CN206518140U - Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace - Google Patents

Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206518140U
CN206518140U CN201621450680.8U CN201621450680U CN206518140U CN 206518140 U CN206518140 U CN 206518140U CN 201621450680 U CN201621450680 U CN 201621450680U CN 206518140 U CN206518140 U CN 206518140U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater shell
burner hearth
pipe
feeding tube
cured tobacco
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621450680.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宗先元
宗传海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Weifang Yuankang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Weifang Yuankang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Weifang Yuankang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Weifang Yuankang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201621450680.8U priority Critical patent/CN206518140U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206518140U publication Critical patent/CN206518140U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace, it includes body of heater shell, burner hearth overcoat is set in body of heater shell, the top of burner hearth overcoat inner chamber is combustion chamber, middle part sets fire grate, lower section sets ash box, equipped with the hopper that feeds intake on the body of heater shell, feed intake and be connected with converying feeding tube below hopper, the feeding end of converying feeding tube is connected with the drainage conduit that discharge end is located in burner hearth, the converying feeding tube is built with by motor-driven feeding screw, pipe is provided with above the burner hearth, Heat Room is provided with the body of heater shell, provided with the cigarette channel connected with pipe in Heat Room, blowing makes cold wind and Heat Room in the oriented furnace body shell of body of heater cage connection, burner hearth overcoat carries out the hot blast air feed machine of heat exchange, the down either side of body of heater shell is provided with hot blast outlet, the smoke exhaust pipe connected with the cigarette channel of Heat Room is also associated with the body of heater shell.The utility model no longer needs manually to add fuel, has the advantages that to form hot blast quality height and can accurately control hot blast temperature.

Description

Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace.
Background technology
, it is necessary to which by two processes of flue-cured tobacco and redrying, the process of flue-cured tobacco is by the cigarette of green in the manufacturing process of tobacco Leaf uses suitable temperature curve(Substantially temperature is between 45-65 degree)Hot blast it is slowly dried, Huang is dried.
In present cooking process, hot blast is produced, it is necessary to manually frequently add coal-fired fuel, labor using coal furnace mostly Make that environment is poor, it is easy to the tobacco of baking in addition, the hot blast peculiar smell formed using coal furnace is larger, it is difficult to carry out peculiar smell removing Secondary pollution is formed, the quality of tobacco is reduced, and using conventional coal furnace, the temperature control of hot blast is more difficult, the combustion often used The hot blast rate that coal is produced is far longer than required hot blast rate, causes the waste of the energy.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model, which is to provide one kind, no longer to be needed manually to add fuel, forms hot blast quality It is high and can accurately control the biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace of hot blast temperature.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace provided includes body of heater shell, body of heater shell Interior setting burner hearth overcoat, the top of burner hearth overcoat inner chamber is combustion chamber, middle part setting fire grate, lower section setting ash box, and its structure is special Putting is:Equipped with the hopper that feeds intake on the body of heater shell, converying feeding tube, the feeding end of converying feeding tube are connected with below the hopper that feeds intake The drainage conduit that discharge end is located in burner hearth is connected with, the converying feeding tube is built with by motor-driven feeding screw, the stove It is provided with above thorax in pipe, the body of heater shell and is provided with Heat Room, provided with the cigarette channel connected with pipe in Heat Room, Blowing makes cold wind and Heat Room, the hot blast air feed machine of burner hearth overcoat progress heat exchange in the oriented furnace body shell of body of heater cage connection, The down either side of body of heater shell is provided with hot blast outlet, the body of heater shell and is also associated with what is connected with the cigarette channel of Heat Room Smoke exhaust pipe.
The Heat Room includes being coated with least upper and lower two row in the chamber body that top and bottom set inlet and outlet, chamber body Smoke pipe is crossed, many smoke pipes that smoke pipe includes be arrangeding in parallel are often drained through, the one of bottom is drained through smoke pipe connects with pipe, the top Smoke pipe of crossing connect with smoke exhaust pipe, described cigarette channel is that flue gas is drained through smoke pipe entrance from the one of bottom and passed upward through successively The one of side is drained through the bent passage formed after smoke pipe.
The forward lower part of the converying feeding tube is provided with discharge gate, and feeding wind stopping device is provided between converying feeding tube and drainage conduit.
The converying feeding tube tilts upward setting from back to front, and the drainage conduit tilts down setting from back to front, described Feeding wind stopping device includes the feed cylinder being connected in drainage conduit, and feed cylinder is provided with the charging aperture connected with converying feeding tube and row The discharging opening of expects pipe connection, feed cylinder built with feeding screw is connected closes wind axis, close ring on wind axis and be furnished with and can stir The turning wheel piece of fuel and salable feeding tube inner chamber.
It is equipped with the body of heater shell on breeze fan, breeze fan equipped with sending in feeding combustion chamber and below fire grate Valve is housed on airduct, ajutage.
Put outside the burner hearth provided with heat-dissipating fin.
After said structure, fuel is put into the hopper that feeds intake(Can be in bar-shaped biomass fuel), pass through electricity Machine driving feeding screw is rotated, and fuel, which can be automatically fed into combustion chamber, to be burnt, and hot blast air feed machine suction cold wind, cold wind is blown into In body of heater shell, the heat smoke in cold wind and Heat Room carries out heat exchange, and hot blast can be carried out with burner hearth overcoat etc. it is sufficient Heat exchange, makes all to absorb heat, final Self-air-heating outlet discharge by cold wind in whole body of heater shell.The utility model is no longer needed Manually to fill out and put fuel, it is to avoid the operational risk such as occur scalding, substantially increase efficiency, saved cost of labor, pass through The rotary speed of feeding screw and the exhaust smoke level of smoke exhaust fan, so as to control burning in burner hearth and cold wind and pipe Heat exchanger time, so as to accurately ensure that the temperature of hot blast, is conducive to the accurate temperature controlling of drying plant.
In summary, the utility model no longer needs manually to add fuel, high and can accurately control with hot blast quality is formed Heat the advantage of air temperature.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the line A-A section view along along Fig. 1.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model provides a kind of biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace, and it includes body of heater shell 1, burner hearth overcoat 20 is set in body of heater shell 1, and the top of the inner chamber of burner hearth overcoat 20 is combustion chamber, middle part sets fire grate, lower section to set Put and put outside ash box, burner hearth provided with heat-dissipating fin, the heat-dissipating fin is not illustrated in figure, the heat-dissipating fin can be vertical connection Fin outside burner hearth on set, or be arranged on the heat-dissipating fin put outside burner hearth, body of heater shell 1 equipped with the hopper that feeds intake 2, can deliver in bar-shaped biomass fuel in the hopper 2 that feeds intake, the biomass fuel be in the market can purchase it is existing Technical products, its manufacture craft and constituent are repeated no more, and the lower section for the hopper 2 that feeds intake is connected with converying feeding tube 3, material conveying The feeding end of pipe is connected with the drainage conduit 11 that discharge end is located in burner hearth, and converying feeding tube 3 is built with sending for being driven by servomotor 4 Expect to be provided with pipe 6, the body of heater shell 1 above spiral 5, the burner hearth and be provided with Heat Room 7, be provided with Heat Room 7 with The cigarette channel that pipe 6 is connected, body of heater shell 1, which connects blowing in oriented furnace body shell, makes cold wind with being packed into outside Heat Room, burner hearth The hot blast air feed machine 8 of row heat exchange, the down either side of body of heater shell, which is provided with hot blast outlet 9, the body of heater shell, to be also connected with There is the smoke exhaust pipe 10 that the cigarette channel with Heat Room 7 is connected.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, Heat Room 7 includes the chamber body that top and bottom set inlet and outlet, be coated with chamber body to Few upper and lower two are drained through smoke pipe 71, are often drained through many smoke pipes that smoke pipe includes be arrangeding in parallel, the one of bottom is drained through smoke pipe and smoke Pipe 6 is connected, and the smoke pipe of crossing of the top is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 10, and described cigarette channel is drained through smoke pipe from the one of bottom for flue gas and entered Enter to pass upward through the one of top successively and be drained through the bent passage formed after smoke pipe.
As shown in figure 1, the forward lower part of the converying feeding tube 3 is provided with discharge gate, it is provided between converying feeding tube and drainage conduit Feeding wind stopping device 12, the converying feeding tube tilts upward setting from back to front, and the drainage conduit tilts down setting from back to front, The feeding wind stopping device 12 includes the feed cylinder being connected in drainage conduit 11, and feed cylinder is provided with the charging connected with converying feeding tube Mouthful, the discharging opening that is connected with drainage conduit, feed cylinder built with feeding screw 5 is connected closes wind axis, close ring cloth on wind axis There is the turning wheel piece 13 that can stir fuel and salable feeding tube inner chamber, fuel can be sent to discharge by the rotation of turning wheel piece 13 Guan Zhong, and the flame reverse burning in combustion chamber can be effectively prevented, closed effect is played, and can be in a combustion chamber Automatic ignitor is set, and automatic ignitor utilizes the structure that oil spout is lighted a fire, the purpose is to the oil spout into combustion chamber and carries out electronics Igniting, concrete structure is prior art, be will not be repeated here, using said structure, can with automatic ignition, Automatic-feeding, thus Greatly save manually, reduce work intensity and reduce work risk.
As shown in figure 1, being equipped with the body of heater shell 1 on breeze fan 14, breeze fan 14 equipped with feeding combustion chamber And the ajutage 15 below fire grate, valve is housed on ajutage, can into combustion chamber and the accurate air feed in its bottom so that Control burning velocity, reach optimal combustion efficiency and fuel is sufficiently burnt there is provided the hot blast of high-quality.
The utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments, for those skilled in the art, based on the utility model The equivalent variations and part replacement of concrete structure are all in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace, including body of heater shell(1), body of heater shell(1)Interior setting burner hearth overcoat, burner hearth The top of overcoat inner chamber is combustion chamber, middle part sets fire grate, lower section sets ash box, it is characterized in that:The body of heater shell(1)Upper dress Feed intake hopper(2), feed intake hopper(2)Lower section be connected with converying feeding tube(3), the feeding end of converying feeding tube is connected with discharge end It is located at the drainage conduit in burner hearth(11), the converying feeding tube(3)Built with by servomotor(4)The feeding screw of driving(5), institute State and pipe is provided with above burner hearth(6), the body of heater shell(1)Inside it is provided with Heat Room(7), Heat Room(7)It is interior to be provided with going out Smoke pipe(6)The cigarette channel of connection, body of heater shell(1)Connecting blowing in oriented furnace body shell makes cold wind and Heat Room, burner hearth overcoat Carry out the hot blast air feed machine of heat exchange(8), the down either side of body of heater shell is provided with hot blast outlet(9), on the body of heater shell It is also associated with and Heat Room(7)Cigarette channel connection smoke exhaust pipe(10).
2. biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The Heat Room(7)Including top The chamber body of inlet and outlet is set with bottom, and being coated with least upper and lower two in chamber body is drained through smoke pipe(71), being often drained through smoke pipe includes putting down The many smoke pipes that row is set, the one of bottom is drained through smoke pipe and pipe(6)Connection, smoke pipe and the smoke exhaust pipe excessively of the top(10) Connection, described cigarette channel is drained through smoke pipe from the one of bottom for flue gas and is drained through into pass upward through top successively one after smoke pipe The bent passage of formation.
3. biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The converying feeding tube(3)Front Bottom is provided with discharge gate, and feeding wind stopping device is provided between converying feeding tube and drainage conduit(12).
4. biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:The converying feeding tube inclines from back to front Set obliquely, the drainage conduit tilts down setting, the feeding wind stopping device from back to front(12)Including being connected to drainage conduit (11)On feed cylinder, feed cylinder is provided with the charging aperture connected with converying feeding tube, the discharging opening that is connected with drainage conduit, feed cylinder Built with feeding screw(5)Wind axis is closed in drive connection, and to close ring on wind axis and be furnished with can stir in fuel and salable feed cylinder The turning wheel piece of chamber(13).
5. the biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that:The body of heater shell (1)It is upper that breeze fan is housed(14), breeze fan(14)Ajutage in the upper combustion chamber equipped with feeding and below fire grate(15), Valve is housed on ajutage.
6. the biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that:The burner hearth overcoat It is provided with heat-dissipating fin.
CN201621450680.8U 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace Expired - Fee Related CN206518140U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621450680.8U CN206518140U (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621450680.8U CN206518140U (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206518140U true CN206518140U (en) 2017-09-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621450680.8U Expired - Fee Related CN206518140U (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Biomass fuel flue-cured tobacco special furnace

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108386830A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-08-10 四川省烟草公司泸州市公司 Flue-cured tobacco biomass fuel combustion gasification all-in-one oven
CN109000470A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-14 重庆申基特机械制造有限公司 Dryer heating furnace
CN109028918A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-18 重庆申基特机械制造有限公司 Heavy duty detergent fuel drying equipment
CN110623295A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-31 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Intensive high-efficient biomass energy bulk curer heating device of collection

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108386830A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-08-10 四川省烟草公司泸州市公司 Flue-cured tobacco biomass fuel combustion gasification all-in-one oven
CN108386830B (en) * 2018-02-07 2019-06-07 四川省烟草公司泸州市公司 Flue-cured tobacco biomass fuel combustion gasification all-in-one oven
CN109000470A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-14 重庆申基特机械制造有限公司 Dryer heating furnace
CN109028918A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-18 重庆申基特机械制造有限公司 Heavy duty detergent fuel drying equipment
CN110623295A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-31 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Intensive high-efficient biomass energy bulk curer heating device of collection

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170926

Termination date: 20181228

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee