CN106287820A - Power air-supply energy-saving heating stove - Google Patents

Power air-supply energy-saving heating stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106287820A
CN106287820A CN201610961767.XA CN201610961767A CN106287820A CN 106287820 A CN106287820 A CN 106287820A CN 201610961767 A CN201610961767 A CN 201610961767A CN 106287820 A CN106287820 A CN 106287820A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
flue
heater
supply arrangement
burner hearth
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Granted
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CN201610961767.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106287820B (en
Inventor
周鹏
吕墨
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CHANGYANG QINGJIANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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CHANGYANG QINGJIANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Publication of CN106287820A publication Critical patent/CN106287820A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove, body of heater, burner hearth it is provided with in body of heater, grate it is provided with in burner hearth, forming flue between burner hearth and body of heater, the air inlet of burner hearth separates with flue, and flue is connected with smoke exhaust pipe, the blast pipe of smoke exhaust pipe and the first air-supply arrangement connects, and the exhaust duct of the first air-supply arrangement is connected with chimney.Preferably, being provided with secondary air device at the top of burner hearth, described secondary air device has the cavity of an annular, and the inwall of cavity is provided with multiple spray orifice, and the exhaust duct of cavity and the second air-supply arrangement connects, and the blast pipe of the second air-supply arrangement is directly and air communication.By the air-supply arrangement arranged, improve negative pressure in burner hearth, and then improve the interior intake participating in burning of burner hearth, thus reduce the requirement to warming stove chimney, and the exit flue of building can be used as chimney.The present invention also simplify the structure of secondary air device, improves the effect of secondary air device auxiliary combustion.

Description

Power air-supply energy-saving heating stove
Technical field
The present invention relates to Domestic stove for air-heating field, particularly a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove.
Background technology
In rural area, there are substantial amounts of straw and timber, if the most serious haze weather can be caused with regard to low burning.And these straw Stalk and timber are the preferable fuel of Domestic stove for air-heating, compare air-conditioning with straw with the timber Domestic stove for air-heating as fuel, electric heating takes The expense of warm coal gas heating is lower, and experience is the most preferable.
Domestic stove for air-heating currently mainly has two kinds of structures, a kind of referred to as air return stove, including body of heater, is provided with burner hearth in body of heater, The body of heater position of roof of the furnace is provided with banking fire sisc, between burner hearth and body of heater constitute a flue, then after high-temperature flue gas pass through It is then exhausted from after flue in chimney, owing to having the process of a heat exchange, therefore, it is possible to make full use of waste heat, has saved fuel. Such as Chinese patent literature CN 201339969 discloses a kind of cone-roof double-bridge heating furnace.Including body of heater (12), chimney (17) and Base (18), it is characterised in that: it is provided with wood stove bridge (9) or coal stove bridge (10) in burner hearth (11), is provided with detachable in burner hearth (11) Internal furnace (13), be provided with in flue (7) ignition flue (14) and ignition valve (6), body of heater (12) is arranged over sloped footing (4), body of heater (12) lower section is provided with mouth of banking up a fire (15) and activity ash disposal mouth (16).This warming stove, is provided with wood stove bridge in burner hearth Or coal stove bridge, by changing different grate, such that it is able to use bavin standing grain, coal cinder or the honeycomb briquette of diameter 200MM specification, at burner hearth Internal furnace is inside set and can use the honeycomb briquette of diameter 120MM specification.By being provided above sloped footing at body of heater, make base and Various cookware base energy better seals, prevent flue dust from entering indoor.The ignition flue arranged in flue and valve of getting angry, can subtract The flue dust produced when getting angry less.Flue dust is reduced by being provided above a transportable smoke seal dish at burner hearth.Below body of heater It is provided with bank up a fire mouth and activity ash disposal mouth, burner hearth air can be reduced by closedown and enter, thus extend fuel combustion time.But Being that this structure exists fuel combustion not sufficiently problem, chimney easily blocks.
Another kind of structure is gasification furnace, have employed special double-deck burner hearth, arrange gasification at the top of burner hearth in this structure Hole, double-deck burner hearth and air communication, it is achieved from gasification hole secondary air inlet, thus realize, at stockhole, flue gas is carried out secondary combustion Burn, it is possible to reduce the flammable volatile matter in flue gas, the gas such as carbon monoxide, improve the calorific value of fuel, thus save fuel, such as Chinese patent literature CN205037359 discloses the secondary air coal and firewood two purpose energy-saving heating stove of a kind of hiding flue ash discharging hole, Including stove seat assembly, body of heater assembly, combustor assembly and boiler face assembly, it is characterised in that: described body of heater assembly is located at stove seat Above assembly, combustor assembly be located in body of heater assembly, boiler face assembly is located at above body of heater assembly, and each assembly all uses split to tie Structure, and be bolted;Described stove seat assembly includes stove seat (1), grate bearing and air door seam body (2), throttle lever Seam body (20) and ash bucket (21), it is interior that stove seat (1) is located at by ash bucket (21), can take off, and grate bearing and air door seam body (2) are located at Plane on stove seat (1) top board, throttle lever seam body (20) is located at stove seat (1) top board lower plane, throttle lever seam body (20) On handle be positioned at stove seat (1) top board side;Described body of heater assembly includes flue (9), lid pyrosphere (13) and body of heater (19), cigarette The side of body of heater (19) is located in road (9), is provided with baking box (7) and flue door (8) in flue (9), and flue (9) top is provided with and discharges fume The smoke pipe interface (11) that pipe connects, flue (9) is separated into upper and lower floss hole by flue door (8), and body of heater (19) opposite side is provided with life Biomass fuel entrance (18), biomass fuel entrance (18) place is provided with fire door (17), and lid pyrosphere (13) is located at body of heater (19) top; Described combustor assembly includes secondary air sleeve (4), internal furnace (5), fire clay lining (6), secondary air cap (15), stove Gallbladder cap (16), is provided with grate (3) and grate bracket attachments (22) bottom combustor assembly, combustor assembly is located at by flue cap (16) Top, secondary air cap (15) is located at flue cap (16) outward.Combustor combined structure design makes warming stove can be used for coal, bavin two kinds Fuel, the secondary air device in combustor can realize secondary afterburning, make burning more abundant, it is thus achieved that more heats, passes through flue The return air door of interior setting, it is achieved return air heat exchange, improves heating effect;The hiding design of flue ash discharging hole, it is to avoid secondary pollution.But It is that it is complex that existing gasification furnace all exists structure, the problem that production cost is high, and the effect of secondary air all relies on stove Reduced pressure in thorax, it is therefore desirable to have higher chimney height, and bigger Diameter of chimney.
In prior art, height and diameter to chimney all require, and such as height must not be less than 2.2 meters, and diameter wants big In 12cm, bending part can not more than two, otherwise can cause difficulty of lighting a fire, fuel combustion is insufficient and after burning, flue gas enters The problem entering indoor.
The warming stove of above two structure, is required to use the chimney for smoke evacuation, and has the specification of chimney accordingly Requirement, such as, need the height that bending part is few, enough, the thickest diameter, and otherwise the negative pressure in burner hearth is not enough, then flue gas holds Easily pour in down a chimney to indoor, burn the most insufficient.Therefore, during urbanization, both warming stoves are the most less useful in building and make With.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove, it is possible to overcome existing family With the warming stove requirement to chimney, it is possible to using the exit flue of building as chimney, enable warming stove to make under the conditions of building With.Preferably in scheme, it is possible on the premise of not affecting burning, the length of prolongation body of heater inner flue further, further, The wind speed of secondary air can be improved, promote the temperature of roof of the furnace flame, to make flammable point of abundant combustion in flue gas further Burn, improve efficiency of combustion.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove, stove Body, is provided with burner hearth in body of heater, be provided with grate in burner hearth, forms flue between burner hearth and body of heater, the air inlet of burner hearth and flue every Opening, flue is connected with smoke exhaust pipe, and the blast pipe of smoke exhaust pipe and the first air-supply arrangement connects, the exhaust duct of the first air-supply arrangement and cigarette Chimney connects.
Preferably in scheme, being provided with secondary air device at the top of burner hearth, described secondary air device has a ring The cavity of shape, the inwall of cavity is provided with multiple spray orifice, and the exhaust duct of cavity and the second air-supply arrangement connects, the second air-supply arrangement Blast pipe is directly and air communication.
Preferably in scheme, being provided with secondary air device at the top of burner hearth, in described secondary air device, body is curved Making annular, the two ends of body are tightly connected with tee pipe coupling, and tee pipe coupling is by tee pipe coupling and the second air-supply dress The exhaust duct put, the blast pipe of the second air-supply arrangement is directly and air communication;
Inwall at body is provided with multiple spray orifice, and the outer wall of body is provided with overlap joint ring, for being overlapped on the top of wood stove thorax.
Preferably in scheme, the first described air-supply arrangement and the second air-supply arrangement are connected with the output shaft of motor simultaneously.
Preferably in scheme, the diameter of the second air-supply arrangement is less than the diameter of the first air-supply arrangement.
Preferably in scheme, in the second described air-supply arrangement and the first air-supply arrangement, in housing, it is provided with turbine rotor, whirlpool Wheel rotor is provided with the blade of many bending tablets, and the outer end of blade bends towards direction of rotation, blast pipe and exhaust duct respectively with housing Outer rim connection.
Preferably in scheme, in the second described air-supply arrangement, being provided with turbine rotor in housing, turbine rotor is provided with many The blade of bending tablet, the outer end of blade bends towards direction of rotation, and blast pipe connects with the outer rim of housing respectively with exhaust duct;
In the first described air-supply arrangement, it is provided with the turbine blade that the center of circle with water ring housing is eccentric in water ring housing, at water ring Be provided with liquid medium in housing, the top of water ring housing be provided with blast pipe and exhaust duct, blast pipe and exhaust duct respectively with water ring The air inlet of housing sidewall connects with exhaust outlet.
Preferably in scheme, being provided with straight pipe between blast pipe and the exhaust duct of the first air-supply arrangement, straight pipe is provided with Gate valve.
Preferably in scheme, in body of heater, it is provided with vertical clapboard, vertical clapboard is provided with smoke through hole, the flue of body of heater is separated Become labyrinth structure, make flue distance extend.
Preferably in scheme, in body of heater, it is provided with vertical clapboard and waste-heat box, vertical clapboard is provided with smoke through hole;
Constitute top flue between roof of the furnace and body of heater top inner wall, between burner hearth and inboard wall of furnace body and vertical clapboard, constitute first The second flue is constituted, between top and the inboard wall of furnace body of waste-heat box between flue, inboard wall of furnace body and vertical clapboard and waste-heat box outer wall Constituting cigarette channel, and constituted the 3rd flue between waste-heat box outer wall and inboard wall of furnace body, smoke exhaust pipe is positioned at the bottom of body of heater;
Top flue and the connection of the first flue, the first flue is connected by smoke through hole and the second flue, and the second flue leads to crossing cigarette Road connects, and crosses cigarette channel and the connection of the 3rd flue, and the 3rd flue connects with smoke exhaust pipe;
Be provided with air inlet ash discharge chamber in the bottom of burner hearth, air inlet ash discharge chamber separates with the inner chamber of body of heater, is provided with at air inlet ash discharge intracavity Ash bucket.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove that the present invention provides, by the air-supply arrangement arranged, improves negative pressure in burner hearth, And then in raising burner hearth, participate in the intake burnt, and reducing the requirement to warming stove chimney, existing chimney height requires to be higher than 2.2 meters, the burning of fuel can be affected less than this height, and make flue gas enter indoor, use air-supply arrangement to overcome this and ask Topic.Can also directly use the exit flue of building as chimney.It also is able to extend the length of flue, thus adds heat-transfer surface Long-pending, the heat making fuel combustion produce is fully utilized.Use by motor-driven first air-supply arrangement and the second air-supply Device, it is possible to while taking out negative pressure, to secondary air air feed, while improving efficiency of combustion, reduces energy consumption.Employing is sent After wind apparatus, it is also possible to simplify the structure of whole warming stove, such as without additionally arranging ignition switch.The present invention also simplify The structure of secondary air device, improves the effect of secondary air device auxiliary combustion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic front view of another optional structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of air-supply arrangement in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the preferred structure schematic diagram of air-supply arrangement in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the optional structural representation of air-supply arrangement in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is another optional structural representation of air-supply arrangement in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the close-up schematic view of secondary air device in the present invention.
In figure: body of heater 1, top flue 101, the first flue 102, vertical clapboard 103, diaphragm plate 104, the second flue 105, the Three flues 106, secondary air device 2, body 21, spray orifice 22, tee pipe coupling 23, connecting tube 24, overlap joint ring 25, wood stove thorax 3, Coal stove thorax 4, brushwood inlet 5, grate 6, ash bucket 7, air inlet ash discharge chamber 8, smoke through hole 9, smoke exhaust pipe 10, waste-heat box 11, the second air-supply dress Put 12, the first air-supply arrangement 13, exhaust outlet 130, motor 131, blast pipe 132, exhaust duct 133, housing 134, turbine rotor 135, turbine blade 136, water ring housing 137, liquid medium 138, air inlet 139, grate support 14, stove envelope 15, desktop 16, directly Siphunculus 17.
Detailed description of the invention
In Fig. 1 ~ 8, a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove, body of heater 1, it is provided with burner hearth in body of heater 1, in the position of roof of the furnace The body of heater 1 put is provided with banking fire sisc, is provided with grate 6 in burner hearth;Preferably, below grate 6, it is provided with single air inlet ash discharge chamber 8, It is provided with ash bucket 7 in air inlet ash discharge chamber 8, if necessary, is additionally provided with the device of auxiliary deashing in the position of grate 6, for example with Rotating grate structure, sees the record in Chinese patent literature CN205037359, grate 6 and rotating parts solid Fixed connect, realize the effect of lime-ash in clearing furnace by the rotation of grate, or be provided with between the bridge tooth of grate and can turn Dynamic toothed bar, realizes the effect of lime-ash in clearing furnace by the rotation of bar.
Forming flue between burner hearth and body of heater 1, the bottom air inlet of burner hearth separates with flue, it is preferred that see in Fig. 1, Burner hearth includes wood stove thorax 3 and coal stove thorax 4, and wood stove thorax 3 generally uses cast iron or iron pipe part to make, and the sidewall of wood stove thorax 3 is provided with Opening, brushwood inlet 5 connects through body of heater 1 with wood stove thorax 3, brushwood inlet 5 be provided with can the door of folding, the fuel such as Radix Platycodonis and faggot is equal Adding in wood stove thorax 3 by brushwood inlet 5, now grate 6 needs to be arranged on higher position, have employed stove the most in this example The structure of bridge bracket 14, with by padded for grate 6, makes grate 6 be located substantially at the lower position near brushwood inlet 5;Grate support 14 A preferably ring-type structure, ring-type structure is connected with several legs, as shown in Figure 3.
When needs are using coal as fuel, then take out grate support 14, make grate 6 be supported in the position bottom wood stove thorax 3 Putting, put into coal stove thorax 4 in wood stove thorax 3, coal stove thorax 4 generally uses fire clay material, and concrete structure is as shown in Figure 1, 2.
Flue is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 10, and at Fig. 1, in 3, smoke exhaust pipe 10 is arranged on the bottom through body of heater 1, but based on The facility arranged, or extend whole flue, increasing the purpose of heat transfer effect, smoke exhaust pipe 10 can also be arranged on other positions Put, such as, through the tip position of body of heater, medium position, it is also possible to be not passed through body of heater, be directly connected with the outer wall of body of heater.Will row Smoke pipe 10 is provided through in body of heater, is conducive to improving further the effect of heat exchange, makes the bottom of body of heater fully heat.
Smoke exhaust pipe 10 is connected with the blast pipe 132 of the first air-supply arrangement 13, the exhaust duct 133 of the first air-supply arrangement 13 and cigarette Chimney connects.Chimney herein includes the exit flue of building.Due to the existence of the first air-supply arrangement 13, therefore the present invention is for cigarette The structural requirement of chimney is the highest, power the mode blown, and makes burner hearth, can keep enough including in wood stove thorax 3 and coal stove thorax 4 Negative pressure so that the full combustion of fuel in burner hearth, such as Fig. 1, as shown in 3.
Preferably scheme sees in Fig. 1,3,8, is provided with secondary air device 2, described secondary air at the top of burner hearth Device 2 has the cavity of an annular, and the inwall of cavity is provided with the spray orifice 22 of multiple sensing stockhole, cavity and the second air-supply arrangement The exhaust duct 133 of 12 connects, and the blast pipe of the second air-supply arrangement 12 132 is directly and air communication.Optionally, annular cavity by Two parts form, and two-part fastening up and down forms an annular housing substantially sealed, and fastening structure is the most not shown, including The position of side, is provided with tooth, forms multiple spray orifice in this position after fastening, owing to using the second air-supply arrangement 12, and herein can shape Becoming air-flow more at a high speed, after tested, at this, the temperature of flame can reach 1100 DEG C, and temperature measuring device uses infrared thermometry Instrument.
Further preferred scheme such as Fig. 1, in 3,8, it is provided with secondary air device 2, described secondary at the top of burner hearth In air-intake device 2, body 21 is bent into annular, and the two ends of body 21 are tightly connected with tee pipe coupling 23, tee pipe coupling 23 By tee pipe coupling 23 and the exhaust duct 133 of the second air-supply arrangement 12, the blast pipe 132 of the second air-supply arrangement 12 is directly with empty Gas connects;
Inwall at body 21 is provided with multiple spray orifice 22, and the outer wall of body 21 is provided with overlap joint ring 25, for being overlapped on wood stove thorax 3 Top.Thus structure, simplifies the processing structure of secondary air device 2, particularly without using double-deck furnace of the prior art The structure of thorax, significantly reduces processing cost, improves working (machining) efficiency, also allows for the replacing of spare and accessory parts.Due to this structure, hold very much Be easy to do higher sealing effectiveness, therefore, it is possible to form air-flow more at a high speed, after tested, uses this structure, flame temperature energy Enough reach 1150 DEG C.
Preferably scheme such as Fig. 4, in 5, with motor 131 while of the first described air-supply arrangement 13 and the second air-supply arrangement 12 Output shaft connect.Thus structure, can realize convulsion and air-supply simultaneously with a motor, and efficiency is high, and energy consumption is low, according to burner hearth Internal diameter, the motor in this example uses the motor of 30W ~ 250W.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 5, the diameter of the second air-supply arrangement 12 is less than the diameter of the first air-supply arrangement 13.Thus tie Structure, makes to match with Actual combustion demand between convulsion air quantity and air-supply air quantity, i.e. convulsion air quantity is greater than air-supply air quantity, with really Protect primary combustion and have enough air feed air quantity.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 6, in the second described air-supply arrangement 12 and the first air-supply arrangement 13, set in housing 134 Having turbine rotor 135, turbine rotor 135 to be provided with the blade of many bending tablets, the outer end of blade bends towards direction of rotation, blast pipe 132 connect with the outer rim of housing respectively with exhaust duct 133.Thus structure, along with the high speed rotating of turbine rotor 135, rotating speed exists 1500 ~ 3000 revs/min, under centrifugal action, air accelerates inside the edge of housing repeatedly, thus with higher speed Discharge from exhaust duct 133.Use this structure, it is possible to realize higher blast.
Preferably scheme such as Fig. 6, in 7, in the second described air-supply arrangement 12, in housing 134, be provided with turbine rotor 135, Turbine rotor 135 is provided with the blade of many bending tablets, and the outer end of blade bends towards direction of rotation, blast pipe 132 and exhaust duct 133 Connect with the outer rim of housing respectively;
In the first described air-supply arrangement 13, in water ring housing 137, it is provided with the turbine blade that the center of circle with water ring housing 137 is eccentric 136, in water ring housing 137, it is provided with liquid medium 138, the top of water ring housing 137 is provided with blast pipe and exhaust duct, blast pipe Connect with air inlet 139 and the exhaust outlet 130 of water ring housing 137 sidewall respectively with exhaust duct.Use the structure of water ring, it is possible to carry High sealing degree, it is possible to improve the negative pressure in burner hearth further, and the liquid medium 138 in water ring housing 137 also has cooling Effect with lubrication.Owing to turbine blade 136 is eccentric with the center of circle of water ring housing 137, when turbine blade 136 high speed rotating, Liquid medium 138 gets rid of the inner wall edge to water ring housing 137 under centrifugal action, along with the rotation of turbine blade 136, blade Between cavity volume constantly change, thus the gas at air inlet 139 is sucked, and discharges from exhaust outlet 130, this example In liquid medium 138 use water, additionally it is possible to purify the dust in combustion product gases, reduce exhaust emission, by often changing liquid Body medium 138, also ensure that the service life of air-supply arrangement.
In further preferred scheme such as Fig. 1, it is provided with between blast pipe 132 and the exhaust duct 133 of the first air-supply arrangement 13 Straight pipe 17, straight pipe 17 is provided with gate valve.When needing the burning time extending fuel, air-supply arrangement can be closed, now Extract gate valve out, straight pipe 17 is opened such that it is able to reduce the air quantity of air intake.
Preferably in scheme, in body of heater 1, it is provided with vertical clapboard 103, vertical clapboard 103 is provided with smoke through hole 9, by body of heater 1 Flue be separated into labyrinth structure, make flue distance extend.Thus structure, improves heat transfer effect, after making full use of fuel combustion The heat produced.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1 ~ 3, in body of heater 1, it is provided with vertical clapboard 103 and waste-heat box 11, vertical clapboard 103 sets There is smoke through hole 9;
Top flue 101 is constituted, between burner hearth and body of heater 1 inwall and vertical clapboard 103 between roof of the furnace and body of heater 1 top inner wall Constitute and between the first flue 102, body of heater 1 inwall and vertical clapboard 103 and waste-heat box 11 outer wall, constitute the second flue 105, waste-heat box Constitute cigarette channel between top and body of heater 1 inwall of 11, between waste-heat box 11 outer wall and body of heater 1 inwall, constitute the 3rd flue 106, smoke exhaust pipe 10 is positioned at the bottom of body of heater 1;
Top flue 101 connects with the first flue 102, and the first flue 102 is connected with the second flue 105 by smoke through hole 9, and second Flue 105 connects with crossing cigarette channel, crosses cigarette channel and the 3rd flue 106 connects, and the 3rd flue 106 connects with smoke exhaust pipe 10;
Be provided with air inlet ash discharge chamber 8 in the bottom of burner hearth, air inlet ash discharge chamber 8 separates with the inner chamber of body of heater 1, in air inlet ash discharge chamber 8 It is provided with ash bucket 7, by the extraction ash bucket of part, it is also possible to the intake in regulation burner hearth.Preferably, ash bucket 7 is provided with air inlet Hole, thus ash bucket need not be extracted out.
During use, in burner hearth, put into fuel, send into fire-lighter, enable the first air-supply arrangement 13, utilize negative pressure to make burner hearth Interior air intake, wind enters in air inlet ash discharge chamber 8, and pilot fuel enables the second air-supply arrangement 12, makes the part volatile matter in fuel And carbon monoxide fully burns, the high-temperature flue gas after burning enters the first flue 102 through top flue 101, at the first cigarette Being provided with diaphragm plate 104 in road 102, so that high-temperature flue gas is around the direction to brushwood inlet 5, this structure makes temperature temperature on body of heater It is evenly distributed, it is to avoid body of heater rear portion is hotter, and the situation that front portion is colder.The flue gas of the first flue 102 enters into from smoke through hole 9 In two flues 105, make waste-heat box 11 heat, can be used to add hot food in waste-heat box 11, such as roast potato, Radix Ipomoeae and steamed bread, May also be used for hot water, such as heating dish water or laundry water.The high-temperature flue gas of the second flue 105 is from waste-heat box 11 top and stove Gap between internal wall enters in the 3rd flue 106, is then passed through smoke exhaust pipe 10 and is drained in the first air-supply arrangement 13, warp It is drained in the exit flue in building from the exhaust duct 133 of the first air-supply arrangement 13 after crossing acceleration.The structure of the present invention, eliminates The structure of ignition switch, also eliminates the structure of base, it is simple to processing.Simplify the structure of secondary air device.Improve combustion Burn efficiency.The defect of the warming stove before overcoming, enable main with Radix Platycodonis faggot and coal the warming stove as fuel in building The structure in room uses.Heating energy consumption is lower compared with electricity consumption, natural gas.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as the restriction for the present invention, this Shen Embodiment in please and the feature in embodiment, can mutual combination in any in the case of not conflicting.The protection model of the present invention Enclose the technical scheme should recorded with claim, including the equivalent side of technical characteristic in the technical scheme that claim is recorded Case is protection domain.Equivalent the most in this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a power air-supply energy-saving heating stove, body of heater (1), body of heater is provided with burner hearth in (1), is provided with grate (6), burner hearth in burner hearth And forming flue between body of heater (1), the air inlet of burner hearth separates with flue, it is characterized in that: flue is connected with smoke exhaust pipe (10), row Smoke pipe (10) is connected with the blast pipe (132) of the first air-supply arrangement (13), the exhaust duct (133) of the first air-supply arrangement (13) and cigarette Chimney connects.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with secondary at the top of burner hearth Air-intake device (2), described secondary air device (2) has the cavity of an annular, and the inwall of cavity is provided with multiple spray orifice (22), The exhaust duct (133) of cavity and the second air-supply arrangement (12) connects, and the blast pipe (132) of the second air-supply arrangement (12) is directly with empty Gas connects.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with secondary at the top of burner hearth Air-intake device (2), in described secondary air device (2), body (21) is bent into annular, the two ends of body (21) and tee T Joint (23) is tightly connected, and tee pipe coupling (23) is by the exhaust duct of tee pipe coupling (23) with the second air-supply arrangement (12) (133), the blast pipe (132) of the second air-supply arrangement (12) is directly and air communication;
Inwall at body (21) is provided with multiple spray orifice (22), and the outer wall of body (21) is provided with overlap joint ring (25), is used for being overlapped on The top of wood stove thorax (3).
4. according to a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove described in Claims 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the first described air-supply dress Put (13) and the second air-supply arrangement (12) is connected with the output shaft of motor (131) simultaneously.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the second air-supply arrangement (12) straight Footpath is less than the diameter of the first air-supply arrangement (13).
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the second described air-supply arrangement (12) in and the first air-supply arrangement (13), being provided with turbine rotor (135) in housing (134), turbine rotor (135) is provided with multi-disc The blade of bending, the outer end of blade bends towards direction of rotation, blast pipe (132) and exhaust duct (133) respectively with the outer rim of housing Connection.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the second described air-supply arrangement (12) in, being provided with turbine rotor (135) in housing (134), turbine rotor (135) is provided with the blade of many bending tablets, blade Outer end bends towards direction of rotation, and blast pipe (132) connects with the outer rim of housing respectively with exhaust duct (133);
In described the first air-supply arrangement (13), in water ring housing (137), it is provided with the water that the center of circle with water ring housing (137) is eccentric Impeller blade (136), is provided with liquid medium (138) in water ring housing (137), and the top of water ring housing (137) is provided with blast pipe With exhaust duct, blast pipe and exhaust duct connect with air inlet (139) and the exhaust outlet (130) of water ring housing (137) sidewall respectively.
8., according to a kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove described in claim 1 ~ 3,6 ~ 7 any one, it is characterized in that: the first air-supply Being provided with straight pipe (17) between blast pipe (132) and the exhaust duct (133) of device (13), straight pipe (17) is provided with gate valve.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: be provided with perpendicular in body of heater (1) Dividing plate (103), is provided with smoke through hole (9) on vertical clapboard (103), and the flue of body of heater (1) is separated into labyrinth structure, make flue away from From prolongation.
A kind of power air-supply energy-saving heating stove the most according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: be provided with in body of heater (1) Vertical clapboard (103) and waste-heat box (11), be provided with smoke through hole (9) on vertical clapboard (103);
Top flue (101), burner hearth and body of heater (1) inwall and vertical clapboard is constituted between roof of the furnace and body of heater (1) top inner wall (103) constitute the first flue (102) between, between body of heater (1) inwall and vertical clapboard (103) and waste-heat box (11) outer wall, constitute the Two flues (105), constituted cigarette channel, waste-heat box (11) outer wall and stove between top and body of heater (1) inwall of waste-heat box (11) Constituting the 3rd flue (106) between body (1) inwall, smoke exhaust pipe (10) is positioned at the bottom of body of heater (1);
Top flue (101) connects with the first flue (102), and the first flue (102) is by smoke through hole (9) and the second flue (105) connection, the second flue (105) connects with crossing cigarette channel, crosses cigarette channel and the connection of the 3rd flue (106), the 3rd flue (106) connect with smoke exhaust pipe (10);
Be provided with air inlet ash discharge chamber (8) in the bottom of burner hearth, air inlet ash discharge chamber (8) separates with the inner chamber of body of heater (1), in air inlet ash discharge Ash bucket (7) it is provided with in chamber (8).
CN201610961767.XA 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Power air-supply energy-saving heating stove Active CN106287820B (en)

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CN202350098U (en) * 2011-10-17 2012-07-25 成松林 Efficient and energy-saving environment-friendly furnace stove
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