CN206658706U - A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls - Google Patents

A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206658706U
CN206658706U CN201720035795.9U CN201720035795U CN206658706U CN 206658706 U CN206658706 U CN 206658706U CN 201720035795 U CN201720035795 U CN 201720035795U CN 206658706 U CN206658706 U CN 206658706U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
pipe
pipeline
switch board
automatic irrigation
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720035795.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李彦瑾
李仁明
柏宗宪
毛正林
陈天培
Original Assignee
西南石油大学
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 西南石油大学 filed Critical 西南石油大学
Priority to CN201720035795.9U priority Critical patent/CN206658706U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206658706U publication Critical patent/CN206658706U/en

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    • Y02A40/232
    • Y02A40/237

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls, including pressure regulator, flood irrigation shower head pipe, water tank, water pump, filter, fertilizer pond, pipeline, cabinet door, solar panel, PLC, radiator, relay controller and battery between switch board, control panel, rain sensor, alarm lamp, pressure gauge, manually-operated gate, magnetic valve, soil humidity sensor, rotation spray head tube, Rocker arm spray head pipe, drip irrigation emitter pipe, pipe.The utility model automatic irrigation device is provided with multiple sensors, can accurately detect the condition of irrigation really, reach Precision Irrigation;Each descaling line pressure of automatic irrigation device can automatically control, and be effectively guaranteed normal irrigation;Automatic irrigation device is provided with fertilizer pond, crops can be applied fertilizer while irrigating, not only simple efficient, and can be precisely controlled, cost-effective;Automatic irrigation device has water-pressure regulating device, it is ensured that effective to irrigate.

Description

A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls

Technical field

A kind of irrigation rig is the utility model is related to, specially a kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls, belongs to agriculture Industry applied technical field.

Background technology

With increasingly sharpening for the contradiction of supply and demand for the water resource, each state is all evolving Water-saving Agriculture, and developed country is except general Outside using advanced water-saving irrigation techniques such as sprinkling irrigation, slight irrigations, also application is advanced implements precision irrigation from change control technology, with Crop is actual, and to need water be foundation, using information technology as means, improves and irrigates precision, improves the utilization rate of water.Automatic irrigation fills Irrigation management level can be improved by putting, and change the randomness of manual operation, while intelligent control irrigation can reduce irrigation recruitment, Management cost is reduced, significantly improves benefit.

Automatic irrigation device on the market is not due to control unit control is smart at present, and it is not in place irrigation occur, Can not effectively it economize on water, maintenance headlight problem;Due to automatic irrigation device sensor type and quantity set it is fewer The reason for, it rains are easily caused, are also being irrigated, or need not only to make also without the problems such as watering is irrigated when water Into the waste of water resource, and influence plant growth;No electricity when due to connecing relatively difficult electricity or power failure out of doors, Device can not normally work, and influence the growth of crop;Although automatic irrigation device irrigation is fairly simple, applied when irrigating Fertilizer is cumbersome, it is not easy to operates, it is impossible to improve human efficiency;The end of automatic irrigation device is not provided with corresponding hydraulic pressure and adjusted Regulating device, irrigation is caused to reach preferable demand.Therefore, propose regarding to the issue above a kind of based on the automatic of PLC controls Irrigation rig.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is that to solve the above problems and provides a kind of automatic irrigation based on PLC controls Device.

The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose, a kind of automatic irrigation dress based on PLC controls Put, including water tank and the switch board for being arranged on the water tank side, the side of the switch board set cabinet door, and the one of cabinet door Side sets control panel;The opposite side of the switch board sets radiator;The switch board top sets gradually alarm lamp, the sun Can cell panel and rain sensor;The inside of the switch board sets gradually PLC, relay controller and battery;Institute The bottom for stating water tank is equipped with pipeline, and one end of pipeline sets water pump;The side of the water pump is equipped with pipeline, and is set on pipeline Filter and fertilizer pond;The bottom of the filter is equipped with pipeline, and one end of pipeline sets gradually rotation spray head tube, rocking arm spray Pressure regulator and flood irrigation shower head pipe between head tube, drip irrigation emitter pipe, pipe.

Preferably, linked together by the way of ring flange connection between the pipeline and water pump, and adopted between pipeline Connected with joint.

Preferably, several laterals are connected with the pipeline, and each lateral is provided with pressure gauge, manually Valve, magnetic valve and soil humidity sensor.

Preferably, the volume of water tank is small described in the volumetric ratio in the fertilizer pond.

Preferably, using electric connection between the magnetic valve, soil humidity sensor, water pump and switch board.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model automatic irrigation device is provided with multiple sensors, can be accurate Really the condition of irrigation is detected, so as to reach the requirement of Precision Irrigation, is not only saved, but also it is very efficient;Automatic irrigation device It is simple in construction using PLC and Control, it is easy to operate efficient;Automatic irrigation device is provided with fertilizer pond, can be in irrigation Crops are applied fertilizer simultaneously, it is not only simple efficient, and can be precisely controlled, it is cost-effective;Automatic irrigation device has water Press adjusting apparatus, it is ensured that effective to irrigate;Automatic irrigation device is provided with a variety of irrigation conduits, and multiple kinds of crops can be entered The different types of irrigation of row, so as to reach water saving, efficient purpose;Filter is set in the pipeline of automatic irrigation device, can be with Water is filtered, reduces the damage of device.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram;

Fig. 2 is the utility model switch board internal structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the utility model rotary nozzle pipe mounting structure schematic diagram.

In figure:1st, switch board, 2, control panel, 3, rain sensor, 4, alarm lamp, 5, pressure gauge, 6, manually-operated gate, 7, Magnetic valve, 8, soil humidity sensor, 9, rotation spray head tube, 10, Rocker arm spray head pipe, 11, drip irrigation emitter pipe, pressure between 12, pipe Adjuster, 13, flood irrigation shower head pipe, 14, water tank, 15, water pump, 16, filter, 17, fertilizer pond, 18, pipeline, 19, cabinet door, 20, Solar panel, 21, PLC, 22, radiator, 23, relay controller, 24, battery.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out Clearly and completely describing, it is clear that described embodiment is only the utility model part of the embodiment, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment obtained, belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Refer to shown in Fig. 1-3, a kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls, including water tank 14 and be arranged on institute The switch board 1 of the side of water tank 14 is stated, the side of the switch board 1 sets cabinet door 19, and the side of cabinet door 19 sets control panel 2;The opposite side of the switch board 1 sets radiator 22;The top of switch board 1 sets gradually alarm lamp 4, solar cell Plate 20 and rain sensor 3;The inside of the switch board 1 sets gradually PLC 21, relay controller 23 and battery 24;The bottom of the water tank 14 is equipped with pipeline 18, and one end of pipeline 18 sets water pump 15;The side of the water pump 15 is equipped with pipe Road 18, and filter 16 and fertilizer pond 17 are set on pipeline 18;The bottom of the filter 16 is equipped with pipeline 18, and pipeline 18 One end sets gradually pressure regulator 12 and flood irrigation shower nozzle between rotation spray head tube 9, Rocker arm spray head pipe 10, drip irrigation emitter pipe 11, pipe Pipe 13.Pressure regulator 12 and flood irrigation shower head pipe 13 between the rotation spray head tube 9, Rocker arm spray head pipe 10, drip irrigation emitter pipe 11, pipe On be equipped with pressure gauge 5, manually-operated gate 6, magnetic valve 7 and soil humidity sensor 8.

As a kind of technical optimization scheme of the present utility model, connected between the pipeline 18 and water pump 15 using ring flange Mode link together, and between pipeline 18 using joint connect, it is easy for removal and installation.

As a kind of technical optimization scheme of the present utility model, water tank described in the volumetric ratio in the fertilizer pond 17 wants small 14 Volume is small, can be the current supply that fertilizer pond 17 provides abundance.

As a kind of technical optimization scheme of the present utility model, the magnetic valve 7, soil humidity sensor 8, water pump 15 Using electric connection between switch board 1 so that data transfer effect is good.

The utility model when in use, should reasonably be installed, so according to the actual conditions at scene to device first Check that whether the connection between each several part is intact, and finally the topped up with water in water tank 14, prepares fertilizer in fertilizer pond 17, connects afterwards Power source starting apparatus, when the soil humidity sensor 8 for being embedded in underground detects the soil growth of unsuitable crop, PLC 21 will send instruction control electromagnetic controller 23, and now water will be from water tank 14 through being flowed into piping 18 In filter 16, by the filtering of filter 16, clean water manually valve 6 and magnetic valve 7 enter rotation spray head tube 9, In Rocker arm spray head pipe 10, drip irrigation emitter pipe 11 and flood irrigation shower head pipe 13, irrigated by respective shower nozzle, now pressure gauge 5 The hydraulic pressure of each pipeline is detected, then PLC 21 is moved magnetic valve 7, protected according to hydraulic pressure control electromagnetic controller 23 Card hydraulic pressure is normal, and pressure regulator 12 can be adjusted according to different pipelines to pressure between pipe, so as to reach normal work Make, when needing fertilising, water pump 15 will work, the rich water intake line in fertilizer pond 17 and the cooperation pair of normal irrigation water Crop is irrigated, and when the rain sensor 3 on switch board 1 detects rainwater, can be closed irrigation rig, be reached the mesh of water saving , the solar panel 20 on switch board 1 can charge to battery 24, and battery 24 can promptly make under special circumstances With, for example have a power failure, the situation of power-off, in device normal work, radiator 22 is worked, and switch board 1 is cooled.

It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and And in the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the present utility model, it can realize that this practicality is new in other specific forms Type.Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and is nonrestrictive, this practicality is new The scope of type limits by appended claims rather than described above, it is intended that the equivalency fallen in claim is contained All changes in justice and scope are included in the utility model.Any reference in claim should not be considered as limitation Involved claim.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls, including water tank (14) and it is arranged on the water tank (14) side Switch board (1), it is characterised in that:The side of the switch board (1) sets cabinet door (19), and the side of cabinet door (19) sets control Panel (2);The opposite side of the switch board (1) sets radiator (22);Switch board (1) top sets gradually alarm lamp (4), solar panel (20) and rain sensor (3);The inside of the switch board (1) set gradually PLC (21), Relay controller (23) and battery (24);The bottom of the water tank (14) is equipped with pipeline (18), and one end of pipeline (18) is set Put water pump (15);The side of the water pump (15) is equipped with pipeline (18), and filter (16) and fertilizer pond are set on pipeline (18) (17);The bottom of the filter (16) is equipped with pipeline (18), and one end of pipeline (18) set gradually rotation spray head tube (9), Pressure regulator (12) and flood irrigation shower head pipe (13) between Rocker arm spray head pipe (10), drip irrigation emitter pipe (11), pipe;The rotary nozzle It is all provided between pipe (9), Rocker arm spray head pipe (10), drip irrigation emitter pipe (11), pipe on pressure regulator (12) and flood irrigation shower head pipe (13) There are pressure gauge (5), manually-operated gate (6), magnetic valve (7), soil humidity sensor (8).
A kind of 2. automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pipeline (18) linked together by the way of ring flange connection between water pump (15), and connected between pipeline (18) using joint.
A kind of 3. automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer pond (17) volume of water tank (14) is small described in volumetric ratio.
A kind of 4. automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The magnetic valve (7), using electric connection between soil humidity sensor (8), water pump (15) and switch board (1).
CN201720035795.9U 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls CN206658706U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720035795.9U CN206658706U (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720035795.9U CN206658706U (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206658706U true CN206658706U (en) 2017-11-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720035795.9U CN206658706U (en) 2017-01-12 2017-01-12 A kind of automatic irrigation device based on PLC controls

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206658706U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107912279A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-17 河南金土商贸有限公司 A kind of water conservancy irrigation device of quick release installation on farmland
CN108260499A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-07-10 成都鼎信致远科技有限公司 A kind of irrigation system
CN108419648A (en) * 2018-03-24 2018-08-21 佛山市聚成知识产权服务有限公司 One kind being based on internet agricultural vegetables flusher
CN108812212A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 安徽省华之慧生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation is mechanical
CN110100558A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-08-09 董心雨 A kind of intelligence irrigation and water conservancy irrigation rig

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108260499A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-07-10 成都鼎信致远科技有限公司 A kind of irrigation system
CN107912279A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-04-17 河南金土商贸有限公司 A kind of water conservancy irrigation device of quick release installation on farmland
CN108419648A (en) * 2018-03-24 2018-08-21 佛山市聚成知识产权服务有限公司 One kind being based on internet agricultural vegetables flusher
CN108812212A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-16 安徽省华之慧生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural irrigation is mechanical
CN110100558A (en) * 2019-06-06 2019-08-09 董心雨 A kind of intelligence irrigation and water conservancy irrigation rig

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171124

Termination date: 20190112

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee