CN206164533U - Boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique - Google Patents

Boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206164533U
CN206164533U CN201621237893.2U CN201621237893U CN206164533U CN 206164533 U CN206164533 U CN 206164533U CN 201621237893 U CN201621237893 U CN 201621237893U CN 206164533 U CN206164533 U CN 206164533U
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China
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ais
ship
information
module
ships
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CN201621237893.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈榕魁
林治贤
缪向真
郑森红
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福建航天星联信息科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201621237893.2U priority Critical patent/CN206164533U/en
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Publication of CN206164533U publication Critical patent/CN206164533U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique, the system includes an at least boats and ships terminal, an at least bank base basic station and a center management server, install boats and ships beidou terminal and boats and ships AIS equipment on the boats and ships terminal, boats and ships AIS equipment includes VHF data communication module, ship movement sensor module, data message module and GPS module, boats and ships AIS information is by ship movement sensor module, data message module and GPS module create, VHF data communication module acquires boats and ships AIS information and sends the basic station for bank base through AIS broadcasting, send the basic station for bank base through boats and ships beidou terminal, the bank base basic station is received to send after boats and ships AIS information gathers and is handled for center management server. The utility model discloses the transmission blind spot of the AIS information between boats and ships and the bank base of eliminating enlarges boats and ships and bank base AIS information transmission distance.

Description

Based on AIS technologies and the ship information Transmission system of Beidou satellite communication technology
Technical field
The utility model is related to technical field of communication equipment, more particularly to a kind of to be based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication The ship information Transmission system of technology.
Background technology
Ship automatic identification system (Automatic Identification System, abbreviation AIS systems) is a kind of new The marine navaid of type and equipment, are collectively constituted by bank base (bank base base station) facility and ship-borne equipment, and AIS systems are a kind of works Make the ship and base station broadcasts system in very high frequency(VHF) (VHF) sea cellular band, coordinate global positioning system (GPS) to move maritime affairs The ships such as ship static data and accommodation, ship's speed, course steering rate such as dynamic service sign (MMSI), name of vessel, catchword, captain's beam Dynamic data to Its Adjacent Waters ship and base station are broadcasted, and enable neighbouring ship and base station to obtain all ships in neighbouring sea in time Identity and status information, are able at once call coordination mutually, take necessary Anti-collision Actions, ensure safety of ship.
Beidou satellite navigation system is independent development capability, the satellite navigation system of independent operating that China is implementing, with U.S. The GALILEO of state GPS, Russian GLONASS and European Union is listed as global four big GNSS systems.Beidou satellite navigation system 2012 Build in year and cover Asia-Pacific region, passive location, time service and short message communication service can be provided to Asia-Pacific region.Defended by the Big Dipper The short message communication service of star is capable of achieving data communication, has been used widely on ship-borne compass terminal equipment at present.
Mobile communication network transmission is also a kind of conventional Wireless Data Transmission mode in coastal waters, based on common carrier Mobile communication base station carry out data transmission, due to different operators communication standard and the area of mobile communication base station Quantity Not, effective coverage range of the current mobile communications network in coastal waters is about in offshore 10-40 nautical mile.
According to current AIS associated international standards, AIS very high frequency(VHF) radio broadcastings are received by setting up fixed base stations on the bank Signal, and the signal collected is aggregated into into AIS servers using conventional communication mode, carry out the management of watercraft AIS information with Using.But because AIS base station constructions place need to be powered and fixed communication lines, base station construction is relatively costly, and watercraft AIS equipment Information transfer radius is generally 10-30 in the sea, and built AIS base station ranges there is no method that greater coasting area is completely covered, and there is ship Oceangoing ship AIS information transfer blind spots.And mobile communications network Wireless Data Transmission coastal waters transmission radius and AIS radio broadcasting distance-likes Seemingly, there is also base station and cover blind spot.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model, is to provide one kind based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology Ship information Transmission system, eliminate the transmission blind spot of AIS information between ship and bank base, expand ship and bank base AIS information Transmission range.
What the utility model was realized in:A kind of ship information based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology is passed Defeated system, the system includes an at least ship terminal, at least a bank base base station and a center management server;The ship Ship Big Dipper terminal and watercraft AIS equipment are installed, the watercraft AIS equipment includes VHF data communication modules, ship in terminal Motion sensor module, data information module and GPS module;
Watercraft AIS information is generated by ship motion sensor module, data information module and GPS module;
When the distance between watercraft AIS equipment and bank base base station is in watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF broadcast transmission ranges When, VHF data communication modules obtain watercraft AIS information and Jing AIS radio broadcastings are sent to bank base base station;
Transmission range is broadcasted when the distance between watercraft AIS equipment and bank base base station exceedes watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF When, watercraft AIS equipment transmits watercraft AIS information to ship Big Dipper terminal by an AIS data-interfaces, is packaged into the short report of the Big Dipper Literary form, by the ship Big Dipper terminal bank base base station is sent to;
The bank base base station receives after watercraft AIS information is collected and is sent to the center management server, central tube Reason server is processed.
Further, the bank base base station is set up in the coastal region of harbour or harbour.
Further, the bank base base station include bank base AIS information reading module, AIS servers, Beidou communication module, And convergence unit;
The bank base AIS information reading module receives the watercraft AIS information that VHF data communication modules are obtained, and records In AIS servers;
The Beidou communication module is received after the Big Dipper short message formatted data that ship Big Dipper terminal sends, and parsing is reverted to AIS information data formats;
It is whole that the AIS information takens of the AIS servers and Beidou communication module carry out data to convergence unit module Close, be sent to the center management server.
The utility model has the advantage of:The utility model is passed with existing AIS data transfers and mobile communication network Transferring technology is compared, and data effective propagation path has essential raising, by watercraft AIS equipment and Big Dipper terminal information transfer Combination, realize watercraft AIS information without blind spot transmission, and relative to merely with the Big Dipper Satellite Communication System transmission ship letter The mode of breath, because Beidou satellite communication system transfers are relatively costly, passes through when the utility model is in AIS base station ranges AIS broadcast modes transmit information to AIS servers on the bank, can save transmission cost.
Description of the drawings
With reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is further described in conjunction with the embodiments.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Specific embodiment
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of ship information transmission system based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology System, the system includes an at least ship terminal 1, at least a bank base base station 2 and a center management server 3;
Ship Big Dipper terminal 4 and watercraft AIS equipment 5 are installed, the watercraft AIS equipment 5 includes in the ship terminal 1 VHF data communication modules 51, ship motion sensor module 52, data information module 53 and GPS module 54;
Watercraft AIS information is generated by ship motion sensor module 52, data information module 53 and GPS module 54;
When the distance between watercraft AIS equipment 5 and bank base base station 2 is in watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF broadcast transmission ranges When, VHF data communication modules 51 obtain watercraft AIS information and Jing AIS radio broadcastings are sent to bank base base station 2;
Transmission range is broadcasted when the distance between watercraft AIS equipment 5 and bank base base station 2 exceedes watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF When, watercraft AIS equipment 5 transmits watercraft AIS information to ship Big Dipper terminal 4 by an AIS data-interfaces 6, is packaged into the Big Dipper Short message form, by ship Big Dipper terminal 4 bank base base station 2 is sent to;
The bank base base station 2 receives after watercraft AIS information is collected and is sent to the center management server 3, center Management server 3 is processed.
In the utility model, the bank base base station 2 is set up in the coastal region of harbour or harbour.The bank base base station 2 Including bank base AIS information reading module 21, AIS servers 22, Beidou communication module 23 and convergence unit 24;
The bank base AIS information reading module 21 receives the watercraft AIS information that VHF data communication modules 51 are obtained, and remembers Record is in AIS servers 22;
The Beidou communication module 23 is received after the Big Dipper short message formatted data that ship Big Dipper terminal 4 sends, and is parsed extensive Answer into AIS information data formats;
The AIS information takens of the AIS servers 22 and Beidou communication module 23 to the module of convergence unit 24 is carried out Data Integration, is sent to the center management server 3.Center management server 3 records watercraft AIS information, and is categorized into ship The data such as oceangoing ship essential information, shipping work information, ship's fix information, operational configuration, by ship static state multidate information and platform Ships data is associated.Based on the electronic chart application based on GIS, support that multiple equipment is simultaneously online, so as to realize Seamless monitoring to Vessel's Description.
In a word, the utility model watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF broadcast is combined with Beidou satellite communication system transfers and carried out Ship information transmit, when watercraft AIS equipment and on the bank the distance between base station AIS broadcast transmitting apart from it is interior when, Liang Zhetong Crossing AIS broadcast reception modes carries out the data transfer of watercraft AIS information;When both distances AIS broadcast transmitting distance with When outer, by Beidou satellite communication system, ashore base station carries out the data transfer of ship information, realize ship information with the bank Without blind spot transmission.
Although the foregoing describing specific embodiment of the present utility model, those familiar with the art should Work as understanding, the specific embodiment described by us is merely exemplary, rather than for the limit to scope of the present utility model Fixed, those of ordinary skill in the art should in the equivalent modification and change made according to spirit of the present utility model Cover in scope of the claimed protection of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of ship information Transmission system based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology, it is characterised in that:The system Including an at least ship terminal, at least a bank base base station and a center management server;Ship is installed in the ship terminal Oceangoing ship Big Dipper terminal and watercraft AIS equipment, the watercraft AIS equipment includes VHF data communication modules, ship motion sensor mould Block, data information module and GPS module;
Watercraft AIS information is generated by ship motion sensor module, data information module and GPS module;
When the distance between watercraft AIS equipment and bank base base station is in watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF broadcast transmission ranges, VHF Data communication module obtains watercraft AIS information and Jing AIS radio broadcastings are sent to bank base base station;
When the distance between watercraft AIS equipment and bank base base station exceedes watercraft AIS equipment radio VHF broadcasts transmission range, ship Oceangoing ship AIS equipment transmits watercraft AIS information to ship Big Dipper terminal by an AIS data-interfaces, is packaged into Big Dipper short message lattice Formula, by the ship Big Dipper terminal bank base base station is sent to;
The bank base base station receives and the center management server is sent to after watercraft AIS information is collected, centre management clothes Business device is processed.
2. the ship information Transmission system based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be:The bank base base station is set up in the coastal region of harbour or harbour.
3. the ship information Transmission system based on AIS technologies and Beidou satellite communication technology according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be:The bank base base station includes that bank base AIS information reading module, AIS servers, Beidou communication module and data are converged Poly- unit;
The bank base AIS information reading module receives the watercraft AIS information that VHF data communication modules are obtained, and records in AIS clothes In business device;
The Beidou communication module is received after the Big Dipper short message formatted data that ship Big Dipper terminal sends, and parsing reverts to AIS Information data format;
The AIS information takens of the AIS servers and Beidou communication module carry out Data Integration to convergence unit module, send out Give the center management server.
CN201621237893.2U 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique CN206164533U (en)

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CN201621237893.2U CN206164533U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621237893.2U CN206164533U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Boats and ships message transmission system based on AIS technique and big dipper satellite communication technique

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107204800A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-09-26 上海复亚通信科技有限公司 A kind of gondola tracking system and its application method based on AIS information
CN107396314A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-24 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship-to-shore based on GIS is adaptively with outer wireless networking method
CN107393344A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-11-24 上海海事大学 The ship of the compatible Big Dipper and AIS is mutually distinguishable system and its implementation
CN107426707A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-12-01 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship based on GIS is adaptively with outer wireless networking method
CN109362061A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-19 中国运载火箭技术研究院 A kind of bank base of VHF frequency range data exchange system is on duty and management system
CN110138416A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-16 上海卫星工程研究所 The spaceborne wired multi-channel detection probabilistic testing method of AIS ship oceangoing ship

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107393344A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-11-24 上海海事大学 The ship of the compatible Big Dipper and AIS is mutually distinguishable system and its implementation
CN107204800A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-09-26 上海复亚通信科技有限公司 A kind of gondola tracking system and its application method based on AIS information
CN107396314A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-24 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship-to-shore based on GIS is adaptively with outer wireless networking method
CN107426707A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-12-01 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship based on GIS is adaptively with outer wireless networking method
CN107396314B (en) * 2017-07-21 2020-09-08 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship-shore self-adaptive out-of-band wireless networking method based on GIS
CN107426707B (en) * 2017-07-21 2020-11-20 深圳市置辰海信科技有限公司 Ship self-adaptive out-of-band wireless networking method based on GIS
CN109362061A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-19 中国运载火箭技术研究院 A kind of bank base of VHF frequency range data exchange system is on duty and management system
CN110138416A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-08-16 上海卫星工程研究所 The spaceborne wired multi-channel detection probabilistic testing method of AIS ship oceangoing ship

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