CN207553458U - Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device - Google Patents

Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207553458U
CN207553458U CN201721421883.9U CN201721421883U CN207553458U CN 207553458 U CN207553458 U CN 207553458U CN 201721421883 U CN201721421883 U CN 201721421883U CN 207553458 U CN207553458 U CN 207553458U
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China
Prior art keywords
filtering
rainwater
collecting vessel
filter drum
drum
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CN201721421883.9U
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张玲玲
刘文平
刘璇
张文斌
孙绍钧
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Yantai University
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Yantai University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system devices,The device device includes roof drain,Abandoned stream supporting rack,Water-supply-pipe,Downpipe,Cistern,Water blocking floating ball,Ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube,Immersible pump,By-pass filtration net,Filter drum,Bypass branch's rain pipe,Filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel,Cistern access hole,Ventilation overflow pipe,Soil cleaning port,Annular floating ball baffle,Abandoned stream container,Drum filtration case,Secondary filtration net,Catch basin,Grab,Rhampotheca,Lug,Handle,Arc scraper plate,Flow is entered by downpipe,After first passing through the dirty going or staying of abandoned stream container section,It is follow-up to be rotated relative to clean rain-impact filter drum,Arc scraper plate will be adhered under the dirt scraping of the filter drum simultaneously,Filter drum rotates and dirt is got rid of into filtering and cut in dirty collecting vessel by the double action of water impact,The multiple filtrations such as the filter hole that rainwater passes through filter drum enter cistern,The present apparatus realizes ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection and processing.

Description

Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device
The present invention relates to a kind of ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system devices, belong to life machine for producing tool Device field.
Background technology
Water is the essential natural resources of human survival and development, China's water resources shortage, and with spatial and temporal distributions Unbalanced feature.It is calculated according to population in 2004, the occupancy volume of China's water resource per capita is 2185m3, the insufficient world is averaged Horizontal 1/3rd.China is classified as one of 13 typical poor-water states by the United Nations.Water shortage, which has also become, seriously restricts me The principal element of state's national economy and social development.
Rainwater is a kind of most basic, most direct, most economical water resource, is the important ring in nature water resource system Section to recharge of groundwater source, improves and preserves the ecological environment and play extremely crucial effect.The rainwater resource in China enriches, year Rainfall is up to 6.19 trillion m3, therefore rainwater utilization becomes an important channel for realizing Sustainable Water Resources Development.
At abroad, much country early begins to the research and utilization in terms of rainwater.
Day originally attaches great importance to Application of Urban Rain Water.Such as it is in Tokyo, Fu Gang, Osaka and Nagoya large size ball park Rainwater utilization system, gathering surface is up to ten thousand m of 1.6-3.53, water storage pool volume 1000-2800m3, rainwater is after sand filtration and disinfection For toilet flushing and greening, system year is using amount of rainfall up to 30,000 m3More than.Germany has formed " third to the beginning of this century Generation " rainwater utilization technology and relevant new standard.Germany collects rainwater using common rain water pipe and reaches after simple processing Miscellaneous water water supply standard, lavatory flushing and garden available for block apartment, which pour, to be spilt, and some areas can be saved using rainwater and be drunk Water is up to 50%.In Britain, the part miscellaneous water collected in local region can be alleviated Urban Water Crisis by water storage ground system.Example Such as the development on its " water storage ground ", pondage is up to 100L/m2, the ground rainwater of collection becomes building together with rain water on roof The water source of interior middle water, for lavatory flushing.In Denmark, the people of urban area are by the rainwater being collected into after pre-filtering equipment It is stored to storage cistern, when use is taken by float-type filter for toilet flushing or laundry.The rain collected from Denmark roof Water is every year up to 22,900,000 m3, it is equivalent to the 24% of current drinking water production.In addition, the other countries in the current world are such as Belgium, Holland, the U.S., Singapore etc. all have their own characteristics each in terms of rainwater utilization, also comparative maturity, and level of application is also extremely wide General, universal, this all plays good experience to the rainwater utilization in China and demonstrates.
Compared to foreign countries, the rainwater utilization technology in China is started late, and be concentrated mainly on water-deficient area research and Using.In recent years, China mostly was building sponge city demonstration pilot project, and rainwater is made to obtain biggerization utilization.But generally, I For the rainwater-collecting of state with remaining in the exploratory stage using technology, the less and external gap of covering surface is also very big.
From the point of view of rainwater utilization present situation both domestic and external, the utility value of roof rain water is considerable.Roof rain water is compared For ground rainwater, water quality is preferable, and easily collects.Particularly with the distributings single building such as Circum-dwellings, villa For, roof collects that rain face is big, and silt and sundries are few naturally, is connect by downpipe with surface collection apparatus, facilitates realization rainwater It collects.But current rainwater-collecting equipment is mostly the large scale equipment of centralized processing, complicated huge, mostly buried, dimension Pillar reason is inconvenient, and high equipment cost collects 1m3Rainwater cost be about 2000 yuan, compared with using tap water, rainwater-collecting into Ben Taigao, therefore do not received by general public, affect the extensive use of rainwater utilization and popularized.
Invention content
To solve above-mentioned technical problem of the prior art, at ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection Manage system and device.
Technical scheme is as follows:
Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device, including roof drain 1, abandoned stream supporting rack 2, water-supply-pipe 3, Downpipe 4, cistern 5, water blocking floating ball 6, ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7, immersible pump 8, by-pass filtration net 9, filter drum 10, bypass Branch's rain pipe 11, filtering cut dirty collecting vessel 12, cistern access hole 13, ventilation overflow pipe 14, soil cleaning port 15, annular floating ball gear Plate 16, abandoned stream container 17, drum filtration case 18, secondary filtration net 19, catch basin 20, grab 21, rhampotheca 22, lug 23, handle 24th, arc scraper plate 25,
The downpipe 4 is vertically-mounted along building wall, and the upper port of the downpipe 4 is connected with roof drain 1;
4 lower end of the downpipe connection abandoned stream container 17,17 bottom of abandoned stream container is equipped with abandoned stream supporting rack 2, and And 17 bottom of abandoned stream container is also formed with soil cleaning port 15, and the muddy rainwater in the abandoned stream container 17 is accumulated on for initial stage Abandoned stream, the water blocking floating ball 6 met and be capable of free floating after water is placed in the cavity of the abandoned stream container 17, and the downpipe 4 leans on It is formed with the annular floating ball baffle 16 of circle protrusion on the inner wall of nearly 17 top of the abandoned stream container, and the water blocking floating ball 6 Sphere diameter is more than the caliber at annular floating ball baffle 16 described in the downpipe 4, while less than the tube chamber of the downpipe 4 Caliber;
Upper position of the downpipe 4 at the annular floating ball baffle 16 is provided with through-hole, and through hole is equipped with level-one mistake Strainer 9, and the through-hole is connected with bypassing 11 one end of branch's rain pipe, the other end of bypass branch rain pipe 11 and rolling Catch basin 20 in cylinder Rose Box 18 connects;
Meanwhile the inner wall of downpipe 4 and bypass branch rain pipe 11 is the contorted pipe design of downward spiral, enhances water The flow velocity of rainwater in pipe;
18 top of drum filtration case, which is formed with, pulls and pushes the opening that filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12, and bottom is equipped with secondary filtration Net 19, the filter drum 10 is designed for cylinder shape to be placed in 18 babinet of drum filtration case, and the filter drum 10 is Aperture stainless steel strainer rolls, and 10 top of filter drum is equipped with the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 and the collection Sink 20;
The filtering cuts dirty 12 top surface of collecting vessel and is formed with lug 23 and handle 24, bottom and the bucket of the filter drum 10 Face contact position is equipped with the arc scraper plate 25 being used cooperatively with described 10 barrels of faces of filter drum, and the filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 sides contacted with the catch basin 20 are formed with grab 21, and the lug 23 limits the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 in described In the plate face of 18 top open part of drum filtration case, the filtering is cut into dirty collecting vessel 12 and is fixed on the drum filtration case 18, The handle 24 cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 for lifting or being put into the filtering, so as to which filtering described in periodic cleaning cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 Interior dirt;
The arc scraper plate 25 is close to the filter drum 10, and is no more than 1mm, institute with the spacing of the filter drum 10 Stating when filter drum 10 rotates will be attached under the dirt scraping of the filter drum 10, and the dirt scraped is rolled with the filtering The rotation of cylinder 10 is got rid of the filtering and is cut in dirty collecting vessel 12, meanwhile, the flow that the filter drum 10 is thrown away when rotating also can Dirt impact is entered the filtering to cut in dirty collecting vessel 12;
The bottom of the catch basin 20 is formed with circular shape opening matched with the round tank face of the filter drum 10, And leakproof adhesive tape is installed with the edge of opening of the bucket face contact position of the filter drum 10 for preventing rainwater from revealing; The filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 and is communicated with the contact surface of the catch basin 20, is got rid of for collecting when the filter drum 10 rotates Enter the dirt that the filtering is cut in dirty collecting vessel 12;And the hook with the grab 21 cooperation grafting is formed on the catch basin 20 Set 22 so that the filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 and fixed with the catch basin 20, and the catch basin 20 is cut with the filtering Dirty 12 contact position edge of collecting vessel is formed with leakproof adhesive tape;
Rainwater sweeps away by bypass branch rain pipe 11 and is rolled along 10 tangential direction of the filter drum impact filtering Cylinder 10 makes its fast scroll, and the dirt that the dirt in rainwater or the arc scraper plate 25 scrape is got rid of and cuts dirty collect into the filtering In bucket 12, hole of the rainwater Jing Guo the filter drum 10 after filtering is flowed into the drum filtration case 18, and dirt enters institute It states filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12;
Rainwater after filtering again by the bottom for being installed on the drum filtration case 18 19 mistake of secondary filtration net Cistern 5 is flowed into after filter;
5 bottom of cistern is equipped with ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7 and immersible pump 8, the ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7 into Enter the rainwater in pond to carry out disinfection processing, the immersible pump 8 is connected with water-supply-pipe 3, and the water-supply-pipe 3 connects with external watering equipment It is logical, meanwhile, 5 top of cistern is equipped with cistern access hole 13 and ventilation overflow pipe 14, for rain when maintenance and heavy rain The overflow of water.
It is preferred that the filter drum 10 rolls encirclement for stainless steel filtering net (120 mesh), the by-pass filtration net 9 is (18 Mesh) stainless steel filter screen, the secondary filtration net 19 is (120 mesh) stainless steel filtering net, further improves filter effect.
It is preferred that the annular floating ball baffle 16 is rubber enclosed, leakproofness when enhancing contacts between the two.
It is preferred that the 20 side waist of catch basin is arcwall face, to increase its water capacity, accommodates and collect from the bypass branch It is that rain pipe 11 flows into, have little time rainwater into above-mentioned filter drum 10.
Roof rainwater collection generally comprises rainwater catchment, cuts dirt, the flows such as initial Split-flow, filter, regulate and store.The dress of the present invention The renewable natural energy sources such as potential energy, the kinetic energy declined by the use of wind energy, rainwater are put as driving force, with conventional rain collector phase Than not needing in addition use other energy such as electricity, coal using natural energy source driving, being greatly saved the energy, significantly improve rain Water collection efficiency, while filter effect is enhanced, and exempt the cleaning of filtering material and backwash daily maintenance.
The rainwater-collecting disposition of the system and device of the present invention is as follows:
1) rain water on roof is flowed into after importing roof drain rectification in downpipe from Roof Runoff to rain water on roof eaves gutter.
2) it is mingled with the rainwater of the particulate matters such as stone, the silt non-full pipe in downpipe and flows into abandoning set on downpipe bottom end In stream container.With the rising of liquid level, the water blocking floating ball in abandoned stream container is risen at abandoned stream liquid level, is caught in abandoned stream liquid level Locate to complete initial Split-flow in the annular floating ball baffle of setting.Rain after open be set to abandoned stream container bottom soil cleaning port it is clear Reason, this part initial Split-flow rainwater can be used for the uses such as pouring, also be the amount of rainfalls of recoverable.
3) stainless steel filter screen (18 mesh) is vertical on downpipe wall surface, and rainwater relatively clean is through heavy caliber after abandoned stream Stainless steel filter screen (18 mesh) enter after once filtering in bypass branch rain pipe, since the dirt under filtering is made by gravity It with the downward souring for going back rain, will not be piled up on stainless steel filter screen, effectively prevent blocking during filtering.
4) catch basin above bypass branch rain pipe connection filter drum, catch basin base is arc, and rolling is filtered in fitting The shape of cylinder, and side is cut dirty collecting vessel with filtering and is connected, and side is trapezoidal for curl, the rain flowed down by bypassing branch's rain pipe The tangential direction of water along filter drum is tilted into catch basin and impact filtration roller, and filter drum is designed for cylinder shape, and Outer wall is rolled, and connect swivel bearing with aperture stainless steel strainer (120 mesh), due to the potential energy and kinetic energy of rainwater landing Horizontal tangential power is produced at filter drum, driving filter drum rotates and rely on the dirt " getting rid of " that centrifugal force retains strainer Enter filtering to cut in dirty collecting vessel, filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel and is equipped with arc scraper plate at filter drum, and filter drum is at work The dirt that surface is saved bit by bit is swept in time by arc scraper plate, and the centrifugal force " getting rid of " generated by filter drum rotation enters filtering and cuts dirty receive Collect in bucket, it is basket type structure that filtering, which cuts dirty collecting vessel, that is, is formed with pluggable filtering basket, it is proposed that cleaning dirt;It utilizes The driving rotation of rainwater kinetic energy will not generate blocking, therefore remove clean and maintenance and backwash maintenance from;Rainwater enter filter drum into Gone secondary filter, when flowing out filter drum by secondary filtration net after carried out flowing into cistern after third time filters again In.
5) ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube is set in cistern, to being used after carrying out disinfection processing into the rainwater in pond.Water storage Pond sets cistern access hole for daily clean and maintenance, if ventilation overflow pipe is used for the overflow of rainwater during heavy rain.
6) treated clean rainwater connects water pipe by the compact submersible pump being set in cistern, available for flushing the toilet, irrigating, Garden, which pours, to be spilt and carwash etc..
The system and device of the present invention carries out the rainwater of roofing to cut dirty and initial Split-flow, is received after triple filter, disinfection Collection utilizes.The system and device of the present invention has efficient simple in structure, low cost, rainwater-collecting, ultromotivity clean and maintenance, installation Management facilitates the advantages of applied widely.
The innovation of the present invention is, is formed with downpipe and bypass branch rainwater that inner wall of the pipe is downward spiral rotating shape Appropriate angle of inclination between pipe and bypass branch's rain pipe and filter drum be (bypass branch's rain pipe and vertical direction Angle is 45 °~60 °), above-mentioned design further improves kinetic energy when potential energy and the whereabouts of rainwater, so that the rainwater to fall It obtains enough potential energy and kinetic energy and improves filter effect to push the rotation of filter drum.
Innovative point is as described below in detail,
1st, dirt-abandoned stream integrated design is cut, equipment simple economy, low cost, maintenance management is conveniently;Rainwater will not after abandoned stream With the blending of abandoned stream rainwater, by-pass filtration net is vertical on downpipe wall surface, and the dirt under filtering is also rainy by gravity The downward souring of water will not be piled up on the net, effectively reduce the blocking of a filter screen.
2nd, the self-cleaning cyclone filter design of drum-type, the kinetic energy driving filter drum to be fallen using rainwater are rotated, relied on Centrifugal force cuts dirty and double-filtration, and strainer flushing-free, rainwater-collecting resistance is small, and collection efficiency is high.Catch basin side is curl ladder Shape designs, and increases collection flow, improves filter efficiency of the rainwater in filter drum, and reduce leak.Filtering cuts dirt Collecting vessel is equipped with arc scraper plate, and dirt is easier to collect.Rainwater enters drum and has carried out secondary filter, when flowing out filter drum It has carried out third time again by secondary filtration net to filter, filter efficiency is high;It is different from the gravel often used at present, sandstone rainwater mistake The mode of processing is filtered, such method filtration resistance greatly reduces, and rainwater-collecting efficiency greatly improves.
The ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing unit of the present invention has simple in structure, low cost, rainwater-collecting The advantages that efficient, ultromotivity clean and maintenance, installation management facilitate, the cost of package unit is highly beneficial at 600 yuan or so 95% rain water on roof can be made effectively to be collected in carrying out marketing and use, this equipment, the rainwater of collection can be used for Flush the toilet, pour, road garden pour spill, the purposes such as carwash, realize that the multiple-effect of rainwater utilizes, and it is short greatly to alleviate China's water resource The problem of lacking.On the whole, rainwater-collecting is promoted and used on a large scale, for reducing rainwater discharge, making Rainwater Resources, slow Solve global water resources crisis, the energy consumption for reducing water treatment and conveying, emission reduction of saving water and energy are of great significance.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device overall schematic.
Fig. 2 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device abandoned stream part partial schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device drum filtration box part partial schematic diagram, In, A-1, A-2 are respectively section.
Fig. 4 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device drum filtration box part partial schematic diagram A-1 Sectional view.
Fig. 5 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device drum filtration box part partial schematic diagram A-2 Sectional view.
Fig. 6 is ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device accumulator portion partial schematic diagram.
In Fig. 1-6,1, roof drain, 2, abandoned stream supporting rack, 4, downpipe, 5, cistern, 6, water blocking floating ball, 7, ultraviolet light disappears Malicious fluorescent tube, 8, immersible pump, 9, by-pass filtration net, 10, filter drum, 11, bypass branch rain pipe, 12, filtering cut a dirty collecting vessel, 13rd, cistern access hole, 14, ventilation overflow pipe, 15, soil cleaning port, 16, annular floating ball baffle, 17, abandoned stream container, 18, roller Rose Box, 19, secondary filtration net, 20, catch basin, 21, grab, 22, rhampotheca, 23, lug, 24, handle, 25, arc scraper plate.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
China region is wide, and the Urban Rain amount difference in different rainfall time zones is very big, and rainwater collects the amount utilized Also it can be very different, this example determines equipment respectively with southern rainy, northwest drought, the typical rainfall time zones in dry three of the north Size, and using Guangzhou, Qinghai, three, Yantai city as representative, by Designed recurrence period be 2 years, rainfall initial stage 5min abandoned streams are distinguished Determine size.
Each equipment size of northern area is calculated by taking Area in Yantai Region as an example, south and the Northwest's equipment ruler is similarly calculated It is very little.
Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device, including roof drain 1, abandoned stream supporting rack 2, water-supply-pipe 3, Downpipe 4, cistern 5, water blocking floating ball 6, ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7, immersible pump 8, by-pass filtration net 9, filter drum 10, bypass Branch's rain pipe 11, filtering cut dirty collecting vessel 12, cistern access hole 13, ventilation overflow pipe 14, soil cleaning port 15, annular floating ball gear Plate 16, abandoned stream container 17, drum filtration case 18, secondary filtration net 19, catch basin 20, grab 21, rhampotheca 22, lug 23, handle 24th, arc scraper plate 25,
The downpipe 4 is vertically-mounted along building wall, and the upper port of the downpipe 4 is connected with roof drain 1;
4 lower end of the downpipe connection abandoned stream container 17,17 bottom of abandoned stream container is equipped with abandoned stream supporting rack 2, and And 17 bottom of abandoned stream container is also formed with soil cleaning port 15, and the muddy rainwater in the abandoned stream container 17 is accumulated on for initial stage Abandoned stream, the water blocking floating ball 6 met and be capable of free floating after water is placed in the cavity of the abandoned stream container 17, and the downpipe 4 leans on It is formed with the annular floating ball baffle 16 of circle protrusion on the inner wall of nearly 17 top of the abandoned stream container, and the water blocking floating ball 6 Sphere diameter is more than the caliber at annular floating ball baffle 16 described in the downpipe 4, while less than the tube chamber of the downpipe 4 Caliber;
Upper position of the downpipe 4 at the annular floating ball baffle 16 is provided with through-hole, and through hole is equipped with level-one mistake Strainer 9, and the through-hole is connected with bypassing 11 one end of branch's rain pipe, the other end of bypass branch rain pipe 11 and rolling Catch basin 20 in cylinder Rose Box 18 connects;
Meanwhile the inner wall of downpipe 4 and bypass branch rain pipe 11 is the contorted pipe design of downward spiral, enhances water The flow velocity of rainwater in pipe;
18 top of drum filtration case, which is formed with, pulls and pushes the opening that filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12, and bottom is equipped with secondary filtration Net 19, the filter drum 10 is designed for cylinder shape to be placed in 18 babinet of drum filtration case, and the filter drum 10 is Aperture stainless steel strainer rolls, and 10 top of filter drum is equipped with the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 and the collection Sink 20;
The filtering cuts dirty 12 top surface of collecting vessel and is formed with lug 23 and handle 24, bottom and the bucket of the filter drum 10 Face contact position is equipped with the arc scraper plate 25 being used cooperatively with described 10 barrels of faces of filter drum, and the filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 sides contacted with the catch basin 20 are formed with grab 21, and the lug 23 limits the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 in described In the plate face of 18 top open part of drum filtration case, the filtering is cut into dirty collecting vessel 12 and is fixed on the drum filtration case 18, The handle 24 cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 for lifting or being put into the filtering, so as to which filtering described in periodic cleaning cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 Interior dirt;
The arc scraper plate 25 is close to the filter drum 10, and is no more than 1mm, institute with the spacing of the filter drum 10 Stating when filter drum 10 rotates will be attached under the dirt scraping of the filter drum 10, and the dirt scraped is rolled with the filtering The rotation of cylinder 10 is got rid of the filtering and is cut in dirty collecting vessel 12, meanwhile, the flow that the filter drum 10 is thrown away when rotating also can Dirt impact is entered the filtering to cut in dirty collecting vessel 12;
The bottom of the catch basin 20 is formed with opens with the matched arcwall face shape in the round tank face of the filter drum 10 Mouthful, and leakproof adhesive tape is installed for preventing rainwater from letting out with the edge of opening of the bucket face contact position of the filter drum 10 Dew;The filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel 12 and is communicated with the contact surface of the catch basin 20, is rotated for collecting the filter drum 10 When get rid of the dirt that the filtering is cut in dirty collecting vessel 12;And it is formed on the catch basin 20 and coordinates grafting with the grab 21 Rhampotheca 22 so that the filtering cuts a dirty collecting vessel 12 and is fixed with the catch basin 20, and the catch basin 20 and the mistake Filter cuts dirty 12 contact position edge of collecting vessel and is formed with leakproof adhesive tape;
Rainwater sweeps away by bypass branch rain pipe 11 and is rolled along 10 tangential direction of the filter drum impact filtering Cylinder 10 makes its fast scroll, and the dirt that the dirt in rainwater or the arc scraper plate 25 scrape is got rid of and cuts dirty collect into the filtering In bucket 12, hole of the rainwater Jing Guo the filter drum 10 after filtering is flowed into the drum filtration case 18, and dirt enters institute It states filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel 12;
Rainwater after filtering again by the bottom for being installed on the drum filtration case 18 19 mistake of secondary filtration net Cistern 5 is flowed into after filter;
5 bottom of cistern is equipped with ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7 and immersible pump 8, the ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube 7 into Enter the rainwater in pond to carry out disinfection processing, the immersible pump 8 is connected with water-supply-pipe 3, and the water-supply-pipe 3 connects with external watering equipment It is logical, meanwhile, 5 top of cistern is equipped with cistern access hole 13 and ventilation overflow pipe 14, for rain when maintenance and heavy rain The overflow of water.
In this example, the by-pass filtration net 9 is (18 mesh) stainless steel filter screen, and the secondary filtration net 19 is (120 mesh) Stainless steel filtering net, the filter drum 10 are rolled and are surrounded for stainless steel filtering net (120 mesh), further improve filter effect.
In this example, the 20 side waist of catch basin is arcwall face, to increase its water capacity, accommodates and collects from the bypass point It is that branch rain pipe 11 flows into, have little time rainwater into above-mentioned filter drum 10.
In this example, the annular floating ball baffle 16 is rubber enclosed, enhances leakproofness when contacting between the two.This example In, 6 vertical direction of downpipe is designed for lower helical pipe, further improves rectification effect.
According to Rain Intensity Formula Based:
Q---- storm intensities [L/ (shm2)];
A1----rain force parameter (mm)
It is calculated according to 5 minutes rainfalls of rainfall in this example t---- rainfall durations (min):
T---- is the return period (year), and the return period is 2 years;
C---- rain variation parameters
B---- rainfall duration corrected parameters (min)
N---- heavy rain damped expoentials
Table look-up to obtain Area in Yantai Region A1=6.912mm/min;C=1.067;B=9.018;N=0.609;
Data are substituted into, are obtained according to formula
Roof ponding amount formula:
Q---- roof pondings flow (L/S);
ψ ----runoff coefficient takes 0.9 in this example;
F---- catchment areas (m2), 100m is taken in this example2
Gained roof ponding flow Q=2.749 (L/S)
The abandoned stream volume for determining the abandoned stream container 17 in 5 minutes is 300 × 2.749=824.7dm3=0.825m3
A diameter of DN200mm of filter drum 10, length 0.8m;The size of drum filtration case 18 for length × width × height= 1m×1m×1m。
Storm intensity was met according to 2 years one, takes rainfall duration T=1h, obtains storm intensity as 115.707L/ (shm2), room Area water is 1.041L/S, then the volume of cistern is 60 × 60 × 1.041=3748.907L=3.749m3
Design length × width × height=2m × 2m × 1m of cistern 5.
Cost is as described in Table 1.
1 distributing rainwater-collecting equipment cost of table estimates table
With Area in Yantai Region 100m2House for, take Roof Runoff coefficient 0.8, in 1 year collect amount of rainfall be 53.2m3, then according to 3.55 yuan/ton of the water price calculating of Area in Yantai Region, the water price that can be saved in 1 year is 188.86 yuan, 2.7 Recoverable cost in year.It is calculated through research group, only the Circum-dwellings of Area in Yantai Region, 275 tons of standard coal can be saved in 1 year.
The rainfall of Area in Yantai Region in May, 2016 continuously three times is analyzed at random, takes abandoned stream-pollution cutting device respectively Interior and cistern water outlet rainwater is detected, and water quality index is as shown in table 2.More than index, is satisfied by《Regeneration of urban sewage Utilize-urban reclaimed water water quality》(GB/T 18920-2002) and《Building and cell rainwater utilization project technical specification》 (GB50400-2006) rainwater index after processing specified in.
2 Rainwater Quality index of table changes
By taking Yantai as an example, system and device the whole series cost in Yantai is designed at 600 yuan or so, is very beneficial for carrying out market It promotes the use of, by investigation, in Yantai 100m2Roofing every year collectable rain water on roof be 53.2m3, only with regard to Area in Yantai Region Circum-dwellings for, can save 275 tons/year of standard coal, reduce CO272 tons/year of discharge.It is used as a wide range of, for subtracting Water short of rain discharges, makes Rainwater Resources, alleviation water resources crisis, the energy consumption for reducing water treatment and conveying, saving water and energy subtracts Row is of great significance.

Claims (4)

1. ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device, including roof drain (1), abandoned stream supporting rack (2), water-supply-pipe (3), downpipe (4),
Characterized by further comprising cistern (5), water blocking floating ball (6), ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube (7), immersible pump (8), level-one mistakes Strainer (9), filter drum (10), bypass branch's rain pipe (11), filtering cut a dirty collecting vessel (12), cistern access hole (13), Ventilation overflow pipe (14), soil cleaning port (15), annular floating ball baffle (16), abandoned stream container (17), drum filtration case (18), two level mistake Strainer (19), catch basin (20), grab (21), rhampotheca (22), lug (23), handle (24), arc scraper plate (25),
The downpipe (4) is vertically-mounted along building wall, and the upper port of the downpipe (4) is connected with roof drain (1);
Downpipe (4) the lower end connection abandoned stream container (17), abandoned stream container (17) bottom is equipped with abandoned stream supporting rack (2), and the abandoned stream container (17) bottom is also formed with soil cleaning port (15), is accumulated in the abandoned stream container (17) for initial stage Muddy rainwater abandoned stream, the water blocking floating ball met and be capable of free floating after water is placed in the cavity of the abandoned stream container (17) (6), the downpipe (4) is formed with the annular floating ball baffle of circle protrusion on the inner wall above the abandoned stream container (17) (16), and the sphere diameter of the water blocking floating ball (6) is more than described in the downpipe (4) at annular floating ball baffle (16) Caliber, while less than the tube chamber caliber of the downpipe (4);
Upper position of the downpipe (4) at the annular floating ball baffle (16) is provided with through-hole, and through hole is equipped with level-one mistake Strainer (9), and the through-hole is connected with bypass branch rain pipe (11) one end, it is described to bypass the another of branch's rain pipe (11) End is connected with the catch basin (20) in drum filtration case (18);
Meanwhile the inner wall of downpipe (4) and bypass branch's rain pipe (11) is the contorted pipe design of downward spiral, enhances water The flow velocity of rainwater in pipe;
It is formed at the top of the drum filtration case (18) and pulls and pushes the opening that filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel (12), bottom is equipped with secondary filtration Net (19), the filter drum (10) is designed for cylinder shape to be placed in drum filtration case (18) babinet, the filtering rolling Cylinder (10) is rolled for aperture stainless steel strainer, and filter drum (10) top is equipped with the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) and the catch basin (20);
The filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) top surface and is formed with lug (23) and handle (24), bottom and the filter drum (10) Bucket face contact position is equipped with the arc scraper plate (25) being used cooperatively with the filter drum (10) bucket face, and the filtering cuts dirt Collecting vessel (12) is formed with grab (21) with the side that the catch basin (20) contacts, and lug (23) the limiting filtering cuts dirt It is fixed to be cut dirty collecting vessel (12) in the plate face of drum filtration case (18) top open part by collecting vessel (12) for the filtering In the drum filtration case (18), the handle (24) cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) for lifting or being put into the filtering, depending on The phase cleaning filtering cuts the dirt in dirty collecting vessel (12);
The arc scraper plate (25) is close to the filter drum (10), and is no more than 1mm with the spacing of the filter drum (10), It will be attached under the dirt scraping of the filter drum (10), and the dirt scraped is with described during filter drum (10) rotation The rotation of filter drum (10), which is got rid of, to cut into the filtering in dirty collecting vessel (12), meanwhile, the filter drum (10) is got rid of when rotating The flow gone out, which can also impact dirt, to be entered in the dirty collecting vessel (12) of the filtering section;
The bottom of the catch basin (20) is formed with circular shape opening matched with the round tank face of the filter drum (10), And leakproof adhesive tape is installed with the edge of opening of the bucket face contact position of the filter drum (10) for preventing rainwater from letting out Dew;The filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) and is communicated with the contact surface of the catch basin (20), for collecting the filter drum (10) dirt that the filtering is cut in dirty collecting vessel (12) is got rid of when rotating;And it is formed with and the card on the catch basin (20) Hook (21) coordinates the rhampotheca (22) of grafting so that and the filtering cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) and the catch basin (20) is fixed, and The catch basin (20) cuts dirty collecting vessel (12) contact position edge with the filtering and is formed with leakproof adhesive tape;
Rainwater sweeps away by bypass branch's rain pipe (11) and is rolled along filter drum (10) tangential direction impact filtering Cylinder (10) makes its fast scroll, and the dirt that the dirt in rainwater or the arc scraper plate (25) scrape is got rid of and cuts dirt into the filtering In collecting vessel (12), hole of the rainwater Jing Guo the filter drum (10) after filtering is flowed into the drum filtration case (18), Dirt enters the filtering and cuts dirty collecting vessel (12);
Rainwater after filtering again by the bottom for being installed on the drum filtration case (18) secondary filtration net (19) mistake Cistern (5) is flowed into after filter;
Cistern (5) bottom is equipped with ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube (7) and immersible pump (8), the ultraviolet disinfecting lamp tube (7) Carry out disinfection to the rainwater in entrance pond processing, and the immersible pump (8) connects with water-supply-pipe (3), the water-supply-pipe (3) and outside Watering equipment connects, meanwhile, cistern access hole (13) and ventilation overflow pipe (14) at the top of the cistern (5) are installed, used The overflow of rainwater when maintenance and heavy rain.
2. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the filter drum (10) rolls packet for 120 mesh of stainless steel filtering net It encloses, the by-pass filtration net (9) is 18 mesh stainless steel filter screens, and the secondary filtration net (19) is 120 mesh stainless steel filtering nets.
3. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the annular floating ball baffle (16) is rubber enclosed.
4. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that catch basin (20) side waist is arcwall face.
CN201721421883.9U 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device Withdrawn - After Issue CN207553458U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107642204A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 烟台大学 Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device
CN111005513A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Automatic roof rainwater discarding and recycling device
CN111995099A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-11-27 长沙理工大学 Rainwater collecting and utilizing system for urban viaduct and using method thereof
CN113216319A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-08-06 深圳市昊原装饰设计工程有限公司 Green building roof rainwater recycle system
CN116951645A (en) * 2023-09-20 2023-10-27 江苏华唐大康医疗科技有限公司 Air filtering device of indoor purifier

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107642204A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 烟台大学 Ultromotivity automatically cleaning roof rainwater collection processing system device
CN107642204B (en) * 2017-10-31 2023-11-07 烟台大学 Automatic force self-cleaning roof rainwater collecting and processing system device
CN111005513A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Automatic roof rainwater discarding and recycling device
CN111995099A (en) * 2020-09-24 2020-11-27 长沙理工大学 Rainwater collecting and utilizing system for urban viaduct and using method thereof
CN113216319A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-08-06 深圳市昊原装饰设计工程有限公司 Green building roof rainwater recycle system
CN116951645A (en) * 2023-09-20 2023-10-27 江苏华唐大康医疗科技有限公司 Air filtering device of indoor purifier

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