CN206681026U - Side slope - Google Patents

Side slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206681026U
CN206681026U CN201721119506.XU CN201721119506U CN206681026U CN 206681026 U CN206681026 U CN 206681026U CN 201721119506 U CN201721119506 U CN 201721119506U CN 206681026 U CN206681026 U CN 206681026U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
domatic
pipeline
main
wire netting
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721119506.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨振枢
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China Environmental Protection Industry Co Ltd
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China Environmental Protection Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721119506.XU priority Critical patent/CN206681026U/en
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Abstract

A kind of side slope, including side slope main body (1), it is vertical be opened in side slope main body (1) it is domatic on multiple anchor holes (11), be laid on side slope main body (1) it is domatic on wire netting (4), it is connected and is arranged in anchor hole (11) with wire netting (4) for wire netting (4) is fixed on into the domatic anchor pole (2) of side slope main body (1), pour in anchor hole (11) with the concrete element (6) of fixing anchor bar (2), be laid on side slope main body (1) it is domatic on soil moved in improve the original layer (5) and be laid on the plantation layer (3) of soil moved in improve the original layer (5) above.Slope Design of the present utility model is ingenious, practical.

Description

Side slope
Technical field
Highway technology field is the utility model is related to, in particular to a kind of side slope.
Background technology
Side slope refers to that, to ensure subgrade stability, that is made in roadbed both sides has the domatic of certain slope.Side slope is usual Slope vegetation biological protection can be used, so that side slope all has for resisting the destruction of natural cause and improving highway environment Obvious superiority.But existing side slope is unfavorable for the growth of vegetation, vegetation is low to its domatic producing level.For example, existing Have in technology, the domatic of side slope would generally pour a layer concrete layer, then, soil moved in improve the original layer be laid on concrete layer, then plant Plant is planted, such as Chinese patent CN205530295U;But in this technique, as a result of substantial amounts of concrete so that cost It is higher, also it is unfavorable for the growth of plant;In the prior art, also using the domatic carry out protecting and greening of ecology bag side slope, such as CN102425177B, but anchor pole is leaned in fixation of the ecology bag in side slope, is easily destroyed by anchor pole, meanwhile, ecology bag is fixed It is less reliable, the stability of side slope can be caused to be affected.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to be directed to above-mentioned technical problem, and proposes a kind of side slope.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is:
The utility model proposes a kind of side slope, including side slope main body, be vertically opened in side slope main body it is domatic on it is multiple Anchor hole, be laid on side slope main body it is domatic on wire netting, be connected and be arranged in anchor hole for wire netting is consolidated with wire netting Be scheduled on the domatic anchor pole of side slope main body, pour in anchor hole with the concrete element of fixing anchor bar, be laid on side slope main body it is domatic on Soil moved in improve the original layer and the plantation layer that is laid on above soil moved in improve the original layer.
In the above-mentioned side slope of the utility model, in addition to top offers the pipeline of multiple leaking holes;The pipe level is set Put, it is domatic upper and covered by soil moved in improve the original layer to be embedded in side slope main body;The pipeline is also by being located on one or more concrete elements;Side slope Also include being opened in side slope main body it is domatic upper and with the rhone of pipeline communication.
In the above-mentioned side slope of the utility model, in addition to it is arranged on one end connected with rhone of pipeline and semiclosed The barriers of the opening of pipeline, the one end open of the remote rhone of the pipeline are completely enclosed or semiclosed.
In the above-mentioned side slope of the utility model, the ratio of slope of side slope main body is 1:0.75~1:Between 1.25;The thickness of soil moved in improve the original layer Spend for more than 8cm.
In the above-mentioned side slope of the utility model, wire netting uses zinc-plated low-carbon wire netting or alloy network.
In the above-mentioned side slope of the utility model, anchor pole uses diameter 18mm spiral, and with asphalt caulk anti-corrosion.
Side slope of the present utility model, it can be ensured that the stability of vegetation in side slope matrix, effectively avoid the hair of landslide phenomenon It is raw, prevent erosion, reduce side slope curing cycle and frequency, reduce maintenance cost, establish " respect for nature, recovering nature " Theory, formed one can self-renewing, circulation and progressive succession stability and high efficiency biocoene.Side slope of the present utility model is set Count it is ingenious, it is practical.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the side slope of the utility model first embodiment;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the side slope of the utility model second embodiment;
Fig. 3 shows the pipeline of the side slope shown in Fig. 2 and the structural representation of rhone.
Embodiment
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:Existing side slope is unfavorable for the growth of vegetation, and vegetation is to its slope The producing level in face is low.Some technologies employ substantial amounts of concrete so that cost is higher, is also unfavorable for the growth of plant;Have Technology employ ecology bag, but ecology bag is fixed less reliable, and the stability of side slope can be caused to be affected.The utility model The technical thought proposed with regard to the technical problem is:Protected using wire netting side slope, while use anchor pole by wire netting It is anchored in side slope main body, and uses concreting with fixing anchor bar.
In order that technical purpose of the present utility model, technical scheme and technique effect are apparent, in order to this area Technical staff understands and implemented the utility model, the utility model is done below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments further in detail Thin explanation.
First embodiment
As shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of the side slope of the utility model first embodiment.The side slope includes Side slope main body 1, be vertically opened in side slope main body 1 it is domatic on multiple anchor holes 11, be laid on side slope main body 1 it is domatic on wire netting 4, it is connected and is arranged in anchor hole 11 for wire netting 4 is fixed on into the domatic anchor pole 2 of side slope main body 1 with wire netting 4, is poured With the concrete element 6 of fixing anchor bar 2 in anchor hole 11, be laid on side slope main body 1 it is domatic on soil moved in improve the original layer 5 and be laid on soil moved in improve the original Plantation layer 3 above layer 5.In the technical program, the protection on the landslide of side slope main body 1 is prevented by using wire netting 4, together When, using the scheme of concreting fixing anchor bar, wire netting and side slope main body are formed into complex, to ensure the steady of side slope It is fixed.
Soil is the basis of plant growth.Requirement of the different plants to growing base thickness is different.For general soil For, the requirement of soil layer minimum thickness is as shown in following table one needed for plant.
Table one, the thickness requirement on plant growth basis
Because organic matter fertility basis has the water conservation and nutrient preserving capability more excellent than general soil, plant grows institute wherein Need thickness ratio upper table small.Through testing surface, the ratio of slope of side slope main body 1 is 1:0.75~1:1.25, the thickness of soil moved in improve the original layer 5 reaches 8 more than ㎝.In addition, plant also has corresponding requirement to the chemical property and physical arrangement of soil.In general, it is native Earth peracid or alkali excessively are all unfavorable for plant growth;Soil is excessively thin, overstocked, or crumb structure is poor, can all influence plant growth.This Outside, side slope position by the sea when, the salinization of soil, but side slope soil water content maximum statistical number be 21%, minimum 1%, put down Average is 8.5%, and therefore, the thickness of soil moved in improve the original layer 5 will also reach more than 8cm.Comprehensive massif state, annual precipitation, the gradient, soil Acid-base value pH value and the thickness relationship of soil moved in improve the original layer 5 analysis.
Further, in the present embodiment, to ensure stable safety and reliable soil conservation performance, it is especially considering that and is located in sea Side, and/or the situation of tropical storm weather, wire netting 4 use zinc-plated low-carbon wire netting, and its string diameter selects 2.1mm, Gridding length For 5cm.Again because using 10m per the discrepancy in elevation of one-level side slope main body, maximum slope ratio uses 1:0.75, domatic a length of 15m, so golden Belong to specification of the net 4 from a length of 15m.Further, zinc-plated low-carbon wire netting uses high-quality mild steel, and through drawing, galvanizing adds The features such as work is completed, and has plating thickness, and resistance to corrosion is strong, and coating is firm.It is appreciated that wire netting 4 can also use alloy Net.
Further, anchor pole 2 must be selected according to physical geography condition overview, in coastal area, soil property part soil Sha Xing, the temperature difference are big, high humidity, heavy rain area, and tropical cyclone, cyclone are more, easily anchor pole 2 are caused to corrode, therefore to anchor The stability requirement of bar 2 is high.Thus, in the present embodiment, anchor pole 2 uses the ㎜ of diameter 18 spiral, and is prevented with asphalt caulk It is rotten.
Further, soil moved in improve the original layer 5 and plantation layer 3 are formed by the base material mixture laying with vegetation seed.In this reality Apply in example, base material mixture is made up of greening backing, planting soil, fine line and vegetation seed.Greening backing is by organic matter (long-acting battalion Support soil), fertilizer, water-loss reducer, stabilizer, perlite, high-quality peat soil, disinfectant etc. mix according to a certain percentage.It is organic Matter can improve the structure of the base material mixture of injection, in favor of the permanent nutrient needed for the growth of plant, can also store a part Moisture needed for plant growth.Fertilizer is mainly used to supply the available nutrient (including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc.) and length needed for plant growth Imitate nutrient.Water-loss reducer has the large quantity of moisture stored and alleviated needed for release plant growth.The effect of stabilizer is to make to be ejected into slope The base material mixture in face has certain intensity and corrosion resistance.A large amount of fine pores, favourable soil moved in improve the original knot be present in perlite intragranular Fostering the spirit of nobility in structure is stored up with moisture.High-quality peat is both the source of organic matter and nutrient, plays water retention again, its absorbability Very it is 200 times of own wt by force.Make base material in neutral acidity on the weak side using acidity regulator.Specifically, base material mixture can Greening material A, long-acting nutritious matrix are employed, it has a variety of decomposed organic matters (such as kind mushroom cottonseed fertilizer, trees bits, high-quality mud Charcoal soil etc.), biological filter mud, perlite.There is growth hormone etc. again containing organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer and microorganism fertilizer, containing simultaneously to drive The agricultural chemicals oil cake fertilizer of worm desinsection, plant nutrient is complete, and organic and inorganic fertilizer coordinates release long-acting persistently.In long-acting nutritious soil, support N, P, K content is divided to be more than 4%;The content of organic matter is more than 60%, main function:Improve soil, retain water and nutrients, promote plant life It is long, it is provided for a long term nutrient.
Further, base material mixture can also employ health fiber (i.e. wood fibre):Can strengthen compound intensity and Stability.Base material mixture can also use special greening agent, and it is mainly by water-loss reducer (more than 400 times of water suction), high molecular bonding Agent, silicate (cement) coagulator etc. form.Base material mixture can also use long-acting compound organic fertilizer, and it uses what is locally produced Fertilizer rich in N, P, K and trace element, oneself is deployed into N:P:K=6:36:6 is ensure the growth of wood land, and P content will Height, should not be too high containing N.Further, planting soil is typically chosen the original earth surface planting soil crushing of engineering and air-dried 8 ㎜ sieves i.e. Can.Vegetation seed including 4~6 kinds of vegetable seeds such as grass family and seeds of leguminous plant by mixing.For the ease of this implementation The actual use of example, names the example of a base material mixture, and its composition is:Peat soil, wooden chaff, composite fertilizer, binding agent, have Machine matter soil (local earth material sieving), water-loss reducer, calcium superphosphate, pH.Specific composition proportion:Rock greening material accounts for 20%th, binding agent cubsoil account for 15%, organic soil (local earth material) account for 50%, water-loss reducer account for 0.1%, calcium superphosphate account for 5%, (chicken manure accounts for 5%).
The side slope of the present embodiment realizes that it has requires in detail below using spray sowing technology:
1) spray sowing technology first has to focus on water and soil conservation problem.Because soil and moisture are slope ecological recoveries Two big restriction factors, it is therefore necessary in strict accordance with requirement of the technical specification to soil quality, soil volume and irrigation system, Ensuring the growth of vegetation has a good basis, and produces good ecological benefits.Meanwhile to carry out the clear danger work of side slope Make, should not be accumulated in side slope skating area excess, in order to avoid jeopardize stability of slope and safety.Domatic camber average out to before construction+ 10cm, maximum are no more than+30cm and are advisable.
2) technical measures management, strict implement sequence of construction secondly be need to strengthen:Preparation of construction → site operation region arrangement → set up protective fence → crag cleaning → linked network → and set up scaffold → anchor pole → injection matrix → injection Seed Layer → dismounting Scaffold and protective fence → lid non-woven fabrics → shrub plantation → domatic maintenance, and sequentially supervise.
3) preparation of construction:According to the actual conditions at scene, the material purchases plan of marching into the arena, labour's plan of marching into the arena, machine are performed The plan of marching into the arena of tool equipment.
4) live reasonable arrangement site operation region is combined to arrange.
5) protective fence is set up:Guard rail is set at packway edge, using steel pipe plus dense mesh safety vertical net structure, often 3m sets a vertical rod, is highly 150cm, above divides into cross bar, dense mesh safety vertical net is pulled between bar.
6) crag is cleared up:Crag and lofty rock, debris are cleared up, side slope arranges shaping, keeps domatic fluctuating to be no more than ± 10cm, maximum are no more than+30cm.
7) in linked network engineering, construction method should be unreeled from top to bottom, and the adjacent zinc-plated low-carbon wire netting overlap joint of volume two is overlapping 5-10 ㎝ are simultaneously connected with the iron wires of ¢ 2.4 respectively, must use anchor pole or holdfast and domatic fixation every 2m spacing, net will be kept away from domatic The distance of 2/3 jet thickness, is otherwise padded up with cushion block;Stock requires zinc-plated low-carbon wire netting, diamond structure, string diameter chi Very little 2.1mm.
8) it is domatic to set up scaffold:Using double-row steel pipe scaffold, control load is no more than 3KN/M2 when in use, sets up Directors at different levels carry out technology to erection and user of service step by step by scaffold building requirement in Design of Construction Organization before scaffold Tell somebody what one's real intentions are;According to national sector standard (fastener type steel pipe scaffold technical regulation) and (steel tube scaffold clasp) to steel pipe, fastener, Scaffold board is checked that underproof component and fitting is forbidden to use.
9) anchoring engineering design specification is anchor pole spacing 2.0m, and border is less than setting up anchor pole one, the domatic anchor of soil property at 2m It is 50 ㎝ to enter depth, and it is 70 ㎝ that stone slope, which anchors into depth,;WithSpiral;Soil property domatic rock-bolt length 60 ㎝, Shi Zhi Domatic 80 ㎝.Using asphalt caulk anti-corrosion.Bore operation presses design arrangement anchor pole hole position, is punchinged with air drill;Drill eyelet direction with Domatic vertical, from top to bottom, safety belt must be buckled on scaffold order by operating personnel, can start to drill after standing firm, What a anchor hole is often bored, is immediately inserted into an anchor pole, and carry out self-inspection record.Anchor hole grouting M10 cement mortar cast anchor hole, It is ensured that mortar fills anchor hole and consolidated.Anchor pole specification selects bolt diameter 18mm, and anchor pole spacing transverse and longitudinal arrangement spacing is all 2.0m, it is 0.5m to anchor into depth in soil-slope, and it is 0.7m that rock side slope, which anchors into depth,.
This structure is targetedly improved with construction technology, it can be ensured that the stability of vegetation in side slope matrix, is effectively kept away Exempt from the generation of landslide phenomenon, prevent erosion, reduce side slope curing cycle and frequency, reduce maintenance cost, establish and " respect certainly So, recover nature " theory, formed one can self-renewing, circulation and progressive succession stability and high efficiency biocoene.
Second embodiment
Compared with first embodiment, the distinctive points of second embodiment are:Pumping equipment is provided with side slope.
Specifically, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the side slope of the utility model second embodiment Figure;Fig. 3 shows the pipeline of the side slope shown in Fig. 2 and the structural representation of rhone.The side slope includes side slope main body 1, vertically Be opened in side slope main body 1 it is domatic on multiple anchor holes 11, be laid on side slope main body 1 it is domatic on wire netting 4, connect with wire netting 4 Connect and be arranged in anchor hole 11 for wire netting 4 is fixed on into the domatic anchor pole 2 of side slope main body 1, pour in anchor hole 11 with The concrete element 6 of fixing anchor bar 2, be laid on side slope main body 1 it is domatic on soil moved in improve the original layer 5 and the kind that is laid on above soil moved in improve the original layer 5 Plant layer 3;Side slope also includes the pipeline 7 that top offers multiple leaking holes 71;The pipeline 7 is horizontally disposed, is embedded in side slope main body 1 Covered on domatic and by soil moved in improve the original layer 5;The pipeline 7 is also by being located on one or more concrete elements 6.Side slope also includes being opened in side The rhone 8 connected on slope main body 1 is domatic and with pipeline 7.In the technical program, pipeline 7 is kept away by being located on concrete element Exempt to be moved by rain drop erosion.When playing torrential rain instantly, rainwater can permeate plantation layer and soil moved in improve the original layer, and be entered by leaking hole Enter into pipeline, then flowed to by rhone 8 in municipal sewage system, soil erosion occurs because of heavy rain so as to avoid side slope Problem.Herein, pipeline 7 can have more, and the more pipelines 7 can be separately positioned on different height.
Further, side slope also includes being arranged on one end connected with rhone 8 of pipeline 7 and opening for semiclosed pipeline 7 The barriers 9 of mouth, the one end open of the remote rhone 8 of the pipeline 7 are completely enclosed or semiclosed.Herein, due to there is barrier The setting of part 9, when the rainwater depth in pipeline 7 is less than the height of barriers 9, rainwater can be stored in pipeline 7, can be used for The moisturizing of soil moved in improve the original layer 5 and plantation layer 3 in side slope.And when the rainwater depth in pipeline 7 reaches the height of barriers 9, rainwater Barriers can be crossed and be flowed into rhone, so as to flow in municipal sewage system, realize the drainage procedure of side slope.
It should be appreciated that for those of ordinary skills, can according to the above description be improved or converted, And all these modifications and variations should all belong to the protection domain of the appended claims for the utility model.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. side slope, it is characterised in that including side slope main body (1), be vertically opened in side slope main body (1) it is domatic on multiple anchors Hole (11), be laid on side slope main body (1) it is domatic on wire netting (4), be connected and be arranged in anchor hole (11) with wire netting (4) with For wire netting (4) to be fixed on into the domatic anchor pole (2) of side slope main body (1), pour in anchor hole (11) with fixing anchor bar (2) Concrete element (6), be laid on side slope main body (1) it is domatic on soil moved in improve the original layer (5) and be laid on the plantation layer of soil moved in improve the original layer (5) above (3)。
  2. 2. side slope according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pipeline of multiple leaking holes (71) is also offered including top (7);The pipeline (7) is horizontally disposed, and it is domatic above and by soil moved in improve the original layer (5) covering to be embedded in side slope main body (1);The pipeline (7) also leans on It is located on one or more concrete elements (6);It is domatic upper and connected with pipeline (7) that side slope also includes being opened in side slope main body (1) Rhone (8).
  3. 3. side slope according to claim 2, it is characterised in that also include being arranged on connecting with rhone (8) for pipeline (7) One end and the opening of semiclosed pipeline (7) barriers (9), the one end open of the remote rhone (8) of the pipeline (7) is complete It is totally-enclosed or semiclosed.
  4. 4. according to the side slope described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterised in that the ratio of slope of side slope main body (1) is 1:0.75 ~1:Between 1.25;The thickness of soil moved in improve the original layer (5) is 8 more than ㎝.
  5. 5. according to the side slope described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterised in that wire netting (4) uses zinc-plated low-carbon iron wire Net or alloy network.
  6. 6. according to the side slope described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterised in that anchor pole (2) uses the ㎜ of diameter 18 screw thread Reinforcing bar, and with asphalt caulk anti-corrosion.
CN201721119506.XU 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 Side slope Expired - Fee Related CN206681026U (en)

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CN201721119506.XU CN206681026U (en) 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 Side slope

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721119506.XU CN206681026U (en) 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 Side slope

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109763495A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-05-17 深圳市升源园林生态有限公司 A kind of side slope protection bracing means and its construction technology
CN110761302A (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-02-07 烟台坭客环境科技有限公司 Nutrient medium for rock slope greening and construction process thereof
CN111213553A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-06-02 中煤地华盛水文地质勘察有限公司 Extrusion type spray seeding process for organic soil aggregate

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110761302A (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-02-07 烟台坭客环境科技有限公司 Nutrient medium for rock slope greening and construction process thereof
CN109763495A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-05-17 深圳市升源园林生态有限公司 A kind of side slope protection bracing means and its construction technology
CN111213553A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-06-02 中煤地华盛水文地质勘察有限公司 Extrusion type spray seeding process for organic soil aggregate

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