom support, switching platform, zero position Platform and the control unit being connect with robot control cabinet.Switching platform is circumferentially spaced 90 ° of arrangements, and what centre was exposed is electricity Machine, to drive switching platform to rotate.
Referring to Fig. 6, bottom support can be divided into 3 layers:1st layer is turntable mounting base 23, is arranged 24 on framework connecting piece, Circumferentially 90 ° of outside spacers arrangements is zero position platform 25 around it;2nd layer is turntable motor 28, is connected to control Unit controls turntable rotation angle by robot;Third layer is for connection to and fixes 26 He of central frame of switching platform Fixture always supports 27, and wherein central frame 26 is mounted on the center of fixture always support 27, and fixture always supports 27 and uniformly divided by central frame 26 It is cut into 4 orientation.
Referring to Fig. 7, switching platform is equipped with R is oriented to 41, R to bullet bolt 29, Z-direction bullet bolt to 34, Z-direction is oriented to 30, multigroup fixed idler whell 31, fixed frame 32 and cover board 33.Under normal station, switching platform is being placed exactly in zero position platform just Top, the two position correspond to.Four side surfaces of central frame are respectively arranged one group of R to bullet bolt 29, when switching fixture, R Withstanding fixture to bullet bolt 29 enables it to catch on fixture to dragging trolley 9 is moved to along R towards the increased direction of turntable radius Position, it is device for transporting fixture to pull trolley 9.
Referring to Fig. 8, mainly support wheel 36, roller mount 37, cylinder 38, zero position slot 39 and zero-bit bolt 40.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 9, it is shown that the detailed configuration of switching platform.Switching platform is by jig platform seat and to be oriented to peace It fills seat to constitute, is equipped with limited roller 42.Jig platform seat is fixed in fixture always support, and a side surface resists central frame and consolidates It is fixed.It is to float to be oriented to mounting base then, intersects and is nested in jig platform seat with jig platform seat.Multigroup fixed idler whell It is arranged on fixed frame, fixed frame is located at jig platform seat, and effect is the idler wheel when fixture falls by dead weight in switching platform It will resist on the inside of fixture so that fixture does not move easily;And 4 fixed frames firmly block fixture as the supporting point of fixture On jig platform seat.Before fixture is fallen, Z-direction bullet bolt, which can rise, sticks fixture, helps the position of clamping fixture for correcting.Zero The zero-bit bolt of position alignment slot and zero position platform corresponds to, for carrying out zero position.R is oriented to 41 dresses to guiding 34 and Z-direction It is being oriented to mounting base.Wedge shaped support is packaged in the bottom surface for being oriented to mounting base.
Referring to Fig. 10, the both sides of zero position platform are equipped with R direction guiding rails 34, roller mount 37 is installed on sliding block.Roller mount 37 can be in guide rail upper edge R to movement from the driving of cylinder 38.There are two groups of support wheels, one group of support wheel to correspond to zero-bit pair in roller mount Quasi- slot, another group of support wheel correspond to wedge shaped support block, and lower section is support base 43.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 8, it is shown that the position relationship of zero position platform and switching platform after zero position.Such as Fig. 8 Shown, after the completion of alignment, zero-bit bolt is inserted in zero position slot, and one group of support wheel withstands the both side surface of zero position slot, The projection portion of zero position slot.Another group of support wheel withstands on the wedge-shaped surface of wedge shaped support block.
1 is please referred to Fig.1, is the parts thereof rough schematic view of zero position platform and switching platform, under main introduction Relative position relation includes mainly fixture mounting base 45, idler wheel 44 and floating guiding mounting base 46.
It please refers to Fig.1 shown in 2,12a:Zero position platform is not operating, and turntable is rotatable.12b :Zero position platform Start to act, cylinder pushing rolling wheels seat is moved along R to towards the increased direction of turntable radius, and one group of support wheel is along zero position slot Bottom surface roll, one group of support wheel along wedge shaped support block wedge-shaped surface roll so that floating guiding mounting base rise.12c: Zero position platform execution.Turntable can start to switch fixture.
It please refers to Fig.1 shown in 3,13a:Zero position platform is not operating, and turntable is non-rotatable.13b :Zero position is flat Platform starts to act, and cylinder pushing rolling wheels seat is moved along R to the direction reduced towards turntable radius, and one group of support wheel is along zero position The bottom surface of slot rolls, and one group of support wheel is rolled along the wedge-shaped surface of wedge shaped support block so that floating guiding mounting base declines.13c :Zero position platform execution.Turntable can be rotated to welding post.
The utility model further relates to a kind of control method of intelligence switching fixture.Robot control system synchronous control, it is real Existing warehouse compartment and turntable are linked.Turntable portion is designed with 4 welding job positions, and at most turntable can place 4 fixtures simultaneously. The process of fixture switching:
One, X is unloaded to shifting carrying platform and is moved to turntable and docks place, while turntable portion rotation, a certain waiting with warehouse compartment The switching platform of switching, which is rotated into, to be docked with X to shifting carrying platform.Then, the cylinder on zero position platform along R to pushing rolling wheels Seat is mobile(I.e. along R to towards the increased direction of turntable radius):
1)As the R of roller mount is to movement, one group of support wheel is on the surface of wedge shaped support block along the wedge-shaped increased side of height To movement, the guiding mounting base of floating is jacked up therewith in Z-direction, falls the fixture on the fixed idler whell of fixture mounting base originally, After the guiding mounting base of floating jacks up, fixture is detached from the constraint of fixed idler whell, and weight then falls upward in guide R(It is oriented to The Z-direction of mounting base is oriented to as the guiding for being oriented to mounting base when Z-direction jacks up).
2)As the R of roller mount is to movement, another group of support wheel moves on the surface of the protrusion of zero position slot so that rolling Zero-bit bolt on wheel seat injects zero position slot.When turntable motor is there are when small rotation error, zero position platform can To complete the adjustment of turntable precision.
Two, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device rises to a high position at this time, and Xs of the X on shifting carrying platform catches on the " long of fixture to drawing bolt is hooked Fixture is dragged to The lifting and lowering Z-direction device by waist-shaped hole " to be switched platform, and to be switched platform is vacant.At this time in The lifting and lowering Z-direction device X plays the role of support fixture and guiding as from fixture X to movement to guiding.
Three, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device drops to low level, and clamp weight entirely falls within X on shifting carrying platform.X is to shifting carrying platform support It carries the fixture that this switches and is moved to vacant a certain Y-direction warehouse compartment.
Four, the Y-direction of the dragging trolley of the Y-direction warehouse compartment, which hooks, draws bolt to catch on " long waist-shaped hole " on fixture, and fixture is dragged to On the bridge-type Y-direction support guide of the Y-direction warehouse compartment, Y directional rolling bodies and bridge-type Y-direction of the X on shifting carrying platform, which are oriented to, constitutes fixture movement Track.
Five, X is unloaded again to shifting carrying platform and is moved to and has specified fixture(New fixture)Y-direction warehouse compartment, the warehouse compartment Dragging trolley new fixture is dragged to X to shifting carrying platform, X is moved again to turntable portion to shifting carrying platform and is docked with warehouse compartment part Place.
Six, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device rises to a high position again, jacks up new fixture and disengages it from X to shifting carrying platform.
Seven, X is moved to the tail portion of new fixture to shifting carrying platform below new fixture, and X draws bolt to catch on fixture and drags to hook Dynamic fixture is moved to vacant to be switched platform from The lifting and lowering Z-direction device.
Eight, after new fixture imports, the cylinder of zero position platform is shunk(Along R to the direction reduced towards turntable radius), Pull roller mount movement:
1)As the R of roller mount is to movement, one group of support wheel is on the surface of wedge shaped support block along the side that wedge-shaped height reduces To movement, the guiding mounting base of floating declines therewith in Z-direction, falls the fixture on the fixed idler whell of fixture mounting base originally, when After the guiding mounting base of floating declines, fixture is detached from constraints of the R to guiding, and weight is then fallen on fixed idler whell(It is oriented to peace The Z-direction for filling seat is oriented to as the guiding for being oriented to mounting base when Z-direction declines).
2)As the R of roller mount is to movement, another group of support wheel moves on the surface of the protrusion of zero position slot so that rolling Zero-bit bolt on wheel seat is detached from zero position slot.
Pay attention to:Limited roller plays the role of limiting new fixture, and movement is excessive when preventing new fixture from importing, and position is not It is accurate.
Limited roller and fixed idler whell, which match, plays the role of stationary fixture.
Nine, turntable is rotated to assigned work position.
4 are please referred to Fig.1, is fixture handover scheme when a welding post is only set.
Warehouse compartment and turntable arrangement are as shown in figure 14.Turntable portion includes tetra- switching platforms of ABCD.The toggle bit of fixture and The working position of robot is as shown in figure 13.
Assuming that carrying out the production of A class vehicles, platform B is placed with A classes fixture 47 to coordinate robot welding.It deposits warehouse compartment part Contain 4 sets of B classes fixtures 48, corresponding B class vehicles.Platform D is docked in toggle bit with warehouse compartment part.If production is B classes in next step Certain a set of B classes fixture 48 is then switched to platform D by vehicle in advance.After the completion of the productive temp for waiting for A class vehicles, turntable rotation 180 ° so that platform D is rotated to working position.The sustainable work of robot, is not take up productive temp.And turn to the flat of toggle bit Platform B then continues A class fixtures being switched to warehouse compartment to store.Arrow is directed toward the different phase state for indicating fixture switching system.
5 are please referred to Fig.1, the handover scheme A of fixture when being provided with 2 welding posts.Warehouse compartment and turntable arrangement such as Figure 15 It is shown.2 working positions are mutually perpendicular to arrange.
Assuming that the flexible production line produces two kinds of vehicles of A classes and B classes successively.Platform A has B classes spare part 49, i.e. B classes in advance Fixture 48.2 working positions are platform C and platform B respectively.When A class vehicles produce, platform D carries out piece uploading, i.e. B classes fixture is cut Change to platform D.Turntable rotates 180 ° so that platform A and platform D is located at working position.Flexible production line starts to produce B class vehicles. Platform B then carries out lower part, i.e. A classes fixture is switched to warehouse compartment to store.Then platform B carries out piece uploading, i.e., a set of B classes fixture quilt Platform B is switched to make spare part.Turntable is rotated by 90 ° so that platform C is located at toggle bit, and A class fixtures are switched to warehouse compartment to store And another set of B classes fixture 48 is switched to platform C to make spare part.Direction indicated by arrow is that fixture switching system is vertical at 2 State change flow under welding post scheme.
It please refers to Fig.1 shown in 6, the handover scheme B of fixture when being provided with 2 welding posts.Warehouse compartment and turntable such as Figure 16 It is shown.2 working positions are arranged symmetrically.Assuming that the flexible production line produces A classes and B class vehicles successively.Platform B has B in advance Class spare part 49.2 working positions are platform A and platform C respectively.When A class vehicles produce, platform D piece uploadings, B classes fixture 48 is switched To platform D.Turntable is rotated by 90 ° so that platform D and platform B is located at working position.Flexible production starts to produce B class vehicles.Platform A Lower part, A class fixtures are switched to warehouse compartment storage;Then platform A piece uploadings, it is standby to make that a set of B classes fixture 48 is switched to platform A Part.Turntable rotates 180 ° so that platform C is located at toggle bit, and A class fixtures are then switched to warehouse compartment to store and by another set of B Class fixture is switched to platform C to make spare part.Direction indicated by arrow is fixture switching system in the case where 2 are symmetrically welded station scheme State change flow.In the case of 2 welding posts above, fixture uses in pairs.
7 are please referred to Fig.1, the handover scheme of fixture when being provided with 3 welding posts.Platform A, C, B are respectively set one Working position.Warehouse compartment part is stored with 3 sets of B classes fixtures 48.Turntable portion has 3 sets of A classes fixtures 47 to put into production.When work switches, turn Platform is rotated by 90 ° every time according to productive temp, A class fixtures is switched to warehouse compartment successively, and B classes fixture 48 is switched to working position.
In conclusion the utility model intelligence fixture switching system be based on robot control be used for convey, store and Switching fixture is to coordinate the system of industrial robot crawl, welding and spraying, and not only mechanical structure is flexible, in conjunction with intelligent control energy Enough realize intelligent flexible production, meet the versatility of fixture, automation, intelligent switching requirement, and substantially increase Production efficiency effectively reduces production cost.
The above is only the most preferred embodiment of the utility model, is not made in any form to the utility model Limitation, any technical person familiar with the field, in the case where not departing from technical solutions of the utility model ambit, utilization is above-mentioned The method content of announcement makes many possible changes and modifications to technical solutions of the utility model, belongs to claims guarantor The range of shield.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of intelligence fixture switching system, including warehouse compartment and turntable, which is characterized in that the warehouse compartment include The lifting and lowering Z-direction device, X is to shifting carrying platform and Y-direction warehouse compartment;The turntable includes multiple switching platforms and turntable driving;The motor driving part of the warehouse compartment Divide and controlled by robot system, warehouse compartment is docked with some switching platform, remaining switching platform continue working.
2. intelligence fixture switching system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The The lifting and lowering Z-direction device is equipped with a high position With low level two states:When high-order, clamp weight is fallen in X to being oriented to and being detached from X to shifting carrying platform, and X is to shifting carrying platform in fixture Lower section is moved in X to track, and is caught on fixture and urged it into assigned work position;When fixture is switched to warehouse compartment, The lifting and lowering Z-direction device In low level.
3. intelligence fixture switching system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The warehouse compartment uses Modularized splice side Formula, any combinations, installation between multiple warehouse compartments, each Y-direction warehouse compartment by Y-direction track, pull trolley, Y-direction hooks position bolt and service bridge Seat composition, and Y-direction quantity-at-location infinite splicing type, X can indefinite extensions to track.
4. intelligence fixture switching system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute may be implemented in the robot system There are the linkage of warehouse compartment and track, more warehouse compartments that can run simultaneously.
5. intelligence fixture switching system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fixture installation on the switching platform Seat uses the structure of multigroup " idler wheel+fixed frame ", and fixture is relied on from flumping in fixture mounting base and stabilization is on fixed frame, The switching platform is oriented to using idler wheel, is oriented to using multigroup fixed idler whell, fixed frame and limited roller.
6. intelligence fixture switching system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The turntable is aligned using mechanical zero Mode adjust the running accuracy of turntable, cylinder pushes zero-bit bolt that it is made to be aligned in the adjustment tank of jig platform seat.
CN201820055621.3U 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 intelligent fixture switching system Expired - Fee Related CN207858145U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107931937A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-04-20 上海晓奥享荣汽车工业装备有限公司 Intelligent fixture switching system
CN109305525A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-02-05 上海悦麦智能设备有限公司 Length discrepancy formula cross becomes rail mechanism
CN113634897A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-12 华工法利莱切焊系统工程有限公司 Work piece laser flight welding workstation system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107931937A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-04-20 上海晓奥享荣汽车工业装备有限公司 Intelligent fixture switching system
CN109305525A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-02-05 上海悦麦智能设备有限公司 Length discrepancy formula cross becomes rail mechanism
CN109305525B (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-08-07 上海悦麦智能设备有限公司 Unequal-length type cross track-changing mechanism
CN113634897A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-12 华工法利莱切焊系统工程有限公司 Work piece laser flight welding workstation system

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