CN206192059U - Energy -conserving drying device of household - Google Patents

Energy -conserving drying device of household Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206192059U
CN206192059U CN201621238875.6U CN201621238875U CN206192059U CN 206192059 U CN206192059 U CN 206192059U CN 201621238875 U CN201621238875 U CN 201621238875U CN 206192059 U CN206192059 U CN 206192059U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
hothouse
drying
energy
heat exchanger
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621238875.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
李明
王云峰
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Yunnan University YNU
Yunnan Normal University
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Yunnan Normal University
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Priority to CN201621238875.6U priority Critical patent/CN206192059U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206192059U publication Critical patent/CN206192059U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides an energy -conserving drying device of household, includes air heat exchanger, air source heat pump unit, solar collector, drying chamber, air intake, drying chamber air intake, drying chamber air outlet, proportion blast gate, tuber pipe, heat exchanger air intake, air outlet, tuber pipe baffle, material frame, drying chamber door, support frame, vacuum tube, header, wind channel and wind channel baffle wind hole. The utility model discloses not only can retrieve the humid tropical's of self desiccation room tail gas waste heat, the waste heat of retrieving in addition can make the fresh air completion preheat again, can greatly improve the thermal efficiency of system, through reasonable wind channel baffle wind hole design, drying chamber temperature nonuniform distribution problem has been solved, simultaneously, solar collector installs at whole device top, sparingly takes up an area of the space, and drying effect is good, and the energy consumption is low, small -scale structure, the extensive popularization of being convenient for.

Description

A kind of residents energy-saving drying device
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of drying device, more particularly to a kind of residents energy-saving drying device, belongs to solar energy With heat pump united technical field of drying.
Background technology
There is many drawbacks in traditional outdoor natural drying method:Efficiency is low, floor space is big, take time and effort, Yi Shouzhen The influence of the weather conditions such as rain and plum rains, is also easily polluted by dust storm, dust, worm ant etc., it is difficult to ensure dried foods and agricultural and sideline The quality of product.Under the background of energy crisis and environmental crisis, green drying is the trend for drying industry development, and solar energy With heat pump united drying as one of the mode of green drying, increasingly paid close attention to by people.
Solar energy and heat pump united drying system, can not only lift the thermal efficiency of solar thermal collection system, and can also Improve the heating performance of heat pump.Early in eighties of last century, domestic and foreign scholars are just dried with solar energy with heat pump united drying system Many industrial and agricultural products.Research experiment finds that the system has the advantage not having when solar energy and heat pump isolated operation:Through Ji remarkable benefit, the advantages of substantially reduce drying time, reduce solar energy and individually dry to the dependence of weather.
In existing solar energy drying system, Analysis of Heat Pump Drying System and solar energy with heat pump united drying system, mostly The dehumidification mode that number is used is that hot and humid tail gas is directly discharged in air, and not only thermal loss is big for this mode, and And drying efficiency is not high;Meanwhile, existing solar energy is with heat pump united drying device than larger, inconvenient and large-scale promotion.
The content of the invention
The utility model technology solve problem be:Overcome that existing solar energy drying and Analysis of Heat Pump Drying System be present is upper State defect or deficiency, there is provided a kind of residents energy-saving drying device.Not only thermal loss is smaller for the device, and greatly full The foot requirement of recovery waste heat.Meanwhile, also solve the problems, such as that hothouse temperature distributing disproportionation is even.
The utility model is completed by the following technical programs:A kind of residents energy-saving drying device, including air heat exchanger, Net for air-source heat pump units, solar thermal collector, hothouse, air inlet, hothouse air inlet, hothouse air outlet, ratio air-valve, Airduct, heat exchanger air inlet, air outlet, airduct dividing plate, material frame, hothouse door support frame, vacuum tube, header, air channel and wind Road dividing plate air holes.
The solar thermal collector is vacuum tube air collector or flat panel aero heat collector, and installs also hothouse top On inclined-plane, whole drying device is put according to top inclined-plane towards Nanan.
The hothouse is welded using double-deck stainless steel, central filler polyurethane foaming thermal insulation material, can be effective Reduce the heat loss of hothouse.Drying device is provided with universal wheeling supporting frame.
The air inlet is provided with centrifugal blower, and fresh air is blown into solar thermal collector is heated.Centrifugal blower Low temperature blower fan can be used.
The hothouse air inlet is provided with single flow axial flow blower, will be from net for air-source heat pump units and solar energy heating The hot-air of device is blown into hothouse by single flow axial flow blower.
The hothouse air outlet is provided with single flow axial flow blower, and the hot and humid air in hothouse is blown into air Heat exchanger, and exchanged heat with the fresh air of air inlet heat exchanger.What hothouse air inlet and hothouse air outlet were installed Single flow axial flow blower uses resistant to elevated temperatures blower fan, prevents that temperature is too high to burn out blower fan.
The air-valve that ratio air-valve use can carry out folding size regulation is installed.
The hothouse has hothouse air inlet and hothouse air outlet, and hothouse door is using double door design.
There are equidistant some air-duct clapboard air holes on the air channel, air holes is designed using variable cross-section air holes, near drying The air holes of room air outlet is larger, and the air holes away from hothouse air outlet is smaller.
The airduct dividing plate is punched out making using stainless steel plate material, and two sides is smooth.
The utility model compared with prior art, has the following advantages that:The utility model is provided with air heat exchanger, not only The hot and humid waste heat from tail gas from hothouse can be reclaimed, and the waste heat for reclaiming can make fresh air complete preheating, The thermal efficiency of system can be greatly enhanced;Designed by rational air-duct clapboard air holes, solve hothouse temperature distributing disproportionation Even problem;Solar thermal collector is arranged on whole device top, saves floor space, and drying effect is good, and energy consumption is low, small-sized knot Structure, is easy to large-scale promotion.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1:Structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2:Side view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3:Hothouse top view of the present utility model.
Fig. 4:Airduct diaphragm structure schematic diagram in hothouse of the present utility model.
Description of reference numerals:1 air heat exchanger;2 net for air-source heat pump units;3 solar thermal collectors;4 hothouses;5 air intakes Mouthful;6 hothouse air inlets;7 hothouse air outlets;8 ratio air-valves;9 airducts;10 heat exchanger air inlets;11 air outlets;12 airducts Dividing plate;13 material frames;14 hothouses door;15 support frames;16 vacuum tubes;17 headers;18 air channels;19 air-duct clapboard air holes.
Specific embodiment
Content of the present utility model is described in further details with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Fig. 1 is system structure diagram of the present utility model.A kind of residents energy-saving drying device, including air heat exchanger (1), net for air-source heat pump units(2), solar thermal collector(3), hothouse(4), air inlet(5), hothouse air inlet(6), it is dry Dry room air outlet(7), ratio air-valve(8), airduct(9), heat exchanger air inlet(10), air outlet(11), airduct dividing plate(12), thing Bin(13), hothouse door(14), support frame(15), vacuum tube(16), header(17), air channel(18)With air-duct clapboard air holes (19).Wherein, air inlet(5)Centrifugal blower is installed, fresh air is blown into solar thermal collector(3)Heated;Dry Room air inlet(6)Single flow axial flow blower is installed, will be from net for air-source heat pump units(2)And solar thermal collector(3)Heat Air is blown into hothouse by single flow axial flow blower(4);Hothouse air outlet(7)Single flow axial flow blower is installed, will be dry Dry room(4)In hot and humid air be blown into air heat exchanger(1), and with air inlet heat exchanger(1)Fresh air carry out Heat exchange.Air inlet(5)The centrifugal blower of installation can use low temperature blower fan, hothouse air inlet(6)With hothouse air outlet(7)Peace The single flow axial flow blower of dress uses resistant to elevated temperatures blower fan, prevents that temperature is too high to burn out blower fan.Ratio air-valve(8)Using can enter The air-valve of row folding size regulation is installed.Hothouse(4)It is welded using double-deck stainless steel, central filler gathers Urethane foaming thermal-insulating, can effectively reduce hothouse(4)Heat loss.Drying device is provided with universal wheeling supporting frame(15), It is moved easily.
Fig. 2 is system side view of the present utility model.Solar thermal collector(3)It is that vacuum tube air collector or flat board are empty Gas heat collector, and also hothouse is installed(4)On the inclined-plane of top, whole drying device is put according to top inclined-plane towards Nanan.
Fig. 3 is hothouse top view of the present utility model.Hothouse(4)There is hothouse air inlet(6)With hothouse air-out Mouthful(7);Hothouse door(14)Designed using double door.
Fig. 4 is airduct diaphragm structure schematic diagram in hothouse of the present utility model.Air channel(18)On have at equal intervals it is some Air-duct clapboard air holes(19), air holes(19)Designed using variable cross-section air holes, near hothouse air outlet(7)Air holes it is larger, far From hothouse air outlet(7)Air holes it is smaller.Airduct dividing plate(12)Making is punched out using stainless steel plate material, two sides is put down It is whole.
Embodiment 1
Solar energy is independently dried:When temperature needed for sunshine abundance can reach system, by controlling ratio air-valve(8), Start air inlet(5)Centrifugal blower, fresh air is sent into solar thermal collector(3)The heat for be heated into high temperature low humidity is empty Gas, passes sequentially through airduct(9), ratio air-valve(8)With hothouse air inlet(6), then by hothouse air inlet(6)Direct current The hot-air of high temperature low humidity is blown into hothouse by formula axial flow blower(4).In hothouse(4)It is interior, the hot-air evaporation of high temperature low humidity The moisture gone out in material, as hot and humid air, then by airduct dividing plate(12)On air-duct clapboard air holes(19)Into Air channel(18), by hothouse air outlet(7)In single flow axial flow blower feeding air heat exchanger(1), it is discharged in environment.
Embodiment 2
Heat pump independence backheat is dried:When without sunshine, by controlling ratio air-valve(8), start net for air-source heat pump units (2), fresh air is by air heat exchanger(1)Air inlet source source pump(2)Carry out being heated into high temperature low-humidity air, pass through Ratio air-valve(8)With hothouse air inlet(6)Single flow axial flow blower, the hot-air of high temperature low humidity is blown into hothouse(4). In hothouse(4)Interior, the hot-air of high temperature low humidity evaporates the moisture in material, as hot and humid air, then by wind Pipe dividing plate(12)On air-duct clapboard air holes(19)Into air channel(18), by hothouse air outlet(7)In single flow axle stream wind Machine sends into air heat exchanger(1), with from low temperature and high relative humidity air is turned into after the fresh air heat exchange in environment, it is then discharged out environment In;By air heat exchanger(1)The fresh air of heat exchange is again introduced into net for air-source heat pump units(2)Heated.
Embodiment 3
Solar energy is dried with heat pump united backheat:When temperature needed for sunshine is inadequate or does not reach system, pass through Control ratio air-valve(8), start air inlet(5)Centrifugal blower, fresh air is sent into solar thermal collector(3)Heated Into the hot-air of high temperature low humidity, airduct is passed sequentially through(9), ratio air-valve(8)With hothouse air inlet(6);Meanwhile, start air Source source pump(2), fresh air is by air heat exchanger(1)Air inlet source source pump(2)Carry out being heated into high temperature low Humid air, passing ratio air-valve(8)With hothouse air inlet(6).Hothouse air inlet(6)Single flow axial flow blower will come from Net for air-source heat pump units(2)And solar thermal collector(3)Mixing high temperature low humidity hot-air blow into hothouse(4).In hothouse (4)Interior, high temperature low humidity hot-air evaporates the moisture in material, as hot and humid air, then by airduct dividing plate(12) On air-duct clapboard air holes(19)Into air channel(18), by hothouse air outlet(7)In single flow axial flow blower feeding air Heat exchanger(1), with from low temperature and high relative humidity air is turned into after the fresh air heat exchange in environment, it is then discharged out in environment;By sky Gas heat exchanger(1)The fresh air of heat exchange is again introduced into net for air-source heat pump units(2)Heated.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device, including air heat exchanger, net for air-source heat pump units, solar thermal collector, drying Room, air inlet, hothouse air inlet, hothouse air outlet, ratio air-valve, airduct, heat exchanger air inlet, air outlet, airduct every Plate, material frame, hothouse door, support frame, vacuum tube, header, air channel and air-duct clapboard air holes.
2. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Solar thermal collector is vacuum Pipe air collector or flat panel aero heat collector.
3. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:In net for air-source heat pump units and Hothouse air outlet is provided with air heat exchanger.
4. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Solar thermal collector is arranged on Hothouse top inclined-plane.
5. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Have on air-duct clapboard equidistantly Some air-duct clapboard air holes, air holes designed using variable cross-section air holes, and the air holes near hothouse air outlet is larger, away from drying The air holes of room air outlet is smaller.
6. a kind of residents energy-saving drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Airduct dividing plate uses stainless steel Plate material is punched out making, and two sides is smooth.
CN201621238875.6U 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Energy -conserving drying device of household Expired - Fee Related CN206192059U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621238875.6U CN206192059U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Energy -conserving drying device of household

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621238875.6U CN206192059U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Energy -conserving drying device of household

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206192059U true CN206192059U (en) 2017-05-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621238875.6U Expired - Fee Related CN206192059U (en) 2016-11-19 2016-11-19 Energy -conserving drying device of household

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206192059U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111043847A (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-04-21 云南师范大学 Multi-variable control drying device of solar heat collector
CN111043847B (en) * 2018-10-11 2022-05-10 云南师范大学 Multi-variable control drying device of solar heat collector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111043847A (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-04-21 云南师范大学 Multi-variable control drying device of solar heat collector
CN111043847B (en) * 2018-10-11 2022-05-10 云南师范大学 Multi-variable control drying device of solar heat collector

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170524

Termination date: 20171119

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee