CN206594319U - Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32 - Google Patents

Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206594319U
CN206594319U CN201720318588.4U CN201720318588U CN206594319U CN 206594319 U CN206594319 U CN 206594319U CN 201720318588 U CN201720318588 U CN 201720318588U CN 206594319 U CN206594319 U CN 206594319U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stm32
weather station
meteorological
processors
sensor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720318588.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶小岭
程恩路
杨星
熊雄
郝曼
胡全辉
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Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
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Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to automatic weather station field, the specially Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32, including host computer, mobile phone and weather station data acquisition unit;STM32 processors, and the meteorological sensor and GPS module being connected respectively with STM32 processors by communication interface are provided with data acquisition unit;Meteorological sensor is used to gather meteorological element information, and meteorological element includes temperature, humidity, rainfall, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and intensity of illumination and PM2.5;STM32 processors receive the information of meteorological sensor and the collection of GPS moulds respectively;Host computer, mobile phone are connected to STM32 processors, and receive the gathered data information sent of STM32 processors.The characteristics of sensing the miniaturization and cheap of component with meteorological element, can realize automatic weather station being incorporated into intelligent terminal(Mobile phone), carrying in wearable device and communal facility.

Description

Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32
Technical field
The utility model belongs to automatic weather station field, is specially the Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32.
Background technology
Automatic weather station is that one kind can carry out surface weather observation, storage automatically and send observation data, and can be according to need Data conversion will be observed into meteorologic telegraph and the surface weather observation equipment for being compiled into meteorological statistical tables and reports.Surface weather observation is comprehensive The important component of meteorological observation is closed, is one of main task that China's weather stations at different levels are undertaken, automatic weather station Then the important means of ground observation, it in weather warning, prevent and reduce natural disasters in play irreplaceable effect.China's meteorology calamity Evil loss is in the trend risen year by year, in the urgent need to strengthening early warning and alert capacity building, wherein, set based on automatic weather station Apply, be the important sources of weather information, irreplaceable effect is played in meteorological data collection, the field such as prevent and reduce natural disasters.With The rise of every profession and trade, automatic weather station application is also more and more extensive, including:It is meteorological, prevent and reduce natural disasters, traffic, the hydrology, agricultural, The industries such as forest fire, electric power, ocean and field.
By the cheap of electronic device and products thereof, miniaturization and it is portable be a kind of development trend, for and we The closely related automatic weather station of life is even more so, and meteorological element senses the miniaturization and cheap of component, and in intelligence Can terminal(Mobile phone), carrying in wearable device and communal facility, it is possible to realize basic meteorological element in the near future The whole people of acquisition participate in.
Utility model content
The utility model provides the Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32, and meteorological element is sensed the micro- of component by it Type and cheap, can realize automatic weather station being incorporated into intelligent terminal(Mobile phone), in wearable device and communal facility Carry.
To realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the concrete technical scheme that the utility model is taken is, based on STM32 it is portable from Dynamic weather station, including host computer, mobile phone and weather station data acquisition unit;STM32 processors are provided with weather station data acquisition unit, And the meteorological sensor and GPS module being connected respectively with STM32 processors by communication interface;Meteorological sensor is used to gather Meteorological element information, meteorological element includes temperature, humidity, rainfall, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and intensity of illumination and PM2.5;GPS Module is used to obtain real-time time, longitude and latitude and altitude parameters information;STM32 processors receive respectively meteorological sensor and The information of GPS module collection;Host computer, mobile phone be connected to STM32 processors, and receives sending for STM32 processors Gathered data information.
As the improved technical scheme of the utility model, meteorological sensor is temperature sensor, humidity sensor, tipping bucket type Rain sensor, baroceptor, wind speed wind direction sensor, intensity of illumination sensor, one kind in PM2.5 sensors or many Kind.
As the improved technical scheme of the utility model, in addition to TF storage cards, TF storage cards are connected to STM32 processing Device.
As the improved technical scheme of the utility model, mobile phone is connected to STM32 processors by GPRS/GSM modules.
As the improved technical scheme of the utility model, GPRS/GSM modules have multiple, and each GPRS/GSM modules are matched somebody with somebody It is equipped with an IP address.
As the improved technical scheme of the utility model, serial ports, STM32 processors are additionally provided with weather station data acquisition unit Network is connected to by serial ports.
Beneficial effect
1. the characteristics of miniaturization and cheap that a Portable weather station has, it is successfully realized taking on intelligent terminal Carry, to realize that the whole people that basic meteorological element is obtained participate in providing bigger possibility.
2. the system selects communication, including GPRS/GSM and serial ports etc., controller is by acquisition process and matter Packet after amount control is sent to mobile phone terminal server by GPRS, can be achieved multiple spot distributed data acquisition, and with it is upper Position machine communicated and meteorological data display and storage, facilitate user to meteorological data information in time, accurately acquisition.
3. the standardization and standardization of data acquisition and quality control effect substantially, improve the accurate of meteorological element data Property.The data acquisition and quality control of the design is realized to meteorological data collection and place in strict accordance with China Meteorological Administration's standard The standardization and standardization of reason.
4. a Portable weather station reads GPS module agreement code and imports Baidu map decoding, weather station can be carried out straight See, accurately position.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is Portable Automatic Weather Station theory diagram;
Fig. 2 is system operation overview flow chart;
Fig. 3 is Portable Automatic Weather Station quality control process figure.
Embodiment
To make the purpose and technical scheme of the utility model embodiment clearer, implement below in conjunction with the utility model The accompanying drawing of example, the technical scheme to the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment It is a part of embodiment of the present utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on described embodiment of the present utility model, The every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained on the premise of without creative work, belongs to this practicality Novel protected scope.
Those skilled in the art of the present technique are appreciated that unless otherwise defined, all terms used herein(Including technology art Language and scientific terminology)With the general understanding identical meaning with the those of ordinary skill in the utility model art.Also It should be understood that those terms defined in such as general dictionary should be understood that with the context of prior art The consistent meaning of meaning, and unless defined as here, will not be explained with idealization or excessively formal implication.
Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32, including host computer, mobile phone and weather station data acquisition unit;Weather station STM32 processors, and the meteorological sensor being connected respectively with STM32 processors by communication interface are provided with data acquisition unit And GPS module;Meteorological sensor is temperature sensor, humidity sensor, tipping bucket rain gauge, baroceptor, wind speed One or more in wind transducer, intensity of illumination sensor, PM2.5 sensors, it is meteorological for gathering meteorological element information Key element includes temperature, humidity, rainfall, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction, intensity of illumination and PM2.5;When GPS module is used to obtain real-time Between, longitude and latitude and altitude parameters information;PM2.5 sensors are used to gather the PM2.5 information in air;STM32 processors point Jie Shou not meteorological sensor, the information of GPS module collection;Mobile phone is connected to STM32 processors by GPRS/GSM modules respectively, And receive the information sent of STM32 processors;Also include TF storage cards, TF storage cards are connected to STM32 processors, for depositing Store up the information after the processing of STM32 processors.GPRS/GSM modules have multiple, and each GPRS/GSM modules are with being each equipped with an IP Location.STM32 processors can be connected to network by the serial ports on weather station data acquisition unit.
Air velocity transducer in the present embodiment, model:HS-FS01, manufacturer:Beijingization controls industrial development in science and technology Co., Ltd; Wind transducer, model:HS-FX01 manufacturers:Beijingization controls industrial development in science and technology Co., Ltd;Baroceptor, model: PTB210A1 manufacturers:VAISALA;Tipping bucket rain gauge, model:WXL, manufacturer:Beijing wirelessly joins Science and Technology Ltd.;Temperature Humidity integrative sensor, model:HMP155, manufacturer:VAISALA;Intensity of illumination sensor, model:BH1750FVI, manufacturer: TELESKY;PM2.5 sensors, model:GP2Y1014AU, manufacturer:SHARP;GPS module, model:MBCU-M3339, manufacturer: sanyuan;STM32 processors, model STM32, producer STM;GSM/GPRS modules, model:SIM900A producers:The general crowd in Shenzhen Communication.
Be meteorological element acquisition principle block diagram shown in Fig. 1, mainly include STM32 processors, GPS module, TF storage cards, Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor, air velocity transducer, wind transducer, tipping bucket rain gauge, illumination Intensity sensor, PM2.5 sensors, GSM/GPRS modules and host computer.Server and mobile phone by GSM/GPRS modules with Main control chip STM32 processors are connected, and remaining module is connected by various interfaces with processor.
As shown in Fig. 2 for utility model works flow chart, after system electrification, STM32 processors carry out initialization and matched somebody with somebody Put, including clock, PORT COM, timer, ADC etc., after the completion of initialization, real-time time, longitude and latitude are obtained by GPS module Degree, altitude parameters are adopted to common meteorological element including temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction, rainfall, illumination and PM2.5 Collection, processing and quality control.The collection of this meteorological data gathers primary air velocity per 0.25s in strict accordance with China Meteorological Administration's standard, A wind direction is gathered per 1s, temperature, humidity and pressure are gathered per 2s, gathered per 1min rainfall, intensity of illumination and PM2.5, is then packed the eight key element meteorological datas gathered with real-time time, height above sea level, longitude and latitude, system is to being gathered Meteorological data parsed, be examined in sequence plus flag and calculate the instantaneous value of meteorological element, arithmetic average Value, extreme value and sliding average, then carry out quality examination to the numerical value calculated, write data again after having checked again Enter packet.STM32 processors store packet to TF storage cards, and are sent to mobile phone terminal service by GPRS/GSM modules Device, and communicated with host computer and meteorological data display and storage, facilitate user to meteorological data information promptly and accurately Acquisition.In addition, system can directly read GPS module agreement code and import Baidu map decoding, weather station can be carried out straight See, accurately position.
Portable weather station data quality control flow as shown in Figure 3, the key element of Portable weather station eight collection will after terminating Carry out the processing of data, i.e. quality control.First, system classifies the packet gathered in 1 minute by different meteorological elements Parsed, be examined in sequence and add flag.Mark mainly includes 8 classes, and " 0 " represents that data are correct, and " 1 " represents number According to suspicious, " 2 " expression error in data, " 3 " represent that data are inconsistent, and " 4 " represent suspicious, but pass through other check and pass through inspection Look into." 8 " represent shortage of data, and " N " indicates no sensor, and " 9 " are represented without inspection.According to national gas after data are checked As office's sample frequency and numerical requirements are handled, by taking wind speed as an example, 1min arithmetic averages, 2min arithmetic mean need to be determined Value, 10min sliding averages, extreme value in the corresponding time etc..After the completion of the key element of weather station eight is handled, data after processing are pressed Pack and sent by GPRS module to server according to user-defined format.
Complete to include temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction, rainfall, illumination and PM2.5 to eight key element meteorological datas Collection, processing and quality control and storage after, for the ease of user in time, effectively, easily obtain at meteorological data, STM32 Reason device sends data to mobile phone terminal server by GPRS/GSM modules.Each GPRS/GSM modules are with can distributing an IP Location, i.e., the IP that mobile phone terminal server is shown can send meteorological data after successful connection according to setpoint frequency.The system can be real Show sending and receiving for the distributed meteorological data of multiple spot, mobile phone terminal server can receive the meteorological data of different websites, lead to The data of different Portable Automatic Weather Stations can conveniently be obtained by crossing the IP address at switch mobile phone end.At the same time, authorized Cellphone subscriber can be by short message form real-time query meteorological data information, and for unauthorized user, system will not be right It is responded.
The longitude and latitude and elevation data that this Portable weather station is collected by GPS module are directly led in protocol data form Enter Baidu map in network to be attached with Baidu map, successfully can realize to enter Portable weather station after Baidu map decoding Row is accurately and effectively positioned and intuitively shown.For Portable weather station host computer sectional drawing.Portable Automatic Weather Station is upper Machine employs C# language and compiles completion under VisioStudio2005.NET environment, a large amount of practical class libraries of this environment integrated, Database module uses widely used SQLServer2000 data storages, so as to more efficiently realize automatic weather station The real-time processing and monitoring of data.The major function of the master system is to receive the 8 key element gas gathered based on STM32 processors Image data, will be preserved to database after data processing, is inquired about and is monitored for user.At the same time, the host computer can be supervised in real time The equipment running status of slave computer are surveyed, monitoring efficiency of the user to weather station slave computer is improved.
It is further noted that STM32 each means STM32 processors herein.
The effect that the weather station of the application is brought has:
1. the utility model have devised the Portable Automatic Weather Station system based on STM32, based on the portable of STM32 Automatic weather station obtains real-time time, longitude and latitude, altitude parameters, to normal using STM32 processors as controller by GPS module See meteorological element be acquired, handle including temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction, rainfall, illumination and PM2.5, quality control System, data storage and transmission.
2. for the ease of user in time, effectively, easily obtain meteorological data, the utility model is wireless using GPRS/GSM Transmission means sends meteorological data to handset server end so that the acquisition of meteorological data is extensive and portable with using Smart mobile phone is combined closely.Each GPRS/GSM modules are equipped with an IP address, and GPRS/GSM modules are connected with mobile phone Meteorological data can be sent after success according to setpoint frequency.The system can realize the distributed meteorological data of multiple spot transmission and Receive, mobile phone terminal server can receive the meteorological data of different websites, can conveniently be obtained by the IP address at switch mobile phone end The data of different Portable Automatic Weather Stations are taken, at the same time, the cellphone subscriber authorized can in real time be looked into by short message form Meteorological data information is ask, and for unauthorized user, system will not be responsed to which.
3. longitude and latitude and elevation data that a Portable weather station is collected by GPS module pass through serial ports and Baidu map It is attached, Baidu map is introduced directly into protocol data form, Baidu map can be realized after being decoded to protocol data Portable weather station is intuitively accurately positioned.
4. a Portable Automatic Weather Station uses a variety of data storage methods.Meteorological element data both can be by the TF of hardware Storage card is stored, and can also be stored by mobile phone terminal server, at the same time, and epigynous computer section can also be realized pair The storage of meteorological data.
Embodiment of the present utility model is these are only, it describes more specific and detailed, but can not therefore understand For the limitation to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, not taking off On the premise of the utility model design, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to protection of the present utility model Scope.

Claims (6)

1. the Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32, it is characterised in that including host computer, mobile phone and weather station data acquisition Device;Provided with STM32 processors in weather station data acquisition unit, and be connected respectively with STM32 processors by communication interface Meteorological sensor and GPS module;Meteorological sensor is used to gather meteorological element information, and meteorological element includes temperature, humidity, rain Amount, air pressure, wind speed, wind direction and intensity of illumination and PM2.5;GPS module is used to obtain real-time time, longitude and latitude and height above sea level ginseng Number information;STM32 processors receive the information of meteorological sensor and GPS module collection respectively;Host computer, mobile phone are connected to STM32 processors, and receive the gathered data information sent of STM32 processors.
2. the Portable Automatic Weather Station according to claim 1 based on STM32, it is characterised in that meteorological sensor is Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, tipping bucket rain gauge, baroceptor, wind speed wind direction sensor, intensity of illumination sensing One or more in device, PM2.5 sensors.
3. the Portable Automatic Weather Station according to claim 1 based on STM32, it is characterised in that also stored including TF Card, TF storage cards are connected to STM32 processors.
4. the Portable Automatic Weather Station according to claim 1 based on STM32, it is characterised in that mobile phone passes through GPRS/ Gsm module is connected to STM32 processors.
5. the Portable Automatic Weather Station according to claim 4 based on STM32, it is characterised in that GPRS/GSM modules Have multiple, each GPRS/GSM modules are each equipped with an IP address.
6. the Portable Automatic Weather Station according to claim 1 based on STM32, it is characterised in that weather station data are adopted Serial ports is additionally provided with storage, STM32 processors are connected to network by serial ports.
CN201720318588.4U 2017-03-29 2017-03-29 Portable Automatic Weather Station based on STM32 Expired - Fee Related CN206594319U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107947816A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-20 唐红昇 Intelligent and portable automatic Weather Station
CN109507755A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-03-22 安徽四创电子股份有限公司 One kind being based on automatic Weather Station synthesis detection system
CN110187412A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-08-30 中国华云气象科技集团公司 Meteorological observation equipment and Meteorological Observation System

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107947816A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-04-20 唐红昇 Intelligent and portable automatic Weather Station
CN109507755A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-03-22 安徽四创电子股份有限公司 One kind being based on automatic Weather Station synthesis detection system
CN110187412A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-08-30 中国华云气象科技集团公司 Meteorological observation equipment and Meteorological Observation System

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Granted publication date: 20171027

Termination date: 20190329