CN201972229U - Residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device - Google Patents

Residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201972229U
CN201972229U CN2011200822756U CN201120082275U CN201972229U CN 201972229 U CN201972229 U CN 201972229U CN 2011200822756 U CN2011200822756 U CN 2011200822756U CN 201120082275 U CN201120082275 U CN 201120082275U CN 201972229 U CN201972229 U CN 201972229U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rainwater
storage tank
water
dwelling house
utilization
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011200822756U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宰松梅
温季
李金山
郭树龙
段富义
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Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Priority to CN2011200822756U priority Critical patent/CN201972229U/en
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Publication of CN201972229U publication Critical patent/CN201972229U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device which comprises a rainwater collection tank, an abandoned flow filter device and a high level water storage tank, wherein the rainwater collection tank is connected with the abandoned flow filter device through a pipeline, the abandoned flow filter device is connected with the high level water storage tank through a pipeline, the high level water storage tank is arranged at the high level of a residential wall body and is provided with a water pipeline at the bottom, an overflow pipe is further arranged at the upper part of the high level water storage tank and is connected with a ground water storage tank, the ground water storage tank is connected with an underground rainwater filter pond, and the underground rainwater filter pond is connected with a leakage well. Due to the residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device, collected rainwater resource can be comprehensively utilized by the adoption of an unpowered device, and the residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device is very significant for the collection and utilization of the water resource.

Description

Dwelling house rainwater utilization system device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the collecting water re-use technology field, particularly a kind of dwelling house rainwater utilization system device.
Background technology
China is the country that water resource extremely lacks, and water resources ownership per capita has only 2220 m 3, be 1/4 of world's per capita share, classified as one of 13 poor-water states by the United Nations.And water resource has further been aggravated water contradiction in the imbalance that space-time distributes.Because shortage of water resources, groundwater mining causes land subsidence, building damage in various degree, the increase of urban flood defence water logging control difficulty to occur.Application of Urban Rain Water is the important behave that solves city water resource shortage, minimizing city big flood, improves urban ecological environment, realization sustainable utilization of water resource.Many cities in countries such as the U.S., Germany, India have all begun roof, platform rainwater are collected, are used to wash lavatory, lawn greening, construction manmade landscape, artificial landscape etc.The U.S. has set up the rainwater catchment system system in many cities, when the maintenance municipal water facilities, just enables the rainwater catchment system system, can not interrupt to guarantee the civic water.In U.S. suburb and rural area, majority live in only the building, and the convenience of rainwater catchment system is arranged, and collect and utilize rainwater more and more to be subjected to people's attention, in Texas some areas, often collect the daily water consumption that rainwater solves people.Germany family mainly is to collect rainwater by the roof to the utilization of rainwater, and rainwater enters water storage box or reservoir through piping and filter.Use the rainwater in water storage box or the reservoir to need pressure apparatus, water is extracted into washroom or garden.The many families of India directly are incorporated into reservoir in the institute with rainwater from oneself roof, and the rainwater of collecting a common rainy season just can satisfy the annual water requirement of a family substantially.Utilize groove to receive the rainwater that flows down from the roof, enter the reservoir on ground again through conduit.In the place of some spaciousnesses of village, the peasant also uses materials such as cement masonry and builds some simple and easy reservoirs, is mainly used in crop irrigation.
Develop rapidly and quickening of urbanization process along with socioeconomic, rainwater resource utilizes imperative.The rainwater resource utilization will be city development water resource, using water wisely, alleviate the city flood, alleviate the drainage pipe burden, reduce pollution load, improve the effective measures of Urban Water Environment state.Has crucial meaning to improving urban ecological environment, the nervous situation of alleviation water resource and the sustainable development of socio-economy.
In order to alleviate water resources crisis, oneself becomes the important channel that many countries and regions solve the water crisis to develop, utilize rainwater resource.Wherein, roofing is a rainwater collection surface the most frequently used in the residential quarters.Rain water on roof water quality is better, run-off big, be convenient to collection utilization, is the important channel of residential quarters rainwater catchment system.The roof is as collecting the rain face by collection, filtration, water delivery, storage, recharge system, can maximally utilise rainwater resource, this system can be set to the distributed system of single building, also can in building group or sub-district, concentrate setting, rationally utilize rainwater resource, but the conserve water resource alleviates the burden of urban sewerage and drainage facility.Rainwater is reuse after treatment, can play and reduce the tap water water supply volume, reduces the effect of city diversion, water purification expense.Rainwater after purifying can be used for irrigating greenery patches, multiple uses such as flushing lavatory, water sprinkling path and recharge groundwater.China also researches and develops utilization to this technology at present, for example:
University Of Science and Technology Of Shandong is in " a kind of house rain collector " applied for 2010-04-23 day, application number: 201020170979.4, notice of authorization number: CN 201649164U, the rain water on roof of this device is by being installed in rainwater feeder, the roof drain under the eaves and being installed in standpipe on the eaves wall, naturally flow into and be installed in ground raintank, store, take at any time.It has solved cellar, the western arid area of China, and to store rainwater that rainwater exists dirty and take problem such as inconvenience.
Huzhou Huaqiang Hi-tech Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd. is in " a kind of rainwater collecting and treating system " of 2009-05-22 application, application number: 200920120819.6, notice of authorization number: CN201459805 U, this system comprises device for collecting rain water and water storage well, device for collecting rain water and water storage well are communicated with by rain water down pipe, device for collecting rain water comprises roof rain water collecting device and external wall of house facade device for collecting rain water, and the position near ground on the rain water down pipe is provided with the dmp filter processor.
Wujiang Jiangnan Industry ﹠ Trade Co., Ltd. is in " a kind of rainwater utilization device " of 2009-05-22 application, application number: 200910099123.4, notice of authorization number: CN101634159A, this device is by catch basin, filter and pipeline are formed, catch basin is positioned at the top, house, be connected with filter by pipeline, filter is to be installed on indoor spherical shape sandfiltration pot, tank deck is provided with outlet valve, its filtration beds can have only one deck, also can have two-layer or three layers, can decide as required, force (forcing) pump is installed on it, can the interior assorted water use of flushing pipe conduct of inlet chamber through the rainwater of ball filter tank.
The said equipment is collection, some filtration at rainwater at rainwater a bit, some is the design to the storage proposition of rainwater, utilize method single, when amount of precipitation is big, unnecessary storage not rainwater resource can only run off in vain, the dwelling house rainwater is not carried out the development and utilization of integrated system.
The utility model content
Deficiency at existing known technology existence, problem to be solved in the utility model is, a kind of dwelling house rainwater utilization system device is provided, adopts unpowered device that rainwater resource is fully utilized, the collection utilization of rainwater resource is had very important significance collected rainwater.
The utility model is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of dwelling house rainwater utilization system device, comprise rainwater feeder, abandoned stream filter and high-order storage tank, described rainwater feeder is connected with the abandoned stream filter by pipeline, this abandoned stream filter is connected with high-order storage tank by pipeline, described high-order storage tank is arranged on the high position of house wall, and the bottom is provided with the water pipeline.
Further, described rainwater feeder is a U-lag, is connected with the eaves coupling of dwelling house.
Further, described dwelling house both sides eaves are equipped with the rainwater feeder, and the rainwater feeder of these both sides connects the back by collecting tray and is connected with the abandoned stream filter.
Further, described rainwater feeder is the PVC material.
This device also comprises the ground storage tank, and the top of described high-order storage tank also has bleed off pipe, and this high position storage tank is connected with described ground storage tank by this bleed off pipe.
This device also is provided with the subsurface stormwater filtering ponds and is connected with negative well, and the top of described ground storage tank is provided with and overflows water pipe, and the bottom is provided with outlet pipe; Described ground storage tank is connected with described dmp filter pond by overflowing water pipe.
Further, the water pipeline of described high-order storage tank is provided with valve; The outlet pipe of described ground storage tank is provided with valve.
Further, described dmp filter pond upper portion side wall is provided with delivery port, and the bottom is provided with water inlet, and inside is provided with the gravel filtering material, described water inlet with overflow water pipe and be connected, delivery port communicates with negative well.
Further, the perisporium in described dmp filter pond and bottom surface are become by brick.
Further, the pvc pipe material of perforate around the well casing of described negative well adopts.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
The utility model at first rainwater with abandoned stream, after filtering is stored in high-order storage tank, utilizes the potential energy that stores rainwater, between the gravity flow flushing sanitation or pouring garden; Unnecessary rainwater enters the ground storage tank by the overfall that high-order storage tank top is provided with by pipeline, the use of also can flowing automatically of the rainwater in the storage tank of ground; When storage tank storage in ground is full, the overfall that rainwater is provided with by storage tank top, ground, enter the dmp filter pond that is arranged on below ground by pipeline, unnecessary rainwater filters through the dmp filter pond, enter in the negative well of setting, penetrate in the underground by negative well, underground water replenished recharge, solved the deficiency in the existing known technology: as single to collected rainwater utilization method, when amount of precipitation is big, unnecessary storage not rainwater resource problem such as can only run off in vain.
The utility model is feasible technically, economical rationality, and rainwater resource is utilized fully, not only has significant water-saving benefit, also has remarkable social benefit and environmental benefit.The utility model utilizes fully to rainwater resource, has accomplished the multipurpose utilization of rainwater resource.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model dwelling house both sides eaves are equipped with rainwater feeder 1, and this rainwater feeder 1 is the U-lag of PVC material, are connected with the eaves coupling of dwelling house.The rainwater feeder 1 of these both sides connects the back by collecting tray 2 and is connected with abandoned stream filter 3, this abandoned stream filter 3 is connected with high-order storage tank 4 by pipeline 8, described high-order storage tank 4 is arranged on the high position of house wall, and the bottom is provided with water pipeline 10, and this water pipeline 10 is provided with valve 14.
The top of described high-order storage tank 4 also has bleed off pipe 9, and this high position storage tank 4 is connected with described ground storage tank 5 by this bleed off pipe 9.The top of described ground storage tank 5 is provided with and overflows water pipe 19, and the bottom is provided with outlet pipe, and this outlet pipe is provided with valve 15, can be directly with rainwater utilization.
Described ground storage tank 5 is connected with the water inlet 12 in described dmp filter pond 6 by overflowing water pipe 19, this water inlet 12 is arranged on the bottom in dmp filter pond 6, dmp filter pond 6 perisporiums and bottom surface are become by brick, self-filtering material 11, upper portion side wall is provided with delivery port 13, delivery port 13 communicates with negative well 7, rainwater enters filtration from water inlet 12, after arriving delivery port 13, water level flows into negative well 7, shown in the well casing of negative well 7 adopt around the pvc pipe material of perforate, the rainwater of negative well 7 is by the bottom of negative well 7 and penetrate into underground on every side.
In concrete implementation process, at first the various piece with this device installs according to accompanying drawing 1 explanation, and high level cistern can be determined its volume according to water supply volume, degree easy for installation, in like manner, the volume of the storage tank at place, ground can determine as required that the filtering material in the filtration underground pond is a gravel.The pipeline that connects each several part adopts plastic pipe.
During use, the rainwater on the house enters abandoned stream filter 3 through rainwater feeder 1 by collecting tray 2, and the rainwater after abandoned stream filter 3 filters is stored in high-order storage tank 4, utilizes the potential energy that stores rainwater, between the gravity flow flushing sanitation or pouring garden; Unnecessary rainwater enters ground storage tank 5 by the overfall that high-order storage tank 4 tops are provided with by bleed off pipe 9, the use of also can flowing automatically of the rainwater in the ground storage tank 5; When storage tank 5 storages in ground are full, the overfall that rainwater is provided with by ground storage tank 5 tops, enter the dmp filter pond 6 that is arranged on below ground by overflowing water pipe 19, unnecessary rainwater filters through dmp filter pond 6, enter in the negative well 7 of setting, penetrate in the underground by negative well 7, underground water is replenished recharge.
The utility model has been realized the utilization to greatest extent to rainwater resource, and the collection utilization of rainwater resource is had very important significance.
Obviously, the foregoing description of the present utility model only is for the utility model example clearly is described, and is not to be qualification to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here can't give exhaustive to all embodiments.Everyly belong to the row that conspicuous variation that the technical solution of the utility model extends out or change still are in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device, it is characterized in that: comprise rainwater feeder (1), abandoned stream filter (3) and high-order storage tank (4), described rainwater feeder (1) is connected with abandoned stream filter (3) by pipeline, this abandoned stream filter (3) is connected with high-order storage tank (4) by pipeline, described high-order storage tank (4) is arranged on the high position of house wall, and the bottom is provided with water pipeline (10).
2. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described rainwater feeder (1) is a U-lag, is connected with the eaves coupling of dwelling house.
3. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described dwelling house both sides eaves are equipped with rainwater feeder (1), and the rainwater feeder (1) of these both sides connects the back by collecting tray (2) and is connected with abandoned stream filter (3).
4. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described rainwater feeder is the PVC material.
5. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this device also comprises ground storage tank (5), the top of described high-order storage tank (4) also has bleed off pipe (9), and this high position storage tank (4) is connected with described ground storage tank (5) by this bleed off pipe (9).
6. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this device also is provided with subsurface stormwater filtering ponds (6) and is connected with negative well (7), the top of described ground storage tank (5) is provided with and overflows water pipe (19), and the bottom is provided with outlet pipe; Described ground storage tank (5) is connected with described dmp filter pond (6) by overflowing water pipe (19).
7. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the water pipeline (10) of described high-order storage tank (4) is provided with valve (14); The outlet pipe of described ground storage tank (5) is provided with valve (15).
8. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described dmp filter pond (6) upper portion side wall is provided with delivery port (13), the bottom is provided with water inlet (12), inside is provided with gravel as filtering material, described water inlet (12) with overflow water pipe (19) and be connected, delivery port (13) communicates with negative well (7).
9. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the perisporium in described dmp filter pond (6) and bottom surface are become by brick.
10. dwelling house rainwater utilization system device according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the pvc pipe material of perforate around the well casing of described negative well (7) adopts.
CN2011200822756U 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Residential rainwater comprehensive utilization system device Expired - Fee Related CN201972229U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103074917A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-01 河海大学 Rainwater collection and utilization device
CN103147486A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-12 四川大学 Device for improving sewer of high-rise building to fill ground water
CN104895177A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 泉州博超实业有限公司 Gutter inlet garbage filtering and circulating system
CN105040774A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 武汉现代都市农业规划设计院股份有限公司 House rainwater collecting and purifying system and method
CN105804201A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-27 四川牧雨环保科技有限公司 Novel intelligent grid stormwater and flood management system
CN106638786A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-10 新疆大学 Manufacturing technology of underground water exploitation device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103074917A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-01 河海大学 Rainwater collection and utilization device
CN103074917B (en) * 2013-01-31 2015-04-08 河海大学 Rainwater collection and utilization device
CN103147486A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-06-12 四川大学 Device for improving sewer of high-rise building to fill ground water
CN103147486B (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-05-28 四川大学 Device for improving sewer of high-rise building to fill ground water
CN104895177A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-09 泉州博超实业有限公司 Gutter inlet garbage filtering and circulating system
CN104895177B (en) * 2015-06-17 2016-05-11 泉州博超实业有限公司 The inlet for stom water rubbish filtering circulatory system
CN105040774A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 武汉现代都市农业规划设计院股份有限公司 House rainwater collecting and purifying system and method
CN105804201A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-27 四川牧雨环保科技有限公司 Novel intelligent grid stormwater and flood management system
CN106638786A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-10 新疆大学 Manufacturing technology of underground water exploitation device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110914

Termination date: 20120325

C17 Cessation of patent right