CN206567310U - A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid - Google Patents

A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206567310U
CN206567310U CN201720159550.7U CN201720159550U CN206567310U CN 206567310 U CN206567310 U CN 206567310U CN 201720159550 U CN201720159550 U CN 201720159550U CN 206567310 U CN206567310 U CN 206567310U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
kitchen garbage
liquid
homogeneous
unit
solid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201720159550.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘人怀
林蒋海
刘泽寰
金宇鹏
金铭
熊春江
雷永康
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan lixinglong Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Li Shikang Low-Carbon Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Li Shikang Low-Carbon Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Li Shikang Low-Carbon Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720159550.7U priority Critical patent/CN206567310U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206567310U publication Critical patent/CN206567310U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid, including the pretreatment unit of separation of solid and liquid is carried out to kitchen garbage, and receive the pressed liquor of pretreatment unit generation to produce the liquid-phase treatment apparatus that fermentation is starched with swill.The utility model is effective to carry out separation of solid and liquid to kitchen garbage.

Description

A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid
Technical field
The utility model is related to kitchen garbage waste treating device technical field, more particularly to a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid Separator.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage is primarily referred to as resident's daily life and food processing in addition, catering service, unit and served the meals Produced in activity and rubbish.Nutritional ingredient is rich in kitchen garbage, mainly including starch, free sugar, protein, fat, fibre Dimension element and inorganic salts etc., therefore, kitchen garbage extremely easily ferments, rotten, rotten, not only produces substantial amounts of toxin, distributes Foul gas, goes back polluted-water and air, if so kitchen garbage cannot be handled in time, not only influence the city appearance of the city and Environmental sanitation, and can spread disease, endanger daily life and healthy.With increasingly carrying for people's living standard Obvious growth trend is presented in the increase of high and population in the world, the yield of kitchen garbage.At present, the city that the whole world is produced every year House refuse is 50,000,000,000 t or so, and wherein kitchen garbage accounts for therein 10% ~ 20%.According to incompletely statistics, the kitchen rubbish of China Rubbish yield has just reached 45,000,000 t in 2000, and is increased with annual 10% increasing velocity, therefore, takes adequate measures Handle kitchen garbage extremely urgent.
The current whole society does not set up sound kitchen garbage processing management system also, lacks corresponding management policy and suitable Suitable treatment technology, processing mode the most universal is exactly to be mixed in common rubbish, direct blended landfill or directly transports to agriculture Field pig feeding.With the generally change and the appearance of new technology of people's idea, some new technologies of kitchen garbage processing are also just slow Slowly replace traditional method of disposal, from the point of view of present circumstances, mainly there are following several processing modes:
1st, Fertilizer Transformed is handled:The Fertilizer Transformed processing method of kitchen garbage mainly includes two kinds of aerobic compost and anaerobic digestion. Aerobic composting process is that under aerobic conditions, organic solid is decomposed into dissolvable by the ectoenzyme secreted using aerobic microbiological Organic substance, then penetrate into cell, whole composting process is realized by the metabolism of microorganism.Anaerobic Digestion refers to Under specific anaerobic condition, microorganism is decomposed organic waste, and carbon therein, hydrogen, oxygen are converted into methane and titanium dioxide Carbon, and the element such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is then retained in residue, and it is converted into the form that easily passive plant absorption is utilized.Kitchen garbage The shortcoming of Fertilizer Transformed processing be that fertilizer quality is not high, while the composting mode cost of better quality is higher, promotes and be more stranded It is difficult.
2nd, fodder is handled:The fodder handling principle of kitchen garbage is utilized in kitchen garbage containing substantial amounts of organic Thing, by crushing, being dehydrated to it, ferment, after soft or hard separation, rubbish is transformed into the animal feed of high heat, turned waste into wealth.But Just on the whole, kitchen trash feed equally exist it is of low quality, the problem of find no sale.
3rd, energy is handled:The energy processing of kitchen garbage mainly includes burning method, thermal decomposition method, ferment for hydrogen production etc.. Burning method processing kitchen garbage efficiency is higher, the residue for being beneficial to disposal of final generation about 5%, and burning is in special burning Carried out in stove, the heat energy of generation can be exchanged into steam or electric energy, so as to realize the recycling of the energy, but kitchen garbage is aqueous Rate is high, calorific value is relatively low, needs to add auxiliary fuel during burning, so that the problem of causing to invest big, while vent gas treatment is also one Individual problem;Thermal decomposition method is to be pyrolyzed rubbish at high temperature, heat contained in rubbish is converted into combustion gas, oil and carbon Form, is then utilized again, and pyrolysismethod has broad application prospects, but technology not yet reaches the trial period, at present application It is less;Hydrogen, as a kind of high-quality clean energy resource, is the most potential alternative energy source generally believed, but current fermentation Hydrogen manufacturing is with high costs, and inconvenience is promoted.
It presently, there are and carry out the technology that the pressed liquor after separation of solid and liquid is fermented using kitchen garbage, still, at present The effect that is separated to kitchen garbage of this technology and bad, much to disposable litter or pop can for fermenting useless etc. Waste is not efficiently separated still, therefore, it is necessary to be improved to this.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art to enter kitchen garbage there is provided a kind of The device of the effective separation of solid and liquid of row.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model is realized using following scheme:
A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid, including the pretreatment unit of separation of solid and liquid is carried out to kitchen garbage, and The pressed liquor of pretreatment unit generation is received to produce the liquid-phase treatment apparatus that fermentation is starched with swill
After kitchen garbage is by separation of solid and liquid, substantial amounts of organic matter is contained in liquid phase, solid phase residue is separately dealt with, to separation The further processing of liquid phase afterwards forms swill slurry and is easy to follow-up fermentation.Subsequent treatment is carried out using swill slurry, in the absence of big The solid residue of amount, therefore can reduce pipeline resistance, reduction energy consumption and m of e cost, and can cause fermentation and Distillation is more thorough, and each nutrients is more fully utilized.
The pretreatment unit includes crushing squeezing unit, removal of impurities crushing squeezing unit and is arranged at crushing squeezing unit The supply unit between squeezing unit is crushed with removal of impurities, the squeezing that squeezing unit is produced is crushed in the crushing squeezing unit and removal of impurities Liquid passes through pipeline to liquid-phase treatment apparatus.
Kitchen garbage carries out preliminary crushing and squeezing by crushing squeezing unit, a certain amount of due to containing in kitchen garbage Disposable litter or other discarded objects, such as disposable lunch box, dixie cup, metal top pop tank, plastic bottle are not easy to subsequent treatment Discarded object, it is therefore desirable to using removal of impurities crush squeezing unit the kitchen garbage of preliminary treatment is further processed.It is logical Cross and kitchen garbage is carried out to crush twice after squeezing processing, substantially carried out the separation of solid and liquid of kitchen garbage.
Described to crush initial crusher and primary squeezer that squeezing unit includes being sequentially connected, squeezing is crushed in the removal of impurities Unit includes cyclone separator, secondary breaker and the two grades of squeezers being sequentially connected, and the supply unit is conveyed including feeding Machine, one end of upper material conveyer is relative with the material outlet of primary squeezer, the material inlet of its other end and cyclone separator Relatively, the air outlet of the cyclone separator is connected with the Material collecting box for harvesting air inlet for collecting discarded object, the Material collecting box for harvesting air-out Mouth is provided with barrier net.
Kitchen garbage is delivered to cyclone separator by upper material conveyer, after kitchen garbage is squeezed by first crushing, So that kitchen garbage more easily discharges disposable litter, pop can the like waste, it is divided by cyclone separator From these discarded objects are from cyclone separator air outlet enters Material collecting box for harvesting., can be in cyclone separator in order to improve collection efficiency Air outlet motor is set to provide more sufficient power.The barrier net that the air outlet of Material collecting box for harvesting is set can prevent from being absorbed to collection The discarded object of hopper is sucked away again.Preferably, the air outlet of cyclone separator is connected with the air inlet positioned at Material collecting box for harvesting sidepiece, Air outlet at the top of Material collecting box for harvesting may be connected to odor treating device, and the segment pipe being connected with Material collecting box for harvesting air outlet is in perpendicular Straight state, so may be such that discarded object drops in Material collecting box for harvesting and is not easy to block air outlet.
The liquid-phase treatment apparatus carries out the homogeneous unit of homogeneous, to the pressure after homogeneous including being sequentially connected to pressed liquor Squeeze water-oil separating unit and storage element that liquid carries out water-oil separating.
The homogeneous unit includes homogeneous agitator tank, and the water-oil separating unit includes oil water separator, the storage list Member includes swill and starches storage tank, and the homogeneous agitator tank is connected with pretreatment unit to receive the pressed liquor after separation of solid and liquid, described Oil water separator is connected the swill slurry formed to receive after homogeneous, the swill slurry storage tank and oil water separator with homogeneous agitator tank Connect and starched with receiving and storing the swill after water-oil separating.
The pressed liquor for crushing squeezing unit and removal of impurities crushing squeezing unit generation is entered by pipeline to homogeneous agitator tank Row stirring, due to there is grease of the fatty and many absorption of substantial amounts of solid state on tiny residue surface in pressed liquor, These greases can not be removed by simple water-oil separating, therefore obtain swill slurry to pressed liquor progress homogeneous stirring, will be big Fat lump is broken up so that grease is fully exposed, then by water-oil separating after, can greatly reduce what subsequent fermentation was starched with swill Fat content.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:The utility model is carried out to kitchen garbage pole Two grades of crushing squeezing processing, efficiently separates out the discarded object of kitchen garbage, by the nutriment in kitchen garbage with slurries Formed and carry out follow-up fermentation and distillation, reduce equipment loss degree, and can be by fermentation with steaming.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid floor plan;
Fig. 2 is pretreatment unit structural representation.
Embodiment
In order to allow those skilled in the art to more fully understand the technical solution of the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to this Utility model is further elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1 and 2, a kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid, including the pre- place of separation of solid and liquid is carried out to kitchen garbage Device 100 is managed, receives the pressed liquor of pretreatment unit generation to produce the liquid-phase treatment apparatus 200 that fermentation is starched with swill, and The odor treating device 500 being connected with pretreatment unit, after it is handled the foul smell produced in kitchen garbage separation process Discharge.
The pretreatment unit includes crushing squeezing unit 101, removal of impurities crushing squeezing unit 102 and is arranged at crushing pressure The supply unit 103 between unit 101 and removal of impurities crushing squeezing unit 102 is squeezed, the crushing squeezing unit 101 and removal of impurities are crushed The pressed liquor that squeezing unit 102 is produced passes through pipeline to liquid-phase treatment apparatus 200.
The crushing squeezing unit 101 includes the initial crusher 1011 being sequentially connected and primary squeezer 1012, described Cyclone separator 1021, secondary breaker 1022 and the two grades of squeezers that squeezing unit 102 includes being sequentially connected are crushed in removal of impurities 1023, the supply unit includes upper material conveyer 1031, one end of upper material conveyer 1031 and the thing of primary squeezer 1012 Material outlet is relative, and its other end is relative with the material inlet of cyclone separator 1021, the air outlet of the cyclone separator 1021 It is connected with the air inlet of Material collecting box for harvesting 104 for collecting discarded object, the air outlet of Material collecting box for harvesting 104 is connected to odor treating device 500, and The air outlet of Material collecting box for harvesting 104 is provided with barrier net.
After the liquid-phase treatment apparatus 200 is including being sequentially connected to the homogeneous unit of pressed liquor progress homogeneous, to homogeneous Pressed liquor carry out water-oil separating water-oil separating unit and storage element.The homogeneous unit includes homogeneous agitator tank 201, The water-oil separating unit includes oil water separator 202, and the storage element includes swill and starches storage tank 203, the homogeneous stirring Tank 201 is connected to receive the pressed liquor after separation of solid and liquid, the oil with primary squeezer 1012 and two grades of squeezers 1023 respectively Separator 202 is connected the swill slurry formed to receive after homogeneous, the swill slurry storage tank 203 and oil with homogeneous agitator tank 201 Separator 202 connects to receive and store the swill slurry after water-oil separating.
Above-described embodiment is only wherein specific implementation of the present utility model, and it describes more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the utility model the scope of the claims can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for the ordinary skill of this area For personnel, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, various modifications and improvements can be made, these are apparent Alternative forms belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid, it is characterised in that the pretreatment including carrying out separation of solid and liquid to kitchen garbage Device, and receive the pressed liquor of pretreatment unit generation to produce the liquid-phase treatment apparatus that fermentation is starched with swill.
2. kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pretreatment unit includes powder The conveying that broken squeezing unit, removal of impurities are crushed squeezing unit and be arranged between crushing squeezing unit and removal of impurities crushing squeezing unit The pressed liquor that squeezing unit generation is crushed in unit, the crushing squeezing unit and removal of impurities passes through pipeline to liquid phase processing dress Put.
3. kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the crushing squeezing unit includes The cyclonic separation that squeezing unit includes being sequentially connected is crushed in the initial crusher and primary squeezer being sequentially connected, the removal of impurities Device, secondary breaker and two grades of squeezers, the supply unit include upper material conveyer, and one end of upper material conveyer is pressed with primary The material outlet of crusher is relative, and its other end is relative with the material inlet of cyclone separator, the air outlet of the cyclone separator It is connected with the Material collecting box for harvesting air inlet for collecting discarded object, the Material collecting box for harvesting air outlet is provided with barrier net.
4. the kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid according to any one of claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that the liquid phase processing Device include be sequentially connected to pressed liquor carry out homogeneous homogeneous unit, to after homogeneous pressed liquor carry out water-oil separating oil Water separative element and storage element.
5. kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the homogeneous unit includes homogeneous Agitator tank, the water-oil separating unit includes oil water separator, and the storage element includes swill and starches storage tank, the homogeneous stirring Tank is connected with pretreatment unit to receive the pressed liquor after separation of solid and liquid, and the oil water separator is connected to connect with homogeneous agitator tank The swill slurry formed after homogeneous is received, the swill slurry storage tank is connected to receive and store the swill after water-oil separating with oil water separator Water slurry.
CN201720159550.7U 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid Active CN206567310U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720159550.7U CN206567310U (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720159550.7U CN206567310U (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206567310U true CN206567310U (en) 2017-10-20

Family

ID=60058949

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720159550.7U Active CN206567310U (en) 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206567310U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110102368A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-08-09 宁夏方特达信息技术有限公司 A kind of medlar fresh fruit smashes squeezing juice separation integrated equipment
CN111001209A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-14 安徽天健环保股份有限公司 Dry humidity adjusting system and adjusting method in swill separation process

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110102368A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-08-09 宁夏方特达信息技术有限公司 A kind of medlar fresh fruit smashes squeezing juice separation integrated equipment
CN111001209A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-14 安徽天健环保股份有限公司 Dry humidity adjusting system and adjusting method in swill separation process

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102921704B (en) The method for innocent treatment of changing food waste
CN103074381A (en) Efficient resourceful treatment method through separation and anaerobic fermentation for kitchen waste
CN102690134A (en) Processing method and processing system for kitchen garbage resourcilization
CN105798050B (en) Kitchen castoff cooperates with treatment process with domestic garbage burning electricity generation
CN102151683A (en) Damp and heat fermentation comprehensive harmless and resource processing system for kitchen waste
CN206033595U (en) High -efficient environmental protection kitchen waste treatment equipment
CN103920696B (en) A kind of changing food waste source processing method on the spot
CN206898052U (en) Changing food waste into resources utilizes device
CN202238856U (en) Combined type modularized resource processing system for kitchen rubbish
CN102794294A (en) Treatment process for biological wastes
CN111842405A (en) Kitchen waste treatment method
CN109365480A (en) Rubbish from cooking and kitchen garbage collaboration processing equipment and processing method
CN102492556A (en) Treatment method for extracting grease from kitchen waste and performing biogas fermentation on kitchen waste
CN206567310U (en) A kind of kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid
CN106636216A (en) Acidification control method for anaerobic fermentation of organic refuse
CN109290343A (en) The perishable rubbish collaboration Anaerobic Digestion equipment of polymorphic type and processing method
CN109678566A (en) A kind of method of the full comprehensive utilization of resources of kitchen garbage
CN102247971A (en) Process for treating kitchen waste by mechanical sorting and two-phase anaerobic fermentation
CN202576408U (en) Environmentally-friendly renewable energy device for treating food garbage
CN113333430A (en) Organic garbage waste resource pretreatment system and method
CN103194314A (en) Method for treating waste oil
CN206567311U (en) A kind of kitchen garbage pre-treatment production line
CN111218481A (en) Method for combined fermentation of organic garbage and sludge
CN112588788B (en) Short-flow resourceful treatment process for kitchen waste
CN206567309U (en) A kind of odorless kitchen garbage equipment for separating liquid from solid

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191225

Address after: 610000 Xingneng Road, industrial East District, Xindu District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Patentee after: Chengdu Xindu lishikang Low Carbon Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 510760, Guangzhou District, Guangdong, Whampoa Province, three Po Road 19, 2 buildings, 1 floor, B District

Patentee before: Guangdong Li Shikang low-carbon technology Co. Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200305

Address after: 610000 Xingneng Road, industrial East District, Xindu District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Patentee after: Sichuan lixinglong Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 610000 Xingneng Road, industrial East District, Xindu District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Patentee before: Chengdu Xindu lishikang Low Carbon Technology Co., Ltd