CN205641005U - Energy -conserving hot air heater - Google Patents

Energy -conserving hot air heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205641005U
CN205641005U CN201620476725.2U CN201620476725U CN205641005U CN 205641005 U CN205641005 U CN 205641005U CN 201620476725 U CN201620476725 U CN 201620476725U CN 205641005 U CN205641005 U CN 205641005U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
heating
furnace
steel pipe
annulus
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620476725.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶海军
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201620476725.2U priority Critical patent/CN205641005U/en
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Publication of CN205641005U publication Critical patent/CN205641005U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides an energy -conserving hot air heater, includes furnace, keep warm room and flue, is provided with the baffle between furnace and the heating room, reaches the indoor fire bars that all sets up of heating in the furnace of board lower portion both sides, the room top of keeping warm sets up the flue, sets up the commentaries on classics board between heating room and the flue, all sets up the steel pipe in keep warm room and the flue, the flue and indoor deashing frame I, the deashing frame II of setting up respectively of keeping warm. Through setting up rotatable commentaries on classics board, make the stove fire entering flue that makes progress away when cooking heating up water, only cook when needing the heating not heating up water, make the stove fire walk through furnace downwards, get into the flue through the heating room again, can be to the fire bars direct heating of furnace lower part, furnace is last in, the coal of lower part can not burn simultaneously, makes the coal burning more abundant, and steel pipe in the decapacitation heating flue can also heat the indoor steel pipe of warming oneself, has improved the heat utilization efficiency, and it is efficient, more energy -conserving to heat, and the cigarette ash on the lower steel pipe can be scraped to the deashing frame.

Description

A kind of energy-saving heating furnace
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of heating installation, is exactly a kind of energy-saving heating furnace specifically.
Background technology
At present, winter, rural household heating equipment was still based on coal furnace heating, heating up water at ordinary times and do after meal, cover bell and directly add the heating of a large amount of coal burning, the stove fire in burner hearth is to walk from bottom to top, coal in burner hearth is burnt simultaneously, burning rapidly, in addition heat upwards walk rapid, the most of heat after coal burning is discharged rapidly through passage and the flue of upper furnace, during Gai, heat time of staying in body of heater be the shortest, so only minor heat serves heating effect.Heat utilization efficiency is low, causes coal furnace heat supply efficiency low, and coal usage amount is big, coal loss is big, and in body of heater, the outer surface of steel tube time length of heating can adhere to much flue dust, has a strong impact on heating effect.
Summary of the invention
This utility model is for deficiency of the prior art, it is therefore an objective to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, heat utilization efficiency is high, have the furnace of deashing function.
The technical scheme that the above-mentioned technical problem of this utility model solution is used is:
nullA kind of energy-saving heating furnace,Including burner hearth、Heating room and flue,It is characterized in that: burner hearth、Heating room and flue are cavity body structure,Burner hearth、Heating room and flue combination form inner bag,Outer wall is set outside inner bag,Outer wall is also cavity body structure,Space is formed between inner bag and outer wall,Roof of the furnace arranges crater,Crater is provided above stove mouth,Between burner hearth and heating room, two dividing plates are set,Cavity between two dividing plates forms gap,In the burner hearth of both sides, bottom, gap and heating indoor are respectively provided with fire bars,The fire bars of both sides, gap is tilted-putted body,Every wing furnace bar typically arranges four,Each fire bars two ends respectively with gap、Space connects,The fire bars of both sides, gap is symmetric,And fire bars is higher than fire bars and junction, space with gap junctions,The fire bars of homonymy is in the same plane,Gap is left between the fire bars of homonymy,Heating indoor arrange steel pipe,Heating room is provided above flue,Between heating room and flue, flap is set,Passage is set between crater and flue,Channel connection crater and flue,Flap is hinged on passage by bull stick,Bull stick one end passes outer wall,On the bull stick of outer exterior wall, handle is set,At least one steel pipe is set in passage,Steel pipe it is also provided with in flue,Upper of furnace body、Bottom is respectively provided with outlet、Water inlet,Upper furnace、Bottom is respectively provided with coal feed point、Coal ash groove,Coal ash groove is drawer-type structure,Deashing frame I is set in flue,Whole deashing frame I is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus I is set in square frame plane,Connected by steel bar between each annulus I,The distributing position of the layout steel pipe each with in flue of each annulus I is corresponding,Annulus I is connected with pull bar I,Pull bar I is perpendicular to deashing frame I and passes outer wall,Heating indoor arrange deashing frame II,Whole deashing frame II is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus II is set in square frame plane,Connected by steel bar between each annulus II,Arranging of each annulus II is corresponding with the distributing position of indoor each steel pipe of warming oneself,Annulus II is connected with pull bar II,Pull bar II is perpendicular to deashing frame II and passes outer wall,Each steel pipe two ends connect with space respectively,Gap、Water inlet、Outlet also connects with space.
The above-mentioned steel pipe in heating room, passage and flue is all horizontally disposed with, and all steel pipes are vertical with fire bars, and pull bar I, pull bar II and bull stick are parallel to all steel pipes.
This utility model has the beneficial effect that
Compared with prior art, this utility model, by arranging rotating flap, makes when heating up water and cooking the stove fire of coal burning upwards walk the passage above by burner hearth and enters flue;Do not heat up water cook have only to heating time, on burner hearth, in, the coal of bottom will not burn simultaneously, make coal burning more abundant, the stove fire making coal burning is walked downwards by burner hearth, flue is entered again through heating room, the fire bars of lower furnace portion can be directly heated, steel pipe in decapacitation heating flue, can also the indoor steel pipe of heating service, improve heat utilization efficiency, coal loss is little, reach energy-conservation purpose, deashing frame I, deashing frame II can scrape the flue dust on steel pipe, reach the purpose of deashing, this utility model optimizes the structure of furnace, improve heat supply efficiency, save coal.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The following drawings is only intended in the present invention makees schematic description and interpretation, however it is not limited to the scope of the present invention.Wherein,
Fig. 1 is this utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the fire bars in this utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of this utility model deashing frame I;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of this utility model deashing frame II.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to technical characteristic of the present utility model, purpose, effect and embodiment are more clearly understood from, in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described.
nullAs shown in Figures 1 to 4,A kind of energy-saving heating furnace,Including burner hearth 4、Heating room 5 and flue 6,Burner hearth 4、Heating room 5 and flue 6 are cavity body structure,Burner hearth 4、Heating room 5 and flue 6 combination form inner bag 10,Inner bag 10 is outside arranges outer wall 9,Outer wall 9 is also cavity body structure,Space 17 is formed between inner bag 10 and outer wall 9,Burner hearth 4 top arranges crater 15,Crater 15 is provided above stove mouth 18,Between burner hearth 4 and heating room 5, two dividing plates are set,Cavity between two dividing plates forms gap 16,It is respectively provided with fire bars 1 in the burner hearth 4 of both sides, bottom, gap 16 and in heating room 5,The fire bars 1 of both sides, gap 16 is tilted-putted body,Every wing furnace bar 1 typically arranges four,Each fire bars 1 two ends respectively with gap 16、Space 17 connects,The fire bars 1 of both sides, gap 16 is symmetric,And fire bars 1 is higher than fire bars 1 and junction, space 17 with junction, gap 16,The fire bars 1 of homonymy is in the same plane,Gap is left between the fire bars 1 of homonymy,Heating arranges steel pipe 3 in room 5,Typically arrange 5,Trapezoidal distribution,Heating room 5 is provided above flue 6,Between heating room 5 and flue 6, flap 2 is set,Passage 19 is set between crater 15 and flue 6,Passage 19 connects crater 15 and flue 6,Flap 2 is hinged on passage 19 by bull stick 21,Bull stick 21 one end passes outer wall 9,On bull stick 21 outside outer wall 9, handle is set,At least steel pipe 3 is set in passage 19,Steel pipe 3 it is also provided with in flue 6,Typically arrange 3,In angular distribution,Upper of furnace body、Bottom is respectively provided with outlet 12、Water inlet 11,Burner hearth 4 top、Bottom is respectively provided with coal feed point 13、Coal ash groove 14,Coal ash groove 14 is drawer-type structure,Deashing frame I 7 is set in flue 6,Whole deashing frame I 7 is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus I 72 is set in square frame plane,Typically arrange 3,In angular distribution,Connected by steel bar between each annulus I 72,Annulus I 72 all it is cased with on each steel pipe 3 in flue 6,The distributing position of the layout of each annulus I 72 steel pipe 3 each with in flue 6 is corresponding,Annulus I 72 is connected with pull bar I 71,Pull bar I 71 is perpendicular to deashing frame I 7 and passes outer wall 9,Heating arranges deashing frame II 8 in room 5,Whole deashing frame II 8 is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus II 82 is set in square frame plane,Typically arrange 5,Trapezoidal distribution,Connected by steel bar between each annulus II 82,Annulus II 82 all it is cased with on each steel pipe 3 in heating room 5,Arranging of each annulus II 82 is corresponding with the distributing position of each steel pipe 3 in heating room 5,Annulus II 82 is connected with pull bar II 81,Pull bar II 81 is perpendicular to deashing frame II 8 and passes outer wall 9,In addition,Each steel pipe 3 two ends connect with space 17 respectively,Gap 16、Water inlet 11、Outlet 12 also connects with space 17,Heating room 5、Steel pipe 3 in passage 19 and flue 6 is all horizontally disposed with,All steel pipes 3 are vertical with fire bars 1,Pull bar I 71、Pull bar II 81 and bull stick 21 are parallel to all steel pipes 3.
nullThis utility model specifically operates as follows,Due to gap 16、Each fire bars 1、Each steel pipe 3、Water inlet 11、Outlet 12 all connects with space 17,Water inlet 11、Outlet 12 connects with caliduct respectively,In caliduct after topped up with water,Gap 16、Fire bars 1、Water all can be full of in steel pipe 3 and space 17,Heat up water when cooking,Handling the handle on bull stick 21 drives flap 2 to rotate,Flap 2 is made to keep off between heating room 5 and flue 6,Heating room 5 does not connects with flue 6,Passage 19 above burner hearth 4 is connected with flue 6,Pot or kettle are placed on stove mouth 18,Coal cinder burns in filling the burner hearth 4 above fire bars 1,Close coal feed point 13,Open coal ash groove 14 to admit air into,The flame that coal cinder burning produces can heat pot,Temperature gap 16 and the fire bars 1 of burner hearth 4 bottom can also be added,The cigarette discharged or fire,Steel pipe 3 in passage 19 and the steel pipe 3 in flue 6 can be heated,Ensure the heating to caliduct;nullWhen cooking when not heating up water,Furnace is needed to heat,Handling bull stick 21 handle drives flap 2 to rotate,Flap 2 is made to keep off between passage 19 and flue 6,Heating room 5 is connected with flue 6,Passage 19 does not connects with flue 6,Pot or kettle is taken off from stove mouth 18,Bell is covered a part for crater 15,Coal feed point 13 and coal ash groove 14 are all closed,The fire that coal cinder burning produces adds temperature gap 16、The fire bars 1 of burner hearth 4 bottom,Owing to flap 2 has blocked passage 19,Air-flow、Stove fire can not flow to flue 6 by passage 19,And the hot-air in flue 6 upwards arrange so that in heating room 5 in negative pressure state,Stove fire in burner hearth 4 is discharged through flue 6 by entering heating room 5 below burner hearth 4 again,Air is by stove mouth 18、Small part crater 15 port that bell does not covers enters burner hearth 4 oxygen supply burning,The coal so making burner hearth 4 bottom first burns,The coal at middle part is carbonization at low temperature state,The coal on top will not burn,The coal of bottom falls into coal ash groove 14 by the gap between the fire bars 1 of burner hearth 4 bottom after burning completely,The middle part coal in carbonization at low temperature state falls and burns away,The coal on top is fallen middle part and is reached carbonization at low temperature state again,Then proceed to toward burner hearth 4 top stoking,Owing to this process stove fire is walked downwards at burner hearth 4,The fire bars 1 of burner hearth 4 bottom can be directly heated,On burner hearth 4、In、Burning during the coal difference of bottom,Make coal burning more abundant,Outside steel pipe 3 in decapacitation heating flue 6,Can also steel pipe 3 in heating service room 5,Improve heat utilization efficiency,Heat supply efficiency is high,Coal loss is little,Reach energy-conservation purpose.Additionally, annulus I 72 on deashing frame I 7 and the annulus II 82 on deashing frame II 8 are to be enclosed within the steel pipe 3 in flue 6 and heating room 5, when on the steel pipe 3 in flue 6 and heating room 5, flue dust is more, pull pull bar I 71, pull bar II 81 respectively, the flue dust on steel pipe 3 can be scraped fall on coal ash groove 14, reach the purpose of deashing.
In such scheme, the size covering crater 15 by regulating bell controls the size of stove fire.
The foregoing is only the schematic detailed description of the invention of this utility model, be not limited to scope of the present utility model.Any those skilled in the art, the equivalent variations made, revises and combines on the premise of without departing from design of the present utility model and principle, without departing from spirit of the present utility model, all should belong to the scope of this utility model protection.

Claims (4)

1. an energy-saving heating furnace, including burner hearth, heating room and flue, it is characterized in that: between burner hearth and heating room, be provided with dividing plate, in the burner hearth of the lower partition both sides and heating indoor are respectively provided with at least one fire bars, heating room is provided above flue, flap is set between heating room and flue, in heating room and flue, is respectively provided with at least one steel pipe.
nullA kind of energy-saving heating furnace the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that: described burner hearth、Heating room and flue are cavity body structure,Burner hearth、Heating room and flue combination form inner bag,Outer wall is set outside inner bag,Outer wall is also cavity body structure,Space is formed between inner bag and outer wall,Deashing frame I is set in flue,Whole deashing frame I is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus I is set in square frame plane,Connected by steel bar between each annulus I,The distributing position of the layout steel pipe each with in flue of each annulus I is corresponding,Annulus I is connected with pull bar I,Pull bar I is perpendicular to deashing frame I and passes outer wall,Heating indoor arrange deashing frame II,Whole deashing frame II is the square frame being made up of steel bar,Annulus II is set in square frame plane,Connected by steel bar between each annulus II,Arranging of each annulus II is corresponding with the distributing position of indoor each steel pipe of warming oneself,Annulus II is connected with pull bar II,Pull bar II is perpendicular to deashing frame II and passes outer wall.
3. according to a kind of energy-saving heating furnace described in claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterized in that: described roof of the furnace arranges crater, crater is provided above stove mouth, passage is set between crater and flue, channel connection crater and flue, at least one steel pipe is set in passage, flap is hinged on passage by bull stick, bull stick one end passes outer wall, on the bull stick of outer exterior wall, handle is set, upper of furnace body, bottom are respectively provided with outlet, water inlet, and upper furnace, bottom are respectively provided with coal feed point, coal ash groove, and coal ash groove is drawer-type structure.
4. according to a kind of energy-saving heating furnace described in claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterized in that: the dividing plate arranged between described burner hearth and heating room is two, and the cavity that two between dividing plate forms gap, the fire bars of both sides, gap is tilted-putted body, each fire bars two ends connect with gap, space respectively, the fire bars of both sides, gap is symmetric, and fire bars is higher than fire bars and junction, space with gap junctions, the fire bars of homonymy is in the same plane, leaves gap between the fire bars of homonymy.
CN201620476725.2U 2016-05-24 2016-05-24 Energy -conserving hot air heater Expired - Fee Related CN205641005U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620476725.2U CN205641005U (en) 2016-05-24 2016-05-24 Energy -conserving hot air heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620476725.2U CN205641005U (en) 2016-05-24 2016-05-24 Energy -conserving hot air heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205641005U true CN205641005U (en) 2016-10-12

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ID=57055674

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620476725.2U Expired - Fee Related CN205641005U (en) 2016-05-24 2016-05-24 Energy -conserving hot air heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205641005U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766143A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-05-31 宋宏达 The two-sided lower smoke civil boiler of four circulations

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106766143A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-05-31 宋宏达 The two-sided lower smoke civil boiler of four circulations

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161012

Termination date: 20170524