CN207150517U - A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207150517U
CN207150517U CN201721260460.3U CN201721260460U CN207150517U CN 207150517 U CN207150517 U CN 207150517U CN 201721260460 U CN201721260460 U CN 201721260460U CN 207150517 U CN207150517 U CN 207150517U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
controller
curtain
parallel
photovoltaic panel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721260460.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐连中
员玉良
师永生
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Discuss Intellectual Property Services Ltd
Qingdao Gold Quexin Energy Technology Co Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Qingdao Discuss Intellectual Property Services Ltd
Qingdao Gold Quexin Energy Technology Co Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
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Application filed by Qingdao Discuss Intellectual Property Services Ltd, Qingdao Gold Quexin Energy Technology Co Ltd, Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical Qingdao Discuss Intellectual Property Services Ltd
Priority to CN201721260460.3U priority Critical patent/CN207150517U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207150517U publication Critical patent/CN207150517U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

The utility model is a kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, including several photovoltaic curtain wall units and energy storage device, the photovoltaic curtain wall unit includes curtain wall support structure, connection support member and photovoltaic panel, and the photovoltaic curtain wall also includes that the control system that angle automatically adjusts can be realized;Several photovoltaic panels are parallel to bus;The energy storage device includes charge controller, super capacitor group, parallel controller, batteries and load, the charge controller, parallel controller and load are sequentially connected in series, super capacitor group in parallel between the charge controller and parallel controller, multiple-connected battery group between the parallel controller and load.Being set on the photovoltaic curtain wall unit of the device can make photovoltaic panel realize the control system that angle automatically adjusts, and to realize that photovoltaic panel can track the angle of the sun, so as to make photovoltaic panel face sunlight, improve sunlight impingement rate, and then improve the efficiency to generate electricity.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically
Technical field
It the utility model is related to photovoltaic apparatus technical field, and in particular to a kind of according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically Photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
Background technology
With society and economic rapid development, the energy needs increasingly to increase, fossil energy increasingly exhausted and to life Pollution caused by state environment, serious threat society and economic sustainable development.Therefore, there is an urgent need to using regenerative resource Substituted.Solar energy worldwide obtains as a kind of inexhaustible green regenerative energy sources Extensive concern.Important way of the solar energy power generating as Solar use, development prospect are boundless, it has also become not Come a kind of global important channel for solving energy crisis.
Photovoltaic curtain wall system is the emphasis and difficult point of BIPV research.The system is a kind of building for strain weather The building enclosure built, while the space mounting solar energy photovoltaic panel provided again using elevation of building, convert solar energy into electricity Can, it is to kill two birds with one stone to alleviate power network pressure.But existing photovoltaic curtain wall component is typically fixed on curtain wall construction, And an only direction, which results within the time, only a period of time sunshine ability in morning or afternoon Be irradiated to the front of solar panel, the irradiation of remaining time sunshine less than, and then cannot also be generated electricity, power generation process Discontinuously, the generated energy of whole TRT can be caused less, normal demand can not be met, if to improve generated energy, generally All be by the way of solar panel is increased, and increase by one piece of solar panel must just reinstall an installation Support so that cost of electricity-generating greatly increases.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, is somebody's turn to do Being set on the photovoltaic curtain wall unit of device can make photovoltaic panel realize the control system that angle automatically adjusts, to realize photovoltaic panel The angle of the sun can be tracked, so as to make photovoltaic panel face sunlight, improves sunlight impingement rate, and then improve the effect to generate electricity Rate.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme that:It is a kind of automatic according to sun light irradiation angle The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of adjustment, including several photovoltaic curtain wall units and energy storage device, the photovoltaic curtain wall unit include curtain Wall supporting construction, connection support member and photovoltaic panel, the one end for connecting support member are fixedly connected with curtain wall support structure, and the other end leads to Cross rotating shaft and the middle part of photovoltaic back is hinged, the photovoltaic curtain wall also includes that the control system that angle automatically adjusts can be realized System, the control system include day to detection means, angular transducer, hydraulic pump, hydraulic stem and controller, one end of hydraulic stem It is connected with the end of photovoltaic back, the other end is connected with hydraulic pump, and day is distinguished to detection means, angular transducer, hydraulic pump It is electrically connected with the controller;The angular transducer includes fixed magnet, moving magnet and Hall element, the moving magnet arranges value photovoltaic The back side of plate, the fixed magnet is oppositely arranged on moving magnet to be connected on support member, the Hall element be fixed on fixed magnet with The centre position of moving magnet;The day is fixed on curtain wall support structure to detection means, the day includes base to detection means With the cone being arranged on base, the cone top is provided with light through hole, and cone bottom is provided with four-quadrant sensing Device, is provided with lens between light through hole and quadrant sensors, on the base along cone circumferencial direction be evenly arranged with to Eight photoelectric tubes, eight photoelectric tubes are symmetrical along the X-axis line and Y-axis line of quadrant sensors respectively, wherein four light Fulgurite is distributed on the X-axis line and Y-axis line of quadrant sensors;
Several photovoltaic panels are parallel to bus;
The energy storage device includes charge controller, super capacitor group, parallel controller, batteries and load, described Charge controller, parallel controller and load are sequentially connected in series, super electricity in parallel between the charge controller and parallel controller Appearance group, multiple-connected battery group between the parallel controller and load, the charge controller connect bus.
Further, the photovoltaic panel ecto-entad includes self-cleaning toughened glass layer, solar panel and tempering successively Glass back plate, the side of safety glass backboard towards the solar panel are additionally provided with metallic reflective layer.
Further, the titanium dioxide that self-cleaning toughened glass layer includes safety glass and is arranged on safety glass is thin Layer.
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present utility model according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, the photovoltaic curtain wall list of the device Being set in member can make photovoltaic panel realize the control system that angle automatically adjusts, to realize that photovoltaic panel can track the angle of the sun Degree, so as to make photovoltaic panel face sunlight, sunlight impingement rate is improved, and then improve the efficiency to generate electricity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photovoltaic curtain wall unit of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the day to detection means;
Fig. 3 is the module connection diagram of control system;
Fig. 4 is the module connection diagram of energy storage device.
Embodiment
In order that the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage are more clearly understood, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and implementation Example, the utility model is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model, it is not used to limit the utility model.
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present utility model according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, including several photovoltaic curtain walls Unit and energy storage device, the photovoltaic curtain wall unit include curtain wall support structure 1, connection support member 2 and photovoltaic panel 3.It is described The ecto-entad of photovoltaic panel 3 includes self-cleaning toughened glass layer 31, solar panel 32 and safety glass backboard 33, the steel successively Change glass back plate 33 and be additionally provided with metallic reflective layer 34 towards the side of solar panel 32.Self-cleaning toughened glass layer 31 includes Safety glass and the titanium dioxide thin layer being arranged on safety glass.
As shown in figure 1, one end of connection support member 2 is fixedly connected with curtain wall support structure 1, the other end passes through rotating shaft and light The middle part at volt plate 3 back side is hinged, and the photovoltaic curtain wall also includes that the control system that angle automatically adjusts can be realized, such as Fig. 3 institutes Show, the control system includes day to detection means 4, angular transducer 5, hydraulic pump 6, hydraulic stem 7 and controller, hydraulic stem 7 One end be connected with the end at the back side of photovoltaic panel 3, the other end is connected with hydraulic pump 6, day to detection means 4, angular transducer 5, Hydraulic pump 6 is electrically connected with the controller respectively;The angular transducer includes fixed magnet 51, moving magnet 52 and Hall element 53, institute The back side of the arranges value photovoltaic panel of moving magnet 52 is stated, the fixed magnet 51 is oppositely arranged on moving magnet 52 to be connected on support member 2, institute State the centre position that Hall element 53 is fixed on fixed magnet and moving magnet.The arranges value photovoltaic panel of moving magnet 52 of angular transducer The back side, the fixed magnet 51 is oppositely arranged on moving magnet 52 to be connected on support member 2, and the Hall element 53 is fixed on fixed magnet With the centre position of moving magnet, Hall element 53 is located in magnetic field caused by fixed magnet 51 and moving magnet 52, when being arranged on photovoltaic When the position of the moving magnet 52 of back changes, fixed magnet 51 also changes with magnetic field caused by moving magnet 52, and then Hall element 53 is influenceed, produces different electric currents, and then determine the position of photovoltaic panel.
As shown in Fig. 2 the day is fixed on curtain wall support structure 1 to detection means 4, include to detection means 4 day Base 41 and the cone 42 being arranged on base, the top of cone 42 are provided with light through hole 43, and cone bottom is set There are quadrant sensors 44, be provided with lens 45 between light through hole 43 and quadrant sensors 44, along shading on the base 41 42 circumferencial directions of cylinder are evenly arranged with to eight photoelectric tubes 46, and eight photoelectric tubes 46 are respectively along the X of quadrant sensors 44 Axis and Y-axis line are symmetrical, wherein four photoelectric tubes 46 are distributed on the X-axis line and Y-axis line of quadrant sensors.The same day to When detection means starts, if sunshine can not be irradiated to four image sensors in cone, the photoelectricity being arranged on outside cone Pipe is irradiated by sunshine, and now, sunshine irradiates from the side of cone, and cone is pointed to it back to the light of solar direction Fulgurite is blocked so that illumination suffered by each photoelectric tube has certain difference, and this species diversity causes each photoelectric tube to export electricity Stream is had differences, and so as to judge the substantially orientation of the sun, control tracking is rotated to solar direction, realized to position of sun Coarse localization, after sun light direction is turned to, the quadrant sensors in cone are irradiated by sunshine, can now be shielded Cover electric signal caused by eight photoelectric tubes, device is accurately positioned the stage into four image sensors, is realized by four image sensors Being accurately positioned and tracking to position of sun.
As shown in figure 4, several photovoltaic panels are parallel to bus;The energy storage device includes charge controller, super electricity Appearance group, parallel controller, batteries and load, the charge controller, parallel controller and load are sequentially connected in series, described to fill Super capacitor group in parallel between electric controller and parallel controller, multiple-connected battery group between the parallel controller and load, The charge controller connects bus.
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present utility model according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, by photovoltaic curtain wall unit Upper setting can make photovoltaic panel realize the control system that angle automatically adjusts, to realize that photovoltaic panel can track the angle of the sun Degree, so as to make photovoltaic panel face sunlight, sunlight impingement rate is improved, and then improve the efficiency to generate electricity.Control system includes day To detection means 4, the tracking to sun angle can be realized, passes information after acquiring the angle of the sun day to detection means 4 Controller is defeated by, controller is gathered the angle of photovoltaic panel 3 by angular transducer 5, passes through the angle and sun angle of photovoltaic panel 3 Hydraulic pump 6 is controlled, and then realizes the regulation to the angle of photovoltaic panel 3, during regulation, constantly passes through angular transducer 5 determine the position of photovoltaic panel 3, and most photovoltaic panel is adjusted to the face sun at last, so as to improve sunlight impingement rate, and then improve and generate electricity Efficiency.
It should be appreciated that for those of ordinary skills, can according to the above description be improved or converted, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of the appended claims for the utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, it is characterised in that including several photovoltaic curtains Wall unit and energy storage device, the photovoltaic curtain wall unit include curtain wall support structure(1), connection support member(2)And photovoltaic panel (3), connect support member(2)One end and curtain wall support structure(1)It is fixedly connected, the other end passes through rotating shaft and photovoltaic panel(3)The back of the body The middle part in face is hinged, and the photovoltaic curtain wall also includes that the control system that angle automatically adjusts, the control system bag can be realized Day is included to detection means(4), angular transducer(5), hydraulic pump(6), hydraulic stem(7)And controller, hydraulic stem(7)One end with Photovoltaic panel(3)The end connection at the back side, the other end and hydraulic pump(6)Connection, day is to detection means(4), angular transducer(5)、 Hydraulic pump(6)It is electrically connected with the controller respectively;The angular transducer includes fixed magnet(51), moving magnet(52)And Hall element (53), the moving magnet(52)The back side of arranges value photovoltaic panel, the fixed magnet(51)With moving magnet(52)The company of being oppositely arranged on Connect support member(2)On, the Hall element(53)It is fixed on the centre position of fixed magnet and moving magnet;The day is to detection means (4)It is fixed on curtain wall support structure(1), the day is to detection means(4)Including base(41)With the shading being arranged on base Cylinder(42), the cone(42)Top is provided with light through hole(43), cone bottom is provided with quadrant sensors(44), light Through hole(43)And quadrant sensors(44)Between be provided with lens(45), the base(41)On along cone(42)Circumference side To being evenly arranged with to eight photoelectric tubes(46), eight photoelectric tubes(46)Respectively along quadrant sensors(44)X-axis line It is symmetrical with Y-axis line, wherein four photoelectric tubes(46)It is distributed on the X-axis line and Y-axis line of quadrant sensors;Several light Volt plate is parallel to bus;The energy storage device include charge controller, super capacitor group, parallel controller, batteries and Load, the charge controller, parallel controller and load are sequentially connected in series, between the charge controller and parallel controller Super capacitor group in parallel, multiple-connected battery group between the parallel controller and load, the charge controller connect bus.
2. the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1 according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, it is characterised in that institute State photovoltaic panel(3)Ecto-entad includes self-cleaning toughened glass layer successively(31), solar panel(32)With safety glass backboard (33), the safety glass backboard(33)Towards solar panel(32)Side be additionally provided with metallic reflective layer(34).
3. the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 2 according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically, it is characterised in that from Clean toughened glass layer(31)Including safety glass and the titanium dioxide thin layer being arranged on safety glass.
CN201721260460.3U 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically Expired - Fee Related CN207150517U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721260460.3U CN207150517U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721260460.3U CN207150517U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN207150517U true CN207150517U (en) 2018-03-27

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CN201721260460.3U Expired - Fee Related CN207150517U (en) 2017-09-28 2017-09-28 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to sun light irradiation angle adjust automatically

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112491345A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-03-12 云南众远电力工程有限公司 A photovoltaic power generation system for wisdom agricultural

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112491345A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-03-12 云南众远电力工程有限公司 A photovoltaic power generation system for wisdom agricultural

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Granted publication date: 20180327

Termination date: 20180928