CN207553565U - A kind of crosshead of truss - Google Patents

A kind of crosshead of truss Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207553565U
CN207553565U CN201721111182.5U CN201721111182U CN207553565U CN 207553565 U CN207553565 U CN 207553565U CN 201721111182 U CN201721111182 U CN 201721111182U CN 207553565 U CN207553565 U CN 207553565U
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China
Prior art keywords
crosshead
platform
column
steel
railing
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CN201721111182.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周啸
戴维
刘曙
梁明雨
严贝
周瑜
朱继顺
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China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
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China Construction Steel Structure Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of crossheads of truss, are related to construction equipment field.The crosshead includes platform group, railing and the more root posts being fixed on around the platform group, the platform group includes underlying platform and at least two layers of upper platform, edge-perpendicular of each column from the bottom up successively with underlying platform and at least two layers upper platform is connect, and every layer of platform is fitted with railing in the same side.The crosshead is simple in structure, after being completed can integral hoisting installation and turnover, therefore the crosshead provide construction platform set up and have bad luck efficiently, and operation body panel safeguard procedures it is tight, ensure that the safety of construction personnel.

Description

A kind of crosshead of truss
Technical field
The utility model is related to construction equipment field more particularly to a kind of crossheads of truss.
Background technology
With the fast development of China's economy and moving forward steadily for urbanization process, at present, China has become to be surpassed in the world One of center of Development of High-rise Buildings.A big mainstream of the high-rise building as modern economy society construction industry development is economical The mark of social development constantly changes the economic structure and urban landscape in China city.
High-rise building is mostly collectively constituted more by annulus truss, semi-girder truss, the anti-buckling support of the huge column of outline border and Core Walls Structure Road protection system, it is common to resist horizontal earthquake and wind load.The construction of Super High girders layer is weight difficult point, and the truss construction scale of construction is big, Duration is tight, how to ensure truss lifting, welding procedure progress and quality, and it is compeling for era development that Super High is allowed, which to put into effect early, Highly necessary ask.At present, the construction method of domestic Super High annulus truss is not quite similar, and the working measure of use is also of all kinds, than Such as scaffold, scaffold operating platform peace tears complexity open, and using flexible is poor, and turnover is inconvenient and construction is easily by weather such as sleet It influences.
It can be seen that at present to lack during Super High truss construction it is a it is easy to use, turnover it is convenient, adaptable and pacify Complete reliable construction platform.
Utility model content
The main purpose of the utility model is that providing a kind of crosshead of truss, large-scale girders layer work progress can be solved In since construction platform is complicated, set up and removes the problems such as scale of construction is big, turnover is inconvenient and platform safety safeguard procedures are weak.
Technical solution is used by the utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem:
The crosshead includes platform group, column and railing;
The platform group includes underlying platform and at least two layers of upper platform;
The more columns are fixed on around the platform group, and the every column from the bottom up successively with the bottom The edge-perpendicular connection of platform and at least two layers upper platform;
The same side of the underlying platform and at least two layers upper platform is fitted with the railing;
Between the platform group, the column and the railing in a manner of bolted overall package into the operation Frame.
The crosshead of truss provided by the utility model, in a first aspect, the crosshead mainly includes platform group, column and column Bar, it is simple in structure, and the mode that the installation combination of each component is connected by screw bolts, it is easily assembled to and dismantles;Second aspect, should Crosshead be completed after can integral hoisting installation and remove, it is easy to use, turnover it is convenient;The third aspect, every layer of crosshead are flat The side of platform is both provided with guard rail, is effectively guaranteed the safety of personal height operation;Fourth aspect, the crosshead multilayer The structure of platform can provide sufficient working space for truss construction, the broad covered area and adaptable of constructing.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main elevation of crosshead that the utility model first embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the crosshead side elevational view and partial enlarged view that first embodiment provides;
Fig. 3 is the crosshead underlying platform plan view that first embodiment provides;
Fig. 4 is the crosshead underlying platform elevation and partial enlarged view that first embodiment provides;
Fig. 5 is the crosshead upper platform plan view that first embodiment provides;
Fig. 6 is the crosshead upper platform elevation and partial enlarged view that first embodiment provides;
Fig. 7 is the integral arrangement plan view of the crosshead of annulus truss that the utility model second embodiment provides;
Fig. 8 is the Plane Installation schematic diagram of the crosshead of annulus truss that second embodiment provides;
Fig. 9 is the side scheme of installation of the crosshead of annulus truss that second embodiment provides.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and examples to the utility model proposes a kind of truss crosshead make it is further details of Explanation.According to following explanation and claims, will be apparent from feature the advantages of the utility model.Need in addition it illustrate Be, attached drawing using very simplified form and using non-accurate ratio, only to it is convenient, lucidly illustrate this practicality newly The purpose of type embodiment.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, Fig. 1 is the main elevation of crosshead that provides of the utility model first embodiment, Fig. 2 the The crosshead side elevational view and partial enlarged view, crosshead provided in this embodiment that one embodiment provides include:
Column 100, railing 110 and platform group 200.
Wherein, platform group 200 includes underlying platform and upper platform.It should be noted that under normal conditions, upper platform Quantity according to construction need set, for example, it may be one layer, two layers or three layers etc..For clear, this reality of description Apply example by upper platform include two layers of platform for illustrate, as shown in Fig. 2, platform group 200 include underlying platform 210, on Layer platform 220 and upper platform 230.
Further, more root posts 100 are fixed on around platform group 200, and each column 100 from the bottom up successively with bottom The edge-perpendicular connection of layer platform 210, upper platform 220 and upper platform 230.
Preferably, the specification of column 100 and size are needed according to construction and existing material determines.In the present embodiment, The crosshead includes 8 root posts 100, and its length adapts to the height of construction floor.
Further, every layer of platform is fitted with railing 110 in the same side, as shown in Figure 1, railing 110 includes railing frame Frame 111, skirting board 112 and steel wire 113.Specifically, the base of railing frame 111 is bolted with platform edges, both sides While it is separately mounted in the adjacent two root posts 100 of the platform edges, and skirting board 112 is detachably secured to railing frame 111 Internal lower section, steel wire 113 are detachably secured to the top inside railing frame 111.By railing frame 111, skirting board 112 The railing 110 collectively constituted with steel wire 113 is for the security protection to the crosshead side.
Preferably, railing frame 111, the specification of skirting board 112 and steel wire 113 and size are needed and are had according to construction Material determine.In the present embodiment, the logical frame that rectangle trellis is made in 111 use side of railing frame, skirting board 112 use The diamond plate of 2mm thickness, the railing 110 is not only neat and artistic in form, and protective capacities is perfect.
Further, 100 top of each column of the crosshead is designed with column connecting piece 240, available for adjusting the behaviour Make the height of frame.The enlarged drawing of column connecting piece 240 as shown in Fig. 2 (right side), column connecting piece 240 are equipped with 4 bolts hole, Top of the holes of one end with column 100 in a manner of bolted is connect, the holes of the other end in a manner of bolted with One end connection of increased column.One group of column can be further added by the basis of the crosshead by column connecting piece 240, into One step, mating platform can be also added, passes through the range that the height of the crosshead is adjusted flexibly to increase for truss construction.
As shown in figure 3, Fig. 3 is the crosshead underlying platform plan view that first embodiment provides, behaviour provided in this embodiment The underlying platform 210 for making frame includes:
Steel frame 300, back cord 310 and steel plate 320.Specifically, back cord 310 is fixed on the back side of steel frame 300, steel plate 320 are laid in 300 plane of steel frame.
Preferably, steel frame 300, the specification of back cord 310 and steel plate 320 and size are according to construction needs and existing material It determines.In the present embodiment, several back cords 310 are with two long sides of rational spacing vertical connection steel frame 300, available for frame The support at the frame back side, steel plate 320 are laid in 300 plane of steel frame using monoblock diamond plate, are conducive to protection of revealing all the details, prevent height Sky pendant object.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the crosshead underlying platform elevation and partial enlarged view that first embodiment provides, bottom Platform 210 further includes the first bolt connection piece 400.As shown in figure 4, being set on the first bolt connection piece 400, there are two bolt hole, spiral shells The bottom end of each column 100 is fixed on two long sides of steel frame 300 by bolt after passing through the bolt hole, and is located at steel frame 300 together 100 spacing of column of side is identical.
As shown in figure 5, Fig. 5 is the crosshead upper platform plan view that first embodiment provides, behaviour provided in this embodiment The upper platform 220 for making frame includes:Steel skeleton 500 and expanded metal lath 510.Specifically, expanded metal lath 510 is laid on the steel skeleton 500 On.
Preferably, the specification and size of steel skeleton 500 and expanded metal lath 510 are needed according to construction and existing material determines. In the present embodiment, steel skeleton 500 is illustrated in figure 5 the skeleton of rectangle trellis, and expanded metal lath 510 is using monoblock Openworks shape steel plate paving It is located in 500 plane of steel skeleton, its weight can be mitigated as possible in the case where meeting personnel safety and passing through, to adapt to high-altitude work The needs of industry.
Referring to Fig. 6, Fig. 6 is the crosshead upper platform elevation and partial enlarged view that first embodiment provides, upper strata Platform 220 further includes the second bolt connection piece 600.As shown in fig. 6, being set on the second bolt connection piece 600, there are two bolt hole, spiral shells Bolt fixes column 100 and the junction at 500 edge of steel skeleton after passing through the bolt hole.
Further, the basic phase of structure of the upper platform 230 of crosshead provided in this embodiment and upper platform 220 Together, it is not repeated herein.
Further, the steel structure surface of the crosshead is painted with antirust paint, available for plant maintenance.
The crosshead that the utility model first embodiment provides has the characteristics of following and advantageous effect:In a first aspect, the behaviour Make frame and mainly include platform group, column and railing, it is simple in structure, and the side that the installation combination of each component is connected by screw bolts Formula is easily assembled to and dismantles;Second aspect, the specification and size of each structure can all need to determine with existing material according to construction It is fixed, it is economical and practical;The third aspect, the side of every layer of platform of crosshead is both provided with guard rail, by skirting board and steel wire group The safeguard procedures of conjunction are not only beautiful and clean, but also are effectively guaranteed the safety of personal height operation;Fourth aspect, the crosshead The structure of multilayer platform can provide sufficient working space for truss construction, the broad covered area and adaptable of constructing.
It is put down referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the integral arrangement of the crosshead of annulus truss that the utility model second embodiment provides Face figure, annulus truss are joined end to end by multistage truss 700 and formed.With reference to Fig. 8, Fig. 8 is the annulus that second embodiment provides The Plane Installation schematic diagram of the crosshead of truss, 700 both ends of truss are separately mounted on steel column 810 and steel column 811, and steel column 810 are equipped with bracket 820, and steel column 811 is equipped with bracket 821, and 830 both ends of crosshead are separately mounted to bracket 820 and bracket 821 On.
It should be noted that crosshead 830 installs parapeted side as outside, be conducive to security protection, and constructor Member constructs on the inside of crosshead 830 close to the side of truss 700.
Optionally, truss 700 is unilateral or both sides all can installation operation frame 830, to meet construction needs.
Further, by taking one end of crosshead 830 as an example, as shown in figure 9, Fig. 9 is the annulus purlin that second embodiment provides The side scheme of installation of the crosshead of frame, bracket 820 are triangular form, are fixed on the branch for being used as crosshead 830 on steel column 810 One of frame.
Preferably, the specification of bracket 820 and size are needed according to construction and existing material determines.In the present embodiment, Bracket 820 is made, and crosshead provided in this embodiment 830 is welded on the upper plane of bracket 820 using angle steel, with reference to this practicality Novel first embodiment, the i.e. section steel flange at 300 both ends of steel frame and 820 fillet weld seam of bracket, so that the bottom of crosshead 830 Layer platform 210 is fixed temporarily with bracket 820, and weld seam is cut off using burning torch when needing dismantling operation frame 830.
Further, on the column 100 on 830 both ends of crosshead (specifically positioned at four vertex of platform) also Angle cleat 901 is fixed with, angle cleat 901 and the steel column 810 of homonymy weld, and are conducive to keep in installation operation frame 830 It is lateral firm.
Further, using burning torch excision angle cleat 901 and steel column 810 weld seam can dismantling operation frame 830, lifting When crosshead 830 and angle cleat 901 are whole has enough to meet the need, bracket 820 individually has enough to meet the need.
Optionally, with reference to the utility model first embodiment, prevent needing the side of interim 830 top layer of dismantling operation frame During shield, upper platform 230 can use steel wire rope 902 to replace its railing 110.
Further, installation steel cat ladder can be bound between the levels platform of the inside of crosshead 830, so that construction personnel can be with It is current up and down by the steel cat ladder, and the position of the steel cat ladder adapts to the variation of construction location.
Further, safety rope is linked on the column 100 of 830 inside of crosshead, for hanging safety belt, ensures construction The safety of personnel.
Optionally, the horizontal distance of adjacent crosshead side is no more than 0.5 meter, is spread between corresponding same layer platform If horizontal springboard connection, so that construction personnel can be passed through by the springboard between two crossheads.
In the utility model embodiment, crosshead can integral hoisting installation it is in place, again can overall pulling down after the completion of construction Or turnover, therefore the construction platform that the crosshead provides is set up and has bad luck efficiently, easy to use, turnover is convenient, while reduction pair The demand of tower crane, artificial input and duration cost are smaller;The crosshead of levels platform structure is mounted on the steel of truss both sides It on column, is not influenced by weather such as wind and rain, and crosshead medial and lateral are both provided with safeguard procedures, it is ensured that construction safety;Phase Horizontal distance between adjacent crosshead is shorter, can be laid with springboard and connect corresponding platform, therefore crosshead can be not only annulus The processes such as the installation and acceptance of truss provide sufficient working space, also act as the horizontal channel between adjacent truss.
In the above-described embodiments, it all emphasizes particularly on different fields to the description of each embodiment, there is no the portion being described in detail in some embodiment Point, it may refer to the associated description of other embodiments.
It is above the description to crosshead provided by the utility model, for those skilled in the art, according to this reality With the thought of new embodiment, there will be changes in specific embodiments and applications, to sum up, this specification it is interior Appearance should not be construed as a limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of crosshead of truss, connected between adjacent two truss by steel column, which is characterized in that the crosshead packet Include platform group, column and railing;
The platform group includes underlying platform and at least two layers of upper platform;
The more columns are fixed on around the platform group, and the every column from the bottom up successively with the underlying platform And the edge-perpendicular connection of at least two layers upper platform;
The same side of the underlying platform and at least two layers upper platform is fitted with the railing;
Between the platform group, the column and the railing in a manner of bolted overall package into the crosshead.
2. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the underlying platform includes steel frame, steel plate and back cord;
The steel plate is laid in the steel frame plane;
The back cord is fixed on the steel frame back side.
3. crosshead according to claim 2, which is characterized in that two long sides of the steel frame and the more columns Connection is fixed, and the column spacing of homonymy is identical.
4. crosshead according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the edge of a wing at the steel frame both ends is respectively welded at bracket On, the bracket is fixed on the steel column of truss both sides.
5. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper platform includes steel skeleton and is laid on described Expanded metal lath on steel skeleton;
Two long sides of the steel skeleton connect fixation with the more columns.
6. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the company of being fixed on the column at the crosshead both ends Angle steel is connect, the angle cleat is fixed with the steel column, so that the crosshead frame body consolidates.
7. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the railing includes railing frame, skirting board and steel wire Net;
The railing frame base of each layer of platform is fixed on by bolted connection on the platform, two sides difference On two adjacent columns;
The skirting board is detachably secured to the lower section of the railing lower portion;
The steel wire is detachably secured to the top of the railing lower portion.
8. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the railing of the upper platform of top layer is by steel Cord replaces, in order to remove the side shield of the crosshead top layer.
9. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crosshead further includes column connecting piece, described vertical Top of the one end of column connector with the column in a manner of bolted is connect, and the other end of the column connecting piece is with spiral shell It tethers the mode connect to connect with one end of increased column, to increase the height of the crosshead.
10. crosshead according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crosshead be mounted on the truss unilateral side or Both sides.
CN201721111182.5U 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of crosshead of truss Active CN207553565U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110984553A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-10 浙江宝业建设集团有限公司 Detachable turnover high-altitude large-cantilever formwork and construction method
CN113152871A (en) * 2021-04-18 2021-07-23 广西建工第一建筑工程集团有限公司 Tool type temporary cantilever steel beam foundation system device and mounting and dismounting use method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110984553A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-04-10 浙江宝业建设集团有限公司 Detachable turnover high-altitude large-cantilever formwork and construction method
CN113152871A (en) * 2021-04-18 2021-07-23 广西建工第一建筑工程集团有限公司 Tool type temporary cantilever steel beam foundation system device and mounting and dismounting use method

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Address after: 3801, 38 / F, Zhongjian science and engineering building, No. 3331, Weilan Coast Community Center Road, Yuehai street, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: China Construction Engineering Group Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 518000 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Nanshan District Guangdong streets Center Road No. 3331 steel built in 27 storey building room 2701

Patentee before: China Construction Steel Structure Corp.,Ltd.