CN206448809U - Pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine - Google Patents

Pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206448809U
CN206448809U CN201621457356.9U CN201621457356U CN206448809U CN 206448809 U CN206448809 U CN 206448809U CN 201621457356 U CN201621457356 U CN 201621457356U CN 206448809 U CN206448809 U CN 206448809U
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China
Prior art keywords
arm
anchor
frame
oil cylinder
drill
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CN201621457356.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王帅
杨春海
王学成
秦国强
刘子靖
郎艳
王传武
岳晓虎
周建龙
白雪峰
马昭
贾少山
王炳效
高伟
杨哲勇
王本林
吴晋军
王瑶
秦彦凯
陈露
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Taiyuan Institute of China Coal Technology and Engineering Group
Shanxi Tiandi Coal Mining Machinery Co Ltd
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Taiyuan Institute of China Coal Technology and Engineering Group
Shanxi Tiandi Coal Mining Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621457356.9U priority Critical patent/CN206448809U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to excavation face in coal mine equipment technical field, to solve digging device, gib is equipped, Anchor Care is equipped, the integrated technical problem of drilling equipment, there is provided one kind pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, including frame, frame lower is left walking mechanism and right walking mechanism, upper rack is left anchor drill system and right anchor drill system, it is cutting mechanism above frame front, lower section is loader mechanism, cutting mechanism top is temporary support device, central rack is protection assembly and operating system, frame rear portion side is electrical system, opposite side is hydraulic system and water system, in frame, rear portion is transport establishment.The utility model compact conformation, it is highly integrated, available for a range of probing in front of underground coal mine coal road, the speedy drivage of half-coal rock roadway and total rock tunnel and the gib of driving face, comprehensive bolt and cable anchor supporting and working face, realize that pick, branch, anchor, brill are worked continuously, improve drilling depth efficiency.

Description

Pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to excavation face in coal mine equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of pick, branch, anchor, brill one Formula fully-mechanized digging machine.
Background technology
In underground coal mine driving face, driving, gib, Anchor Care, probing imbalance are that restriction underground is tunneled always The principal element that production efficiency is improved, major part fully mechanized workface pick at present, branch, anchor, brill time scale imbalance, tunnels lane mostly Road uses artificial supporting, anchoring, drilling operation, and driving, gib, Anchor Care, drilling equipment separation, i.e. driving face are dug Enter after machine completes laneway molding cut and retreat machine, manually empty top zone is propped up temporarily first by hydraulic prop Shield, then permanent support is carried out, it is necessary to when exploring again to top plate, lateral wall with monomer hydraulic roof-bolter, pneumatic roof-bolter or wind coal borer Drilled after monomer hydraulic exploratory drilling rig to be carried to assembling of meeting head on, next circulation is then carried out again.Whole process support apparatus, Anchor Care equipment, drilling equipment need artificial reciprocal carrying, dismounting, and support work amount is big, and labor intensity is high, mechanization, automation Degree is low.The Anchor Care time accounts for the 2/3 of tunnel total engineering time, has had a strong impact on the Homes Using TV of development machine and the drilling depth of development end Speed.Therefore how development machine to be equipped, gib equipment, Anchor Care equipment, drilling equipment effective integration are integrated, effectively carried High Anchor Care operating efficiency is the technical barrier that current high yield and high efficiency mine faces.
The content of the invention
The utility model is asked to solve the integrated technology of digging device, gib equipment, Anchor Care equipment, drilling equipment There is provided a kind of pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine for topic.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, including frame, cutting mechanism, loader mechanism, transport establishment, left lateral Walk mechanism, right walking mechanism, electrical system, water system, temporary support device, left anchor drill system, right anchor drill system, hydraulic pressure system System, protection assembly and operating system, the described frame lower left and right sides is respectively left walking mechanism and right walking mechanism, frame The top left and right sides is respectively left anchor drill system and right anchor drill system, and frame front top is cutting mechanism, and lower section is loading machine Structure, cutting mechanism top is temporary support device, and central rack is protection assembly and operating system, and frame rear portion side is electric System, opposite side is hydraulic system and water system, in frame, rear portion be transport establishment.
Described left anchor drill system, right anchor drill system include drilling machine components, expansion mechanism, screw hydraulic oil cylinder, rail respectively Road, telescopic arm, base arm, telescopic oil cylinder, precise roller chain component, hoist cylinder I, towing chain device, oscillating oil cylinder, pedestal, driving Device and expansion oil cylinder;The track is provided with drive device, precise roller chain component and is capable of the pedestal that relative orbit is slided, The two ends of precise roller chain component are connected with pedestal, and drive device driving precise roller chain component drives pedestal to slide in orbit Dynamic, the side of pedestal is provided with towing chain device, and opposite side is provided with cat ladder component, pedestal and is hinged base arm, and lifting is provided below in base arm Oil cylinder I, hoist cylinder I one end is connected with base arm, and the other end is hinged with pedestal, and the side of base arm sets oscillating oil cylinder, swings One end of oil cylinder is connected with base arm, and the other end is hinged with pedestal, telescopic arm is provided with base arm, telescopic arm is by being arranged in base arm Telescopic oil cylinder is driven, and one end of telescopic oil cylinder is fixed in base arm, one end connection of the other end and telescopic arm, telescopic arm it is another End is connected with one end of screw hydraulic oil cylinder, and the other end of screw hydraulic oil cylinder is connected with expansion mechanism, and expansion mechanism is provided with Drilling machine components, drilling machine components are connected by expansion hydraulic oil cylinder driving.
Described temporary support device includes base, hoist cylinder II, two-stage telescopic cylinder, one-level arm, two grades of arms, three-levels Arm, cross hinge, secondary support frame and main backstop;One-level arm is hinged with described base, one-level arm is provided with two grades of arms, two grades Arm is provided with three-level arm, and main backstop is connected by cross hinge with three-level arm, auxiliary connection support frame on main backstop, described one Level arm is by hoist cylinder II drive connections, and hoist cylinder II one end is connected with one-level arm, and the other end is hinged with base, described Two grades of arms, three-level arms are by two-stage telescopic cylinder drive connection.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:The integrated rear fully-mechanized digging machine complete machine structure of the utility model is novel, effectively controls complete machine Highly, adapt to drift section scope wide, the different shape such as rectangle, arch, trapezoidal, special-shaped tunnel can be met, for various Speedy drivage, the immediate support for empty top zone of meeting head on, tunneling boring Anchor Care and the work of coal road, half-coal rock roadway or rock gangway under the conditions of matter The a range of probing in side in front.The utility model improves the utilization rate of equipment, realizes pick, branch, anchor, the continuous work of brill Industry, realizes " mechanization substitution " purpose.
Left and right anchor drill system of the present utility model, temporary support device rationally collect to tunnel machine host as job platform Into characteristics of compact layout, using the hydraulic power supply of development machine, development machine complete machine service behaviour and use condition, counterpart is not influenceed Work Anchor Care, probing can substantially reduce anchoring, drilling time, shorten tunnel completion date, effectively improve drivage efficiency.This practicality is new Type improves the mechanization of driving face, automaticity, significantly reduces labor strength, improve production efficiency and Reliability, reduces accident rate, improves the safety coefficient of underground work, meets national Administration of Work Safety Supervision of China and proposes " mechanization Substitute, automation subtracts people " the strong peace special campaigns content requirement of science and technology.Simultaneously to driving, Anchor Care, the brill of simplified fully mechanized workface Process is visited, promotes safety in production to play positive impetus.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is complete machine structure front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is complete machine structure top view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is anchor drill system structural front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is anchor drill system structure top view of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is temporary support device front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is temporary support device top view of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is complete machine Anchor Care of the present utility model work front view;
Fig. 8 is complete machine Anchor Care of the present utility model work left view;
Fig. 9 is that complete machine driller of the present utility model makees front view;
In figure:1- cutting mechanisms, 2- loader mechanisms, 3- transport establishments, 4- frames, the left walking mechanisms of 5-, the right vehicle with walking machine of 6- Structure, 7- electrical systems, 8- operating systems, 9- water systems, 10- temporary support devices, the left anchor drill systems of 11-, the right anchors of 12- bore system System, 13- hydraulic systems, 14- protection assemblies, 15- drilling machine components, 16- expansions mechanism, 17- screw hydraulic oil cylinders, 18- tracks, 19- telescopic arms, 20- base arm, 21- telescopic oil cylinders, 22- precise roller chain components, 23- hoist cylinders I, 24- towing chain device, 25- Cat ladder component, 26- oscillating oil cylinders, 27- pedestals, 28- drive devices, 29- expansion oil cylinders, 30- bases, 31- hoist cylinder II, 32- two-stage telescopic cylinders, 33- one-level arms, bis- grades of arms of 34-, 35- three-level arms, 36- cross hinges, 37- pair support frames, the main supports of 38- Frame.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, including frame 4, cutting mechanism 1, loader mechanism 2nd, transport establishment 3, left walking mechanism 5, right walking mechanism 6, electrical system 7, water system 9, temporary support device 10, left anchor are bored System 11, right anchor drill system 12, hydraulic system 13, protection assembly 14 and operating system 8, the described bottom left and right sides of frame 4 Respectively left walking mechanism 5 and right walking mechanism 6, the top left and right sides of frame 4 are respectively that left anchor drill system 11 and right anchor bore system System 12, the front upper of frame 4 is cutting mechanism 1, and lower section is loader mechanism 2, and the top of cutting mechanism 1 is temporary support device 10, The middle part of frame 4 is protection assembly 14 and operating system 8, and the rear portion side of frame 4 is electrical system 7, and opposite side is hydraulic system 13 With water system 9, in frame 4, rear portion be transport establishment 3.
As shown in Fig. 3,4,7,8,9, described left anchor drill system 11, right anchor drill system 12 include respectively drilling machine components 15, Expansion mechanism 16, screw hydraulic oil cylinder 17, track 18, telescopic arm 19, base arm 20, telescopic oil cylinder 21, precise roller chain component 22, Hoist cylinder I23, towing chain device 24, cat ladder component 25, oscillating oil cylinder 26, pedestal 27, drive device 28 and expansion oil cylinder 29;Institute Track 18 is stated provided with drive device 28, precise roller chain component 22 and the pedestal 27 for being capable of the slip of relative orbit 18, precision rolling The two ends of subchain component 22 are connected with pedestal 27, and the driving precise roller of drive device 28 chain component 22 is with moving base 27 in track 18 Upper to slide, the side of pedestal 27 is provided with towing chain device 24, and opposite side is provided with cat ladder component 25, and base arm 20 passes through bearing pin, engaging lug It is hinged on pedestal 27, hoist cylinder I23 is provided below in base arm 20, hoist cylinder I23 one end is connected with base arm 20, the other end Be hinged with pedestal 27, the side of base arm 20 sets oscillating oil cylinder 26, one end of oscillating oil cylinder 26 is connected with base arm 20, the other end and Pedestal 27 is hinged, and telescopic arm 19 is provided with base arm 20, and telescopic arm 19 is driven by the telescopic oil cylinder 21 being arranged in base arm 20, is stretched One end of oil cylinder 21 is fixed in base arm 20, and the other end is connected with one end of telescopic arm 19, the other end and spiral of telescopic arm 19 One end connection of hydraulic jack 17, the other end of screw hydraulic oil cylinder 17 is connected with expansion mechanism 16, and expansion mechanism 16 is provided with Drilling machine components 15, drilling machine components 15 are by the drive connection of expansion oil cylinder 29, and the walking that the track 18 is arranged on walking mechanism is supported On frame, track 18 is slided under telescopic oil cylinder driving by friction pair on walking support frame;Expansion mechanism 16 is in screw hydraulic Oil cylinder 17 can be with left and right revolution under driving, and screw hydraulic oil cylinder 17 can realize 90 ° to the left, to the right 90 ° of rotation;Rig group Part 15 is connected by bearing pin with expansion mechanism 16, and drilling machine components 15 can deploy certain angle under the driving of expansion oil cylinder 29;Push away Exhibition mechanism 16 can deploy drilling machine components 15 100 °, when Anchor Care or probing, and track 18 is in telescopic oil cylinder driving lower edge walking branch Support moves forward, and pedestal 27 moves forward under the driving of drive device 28 along track 18, and telescopic arm 19 drives lower edge in telescopic oil cylinder 21 Base arm 20 moves forward, and is stretched by three-level drilling machine components 15 being moved to working face;According to the Anchor Care technological requirement of section and meeting head on Drilling technology requirement, is completed top plate, lateral wall anchor pole, the permanent Anchor Care of anchor cable by drilling machine components 15 and is met head in the certain limit of front Probing, it is different according to the position in hole, can realize that base arm is adjusted about 20 with hoist cylinder I23, with oscillating oil cylinder 26 come The left and right adjustment of base arm 20 is realized, the left rotation and right rotation of expansion mechanism 16 is adjusted with screw hydraulic oil cylinder 17, with expansion oil cylinder 29 To realize the front and rear adjustment of drilling machine components 15.
As shown in Figure 5,6, described temporary support device 10 includes base 30, hoist cylinder II31, two-stage telescopic cylinder 32nd, one-level arm 33, two grades of arms 34, three-level arm 35, cross hinge 36, secondary support frame 37 and main backstop 38;Described base 30 is consolidated It is scheduled on cutting mechanism 1, one-level arm 33 is hinged with base 30, one-level arm 33 is provided with provided with two grades of arms 34, two grades of arms 34 Three-level arm 35, two grades of arms 34 are slided by friction pair in one-level arm 33;Three-level arm 35 is slided by friction pair in two grades of arms 34 It is dynamic;Main backstop 38 is connected by cross hinge 36 with three-level arm 35, passes through bearing pin auxiliary connection support frame 37, institute on main backstop 38 The one-level arm 33 stated is connected by hoist cylinder II31 drive connections, hoist cylinder II31 one end with one-level arm 33, the other end with Base 30 is hinged, and described two grades of arms 34, three-level arm 35 are by the drive connection of two-stage telescopic cylinder 32.Development machine is completed after cut, Temporary support device deploys, different according to the height in tunnel, the angle of one-level arm 33 can be adjusted with hoist cylinder II31, with two Level telescopic oil cylinder 32 adjusts the spread length of two grades of arms 34 and three-level arm 35.
Left and right anchor drill system and temporary support device of the present utility model and development machine complete machine are highly integrated, do not influence pick Enter the overall performance of machine.The hydraulic system of left and right anchor drill system and temporary support device and the hydraulic system active set of development machine Into, utilize development machine hydraulic power unit provide hydraulic power supply.It is each to perform the mutual locking of actuating mechanism, it is ensured that job safety.Pick Enter shaping cut and material shipment that machine completes tunnel, temporary support device completes the immediate support after the cut of tunnel, left and right anchor Drill system completes a range of probing of permanent Anchor Care and front of roadway full-fracture-surfacanchoring-rod.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, it is characterised in that:Including frame(4), cutting mechanism(1), loader mechanism (2), transport establishment(3), left walking mechanism(5), right walking mechanism(6), electrical system(7), water system(9), gib Device(10), left anchor drill system(11), right anchor drill system(12), hydraulic system(13), protection assembly(14)And operating system (8), described frame(4)The bottom left and right sides is respectively left walking mechanism(5)With right walking mechanism(6), frame(4)Top is left Right both sides are respectively left anchor drill system(11)With right anchor drill system(12), frame(4)Front upper is cutting mechanism(1), lower section For loader mechanism(2), cutting mechanism(1)Top is temporary support device(10), frame(4)Middle part is protection assembly(14)And behaviour Make system(8), frame(4)Rear portion side is electrical system(7), opposite side is hydraulic system(13)And water system(9), frame (4)In, rear portion be transport establishment(3).
2. one kind pick according to claim 1, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, it is characterised in that:Described left anchor is bored System(11), right anchor drill system(12)Include drilling machine components respectively(15), expansion mechanism(16), screw hydraulic oil cylinder(17), rail Road(18), telescopic arm(19), base arm(20), telescopic oil cylinder(21), precise roller chain component(22), hoist cylinder I(23), drag chain Device(24), cat ladder component(25), oscillating oil cylinder(26), pedestal(27), drive device(28)With expansion oil cylinder(29);The rail Road(18)It is provided with drive device(28), precise roller chain component(22)With being capable of relative orbit(18)The pedestal of slip(27), Precise roller chain component(22)Two ends and pedestal(27)Connection, drive device(28)Drive precise roller chain component(22)Drive Pedestal(27)In track(18)It is upper to slide, pedestal(27)Side be provided with towing chain device(24), opposite side is provided with cat ladder component (25), pedestal(27)On be hinged base arm(20), base arm(20)Hoist cylinder I is provided below(23), hoist cylinder I(23)One end With base arm(20)Connection, the other end and pedestal(27)It is hinged, base arm(20)Side set oscillating oil cylinder(26), oscillating oil cylinder (26)One end and base arm(20)Connection, the other end and pedestal(27)It is hinged, base arm(20)It is interior to be provided with telescopic arm(19), telescopic arm (19)By being arranged on base arm(20)Interior telescopic oil cylinder(21)Driving, telescopic oil cylinder(21)One end be fixed on base arm(20)It is interior, The other end and telescopic arm(19)One end connection, telescopic arm(19)The other end and screw hydraulic oil cylinder(17)One end connection, Screw hydraulic oil cylinder(17)The other end and expansion mechanism(16)It is connected, expansion mechanism(16)It is provided with drilling machine components(15), bore Thermomechanical components(15)By expansion oil cylinder(29)Drive connection.
3. one kind pick according to claim 1 or 2, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine, it is characterised in that:Described is interim Suspension device(10)Including base(30), hoist cylinder II(31), two-stage telescopic cylinder(32), one-level arm(33), two grades of arms (34), three-level arm(35), cross hinge(36), secondary support frame(37)And main backstop(38);Described base(30)On be hinged with One-level arm(33), one-level arm(33)Provided with two grades of arms(34), two grades of arms(34)It is provided with three-level arm(35), main backstop(38) Pass through cross hinge(36)With three-level arm(35)Connection, main backstop(38)Upper auxiliary connection support frame(37), described one-level arm (33)By hoist cylinder II(31)Drive connection, hoist cylinder II(31)One end and one-level arm(33)It is connected, the other end and bottom Seat(30)It is hinged, two grades of described arms(34), three-level arm(35)By two-stage telescopic cylinder(32)Drive connection.
CN201621457356.9U 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Pick, branch, anchor, drill integrated fully-mechanized digging machine Active CN206448809U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106593437A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-04-26 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Digging, supporting, anchoring and drilling all-in-one fully-mechanized excavating machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106593437A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-04-26 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Digging, supporting, anchoring and drilling all-in-one fully-mechanized excavating machine

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