CN206351965U - A kind of Full-automatic loader - Google Patents

A kind of Full-automatic loader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206351965U
CN206351965U CN201720015612.7U CN201720015612U CN206351965U CN 206351965 U CN206351965 U CN 206351965U CN 201720015612 U CN201720015612 U CN 201720015612U CN 206351965 U CN206351965 U CN 206351965U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cart
track
mechanical arm
dolly
full
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201720015612.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张洪东
王雪松
魏玉鲁
宋立志
李建军
陈辉
李俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Harbin Boshi Automation Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Harbin Boshi Automation Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harbin Boshi Automation Co Ltd filed Critical Harbin Boshi Automation Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720015612.7U priority Critical patent/CN206351965U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206351965U publication Critical patent/CN206351965U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of Full-automatic loader, belongs to packed or case dress material conveying device technical field, including:Track movement cart, lifting device, cart guide rail, vehicle guide, track moving cart and mechanical arm, track moving cart is arranged on track movement cart, mechanical arm is arranged on track moving cart lower end, track moves cart and track moving cart and uses wheel type traveling mechanism, four road wheel two of which road wheels are driven by two variable-frequency motors, realize that track movement cart, dolly are moved ahead and retreated, mechanical arm can be stopped in any position, you can to realize that intelligent car-searching is positioned.Mechanical arm uses the parallel―ordinal shift structure of segmented, drive power source in track moving cart, the pallet fork on mechanical arm can be made to be run along certain track, and ensure that pallet fork remains horizontality, manipulator is set to grab present position more accurate, it is ensured that material FCL or whole pile entrucking.

Description

A kind of Full-automatic loader
Technical field
The utility model is related to packed or case dress material conveying device technical field, more particularly to a kind of Full automatic loading Machine.
Background technology
, it is necessary to which article to be loaded to the spacious paulin goods for transporting goods in the manufacturing enterprises such as chemical industry, grain and oil, food, light industry, medicine In car or high hurdle lorry, box wagon or high hurdle are generally transported material to using conveyer using artificial or part entrucking at present As the entrucking mode of auxiliary inside lorry, but the final main body for performing entrucking operation is still execute-in-place workman, and is Dissipate packed car.This mode needs substantial amounts of manpower, and labor intensity is big, inefficiency, severe working environment are to operation Personnel health causes damage.Also by the way of being directly loaded into pile goods with fork truck on lorry, this mode needs back Tray is received, certain problem of management is brought;And goods space on lorry is big, the shipped quantity of goods is few, cost of transportation It is high.The storages of most product materials and transport and all use packed form, in product material package into after bag, otherwise directly entrucking fortune Walk, keep in, transported again after de-stacking entrucking when needed or being transported to after storehouse stacking.The workload of de-stacking entrucking is very big, Need number of workers many, production cost is high.The drawbacks of de-stacking entrucking form is that the higher pocket of stacking falls in conveyer from eminence On, impulsive force is larger, easily breaks tear pocket, and de-stacking entrucking scope is small, dumb.
This patent proposes a kind of solution of full-automatic whole pile or FCL carloader, the program can efficiently and accurately it is complete Into the entrucking operation of the haulage vehicle of the diversified forms such as box wagon or high hurdle lorry, entrucking process is automatically finished, it is not necessary to De-stacking, is also not required to manual intervention.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is in order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, and then to provide a kind of Full-automatic loader, and it is grasped Make simple, save artificial, safety coefficient is strong.
The technical solution of the utility model:
A kind of Full-automatic loader, including:Track movement cart, lifting device, cart guide rail, vehicle guide, track are moved Dynamic dolly and mechanical arm,
The track movement cart includes:Cart walking mechanism, cart main frame and cart driving mechanism;
The cart main frame bottom is provided with cart walking mechanism, cart driving mechanism drive cart walking mechanism along Cart guide rail moves along a straight line;
The track moving cart includes:Dolly main frame, running gear for trolley and trolley driving mechanism;
The dolly main frame bottom is provided with running gear for trolley, trolley driving mechanism drive running gear for trolley along Vehicle guide is moved along a straight line, and vehicle guide is arranged on cart main frame, and the setting direction and cart guide rail of vehicle guide Setting direction it is vertical;
The mechanical arm includes:Upper fixed arm, lower swing arm and pallet fork;Described lower swing arm one end rotates with pallet fork and is connected, The lower swing arm other end is rotated with upper fixed arm lower end and is connected, and upper fixed arm upper end is fixed on dolly main frame;
The lifting device is arranged in track moving cart, and lifting device includes:Lifting motor, coiling bucket, mechanical arm Connection ring, raising cord and lifting connector, lifting motor drive coiling bucket to rotate;The raising cord is fixed on coiling bucket, is carried The rope other end is risen to be connected with lifting connector;Lifting connector is connected with mechanical arm connection ring, and mechanical arm connection ring is arranged on down In swing arm.
To it is of the present utility model it is further limit, mechanical arm also include adjustment mechanism, adjustment mechanism include executing agency, Number connecting rod, No. two connecting rods;Described connecting rod one end rotates with pallet fork and is connected, in the middle part of a connecting rod other end and No. two connecting rods Rotate connection;Described No. two connecting rod one end rotate with lower swing arm and are connected, the other end and the executing agency's one end rotation of No. two connecting rods Connection, executing agency's other end is rotated with upper fixed arm and is connected.
To further restriction of the present utility model, cart positive stop is mounted on the outside of the cart walking mechanism, It is also equipped with the spacing gear wheel of cart on cart walking mechanism, the side of a pair of gear wheels of the spacing gear wheel of cart along cart guide rail Wall moves along a straight line.
To further restriction of the present utility model, dolly positive stop is mounted on the outside of the running gear for trolley, It is also equipped with the spacing gear wheel of dolly on running gear for trolley, the side of a pair of gear wheels of the spacing gear wheel of dolly along vehicle guide Wall moves along a straight line.
Cart is installed to further restriction of the present utility model, on the track movement cart to walk on stage and guardrail, it is described Dolly is installed in track moving cart to walk on stage and guardrail.
To further restriction of the present utility model, executing agency is manual actuator or automatic executing agency.
To further restriction of the present utility model, the automatic executing agency is pneumatic actuator or hydraulic actuating mechanism Or electric operator.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1st, the present apparatus can improve operating efficiency, save loading time, save labour, reduce artificial participation entrucking Journey, can evade the danger of people's fixture vehicle.
2nd, de-stacking entrucking conveying arrangement provided by the utility model is both convenient to entrucking, and de-stacking is convenient to again.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is real-time architecture schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is assembling schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that Fig. 2 middle orbits move cart;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Fig. 2 middle orbit moving carts;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of mechanical arm in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is four-bar linkage structure sketch in Fig. 5.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in detail below with reference to accompanying drawing.
A kind of Full-automatic loader, including:Track movement cart 1, lifting device 4, cart guide rail 5, vehicle guide 6, rail Road moving cart 2 and mechanical arm 3,
The track movement cart 1 includes:Cart walking mechanism 1-1, cart main frame 1-2 and cart driving mechanism 1-3;
The cart main frame 1-2 bottoms are provided with cart walking mechanism 1-1, and cart driving mechanism 1-3 drives big garage Mechanism 1-1 is walked to move along a straight line along cart guide rail 5;
The track moving cart 2 includes:Dolly main frame 2-1, running gear for trolley 2-3 and trolley driving mechanism 2-6;
The dolly main frame 2-1 bottoms are provided with running gear for trolley 2-3, and trolley driving mechanism 2-6 drives small garage Walk mechanism 2-3 to move along a straight line along vehicle guide 6, vehicle guide 6 is arranged on cart main frame 1-2, and vehicle guide 6 Setting direction is vertical with the setting direction of cart guide rail 5;
The mechanical arm 3 includes:Upper fixed arm 3-1, lower swing arm 3-3 and pallet fork 3-4;Described lower swing arm 3-3 one end with Pallet fork 3-4 rotates connection, and the lower swing arm 3-3 other ends are rotated with upper fixed arm 3-1 lower ends and are connected, and upper fixed arm 3-1 upper ends are fixed On dolly main frame 2-1;
The lifting device 4 is arranged in track moving cart 2, and lifting device 4 includes:Lifting motor, coiling bucket 4-1, Mechanical arm connection ring 4-5, raising cord 4-2 and lifting connector 4-3, lifting motor drive coiling bucket 4-1 to rotate;The raising cord 4-2 is fixed on coiling bucket 4-1, and the raising cord 4-2 other ends are connected with lifting connector 4-3;Lift connector 4-3 and mechanical arm Connection ring 4-5 is connected, and mechanical arm connection ring 4-5 is arranged on lower swing arm 3-3.
It is combined using wheel type traveling mechanism and mechanical arm 3, whole pile or FCL material is loaded into box wagon or high hurdle In lorry, using platform floor as locating surface, it is consistent the center in carloader and compartment, 2 track travel cars are respectively by 4 Variable-frequency motor drives;3 points of two-parts of mechanical arm, are swung up and down by the driving of lifting device 4.Lorry is reached behind entrucking position, root According to the difference of vehicle, whole pile or FCL material are loaded box wagon or height by wheel type traveling mechanism and the aggregate motion of mechanical arm 3 In column lorry.Track movement cart 1 uses wheel type traveling mechanism, and wherein 2 road wheels of 4 road wheels are driven by two variable-frequency motors It is dynamic, it is possible to achieve track movement cart, dolly are moved ahead and retreated, and mechanical arm 3 can be stopped in any position, you can to realize Intelligent car-searching is positioned.The movement of track movement cart 1 is adapted to the length requirement of box wagon or high hurdle lorry.Track is moved The movement of dolly 2 is adapted to the width requirement of box wagon or high hurdle lorry.The swing of mechanical arm 3 is adapted to spacious paulin goods The requirement for height of car or high hurdle lorry.
Track moving cart 2 uses wheel type traveling mechanism, and 4 road wheels are driven by two variable-frequency motors, it is possible to achieve rail Road moving cart moves traversing on cart in track, can stop on multiple positions, it is possible to achieve the accurate of multiple positions is determined The power of mechanical arm 3 is carried in position, track moving cart 2.
The movement of track moving cart 2 is adapted to the width of box wagon or high hurdle lorry.
Lifting device 4, hoisting way can also be the modes such as chain-type, belt-type and synchronous cog belt.
Mechanical arm 3 is using the parallel―ordinal shift structure of segmented, and driving power source, can be with track moving cart 2 Grab the manipulator on mechanical arm 3 to run along certain track, and ensure that manipulator is grabbed to remain horizontality, make machinery It is more accurate that hand grabs present position, it is ensured that material FCL or whole pile entrucking.Mechanical arm 3, which can be inserted, takes single pile disk to insert Take multiple pile disks, the multiple pile disks for taking stacking can also be inserted.
The present apparatus can improve operating efficiency, save loading time, save labour, reduce artificial participation entrucking process, The danger of people's fixture vehicle can be evaded.De-stacking entrucking conveying arrangement provided by the utility model is both convenient to entrucking, and side It is easy to de-stacking.
Motor drives walking mechanism to realize that straight reciprocating motion is prior art, specifically how to drive walking mechanism to transport Dynamic, the utility model is not specifically limited.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Full-automatic loader, including:Track movement cart (1), lifting device (4), cart guide rail (5), vehicle guide (6), track moving cart (2) and mechanical arm (3), it is characterised in that
The track movement cart (1) includes:Cart walking mechanism (1-1), cart main frame (1-2) and cart driving mechanism (1-3);
Cart main frame (1-2) bottom is provided with cart walking mechanism (1-1), cart driving mechanism (1-3) driving cart Walking mechanism (1-1) moves along a straight line along cart guide rail (5);
The track moving cart (2) includes:Dolly main frame (2-1), running gear for trolley (2-3) and trolley driving mechanism (2-6);
Dolly main frame (2-1) bottom is provided with running gear for trolley (2-3), trolley driving mechanism (2-6) driving dolly Walking mechanism (2-3) is moved along a straight line along vehicle guide (6), and vehicle guide (6) is arranged on cart main frame (1-2), and The setting direction of vehicle guide (6) is vertical with the setting direction of cart guide rail (5);
The mechanical arm (3) includes:Upper fixed arm (3-1), lower swing arm (3-3) and pallet fork (3-4);The lower swing arm (3-3) One end is rotated with pallet fork (3-4) and is connected, and lower swing arm (3-3) other end is rotated with upper fixed arm (3-1) lower end and is connected, upper fixed arm (3-1) upper end is fixed on dolly main frame (2-1);
The lifting device (4) is arranged in track moving cart (2), and lifting device (4) includes:Lifting motor, coiling bucket (4- 1), mechanical arm connection ring (4-5), raising cord (4-2) and lifting connector (4-3), lifting motor drive coiling bucket (4-1) to turn It is dynamic;The raising cord (4-2) is fixed on coiling bucket (4-1), and raising cord (4-2) other end is connected with lifting connector (4-3); Lifting connector (4-3) is connected with mechanical arm connection ring (4-5), and mechanical arm connection ring (4-5) is arranged on lower swing arm (3-3).
2. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 1, it is characterised in that mechanical arm (3) also includes adjustment mechanism, Adjustment mechanism includes executing agency (3-2), connecting rod (3-5), No. two connecting rods (3-6);A described connecting rod (3-5) one end with Pallet fork (3-4) rotates connection, and connecting rod (3-5) other end is connected with being rotated in the middle part of No. two connecting rods (3-6);No. two connecting rods (3-6) one end is rotated with lower swing arm (3-3) and is connected, and the other end of No. two connecting rods (3-6) is rotated with executing agency (3-2) one end to be connected Connect, executing agency's (3-2) other end is rotated with upper fixed arm (3-1) and is connected.
3. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that the cart walking mechanism (1-1) Outside is mounted on being also equipped with the spacing gear wheel of cart (1-5), institute on cart positive stop (1-6), cart walking mechanism (1-1) Side wall of a pair of the gear wheels of the spacing gear wheel of cart (1-5) along cart guide rail (5) is stated to move along a straight line.
4. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the running gear for trolley (2-3) it is outer Side is mounted on being also equipped with the spacing gear wheel of dolly (2-2) on dolly positive stop (2-7), running gear for trolley (2-3), described Side wall of a pair of the gear wheels of the spacing gear wheel of dolly (2-2) along vehicle guide (6) moves along a straight line.
5. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 1, it is characterised in that installed on the track movement cart (1) There is cart to walk on stage and guardrail (1-4), dolly is installed on the track moving cart (2) and walked on stage and guardrail (2-5).
6. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 2, it is characterised in that executing agency (3-2) is manually performs machine Structure or automatic executing agency.
7. a kind of Full-automatic loader according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the automatic executing agency is pneumatic execution Mechanism or hydraulic actuating mechanism or electric operator.
CN201720015612.7U 2017-01-06 2017-01-06 A kind of Full-automatic loader Withdrawn - After Issue CN206351965U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720015612.7U CN206351965U (en) 2017-01-06 2017-01-06 A kind of Full-automatic loader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720015612.7U CN206351965U (en) 2017-01-06 2017-01-06 A kind of Full-automatic loader

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206351965U true CN206351965U (en) 2017-07-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720015612.7U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206351965U (en) 2017-01-06 2017-01-06 A kind of Full-automatic loader

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206351965U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106516800A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-03-22 哈尔滨博实自动化股份有限公司 Full automatic loader
CN113548497A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-10-26 杭州明度智能科技有限公司 A loading arm of machinery for automatic loading equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106516800A (en) * 2017-01-06 2017-03-22 哈尔滨博实自动化股份有限公司 Full automatic loader
CN113548497A (en) * 2021-07-14 2021-10-26 杭州明度智能科技有限公司 A loading arm of machinery for automatic loading equipment

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Granted publication date: 20170725

Effective date of abandoning: 20181009