CN206269522U - Organic fertilizer dryer - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206269522U
CN206269522U CN201621291936.5U CN201621291936U CN206269522U CN 206269522 U CN206269522 U CN 206269522U CN 201621291936 U CN201621291936 U CN 201621291936U CN 206269522 U CN206269522 U CN 206269522U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
organic fertilizer
induced
air
fertilizer dryer
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621291936.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭新春
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Chongqing Fengxingyuan Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Chongqing Fengxingyuan Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621291936.5U priority Critical patent/CN206269522U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206269522U publication Critical patent/CN206269522U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model is related to organic fertilizer production equipment technical field, disclose a kind of organic fertilizer dryer, including inclined roller, roller middle part is connected with gear drive structure, and roller higher end is provided with charging aperture, and the relatively low one end of roller is provided with air-heater, roller higher end is circumferentially uniformly provided with multiple induced-draught fans, fines outlet and coarse fodder outlet are sequentially provided with the side wall of the relatively low one end of roller from high to low, inner wall of rotary drum is provided with material screen and several material rotating plates, and material screen is placed in fines outlet.The utility model can realize the uniform drying of fertilizer, and fertilizer is sieved, and lift the quality of fertilizer.

Description

Organic fertilizer dryer
Technical field
The utility model belongs to organic fertilizer production equipment technical field, and in particular to organic fertilizer dryer.
Background technology
Organic fertilizer is to be mainly derived from plant or animal, imposes on the carbonaceous material that soil provides carbonaceous material for crop.Have Machine fertilizer can not only provide full nutrition for crops, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increase and update the soil organism, promote microorganism numerous Grow, improve the physicochemical property and bioactivity of soil, be the Main Nutrients of pollution-free food growth, it is preceding with extraordinary application Scape.The production of organic fertilizer includes raw material proportioning, bar heap, addition microbial inoculum, stirring fermentation, sub-sieve processing, granulation, Drying and cooling packaging Deng technological process.At present, wherein each flow has been realized being processed using corresponding production equipment, compared to traditional mode of production mould Formula, substantially increases production efficiency.
Organic fertilizer by collected, it is necessary to dried using dryer, then after granulation the material after drying carry out it is cold But pack.Existing organic fertilizer dryer mainly includes roller, and roller is connected with gear drive structure, and roller one end is provided with charging Mouthful, the other end is provided with discharging opening, and charging aperture one end is provided with induced-draught fan, and discharging opening one end is provided with air-heater.Existing organic fertilizer dries In use, material enters roller to dry machine from charging aperture, and is moved on its inwall with the rotation of roller, and air-heater produces heat Wind, hot blast is attracted and flowed from discharge port end to feed inlet end by induced-draught fan, and hot blast is in flow process by material heating, drying.
But, there is problems with when being dried to fertilizer in existing organic fertilizer dryer:1st, material is in roller Aggregation is attached on inwall in mobile process, it is difficult to be sufficiently mixed with hot-air, causes material to be difficult to drying comprehensively;2nd, after granulating Material during drying surface dust come off, be inevitably generated fertilizer dust;By these dust after drying with Material mixes and is discharged by same discharging opening, so as to reduce the total quality of organic fertilizer;3rd, the hot-air flow edge in roller Air-heater to be flowed with the line direction of induced-draught fan, thermal current is more concentrated in the tie region, and other regions in roller Thermal current it is then thin, cause the hot-air skewness in roller, and be difficult to uniformly dry material, influence drying Quality.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended to provide organic fertilizer dryer, to realize the uniform drying of fertilizer, and fertilizer is sieved, To lift the quality of fertilizer.
Organic fertilizer dryer in this programme, including inclined roller, roller middle part are connected with gear drive structure, roller Higher end is provided with charging aperture, and the relatively low one end of roller is provided with air-heater, and roller higher end is circumferentially uniformly provided with multiple induced-draught fans; Be sequentially provided with from high to low on the side wall of the relatively low one end of roller fines outlet and coarse fodder outlet, if inner wall of rotary drum be provided with material screen and Dry material rotating plate, material screen is placed in fines outlet.
The know-why of this programme is:This programme includes inclined roller, and roller higher end is provided with charging aperture, makes With when, by material lifting device will need drying material put into charging aperture;Gear drive structure drives roller to rotate, The material of the inside is set to be overturn in roller, and simultaneously along inclined inner wall of rotary drum to the relatively low one end movement of roller.Air-heater works, To blasting hot blast in roller.Multiple induced-draught fans that roller higher end is circumferentially uniformly arranged work simultaneously, by the air in roller The external world is drawn to, negative pressure is formed in roller, so that hot gas flows to the opposite direction flowing of material moving direction, make air-flow and material Between there is convection current friction, turning over materials while dried material, so as to being dried to material comprehensively.
During drying, the material rotating plate that inner wall of rotary drum is provided with can help that material is taken up and shed so that Material more disperses, and is able to be fully contacted with thermal current, lifts dries quantity.Multiple induced-draught fans are circumferential equal on cylinder wall Even distribution, so that the negative pressure region of roller is uniformly distributed, and then causes the thermal current for being formed Uniform Flow in roller, strengthens Drying effect.
During material after granulation is taken up, overturn, shed and moved in roller, its surface is inevitably produced Fecula dirt, if the discharge mixed in together with thicker granule materials of these dust is packed, will reduce product quality.And In this programme, thicker material can be moved down along inner wall of rotary drum, be blocked by material screen during by fines exit, and under being able to continue Move, exported finally by coarse fodder and discharged, and compared with thin dust because weight is small, it is too late by being slowed down after thermal current resistance Coarse fodder outlet is reached, but is passed through from the sieve aperture of material screen when reaching on material screen, and discharge is exported from fines.
This programme has technical effect that:1st, the material rotating plate in this programme helps that material is taken up and shed, with hot gas Stream is fully contacted, so as to realize the abundant drying of waste material;2nd, multiple induced-draught fans that roller higher end is circumferentially uniformly arranged are in rolling Equally distributed thermal current is produced in cylinder, so as to strengthen the effect that material is uniformly dried;3rd, tiny dust is sieved by material screen Go out, exported from fines and discharged, and thicker material is blocked, it is exported from coarse fodder and discharge, so as to realize material and dust Separate, conveniently carry out down one packaging process, lift the final product quality of organic fertilizer.
The following is the preferred scheme based on such scheme:
Preferred scheme one:Based on base case, also including pedestal, gear drive structure is arranged on pedestal.Pedestal is set Afterwards so that roller and gear drive structure can be stably mounted on ground, it is to avoid produced in its course of work and rock or roll Deng unexpected.
Preferred scheme two:Based on preferred scheme one, induced-draught fan has four, and deduster is equipped with each induced-draught fan.Four Induced-draught fan is uniformly circumferentially distributed in roller higher end, can produce uniform thermal current, turn avoid induced-draught fan and was distributed In intensive.Thermal current will necessarily adsorb certain dust during flowing, after deduster is set on each induced-draught fan, can be Dedusting is carried out before thermal current is discharged, it is to avoid dust is discharged in air with thermal current and causes air pollution.
Preferred scheme three:Based on preferred scheme two, material rotating plate is spirality.Material is in roller, while being rotated with roller And circle, the axial direction of an edge roller moves down, therefore its compound motion form is spiral form motion;Material rotating plate is set It is spirality, it is consistent with the movement locus of material, can as far as possible reduces the inhibition to material movement, reduces complete to material The destruction of degree.
Preferred scheme four:Based on preferred scheme three, temperature sensor is additionally provided with roller, pedestal is provided with controller, temperature Degree sensor and air-heater are electrically connected with the controller respectively.Temperature sensor can detect the real time temperature information in roller, and It is fed back in controller;The temperature that controller is blown according to Current Temperatures regulation air-heater in roller, makes the temperature in roller Degree is maintained at a rational scope, it is ensured that the drying effect of material, it is to avoid temperature destruction quality of material too high or temperature are too It is low and be difficult to dry.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model organic fertilizer dryer embodiment.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below by specific embodiment:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Pedestal 1, controller 2, temperature sensor 3, charging aperture 4, induced-draught fan 5, Deduster 6, material rotating plate 7, roller 8, gear drive structure 9, fines outlet 10, coarse fodder outlet 11, material screen 12, air-heater 13.
As shown in figure 1, organic fertilizer dryer, including pedestal 1, gear drive structure 9 and controller 2 are installed on pedestal 1, The roller 8 being obliquely installed in right low left high is installed, the left end of roller 8 is provided with charging aperture 4, the right-hand member of roller 8 on gear drive structure 9 Air-heater 13 is provided with, air-heater 13 is connected with controller 2;The left end of roller 8 is circumferentially uniformly provided with four induced-draught fans 5, each suction Deduster 6 is mounted on blower fan 5, fines outlet 10 and coarse fodder outlet is sequentially provided with the side wall of the right-hand member of roller 8 from high to low 11;The inwall of roller 8 is provided with several helical material rotating plates 7, is provided with material screen 12, roller 8 in fines outlet 10 and also set There is temperature sensor 3, temperature sensor 3 is electrically connected with controller 2.
After organic fertilizer dryer is installed, its pedestal 1 ensure that the stability of organic fertilizer dryer.What is used When, it would be desirable to the material input charging aperture 4 of drying, material is entered in roller 8 by charging aperture 4, and gear drive structure 9 drives Roller 8 starts to rotate, and makes material upset in roller 8, and simultaneously along the inwall of inclined roller 8 to the movement of the relatively low one end of roller 8, Its movement locus is spiral yarn shaped.Meanwhile, air-heater 13 is started working, to blasting hot blast in roller 8.Four of the left end of roller 8 Induced-draught fan 5 is worked simultaneously, and the air in roller 8 is pumped into the external world, and four corresponding negative pressure regions are formed in roller 8, from And the thermal current opposite with material moving direction is formed in roller 8, thermal current is contacted and conducted heat, material is dried with material It is dry.
During drying, the spiral material rotating plate 7 that the inwall of roller 8 is provided with can aid in be taken up material and throws Spread so that material more disperses, be fully contacted with thermal current, so as to be able to fully dry, also, spiral material rotating plate 7 with Material moving track is consistent, can as far as possible reduce the destruction to material, beneficial to the integrity degree for keeping material.Four induced-draught fans 5 are circumferentially evenly distributed on the side wall of roller 8, so as to the negative pressure region formed in roller 8 is also uniformly distributed, and then cause shape Into thermal current be uniformly distributed in the roller 8, realize the uniform drying to material;Deduster 6 on induced-draught fan 5 can be by thermal current Dedusting was carried out before discharge, it is to avoid polluted in the dust recycling that it is carried in flow process to air.
During dried material is taken up, overturn, shed and moved in roller 8, its surface is inevitably Producing thinner dust, thicker granule materials can move down along the inwall of roller 8, be kept off by material screen 12 during by fines outlet 10 Firmly, then proceed to move down and discharged finally by coarse fodder outlet 11;And compared with thin dust because weight is small, by thermal current resistance After slowed down, not as good as coarse fodder outlet 11 is reached, can pass through from the sieve aperture of material screen 12 when reaching on material screen 12, and from fines Outlet 10 is discharged.
Additionally, temperature sensor 3 can be in real-time monitoring roller 8 temperature value, and by the feedback of the information to controller 2, Controller 2 controls to adjust the temperature that air-heater 13 sends out hot blast according to Current Temperatures in roller 8, so that the temperature in roller 8 It is maintained at a rational scope, it is ensured that preferable drying effect.
Above-described is only embodiment of the present utility model, the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and/or characteristic in scheme Excessive description is not made herein.It should be pointed out that for a person skilled in the art, before the utility model structure is not departed from Put, some deformations and improvement can also be made, these should also be considered as protection domain of the present utility model, and these are all without shadow Ring effect and practical applicability that the utility model is implemented.

Claims (5)

1. organic fertilizer dryer, including inclined roller, roller middle part is connected with gear drive structure, and roller is high-end to be provided with charging Mouthful, roller low side is provided with air-heater, it is characterised in that:The high-end circumference of roller is uniformly provided with multiple induced-draught fans, the side of roller low side Fines outlet and coarse fodder outlet are sequentially provided with wall from high to low, inner wall of rotary drum is provided with material screen and several material rotating plates, described Material screen is placed in fines outlet.
2. organic fertilizer dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include pedestal, the gear drive structure On pedestal.
3. organic fertilizer dryer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The induced-draught fan has four, each induced-draught fan On be equipped with deduster.
4. organic fertilizer dryer according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The material rotating plate is spirality.
5. organic fertilizer dryer according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Temperature sensor is additionally provided with the roller, The pedestal is provided with controller, and temperature sensor and air-heater are electrically connected with the controller.
CN201621291936.5U 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Organic fertilizer dryer Expired - Fee Related CN206269522U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621291936.5U CN206269522U (en) 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Organic fertilizer dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621291936.5U CN206269522U (en) 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Organic fertilizer dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206269522U true CN206269522U (en) 2017-06-20

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621291936.5U Expired - Fee Related CN206269522U (en) 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 Organic fertilizer dryer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206269522U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107625176A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-26 浦江县元寿农业科技有限公司 The special Multifunction fast dryer of Chinese prickly ash
CN108405095A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-17 陈钦先 A kind of improved bentonite crushing roller formula drying unit
CN115540532A (en) * 2022-10-18 2022-12-30 戴�峰 Feed granulating and drying system and process

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107625176A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-26 浦江县元寿农业科技有限公司 The special Multifunction fast dryer of Chinese prickly ash
CN108405095A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-08-17 陈钦先 A kind of improved bentonite crushing roller formula drying unit
CN115540532A (en) * 2022-10-18 2022-12-30 戴�峰 Feed granulating and drying system and process

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170620

Termination date: 20171129